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The Irish standard. [volume] (Minneapolis, Minn. ;) 1886-1920, January 24, 1920, Image 1

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The Politico-Diplomatic Importance of
The Papacy—Exemplar of Interna
tional Court Given by Rome—Popes
the Arbiters of Nations During the
Middle Age*—Tribunal Set Up By
League of Nations Would Have the
Example of the Pope's to Follow.
Men of learning, lovers of peace,
have long been seeking to create an
institution which would be superior
to the sovereign States, not so much
In political power or authority as in
the realm of Justice and right. If two
quarreling individuals we have been
told time and time again, must be con
tent to lay their cause before a court
whose judgment they are bound to
accept, two Nations, two States should
also find it possible to submit their
controversies to some tribunal. We
have long been familiar with such ar
guments and with efforts, directed to
wards creating an institution which
would embody the wishes of those
earnestly seeking after relief from the
evil they strive to overcome such
wishes have been expressed long be
fore the World War. Whether we
designate the institution aimed at an
International Court, an International
Court of Arbitration, a Court of Na
tions or a League of Nations' Court
Is of no consequence the important
consideration is the basic idea, and
all friends of peace are of one mind
concerning that:
The Popes as Arbiters.
What is now being attempted, what
now looms up like a Fata Morgana
deceivingly near at hand has been
realized centuries ago the nations of
occidental Europe had such, an insti
tution, in the Middle Ages in the Pap
acy. And if at present a really effec
tive international court is being
spoken of as the greatest and loftiest
and most beneficent social institution,
then these same characterizations ap
ply with equal force to the labor^ of
the Papacy in the interest of peace
and the well-being of the nations.
The time from Leo III, who on
Christmas day in the year 800 crowned
The "High Prices" Mania Due to
Reckless Extravagance and
In the old "green goods" days, the
man who bought a gold brick did not
usually advertise the fact and brag
that he had been duped. He was trying
to get something for nothing, and
when his efforts reacted to his own
loss he usually kept his mouth shut.
Now, however, the American people
are falling over themselves In their
eagerness to spend something for
nothing. And they shout the fact that
they are being bilked trom the house
tops with pride:
The facts and figures both collective
and individual showing that the high
prices of necessities and non-necessi
ties are due to reckless spending, ex
travagance and waste, speak for them
selves in no uncertain terms. The
Massachusetts commission investigat
ing* the high cost of necessities re
cently made public some significant
findings. One of the largest retail dry
goods dealers in Boston told the com
mission that he pur on sale a lot of
shirtwaists At |2,5Q and $3.00 a dozen,
bat that there was no sale for them,
as his oustomers would only consider
higher priced articles, and he ,was
obliged to take the low priced goods
oat of his store and turn them off
some other way.
A provision dealer ground op Ham
burger steak. Part of it he marked
88 cents a pound and the remainder
42 cents. At the end of the day all the
42-cent Hamburger had been sold and
aot a customer bought at 28 cents,
although the meat was absolutely the
same. Commissioner J. H. Sherburne
•fH that New England people refused
to buy good fresh fish caught bat two
days before off the New England
coast at eight cents a pound, bat that
there was a big demand for halfbatr
In the Realm of
Justice and Right
What Facts and
Figures Show
Vol XXXV. No. 11 Minneapolis, Minn., Saturday, January 24, 1920
Charlemange emperor, down to the
end of the reign of Boniface VIII
(1303) is the epoch of the greatest in
fluence of the church on the political
life of the nations. Again and again,
during that period, emperors and
kings laid their quarrels at the feet
of the Pope and accepted his judg
ment as arbiter and innumerable
cases are recorded of their coming to
Rome for a settlement of controver
sies regarding the investiture of pre
lates and rulers, in matters of prop
erty, regarding the Crusades, in cases
of insubordination of spiritual rulers,
in the granting of fiefs, when questions
of supremacy were involved, and in
many other instances, not to mention
those concerning the validity of mar
riages, etc. One may form whatever
judgment of the Papacy one will the
epoch from 800 to 1303 marks a period
of history during which the church
putlsinto practice what is now being
Preservation of Freedom.
A Supreme Judge of the type rep
resented by the Popes of those ages,
who set bounds to the ambitions and
caprices even of kings and emperors,
would likewise be the safest guardian
of the liberty of nations. Freedom,
liberty—frequently the watchwords of
those who seek to overthrow public
order—are precious, priceless gifts,
and must be safeguarded at all costs.
But liberty is not license, or freedom
from all restraint. Order is a child
of liberty, and its helpmate is wise
restraint. Such restraint must never
by tyranny, whether it be the tyranny
of the autocrat ruling by force, or
that of the Jacobin mob.
History teaches us that occidental
Europe enjoyed an unparalled meas
ure of liberty, while in the East
Roman Empire and later in Russia
arbitrary absolutism reigned. The
chief reason for this difference in de
velopment lies in the fact that the
West had the Pope, and the East did
not. The logic of this contention rests
on the fact proven by history that
(Continued on page 4)
caught six weeks previous in the
Pacific, carried across the country
and sold at 40 cents a pound. Meat
men report there is an unprecedented
demand for the most expensive cuts
and little demand for cuts for stew.
Although the price of hogs in Chicago
fell off 50 per cent, there was no de
crease in the retail price obtained for
hogs in New England because of the
demand at high prices for choice
loins. General Sherburne said that
there was a tremendous demand for $4
silk stockings, which were Inferior in
quality to those which formerly sold
at |1.
Here is what London says of the
buying habit in America. "America
continues to be the world's great trea
sure chest into .which is being poured
millions of dollars worth of precious
stones and art treasures." For the
first nine months of 1919 $27,568,128
worth of precious stones passed
through London for American buyers
as against $12,000,000 for the same
period of 1918. The value of art ob
jects sent to America through London
alone for the same time exceeded
$4,000,000. America has paid a huge
price In Europe for furs in* the last
nine months, the total amount being
declared as $10,354,582, or double the
amount of last year. The last of the
$7,000,000 worth of furs recently sold
in New Tork have just been removed
from the warehouses for manufacture.
These figures do not take Into account
the sums paid at the auction sale of
furs in St. Louis and other wholesale
The jeweler, the pawnbroker and
the furrier have no hesitancy In say
ing that these luxuries are not des
tined' for old millionaires or the new
rich. They are demanded by salaried
people and wage earners who are
squandering on them the savings piled
Rev. Father Bernard Vaughan of Lon
don, England, Says the Working
Class Needs Club Rooms—Films Are
Rev. Father Vaughan is one of the
best known critics in the world, who
gives his views on present day- so
cial problems. He is especially well
known in the United States and Can
ada, where he has traveled exten
London—We must humanize persons
first before we can civilize and Chris
tianize them, says Father Vaughan.
Any one who, looks around him at
the life of today can see that we are
fast becomipg a pagan people. Little
is thought of Christianity. If you talk
to the ordinary man about religion,
he looks at you as if you were speak
ing about some strange thing in a
strange language. He does not.un
The feverish, riotous life that is
being lived gives little time for high
thinking. People seem to have no
time for long sermons or plays. They
want swift words and swifter impres
sions. That is why I think there is
a great chance for the motion pic
ture. It is quick in movement and
intensely direct in its appeal.
Moving Pictures Praised.
I'd love to run a motion picturo
theatre myself—but I'd take care to
elevate my people to see that they
would rise from sphere to sphere, not
spiritually, hut humanly, to the high
est character.
I saw a film the other day called
"Damaged Goods." It i3 a great film,
I hope it will teach every boy an£
girl to keep clear of vice.
But I would go further and say that
the motion picture ought to have God
in it. I don't mean that there should
be no brightness or merriment and fun
in the pictures—we want plenty of
that always—but that where it can
be done, they should put Him in.
Films Are Anti-Saloon.
Another thing about the cinema and
its power for good. It keeps men and
Head of Carmelite Order and Presi
dent of Friends of Irish Freedom,
Warns Workers in Cause Against
Errors That Have Led to Defeat in
the Past—Unity Compatible With
Diversity of Opinion—Leaders Must
Not Be Regarded as Greater Than
Cause-^Chlefs Today Preach Doc
trine That All Individuals Are Sub
ordinate to National Cause.
By Very Rev. Peter E. Magennis.
Superior General of the Carmelite Or
der and President of the Friends
of Irish Freedom.
Rome, January 1, 1920.—At festive
times the mind wanders back to old
times and to old places as if in search
of friends that were truest and places
that .were dearest. Friends of the
present need not blame us, places that
are. now ours need not grow jealouB
for, all considered, it may be only an
instinct. The New Year is not only a
time for festive rejoicings but it bids
us think of periods past and periods
to begin, of an old life, a past life, and
a new life, a life that is beginning.
Those with whom we have battled In
the past those at whose side we have
stood at critical times those whose
battle Is our battle, at such times as
this we wish them new force, new
courage, as it were, a new life.
Few causes have begotten more fer
vent friendships than the cause of Ire
land. Because the material success
of the cause has been, thus far, by no
means encouraging, the good God
seems to have lavished on the spiritual
side a far more than counterbalancing
compensation. Men and .women who
have fought, honestly and straightfor
wardly, In the sacred cause .of Ireland
have been blessed with a great big en
during love for all who have loved
as they dared. This lore Is, Indeed,
sacred sad spiritual.
Cleaner Fun Advo
cated for Toilers
The Message of
Father Magennis
women out of saloons, and that is
much in its favor. My pet aversion is
the typical saloon or public house as
we see it in England today. Men and
women are, I suppose, driven to it in
seeking relief from the sordid slums
in which they are forced to live. God
knows, they have little enough hap
It is a bold thing to say, but I de
clare frankly that the only pleasures
we in England have to offer the peo
ple in the slums are immorality and
drink, and until we do something bet
ter for them we cannot hope for a
speedy regeneration.
Take the ordinary public house or
saloon of today, with its bar, jug en
trance and woman's rooms. It is bad
enough to have to pass these places
when the doors are swinging on their
hinges. But what must it be to be
driven into them.
Better Pleasures Needed.
All I can say is that men must have
so-called homes utterly unworthy of
humanity when they arc forced even
from a slum attic to find pleasure in a
bar where the atmosphere is. reeking
from the fumes of drink and the
smoke of shag tobacco. It is high
time we provided pleasure houses and
refreshments less unworthy of Chris
tian civilization.
I want to see trysting halls so
splendidly lighted that in the summer
they may be open to trap the sun
beams. I- want a room with palms
and shrubs in it, and fountains play
ing and marble tables galore, where
a father may take his wife and chil
dren. Let there be some song and
music, bright and diverting and let
the family parly [ctroui&'-ibSiiii 'for
work after rest and play.
Clubs for Workers Favored.
Let us give the workingmen and
working women a club in which they
can lounge, read, feed and smoke as
the leisured classes do in Pall Mall or
Fifth avenue. We are brothers and
sisters all, and all sections of the
community, according to the meas-
(Continued on page 4)
Privilege to Be in the Fight.
It has been my privilege to have
been in the turmoil of fight for the
land of my birth. It is my privilege
to possess the love that is gifted to
one who has striven to do his best in
a holy cause. Hence what wonder
if at this New Year's time the mind
travels back to friends and places sa
cred to the memories of the days that
were and alaB! shall never be again.
Who dares blame me if I wish the old
warriors a new life, if I pray that the
present soldiers may gain new vigor
in the coming years? If I must needs
stand aside who will blame me if I
raise my heart to the God of battles
and pray his tenderest care on those
who still stand where once I stood,
who are better able to do and dare
than ever I was? If from the quiet
cell of the monk, a few feeble words
go forth borne on the wings of love,
what true friend of the cause will
shut his ears to the feeble sounds or
mock their feeble echoes? Times
would he changed, hearts would be
changed, aye, and even the cause it
self should be changed If the men and
women whom I have known in the'past
do not listen for a few moments and
weigh the words, at least, for the love
of him who utters them.
There is no place in the world where
one can see such an objective lesson in
the power of unity as in the city of
Rome. Here are the headquarters of
the one church. Against this church
are burled all the powers of earth and
hell. Princes conspire against it,
kings plot against it, emperors issue
edicts against it, and all this has been
going on for centuries. Serene and
majestic that church stands, although
he, who Is the head of It is practically
a prisoner in a few acres of ground
around his so-called palace. Although
the head of the church Is a prisoner,
(Continued on page 4)
A Uniform Desire to Make the Drive
Both Thorough and Efficient—Prot
estant Friends of Ireland Swamped
With Demands-For Speakers.
The American Commission on
Irish Independence are now able to
give the assurance that the bond
certificate campaign is actively in
progress all over the country. The
work of organization is farther ad
vanced in some States than in others,
but in all there are city committees
actively engaged in the preparation of
lists and the recruiting of workers.
As might have been expected, the
most rapid progress has been made in
those States where there have been
numerous meetings during the past
year, where there has been plentiful
publicity, and where the various so
cieties friendly to the Irish cause have
been active. In such places it was
only necessary to name a campaign
period and the campaign organization
required produced itself with surpris
ing speed. It did not take long to
learn, however, that this desirable
condition does not exist in the same
degree of perfection in every State,
with the result that the work of prep
aration has had to bo undertaken from
the beginning, and those in charge
have asked for the delays they feel
to be necessary to enable them to
perfect their machinery. The uniform
desire is to make the campaign very
thorough and efficient once it is un
Probably the most forward in the
matter of preparation are the terri
tories around New York and Phila
delphia. The active boroughs of
Greater New York, as Is well known,
contain more people of Irish descent
than are to be found in many South
ern or Western States combined. In
these "five boroughs every election dis
trict now has its chosen leader, and
most of them have their precinct lead
ers chosen and at work. The same
is true in the New Jersey cities near
by, and also in the cities and towns
of Connecticut. Based upon Phila­
Plain. People of England Are Ashamed
of Attempts to Crush Republic Ar
ticle in Labor Paper Shows.
A recent issue of the London Dally
Herald proves that the plain people
of England are ashamed of the brutal
treatment of Ireland, under British
rule. One of the questions asked in
the British House of Commons also
bears out this fact. The Attorney
General was asked whether his at
tention had been called to the fact
"that hand grenades have been served
out to Irish policemen, who are being
instructed how to use them against
unarmed crowds."
An article in a recent issue of the
London Daily Herald, entitled
^''French's Tragic Irish Failure," comes
from that paper's special correspond
ent in Dublin and declares that "bri
bery and terror" are the sole policy of
Lord French in Ireland. The article
"Ireland is on the brink. While
there is still time it is essential that
the desperate condition of affairs
should be made known in England.
"Lord French and his chief secre
tary, Mr. Ian Macpherson (the gentle
man who acted as apologist for the
broken promises of the War office
during the latter part of the War),
have long since lost all control of
the Irish population. It is charitable
to believe that they have lost con
trol over their staffs. They have cer
tainly lost all self-control.
Take Last 8emblance of Freedom.
"It is the bare fact that from now
onward even the semblance of free
dom is to be taken from the Irish
people. Habeas corpus disappeared
long ago, owing to the operations of
defense of the realm act. Now comes
the well-informed report that trial by
Jury Is to be suppressed.
"This coarse, It Is explained, has
Bond Certificate
Campaign Now On
Bribery and Terror
Britain's Policy
5c the Copy
delphia, where organisation has also
been perfected down to the smallest
electoral unit, the cities and towns oC
Pennsylvania are rapidly completing
their plans. In other States, av for
example New Hampshire, Vermont,
Nebraska, Idaho, New Mexico, word
has been received that they were all
ready to Btart. In other 8tates the
State and local chairmen were debat
ing orhether they would he able to
begin the canvass on January 17 or
whether, because of various deterrent
influences, not least of which is the
cold weather, it might not be better
to defer the effort until a slightly later
date. In several States the campaign
period will probably be in one of the
early weeks of February.
Perhaps the most formidable of the
difUculties to be faced ariseB from
the fact that it is physically impos
sible to supply the demands that are
made for particular speakers. It
President DeValera could in some way
contrive to multiply his physical ex
istence about fifty (old it would be
possible, in the course of a month
or two, for hiin to appear in person
at all the places where his presence
is earnestly desired. Frank P. Walsh,
Harry Boland, Rev. Dr. Mythen, Rev.
Mr. Lovejoy, Lindsay Crawford, Liam
Mellows and others whoso services as
speakers are tremendously in demand,
would also find life much easier if
they could be in a score or so of
places at once.
The Protestant Friends of Ireland
have been swamped with demands ro*-^
speakers ever since the campaign
opened, and especially since the ar
rival of the delegation from the north
ennier. One difficulty about this J,
is that Coote and the Ulster clergy
men move rather slowly, and there is
natural reluctance, with the spirit of
fair play at the base of it, to discuss
that phase of the subject until they
have had a chance to appear if it is
known that they are scheduled for any
city. Their presence in the country
is well known, however, and their ar
(Continued on page 4)
been adopted because the Government
is convinced that it is no longer pos
sible to secure a conviction against
any person brought to trial for polit
ical offenses. A fine testimony, truly,
to Mr. Macpherson's regime!
"Much is made of the deplorable
attacks—happily very few in number
—which have been made on the lives
of policemen and soldiers. But there
is an extraordinary silence as to the
provocation under which these at
tacks have been made—an extraordin
ary glossing over of the military des
potism that is being maintained In
"I have in my possession statistics
of the various legal outrages which
have been committed on the Irish
people during the first nine months
of the year (1919). They speak for
themselves. In this period seven per
sons have lost their lives at the hands
of the military or police 12 persons
have been deported 332 civilians have
been assaulted by soldiers or police
5,588 raids have been made on private
houses 712 persons have been ar
rested, of whom 698 have been sen-.
tenced 268 proclamations suppress
ing freedom of speech and liberty of
the press have been Issued 23 news
papers have been forbidden publica
tion 227 Oourts-martlal have been
Why Excuse Terrorism?
"The Irish leaders do hot excuse
political crime. They do not excuse
It on the part of their followers: why,
they say, should they excuse terror
Ism more calculated, more sustained:
and more crael en the part of Mr.,
Macpherson? They ask that the factiil
connected with Irish affairs shall
fairly considered by the British peop|*,|
"How Is It, they say, that
who are law-abiding In every country!
bat their own are now np In'i
(Continue? oo p*ge 4)

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