Newspaper Page Text
• • Wfi > • ' :
* ■ s . * rv 11 ' I , i Yol. VIII.— No. 11. ENDURANCE Pow much the heart may bear and yet not break! „ , „ How much the llesh may suiter ami not die! 1 question mucli if any pain or ache Of soul or body brings our end more nigh. Death chooses his own time; till that is worn All evils may be borne. We shrink and shudder at the surgeon’s knife, Eacli nerve recoiling from the cruel steel Whose edge seems searching for the quivering life; , Yet to our sense the bitter pangs reveal That still, although the trembling tlesh be torn, This, also, can be borne. We see a sorrow rising in our way. And try to tiee from tho approaching ill. We see some small escape—we weep and pray. But when the blow falls, then our hearts are still— Not that the pain is of its sharpness shorn, But think it must be borne. We wind our life about another life. We hold it closer, dearer thau our own; Anon it faints and falls in deadly strife. Leaving us stunned, and stricken, and alone; But ah! we do not die with those we mourn. This. also, must be borne. Behold, we live through all things, famine, thirst. Bereavement, pain, all grief and misery, All woe and sorrow, life inflicts its worst On soul and body, but we cannot die. Though we be sick, and tired, and faint, and worn; Lo! all things can be borne. —lgnota. in '‘Santa Maria.’’ isliiifiilP’ IS SOCIETY RESPONSIBLE FOR CRIME. Its Duty Toward the Discharged Prisoner (Third Paper.) . Spots of blackness in creation To make its colors felt. —Modern Printer, I now come to the third great cause of crime, carrying concealed weapons. 1 find from statistics now before me that the 82,329 prisoners confined in the jails and penal institutions of the United States, 7,386 were confined for murder. That in the year 1892, there were 6,791, in 1893, 6,615, and that last year, 1894, up to Oct. 17th, there were no less than 7,747 murders committed in the United States. 1 also find from the same statistics, that from the year 1886. to Oct. 17th 1895, less than nine years, 40,934 lives or more than the combined population of 4\ inona, Still water, and Hankato, were wiped out by murder, and that seven-tenths of these crimes were to be attributed to the habit of illegally carrying con cealed weapons. Has society nothing to reproach itself with for these lost lives? For the lives taken by legal executions, or for the almost hopeless lives behind prison bars, many of them in long im prisonment, through neglect of the common care which the community can and should take to prevent such an evil existing? Society may ask: How' can we prevent it? Have w*e not passed a law r making the carrying of concealed weapons a crime, and in flict penalties for so doing ? Granted. So you have. You have also made poisoning a crime. But do you sell poison to every man or woman, boy or girl that washes to buy it? Yo, you have hedged around the sales of poisons, every precaution that human ingenuity can devise, not only to pre vent accident, but to prevent crime. Every person buying poison is reg istered, the poison is put up in pecul iar shaped bottles, or distinctively labelled so that no mistake can be made about it. Again, a poor peddler arrives in the city, tow r n, or village, and attempts to sell some small inoffensive w r ares, he is immediately pounced upon by the police, and made to take out a license to sell, or he is sent to jail for selling without a license. You license the dealer in oleomargarine; you license the saloon keeper; you license the druggist and other dealers in many harmless commodities. But you ask: What has all this to do with carrying con cealed weapons, or the responsibility of society in the matter? It has this to do with it. If society has the power to enact a law making the carrying of concealed weapons a crime, and if this law fails, partly from the fact that weapons are concealed, and partly be cause the law is not enforced, then society has also the power to enact further laws that will not fail—will not be inoperative if proper oversight is given to their enforcement. As society has the power to license the various businesses I have named, so society has the power to license the sale and carrying of weapons, fire-arm£ especially, and to so guard the sales that it would be almost impossible to obtain them without its permission or license. Let me now show how this can be done. First—enact a law pro- hibiting the carrying of fire-arms with out a license, (for which a small fee may be charged) apd the doing so, rendering the offender liable to a heavy fine or imprisonment, or both. This license to be shown at any time when required by recognized authority. Second—enact a law requiring all dealers in fire-arms of every discrip tion, dangerous weapons, powder, shot, and cartridges, whether wholesale or retail, to take out a license for the sale thereof. The wholesale dealer not to sell to any retailer in the state, county, city or town, as the case may be, who has not a license to sell such articles, and to keep a register of all sales made open to inspection by the proper authorities. Now this done, and the retail dealer being duly licensed, re quire of him under heavy penalties, that he should sell no fire-arms under any pretence whatever, or powder, shot or cartridges, to any person not hav ing a license to use or carry the same, and that such license must be shown to the dealer before any of the articles named are sold, and further, that he shall give to the proper authority an exact account of the quantities of such articles he has in stock; and as he receives the same, also as to whom I sold, for which purpose he will be re quired to keep a register of all sales made open to inspection by the author ities as required. He may also be re quired to give prompt information to the authorities of any application for weapons or cartridges’ by any person not having a license to carry the same. Until society does enact some such law as the above or one equally strin gent, they must be held responsible for the crimes brought about by their neglect. 1 will pause here to ask soci ety the question, whether or not, it would be well for them, before send ing a commissioner to inquire about Armenian outrages in Turkey, to ap point a special commission to inquire into, and devise remedies for the great evils existing here in our very midst. We may rest assured that if such a carnival of murder existed in any one of the countries of continental Europe, a general European commission would be speedily inquiring into its causes. We think lightly of the five, ten or twenty murders recorded in the papers day by day, but when we sum up the aggregate and find that more than 40,000 human beings have thus been cut off in less than nine years, we simply stand appalled and horrified. Society can by some such law as that I have outlined, remedy this evil at least in part. The question is, will society 4° it? H. (TO BE CONTINUED.) The Reason Convicts Return the Second Time. Much has been written for these columns about the reformation of the criminal and the direct cause of his downfall, and yet so many of our num- ‘‘IT IS XEVER TOO LATE TO HEAD.” STILLWATER, MINNESOTA, JUNE 6, 1895. ber become second timers. I, for one, who have been unfortunate like many others, have found that the majority who serve a term in prison, vouch that it is the last time they shall ever be found in a place of this kind. The very last. Thank heaven some of them adhere to their solemn resolution. But there are others who have vouched the same, who, during the quiet hours of night, think of the com ing day of their release, of their pre vious associates, of the places of amusement, they frequented: and their very heart yearns for the day of free- dom to come, so that they might be able to call on these persons and places once more. Surely they will never touch another drop*of intoxicating liquor, or commit ap unlawful act. This they have sworn to and will keep. The days roll on and one of them whom I will term Jack as an illustra tion is released. “Won’t they be tickled to see me though,” he says, as he strains him self trying to fasten his collar to the back of his shirt. “Ah ! and look at the chink, well, I'm well fixed for a rainy day,” he whispers with a broad smile all over his handsome face, as the clerk counts over to him his five years wages. A hasty good by and he departs on the first train, his heart impatiently beating until he arrives at his destination. “Now where is Slim and Billy ? Oh yes here they come to meet me !” “Hello Jack/’ says Slim, “now on earth did you find your way back here? Well well, and he is look- ing pretty good for a stranger in these quarters, is’nt he, come in old boy and have something on me.” “But I do not drink any more,” Jack assures him. “I am glad to see you, but if you have no objections I'll take a cigarette.” And thus it continues from day to day until Jack has more cigarettes than he can smoke; so he ventures a drink, just one, soon another, then another until his solemn resolu tions have down with shame and soiled wings far beyond the portals of reform. It’s then that his poor dead mother looks down from above with saddened face, with beckoning hand and loving lips inaudibly whispers to his soul: “Hold on my boy, keep away, keep away from your evil companions, from those houses of ruin. Oh my son! could I but take you by the hand and lead you into the path of manhood, of integrity, of industry—but no! mother is dead and your heart is hardened. My former teachings, you no more remember. Alas too late! my poor boy, too late!" Soon Jack’s money vanishes like the moon behind a black cloud and with the morrow he finds himself the pos sessor of nothing except a swelled head, a bad breath and a desperate mind. Xow what shall he do? Let us see. During the day he and his companions plan a robbery. They must have some money, and Jack says it is the last crime he shall ever com mit, he only wants money enough to keep him until he finds work. Xight comes —the deed is committed, and they make good their escape. “Ah,” says the detective to his chief, when the news of the robbery reaches his ears. “I saw old Jack in town yesterday; just got out of prison you know, and he was lushing up to beat a cruiser. Its dollars to potatoes be committed the robbery last night. It’s one of his old tricks you know — we’ll round him up anyway and see. Jack is found and locked up. Some of the goods are found on his person. A clear case and another trip to the place he swore never would house him again. From the above it can b© seen that the mind ofttimes means well but the heart is not attending its meetings. My advice to you is, when you get out, don’t waste your time looking up worthless friends. Don’t waste your money treating men. Don’t visit the mental in bringing about your pres ent downfall. But take the money dens and dives which have been instru you received at the gate, salt it down as so much ahead; look up a position and take it even though there is but an ex istence in it and keep it until some thing better turns up, and you will be a man and not a loafer, and your future will be a brighter one than you ever imagined. The farther you keep i away from your former companions, j the better for you. Make new friends, 1 and only such asare above suspicion, wrong doing will then soon leave your heart and mind—industry and integ rity will then take possession. Clementes i. INTEMPERANCE A Fable. Death, the King of Terrors, was de termined to choose a Prime Minister, and his pale courtiers, the ghasty train of diseases, were all summoned to at tend, when each put in his claim for the honor of this illustrious office. Fever urged the number he destroyed as his qualification; Palsy set forth his pretentions by shaking all his limbs; (lout hobbled up and alleged his great power by locking every joint; Asthma's inability to speak was a strong, though silent, argument in his favor; Colic, his violence; Plague his rapid progress in destruction, and Con sumption, though slow, insisted he was sure. In the midst of this contention the court was visited with the noise of music, dancing, feasting and revelry, when immediately entered one with a bold, lascivious air, and a flushed, jovial countenance. He was attended on one hand by troops of cooks and bacchana- liaus, and on the other, by wanton youths and damsels who danced to the music of the sweetest instruments. His name was Intemperance. He waved his hand and immediately the throng was silent. Thus addressing them he said: “Give way ye sickly band of pretenders, nor dare to vie with me in my superior merits in the service of this great monarch. Am I not your parent? The author of your being? Do ye not derive your power of short ening life almost wholly from me ? AVho then is so fit for this important office as myself?” The grisly monarch smiled his approbation, and placed him at his right hand, and he immediately became his Favorite and Prime Minis ter.—Xow is not this sufficient to teach every reasonable man that this vice, as an enemy to man, wounds him wher ever he can be wounded. Sickness is an evil but it wounds only our health. Misfortune may take away our property, but it takes away only our property; slander may take away one's good name, it ruins only the character; blindness, our sight; deafness, our hearing, and so with all the afflictions of the body but they touch not the true manhood. Death may take away life’but we die of sound mind, and, perhaps, in hope of the hereafter. And so it is throughout the entire catalogue of natural and social ties, they all come singly and alone. But intemperance strikes at the whole man. It takes away health, property, friends, character, liberty, sight, hearing and manhood, and it brutalizes all moral instinct, degrades the intellectual faculties, and natural affections, destroys every talent for good, takes away life, and, for time and all eternity, destroys the immortal soul. By accident a man may die of poison but he dies sane, the drunkard dies a fool. Let me add the following burning words, spoken before a representative gathering of labor people, by Past Grand Master T. Y. Powderly, K. of L; “Had I ten million tongues and a throat for each tongue, I would say to Tcqmg. i sl.ooper year, in advance, i triivio. si x Months 50cents. every man, woman and child here to night: Throw strong drink aside as you would an ounce of liquid hell. It sears the conscience, it destroys everything it touches. It reaches into the family circle and takes the wife you had sworn to protect, and drags her down from her purity into that house from which no decent woman ever goes alive. It damns everything it touches. I have seen it in every city east of the Mississippi River, and I know that the most damning curse to the laborer is that which gurgles from the neck of a bottle. I had rather be at the head of an organization having 100,000 temperate, honest, earnest men than at the head of 12,000,000 drinkers, whether moderate or any other kind. E very dime spent in the rum-shop fur nishes a paving stone to hell. In one Pennsylvania county, in a single year, 817,000,000 was spent for liquor.” A story is current, in the Orient, of a wise old sheik, who gave to a young Arab prince, from whom he was about to part, a list of crimes, and bade him choose the one which seemed least harmful. The young prince turned in horror from murder, theft, loss of vir tue etc., and told the patriarch he would choose imtemperance. ‘-You have chosen that,” said the wise old man, which will bring you all.” K. A Brave Man. In reading the history of the struggle of the Netherlands, or the States of Holland and Zealand, against Phillip II of Spain, I came across an incident that may be of interest to the readers of Tiie Mirror. Showing how a brave man did a brave deed and was bravely rewarded. Elizabeth of England had taken up the cause of the Netherlands, and sent her favorite, the Earl of Leicester, at the head of an army, to aid the States in their war against Spain. At the siege of Zutphen, one of the Dutch cities, which had been captured by the Spanish, and was now invested by Leicester; a breach had been made in a fortress, and a young lieutenant, Edward Stanly by name, led an assault against the place. He sprang at the long pike of a Spanish soldier, who was trying to push him from the wall, and seized it with both hands. The Spaniard struggled to retain his hold of the weapon, Stanly to wrest it from his grasp. A dozen other soldiers broke their pikes upon his cuirass or shot at him with their muskets. Conspicuous by his dress, being in yellow but his corselet, he was in full sight of Leicester and of five thousand men. The earth was so sandy ano. shifty that the soldiers who were to follow him, were not able to climb the wall. Still, Stanley grasped his ad versary's pike, but suddenly changing his plan, he allowed the Spaniard to lift him from the ground. Then as sisting himself, with his feet against the wall, he, much to the astonishment of the spectators, scrambled quite over the parapet, and dashed, sword in hand, among the defenders of the fort, Had he been endowed with a hun dred lives it seemed impossible for him to escape death. Ilis followers, stimulated by his example, made lad ders, for themselves, of each others’ shoulders, clambered at last, with great exertion, ever the broken wall, over powered the garrison, and made them selve masters of the sconce. Leicester, transported with enthusi asm by this noble deed of daring, knighted Stanly upon the spot, besides presenting him next day with forty pounds in gold and an annuity of one hundred marks sterling for life. “Since I was born,” said the Earl, “I never did see a man behave himself as he did. I shall never forget it if I live a thousand years and he shall have a part of my living, for it, as long as I liye” Teddy.