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W v:," *#fT- -*8-vrv Tr- j1- t* We are- hearing and reading every day of what the church should do in the present condition of human affairs, says Father Yorke. In this country the voluble gentlemen of nearly all the denominations are vociferating "Recon struction" with the pained and sur prised accent of the disillusioned hen who sees her chicks take to water. The Voluble Gentle- So Much Talked About in These Times, Receives the Attention Due It at the Hands of Rev. Father Yorke in the San Fi Only Rome is silent—.with, the deep silence of the everlasting years. What in the world are they all gabbing about, anyhow? Was the church sent into the world to make wooden legs or crock eyes? Was the Apostolic Mandate to teach typewriting, chemistry, electric engin eering or the noble art of circumvent ing the neighbor in business by day schools or by night?. If sterling is on the bum, and marks unmarketable, and francs disfran chised, did the doctors deliver to the saints the secret of restoring them to par? If economics are up in the air, and stocks walking on the ceiling, and gamblers frothing at the mouth, are the exorcisms of the church to be used to cast out the disturbing spirits? What has Christ to do with Belial or Jerusalem with Athens? Let Capital work out its own salva tion. Let Labor fight its own battles. Lei. Caeskr c«u-ry the burdens that belong to Caesar. Our Lord did not lay down any po litical or economic or educational or reconstructional or cultural policies, He said, "Let the dead bury their dead." Among the Bishops, Now Rounding Out Ten Years of 8ervlce, Are Heffron of Winona, Corbett of Crookston, O'Reilly of Fargo and Wehrle of Bis marck, North Dakota. During the year 1920 many prelates of the church in the United States will celebrate sacerdotal or episcopal Jubi lees and other anniversaries marking their careers in the church. Heading the list will be Cardinal Gibbons of Baltimore, .who on June 80 will, enter upon his sixtieth year in the priesthood and on the same day will begin his thirtieth year as a member of the sacred college of cardinals. Only a few years behind the vener able Baltimore prelate In point of ser vice in the' priesthood is Bishop Thomas O'Gorman, of Sioux Falls, who on November 6 will reach the 56th anniversary of his '.ordination as a priest Two bishops will celebrate their sacerdotal golden Jubilee during the year. They are Bishop James Schwe bach, of La Crosse and Bishop Fired erick Eis, of Marquette, both of whom were ordained half a century ago. Bishop Joseph M. Koudelka, of Su perior, Bishop Thomas Beaven, of Springfield, Mass., and Bishop Maurice F. Burke of St. Joseph, Mo., will cele brate their 45th anniversary 'in the priesthood. On May 22 Bishop John P. Farrelly, of Cleveland, and Bishop Michael J. Hoban, of Scranton, will complete forty years In the priesthood. Later In the year .similar anniversary will be ob ed by Bishop Jo]in J. Monaghan, head of the Wilmington, Del., diocese. Among the prelates who will cele brate their 86th ordination anniver sary during the year are Archbishop Sdward,T. Hanna, of San Francisco and Bishops Donahue of Wheeling, LflHs of Kansas City, MeDevltt of Har rlsburg and Lawler of Lead, South The 80th anniversary of their ordi nation win be celebrated fey Arch bishop Dennis J. Dougherty, of PhO- men as a Shouter Many Will Observe Jubilees in 1920 Comeltus Van de UL, andBIa £r V.-. O .""^ -.. -J.V ^-v'r^^'xTiff:-v^-f^,r- -*Y«5 -^x^ 5. He did not speak of those that are careful and solicitous and over-anx ious concerning'food and raiment and the morrow, and He did not give them a cure for their care or a remedy for their solicitude or an insurance policy for tomorrow. He said: "After all these things do the heathen seek." The plan He laid down then is the. plan for the church now. "Seek ye first the Kingdom of God and His jus tice, and all these things shall be added to you." The Kingdom of God is not in dollars or drives or committees, it is within. The justice of God is not in treaties or bargains or plans or laws. It is in the moral la,yn. The business of the church is to proclaim and apply the moral law. It is her prerogative to judge the efforts of Caesar to administer the af fairs of Caesar if they are counter to the moral law. It is not her business what to do with his own within his own rightful sphere. It is hers to stand for justice and to hold up the banner. "Thou shalt not steal," but she is no policeman. It is hers to stand for the rights of man and to plead the cause of the lowly, and to be a mainstay for the oppressed, and to lift up her voice to call to heaven for vengeance against those who deprive the laborer of his hire, but it is not hers to sit a,t table or to be a divider among brethren. The one thing we need today, and that we don't hear enough of, and that is the Kingdom of God. Instead, our ears are deafened with the rattle o»' the money of Simon Magus. We sadly need the vigorous and refreshing words of the Prince of the Apostles: "Pecunia tua tecum in perditionem." To hell with you and your money be cause you think the gifts of God are for sale. John S. Gunn, Archbishop of Natchez, Archbishop George W. Mundeleln, of Chicago, will celebrate the 25th an niversary of his ordination on June 8. Other prelates »who will observe their silver Jubilee in the priesthood are Bishop P. A. McGovern, of Chey enne and Bishop Joseph F. McGrath, of Baker City. Bishop Joseph P. Lynch, of Dallas and Bishop Thomas T. Walsh, of Tren ton will celebrate the 20th anniversary of their ordination. In June Bishop Benjamin J. Kelley, will celebrate his 20th anniversary as bishop of Savannah and In November Bishop Herman J. Alerdlng, will com plete his second decade of service as head of the diocese of Fort Wayne. During the year the following pre lates will round oat 10 years of ser vice at the head of their respective dioceses. Bishops O'Donoghue of Louisville, Heffron of' Winona, Cor bett of Crookston, O'Reilly of Fargo, Nllan of Hartford, Rice of Burlington, Vt., and Wehrle of Bismarck, North Dakota. Archbishop George W. Mundeleln, of Chicago, will complete five years as head of the Chicago archdiocese on December 9. In October Bishop Anthony J. Schuler, will round out Ave years of service as bishop of the El Paso dio cese. THE WELL-BRED GIRL. The girl who is well-bred never finds it necessary to announce. the fact to the world. Good breeding is as natural to her as breathing, and as necessary, too. She never gossips or listens to tales about her friends. This sort of con versation is not pleasing to her. The well-bred girl seldom apologizes —it is not necessary for her to do so, because she Is always careful of other people's feelings, and she never talks of her private affairs. Tha jrell-bred girl never make* self conspicuous In public plsess, does not permit herself tobe drawn i»» to any s^v^? w* ^&^ ar "V*-*.-^'"-.1 The Irish problem is an Ulster prob lem, writes Lindsay Crawford, presi dent of the Friends of Ireland. Were there no Ulster the Irish question could be solved amicably over night. To understand the Irish problem, therefore, is to know Ulster. To para phrase Kipling: "How can they know Ireland who only Ireland know?" It is the misfortune of English statesmen that their eyes are riveted upon the Sinn Feiners at a time when all the resources of statesmanship should be employed in unravelling the knotty problem of Carsonism. Irish Unionist Movement. This is not to say that there are two Irelands, for the history of Unionism in Ireland is the history of a move ment which has maintained its separa tist character down to the present time. The Irish Unionist party in the House of Commons, although a wing of the British Tory party, has maintained a separate political existence, having its own caucus and chairman and its own wing. For a century it has been a thorn in the side of the British Tory party, retaining its independent or ganization the better to influence Brit ish legislation and to perpetuate its domination in Irish affairs. The his tory of the past century, since the Act of Union, has been a record of undoing of wrongs on the part of England as a result of Irish agitation. Step by step the alien laws and institutions im posed upon Ireland in the past have been revoked proof, if any were need ed, that the agitations that provoked these reforms .were justifiable, and that the Irish agitators knew better thi}ji English statesmen what was good for their country. But the undoing of these wrongs interfered with vested in terests and divided Ireland into two opposing camps. The Rump of Protestant Ascendancy. Carsonism is the rump of the old Protestant Ascendancy, the residuary legatee of the special privileges claimed by the Protestant settlers. It is a sorry remnant of the old van guard that so stubbornly resisted the great reforms that marked the advent of democracy. So long as penal laws and religious disabilities retained ab solute political power in the hands of the Ascendancy party England was in constant fear of their separatist ten dencies. The native Irish, down to the time of the Union, had no lot or part in the government of Ireland. The fight for national Independence in 1782 and again in A. VoL XXXYl No. 10 Minneapolis, Minn., Saturday, January 17, 1920 5c the Copy The Ulster Problem is Not Religious 1798 was the work of the Protestant settlers. The his tory of the Irish Parliament from the earliest times folowing the Anglo-Nor man invasion, is the history of contin ual conflict between the British settlers and the English government. Catholic emancipation, the Reform bill, disestablishment, and land reform made serious inroads on the ProteBt ant Ascendancy. Since the Union this Ascendancy rested on four main pil lars—the state church, with its exclu- Archbishop John J, Glennon Denounces Immoral Dances and Prevalence of Divorce. Sex literature and immoral dances were assailed by Archbishop John J. Glennon, of St Louis, recently in a monthly sermon at the new cathedral In that city. The prelate also deplored that many persons regarded marriage as a "Joke, an experiment, a very doubtful expedi ent, largely a lottery—a gambling de vice, wherein one may win or lose." He said upon the sanctity of matri mony largely depended jrfiatever of civilization we have—the home being the basis upon which the nation Is built, and to destroy the home meant to destroy the nation. Divorce Is Denounced.' Denouncing divorce, lie said statis tics show one in ereqr lead to the divorce const. "Girls," he said, "spend jpar Prelate Assails Sex Literature •A 'V sive privileges, the land, with its evil land laws, castle government, with its class patronage system, and higher education, .which for generations had been the exclusive prerogative of the established church, and which was only fully extended to Irish Catholics in the last decade. The fall of the establishment and landlordism trans ferred political power in the Irish Tory party to the Presbyterian manufac turers of the North, who aped the ways of the old landed gentry, rivalled them in title-hunting, and in many cases en tered into possession of their estates. The sway of the almighty dollar suc ceeded to an aristocracy of birth and culture and the last state of Unionist Ulster was worse than the first. An Irish wing of the British Tory party, the Unionists of Ulster, have always led in the van against every measure designed to widen the power of the people and to improve the lot of so ciety. The Bubble- of Carsonism. The bubble of CarsoniBm has long been pricked in Ireland by the South ern Unionists who, for years, were bled financially to keep the Ulster agi tation alive. Today the Southern Unionist is against partion. Certain propagandists say all Ulster is behind Carson. If tj}e figures published in the Carson organs are correct, the huge majority of the people of Ulster are op posed to Carson. This explains his stubborn opposition to a county plebis cite on the Irish issue. The figures given at the time of the signing of the covenant, a/couple of years before the war4\vere iis follows: Population of Ulster over 16. .1,074,000 Covenanters (218,000 male and 229,000 females) .... 447,000 Against the Covenant .. 627,000 Ten persons out of every seventeen in Ulster refused to sign the Covenant. In other .words, 60 per cent of the peo ple of Ulster repudiate Carson and his policy. Only 218,000 men and boys could be persuaded to sign. Where, is the army of a million Carson ,warriors? In 1913 the population of Ulster was divided as follows: Protestant population of Ulster over 16 605,000 Covenanters 447,000 Balance 158,000 In Ulster, therefore, are 158,000 Pro testant men and women who could not be persuaded or coerced to sign the Covenant. These calculations are based upon the assumption that all the signatures to the Covenant were genu ine. Carson does not represent even 60 per cent of the Pretestant of Ul ster. Would any other country in Christ endom be martyred for such, a shoddy remnant of an Old Ascendancy that belonged to the days of the penal code and absentee landlordism? And what (Continued on page 4) and to happiness—the pace that kills. It may come to a matrimonial conclu sion, but in the end it Is fatal. Tou ask: 'What about the young men?' Whatever our young men are, they will not be benefited by our young women not being the heat "It seems that the so-called mar riageable class doesn't attend ser mons." Sex Literature Aesailed. "There is also much talk in the world regarding the ware of sex litera ture that prevails. All your group/ of romance in story books center on the subject They are filled with .Inci dents that' are risque and all the psychological analysis of is hasty sub ject. At fhe end, they attempt to apologise tor an their nastlness by a "It woukj be better if the marriage brought oC at the start of the book Instead of being preceded by 21* •.«l«5 Perhaps, if this ~'f. A jj,r-.. Putting It Mildly, Canon Adderley, Vicar of St. Paul's Covent Garden, Admits "Many English Christians Are Becoming Paganized and Many Pagans Are More Christian Than Churchgoers." Now that the British Government is keeping the cables busy libelling Ire land in the eyes of the world, a con sideration of the position of morality and religion in Great Britain may not be amiss: Strong denunciations from the pulpit have recently emphasized the growing indifference of the general public to re ligion, evidenced by fast diminishing congregations at the churches, irre-' spective of denomination and creed, says Reynold's Newspaper,. London. Despite frequent crusades, revival ism, missions, and efforts to brighten the churches and present religious teaching in a more attractive manner than hitherto, it is asserted that pic ture palaces and other places of amuse ment are increasingly popular on the Sabbath in inverse ratio to the empty ing of the churches. Is this tendency but a passing phase or a definite and permanent break from our old ideas of religion and its value in our daily lives? That the lapse is due to an entirely wrong conception of worship, anjl the lack of realization of its value as an in dividual asset was the opinion ex pressed by Canon Adderley, the well: kno^n .vicar of St. Paul's, Covejit Gar den, wbep interviewed recently. "1 think," he said, "English people are certainly becoming more and more indifferent to organized religion in the shape of churches, but I do not think they are indifferent to religion. "Church and chapel people must show quite clearly that their work and their worship are intimately connected. At present the masses .feel that the churchgoers behave in their lives ex actly on the same principle as the non cliurchgoers. "I should not say that England is Pagan. I would rather say," he con cluded, "that many English Christians are becoming Paganized, and many Pagans are more Christian than churchgoers." An extremely pessimistic view of the present-day attitude of the general pub ic towards the churches was expressed by Father Bernard Vaughan: "I grieve beyond everything," he said, "to have Veteran ef Civil Wsr Declares Adop tion of Mason Resolution Would Not Disturb Friendly Relations With Great Britain. Washington, D. C., Jan. 10.—A stir ring appeal for the recognition of the Irish Republic was made in the house last .week by Representative Isaac R. Sherwood of Ohio, one of,the veterans of the Civil War. General Sherwood told the house that the adoption of the resolution In troduced some time ago by Represen tative Mason of Illinois would not dis turb the friendly relations between the United States and Great Britain, but would, on the contrary, inspire Lloyd George to give the largest mess Ore of Justice in the home rule plan for Ireland. He said: "As an American citizen with not a single drop of Irish blood in my veins, I can make a plea for Ireland with out being accused of being pro-Irish. If being born In New England of Eng lish and Scottish ancestry Is a test of Americanism, then I can pass the add test, for my ancestors came over in 1632, not in the Mayflower, the boat was full, but on the boat Pays Tribute to Ireland. "Ireland has been struggling for autonomy and independence for over 700 yews. Ireland is a continental on all sides bf is separate by the wide Irish ssa. ,. '-V Rapid Growth of Paganism in Britain Sherwood of Ohio Pleads for Erin ^tsClA ti '^HICAJ to say how my countryfolk in bulk not accept the diviue personality our Lord, that is to say, they do give wholehearted belief in the tles' Creed. And am making this statement' without foundation—on the contrary, what Is "thrust before me more and more ever*, day is that not even the language id terminology of Christianity is under stood by the people. "Read the latest book on the subject,. Paganism due to the war? Not a bit of it. The war has been the occasion of revealing it, that is all. "If you want to know what has de christianized the country," he con tinued, "I U' do, of not" Apos ChriBt they only know aB a name always to reverence and sometimes to swear by. "Do not for a moment think that The Arnjy and lleligion: An Inquiry,^ and its bearing on the religious life of the nation.' It is compiled out of 300 memoranda resting on the evidence of many hundred witnesses. "When you have put that book down you will find that there is hideouB rea-' son, lamentable reason, for believing that Christ, to 85 per cent of our be loved countrymen and country,wom&n is today on]y one name among others, like I'lato, Sophocles, or Marcus Aurelius. "Not a Living Force." "To this growing section of the com nnmity, Christ is not a living force, in spiring their lives and christianizing their conduct. "Must 1 Bay it," he continued, "that' we are living upon the afterglow of Christianity, which before the great re-,' ligious revolt In the sixteenth century was woven not merely into the reli gious, biit into the legislative, philo sophic, social and domestic life of 'Meh' rie England' for a thousand years.' "To convert England to Christianity we must start like our Cath6lic mis-' sionaries among the heathens, with the children. Alas, parents to whom Chris-.' tianity is nothing and its dogma worsef.' than nothing will refuse to have their children respond to our Divine Mas-'| ter's call. 'Suffer little children to^ come linto me, and forbid them not'-' "Somebody will ask me, Is this neo- I 1 point my finger to the pro vided School from which Christ has been turned out j*dth the door slammed in His face. "The thought of it makes me bun' my face In my hand and sob with sor row and shame." world safe for democracy Ireland should have eerlous consideration, "The Irish are a homogeneous peo ple, and no other people In either Ms rope o^Asla or the western continent has ever made such a constant enduring struggle for autonomy asid independence aa the Irish race. T^JSJ hold the undisputed world record tor long-continued constancy and courage Praises Irish In America. "Let us not forget that Irish patriots bore an Important part In all th* struggles df the thirteen American colonies for Independence." General Sherwood cited the fact t|M through the Instrumentality of fbm United States Poland Is nqjm tree, and that other nationalities in Euf&n have been given their lndependenca. He added: "I am tor free Ireland for the Mpm for free Poland for the Poles Apr Armenia for (he Armenians for 8gfla for the Syrians!, and for all pegiflm» around the world who have shtfim fidelity snd courage and nniislsngj,"" that they are entitled under God*i |e^ nign providence to live their tfwn livee." L. A, A. O. H. BOARp TO MEET, The Hennepin County Board Hr A. O. H. will meet with Division lfe. 10 in their Club, I4/'