OCR Interpretation


The Cook County herald. [volume] (Grand Marais, Minn.) 1893-1909, December 12, 1896, Image 1

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90060625/1896-12-12/ed-1/seq-1/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

1
•i
A
a
WASTE IX THE DAIRY.
Poor Cows One of (he Greatest
Causes of Waste.
Tlio first, and perhaps the greatest,
cause of waste, is pool* cows, writer
Mr. Gurler. Everybody knows that it
does not pay to keep poor cows but
almost every dairyman thinks that it
is the other fellow that is keeping the
poor cows, and he is keeping the good
ones, and proceeds to prove it by
pointing out old Bess and Spot and
Cherry. that fill a pail night and morn­
ing. If you ask him what per cent of
butter fat these cows test .lie will an­
swer that he has never tested them,
but that they give rich milk, and
clinches it by adding that his wife says
"there is always a thick cream on tile
milk of .ur cows.''
If you ask him how many pounds of
milk each one of them gives in a year,
he will tell you that he has not kept
au exact account: but lie weighed their
milk one evening in .Tune and tliey
gave about twenty pounds at a milk­
ing. and. as if to definitely settle the
question in favor of the cows, he will
add: "A (f'ow that will «rive twenty
pounds of rich milk night and morn­
ing is a good one." How natural it is
for
us to think our things are the best.
When we are passing judgment upon
our own things we magnify virtues
and excuse and belittle faults and
bring in a verdict of approval and de­
ceive ourselves into believing it. It'
we would test our cows fairly with the
scales and the Babcock test, and keep
books on each animal, not for a day or
a week, but for a vear. and strike a
balance, we would know the quality of
our cows, and know which one to keep
and which one to sell. Wo should un­
deceive ourselves.—Western Plowman.
Look Into These Details.
One of the mistakes a writer calls at­
tention to is worth pondering by people
with one or two good cows, who nre
longing to go into the dairy business
«n a large scale. One starts with a sin­
gle cow. In a year she makes 230
pouuds of butter, raises a rait' worth
$10 to $25. a pig worth $," to $10.
After figuring, lie finds a clear annual
profit on this one cow of say $1K. He
commences figuring as to results with,
say. twenty cows—$2,000 "profit. He
gets that number, and finds himself at
the end of a year or two almost
swamped, and can't say really why.
Here are some points to consider:
The first step is to carefully test each
cow separately: you may find that
some of your heaviest milkers are not
paying their way. Then ascertain
whether your cows churn together, for
while the professional creamerymen.
ripening cream on strictly scientific
principles, can get practically all the
fat out of the cream, there is many a
one that has fed. milked and cared for
a cow for the whole year and not
churned twenty-live pounds of butter
from her. Then find how much feed
eaeh'eow will bear, and make a profit­
able return, and this can only be dime
by careful experiment and the study­
ing of what makes a balanced ration.
In experimenting on lliis line you
will soon see that at piesent prices you
may feed a cow at the rate of $."( a
year and get no moie return than by
properly feeding at the rate of $:n a
year: and. further, you will soon find
1 hat. while you can't feed fat into milk
—that is. that a given cow will give
milk of the same richmss whi ther you
feed her hay alone, or hay and grain,
roots and silage—that the feed of dif­
ferent kinds will make a great differ­
ence in the cliurnability of the cream,
and many will mistrke for a while th"
difference in cliurnability foi actual
difference in fat in the milk.—New
York Fanner.
Stay Ujtho Cows.
"We do not say that cheese will ever
sell again at 11 cents and butter at .~r
cents per pound, but we do distinctly
remember drawing cheese to the mar­
ket in October—the summer's make
and selling them at 4 cents and the
butter at 1) cents per pound, and that
is very much below the sums realized
for the same articles now."' says the
Practical Farmer. "True, it was then
that Australia, Sweden. Denmark and
the Argentine Republic had not been
discovered—as dairy countries—and
they are competitors now ,as well as
the vast Western country, that now
produces the greater half of our dairy
produce. But up to a recent period
less than
TWO
years—the demand kept
up with the .supply. There are just as
many people now anil not quite so
many cows. 'When the mills start' we
believe the pendulum will swing back
a good part of the way and fair prices
will again obtain, and if the man has
in the meantime shifted around so to
have better cows, has cheapened their
cost of keep about half, which ho can
do. and uses better appliances in man­
ufacture. the prices obtained will put
him about where he was before the
•drop.' That is to say. don't sacrifice
good cows to go out of dairying. Stay
in with fewer but greatly better cows.
The dairy business cannot be suddenly
boomed if prices should go skyward.
Cows have to be raised, and it takes
three years at the best to do this, and
half of them will be of little value bred
as the.v would be. With the prices as
they are, cows aire tli? best selling
stock we have, and most in demand.
Cows are selling for full 181)3 prices,
and what is commendable about it is
that they are of the bc-tter class, as
'scrubs' are not wanted, a hopeful sign
in itself."
Slow Progreas.
Someone has said that, although
preached .1,800 years ago, the Sermon
on the Mount has not yet converted the
whole world, and it is quite as true
that the dairy word, preached by hun­
dreds of dairymen, is not fully heeded
by the great mass of dairymen. While
here and there localities are awake to
the importance of the best dairy know­
ledge. and are awake to put these
things into practice, and scattered here
and there are farmers as alert and act­
ive, it must be admitted that tli^ great
masses are not as yet reached, or.
reached, are still unheeding. It seems
strange that the t-.vo great and import­
ant things, the two that bring the suc­
cess to the dairy, a better cow and a
cow cheaper fed. are too often the very
last things considered. With thousands
high prices present the only solution,
and so men still milk cows on a 3,000
and 4.000-pound milk yield, and feed
them expensive hay. and milk in the
hot months, and deplore the fact that
dairying is not what it used to be.
Along this very line is another inex
plainable tiling that, as prices go down,
interest in the dairy often lags, and the
milk or cream sent to the factory
shews a falling off in not only amount,
but quality and care, when low prices
should bring out every exertion possi­
ble to not only have as much or more
milk, but that its care should cause it
to be delivered at the factory in ilie
finest possible condition, so that the
most fancy goods could be made from
it. To remedy these neglects is the
work of the patient, ever-teaching, ev­
er-progressive dairyman. It needs line
upon line, precept upon precept, the
story told and retold, and wearying not
in its repetition.
Raising: the Heifer Calf.
Fall calves will soon arrive, and with
them the question what to dc with
them. AVith butter at 15 cents, there
does not seem much reason for raising
them, but if there is good reason to
believe that the calf will lvrke a good
cow. we would hesitate quite a wlfie
before we consigned it to the shambles.
Eve now. if you start out to buy a
first-class cow, you will find that that
kind of stock comes relatively higher
Mian any other. There is less prospoot
of dairy goods bcirg lower than there
is of any other kind of farm produce,
says National Stockman. We may all
pitch in and put in an extra crop of po­
tatoes. and send the price down to be­
low cost: but it tal:-'S a certain amount
of time to increase the numlcr of cows
in the country, and these are not the
times that will make the farmer grow
calves where they have been in the
habit of selling them. So we may at
least look for prices to go no lower,
and with .. fair prospect of going a lit­
tle higher.
But if the calf is not a good one. it.
would be better to knock it on the head
and feed the carcass to the chickens
rather than raise it for the dairy. It
does not cost ." cent-4" more to raise a
good calf than it does a poor one. and
the cow that will make 300 pounds of
butter a year has eaten no more up to
the time she drops her first calf than
the one that will make only 140. There
is not a fortune in the dairy business,
in any event, but if we raise calves
from poor
enws
up our future herd. there is a loss.
Dairy Notes.
Milk of anv kind i--. a good poultrv
food. 'I
Warm quarto are essential in win­
ter dairying.
The less milk coals after settling tlie
more quickly it sours.
Good cream rising means keeping the
milk sweet as long as possible.
We want milch cows neither fat nor
lean, but half way between
It will not pay to winter a cow that
does not make a good milk showing on
grass.
There is not one cow in fifty but
what might do better in milk yield if
she had more to cat and drink.
A really good dairy cow. as long as
she is giving a good flow of milk, no
matter how well fed. will not get fat.
From this time oil cows should be
well sheltered at night and cn stormy
days.
Remember that with cows, as with
other stock, a good animal may be
readily spoiled by bad management.
The farmer who wants to have good
cows must raise the calves from their
best cows bred to thoroughbred bulls
of good dairy breeds.
Under ordinary conditions cows will
change from day to day in the amount
of solids in their milk and especially in
the amount of butter fats.
What makes a specific dairy cow the
most profitable is the fact that she
turns her energies in the right direc­
tion.
At this time especially it is much
easier to let c-ows shrink in their milk
than to persuade them to swell the
milk flow.
While wheat bran is considered ex­
cellent to make cows give a large mess
of milk, butter makers claim that it
does not furnish just the right ma­
terial alone.
As food is indispensable for the pro­
duction of rick milk, it only remains to
adjust tlio rations to the ability of the
cow to digest it auil to run' it into
profit.
There are about 17.000.000 cows in
this country, or one to every four in­
habitants one cow. however, furnishes
the milk, butter and cheese for more
than four persons, as large quantities
of dairy products are ••xporced
One hundred pouuds of good milk
contains about the following amounts
of the different constituents- Eighty
seven pouuds of water. 4 pounds of fat.
5 pounds of milk sugar. 3.3 pounds of
casein and albumen anil 0.7 pounds of
mineral matter or salts.
BEST RANGE CATTLE.
Beef Cattle of the States Are Retro-
Krading.
A few years ago the beef cattle sent
to market from the states east of the
Missouri river were very much better
than the class sent from the range dis­
tricts. This condition is rapidly chang­
ing. The beef cattle of the states are
not being improved. They are ratliqr
retrograding. On the other hand our
range cattle are bein improved so that
in the near future, if the present trend
of events continues, the range cattle
will pass the states cattle, and will be
ahead in excellence. The states still
hold the front rank for herds of pure
bred beef cattle. There are herds in
Missouri, for instance, that cannot be
excelled, yet those cattle are bred there
and the best of the product comes to
the range districts.
When the Western ranchman goes
East, to buy breeders with which to im­
prove his herd he always chooses the
best. He does not quibble as to the
price. lie declares that the best are
none too good, and that class he must
and will have. On the other hand, the
farmer in the Central states, relying
upon the grades of his cows, demands
a cheaper bull, often taking a grade
with uncertain breeding rather than se­
lecting a pure bred oue at the higher
price. This method has been in vogue
for ten or twelve years, and it is start­
ling what a wonderful effect it has
had. To verify this statement ask the
breeders of pure bred cattle. They
will uniformly say that the bulls are
sold to the ranchman. !K) to 05 pc-r cent
of them, and all the best ones, except
au occasional animal sold to a l'ellosv
breeder who likewise is prcpogatiug
cattle for the ranges.
These statements are not overdrawn.
In fair, they are net all the fartc.ru
lhat enter in to depreciate the beef cat­
tle. as a class, in the states. As a rule
their cattle are crossed and mixed till
they partake largely of the mongrel,
which is but a step removed from the
scrub. They have a sprinkling of the
Shorthorn, Hereford. Aberdeen-Angus
or Calloway. and perhaps s.,me Jersey
or Ilolstein. Now. while each of these
breeds is excellent in its class, an in­
discriminate mixture destroys the type
of all .the tension of high breeding is
removed and the road to scrubihxn is
.certainly aloug that way. Cross bred
animals are oftentimes good individu­
ally. but to piv.p .gate from them is in
violation of the most vital anil valu­
able principles of stock breeding. AVith
all the best types of pure bred Eastern
stock coming out West to replenish our
great range herds it does not require
much argument to show that our cat­
tle are bound to be greatly benefited as
the years go by and that the best and
purest stock on the American continent
will in a few years be found on our
langes.—(}. AY. Waters in Field and
Farm.
from which to make
Silage for Fattening? Cattle.
The Cook County Herald.
VOLUME V. GRAND MARAIS, MINN SATURDAY, DECEMBER 12, 1896. NUMBER 27
Our experiment stations have shown
that silage made from Indian corn has
a feeding value not materially different
from that of well cured, dry fodder,
the difference, where noted, generally
being slightly in favor of the silage. It
has also been shown by those stations
that corn suffers very material loss in
its dry matrer. not only while curing.
but afterward, while standing in Hie
shock. It seems that there are slew
fermentations going on all the time,
and these, together with mechanical I
losses, amount to a very considerable 1
depreciation from month to month. As
our knowledge of the silo and silage
increases we are gradually reducing
the losses incident to storing corn in
the pit. so that it now seems possible
that the silo will save more feed from
a given corn field than can be accom­
plished by cutting and shocking the
stalks, or even by cutting, shocking
and housing the same.
AVith the results favorable to the silo
by a very small per cent, the advocates
of this system of feeding are left to
other claimed advantages. It is cer­
tain that good silage is more palatable
as a part feed, at least with cattle,
than is dry fodder, Cattle always show
a strong liking for succulent food.
Good feeders know that it is important
to give their animals for provender
those foods or combinations which are
highly attractive to them. In this par­
ticular silage leads.
In the second place, comes economy
of storage and handling. Our farmers
of AA'isconsin who are the most experi­
enced. now dispose of a ton of green
corn fodder into the silo at a wonder­
fully small cost. The stalks are cut by
machinery loaded on the trucks, run
through large feed ci iters, hoisted by
an elevator into the silo pit at a rapid
rate and a minimum amount of man
labor. Our silos are now so construct­
ed that they last a generation, and are
filled so that there is practically no
waste silage excepting a little at the
top of the pit. Farmers who are up to
the times in this state aret much
pleased with the silo, and new silos are
being built in our advanced dairy dis­
tricts every year. I cannot report any
recent experience with feeding silage
to steers, and so cannot give our corre­
spondent the definite information in
that regard which he desires
In general it may be said that '.inutil­
ity of the silo conies from its adjust­
ment to other conditions on the farm.
AVith clover anil pea hay for roughness
and crushed corn and cottou seed for
grain, our inquirer has very cheap
feed indeed, and I should spend some
time going over the matter of the silo,
its construction and how to use it eco
nomically for food storage, before I
constructed it or relied upon silage
made from corn or a substitute in any
measure for the food articles before
named. Feed is cheap at the South,
and farm animals are not forced
TO
subsist on dry fodder for any very long
period. This would seem to make the
silo of less necessity there than in
AA'isconsin, where our stock has not
over six months' run on pasture.--Prof.
Henry, in Breeders' Gazette.
Eggs or Meat.
Some persons are at a loss to know
whether to raise chickens for the mar­
ket or keep hens for eggs only. AA'e say
to such persons that both industries
may be engaged in. as the one is done
at one season of the year and the other
at a different period. AA'e may. at this
stage of improvement, separate chicks
for the early market from those of the
production of eggs only .by reason of
the fact that the invention of incuba­
tors lias entirely changed the market
for broilers by placing the supply with­
in the province of the poultrynran.
AYhile all poultrymen aril farmer
laise chicks in the spring, it is brcau.se
.at that season the hens are more in­
clined to become broody. lv.it th proper
period for ha telling is in the late fali
ol' winter, which is also the me ot suita­
ble season for incubators. The preat
cC o'.acles to the predr.etion of early
broileis is that the liens will not iil
cebate until they are ready to do in
their own accord. By the use rh
ircubatur chicks can be hatched at any
time. It will thus be seen that th? ic
has nothing to do with the o'.lmr. ail
that is dependent en the hen b?ing tiio
eggs, and in that rescuer she has ni
substitute. By a division of tli
1
twj
industries. for ar the present iv arti­
ficial incubation is a great industry,
the laying of the eggs is done at the
least expense in mouths folk wing
March and ending when moulting be­
gins. while hatching and raising chicks
is done from the moulting reason ilil
March ends. Here we have the year
divided into two periods and into "two
separate industries, both of which give
better results than either alone. The
incubator cannot lay the eggs, but can
hatch them, while the hen can lay the
eggs, but will not hatch them until she
prefers to do so. nor will she at in
concert with her conriaiiions, as one or
two hens may be willing and the ei
crs refine.—Poultry Keeper.
Rnlsino Hos'S.
The swine breeder c? experience In*
learned that if he is a good stock o."
good pigs ready for sale when the pe
pie begin to awaken to the merits ot
swine, he reap his reward.
Poultry net makes a perfect hog-:.
fence if a ^tout board be nailed aleng
the bottom and ail occasional post be
set so that the hogs may have nibbing
places. For a small yard net is no(
suitable1, as the hogs are resiles in
close confinement. '1 hey ought to hare
a good range al ways.
Can pork be raised sit a profit wh
.1
prices sire bur 41- stud ." coats per
pound'." Not by any haphazard pro­
cess. But the csireful breeder and sys­
tematic feeder can do it: he i^ doing i(.
suicl instead cf being discouraged tho.-\
times of low prices is improving his
stock, making new qosirters ami get­
ting ready for the boom which su
to recur every fi year -.
It is fall .smd pig- are n,t s: expen­
sive as in the spring prices are low
than for some years also. Everytliiu
points to the fact that even si poor man
may stock up with choice th-rough
bred^. Started new he ouj.hr to
nicely fixed in three years, a go xl
way to srart is to buy two ar tlrr.1
gc :1. blooded shoates or young ,ws.
stud have ihem j-tint* a sire of es­
tablished pedigree, smd then raise
them, repeating the process.--Farm
Journal.
Stocli Notes.
Too much feed is s!S ad sis too lit
1 le.
Ieh'-rued cattle are preferred in the
markets.
The lie'.so blanket in winter saves its
cust by ssiving feed, to ssiy nothing of
the comfort to the horse.
Patch the holes and cracks in the
barn. Remember that the animal heat
has to be kept up by feed, and the
colder the barn the ire feed it taker-.
The driver who will jerk a roe's
mouth is out cf place when driving a
horse. The mouth is not for that pur­
pose.
Barbed wire fencing bas done lots of
damage to stock. There ought always
to be a slight ditch along barbed wire
fencing where stock runs. The stock
will not go over the ilitcli.
A prominent swine breeder has said
hat if you had but live females, and
they would raise two litters of pigs a
year of five each, in five yearo the re­
sult would be 2.000.000 of pigs.
Scientific breeding consists in real­
izing the greatest increase in the
weight of the animal at the least cost
as can be easily digested and give the
of so doing. Such fat-producing foods
greatest warmth fatten quickest.
Cattle will shrink more in one cold
rain or snow storm than they will gain
back in a week or ten days of good
weather, after causing enough loss in
labor, feed and time to have paid the
expense of furnishing shelter for the
entire winter.
The Montana experiment station has
spayed a large number of mares .and
finds it quite a simple and safe opera­
tion. The spayed mares, it is said, sire
more tractable, keep in better condi­
tion than other mares and are equal to
geldings in form, courage and endur­
ance.
A veteran broncho breaker gives the
following as si sure way to cure a horse
of kicking: "Tie one of his forelegs
with a rope to his hind leg on the other
side. As soon as he starts to kick he
jerks his front leg off 'the ground and
he goes down in a heap. Two or three
doses of that kind will cure tho worst
case you can find."
A Bright Iowa Boy.
One of our boys wrlio does not own a
watch writes about how he tells the
time of elay. He works in a wheat ele­
vator in an Iowa town. A big window
almost fills one side of his little office.
Into the corner of the winelow e-reeps
the early sunlight in the morning and
it shines in all day long and creeps out
of the other corner in the evening. On
the floor where the edge of the shadow
from the sash falls just at noon our
boy has placed a long chalk mark and
a little further away there is another
mark for 1 o'clock, anil so on up to
six. The forenoon is similarly divided
on the floor. Each day by simply look­
ing at the edge of the sun's light he
can tell what time it is. Once in two
weeks he changes all these marks be­
cause the shadows change as the sun
gets higher in the spring or lower in
the fall.
This clever device—any of you may
use it—suggest^ the way that the nsi
tives of Liberia, in Africa, who have
no clocks, tell the time. They take the
kernels from the nuts of the candle
tree and wash and string them on the
rib of a palm leaf. The first or top
kernel is then lighted. All of the ker­
nels are of the same size and sub­
stance. smd each will burn a certain
number olT minutes and then set lire
to the one next below. The natives tie
pieces of black cloth at regular inter­
vals along the string to mark the di­
vision of time. Among the natives of
Singar. in the Malay archipelago, an­
other peculiar device is used. Two
bottles are placed neck and neck, and
sand is put in one of them, which
pours itself into the other eveiy half
hour, when the bottles are reversed.—
Chicago Record.
San«l Serpents.
This name was given by an imagin­
ative trsiveder to the wonderful col­
umns of whirling sand that are so fre­
quently seen on the great plains of
Central Asia.
Fancy what a terrible country to
journey through! For miles auil miles
one unbroken stretch of dreary sand,
nothing to break the monotony, noth­
ing to rest the eyes, unless one of these
fantastic exhibitions, which, knowing
the discomfort and the danger, a trav­
eler would rather not see, takes place.
The first signal is a puff of wind, fol­
lowed by various slight disturbances
in the loose soil roundabout then it
blows harder, and. as if a legion of
evil things lisid been called from the
center of the earth, tiny columns of
sand lift themselves, and grow larger
and larger and rise higher and higher,
like the misty giant Sinbsul the Sailor
loosed from the great caldron lie found
in the sea.
These columns have the form of ser­
pents, and all the waving sinuous mo­
tions of those terrible creatures. Some­
times they will rise to a height of fifty,
a-'ixty. anil, if we may believe the testi­
mony of some writers, even two hun­
dred feet. They sweep over immense
stretches, sometimes singly, sometimes
in groups, gathering size and force as
they go. and then, as the wind lowers,
diminish and dwindle into nothingness
But for the terror of being caught in
one of these sandstorms and being
blown and beaten sib.nit smd having
one's sight and hearing almost destry
eil. the phenomenon would be aim st
sis grand as any in nature. One could
fsiney the evil spirits of the world at
play, writhing .twisting, wrestling and
exercising their mighty strength on the
playground of the desert.
The Porcupine.
The porcupine, widely scattered over
the world, unlike the rest of the rodeu
tia or gnawing animals, is remarkably
slow in its movements, and never at­
tempts to get out of the way ol" sin
enemy: nature, however, has pret *cto 1
it from sitrack by covering its body
with an impenetrable coat of moil,
bristling with bayonets but for this,
its helplessness would soon csiuse it to
be exterminated by the lynx and the
oat. This harmless animal has been
the subject of much fabulous exagger­
ation. It cannot project its quills from
'its sides, as arrows from a bow. as
(sot v' historians have gravely asserted
and. in spite of Shakespeare's insinu­
ation to the contrary, it is not fretful
in its disposition, for if left to its soli­
tary haunts, no animal of the forest is
more happy in the enjoyment of its
humble life. Its quills vary from six
to fourteen inches in length, and are
much esteemed, both by savage and
civilized people, for various useful pur­
poses to which they can be applied.
As weapons of defense they protect
the animal from the prowess of the
grizzly bear, as well as from the fox
and lynx.
The porcupine lives upon the bark of
trees and it seldom leaves one that it
has selected for food until it strips
trunk and limbs of their covering. So
destructive are they on forest vegeta­
tion that a small number of tliem will
make a. neighborhood appear as if it
had been scathed with fire—one porcu­
pine in a single winter destroying 100
trees.
A Vegetable Pistol.
But the most remarkable instance of
this method of scattering the seeeds
(shooting tliem from the pod) is afford­
ed by Hura cropitsjlis. a handsome
tree, native of the forests of
South
America. The curious fruit of this
Jree is somewhat flattened, deeply fur­
rowed or fluted body, made up of a cir­
cle of many cells, each containing one
seed. AA'hen the seeeds are ripe the
cells open and expel them with, a loud
report, like the crack of a pistol. He-nee
the fruit is sometimes called the "mon­
key's dinner bell."
Stories have been told of Hura fruits
being placed in desks and subsequent­
ly opening and discharging their seeds
with such violence as to break ink­
wells. and even to crack the wood of
the desk.—"How Plants Spread." by
Thomas H. Kearney, Jr., in the St.
Nicholas.
THE LARGEST KITE.
Fifteen Feet High and Pnlla a. Tliott*
sand Pounds.
AV. G. Grace, the famous Englislj
cricketer, has claims upon the public
attention other than those tbat are due
to s„.ll at the "wickets." Mr. Grace
has a grandfather, Mr. George Pea­
cock by name, who is a high flyer.
That is to say. Mr. Peacock dotes on
kites. Kites have a pull of a most
pronounced kind on his affections and
ingenuity.
Mr. Peacock has constructed a kite
that is a fitting finale to a career that
has been permeated with these aerial
machine's. This kite is a "corker'" antl
a wonder. It is said to be the largest
single plane kite ever built. In point
of superficial a rest some kites on tiiis
side of the water more than rival it,
but is is undeniably the biggest thing
in kites of the conventional form—that
form dear to boyhood's days.
MINNESO
HfSTORI
The monster kite is fifteen feet in
height and twelve feet across the chest
at the broadest part. The frame and
ribs are made of layers of lancewood,
put together on the principle of car
risige springs. Light csuivas forms the
covering of the kite, anil its tail in­
formed of si series of wooden rings,
which, by sin ingenious contrivance,
can be lsiised and lowered at the will
of the flyer, so as to alter the center of
gravity.
The old gentleman says that, in a
moderate wind his kite can develop an
aetusil pull of about l.OOO pounds. He
has demonstrated the truth of his
stsiteinent by harnessing the kite to an
ordinary four-wheeled village cart, and
permitting himself to be dragged along
by his Pegasus. As si demonstration,
the experiments on the line indicated
were a complete success. In other
wsiys they were nit so satisfsictory.
The kite took no heed of the turns of
the highways near Bristol. England,
where Mr. Peacock lives. Ou general
occasions it insisted, in spite of its
steering gear, in keeping the undeviat
ing tenor of its way. The results to
spectators was decidedly interesting.
An obese and elderly gentleman at
tsiched to an irresponsible vehicle in­
sists on plunging through hedges and
crawling up steep banks is a ectsicle
provocative of laughter. Mr. iVacock.
now rides only on the Bristol downs,
where he permits himself anil his car­
riage to wander sit the kite's sweet
will.
During his walks abroad with his
kite the inventor is always accompa­
nied by a crowd of small lioys. with­
out the aid of which Mr. PesicockY. ex­
periment would not l»e possible. It i»
an easy tiling to get the kite in the air,
but it is si matter of thirty to forty
small boy power to haul it down again.'
And so the problem of the existence of
the small boy lias been partially
colved.—New York Herald.
LIVERPOOL'S GREAT FIRE.
It Cost Nearly I-"ory Hum
Through a Panic.
A terrible disaster, causing the loss
of i.early forty lives, happened on Oct.
11. 1S7S. at Liverpool, through a sud­
den panic and crush occurring in a
crowded music hall, the Colosseum, in
Paradise street, which was nightly
thronged with si eo ipany of the poorer
classes listening to si musical perform­
ance. About S:2(». as Fred Coyne was
singing si comic -ng. a fight took place
in the corner of the pit under ilic gal­
lery. Tin* disUirliar.ee increased, and
these taking part in it could not be
seen from every part of the house.
Some one raised the cry of "Fire'. A
great stampede ensued, and a rush
was made to the doors, and in si fe%y
minutes a large number of peoplt were
tiamp-led under f'ot. being urable to
escape from the building, the doors of
which seem sit first ro have been closed.
There were no less than six availsible
exits, but the frightened audience hast­
ened to the one leading to Paradise
street. As the free passsige of the peo­
ple there was interfered with by an
upright ill the center of the doorway,
there was st complete block. Hun­
dreds rushed down from the gallery,
others slid down the pillars on the
heads of those in the pit. The police,
seeing the shrieking crowd trying to
emerge from the building, endeavored
to persuade them to liolil back, but in
vain: the loss of life would have Iwea
greater had not a policeman cut down
a partition with an ax. and thus en­
larged the exit.
At length order was restored sind the
people made their way out. of the main
door, as well as by the other exits but.
the panic, however, though brief in
duration, had done its worst in a few
minutes thirty-seven dead and a num­
ber of injured persons were carried in­
to the street. Few bore marks of out­
ward injuries, but their torn clothes
showed how severe had been the strug­
gle death had resulted from suffoca­
tion. As fast as possible the injured
were placed in cabs anil taken to the
Royal infirmary, amid a scene of great
excitement. The fire engine and es­
cape arrived, and the firemen, joining
with the police, entered the building to
reassure the people. The performance
was. of course, stopped, and the builel
ing taken possession of by the police.—
Spare Moments.
Tccnmscli's Cones.
The bones of old Tecum&eh, Skeleton
No. lit of the McKees Rock mound,
are lying in state in si glass case in the
Carnegie museum. Around the neck
are the bone beads and ornaments,
just as they were dug from the earth.
AVhcu Andrew Carnegie views the re­
mains next Thursday at 2 o'clock, this
inscription will tell him what he is
looking at:
"This skeleton was found fifteen feet
and four inches from the top, anil near
vlie ciuter of the the mound. From its
position and the number of ita orna­
ments. implements and weapons found
with this skeleton, it is inferred that
this is the warrior for whom tlie
mound was built."'
SOCIETY
matia
Live»

xml | txt