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Vol. VIII.—No. 2H.
IF WE ONLY UNDERSTOOD ItiNOTA. §£' ould we but draw back the curtains That sruround eacli other’s lives, See the naked heart and spirit. Know what spur the action gives, Often we would find it better. If we enly understood. Could we judge all deed by motives, See the good and bad within, Often we should love the sinner All the while we loathe the sin. Could we know the powers working To o’erthrow integrity. We should judge each other’s errors With more patient charity. If we knew the cares and trials. Kuew the effort all in vain And the bitter disappointment. Understood the loss and gain. Would the grim, external roughness Seem, I wonder, just the same? Would we help, where now we hinder? Would we pity where we blame? Ah! we judge each other harshly. Knowing not life’s hidden force. Knowing not the fount of action Is less turbid at its source. Seeing not amid the evil All the golden grains of good; ■i )h! we’d love each other better If we only understood. In Santa Marie. BEAL DOW’S WATCHffOBDS ffi THE TWENTIETH CENTER!. AN ORATION, BY JOSEPH COOK, DE LIVERED AT PROHIBITION PARK. STATEN ISLAND. JUNE 3, 1894, AT THE CELEBRATION OF NEAL DOW’S NINETI- ETH BIRTHDAY pate thistles from one farm while its It is characteristic of Neal Dow’s I neighbors all allow thistles to grow, temperance program that he has united j and their seed to float on every wind. “TTe best *of the proposals of re-1 Even if the farms of a whole state, or a formers before his time with the best! cluster of states, were to agree to extir of those made by his contemporaries, j pate noxious weeds, they would find His great principles are total abstinence j difficulty in doing so as long as the for the individual, total prohibition by national highways through .hose states the state. But he believes, also, in | allowed these weeds to grow at the thorough education of the masses in re- roadsides. J gard t . temperance issues. He is in There is a sense in winch adequate full svmbathv with most advanced m-j prohibition in states is hinde culcations of science concerning total | neglect of it by the nation. lo be abstinence, and would have these | wholly successful, prohibition of the taught everywhere in the common; liquor tralhc. like that of the slave schools. He is a firm friend of the trade, needs to be not only state an Woman's Christian I’emperauce Union, national, but also international A . and very especially of the work for the states around the North Sea enteed Scientific Temperance Instruction. He in 18*7, into an agreement to piohibit has succeeded under a broad suffrage., the sale of intoxicating liquors to sea mid is an advocate of a yet wider ballot men in their ports. Among theparties he believes in womans suffrage. He to this memorable compact were Lng has never underrated moral andreiigious I land, France, Denmark. Belgium an agitation for the support of the temper- j Holland. W hat has been done for pro ance cause, lie is anxious to secure hibition all around the North Sea the co-operation of the churches in ought to be done for it all around the both moral and political measures for world. iat . the suppression of the traffic, lie Prohibition in the l ulled btates has believes that church members who are I been hindered by the diversion ot al ters should so use their suffrage as tention from the temperance reform to make the traffic an outlaw, lie was by our necessary preoccupation in one one of the founders of the Republican of the greatest civil wars known to the Partv, but advocates a reorganization whole tide of recorded time, of politics for the purpose of securing It has been hindered by an immense state and national prohibition, iegisla- influx of unassimilated immigration live and constitutional. it has been hindered by the phenome- Is it said that the Neal How program nal growth ot great cities, in the temperance reform is impractica- It has been hindered by the notorious ble? That program, as we have seen, sovereignty of the saloon in average consists chiefly of two proposals-total municipal politics. abstinence by the individual, political It has been hindered by the timid y, prohibition by the state. My conten- trickery and treachery of fl ft h- rd te tion is that in both its parts the pro- politicians, anxious not to offend the gram has been proved by half a century wffiisky \ ote .... •., of history to be not only practicable, It has been hindered by the apa y but invincible. and somnolence of church members Total abstinence is now the watch- Four millions of Protestants and about word of the best life assurance societies, a million of Catholics in the United These cool commercial organizations States are at once church members and assure us that a man in middle life has voters. Most Protestant churches now at least a third better chance of long exciude rum-sellers from church mem- Chapter 111 ; life as a total abstainer than as a i moderate drinker. Many life assurance societies divide their clients into two | sections—total abstainers and moderate I drinkers—and often tind that they must pay bonus or premium of 18, 20 and 23 per cent to the former, so much less is their average mortality than that of the latter. Athletic clubs agree with life assurance societies in reverence for total abstinence. Thirty-nine of the. forty-four states i of the American union have now made 1 Scientific Temperance Instruction of I the young mandatory. This instruction, wherever approved text-books are used, is keyed up to the level of total abstinence. Among the writers of such approved text-books are such men at I Sir Benjamin Richardson, of London and Prof. Newall Martin, of the Chaii ! of Biology, in Johns Hopkins Univer I sity, Baltimore, a Fellow' of the Roya j Society. All the schools under the care j ! of the national government, including | educational institutions in all the terri-! | tories, the naval school at Annapolis j I and the military at West Point, are j under law's for compulsory Scientific ! Temperance Instruction. Read your Appleton's Annual Cyclopedia for 1892, and you will find in that non-partisan | publication adequate honor placed up on this movement and its leader, Mrs, j Hunt, of Boston. It is too late for city clubs, or even the . resident of Harvard II University, to sneer at total abstinence. Total abstinence is a closed issue in j adequately enlightened circles. lint it has always been admitted that prohibition by the state logically fol lows general acceptance of the policy of total abstinence by the individual. * IV. Political prohibition has had great hindrances, but also strategic triumphs. Prohibition is hindered, in the first place, by the necessary isolation of its beginnings, and the contagion of un reformed, is like attempting to extir- “IT IS NEVER TOO EATE TO WEXP.” STILLWATER, MINNESOTA,’ JANUARY 31, 1895 bership. To do this, and yet to allow church members to yote unrebuked to legalize rum-selling, is fiat self-contra diction and moral dishonor. V. It is often debated whether rum-sell ing is a sin per se, or only a sin in its consequences. This query need not detain long an alert and practical mind. Whether a sin in itself, or only in its i consequenbes, or in both respects, it is j certain that rum-selling as a business ! is so mischievous that after many de cades of discussion, the general Protest ant rule is to exclude the rum sellei j from church membership. This large ; and indisputable temperance fact ha* i manY sides; 1. Any business* which justly ex eludes the man w’ho practices it fron church membership cannot be consist ently licensed, or in any way legalize by Christian votes. One and the sam church cannot, without self-centre diction,exclude rum sellers from churc membership and also favor tli legal sanction of rum-selling. It cai not, in reason or honor, with one han make rum-sellers, and with the oth< ! excommunicate rum-sellers. 2. Any business which justly ex- i eludes the man who practices it from j church membership cannot be legalized | without sin. This is the official decla ration of the Methodist < hurch in the | United States, and is the level to which ; all churches that exclude rum-sellers j from church membership ought, in I simple Christian consistency, to rise. Logical consistency requires this level. it. Any business which justly ex cludes the man who practices it from church membership ought not to be legalized by the state, nor should the i state have any partnership in such business. It is from the point of view of this fact that the (iottenberg system, ! which provides for the continuance of ! the traffic under state management, is i seen to be vicious in principle. 4. Any business which justly ex cludes the man who practices it from church membership cannot be legalized by a free state depending on the votes of a free church which excludes rum sellers from membership, unless by the disloyalty of Christians to their princi j pies. 5. As no rum-seller ought to be a | church member, no political party that j proposes to legalize rum-selling can be ■ consistently supported by Christian ; votes. These five propositions are only the different sides of a single pentagon. If the churches were consistent with themselves, and were to exhibit una nimity within the defenses of this pen tagon, there is no political party in the nation whose policy, in regard to the liquor traffic might not be brought gradually into harmony with Christian principles. Let the churches make the liquor traffic an outlaw, and ultimately the state must do so. Not only do most 1 rotestant churches now exclude rum sellers from church membership, and not only has it beer officially affirmed by the Metliodisl Church in the Northern States that th< liquor traffic can never be legalizet without siu, but the Methodist ( hurcl in the Southern States has lately de dared that a church member who sign an application for a license commit not only an indiscretion, but an im morality. These are great and mernoi able deliverances. Other denomination are rising with more or less rapidity to the Methodist level of consistency. What one part of the chnrch recognizes as immorality, the other parts cannot much longer treat as merely indiscre tion. The hour of the total divorce of the church and the liquor traffic draws nigh, and may God hasten it! My propositions are two: 1. That no religious denominations which excludes rum-sellei's from church membership can consistently allow its members to vote to legalize it. 2. That it is not seemly nor safe, j and will not be long possible, for the : churches to be divided against them i selves in such way that what some de nominations treat as immorality others treat aa simply an indiscretion. Two standards as to the morality of legalizing the liquor traffic will not long exist side by side in the churches of free nations. The whole trend of public sentiment shows that church members will soon be regarded every where as committing an immorality when they vote to legalize the liquor traffic. All the churches will sooner i or later rise to the standard temper ; ance level. As Neal Dow himself has said, “The liquor traffic exists in this . country today only by the snffrance of i the membership of the Christian - churches. They are masters of tin 1 situation so far as abolition of tin 3 traffic is concerned. When they say go - j and vote <)o, it will go." r, j (TO BE CONTINUED.) j ARE ALL CONVICTS DISHONEST. ~j A Belief That Many are Humane and Honest. If you were to ask some good and * “unconvicted" citizen as to where would be most likely to tind all of the ignorance, brutality, and general human depravity of the whole state concen- j trated. he would without doubt direct you to the State Prison. As it is the ! mission of Thk Mirkou to rellect the I rays of truth as it actually exists - upon ■ the inside, to the immaculate world i upon the outside. 1 would as one of its | least competent contributors, attempt |to confute this prevalent beliel. That j depravity and perhaps brutality, and a I I great deal of ignorance are extant in i every penal institution is admitted, and possibly ninty-five per cent of the , j inmates of every state prison are justly ! i and deservedly undergoing punishment J for some act committed either mali j ciously, or in an unguarded momeni . ; wVion rftasnii hud been dethroned bi some of the stronger passions. But | that the act of crime or the conviction ! thereof excludes the subject from all j the ennobling qualities of mankind, is j an abhorrent thought and is as base as it is untrue. Why distinguish between the convicted and unconvicted felon? ! it is a fact too well known to be worthy lof repetition that the unconvicted j rogues far outnumber their less for | tunate brethren, whose crimes against j state and humanity would sink into nothingness the petty misdemeanors for which hundreds of men are “doing time,’’ and yet he is not c nsidered a freak, a living statue of vice and bru tality. I imagine that visitors to the institution after paying a small ad mission fee which contributes to feed the intellect of the “freak!” in the form i of well selected books expect to be s shown a museum tilled with monstrosi ■ ties, things having the form, and walk ing upright like men, but intuitively 5 they assure themselves that they art 1 not real men. the assumption isabsured 1 for have they not paid to see some *■ tViirinr rliffprpnt, V Generosity is an essential quality in every complete personnel. Tis said “God loveth a cheerful giver” if so how true it is that we who are only imperfect imitations of divinity should love those who contribute to our comfort or pleasure from their own scanty stock. Judging from what I have seen and experienced, were I looking for unex celled generosity I would go among the inmates of some penal institution. I have seen a “horrid convict” smuggle half his dinner to a miserable half starved cat that had been chased and worried by some humane man s dog. There are men in the prison who are perfectly honest, and there are men whose veracity is undoubted by those who know them. There are others whose conscientious scruples in regard to the appropriation of the worldly goods of their neighbor may be weal Tcdmo . I sl.OOper year, in advance, i tKMb. ( six Mouths 00cents. but who still posses many noble quali ties which endear them to those by whom they aje best known. Ido not wish to assume that the creme de la creme of society in general is doing compulsory penance for fractured statutes, that all the noble and good men of the state are shut away from the gaze of the vulgar populace, but I do wish to aver that there are a great many man here who expect in the near future to mingle again with the world and who are honestly striving to pre j pare themselves to become useful j citizens, if the world will permit them. “Crispin.” A TEMPERANCE LECTURE Translated From Vagteren for The Prison Mirror, by J. P. J. A man pale, shivering and dressed in rags, a short time ago walked i into the Sherman house in Chicago, iHe appeared to be about 35 years 1 of age, and his face bore the stamp | of intelligence, which, even the exces | sive use of intoxicants, had not sue ■ ceeded in erasing, lt was plainly tc I be seen that he had experienced “bet i ter days." He stepped slowly up th< stairs and approached the doorkeeper. Turning politely to the latter, he said: “Have pity on me and permit me to rest here, l have taken poison and will die;” and exhausted, he sank into a chair. lie was taken to. the i county hospital where he expired. Who was this unfortunate stranger? ; The police soon found the answer. He | was the son of a millionaire. His i mother lives in (Ihicago, and her fort* I une amounts to one million dollars. I The young man had with his fathers i assistance established a business in New York, and became within a short time, himself a millionaire; a young and beautiful wife and a budding son, i apparently completed his happiness. I liut he drank. His eagerness for the i finwin (r howl became stronger year by yeai; he neglected his business and his family, his wife secured a divorce and he was soon a bankrupt. Rap idly he now trod the path that leads to destruction; he had attempted to drown his sorrows in the fiery liquid, but for him, as for all, it was an im possibility. Ilis body and mind were soon completely ruined. His family exhausted every means in an effort to save him. but too late; his mother would have sacrificed herself to save him, but to no purpose. Now and then, they would give him sums of money, a week before his death, his mother dressed him up and gave him money, but in a few days he reappeared dressed in the vilest rags and begging for more, but even a mothers patience will succomb;. his demands for money were refused, and the next day he took his own life by poison. This was an ending his mother did not dream of, when he in youth's earlist spring-time, touched the 1 first social glass in refined society. THE AMERICAN BOY American boys are expected to be come manly men. The mother of every boy is expected to teach him to be obedient to pai'ental authority, to the civil law, and to acquire a trade, a business or an art —and by which he may earn an honest living. This is a duty to self, to family, to friends, to the state, to the nation. When it is neglected, and boys grow up in ignor ance and idleness, society is taxed for their support, either in her reforma tories, her jaiis, hospitals or asylums. How much better and cheaper it would be to have every boy properely educat ed, trained and disciplined, so that he would be a blessing instead of a curse to the world. The Exile. Scandal breeds hatred; hatred begets division; division makes faction, and faction brings ruin.—Quarles,