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Vol. VIII. — No. <>. WRITE OFTEN TO THE OLD FOLKS “Write often to the old folks.” I heard a young man say Unto the lad who with him walked, One bright and spring-like day. -I know that my dear parents Can scarce afford to wait Until they get that letter long From me and sister Kate. “In fancy 1 am there. Will— So many miles away 1 see them both, the dear old iolks. With heads so bent and gray. “I see them take the letter out. And scan its pages o'er— Will, write a letter once a week. If you can do no more.” Ah! yes, my lads and lassies- From home so many miles Away from father’s kind advice, And mother’s loving smiles. Pray, don’t neglect the old folks. They think so much of you, And write a letter once a week. Whatever else you do. And let your words be tender— With fond expressions then — For well they cherish every line That comes from your dear pen. Their days may not be many- Their journey’s almost through— Write olten to the old folks, then. They think so much of you. Our paper. CHARACTERISTICS OF GREAT MEN Andrew Jackson and Abraham Lincoln, the Greatest Statesmen America has Produced. The characteristics of Andrew Jack son and Abraham Lincoln bear a striking resemblance. For rugged hon esty, they stand with a coterie of few, high above many whose brilliancy was greater, but whose common sense was less. The former came upon the stage as a leading character in 1812, and from that date until his death, no man had more to do with shaping our nation's course. II is rise from obscure birth without wealth or educational advantages, and reaching the Presi dential chair during the time such illus trious men as Clay, Webster, Calhoun, Benton, Adams, and others were striv ing to reach it, shows clearly the strong masterful intellect he possessed. Few men have had more bitter enemies or more stalwart friends. Ilis political victories over the scholarly John Quincy Adams, the matchless orators Henry Clay and Daniel Webster, were re markable accomplishments for a man raised in the wilds of Tennessee. In 1814 we see him defending New Orleans against the invasion of an English army, the llower of European troops, armed with the most improved guns of that date, with otlicers well schooled in the art of war. To meet this formidable array of veterans, Jackson had under his command an undisciplined army of back-woodsmen, armed with citizen's rides. What his troops lacked in discipline and arms however, they made up with courage. What their leader lacked in knowledge of military tactics he made up in com mon sense. Ilis thorough knowledge of his men, led him to make the best of every advantage, the consequence was he gained a brilliant victory. In 1824 his admirers placed him in the presidential race; his opponents were Henry Clay the world renowned orator and statesmen, and John Quincy Adams, whose father succeeded Wash ington as President, whose education was second to none; with ancestors of such traditional ability as to raise him among the foremost families of his day; also William H. Crawford, a very learned man from the same section of the country as Jackson. After an ex ceedingly bitter campaign, the elector al vote stood Jackson 98, Adams 84, Crawford 42, Clay 36, no canidate re ceiving a majority of the whole vote, the election was thrown into the house of representatives. Clay then threw his strength to Adams, Crawford’s' strength was divided, consequently Adams was nominated. His first offi cial act was the appointment of Henry Clay, as secretary of state, which was sufficient evidence to show that a com bination was made, defeating the will of the people in electing Adams pres ident. The old adage, “all things come to those who wait/' proved true in this instance. In 1828 Jackson defeated Adams by an overwhelming majority, and Henry Clay’s ambition to the high est office of his country was never re alized, his attacks of Jackson's admin istration fell harmless against those they sought to injure. Jackson with the honest character istics of his life, fought the infamous United States bank law, and through his influence the bill for its re-charter was defeated, and thus there passed from existence one of the most cor rupt institutions with which our country has been cursed. During his administra tion, John C. Calhoun, one of the most brilliant men America has ever seen in its legislative halls, advised its state to pass laws nullifying United States laws; his state (South Carolina) duly passed the same, but Jackson met the emergency with such an iron hand, that even the lirin Calhoun was forced to recede, and thus a civil war was avoided by the firmness and celerity of the President. Jackson's advice to Calhoun and the leaders of the nullifi cation acts was, “look out, Calhoun, you are liable to be hung.” Which advice was heeded ere the hanging was nec essary. Abraham Lincoln like Jackson was born in poverty, of obscure parentage, but with the same vigorous and never failing intellect, raised himself to the highest pinnacle of fame. We have a! ways been opposed to his political faith, but his virtues, his ability, his hon esty, his success over such opposition will ever confirm him in our opinion one of the greatest men the nation has ever produced. To see a man raised under such disadvantages, meeting such powerful men as Stephen A. Doug las, John C. Breckinridge upon the hustings and coming out victorious, and leading such men as Chase and Seward in his own party shows great strength of character; even this in itself makes the blindest partizan concede ability equaled by few public men. We see a country lawyer elected Pres ident of the greatest republic on earth, rent by dissension, in open rebellion, friends and enemies mixed in one con glomerated mass, with grave questions arising with foreign countries. Dip lomatic, a word we use in this day to express action by some leading editor representing the L nited States at a foreign court, at a high salary, in an insignificant matter, but faintly ex presses the wise services rendered by Lincoln. It was an easy matter for Grant with one hundred and fifteen thousand men to capture Lee with twenty-six thousand at Appomatox, but not so easy to be almost thorougn ly routed at Shilo, or Pittsburg Landing by Albert Sidney Johnson, with equal armies, and we have heard Grant com pared to Lincoln. Had Lincoln listen ed to his councilors and issued an em ancipation proclamation upon assum ing the Presidency in 1800, Missouri and Kentucky would have seceded, thousands of men would have swelled the ranks of the confederacy; one seventh of the union army were southern men, these would have been lost to the union. We have read many histories of the last man, but up to date we have not seen a solitary mis take made by Abraham Lincoln. From his cabinet come no dissensions with their chief, from congress no com plaint of executive mistakes could be made, from his generals every wish was a command. This green country law yer managing a corps of diplomats, ad vising upon many questions without “IT IS NEVER TOO LATE TO MEXD.” STILLWATER, MINNESOTA, SEPTEMBER 13, 1894 precedent, managing the largest army of modern times, advising congress upon | grave matters; verily this uneducated man undoubtedly possessed an enor- i mous brain. We see Johnson upon assuming the Presidential chair led by Seward in his official acts, how differ ent with Lincoln! Seward always followed Lincoln. Lincoln was born in Todd county Kentucky, the same county was the birth place of Jett'er erson Davis, one year earlier. The I former moved with his parents to 111- ] inois, and at an early age imbued the ! sentiments of his adopted state, the latter to Mississippi and imbued the sentiments of Dixie. To climb the ladder of fame, man must necessarily have opposition; such was*the case with Jackson and Lincoln, they incurred the enmity of many whose hereditary training and birth led them to believe they were the proper ones to lead the American peo ple. These country boys however, demonstrated the fact that they were fully competent to manage the af fairs of the nation as easily as they managed the plow. Texas Mo 2. EASY TO MULTIPLY HAPPINESS. It is the Little Act, the Kind Smile and Gentle Word Which Soften the Hearts of Men. ; Looking over the last isuie of The Mirkoii, 1 came across an article head ed, “A Kind Word.’' After reading the article 1 thought I \v< aid write on a similar subject, only giving it a more ; extensive scope, it is an easy matter to multiply happiness all along the pathway of life, if we but have the ! desire to do so, and only louk for the opportunity. In many a life a smile is j a stranger, and to bestow good cheer j upon that person is to confer a pleasure that shall remain long an oasis in the forbidden desert through which the way of life leads for such a one. Mnl j titudes may be rendered happy by tri j ties. A word, a smile, a nod. do the work. You meet a child in the street, i and as it lifts its inquiring eyes to your | | face you give it both a word and a | ! smile* and it passes on with a new j j sense of happiness. The opportunity I i arises for doing a favor to a stranger, j | He may not be arrayed in purple or J ! tine linen, and the feeling of humility | I plainly to be read upon his features, \ betokens the fact that he, far from faring sumptuously every day, is in decidedly mean circumstances in lite. But you do not seem to notice this, and j reply to his inquiries or confer the favor asked with the politeness and kindness you would bestow upon a millionaire. The action is a simple one, Ino more than should expected from j any man to his fellow man, but the ; memory of kind words and polite atten : tion remains to bless one, it may be I who has been a stranger to deference and kind words. We sometimes, in the rush and hurry of business life, overlook the liner graces of life and talk slightingly of smiles and kind words as things that remain for ladies and carpet knights who have time for such unnecessaries. But there is time in the busiest life for politeness, con sideration for others. I once knew of a poor washerwoman, who had been recognized and saluted in the street by one of the busiest, and one of the most successful merchants in the city where I lived. “He lifted his hat to me,” she exclaimed, and the dear old soul thought of the simple action for days after, her life putting on an added brightness and respectability with the pleasant remembrance. It pays to give time for the cheap pleasures of life that comes through the simple lit tle courtesies and tender graces of kind words and smiles. Life is very busy, it is true, but brighten it by un selfishness and consideration for others, the world rises from the degree of a mere workshop to that of a place of pleasure and happiness. Multiply the cheap pleasures. C. E. PLUCK. Be Sure you Have a Good Object in View, and Then Pursue it. The modern definition of this word is boldness, resolution, inflexibility of purpose, firmness of will, determina tion to succeed at all hazards in what ever enterprise one may be engaged in. Xo one ever became great, or suc- I ceeded in this world, without the posses- I sion of these qualities. 'A ashington ! had them in an eminent degree. He | first marked out his course, and then pursued it to the end. D.sappoint ments and defeats never discouraged him. and when checked for a time in one quarter he tried another course and kept on it until he accomplished his purpose. This was what made Gen eral Grant a great man. Other great generals tried to tight their way through the enemies' country, were checked, discouraged, fainthearted, then retired and their places tilled by others who were no more successful. General Grant gave evidence of his great qualities— inflexibility of purpose and rirmness of will while in command of armies in the West, and Donelson, Shiloh and Vicksburg fell before his boldness and determination. Called to the command of the Army of the Potomac, when the Union people were discouraged and almost disheartened at the numerous defeats of our armies in the East, he entered into the work with his usual pluck. He electrified the country by his famous dispatch —“I will tight it out on this line if it takes all summer! —and then pounded away until the Confederate forces dissolved 1 efore his sturdy blows, and the American Union was saved. Edison, the great “elec trical wizard," commenced a struggle for existence as a poor newsboy, and early gave evidence that he was posses sed of an unbounded amount of pluck and never permitted poverty to dis courage him. Day and night he labored diligently at whatever he found to do, studying over some problem that arose in his mind at times for sixty hours in succession without stopping to eat or sleep until he discovered the thing he sought for. in this way he made those most remarkable discoveries that other eminent electricians deemed to be impossible. These exhibitions of pluck in time enabled him to fill the world with wonder and made him fa mous and immensely wealthy. But for his resolution and determination many : of the now familiar and valuable elec- I trical devices would not probably have | been discovered m many years to come, |if ever. All the really useful and great ! men of the world have pursued similar ; courses in the lines of study or enter- I prise in which they were engaged. The i discovery of America was accomplished j by the indomitable pluck of Columbus, j who never allowed opposition and dis ! couragements to battle him. All great explorers in the wilds of Africa or in the- frozen zones were men of pluck. Stephen Girard, the great Philadelphia millionaire, labored under great disad vantages for many years, but he had a purpose in view, determined to be the richest, greatest and most eminent merchant of his time, fought on regard-' less of opposition, and success linaily crowned his efforts, and unabied him to become one of the greatest benefac tors of his age. And so it has been since the days when Moses led the children of Isreal through the wilder ness, pluck is sure to win in the end. Xo boy, no matter how poor he may be when he starts in the world, need ever be discouraged if he is only blessed with pluck of the right kind. Be sure you have a good object in view, and then pursue it with inflexibility of pur pose, firmness and will, and never per mit yourself to be turned aside by oppo sition, or become discouraged by tem porary defeats, and the result will be victory in the end. —The Advance. The liar lives next door to the thief Tetdiuio. 1 Snooper year, in advance. I tkivio. 'i Hix M on th S oocents. BILL ERWIN’S PRAYER Lord let This Good man Look Upon me in my Poverty and Lend me Pive Dollars. Of W. W. Erwin, St. Paul's criminal lawyer who has been called to defend Debs, Major Ilandy relates in the Inter Ocean the following story: Mr. Erwin is not yet more than 40 years of age, but is one of the best law yers in the West, and his record as one who never lost a case at the criminal bar led to his engagement as counsel for the Homestead strikers two years ago. Like Debs, however, he was a wild young man and had his season of idleness, poverty and disrepute. Out in St. Paul they tell a good story of that period of his life. He lived after a fashion, in a small room in an upper story of a large building devoted to the business of a certain Mr. Ingersoll, who was at the head of a great retail estab lishment employing a large number of men and women. Mr. Ingersoll was prominent in the church, but had the reputation of being a pretty severe task-master. One day Erwin met his wealthy landlord on the stairs and asked a loan of $5. Ingersoll looked at him not unkindly but with some disgust and said: “Come down stairs with me, Erwin. I want to have a little talk with you.” They went down in the basement to gether and there, amid the litter of old packing boxes and refuse of the shop upstairs, Ingersoll talked to the younger man like a father. He told him how he was going to the dogs, inveighed against his shiftlessness and his wasted oppor tunities and told him how surely his slavery to drink would bring him to grief, disgrace and perhaps to death. Erwin seemed just as much affected and was more so when Ingersoll said: “Mow kneel down with me, my boy, and let us pray to God to forgive you and enable you to resist temptation. They knelt, and the prayer that arose was fervent and eloquent, but, perhaps, in the opinion of the subject, a little too emphatic and specific in the enumera tion of his short-comings. As soon as lngersoll said “Amen,” he turned to go away, but Erwin said: “Hold on, Mr. lngersoll; you have been very kind to me and 1 appreciate your prayers. In deed I feel like praying now myself. Will you kneel down with me.” Somewhat surprised, but delighted none the less at the other’s evident peni tence, lngersoll knelt again, with Erwin by his side. With the advantages of an early reiigious acquaintance, Erwin had the gift of prayer himself, and he prayed as earnestly and eloquently, as long and even louder than his friend, for the sound brought some of lngersoll s employes to the head of the stairs. “O Lord,” he said, “help me to feel my wickedness and to appreciate all that this good man is doing for me. But, O Lord, bless Mr. lngersoll too, and make him a better man. Thou hast blessed him with an abundance of worldly goods; thou hast blessed him, as the good book says, in basket and in store; thou hast given him more than his share of the good things of this life. But, O Lord, thou knowest that he has been unworthy of the least of these thy blessings. Thou knowest that he is charged with grinding the faces of the poor, and that the widow and the orphan in his employ find it pretty hard to have meat more than once a day and pay their car fare. Thou knowest he is too apt to turn a deaf ear to thy suffering poor. Lord make him a better man, make him humble, make him liberal, , loosen the bowels of his compassion, and to show that our prayers are an . swered, let him look upon me in my poverty right now and lend me $5. . And thine shall be the glory! Amen.” The praises of an enemy are suspici ous; they cannot flatter a man of honor until after a cessation of hostilities. —Ex.