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Vol. VII. —No. 38. THE UNDERTOW. You hadn’t ought to blame a man fer things : he hasn’t done, Fer books he hasn’t written or fer fights he hasn’t won; , , .. The waters may look placid on the surface all An yet there may be an undertow a-keepin of him down. Since the days of Eve and Adam, when the fight of life began, . It ain’t been safe, my brethern, fer to tightly judge a man; , , . ... „ He may be trying faithful fer to make his life a An yet°his feet git tangled in the treacherous undertow. He may not lack in learnin, an he may not want fer brains; . . He may be always workin with the patientest of pains, , . . . An yet go unrewarded, an, my friends, how ’ can we know . , . . What heights he might climbed up to but fer the undertow? You’ve heard the Yankee story of the hen’s nest with a hole, An how the hen kept layin eggs with all her might an soul, , _ . Yet never got a settin, not- a single, I trow, That hen was simply kickin gin a hidden un dertow. There’s holes in lots of hens’ nests, an you’ve got to peep below . . To see the eggs a-rollin where they hadn t Don’t blame a man fer failin to achieve a laurel crown Until you’re sure the undertow’ ain t draggin of him down. -Selected. SOCIETY Enacts the Form of Government Under Which It Exists. There is no principle of society which is so thoroughly engrafted in the nature •of mankind as the desire and longing for fellowship. Man hates solitude and prefers com panionship in misery and want, to soli tude in luxury and ease. It is certain that man, endowed with the social instinct, cannot long remain a savage or in a state devoid of social organization or government. Artificial life seems the natural life, and yet, it is also certain that the greater perfections of civilized life in the arts, in culture or in refinenement, becomes the means of destroying that higher artificial ex istence. Man’s social instinct has given to us cities and states and nations; and the nature of that instinct, modified by natural surroundings such as scenery, climate, customs, habits and associa tions, gives to a community those gen eral social characteristics which are the distinctive traits of character and feel ing that mark, as peculiar, a race or nation. Society, like the individual, is the single embodiment of many pecu liar contradictory characteristics which mav be reduced and found to have their origin from the three primary phases of individual nature; namely, the an imal, the intellectual and the moral. In savage life, the predominating in fluence is intensely animal. The agents of its expression on the one hand, are lust, hatred and revenge; on the other, cruelty, credulity and superstition. Civilized life is the antithesis of sav age existence; in it the intellect is as sumed to be the dominant and control ing influence, and morality is the rein that guides it in its onward progress to a higher, purer social life. It is as sumed that the animal traits of the savage are, in his upward progress, transformed; lust becomes love, and hatred, cruelty and revenge are merged into goodness, kindness and forgive ness; credulity and superstition are re placed by truth and reason, and selfish ness by humanity. Society erects the form of government under which it exists, and continues in general unity. Each is a growth that is part natural and part artificial, and the entire social problem consists in determining whether the artificial con- ditions may become natural, or, if car ried too tar, will they force society, because of the abnormal conditions so produced, to return to first principles. A solution of the problem is extremely difficult; it is certain, however, that any solution which fails to recognize the nature of man, will be at fault unless the three fundamental elements of that | nature be considered; for all the phases and conditions of society, ultimately analyzed, will be found to have their origin either in the moral, the intellect ual or the animal nature of man. So ciety, in its formation, has but one primary object in view; namely, the ad vancement of the material interests of its individual members in so far as it tends to benefit, through that advance ment, the collective interests of all. This can only be done by repressing the abnormal development of the three nat ural conditions mentioned above. The most perfect society will be that in which each of the elements mentioned are tempered and balanced by the other. Any society in which one element rises above and overshadows the other, be comes, in time, abnormal. History has shown us that when the animal nature j predominates, war, internal strife, and unsettled or savage conditions prevail; or, the intellect being the ruling force, avariciousness, cunning treachery, de ceit and kindred agents in peaceful guise, will produce conditions equally disastrous in their effects; and, if moral nature gain the ascendency, mental and physical decline ensues, followed by na tional weakness and extinction, or a reaction and return to first principles. Mob violence, crimes against person, the social evil, drunkenness, sporting proclivities and other kindred effects, are all, more or less due to an excessive animal development in human nature. Under certain conditions, society in a measure, can repress these eruptions, but it is also true that these conditions, when general, can be removed by cleans ing the spring in which it has its source. So, also, we find that the acquisition of wealth by speculation, control of natu ral or artificial monopolies, the advance ment of genius over talent and talent over mediocrity; the ability to grasp an opportunity, a clear judgment of pres ent conditions and the capacity of see ing their future trend, swindling in all its different phases, are all due to intel lectual development; and, upon it, no limit can be set. Society, except in a general way, cannot prevent Goulds or Carnegies, or Stewarts or Tweeds; or produce Lincolns, Grants, Longfellows, Donnellys or Childses, at will. Under morality, is developed religion, truth and love, honesty, purity, virtue and temperance; and it is these agents, and these only, that will in a measure change or modify the abnormal condi tions and correct the evil effects of man's animal and intellectual nature. Society boats on a stream of accu mulating ideas, and their ebb and tlow gives us a queer mixture of vice and virtue, honor and infamy, gallantry and gaietv. wit and wisdom and intellectual and sensual pleasures. Now surround ed with splendor and magnificance, and later by misery and want. T esterday, all simplicity, to-day, universal polish. To-day, in the crowded, cities of our union, in’the common pursuit of happi ness. contentment is rarely known, and all things tend to extremes. Here, all is servility, fiattery and corruption; there, venture, speculation and hazard. Here, a smothered volcano of pride and envy ; there, ambition, greed and resentment. All is hollow and showy, and followed by anxiety, dissapointment, lost pride, and friendship, broken trusts, blasted hopes and departed joys, beggary, shame and suicide. These are the common conditions of society, and yet, while they are natural, they are the result of individual perversions, and may in a great measure be corrected; and, though we may feel discontent at the slowness of the upward movement, yet it is cer tain that after the lapse of periods of time, we can see the progress that has been made. The more each individual member of society labors in his own sphere and in accordance with his abil ity the greater will be that progress. Leonardus. “IT IS NEVER TOO LATE TO MEND.” STILLWATER, MINNESOTA, APRIL 26, 1894 CAN PROHIBITION BE MADE If So, There Is No Reason for Further Delay In Enacting- Prohibitory Daws. Can successful prohibition be enacted and enforced at all ? If yes, then there would seem no good reason why, in time, it should not be made general; and right here it may be said that un less made general there is very little use of enacting legislation in that direction at all. Prohibition, as prohibition, means a great deal. It means first of all a moral restraint upon the will of a large class of our citizens who think that the use of ardent spirits is not altogether wrong and argue that when used in moderation it is really beneficial. To this class prohibition seems to be an infringement on their personal liberty, and they feel themselves called upon to resist the aggression of their rights in any manner which will best tend to the overthrow of such a law and although they may not be in entire accord or sympathy with the liquor dealers, jet you will find them combining with them for the purpose of defeating any such proposed legislation, or, afterward, in rendering it either obnoxious or en tirely null and void. Among this class will be found very many respectable people; and, strange as it may appear, many professing Christians and even a goodly number of ministers of the gos pel. Here is the first and really the greatest stumbling, block in the path of successful prohibition; and how can it be hoped that it can be made even locally, let alone generally, successful until there has been a decided and radi cal change of ideas on this point ? They will even quote you scripture to uphold their views, their chief author ity being taken from the proverbs of Solomon the AVise when he says: ‘-Give strong drink to him that is ready to perish, and wine unto those that be of heavy heart.” “Let him drink and forget his poverty, and remember his misery no more.” They argue from this, that it would lit erally be flying in the face of Providence to prohibit a man by law from forget ting his poverty and misery by loading himself with poor whiskey; forgetting at the same time that there is a strong probability that “strong drink'’ has been the ultimate and chief cause of the poverty and misery which he en dures, and for which the proverb ad vises the pouring down of more whisky in order to make him temporarily for get. And yet, on a close investigation you will find these very people the first to kick about high taxes, and more es pecially that portion of the taxes which goes to support those who have attained poverty and misery by the use of strong drink. Oh, Consistency! Verily thou art a jewel not to be found among this class of anti-prohibitionists. But the question is, can prohibition be made general ? That is, can the law enacting power of the different nations enact laws that shall prohibit the sale or even the manufacture of liquor ? The reply to this, I fancy, is “1 es. Decidedly so.’ - It surely comes within the province of the law makers of a nation to enact such laws as shall be most beneficial to the majority of their people, and, if a prohibitory law that shall do away with a great if not the greatest curse known to and inflicted on the human race is not one that is beneficial to the great majority of the people of the world, then there is, of | course, no use of such a law. But, say the law makers, you must first show us the necessity of such a law, and further, that there is a general demand for its enactment. Well, let us do it, let us go out into the highways and byways of life and bring witnesses by the thousands, aye, by the hundreds of thousands, to whom we will fairly put the question. Is a prohibitory law needed to protect you and your friends and neighbors from the ravages of the rum trafic? The answer will be yes, and God speed GENERAL.? the day when we will be ijnable to pro cure the means of dethroning our rea son and becoming worse than the beasts of the field, more deadly than the lurk ing wild beast of Afric’s densest jun gle. 'Tis but a step from the gilded palace on the avenue to the wretched hovel or poverty flat, but from both palace and hovel goes up the heart rending cry, protect us from this dam nable curse of liquor. Call in the strong arm of the law and invoke its aid to help us in breaking the galling chains that bind us and help us to once more become free and happy. This is the cry of the drunkards themselves. Go to the prisons, the asylums, the alms houses, and ask the inmates, if such a law is needed. The answer is, had there been such a law ere this, I would not be here. What pathos in such an an swer. The criminal, the insane, the pauper, crying out and lamenting that there is no law that will protect them against themselves. Now, here is both the need and the demand, and there can be no good reason for further delay. But delay will come, and the end is far away; far beyond the ken of mortal vision, but prohibition will come some day. God will arise in the majesty and granduer, of his just wrath, and will sweep from the face of the earth the hell-born curse of the liquor traffic, and the world shall be rid of the foul blot of alcoholism and the baneful shadow that has, since its foundation, hovered over and threatened all its nations, and all its people shall vanish away, to be seen no more of men. Then will there be general prohibition throughout the length and breadth of the world, and that of God s enacting, and then there shall be none found to gainsay it. May itjsoon T. PUBLIC WORKS Will Solve the Problem of Present De pression, and Prove an Honor to Our Country. There never was such an opportunity given to our national legislators, as at the present time of dire want among the poor, to demonstrate the glories of a true and comprehensive democratic commonwealth. Were the immortal Lincoln alive at this crisis, he would already have devised some vast plan to energize the dis-spirited nation and to arouse it to be up and doing. Are we not a nation that has proved its capac ity to pay off a stupendous debt brought upon us by internecine strife? Why, then, should we hesitate to take upon’usadebt of one, two, or three hundered millions to relieve the dread ful pressure of the jaws of the wolf upon the throats of our poor? Where are our statesmen, that they can not understand the drain of vitality from our people which this struggle for ex istence is making ? Are they so taken up with jobbery, fence-mending, and petty party tinkering that they can not see the sun of adversity drying out the nutritious power, the nation s very life. Would a vast system of public works do any damage to the country ? Would it not rather, if in telligently undertaken, bring forth fruit immediately in the present, and be a lasting benefit not only in renew ing the stagnated commercial life of the nation, but in showing to the world the recuperative power of a free people? We have, from time to time, boasted ourselves of statesmen, il here are they? McKinley,Hill, Reed, Carl isle, Harrison, Cleveland, are you all so absorbed in grovelling before the idol I, as not to hear the groans of the hundreds of thousands crushed beneath its cruel car wheels. Of all nations, we, the great republic, have perhaps least to show in the way of public works, of our vigor, enter prise, and the principles we are pre sumably upholding —the common good. A vast comprehensive scheme of pub lic work, if merely of an ornamental nature, putting into immediate cir- -Tcdiwic. * sl.ooper year, in advance, I tkivio . Months 50 cents. culation, directly into the hands of the tens of thousands to be employed therein and instituted throughout the land ,would do more good now than if dribbled out over a hundred years of time. The reaction would bring about a prosperity that would wipe out several hundreds of millions of debt within the year. It is pitiful that a nation with our resources and power, should be starv ing for want of work, when, with our unlimited credit, we could hire enough men to build the very tower of Babel itself. R- F. NEWSPAPER REFORM. Matters of a Private Should Not Appear In Public Print. The Popular Science Monthly for March, speaking of the morals of the journalism of the day, asks the question: ‘Granted that large numbers are crav ing for a depraved nutriment, is a man justified in meeting such a demand ?” and continues: “If so, the thing may be carried further, and, however vicious the indulgence sought, the mere fact that there is a demand will justify him who undertakes to supply it.’ And again: “We have noticed with pleasure lately two or three articles drawing attention to the great evil which must undoubt edly be wrought by the highly colored and vigorously expressed represen tations of vice and criminality with which most of our daily papers teem. That such matter is read with avidity by a large class of the population is only too true; and with the average publisher,, unfortunately, no other justification is needed for serving it up in unlimited measure and with the most piquant ria vorings that his “able young men can devise. Apart from the elaborate re porting of vicious and criminal actions, the press gives a large portion of its space to personalities of a very trivial character which, in their way exert almost as hurtful an influence as the more sensational matter. Xothing is more directly or fundamentally oppos ed to anything like nobility of nature than undue occupation of the mind with personal trifles, particularly when it takes the form of a prying curiosity regarding the private affairs of others. Anything more vulgar than the desire so widely manifested to tear aside the veils which persons who, in certain capacities, are obliged to come more or less before the public eye wish very naturally to draw over their private ives, could not well be imagined. HOW TRAMPS ARE MADE. The Judiciary of the Country Responsi ble, In a Measure, for Their Manu facture. One out of a hundred of similar cases being enacted every day in this glorious land of liberty (?) was called to our attention recently that portrays the present manner of manufacturing tramps and pauperizing the tax payers on the most approved system. A lad in his teens left Arizona to go to a brother in < iakland who had secured him a job. He had seven dollars when starting out but had spent his last quarter for supper in Tulare, when the official vulture, ever watchful to make an honest dollar, nabbed this helpless victim of a reprehensible law making poverty a crime, and the usual result followed. While in prison serving sen tence for the crime of poverty he was asked by a member of the white-wash ing grand jury what he was there for, when he was told by a comrade that he was arrested on suspicion of being hungry, found guilty and was now serv ing out his sentence. A member of the jury informed us that the county jail is a reeking den of filth, alive and work ing with vermin and a thirty days’ stay in such a place would be sufficient to break the spirit of any individual. No wonder tramps are multiplying and criminals on the increase. which would it make of vou reader, were you placed in the position of many a home less wonderer searching for employ ment in this land of peace, liberty (?) and plenty, and for the crime of pover ty, cast into one of these vile dens ? The New Charter.