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Yol. YII. —No. 36 Aritten for Tne Mirror. FARMER ROSE Bv Shorn Poet. 110 dwells within the massive walls Of a gray old fortress grim; His every footstep pensive falls. And from the caverned future calls A funeral note to him. He harbors still the thoughts of days When the world seemed almost young; He hears the long hushed, home-bred lays And starts at the human sound that plays Responsive from his tongue. Nineteen long years, a quasi tomb. Engulfed in penal llame Has purged a soul in silent gloom, With one faint ray of hope in bloom That breathed a woman’s name. How true it is no matter where, (»r how man may descend. He still will hope, and light despair. To rise by some soft pleading there Of a true woman friend. When Sumpter's awful signal cry Moaned through our northern clime, He waved our eagle banner high. And swept the cobwebbed, southern sky. In noble Lincoln's time. But. see him now -nine years and ten. Deep buried from the world; A faithful soul, and true as when In all that time, ere he had been From his high functions hurl’d. An Autumn sun has yet to set, A barren waste must close; Hot blood, uncurbed, has paid its debt— Let fall the legal tangling net That binds < >ld Farmer Rose. THE A. P. A It Cannot Endure as an American Insti tution. That the original founders of the great republic known as the 1 nited states of America, intended that its government should ever remain a "gov ernment of the people, by the people, and for all the people," will be called into question by no student of ordinary in telligence. (\Ve make exceptions, how ever, for political gamesters and fan atical organizations, with which this country is at present infested.) The .same intention is very forcibly indicated by Abraham Lincoln in his famous .speech at Gettysburg, on the solemn oc casion marking the dedication of the ■final resting place of our nation’s heroic dead. This form of government is founded on the cardinal principles of liberty and unity. It blossomed in the spring-time of American patriotism and gradually grew into the spirit and life of our glorious republic so that it has become so solidly moulded into our national life that it is one, and insepar ably one. with it. It is useless for any faction to attempt its destruction. It As vain to strive to enfeeble it. Its in ception is noted in scarlet letters stamped with the blood of our revolu tionary' patriots. Its maturity and perpetual preservation has been secured by the treaty of martyrdom which points to the awful sacrifice of a nation's noblest heroes in the cause of -freeborn men. The sentiment that Lincoln expressed three score and ten years after its inception, still obtains at the present time, and will remain the beacon-light of political safety to the future generations of this great nation. It flows from the font of di vine wisdom; is nurtured by the sap of heavenly inspiration, and finds its com plement in the great truth that “all men are created equal.’ Its significa tion may be found in the practical de velopment of this free people. It is synonymous with commercial great ness and intellectual progress; with religious prosperity and national glory, insomuch as it secures for all people, the free exercise of every faculty known to the civilized man, and establishes the methods of universal development. It not only embraces the boon of national freedom, but also secures and protects the natural rights of man to individual liberty in its broadest sense. And since nature begets, and in every way proclaims men free and equal, it gives to nature the helping hand of good-fel lowship by assisting her to preserve in violable the rights, liberties and equal ties peculiar to man. Hence the estab lishment of free institutions, wherein men may be taught the wisdom of true civilization; the real value of social harmony. The priceless worth of na tional union and sacred liberty natural to mankind, while it strives to distin guish true liberty from arrogant license by wise and judicious laws. No intelli gent, truthful man will deny that reli gious liberty (or freedom of conscience as it commonly designates) is the most precious gem in the diadem of a na tion’s glory; the richest treasure m the people's possession. You may shackle the limbs of physical man, and he may wither away from depressions. You may deprive him of all the joys of civil and social liberties, and his very soul will become burdensome under the weight of woe; but the moment you set limits to man’s religious rights and lib erties, that moment you kindle a tlame of sacred indignation that only death can quench; that no power under heav en can subdue. It will endure sorrow and suiter pain; it will embrace perse cution; it will .survive prejudice and conquer malice. It will never succumb to tyranny, but will sacrifice the very last breath of life for the principle most sacred to human welfare. To this truth the wisdom of the ages testi fies. How futile then, for men to scheme against a principle that when attacked will only emit fire for their own destruction. The fomenters of religious discrimi nation, are enemies to liberty, traitors to unity, destroyers of social harmony and the public peace. They sin against the nation, violate the loftiest principle of the Constitution, and rob their fel low-men of the greatest boon in the gift of the civilized world; viz: The right to worship his Creator in accord with the dictates of his conscience. Are such men criminals ? Most assuredly; answer reason as well as justice. It matters not to the people of the United States, what may be the motive of men who unite together for the purpose of arousing universal prejudice against any religious sect or body of men. It is with little interest, too, that they seek the object of civil, social or politi cal discrimination of the citizens of this great country. The mere mention of the proposition carries with it the immediate and popular condemnation alien to our declared Constitution; alien to the American heart. To be an Amer ican is not to be a politician, an olfice seeker, Catholic, Protestant, Quaker, Shaker or Infidel. The name American belongs only to the citizen, who, imbued with the true spirit of liberty and uni ty, proves himself loyal to the principle of America's free and glorious constitu tion. To the loyal American, there is no such phrase as “religious toleration;” he quenches his patriotic thirst with the noble spirit of his honored fore fathers, and treasures within his bosom with undying care and solicitude, the noblest inheritance of all the ages; freedom of speech, freedom of press, and religious liberty. Societies organ ized for the disfranchisement of any religious body of American citizens under the glorious ensign of the United States, disgrace the fair name of our country; destroy our national dignity, and carry a blush of shame to the mem ory of our honored progenitors. Let the public demand their immediate ex tinction, or relegate them to the ages of their unholy origin. The nineteenth century has no place in its records in America, for barbarian Goths or Van dals, for foreign despotism or Tory cruelty. The days of aristocracy are numbered. This is the people’s age; and the people—all the people—reign supreme. Xon. IT IS NEVER TOO LATE TO MEM).” STILLWATER, MINNESOTA, APRIL 12, 1894. MY CASE. Not Criminal, but a Simple Case of Covetousness. Lo, here I am again (overcoat, double harness and four sacks of wheat) grand larceny in the second degree; a second termer and on>the ReiV .matory Plan contemplating air immediate future, face to face with inevitable. But, I will not lie, no; I can not consci entiously say, that whisky did it—l can not look upon four hundred and ninety three fellow-sufferers, without violent spasms of doubt and hesitancy, and say that visiting saloons, bad company. shooting craps or playing penny-ante were the stepping stones of my down ward career. I can not meet your nine- hund’-od and eighty-six Hashing glances . of experience and thorough knowledge in these particular matters, and say that lam innocent; that 1 am the wandering bulls-e ;e of an antagonistic police force, hounded and pursued into : penal quarters by ohe focussed powers j of the slaves of duty. Nevertheless, I i can say, that I am here—here by the di vine statute of the great Book, by the ! tenth commandment: “Thou shalt not covet thy neighbor’s goods." stigma tized by our profane statute as grand larceny in the econd degree; “did knowingly, and feloniously take, steal and cairy away," etc., which is not only profane, but scandalous. That I was secreted in my neighbor's I barn was merely corroborative evidence of my secretion, that I knowingly, fear fully and feelingly did covet that old overcoat and horse-harness, together with the four bushels of wheat was but cumulative presumptions of premedi tated designs, applicable only, to break ing and entering the inviolability of the aforesaid commandment. I expati ated largely upon these things, in ex tenuation, to the judge; I told him, that the coat, which was made of squirrel skins, was coveted solely for the remem brances it brought to my ebbing soul of the halcyon days of those oldest inhabitants, when with a double bar reled, llint-lock gun we hunted the gray squirrels on Dayton’s Bluff; that the harness I coveted, and ever would covet as a vivid memento of the tender days of commerce and transportation, carry- ing me back to my span of mules hauling railroad ties 1 'om Coon Creek to Sauk Rapids, the terminal point of the old St. Paul & Pacific, the mother of Minnesota's first train conductor and engineer—Jud Rice and Jim Morrison; the harness fills my whole being with yearnings t© look once more upon tb** little boy. who llagged the crossing at a sparsely settled side-track, since, famed as Anoka, and made famous by that very boy, now the Austerlitz of versi tile literature, the sparkling progenitor of “With or Without,'—Pease be unto his genius. As for the wheat, I coveted it sadly as the reminder of a seed time and harvest; but at this point in the proceedings, the court took a recess and wept. After recess, with a calmer though severer countenance the court looked upon me, just as I was reopen ing my case again, at the four bushels of wheat, and gravely said: “As a man sows, so shall the harvest be; it is the duty of the court to inform you, that you have had a fair and impartial trial; you have been ably defended by the ablest counsel of any bar —and found guilty of the crime of grand larceny in the second degree, by a jury who have patiently weighed and considered all the testimony in your case. It is the sentence of this court, that you, for the crime of larceny, be confined in State Prison of this state on the Re formatory Plan.” I stood aghast, and in sepulchral tones replied: Judge, you might as well call me a common thief and be done with it; larceny is an odious term. I have proved to you by I sound logic and divine statute, that my only offense is covetousness; 1 object to languishing in the bastile under „m_h an opprobrious misnomer, call me embezzler, misappropriator, prestidigi tator, anything but thief; I will never be abie to look a respectable criminal in the face—do give me a more - eupho nious send-off, let reformation begin right here; this unsavorry mantle of the law that now enshrouds me, will vin dictively goad my footsteps into paths of crime -I appeal to G* * * : -the sheriff hero intervened and we quickly left the court room, just asA-cho began repeating; "Let reformation begin right here." Ole .Tasox. THE PRESS A Household Companion and a Panacea for Many of Life’s Ills. What rapid strides the press of this i glorious country, has made towards attaining an acme of perfection during the past 20 years. What a marvelous amount of good and instructive read ing matter is contained in the dailies of to-day. Such a vast variety of topics, everything that is termed "news' is gathered from the four quarters of the globe, composed and condensed in to such form as will explain the subject to the best advantage, readily and i thoroughly understood and relished by it c many readers What a power it wields in the political arena. What grand achievements it has attained in developing facts, substantial and relia ble out of a vague theory, simply by keeping it before the people and thus* inviting discussions that finally culmi nated in a rich and beneficial discovery. What a lucrative investment it is to its n.iny advertisers to whom it con stantly brings additional patronage and prolit. It is apparent that the press is | a vital necessity to all who desire to ! keep thoroughly posted and abi'east of S the times. The Sunday issue of the j metropolitan papers usually contain 40 j to 4S pages, and sells for a nickle; there I is no excuse therefore why it is not | within the reach of all. One frequently i hears objections to the large amount of space allotted to advertisements;Hbut it is welt to remember that a large num ber of people purchase it for just that reason. This is especially true of those ladies who are termed “bargain hun ters,” thus it is that the vanity is so essential to meet the various demands. We very often suffer severely with ennue and know of no accessible reme dy to alleviate or banish this oppression. For experiment, just get your paper, turn to the “humorous selections” and peruse them carefully, digesting the matter thoughtfully. You will, ere you fully realize it, be convulsed with merri ment, suppressed at first, but ending in a hearty prolonged laugh. Your lassi tude has given place to a hearty vigor ous feeling. Thus the press may be used as an “adviser, general instructor and doctor combined.” Again we main tain a sort of “brotherly love” for the press; a certain paper usually a weekly has been a regular visitor at home for years and years, it has become so at tached to our lives, that when it is changed, we feel a loss and miss it more than we care to confess. This is especially true with the farmers or those living some distance from a city. Yo matter how intelligent and well educated one may be, every time you read the papers you invariably learn some thing. Our paper The Mirror is a power in itself and sheds many a bright ray of hope and cheer upon those with in and serves as a warning to those without not to expect a higher position than “weekly contribution,” if they should decide to enter journalism un der The Mirror’s immediate guidance. Hy. GET EVEN. . .. No Man was Ever Made Happy by Venge ance. __ Few men, comparatively speaking, can bear defeat philosophically; and when a prisoner is brought to the bar of justice for the committal of crime, instead of taking a rational view of ■r...... t SI.OO per year, in advance i tKMb. ( si x Months 50cents. the matter and blaming no one but himself for the predicament in which he is placed, it too often happens that his soul is filled with bitterness, not only against those who were instru mental in securing his conviction, but also against society at large. Men’s minds are so ingenious in excusing guilt in themselves that they look upon their crimes as less heinous than they really are, and even when guilty of the crime charged against them, they find extenuating circumstances where others cannot, and are apt to think their conviction was secured by unfair methods. In taking a mental review of their case they find that the damaging testimony of the witnesses were not in strict conformity with the truth; the prosecuting attorney was i most bitter and unrelenting in his ! denunciation of the crime and the criminal, and the sentence imposed by the judge was unreasonably severe. These, and a hundred other things, partly true or wholly without founda tion in fact, combine to make the convicted prisoner believe that his prosecution was conducted in a spirit of vindictivene&. This thought creates a desire for revenge, or in other words, ho meditates on how he may "get even" with society for the infliction of \\ .at he considers an unjust punishment. These morbid thoughts are, in the majority of ease®, only L ! it is well that it is so, for this brooding land planning how to get even is the fatal rock on the sea of life that has wrecked' the happiness of so many men. The great Law-giver of the uni , verse has said, “Vengeance is mine, I will repay,’’ and no man was ever made happier by gratified revenge. A wise general knows when he is defeated and will prudently withdraw from the field to await a more favor- able opportunity to engage the enemy. We have been sorely beaten in the battle of life, anu it remains for us to decide whether we will follow the ex ample of the reckless gamester who stakes his all on the turn of a card, or about face and adopt a new code of tactics. We cannot regain the good name nor the wasted years that we have lost, but the years that are to come are ours for weal or for woe as we wisely or foolishly use them. S. LIVE WITHIN YOUR MEANS The Propensity to do Otherwise Grad ually Increasing;. There are hundreds of thousands of American people who live and strive to live far beyond their means. They are to be found in every community and in every class of society, from the lofty leaders of fashion, down to the very lowest and most slavish scullion. This propensity seems to be gradually in creasing and especially so in the mid dle classes. Impelled by the desire to appear wealthy, they plunge into debt, trusting to some ill-defmed scheme or good luck, to regain the former equilibrium of their financial standing, failing in which, many resort to ques tionable means of striving to regain their waning fortunes. To this ten dency of trying to live beyond one’s means, we owe much of the crime and criminal prosecutions of to-day. For gery, embezzlement, and various other crimes are resorted to for the replenish ment of the coffers made vacant by senseless and farcical display, There are many to-day who are languishing within prison walls who would have been goc'* true and useful citizens had it not been for this one hypocritical to appear that which they were not. If we were to judge from appearances alone, it would be a most difficult task to distinguish between those of actual wealth and those of moderate or even scanty means, so eager is the latter to appear on equal financial level with the former, and sooner or later, if persisted in, will this hypocritical tendency lead to disgrace, crime and certain ruin. Beware then, ere it becomes too late. Crush down and abandon this alluring demon of false pride and come forth in true colors. Cut your coat according to your cloth and the world will respect, honor and love you the better for it. S. W.