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THE PUBLIC WEAL 804 Sykes Block Minneapolis, Minn. Issuid Monthly by the Prohibition State Committee GEO. F. WELLS, Editor and Msnafler. PRICE 25 CENTS IN ADVANCE. Five Copies, SI.OO. Twelve Copies, $2. Twenty Copies, $3. Thirty-five Copies, $5. To the same or different addresses. To Minneapolis Subscribers 36 cents. Entered as Second-class matter July 19, 1906. at the Port Office at Minneapo lis, Minn., under the Act of Congress of March 3, 1879. The address of W. O. Calderwood, Secretary of the State Prohibition Com mittee is S(f4 Sykes Block. Minneapolis. N. W. Telephone, Main 3964 J-l; Twin City, 10.924. Post Gard Offer Withdrawn The government postal authorities have advised us that we may no long er offer our Post Card premium, on the ground that it is a more valuable premium in proportion to our sub scription price than the postal regula tions allow. Of course this is a disappointment to us, especially as we had just begun our Easter Card campaign. But Uncle Sam is agin’ us and as, at this writing, The Public Weal's gunboats are rather out of repair, we surrender. We continue our great Seed Prem ium Offer. See the description on fourth page. The campaign for new subscriptions must not stop or even slacken. We are rounding the first quarter-pole toward our goal of 5,000 new sub scribers between last November and next November. We need your help and need it now. The Government compels us to withdraw our Card Premium. But it has not abolished the saloon. That is as diabolical as ever. And that is a sufficient reason why you should ask your friends to subscribe for our paper. Editorial A single lady of mature years being asked why she had never married, re plied, “Why should I? I have a stove that smokes, a monkey that chews tobacco and a parrot that can swear.” Now will the horrid men be good? As we have remarked from time to time, the canteen is dead. Once in a while there is a convulsive contraction of the muscles such as sometimes takes place in a corpse, but it is dead. And, by the way, its death is a fore runner of the death of the saloon. The Presbyterian ministers of In dianapolis who endorsed the high license bill then pending but since de feated repudiated the action of their own general assembly and that of the Indiana synod as well. It is well that the union ministers’ meeting came to the defense of true Presbyterianism by denouncing the proposed measure. In one recent, blessed thirty days of the world’s history the South Caro lina dispensary died the death; Ten nessee so extended its prohibition of saloons within four miles of school houses as to practcally blot out the liquor-traffic and an attempted re submission of the prohibition question to a vote of the people failed in Maine and Kansas. The Business Men’s Association of Creston, lowa, reports that out of 100 men who pay their bills promptly only three are drinking men, and 97 per cent of those on the blacklist of per sons refused credit for cause are sa loon-keepers, bartenders and grog-shop patrons. If the liquor issue had no mor al tinge the saloon is doomed. The idea is slowly but surely percolating through the craniums of business men that the institution is one of the direst foes of legitimate business. The American Woman’s Suffrage Association has 160,000 affiliated and 18,000 active members. Dr. Anna H. Shaw, president, says: “In no other year since the ballot was given to the women of Australia have as many women received enfranchisement as in 1906.” Referring to the campaign in Oregon, she says that the chief op posing forces to woman’s enfranchise ment are the organized liquor-traffic and the corporate interests. Of bourse. THE DOOR IS OPEN. The People’s party seems to be pass ing. It has not, however, lived in vain. It has been a factor in compel ing the other parties to take up the fight against enthroned wrongs. The natural home for most Populists is in the Prohibition party. They are large ly opposed radically to the liquor traf fic and in many political divisions their party has declared for its ex termination. The Prohibition party stands for practically every reform advocated by the People’s party which is now approved by the intelligent and candid reformers of today. MAY GET THEIR DUES The Supreme Court of Wisconsin has just decided that the license of any saloon may be revoked for any infraction of the liquor laws. In case a violation of such law is not immedi ately folowed by the revocation of the license in question, the city council may be mandamused and impeached for malfeasance. The machinery of law is getting oiled up for the accomplishment of its real purpose, the prevention and punishment of crime. Before long would-be saloonists will be sent to the penitentiary instead of to the legisla ture. CHARGED WITH ACTIVITY. The saloonists are finding out that the Prohibition party is electing can didates these days and that these of ficals do business as soon as their day of opportunity dawns. Here is “The Wine and Spirit and News,” for instance, which notes “unusual activ ity throughout the country along tem perance and prohibition lines.’ It con tinues: “Wherever the legislatures are in ses sion there is agitation for some sort of temperance legislation so-called. At the last election a number of prohibs were chosen in different states and these are largely responsible for the discussion.” And it is still blacker for the sa loonists further on. SMUTTED BY SMOOT After four years’ “consideration” of the eligibility of Reed Smoot to a seat in the U. S. Senate tne outcome is that he has been allowed to re main by a vote of 42 to 28. As we predicted last month, the issue was determined not by judgment or on principle but according to party exig ency. All but three Democrats voted against Mr. Smoot. Of the 28 adverse votes only nine were cast by Repub licans, Senator Clapp being one of the number. Senator Nelson voted in favor of Mr. Smoot. We suppose this furnishes additional proof that the Prohibition members of the legisla ture should have given him their bal lots! THEY HURT TRADE Sixth street constitutes a part of the Mineapolis patrol limits. Business men on that street in the vicinity of Hennepin and Nicollet avenues are up in arms regarding the proposed open ing of another saloon there. The Tri bune quotes the manager of a large store as saying, “Saloons and cigar stores are parasites in the eyes o! real estate men.* * * * They do not bring desirable trade from our stand point and their patrons are an em barrassment to the women who come to the big stores, and it is after all the women who do the most buying. They buy for themselves and the men in their families.” Where is the saloon wanted any way? BAPTIZED IN LABOR’S NAME. A unique ceremony was that which took place in Chicago recently when, by the forms of baptism, the life of a child was solemnly consecrated to the work of uplifting humanity. We do not understand that the ceremony was looked upon as a rite intended to take the place of that administered by most of the churches. Although under the auspices of the Allied Printing Trades Council, it was performed in a Method ist church by Rev. Dr. Milner, repre senting the department of Church and Labor of the Presbyterian church. We like the Idea. To devote a life to the cause of labor is to consecrate it to the help of humanity. It was Jesus, the carpenter, who said, “Inas much as ye have done it or have not done it unto one of the least of these, ye have done it or have not done it unto Me.” More and more is the world awakening to the fact that whatever emphasis properly may be laid upon belief, it is even more im portant to do as Jesus did than to think as he thought. Great burdens and grievous to be borne rest upon laborers and other classes of humanity THE PUBLIC WEAL. today. The growing relief from those burdens is inspired by a growing spirit of Christlikeness in our rela tions to our fellow men. As never before men are seeking to extend the kingdom of Jesus Christ by throwing such an environment around humanity as will make it easier lor men to do right and harder for them to do wrong. Whatever will dignify honest labor or separate it from evil associations or protect it from robbery by cormor ants, whether licensed or unlicensed, is the Lord’s work and every person who engages in it is to that extent the brother or sister or father or mother of Jesus. WHO IS RESPONSIBLE? If the life story of Evelyn Nesbitt Thaw teaches anything, it teaches that evil associations at questionable places and at unseemly hours over the cup of intoxication is fraught with ut most danger. There is another moral that ought to be drawn. It is one which many will overlook. A multi tude of respectable citizens will hold up their hands in horror at the exist ence of social conditions which make such evils as have been recently chronicled possible. Do they realize that the sale of the drink which has played such an important part in tnese awful events is authorized by law? Do they remember that they in their citizen capacity are law-makers? Do they, not only the citizens of New York city and state but of every state in the Union, know that their ballot for political parties which at state capitals enact laws legalizing the sa loon and at the national capital ar range for raising a revenue from the liquor traffic buttresses the whole business of manufacturing and selling the drink which damns our boys and girls alike? A GOVERNOR’S BREAK. Gov. Buchtel, the new Republican governor of Colorado, the handle of whose name is D. D., L. L. D., said in that portion of his message to the legislature urging the enactment of a local option law, “If a majority of the people in any community want the open saloon they have the right to have it.” No Prohibition candidate for governor would have made such a statement. A learned Indiana judge has just declared that the legislature has no right to legalize the liquor traf fic. This decision seems eminently wise. Whether it shall be upheld by the higher courts or not, the right of the legislature to prohibit the liquor traffic is not questioned. Its duty to do so is equally clear. The protection of the people from the deviltry of the saloon is no six-mile-square job. The legislature is the law-making body of the state. If every voter in a com munity but one favors the saloon, that one has the right to look to the legisla ture for protection for his property and for his life and that of his fam ily from the menace of the saloon. If license is the policy of a given state, the legislature may well empower a community to free itself from the wrong, but to authorize it to vote the enormity upon itself and its citizens, never! REFORMERS MUST UNITE It was Sheriff Pearson, elected on a straight Prohibition ticket, who, though he died in the attempt, closed 400 illegal saloons in the city of Port land, Me. It was Sheriff Bonde of Kandiyohi county, also a Prohibition ist, who is causing the law violators of the city of Willmar to feel the grip of righteous law-enforcement by a fearless official backed by a party or ganized to enforce the law and im prove the law. It was Dr. Swallow, the Prohibitionist, who caused the Pennsylvania Republican gang of treasury looters and Capitol burners to tremble in their boots. But there are others. It was Mayor Jones, the Republican, who, having re spect for his solemn oath of office, closed the doors of the saloons of Mineapolis on Sunday, made home a happier place on the day of rest for thousands of families and saved a million dollars a year to those fam ilies and to legitimate business. And it was Gov. Folk, the Democrat, who grappled with the liquor traffic in St. Louis, the city which is the most notorious violator of the liquor laws on the continent, and compelled them to take a much needed rest one day in seven and it is he who is now striking terror into the ranks of the brewers by urging additional legisla tion to make law-enforcement easier, to extend to St. Louis and Kansas City the privilege of voting out the saloon if they will and to abolish sa loon ownership by the brewers and distillers. What will come of all this? The Republican and Democratic parties give no indication of a purpose to op pose even the lawlessness of the sa loon, much less to array themselves for the overthrow of the law-violating institution. Will the Folks and Joneses (their number is increasing) go back? We believe not. Will they continue to fight each other at the ballot-box over comparatively insignif icant issues while they behold the sa loon, as it is pressed to a corner, unit ing its forces regardless of party? We believe not. They must “get togeth er.” They will unite. Where? We don’t know. Further, we don’t care. We are confident that we speak the mind of the great body of Prohibition ists when we declare their willingness to rally to the Republican party, or to the Democratic party, to help to or ganize a new party or to stay where they are, so that they can be with the largest number of the open enemies of the saloon in a political party open ly and unequivocally committed to its extermination. One thing is clear. For the present, at least, the natural home of every enemy of the saloon is in the Prohibi tion party. The increase of its vote will press the issue to the front. Every ballot cast for it will weigh mightily in the accomplishment of this result. Every vote cast for it means, and is understood to mean these two things: First, I believe that the saloon issue ought to be settled next. Second, the proper way to settle the saloon issue is to extermin ate the saloon. The Prohibition party is in the field not because it can win thus and thus easily or at such and such a time, but because fidelity to right requires that there shall be in the political arena a party committed tp absolute right upon the saloon issue. For the same reason the Prohibition party will stand in its place and fight until the saloon dies. Editors’ Say-So Virginia Pen: Don’t feel lonesome be cause you are left alone. It doesn’t prove that you are left behind! Midway News: There are those who believe that if women were let into the game they would even make politics re spectable. Defender: Venango work is no new scheme, no short cut; it is simply the idea of working tremendously along party lines and keeping at it; and the major part of the whole idea is the keeping at it. Patriot Phalanx: “Saloons must be made to bear the expense.” Was there ever such flimsy reasoning on any other subject palmed off upon the people? Where and from whom and at what cost must the saloons obtain the means to “bear the expense?” Interior: Surely it is worth enthusiasm —this enterprise that proposes to redeem ;ind regenerate a world. A man who glows over the hope of a favorable sale of merchandise —shall he contemplate with calm pulses the wonderful hope of buying back to God the race of humanity? Intercollegiate Statesman: The Scand inavian students in Minnesota are whole hearted in their work against the saloon. They study the problem broadly, debate it intensely, contribute their money and make the best of workers in the practical field as well. The overthrow of the liquor evil is to them a worthy life-purpose. Jus! a Word Men, use your ballot to protect your homes and mothers will be glad to bury their hatchet.—Carry A. Nation. If the traffic in ardent spirits is im moral, then of necessity are the laws which authorize the traffic immoral. And if the laws are immoral, then we must be immoral if we do not protest against them.—Gerritt Smith. We do not pretend that everyone who drinks an occasional glass of wine be comes a drunkard. But we do affirm that everyone who drinks wine throws the whole weight of his influence in favor of the drink customs that do make drunk ards.—Dr. Theo. L. Cuyler. You have no right to luxuriate. If you are Christian men, you should sell your sword and garments, go into your neighbor’s house and start a public opin ion, and rouse and educate the masses. One soul with an idea outweighs nine ty-nine men moved only by interests.— Wendell Phillips. It is not, however, that a man knows that is to be the final step; in the future the question is neither to be how a man was born, how great his wealth nor even what he knows, but how he serves his fellow men. Here is the true, the final, aristocracy which never can be displaced —not what he does for himself, but what he does for others.—Andrew Carnegie.