Newspaper Page Text
• / No. 28 Vol. VIII lAL DOW’S WATCSffOis FOE Tl WITH CENTURY AN ORATION, BY JOSEPH COOK. DE LIVERED AT PROHIBITION PARK, STATEN ISLAND. JUNE 3, 1894. AT THE CELEBRATION OF NEAL DOW’S NINETI ETH BIRTHDAY. vCII A PT EI* V 11, hi spite all hindrances, however, Prohibition lias had gl’f&t triumphs. After thirty-three years’ trial of the Maine Law, Neal Dow's state placed The prohibitory principle in her Con stitution, and no political party would dare to propose to repeal it. Kansas, lowa. Vermont, show the immense util ity of Prohibition, and so does the his tory of its genuine reign in any other of the several states that ha ve been able, under party government, to adopt it even for a season. The huge province of Ontario, by a recent vote, called for Prohibition. Thirty-three states of the American Union have recognized the soundness l»f the principle of Prohibition by giv ing counties the right of local option in regard to the liquor traffic. The seed that the hand of Neal Dow has scattered at home and abroad, springs up already in the vernal season of a better age to coyie. It struggles with a surly soil, indeed, and sometimes with tierce north winds and unseason able frosts. It is trodden upon by the split hoofs of greed, fraud, ignorance and unnatural appetite. But the sun :s its friend; every shower from heaven drops upon it as a benediction; and the aarvest is as sure to be plenteous at last as the orb of advancing day is to continue on its course. Do you wish to help the poor? Out law the liquor traftic, which adds one thousand millions annually to the wastes and burdens of the Republic. Do you wish to cut the tap-root of the cancer of political corruption in great cities ? ( Hitlavv the liquor trallic, which makes the rum-sellers at once our rob bers and our rulers. As Neal Dow has said. “There is a iew agency now coming rapidly to the front in this country. It is woman's suffrage. 11 has one class of opponents j that will never say die —that is, unscru pulous politicians and prominent men of unsavory lives and smirched reputa tion, so many of whom now direct pub lic affairs and determine public politics, 'hich people know very well that such as they will speedily drop out of the ranks as leaders of the country when women have the power, through the ballot-box, to say no!" As a safe rallying cry for electoral re form, I venture to suggest these words: No Sex, No S lt irks, No Simpletons in Suffrage. By no simpletons I mean the reading test. I would not take the bal lot from any man who has it now, but l would follow the advice of General Grant and of many others of our great publicists, and proclaim by law that all who come into this country by birth or immigration after a certain date, to be announced in advance, say 1900 or 1925, and have the privileges of our'common schools, and do not learn to read and write, shall never vote until they do learn. By no shirks I mean compulsory voting. Dudley Field, the greatest law reformer of our century, has earnestly advocated this measure. If a man has the right to vote and does not exercise it, and can give no decent excuse, such s illness or necessary absence, tine him, and put the tine into the educational fund. A bill proposing this measure came recently within six votes of pass ing the Massachusetts Senate. Similar! legislation has been favorably discussed j in the Legislatures of Maryland and j New York. Compulsory voting was j the rule in certain important cases in ; ancient Athens. It is now the law in some of the cantons of Switzerland. Absenteeism at the polls is an enorm ous peril in both national and local elec tions in the United States. When these two safeguards of the reading test and compulsory voting have been se cured. then it will be safe to say No Sex in suffrage. lam authorized by several leading advocates of equal suffrage to say that they are in favor of these preliminary safeguards. AY hat lightning is to the oak, woman's ballot would be to the liquor traffic and its ! allied vices, and for one. 1 say. Cod send j us that lightning! yin. Neal Dow has had among his con temporaries all the presidents of the United States except Washington; nearly all the judges of the Supreme Court, and every ruler of Europe since William 111. and the Bourbons. 11 is life has been parallel with those of Bismarck and Victor lingo, John Bright and Gladstone, Lincoln, Phillips and Garrison, Sumner, Seward, Grant, Sher man, Father Mathew, Gough, Beecher, Frances Willard, Lady Somerset and General Booth. Who among them all has maintained i greater consistency in the advocacy of j humanitarian reform than he? Who! has exhibited greater courage or un- 1 selfishness, or indeed has had a cause j to champion more commanding in im-! portance at the present hour, or more j vital in its relations to the future of humanity? There is more need of man's emancipation from intemperance than there ever was of the emancipa tion of certain states from political bondage, or of certain classes of the population from slavery. Mr. Gladstone maintains that the liquor traffic, because of the continuity of its ravages, has done more mischief in the Anglo-Saxon world than war, pestilence and famine taken together. The liquor traffic no doubt adds more to the wastes and burdens of English | speaking lands than slavery ever did. i It has more monev behind it than slave ry ever had in this Republic. Slavery never caused a national loss of a thou sand millions annually, nor occasioned the death of a hundred thousand citi zens m any one year before the Civil War. The majesty of the reform which Neal Dow has led is to be measured by the magnitude of the mischiefs he has attacked in their stronghold. It is to be estimated also by the relation of these evils to a great variety of other injurious growths of corruption in poli tics, industry, the home, and even the church. We may well salute our hero as the circumnavigator of the whole globe of reform, for his principles, if carried out, touch all latitudes and longitudes of the foremost human interests. Total abstinence is a closed question in the high places of science. Athletics and life assurance teach total abstinence. Scientitic Temperance Instruction in the schools of thirty-nine states, is keyed up to the level of total abstinence principles. All this forbids a comprom ise temperance program in the schools. And this forbids a compromise program in the churches. And the attitude of the schools and the churches will ulti mately forbid a compromise temperance program in politics. For one I am profoundly convinced that only the Neal Dow program in temperance is fit to be the Watchword of the Twentieth Century. Only Neal Dow’s program will prevent the division and misdirection of the temperance forces. United in support of Neal “IT IS .NEVER TOO LATE TO MEAD.” STILLWATER, MINNESOTA, FEBRUARY 14, 1895, Dow's program, the temperance forces of the modern world, by the blessing of Heaven, would be certain of educa tional, social, religious and political triumph. The Statue of Liberty at the New ! York gates of the ocean and the Statue of Faith on the Plymouth shores are sisters. I never pass through XewYoik Harbor or visit Plymouth Bock with out seeming to hear the two statues ; converse with each Other. The Statue of Liberty I always overhear saying in Webster's words: “Liberty and Union, now and forever, one and inseparable.’ j And the Statue of Faith replies: “Lib erty and Union, ljow and forever, one , and inseparable, but these are possible only to a people wl&se < lod is the Lord." And today I hear both Liberty and Faith uttering in unison words of Nea! ( Dow. with which vVe sLa.il agree and ‘ which. God grant, the future may in dorse: “We forbid the bans of rum, religion and politics. But, in the name lof God and humanity, we proclaim a | union, holy and indissoluble, of affec tion. as well as of- interest, between i Temperance, Religion and . clitics, of I every party and every sect. ; Rapt vigil keeping, day and night. In panoply of gracious might, j Two stately sisters solemn stand ; And guard' a great and goodly land: I Fair Faith on Plymouth's sacred shore, I Where Pilgrim tioa? evermore; ! Tall Liberty', where commerce waits I The Tide of vast Atlantic's gates. i With velvet feet the years go by, i And Liberty, with torch on high, i Saith: “Give me freedom or 1 die." ! But Faith points upward with a sigh j And answers: “Hallowedbe Ilis name, | Who gives to every star its Hame." “My torch illumines land and sea. | I lead the sphere," saith Liberty. I “Who lights your torch?" fair Faith replies. •*Your hand with mine lifteth the skies. All torches lit from nether tire In God's deep breathing must expire: No torch not lighted at the stars Can rule on land or ocean bars. Join hands with me. tall Liberty, And so shall we be one and free.” The sisters join their fateful hands. Above the seas and severe 1 '- lands, And woo the world to unity, And God tills all the canopy; The blue tiames lit from nether tire In Liberty’s wild torch expire; Xo wind can quench, no darkness mars Her torch, when lighted at the star. There is no position in the world where great moral and physical courage are so much required as in the Presi dent or Governor of a large republic or colony of men. That the French peo ple made a mistake when they elevated a weekling as Casimir Perier to the high office of President of that Republic is demonstrated by the cow ardly manner in which he abandoned his post when danger threatened. Raised in the arms of luxury, his nature was too weak and cowardly to face the responsibility and censure that every prominent official must at times be subjected to. With socialism on one side, and anarchy on the other, ever ready to tear down existing governments, a man must be resolute and brave, cling to his principles and protect the trusts imposed upon him by a confiding peo ple; and in spite of the cowardice, in Bpite of the surrender of the head of the French Republic, the French peo ple have fully demonstrated their abil ity to uphold republican principles, by re-electing a president and crushing down any attempt to again foist upon them a monarchy. The socialists of France, composed mostly of the work ing element are unutterably opposed to a monarchial government; yet they feel that they have grievances that can be remedied, and are anxious to get hold of the government to that end. They are, to a great extent, imbued with anarchistic theories, and in this respect differ materially from the poor of America, and their hope to accom plish their aims through bloodshed and (THE END.) THE FRENCH REPUBLIC disorder will never avail them. Social j efforts are upset with a repulse from inequalities can never be remedied, the those who should assist: 100 often a amelioration of the conditions of the kick, instead of a frindly grasp, meets poor of any country can never be the outstretched hand with which he brought about through anarchy is attempting to drag himself from But. by concentrating their strength degredation. they can shape laws that will bring the The true philanthropist reposes a per relief, in a measure, required. For in- i feet confidence in those whom he at stanee, taxes can be placed upon a j tempts to aid, and nothing will draw you more equal basis. The stability of the j closer to a man than the thought that bank of France is equal to that of jhe trusts you absolutely. Several years England, and by building up, aiding in j ago the priest asked me to sign a pledge, all peaceable ways the existing form of j and 1 signed it to please him; after I government. France and the French had written my name with what l people can become the happiest and thought was a beautiful nourish, he most contented of any race on earth.' looked at me and said: “My son, you It possesses climate and resources j won’t keep that pledge ten days,” and second to none in the world: but this j 1 didn’t, only about live days. I candid spirit of anarchy must be crushed, ly believe that if the Rev. Father had Bomb throwers, assassins and their ilk told me that l had signed a lasting oh should be summarily dealt with, in or-1 ligation, and that he had perfect confi de,. t 0 perpetuate good government, -dence in my ability to perform all its re o long as these anarchists and destroy- j quirements, that to this cay that pledge ers of good government are allowed to : would lie unbroken. Confidence, ab band together, just so long will France's j solute and unreserved, will, in nine miers be in peril; and it requires a ! cases out of ten, meet with an unbroken ruler who ] ossesses courage to take | trust. But to tell a mail you trust him hold of the problem and crush out this ; and then send a constable to watch him, anarchistic spirit; a man who will not | might reform in Alaska, but not in the cater to the wealthy class.but advocate ; good holiest government for the com j moil good; men who are in sympathy j with the oppressed. Patriots, such as ; Carnot, are hard t© find, and owing to this spirit of anarchy, weak men are i unsafe when placed at the head of a , great nation. Violence should never be j permitted in a free government, and ; until France rises in all her strength and crushes out this demoralizing element in her body politic, peace will never reign: for anarchy is detrimental ; to the interests of rich and poor alike, j Creole. REFORMATION LIES IN MAN’S OWN EFFORTS •'Wait some power the giftie f?ie us To see oursils as ithers see us.’’ To the above extract from Burns, someone has very truthfully added the following: "Were this boon granted by some kind elf There’s many a man would hate himself.” When a man has a good opinion of himself, and is satisfied with that opin ion. it would seem an act of useless cruelty to dash the mirror of popular opinion before him, and thus despoil him of his greatest admirer, himself Hut cruel as it may seem, it is necessary that every man should learn his de fects. before he can be cured of them. A great many wise and good men have devoted years of their life and dollars of their substance in attempting to re form their fellow-man, and I have yet to hear of the first instance in which one man was ever reformed by another. My fellow-sinners, if you ever expect to reform, I wish to tell you right now that you had better commence and do the job yourself. When you have thoroughly convinced yourself that you possess points of character which are detest,ible to others and even your self. break yourself of that habit or break your neck; better that, than have the hangman do it later. Far be it from me to discountenance the efforts made by many eminent philanthropists, in their honest endeavor to aid their fal len fellow-man. I believe that many of them are doing good, arid are the in direct cause of restoring to honorable citizenship many men who had strayed from the path of recitude. Good advice can injure no one, and if it is accompanied by genuine sympathy, very often causes a black sheep to re flect on his short-comings, and reflec tion produces regret, and regret, in turn, inevitably causes a desire to re linquish old associations and obtain a hold upon others better adapted to the true capabilities of the subject. Now is the time he needs assistance. A man can easily retain a certain level—espec ially if it is not an elevated one—he can easier still drop to a lower one. But when he attempts to ascend to a higher and nobler plane, too often his Tcdmc- ' sl.ooper year, in advance, i Sjx Months .jOcents. United States. The old order of .Jesuits used that system, but they had the ad vantage of knowing that each one was a bigger liar than the other, so the at tempted deceit was no obstacle. AY hen confidence begets confidence, loyalty will foiled ': thus will "one noble fra if be redeemed, and others will follow when they meet with the proper appro bation from those of unimpeached character. If true reformation is de sired, do not frown upon those attempt ing it in themselves, but give them a lift and a word of cheer. Crispin. A VISIT TO A CEMETERY. A short time ago 1 was one of a small party which visited a beautiful cemetery lying in the lap of majestic mounds, and looking out upon a fair city and a broad reach of prairie and river. Nature had made this a lovely spot, and art had added to its attract ions. The sunlight lay warm upon shapely evergreens and carefully tended tlovvers, and the spot looked indeed like a place of rest, where, -after life’s titful fever,” one might sleep sweetly and well. Winding around and up the stately bluffs were carriage ways of easy grade, and, terrace above terrace, bank above bank, rose the pillared massive monu ments, or gleamed the humbler marble slabs. But more effecting than the most costly memorial which wealth had placed over the last resting place of its loved, were the frequent little mounds, newly made, which told where a mother had laid her child down in the embrace of that kindly earth which is mother of us all, and then we thought that these sun-warmed, flower-fringed banks of earth were banks indeed, banks where we deposit our choicest treasures, and in whose silent vaults they shall safely lie until the resurrec tion morn. And the mother who si lently bore that darling here we could not think of her as impoverished and bereft, but rather as the royal posses sor of blessed memories and of treas ures deposited, safe from all possible disaster or loss, which should be re turned to her in heaven. The balance of the bank-book is not so sure an index of garnered wealth as are the little mounds which break the graveyard sod into billows of green. O, better the mound and the marble than the living death which blights but does not kill. Better the sexton and the bell, than the slow decay of honor, the loss of love, the sunset of hope, and the darkening eclipse of life. The cemetery is not a synonym for sad ness, nor is the grave so dreadful as a stranded, rotting soul. Not all that marble covers was laid down in faith and love and tears, but we know the little mounds cover only what was precious, pure and fair. L. T.