Newspaper Page Text
B:-'V VOLUME XIV. ruTRHusa Tiitm^RLDT PROOREJJ Gold from Sea Water. Tho dreary of the alchemist still Jives. Who can make gold from base metals? Who can transform the hid den elements in water? Liversidge has estimated that the ocean contains from 130 to 260 tons of gold per cubic mile, or a total of 100,000,000,000 tons but if this be divided by 100 the value would still be $697,711,000,000,000, while M. de Wilde, of Brussels, finds thar all of the gold mined up to the present time would not form a cube more than thirty feet square, repre senting a value of $13,559,946,000. M. de "Cvilde has a new method of sep aration, from which he expects great results. He treats ocean water with concentrated solution of salt of tin, which transforms the gold into purple of Cassius, an oxide of gold and tin, and this is fixed by hydrate of mag nesia. which is liberated from the sea water on adding lime water. The hy drate of magnesia has been charged with as much as 15 per cent, of gold, which is removed with cyanide of potassium solution. New Shoe Eyelet. Several new designs in shoe hooks have been patented at different times, but the hook now universally used has proved so practical and useful that at tempts to supplant it have proven failures. It would be difficult to im prove on its construction, but a Wis consin inventor thinks he has an im proved shoe eyelet, which should be popular. In his design the lower eye lets are the same as those generally used, the improvement being in the Eyelet Cut Out of the Leather. upper eyelets. These latter are sim ilar to the round eyelets, except that they are open on the upper side to re ceive the lacing. The eyelets are re-enforced by a tongue which is tapered at the end so that it can be passed through the leather and clenched on the under side oi' the shoe, a metallic plate being in serted between the outer and inner facings of the leather. This plate cor responds in shape to the eyelet open ing in the leather, this consisting of a slot with a bell-shaped mouth. A series of these slots near the edges of the leather from a series of tongues. In lacing up the shoe the lacing cord is drawn through the slots into the eyelets and then across the lacing slit of the shoe to the eyelet on the other side, so that the cord passes under the lower portion of the tongue and over the upper portion. This naturally presses the eyelet against the foot of the wearer and prevents it frqm be ing bent out of position. The inter vening plate re-enforces the leather around the eyelet and prevents it from tearing out, giving rigidity to the fas tening. Lightning Penetrates Solid Rock. An English scientific writer, in dis cussing the. phenomenal actions of lightning, says that sometimes when this mysterious electrical element is in action it has a tendency to drill. It will drill the hardest rock rock which would turn cold steel and not only drill but vitrify it. They have found in Cumberland channels thirty feet deep and from two to four inches in circumference. The interior w%s hard and glazed where the solid sub stance had been melted by the stab bing flashes. Artificial experiment has shown that a powerful shock from a battery will vitrify finely powdered glass, but not felspar or quartz. The lightning, however, does it in the man ner described—not in one place, but in many, showing that before striking the ground it divided into several branches, each strong enough to pene trate and liquify the solid rock. Claim Largest Pair of Oxen. E. S. Rand & Son, farmers, of Stet son, Me., claim to own the largest pair of oxen in the world. They weigh 8.600 pounds and girt nine and' half feet.:: .. PROPEft HOUSING OP .POULTRY Ideal Arrangement'for the Care, of Feathered Pets. Will you kindly give a plan Of poul try house for about twenty hens? What is the best method of heating a poultry house? For twenty hens try a house aoovs! ft 0 3"CuriiV _2 A. fliam. cost more a 15x12 arranged as per pattern above. Three feet is allowed for the passageway, if house is so arranged. By this method of arrangement the cleaning of the platform and collecting of the eggs is done from the passageway. It is the plan adopted by the Truro, N. S., Agricultural college. The passageway should be on the north side of the building, so permitting of the window WIIM Ut eMM KCTIOft AC LEY MOOSTINS PCN I 1 being on the south side. A curtain oi light cotton comes down in front oi the roosts for use in cold sections. Cement Well Sewer Pipe. 1. How much Portland cement will it take for a round well 4 feet across. 2. How much water will a sewer pipe hold 2 feet diameter, and 2 feet long 3. Are glazed sewer pipes any good for curbing a well? 1. For a round concrete wall 4x12, wall six inches thick it would take gravel 2y2 yards Portl^pd cement three barrels, mix six part gravel to one part cement. eter and two feet long will hold thir ty-seven gallons. 3. Would advise the use of con crete tile for curbing a well, as th&y are more durable. A good quality of glazed sewer tile will stand frost, but are not generally used for well curb ing. Cost of Cottage. Will you give as near as possible the cost of a cottage, to be built of cement blocks? Would a frame house be much cheaper? Would you advise having cement blocks or stone for the cellar? Are slates much dearer than shingles? Would advise that the main body of the house be made 26 feet by 30 feet. This would allow wider verandas and would make the front bedroom large enough for a sitting room if desired. Cement blocks will cost more than either brick or frame, if the work is properly done. It would be cheaper to build the foundation of cement, concrete or stone. When stone is plentiful they are cheapest. Slates than twice as much as shingles, but. if the roof is built strong enough they are more durable. This building could be built of cement blocks for about $1,050. Cracks in Cement Floor. Last fall a cement floor was laid down in a stable and more than usual care was given to the preparation of the foundation. It has cracked in two or three places and has left the sill half an inch all the way around. How can the cracks be repaired? From the information given it would seem that the floor has been cracked by the frost heaving it or else it has settled by not having the grading or filling thoroughly packed down before laying the floor. As to the cracks along sills, these will occur, as dement will not adhere to wood. To fill the cracks, first thoroughly clean the floor and cracks, then, if crack is large, mix two parts sand and one part cement together, having it soft. Dampen crack and fill in with the mortar. If crack is small, use neat Portland cement mixed soft and -run into crack. Will you give a plan for the interior arrangement of ventilation of a poultry house 40 feet by 17 feet to be divided into three or four sections so as to ac commodate 75 to 80 wish to have a birds. This meas urement includes scratching shed, the house proper being 10 feet wide. I 3x4 feet window In Plan of Alley and Roosting Pen. the roof of the scratching shed, one over each section. The plan given herewith will give an idea of how to proceed. -On fine days In winter the window can be opened. There is wire netting in front of the frame to keep the fowls *"V1 4 Embroidery Done in Chinese. Crepe de chine naturally suggests Chinese embroideries, and there are some really exquisite examples of this work shown in waists that are sup posed to be suitable for almost any wear. One in white shows a flight of cranes all -across the front, the whole thing worked in white on the white ground, the blouse fastening In the back so that the fronts are left "whole and unbroken for the display of the exquisite needlework. Another in a dull blue one seam crepe de chine has a dado of flag lilies in the natural tones of purple and green rush leaves, ine combination oi soft blues and purples being extreme ly good, while a similar one in pale green is decorated' with water lilies. Since all of this work is executed by hand one can guess that the price de manded runs close up to three figures for the finished blouse. White and Black. Now that the time has arrived that a coat or wrap of some sort is a neces sity as well as a luxury, the woman who neglected this item of her ward robe is busily supplying the defi ciency. There is nothing surprisingly novel in this line and the newest coats are all empire models, which promise, to be exceedingly modish and popular for winter wear. A charming and practical wrap of this sort is in white cloth, with a double collar and belt of same material and inset collar and cuffs of black velvet. The latter is headed by a hand of Oriental embroid ery, which also makes the revers down front of coat. Two fancy buttons effect a closing for the belt. Velvety Cream Gravies. Corn starch is better than flour, and two eggs are equal to a tablespoonful of flour for thickening sauces. Sauces may be very easily varied in this way. French and German cooks decry the American way of thickening so often with flour and so seldom with eggs. Petunia red etamine, with medallions of red velvet, braided with soutache. Washable Flannels, All the new flannels are so woven that they may be washed without fear of undue shrinkage, and the col orings, being woven in pattern rathei than printed, are guaranteed to be of absolutely fast character. A clever use of one of the new flannels is sug gested in the illustration. A white ground is striped with a plaid pat tern, the plaid showing tones of rose and geranium red. A series of little tucks covering both appears in the front and the back is similarly disposed of. Large pearl buttons make the fastening down the front box plait, and two are linked together with a cord to hold the rollback cuff together at the wrist. The slepve is very full at the top, narrowing to a fairly close fit at the elbow, and with .the rollover cuff developed in the pliaid. Puje Talk.' Although it is early to talk of furs, still the styles are distinctly outlined by this time. Furs will be worn in the shape of coats, as usual. But the most sensational tidings of the season will be found in the fur trimmings. These are varied and beautiful, and fancy has run quite riot in the planning of the fur modes. One of the prettiest of fur trim mings is the fur jrosptte, which will be worn a great deal this year. This is made by setting a handsome jeweled tratto* in the Jhiddle of apiece pt fine velvet. Arouftd 'the button there is ,r 7 v** vrf 7,\ .***#/i 'M*r£*VV GRAND MARAIS, MINNESOTA, SATURDAY, FEBRUARY 3, 1906. ried round and round .until it makes a big, handsome fur -Rosette. This ro sette is used to fasten the belt or to make a trimming upon the bust or the stock There are many ways in which it can be employed in different sizes, big and little. ouadir Buckles of peacock blue and green are liked. The popular velveteens have a soft chiffon finish. Fur boas will not be quite as long as those of last year, according to early models. The chiffon veil has) anew use. It is tied into a big bow -and tacked to the back of the hat, with floating end. A fjinny little round white, hat of corded silk, for a child, has the straight brim edged with a baUd of ipink fur. One of the new hats has a huge crown of gay-flowereiii black silk and not a few have scarfs of this antique material. There is the loveliest tea gown of champagne liberty "satin in empire style, covered 'with -fluffy billows of champagne valencieriries. Useful Velveteen Skirt. The velveteen skirt is considered quite the correct accompaniment for separate bodices of s^ll sorts and de scriptions. It is gored, it is of circu lar cuts, it is shovpi in flounced and tiered designs, anjLfit is displayed trimmed and untrimmed. Black, in the new fast dye, is. far and away the favorite, and reasbjiably so, since a ,ck skirt will eitrihc any shade of "—. ddViC waist "with*~ gppd7""7^^. hunter's green, a medium brown and some of the dahlia and plum shades are pressing the old reliable colors rather strong for first place in the whims and affections of the more youthful members of society. The ceinture—for, this is a most import ant feature—may be of either material according to the figure but the aver age girl will find that a ceinture built upon the well-boned and fitted lining of the corsage will afford a better out line than if it be of the velveteen of the skirt. Fall Girdles. The girdle will be all the style this coming winter and this is good news for^the woman who likes to wear a girdle and who can make the article for herself. The winter girdles are made of velvet, which is gathered and boned and made to fit the waist line* The deeper the girdle the better, pro viding it fita well and, if it be cut to a point in front and trimmed with kit tle knots of velvet and a few buttons, so much the better for its general style. Apple Rings. These make a nice dish for break fast and are sure to be appreciated. They are- quickly and easily prepared. Peel some large and rather tart ap ples, remove the cores, cut them into slices across about a quarter of an inch thick, so as to make "rings." Lay these in very cold water for ten min utes, take them out, drain lightly, dip in fine sugar and then fry a few at a time in enough smoking hot fat to float them. When done, which will only take a minute or two, take up, drain from fat on paper: Pile up on a very hot dish, dust a little pugar over and serve. Model of Satin Beaver. There seeins to be an evenly divided opinion as to the popularity of large and small hats, so one may wear which ever is most becoming and still be in the fashion. A happy medium is /Offered and sure to win high favor. It is black satin beaver, Tfrith white un derbrim and the semi-high, crown is encircled with soft black satin ribbon. ,The ostrich tips artistically arranged at the back are white. All vegetables keep better in a low temperature. To prevent dryness, a ham should be left in the water in which it is boiled until perfectly cold. It is said that a sound, ripe apple placed in the tin cake *box will keep the cakes from drying or crumbling. Starch and iron ^wide lamp wicks and wicks for oil stoves, They will, not then'cause trouble inflttlng them Cocoanut kisses are delicate sweets and simply made. The whites of six eggs are beaten to a froth with a pound and an extra cupful .of confec tioners' suigar. Then is added a piece of citric acid no larger than a small pea, and a cupful "of finely grated co coanut. Drop in teaspoonfuls on tins covered with butter or floured paper, and bake fifteen minutes in a moder ate oven. Pretty Touch For Girlish Frocks. Big soft knots of ribbon upon the shoulders of a sheer frock, with ends falling gracefully to the girdle, pass ing under it, and continuing down the sides of the skirt front, to end in full bflgRrs at the top of a skirt flounce are seen upon the simple, girlish frocks of mousseline, net or gauze, otherwise untrimmed save by self-tuckings, shir rings, etc. Hint for Fitting Collars. Wlien putting on a collar make neck of bodice or blouse slightly smaller than base of collar band and notch bodice here and there while putting collar on. By so doing you avoid wrinkles.—Exchange. Care^of'Our Best China. Yes, there is science in it. Do you forget when washing gilt edged china or any delicate china with gilt designs that it must not be wiped dry. It should merely be placed on the table or in a large pan to drain until dry. Wiping such china will wear off the gold. China of this kind should never be washed in water containing borax, ammonia or soap. A piece of flannel ette should be placed over each of the gilded plates and saucers that are piled together in the china'closet. This protects the gilt from scratches. Old rose broadcloth coat robe, with bow and buttons of a darker red. Delicate Macaroon Custards. The very name makes the "mouth. water." Make ready one quart of milk, two eggs, an even tablespoonful of corn starch, two tablespoonfuls of sugar arid fourteen macaroons. Scald the milk, beat the yolks of the eggs well and add them to the milk. Then add the corn starch, rubbed smooth in in greater numbers than Into six enps Hll the cups with the custard to within an Inch of the top, Ghosts and Hallucinations Easily Made to Order While You Wait —Mere Matter of Drugs and Hard Blows. "Ghosts, hallucinations—pah!" said the phychologist. "I can make ghosts. You can make them. It is a mere matter of drugs and knocks on the head. "What is it that does our feeling, re joicing, mourning, hoping, fearing, thinking, for us? It is a mass of fat, of phosphorized fat, two pounds in weight, called the brain. We study the brain continually. We get to know it better and better every day. And the time is now come when we can play tricks on it—when we can deluge it with ghosts, poultergorsts, djinns, hobgoblins, doppelgarigers, phantoms. "With drugs administered in tcxic or poisonous doses I can give the san est man hallucinations. And I can pretty well regulate the hallucina tions' character, for one drug is known to cause one sort of present ment, another another and so on. "Suppose I want the bishop of Esk to see the phantom of a beautiful girl. I give him, then, belladonna. Bella donna in toxic doses creates fair pic tures of comely persons. The bishop of Esk, I assure you, would have an a little milk then the sugar. Stir un- eastern Canada"—that is than the til it thickens, when remove from the newspapers of Toronto, Ottawa, Mon flre and flavor with vanilla. Crush treal, Halifax and St. John. eight of the macaroons with a rolling pin and divide the quantity equally papers stirring the crushed macaroons! through the custard. Beat the whites of-the eggs to a stiff froth, add a little sugar, and spread on the top of each custard, then place on top a whole macaroon. Brown slightly in the oven and set away to get cold. Directoire Effect. The very latest sartorial scheme for women is a set consisting of hat, neck piece, muff arid cane to match. Such a set was displayed in a proinin&it shop window the otheif day and it is safe to bet that not one woman passed by without seeing it. The dictators of fashion have been working up to the cane for some time with their other directoire effects. It has' been shown in the smart fashion plates and even with the lay figures, tout not actually placed on sale heretofore. The set shown as a starter was of mink, and,the cane, about four feet long, was of polished brown wood, with a gold handle beneath, to which was tied a brown velvet bow. 411 feminine eyes are now open watching Articles Dropped in Calumet Mine Shaft Always Found Clinging to East Side—Invest igation Going On. It is an interesting scientific fact, and one not generally known, that nothing that falls from the mouth of the deepest mining shaft in the world ever reaches' the bottom. This has been demonstrated at the famous Red Jacket shaft of the Big Calumet. The article, no matter what shape or size it may be, is invariably found clinging to' the east side of the shaft. Human Brain at Mercy of Scientists Puzzle for Scientists to Worry Over One day a monkey wrench was bottdm. It wa:s"T6un^I5fffed againsf the east sidei of the shaft several hun dred feet down. This' incident com ing to the attention of the Michigan College of Mines, it was decided to make a careful test of the apparent phenomenon. It was decided best to use a small but heavy spherical body, and a marble, tied to a thread was suspended about twelve feet below the mouth of the shaft. When the marble was absolutely still, assuring that it would drop straight down, the thread was burned through by the flame of a candle. The marble fell. From away out at Calgary, in the northwest territories of Canada, into which we are informed that Ameri cans from our northwest are pouring in one continuous stream, comes an admission—a newspaper, admission— which will be read with interest and pleasure by the friends these Ameri can settlers have left behind them tinder the stars and stripes in Ne braska, Iowa and Minnesota, says the Boston Transcript. The admis sion comes in the form of a com plaint frpm the Calgary Herald that "in Calgary and other western Cana dian cities the newspapers of Chicago, New York and Minneapolis are found those of Thls pretereilce Still Read the Newspapers from Home American Settlers in Northwest1 Americans who are in northwest Canada Stick to Their Favorite Newspapers Though Dwelling Under Another Flag. fir American news- may be disappointing and a little discouragillg t0 Herald. But the Calgary ,s tt not natural? The United States Soldier Admits Good Qualities in Little Brown Man Whom He at First Rather Looked Down On. Confession of Hank Jenkins, private United States Infantry, regarding one certain little fighting man across the sea. Meets him first in Nagersacker—loans him some o' my terbacker, He fills his little pipe With jes" a pinch. And I sort o' condescended, sort o' looked down all unbended, As a white man to a heathen, that's a cinch. But Jap he keeps a-smilin' in a way that's cl'ar begulin', Perlitest little Tat you ever saw, And he hands me out a story 'bout his old-time fightin'. glory— I takes it and digests it in my craw. Thinks I, "as-a prize blower, this here heathen is a goer, Changed Opinion He Formed in Haste Fer braggin' he's entitled to the cake." And I a foot above' him, sort o' some fergits to love him fcajfs t° bear the *Pout!n* of a fake), there "is few can hopelo beat'hlmT Next time I meets this ibanty we is the next time that I meet him maifchin on his aunty, At "Attention" I saloots him, The ladv what o'er Chiny holds the I v~„ MINNESOTA HISTORICAL SOCIETY. NUMBER 34. agreeable half-hour under this drug's spell. "Suppose I wanted you to see a lovely dream city, with young men and maiders in white robes pacing the courtyards of marble palaces. I would give you opium and, seated in your office chair, you would see and remember pretty much what I wanted you to. Afterward you would say, if I had given you the opium secretly, 'Well, there is something in ghost stories, after all.' "If I had an enemy and wished to drive him to suicide I would give him hasheesh on the quiet. Hasheesh creates visions of horror. In hash eesh dreams great apes strangle fair blonde women. Ruffians murder help less old clergymen. Wild beasts, leap ing on caravans, carry off in their mouths' babies and little children. Cannibals hold in the depths of prim eval forests orgies indescribably ob scene. "By whacking you on a certain part of the head I could make you smell phantom odors. A whack in another place would make you hear phantom sounds. A whack in a third place would give you phantom sensations of cold., "Therefore, don't have a supersti tious belief in ghosts or hallucina tions," ended the psychologist, "for any scientist can make them to your order while you wait." but at a point 50 feet from the sur face brought up against the east wall of the shaft. The same would be the case were a man to fall into the shaft. While it would mean sure death, the body, badly torn, would be found lodged in the timbering on the east side. Mem bers of the faculty of the College of Mines are now engaged in experi ments with a view of developing data as to the thickness of the earth's crust. It is not hoped to solve the perplexing problem of the distribution of the earth's matter, but it is hoped to add to the information, collected concerning it. other place in the universe. The deep shafts in other parts of the coun try and in foreign lands generally be gan at an altitude and end above or very little below the sea level, where as at the Calumet mine the Red Jack et shaft starts in a comparatively low altitude and pierces the earth's crust deeper and further below the ocean level than any other in existence. It is hoped within a year to be able to give some intelligent information re garding the investigations.—Lake Lin den correspondence St, Paul Dispatch, Canada are there because land is cheap and because they consider that in their particular lines of enter prise—mostly farming and stock rais ing—there are more opportunities than in the states from which they have emigrated. Back of all, too, there is the inherent love of the An glo-Saxon for movement and change for pushing into new and untried fields, and meeting new experiences. These Americans on the other side of the boundary line, in the northwest will undoubtedly make good subjects of King Edward. They possess the same qualities as the men who set tled our own western states, and these qualities will come into play whether they are under the British or American flag,' and will help to build up the new country on good lines and on an enduring basis. It is, however, no disparagement to these newcomers in the Canadian north west to say 'jhat they still cherish the institutions of the country which they left and among those which can fce practically cherished and carried along—is that great institution, the American newspaper. And it made us noways happy fer to take the dust o* Jappie (The the geiser hiked jes' give me pains). Didn't pack no fancy dishes, jes' a bit o' rice and fishes, He leads us like a quarter hoss would race. So I says to Frisco Hazy, "By the gods, the Jap's a daisy! Head him off and I'll say it to his face." Fer a year or so each paper tells o' how he cuts a caper, Goes cheerfully agin the shinin' steel, And jes' takes a pleasure dyin', which you know hain't a-lyin'i And now to beg his pardon strong feel. And to .up and cap it clever he don't lose no bets whatever, He stops the little peace dove on the fly. He don't, win no bunch o' money, but I'm here to~tell-you, sonny, He gits the world's respect, and that's no lie. Course I know this saint-eyed Jappie is a -boastful, chesty chappie. But Jes'- the same he allers fills the billj Robert V. Canr.