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Edited and Published by the Inmates of the 3linnesota State Prison. Entered at the Post Oflice at Stillwater. Minn., as Second Class Mail Matter. This paper will be forwarded to subscribers until ordered discontinued and all arrears are paid. Should TIIE MIRROR fail to reach a subscriber each week, notice should be sent to this oflice, when the matter will be attended to at once. Contributions solicited from any and all sour ces. Rejected manuscript will not be returned. THE MIRROR is issued every Thursday at the following rates: One Year ------ SI.OO Six Mouths - ----- .50 Three Months ------ .25 Address all communications, Editor, The MIRROR. Stillwater, Minn. THE .lIIUKOR is a weekly paper published in the Minnesota State Prison. It was founded ill 188“ by the prisoners and is edited and man aged by them. Its objects are to be a home newspaper; to encourage moral and intellectual improvement among the prisoners; to acquaint the public with the true status of the prisoner; to disseminate penological information and to aid in dispelling that prejudice which lias ever been the bar sinister to a fallen man’s self-redemption. The paper is entirely dependent on the public for its financial support. If at any time there should accrue a surplus of funds, the money would be expended in the interests of the prison library. LIGHTS A VI) SH ADOWS. That the trend of current literature of the dav has a potent intluence in shaping the habits and deeds of a peo ple, is a self-evident fact. We have laws against the circulation of obscene literature, because such literature is de moralizing to all classes of people. These facts cannot be gainsayed. The current literature of the day, and more especially the great dailies, are devoted to accounts of dark deeds and tales of woe that would harrow up the soul of universal Christendom, were they not of frequent and increasing occurrence. The Col. Breckenridge scandal, and others still more demoralizing, have been served up in every daily paper of great pretensions, in glaring head-lines, during their continuance in court and during the past few months, many de moniac atrocities incident to and inde pendent of the great strike, a catalogue of which we will refrain from mention ing, in all their horrible atrocities, have been dished up in the most attractive style of horror, to be enjoyed in detail for you a breakfast desert. Xow the question arises, says the Dodge County Eepublican, is the world made better or worse by this daiiy discussion of the most horrible and wicked phases of life ? There is a dark side to the world's life, and the world is made up of the in dividual lives of the people. There is also a bright, a good, a happy side to the world. Prof. Geo. Comb, in his Con stitution of Man, says, “Man, seen in his crimes, his wars and his devastations, might be mistaken for an incarnation of an evil spirit; contemplated in his schemes of charity, his discoveries in science and his vast combinations for the benefit of the race, he seems a bright inteligence from heaven.” Thus either phase of character can be increased by culture, and the world made better or worse according to the trend of culture, are scientific facts. Now, the melan cholly contemplation of these facts may, in some instances, warn us of evil and incite a desire to do good; but those in stances are rare and the reverse is more probable and common. We live in a world of want and disease, sin, disaster and death, interspersed with sunshine, beauty, true goodness and happiness. Our bodies are supject to debasing ap petites and decay. Xo person of hu mane instincts and moral perceptions can or ought to look upon evils which beset the pathway of humanity, with out deep sadness and not add his might, be it ever so small, toward bettering the condition of his environment and thus contributing even a faint gleam toward the bright side of the world. These are moral reasons why one should not dwell constantly upon the existing evils of the world. We grow in virtue or vice in proportion as we contemplate the good or evil deeds of others. When we daily read of the evil deeds of the world, without con templating the good, the beautiful and the true, we become morbid, depressed and frequently insane, and weak minds are thus prepared to emulate the news paper garnished deeds of villainy. Such, undoubtedly, was the habitual trend of the thought of Prendergast, the slayer of Mayor Harrison, and many other unfortunates whom the world knows as despicable villains, who, with a reverse habit of thought and good instead of evil deeds to contem plate, might have been good members of society. A person’s duty to humanity de mands that he shall not depress his moral tone and love for honor and truth by the contemplation of evils for which he is not responsible. He should therefore, permit them to effect us only to make our hearts tender in sympathy and our hands active in doing some good deed. Dwell not upon the woes and troubles of others unless you have the power to do them some good—and sympathy is frequently productive of encouragement and good. To dwell upon the passions and crimes of the wicked is indeed the most harmful of all morbid indulgences, on the great law that like begets like. On one is benefitted by it and the world is made more miserable for your delusions and abject misery. The great daily papers, in publishing as news a compendium of the evil deeds of the world, are educating people to look on the dark side of things, and thus the world is becoming depressed in contemplating woes that do not per sonally concern themselves. Xo won der that intemperance, crime and in sanity are on the increase in the large cities and social centers, where the mor bid conditions of mind grow out of evil habits that abound in such environ ments. Do not some of our best-meaning Christians err in teaching that, under all circumstances, this is “a world of woe; that man is as prone to evil as the sparks are to fly upward" and “a vale of tears'' instead of the bright and joyous world that by nature it is with its clear blue skies, bright sunshine, beautiful flowers, bright joyous child ren. youths and maidens and good and hopeful people. There is enough good, beautiful and true in this world to contemplate to raise people above the morbid and groveling condition of de sponding sin and wickedness, and make this world a veritable heaven and es tablish our heirship to the angelic hosts of paradise. The person who contem plates the good, the beautiful and true —the work of philanthropists and heroes actuated by good and moral impulses, is not only a good man, but a moral and happy one. lie is prepared in his heart for every emergency and every event gives him perfect trust in the Great Dispenser of ail things, and with a glad heart he enters into the work of the present life as a stepping stone to a higher. Such a man sees woes only to do what he can to alleviate them. There is the light of hope in his eye. He admires Xature in all its charming beauty and sees and appreciates many beauties on every hand that are over looked by the less observing or passion blinded devotee to sin and gloom. lie is cheerful because he contemplates the good deeds of a man and lives on the bright side of life. THE FIRE FIEAD. The most fearful calamity that has ever befallen a community in this state, is that which overtook the towns of Hinckley, Sandstone, Shell Lake, Mis sion Creek, Baronnette, Miller, Crom well and Wright on Saturday last. At that time the towns mentioned were literaly wiped from the face of the earth by that fell destroyer, the lire fiend. The property loss was immense more especialiy in the town of Hinckley. But the saddest part of the disaster lies in the terrible loss of life some 394 persons being known to have perished up to this writing. According to ac counts of eye witnesses, the scenes en acted during this fearful holocaust must have been of the most heart rending nature. In their mad efforts to escape from the fearful flames, whole families sank to the ground, overcome by the smoke and terrible heat, or by the exhaustion incident to over strained nerves, and became victims to the devouring element. The town of Hinckley, being the largest, naturaly suffered to the greatest extent there being absolutely nothing left of more than three hundred buildings which on the morning of that sad day constituted the homes and business places of a happy and prosperous community, but which ere night had circled the earth with her sable fold had become a living tomb of fire and devastation. Oh the pity of it. Strong men trying to save their loved ones, directing and encour aging their flight from this awful hell, sink powerless to the ground, and sur rounded by those they so fondly cher ished whom they were no longer able to succor, gave up their lives and were accompanied into the unknown future by the dear wife and little ones whom an untoward fate had overtaken. It has been said that a great calamity is sure to develop a hero, and this was no exception. While this grand old state has an existence, the name of Engineer “Jim” Root and the noble band of trainmen, who by their un daunted courage, and intrepid daring were the means of rescuing and saving from a horrible fate, two hundred and fifty human beings, shall be remem bered and their heroic deeds spoken of with reverence and awe by generations yet unborn. Couspicuously does the bravery of Engineer Jim Hoot stand out at this trying, death dealing time. There, in the cab of his engine, like a man of bronze he stands, his hand on the throttle, his unflinching eye un dimned, his nerves and sinews like hardened steel, doing his best to rescue from this seething hell the load of helpless humanity that are in the train in his rear. Covered with blood from many a gaping wound, and only breath ing by the aid of water, thrown upon him by his fireman who has gallantly taken his position in the manhole of the tank, he faces almost certain death with a courage that seems more than human, finally sinking to his knees up on the cab floor from almost utter ex haustion, his grasp upon the lever never relaxes, but with a mighty effort of will he remains at his post until safety is reached, and his precious freight is no longer in danger. The marsh or Skunk Lake as it is called is a veritable city of refuge for this woe laden multitude and after hours of immersion in its slimy depths they come forth a rescued people, and, thank God, with them came noble, brave, Jim Boot weak and suffering, he is tenderly removed to his home at White Dear Lake where he now lies, fast recovering from the superhuman efforts which he made to benefit his fellow man. The true nobility of the man was shown in his reply to’ those who spoke in rap turous praise to him of his heroic efforts, looking up into the loving faces gathered around his bedside, with a wan smile hovering about his pallid lips, he said, "I only did my duty." Verily, here and hereafter Jim Hoot shall have a great reward. The smallest newspaper in the world is El Telegram published in Guadala jara, Mexico, it is four inches square. ()ur many readers will be delighted to know that they can obtain the world famous Detroit Free Press four months for only 25 cents, if you take advant age of this great offer before October 1, 1894, send at once and mention this paper when you write. Breathes there a man with soul so dead, who never to himself has said: “I'll pay, before I go to bed, the debt 1 owe the printer." Yes, there are some, we know full well, who never such a tale can tell; but they, we fear, will go to —,well, the place where there's no water. “Poker Joe's Bluff” is the leading story in the San Francisco Argonaut of September 3rd. It is from the pen of Lewis 11. Eddy, a well-known writer who has spent many years among the mining-camps of Arizona and Colorado, and it tells a very striking and charac teristic story. The Gerry society of Xew York has been distinguishing itself by arresting a little girl for selling papers on the street. The occupation may not have been a desirable one, but as the child had a sick and starving mother at home it was probably the best and the only thing she could do. A Kansas printer in making up the forms one day in a hurry got a mar riage and a grocers notice mixed up so it reads as follows: “John Smith and Ida Quay were united in the bonds of holy sour krout, which will be sold by quart or barrel. Mr. Smith is an es teemed cod fish at 10 cents, while the bride has nice pig’s feet to display. M. J. Dowling, editor of the Renville Star-Farmer, was shot late Monday night at the hotel at Renville. Marshal Henderson’s revolver accidentally drop ped from his pocket, discharging it. The ball glanced from the floor, hitting Mr. Dowling in the right arm, coming out at the back of the left shoulder. He is in a critical condition, but may re cover. A western editor says: “If men are the salt of the earth. The women are undoubtedly the sugar. Salt is a nee cessity; sugar a luxury. Vicious men are saltpetre, indifferent men are the rock salt, and nice men the table salt. Old maids are the brown suga*’, good natured matrons the loaf sugar, and the pretty girls the fine pulverized white clarified sugar.” Pass the pul verized sugar, please. John Murphy, of Laclede county, Kansas, was recently convicted of the theft of one bushel of potatoes, which he claims he stole to keep his loved ones from perishing with hunger, and was sent to the pen for five years. A short time previous, in the same state, four bank-wreckers were found guilty of stealing over a hundred thousand dollars and were sentenced to the state prison for from one to three and one half years. In accordance with the above construction of Kansas law and justice, potatoes in that state are worth about one hundred and fifty thousand dollars a bushel. Regular police were employed in Babylon 2000 years before Christ. Among the tablets discovered are found certain records believed to be reports of the arrests made by the ‘‘peelers” of that far-removed antiquity. Rome had a large police. The London watch was instituted in 1253, and as 1550 bellman were appointed to ring a bell in the streets at night and call “take care of the fire and pray for the dead.” The mid-summer number of School Education, published by the School Education Company, 807 X. Y. Life Building, Minneapolis, Minn., has reached our desk. This special number is a most beautiful compilation of journalistic art and perfection and is devoted exclusively to Nature Study and is profusely illustrated. Every tqacher in the land should procure a copy of Nature Study as it will be worth to them twenty times its cost. A Mississippi defaulter who had robbed the bank in which he was en gaged as cashier of tifty-five thousand dollars, has recently compromised with the bank at sixty cents on the dollar, in the same manner as if he were doing a mercantile business and were trying to do up his creditors. If such methods of letting big thieves escape continues to prevail, what an encour aging example of honesty and integrity it will be for the young men of the coming generation. Circuit Judge Green in a murder trial at AVilliamstown, Ky., decided that not being able to read disqualified a person from sitting on a jury. It is the first time the question has been raised we believe. Section 225 of the criminal code provides: “The court shall, on motion of either party, and before argument to the jury, instruct the jury on the law applicable to the case, which shall always be given in writing.” Congressman Dickerson made the point that each juryman should be able to read the instructions himself, and if he could not do this he was disqual ified. The judge sustained the ob jection. In Georgia female prisoners are hired out to work on the plantations as men are. The state's lease price for a convict, *12.80 a year, is the same for a woman as for a man. On Capt. Maddox's plantation of 0,000 acres a large part of the working force is com posed of female convicts. They go to work at sunrise and return at sunset. Each woman has her mule, and they take great pride in keeping them in good condition. They are not shackled, but there is a guard for every ten women. These guards carry pistols, while those for the male convicts carry guns. The women plow, dig, hoe and are as expert as the men. An exchange says that certain parties recently illustrated how easy people can be humbugged. They took a big sausage stuffing machine, rigged it up on a box at the southwest corner of the square, and inscribed on a card: “Rain machine. Rain guaranteed in five days or money refunded.” A lot of fire crackers were tired occasionly and a person on top of a building threw a shower from a sprayer. A large crowd collected and farmers subscribed to the amount of .$l5O, some putting down their names for sls, and a few ready to put up the cash. It afforded a lot of fun and shows how easily a lot of peo ple are gulled in dry times by rain making humbugs. They didn't take any money and nobody lost anything and it may do good in showing the people the character of rain making humbugs. Do a man a favor and he’ll turn the other cheek. Do him an injury and he’ll swipe you one in the neck. That’s the golden rule as most men interpret it. Logan Nation. A California policeman has fallen heir to a vast fortune and has become a count. There must be a grand flut ter among the housemaids along his beat. —11. M. Illustrated Weekly. A man sent to the penitentiary for three years for embezzlement but just pardoned after serving nearly a year, is released in time to see the only piece of property he owned sold at sheriff’s sale. —La Plata,-(Col.,) Miner. There are persons in this city who would rather trust Wiman in state prison than Dunn outside that resort, and they may be prejudiced, but we think not. One partner should not squeeze the man who has made him rich, and who, on the line of common justice, should be helped a little when in need of help, even if the man he has bene fited is not built on the broad and lib eral plan—Pomeroys Advance Thought. N. Y. The fact that Farmer Joseph Hege man spanked his eighteen-year-old daughter and that, in order to get even,, she immediately ran away and got mar ried should not set a precedent to fathers. The girl that is “spanked” into mar riage is apt to get a husband who will have it out with the old man sooner or later and serve him right into the bar gain.—Rosa Pearls Paper. Girls ought to be warned of the fearful danger to be incurred in marrying rail road men, especially brakemen. It is said that a member of that hardwork ing fraternity at Patterson on being aroused from the dream of an impend ing crash, was found by the neighbors sitting up in bed holding his wife by the ears, having nearly twisted the ter rified woman’s head off in his effectual exertions to “down brakes.” —Fargo Argus. _____ When a hindoo gets religious he leaves the world and seeks some se cluded spot where he can stop med ling with other people's business and meditate himself into heaven. Sitting day after day in one position, he grad ually loses the use of his limbs, his body becomes covered with hair, his nails grow to claws, and he becomes a bear. AVe have known some people here in America to get religious, come into the church, sit down, and remain sitting until they were overtaken with the same fate.—Free Baptist. An editor who has been pounding away at his delinquent subscribers for some time finally brought them to their sense of duty with the following poetical parody: “Lives of great men oft remind us, honest toil don’t stand a chance; more we work we leave behind us bigger patches on our pants. On our pants once new and glossy, now are patches of a different hue; all because subscribers linger and won’t pay up what is due. Then let us be up and doing; send in your mite be it e'er so small, or when the snow of winter strikes us, we shall have no pants at all." —[Collins (Iowa) Clipper. A regrettable mistake, that has led to tragic consequences, has been made by a member of the “police des moeurs” at Marseilles, France. He arrested a respectable dressmaker, aged ID years, on suspicion of being an improper character. As it was not until she had been in the prison cells for a whole night among criminals, that she suc ceeded in establishing the fact that she was of unblemished reputation, that occurrence preyed upon the young girl’s mind. “I could not bear my parents to hear of my misfortune,” she said more than once to a friend. In the end she committed suicide by suffocating her self with charcoal fumes. In a pathetic letter, written, before the deed was committed, she said, the “police are the cause of my death.”--North Bay, (Ont.,) Dispatch. The declaration of the pope's legate. Mgr. Satolli, that a large number of the Catholices are engaged in the liq uor trade is doubtless; but, in justice to the Roman Catholic Church, we ought to add the statements made recently at a meeting of the Protestant clergy at Sartoga. Mr. Daily of the Public Led ger is reported as saying that, during a six months’ investigation of the liq uor traffic, he found that, of sixty thou- sand signers of applications for licenses, a very large number were officers of government. Presbyterians and Bap tists were mentioned by name; and in the Protestant Episcopal Church, “Sun day-school teachers, trustees, and thirty seven vestry-men signed for from one to five times each,” From this it will be seen that the Protestant churches have a work to do among their own members, as well as the Romish Church among theirs. —Christian Register An interesting story of an Indian girl’s determination to gain an educa tion and lift herself up above the ig norance and degradation of her race is printed in the Buffalo Commercial. Her name is Louise Crouse, and she is a full blooded Indian, 20 years of age, and is working her way through a course at the Normal School in Oswego by scrubbing, washing, sewing—any thing she can find to do. Her life has been unusually sad, lull of discourage ment, her mother dead and her father a drunkard, but she is pluckily plodding on and enduring all sorts of privations to accomplish her object. She has yet two years of labor and study before her, and, not content with serving herself alone, she is now working hard to earn money to educate her sister, whom she intends shall begin her studies in the fall. Some Buffalo women have be come very much interested in her, and she recently has been lecturing to them on the subject of her life among her own people. Being quite accomplished as a story teller, they have also encour aged her to write legends and stories for Indian children, which may inspire them to better things.—lndianapolis, (Ind.,) Freeman.