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Edited and Published by the Inmates of the Minnesota State Prison. Entered at the Post Office at Stillwater, Minn., as Second Class Mail Matter. This paper will be forwarded to subscribers until ordered discontinued and ail arrears are paid. Should THE MIRROR fail to reach a subscriber each week, notice should be sent to this office, when the matter will be attended to at once. Contributions solicited from any and all sour ces. Rejected manuscript will not be returned, THE Mirror is issued every Thursday at the following rates: One Year ------ SI.OO Six Months - ----- .50 Three Months ------ ,25 To inmates of penal institutions, 50 cts. per year. Address all communications, Editor. The MIRROR. Stillwater, Minn. THE IIIKKOU is a weekly paper published in the Minnesota State Prison. It was founded in ISS7 by the prisoners and is edited and man aged by them. Its objects are to be a home newspaper; to encourage moral and intellectual improvement among the prisoners; to acquaint the public witli the true status of the prisoner; to disseminate penological information and to aid in dispelling that prejudice which lias ever been the bar sinister to a fallen man’s self-redemption. The paper is entirely dependent on the public for its financial support. If at any time there should accrue a surplus of funds, the money would lie expended in the interests of the prison library. 1887-OIJR Ax\Xl\ JERSARY-1895 With this issue of The Prison Mirror we enter upon our ninth volume. That The Mirror has filled the mission for which it was conceived is attested by the fact that it is in ex istence today, and the scoffers who predicted that it would have only an ephemeral existence are silenced. The Mirror makes no pretensions to high literary merit—it would be presumpt uous to make such a claim. None of those who have had editorial control of the paper, with one exception, ever had any training for newspaper work except such as they received here, and the opportunities in this narrow field are not such as to make literary geniuses. It has been the aim to make a ' lean paper—a paper that could be read in the family circle and by those who are interested in seeing the con dition of the prisoner bettered, and we have the testimony of some of the best people of this and other states to warrant the assertion that this has been accomplished. But what good has resulted to the prisoner from the publication of The Mirror ? Has it had an influence for good upon the lives of those who have outraged society's laws ? We believe it has; but to what extent can never be known until the end of time. We can only speak of some of the benefits derived by the prisoners through the publica tion of The Mirror. That it is read with interest by the inmates, that it helps to keep their minds in a healthy channel, is certain. Each inmate has the privilege of sending his copy of the paper to relatives or friends without payment, and most of them avail them selves of this privilege. There is no doubt but The Mirror is a great boon to those who have relatives con fined here. As we write these lines a letter lies before us from a mother to her son, from which we quote literally: “Your little paper was received today. When I read its bright, cheery lines, I feel that all is well with my dear boy. It seems a direct message from you, telling me you are well and bearing your burden patiently and manfully. With the exception of your letters nothing is read with such interest as your little Prison Mirror.” We could show hundreds of such testi monials of appreciation, but this will suffice. The Mirror receives over four hundred exchanges, among which are some of the best papers and magazines published in the country. These, when read in our office, are distributed among the inmates, who thus receive the benefit of excellent reading matter without cost, and which they would not otherwise have obtained. The Mirror has not only been the medium by which the prisoner could express his thoughts, by which he could profit ably employ the leisure time in his cell in putting his ideas in proper language on paper, but it has also been the means by which a number of young men have learned a good trade. Of our own knowledge we know of several who have learned the printer's trade here, who are now employed in printing offices earning good wages, leading honest, useful lives, who, perhaps, can say that The Mirror office was their salvation. If our paper has proved interesting in the past, there is good reason to suppose that it will be still better in the future. That the present editor I can inaugurate and carry forward im provements for bettering our paper, or even keep it up to its past standard of excellence, we do not say, but we can assure our readers that the prison management have abundant editorial material to select from—the last count of our prison population numbered 470 men—and whenever it is demonstrated j that we are not the one for the posi tion, we will be put aside and a more j able man will take our place. This j much, however, we can say without I appearing egotistic; that so long as we edit the paper we will devote our best energies to the work, being careful not to make the same mistake the second time. If, by so doing, we should still fail, we can go to the obscurity of the shop without regret, knowing that we did the best we could according to our knowledge. In conclusion, The Mirror desires to express its sincere thanks. First: To the friends who stood by us during all the past years; whose advice and kindly words of warning saved us from making mistakes that would have been fatal to' our paper. Second: To the press, whose friendly criticism brought us favorably before the public. Third: To our subscribers and advertisers, whose liberal patronage has enabled us to meet our pecuniary obligations. Fourth: To the Warden and Board of Managers, whose policy of non-interfer ence with the subject matter contained in our columns has made our paper unique among the publications of the world. Fifth: To the officers and guards, who have given us as free scope in the performance of our duties as is compatible with prison discipline, and who have at all times cheerfully given us whatever information it was necessary for us to know .and proper for them to impart. Sixth: To our con tributors, whose excellent papers have made the most interesting feature of our paper. The Mirror begins its ninth volume with the hope that it may be so guided in the future as to retain all its old friends and add many new ones to the list before we again make our annual bow to the public. We have received a clipping from the London Times anent the quinquen nial World's Prison Congress assembled at Paris, which we will publish in our next issue. The organization of the King's Daughters, which has its branches all over the world, will meet in Atlanta on October 14th, at the Cotton States and International Exposition. Crime is not a pleasing theme; we hear too much of it, and Judge Murphy's act in restraining the play representing the crime for which Durrant is to be tried for his life, will meet the approval of all right thinking men. Editor A. J. Martin, of the Grinnell (Iowa) Independent Signal, was bun coed out of fifty dollars in St. Paul by a “smooth looking chap with blonde whiskers.” Why, oh why will not peo ple read the papers and keep posted? The Mirror goes out to our readers on this, our anniversary, in every-day attire, believing that our friends will receive us as kindly as they would had we appeared in pink cover embellished with little cupids blowing large trump ets. If Durrant is convicted of the murder of Blanche Lamont, he should be sen tenced to be kissed to death by those worse than silly women who shamelessly attempt to bestow upon him endearing caresses as he passes to and fro between the jail and court-room. With the current number the Riverside, a semi-monthly journal pub lished at the Minnesota State Training School, closes its second volume. M. C. Bussell, editor and instructor in print ing, is getting out a paper that is a credit to himself and the School. Charles I). llixe, Second Lieutenant of the Oth infantry and a graduate of est Point, has tendered his resigna tion and will accept a brakeman’s po sition on a railroad. It is pretty safe to say that promotion will soon follow, for a young gentleman who can lay aside the tinsel trappings of the army and come down to hard work has that in him which will win success. Vol. 1, No. 1, of the Monthly Sum mary, an illustrated journal published at the New York State Reformatory, has reached our desk. The Monthly Summary is an enlarged edition of the Weekly Summary, but will contain special features, among which will be original contributions from the inmates. This latter feature is commendable, and we expect to see some excellent ar ticles from the pens of the Reformatory boys. An Indiana man allowed his cupidity to so blind him that he paid good money fora “gold brick” made out of mud and not even gilded. If this man has friends they are neglecting their duty. The Minnesota editors, with one ex ception, will attend the exposition at Atlanta, Ga., Oct. 2. We regret to say that our affairs are in such shape that it will be impossible for us to get away. Some boys were asked the other day to define “editor” says Arthur's Home Magazine. “An editor is a man who handles words;” “an editor makes his living out of the English language;” “an editor is somebody who does not do anything himself and when some body else does, goes and tells about it;” “an editor is a man who has the indus try of a beaver, the instincts of a bee, and the patience of an ass.” A contemporary sagely remarks that yon cannot tell what position 411 society a man occupies by the clothes he wears. This is true to a certain ex tent. A pickpocket wears as good clothes as a bank president, and burg lars wear as good clothes and as large diamonds as hotel clerks, but when you see a man wearing coarse blanket stuff with large alternate stripes of white and black, it can safely be put down that he is not numbered with the elect of this earth. An industry was recently started in the Arkansas penitentiary which bid fair to become a remunerative enter prise had not an officious meddler in the employ of the United States govern ment interfered and put a stop to the work. Two of the industrious prisoners of that institution were working over time coining spurious money, and had just got the plant in good working order when the detective ordered a suspen sion of operations. The account does not state what part the prison officials took in unearthing the plot, so we are left in doubt as to what constitutes the duties of the officers of a southern peni tentiary. Editor Mile, late of The Prison Mirror, who was released from the penitentiary last week, wrote one of the ablest valedictories we ever read for that interesting journal. Although he happened to be lead into ways that are dark and roads that are crooked, he served his time of confinement in a manner beneficial to his fellow-man, and being an able writer and fully re pentent for his wrong doings we hope to see him placed on the staff of some of our most influential family journals. —Jordon Independent. You are mistaken, brother Kelly, in saying the valedictory in The Mirror of July 25th emanated from a retiring editor. The one who wrote it was a contributor, and in no # way connected with this office. AVe indorse what you say in regard to “S. Mile” being an able writer. The Salvationists at Nebraska City, Neb., were recently arrested but subsequently released as no charge against them could be sustained. The city officials, sworn to uphold the law, then took the law in their own hands, and as the army appeared on the streets the fire department attached hose to a hydrant and turned it on the Salva tionists—thoroughly drenching them. Brave firemen to battle with defense less men and women who had violated no law. Nice oificials to aid and en courage lawless acts. And this hap pens in a free country that offers an asylum to the oppressed of all nations where they can worship God as their conscience dictates. The concluding words of the dispatch says that “all fair-minded citizens denounce the per formance.” Evidently “fair-minded citizens” are in the minority in that locality. Editors’ Day at tlie State Fair. The Minnesota State Agricultural Association, through its executive committee, has arranged with the St. Paul Press Club, the Minneapolis Press Club, and the executive committee of the Minnesota Editorial Association for an editors' day at the state fair. In the program of arrangements, the time was limited to Monday or Saturday, and the committee accepted Saturday as the best day. Although the fair closes on Saturday evening, the rule of the association is that no exhibits of any kind are disturbed until after the closing of the gates on Saturday night, so that so far as the regular state exhibit is concerned, the day will be as interesting as any one of the week. The Press Clubs of the two cities have undertaken to furnish the special pro gram of entertainment for the day, which will be announced in due season. The Prison Mirror is trying to have us a new woman and even goes s© far as to call us a “reg’ly boy.” The Mirror editor says: “We never had the pleasure of meeting the editor of the St. Peter Jovrnul. W e know his name is Horace Greeley Perry and that he edits a bright little sheet, but beyond this we know nothing of the gentleman.” Wonder if Pick has turned our picture to the wall ? We would advise the foreman and devil at The Mirror office to correct any error made by the innocent (?) editor, if they ever hope for pardon.—St. Peter Jour nal. e owe an apology to the winsome little lady who edits the Journal for the error we made in a recent issue of The Mirror. We believe she will accept our apology and grant us an “uncondi tional parduir for the offense when we say that we have neither “Dicks” nor “devils” to correct our mistakes, but must depend on our own limited knowl edge for guidance. •3 PRESS COMMENTS, fr The neat appearance of The Prison Mirror indicates that there is always a good printer in the penitentiary.— West Duluth Sun. About the handsomest exchange that graces The Herald's exchange table is The Prison Mirror, printed in the penitentiary at Stillwater, Minnesota. It is also a spicy paper.—Rocky Moun tain Herald. The Prison Mirror reaches us each week as full of good things as the space permits. The editor certainly deserves hearty congratulations for the store of interesting and useful information which he sends forth in each issue.— Elmira (X. Y.) Summary. One of the brightest and most wel come exchanges that comes to this of fice is The Prison Mirror, published by the convicts in the state prison at Stillwater, Minn. It is always full of good,wholesome advice to the wayward, and is read with interest at this shop. —La Plata Miner. There seems to be a never failing sup ply of good journalistic timber always on hand at the Stillwater penitentiary, judging from the frequent changing of editors on that spicy little paper, The Prison Mirror. Tiie Mirror’s bright reflections is making it a shining mark throughout the state.—Carlton County Vidette. The editor who has been at the helm of The Prison Mirror for some time has ceased his work on that bright, clean sheet and gone forth into the world to labor as a free man. The new editor takes up his work in a manner worthy of that bright paper and this exchange is always looked for as one of the best on our list.—Jackson Co. Pilot. The Prison Mirror was an inter esting and instructive paper during the regime of the absent scribe who guided the movements of The Mirror’s reflec tions, but it is a better paper than ever before today, editorially and typo graphically. The present editor has evidently had an education and an ex perience. The Journal extends best wishes for success.—lndustrial School Journal. There are some mighty good articles in Tiie Prison Mirror each week. Our children read it just as carefully as they do the Youth's Companion. The experience its editor has had puts him in most excellent shape to give advice, and from a practical standpoint at that, which counts for much more than one would suppose. Let The Mirror con tinue to reflect, as it is a neat, newsy and brilliant little sheet.—Eellgrade Sun. The Prison Mirror is peculiarly fortunate in securing brainy and capa ble editors whose writings are full of the best thought and whose efforts would be a credit to the smartest sheet in the outside world. We see no gloomy thoughts reflected in The Mirror, but each paragraph is full of wholesome ness and a determination to live a use ful and honorable life after “gradua tion,” with the best of advice to the in mates who have strayed or allowed themselves to be led from the “narrow path.” The Mirror is one of the most welcome guests that comes to our ex change table. —The Delano Eagle, Wright Co. Minn. The Prison Mirror has recently been treated to a new editor, but it lacks none of its old vim and sparkle. Even the narrow walls of a prison cannot confine real talent, and every week Tiie Mirror bursts out upon the world to reflect the ability that but for sin might be doing valiant service for mankind in an unlimited field. How many people there are who have done that for which they are really sorry and are honestly striving to make amends. Such per sons ought to have the support of all good people or those who wish to be just. Even those behind prison bars have not forfeited all claims for sym pathy. Charity is something that most people have a surplus of because they use so little of it. The world would be better and happier were everybodys’ storehouse kept way below the “hundred million reserve.”—Red Wing Journal. ||g|g|||ggg Men who never become excited un doubtedly have a place in the economy of nature, and so has an ice house, but that fact does not make either pleasant for steady company.—Reedsburg iWis.) Times. A Texas judge has declared against the big prize fight and the sports are looking for another spot where their favorites can meet and maul each other. Texas does not care about train robberies, but a prize fight is shocking and immoral.—Princeton Union. Men who undertake to run news papers in small towns are generally supposed to have wheels in their heads. We will not undertake to deny the charge (wheels are becoming more pop ular every day) but we have fared very well and we hope to do better in the future. Subscribe now and note our improvements.—Grove City Times. A lawyer in a court room may call a mam a liar, scoundrel, villain orathief, and no one makes a complaint when court adjourns. If a newspaper prints such a rejection on a man's character there is a libel suit or a dead editor This is owing to the fact that the peo ple believe what an editor says; what the lawyer says cuts no figure.—Cannon Falls Deacon. A hodge-podge of news, largely con sisting of scandal and gossip, thrown into eight or twenty pages, as into a hopper, by divers hands is not a news paper because it is called a newspaper; that is to say. it can have no strong or lasting hold upon a community. It is the newspaper which is possessed of a soul, and which lives, moves, and has its being in the life and thought of its constituency that really counts and lasts, and ‘is hated or loved or feared according to the point of view. Such newspapers will never be common. But, limited to the concurrence of the man and the opportunity, they still exist and will always exist.—Louisville Cou rier-Journal. Liteiwtj Piotes. “A Wicked Notary” is the title of an amusing little story in the San Fran cisco Argonaut of August sth. It is a French conceit, built up on the idea that a husband, who is too fond of wandering from his own fireside, lays the blame of his delinquencies on a friend, who, subsequently coming to live in the same village, is liable to ex pose the husband—a calamity which the husband evades by a most ingenious device. The Aug. number of The North 1 Vest Magazine is, as usual, of especial in terest to Northwestern readers. A very entertaining contribution is written and illustrated by Geo. Cady Johnston and is descriptive of Lake Cushman, Wash. “A Pasco Belle,” by Jennie Louise Harris, is a Western story that possesses unusual literary and dra matic merit. “Minnesota as an Educa tional Center,” by Lucius R. Root, re jects credit upon the entire North- West. Dr. A. 11. Hersey continues his graphic descriptions of Montana mines, towns and counties, Victor Herbert Smalley tells of his “Life as a Cadet," etc., etc. There is the usual amount of interesting miscellany, tales of West ern life, bits of science, humor and wit The young man of today cannot pay even a flying visit to Gettysburg with out becoming convinced that the glory of the United States is not due to any one race, and as a result of that visit the flag that floats over him will have a deeper significance. At Gettysburg nearly every section of the world was represented. Englishmen, Irishmen, Dutchmen, Germans, Poles and others fought by the side of those who’claimed a birthright for generations in the United States. Some of these men could hardly speak the language of the country they were defending, and had been residents of it but a short time. On many there was no obligation to shoulder muskets and march to the front, and they might have escaped had they so desired. Some will declare that these men had absorbed no portion of patriotism, but while it is doubtless true that mercenary motives induced some to enter the ranks, that charge cannot be fairly laid at the door of the great majority. The “pauper labor of Europe” has been charged with many things but it has yet to plead guilty to embracing the opportunity of undergoing the hor rors of a protracted war, and of being used as a target for Confederate gun ners, for the stupendous remuneration, of “sl3 a month and found.”—Thomas J. Feeney, in Donahoe’s Magazine for August.