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Vol. IX.—No. 7
WHAT MAKES A MANP What makes a man? Not length of years In paltry living spent; Tis not the braided coat he wears, His collar neatly bent; Tis not his stylish gait or mien, His club or social clan; ; Tis n»t his height nor age, I ween— These never made a man. What makes a man? Not horded gain, Not honors princely piled, Not all the dead by Caesars slain. Not triumph’s hero child; Not plume or banner, sword or belt, SiDce war’s wild note began, Have those serener virtues dealt Which make the perfect man. What makes a man? Not wisdom’s art Nor learning’s cultured lore; Nat language, though we know by heart The tongues of every shore; Not all the knowledge to be gleaned In life’s brief, mortal span; Not all the gems by ocean screened Have might to make a man. What makes a man? ’Tis not the power That wields a deadly blow; A giant in his strength may tower, And yet no virtue know. ; Tis not the workman’s rugged skill That draws the mansion’s plan; He may do all of this and still .Be only half a man. What makes a man? Not rank or birth. Nor glory’s purple gown. His monarchy may be the earth. His badge creation’s crown; Not princely gear, nor robes of state, Nor yet religion’s ban— These make the mean offlcial great, But not the nobler man. What makes a man? Oh, not the dust We tread beneath the sod! But, higher still, life’s solemn trust, The breath of nature's God. The inner soul and pot, forsooth, The outer walls we scan. ■ Hope, courage, honor, love, and truth— These make the perfect man. L. B, Knight, in Exchange, HELP YOURSELF A great many people are to be found who waste much valuable time waiting for something to do. Now the best way for everyone who wants to work is to go out and find it. No matter what the work is, so long as it is honorable; make yourself useful as well as ornamental. Wall tlovvers have a place in the world and answer their purpose the same as other things, but all wall flowers would not be a profitable investment. There must be someone to do the cultivating, or even the wall flowers would soon pass away and leave only the bleak cheerless ness of barren wastes and fruitless sur roundings. Boys are very apt to feel that the great world is full of golden opportunities that only require to be asked for and they will receive a full supply. That is not so, and often when a young man starts out for himself he finds so many disappointments that he is apt to be come discouraged, and thus fail at the beginning of his career. With the ma jority of boys, at the commencement of their life struggle with the world, they must help themselves or they will never be helped. They must show signs of patience, obedience and strict honesty at the beginning. There is no one who cannot help themselves, in large quan tities to each and all of these ingredients that form the foundation of true great ness. The great trouble with boys is if they make a mistake they are very apt to try and hide the error by committing a far more serious one, namely, lying. All are liable to make mistakes and it is far better to acknowledge the wrong than to commit a double wrong. Two wrongs never make a right. Help your self to all the manhood possible for you to obtain. Fear nothing but sin. Keep your hands clean, let no evil thing soil either hand, heart or character. If an error occurs in your work that will prove a loss to anyone, manfully own the error and do what you can to make amends, and do all you can to avoid a repetition. In all things strive to ac complish the very highest grade of work you may be called to do. You need not look for perfection in anything you may do at first, however much you may desire it. You may think you can do as well as others you see about you, and no doubt you ean but it will take time to reach that point where you can do an equal amount of work, in the same time and with the same results. Many young people start in life with the thought of skimming along without much trouble, and when they come to the hard places they expect to be helped over or try to shirk the responsibility or the labor, and thus without experi ence or knowledge, they expect to hold a position and demand pay when they have no legal right to expect it from the nature of the conditions under which they labor. If we go to the merchant and purchase goods which he recom mends to us as equal to any of like character in the market and they prove of inferior grade, we rightfully expect he will make it right by either taking the goods and making it satisfactory with us so far as he can, or giving us the goods we ask for, both in quality and price. If a young man goes to an employer for a position and represents himself capable of tilling it at a specified price, when he knows he is not capable of honestly doing it, he is defrauding his employer just so much as he fails to perform his part of the contract. In such a contract between labor and capital every party of the contract is usually under bonds of honor to per form their part of the contract faith fully, Every person who sells his time or experience, or skill, to another for a specified price, is as bound in honor to give the best he has, and give full meas ure of brain or muscles or genius, as the merchants who sell us goods and represent them to be up to standard in every respect. Help yourself then by every honora ble means that your stock in trade shall be sought after, rather than you be obliged to go into the market to beg a position to earn an honest living. There is many a one today who started far down in the scale of social life, who by helping themselves to the mastery of business have reached an enviable prominence which has given them a name and competency beyond their highest expectations. Help yourself to every good thing, by every honorable means, and with all your getting get understanding; get knowledge for knowledge is power. Make yourself useful as well as ornamental, and in so doing you will prove a blessing to others and enrich your own life with the high est good. —The Dawn. WHAT THE EIBLE OFFERS PRISONERS? It offers us an endless residence in a City whose gates are not of steel but pearl, whose atmosphere is ever laden with ambrosial incense, whose never fading, soft, refulgent light is the radi ant smiling face of the Son of the Liv ing God. Its countless inhabitants of sentient beings number among them the venerated sire who prayed for us, counseled us and provided for us dur ing his earthly pilgrimage; the sainted mother who hung over our cradles in infancy with unspeakable tend#rness, who nursed us in sickness as only a mother can, who petted us in health as only a mother will} who poured out her soul in prayer when we went astray, and died still pleading with us to meet her in heaven, with a loving tenderness only God and a mother can feel. Among them is the angel wife whose sympathy was unalloyed and without design, whose forgiveness was ever ready for the recreant husband and whose dying lips murmured a blessing on your head. There is the sweet little babe that was transplanted by the fingers of God from your reluctantarms to the Garden of Eternal Youth. All these, and brothers, sisters, friends, relatives, justified and saved, are freely offered to us if we wisely employ these days of probation in prison, and follow' with humble, childlike faith in the footsteps of the lowly and meek Nazarene. No star in the moral galaxy shines with such una bated splendor as the Star of Bethle hem. His benign influence can create an earthly paradise where thorns and thistles were wont to luxuriate. —Ohio Penitentiary News. “IT IS XEVER TOO LATE TO MEND.” STILLWATER, MINNESOTA, SEPTEMBER 19, 1895. TALENTS AND VIRTUES The tendency of modern thought is towards discrimination. Just as evolu tion in the physical world leads to dif ferentiation of species, so the evolution of mind leads to the differentiation of ideas. In ancient philosophy we find little or no distinction made between talents and virtues. Indeed, we are told that “the word translated virtue was undoubtedly used by Greek writers for any admirable quality whatever.” All excellence,whether mental or moral, all that is estimable, whether an endow ment or an acquirement, was esteemed by Socrates and Plato to be alike good and virtuous. Knowledge and wisdom were one with righteousness, and there was no marked division between the intellectual and the moral facul ties. Gradually, however, this separation has been made, with more and more rigor. Character is commonly thought to consist mainly in the habitual exer cise of what we call morality; virtue is confined to such qualities as can be ex hibited by any one without reference to his natural ability or acquired knowl edge. It is not impossible that we may have somewhat strained this dis tinction. It is true that a man with great talents and a line intellect may not be a good man, and another who is conscientious may be grossly ignorant; yet fortunately, wq do not take either of them as a mode.- P»oth are failures as far as true mannood and line charac ter are concerned, and the question with us should be not which of the two is preferable, but how to avoid either of them. The ideas commonly held upon duty responsibility and moral excellence are far too narrow. So far from the moral realm being limited to certain practices which any one can follow, it embraces the whole of human life; it enters into every part of our being: it employs every faculty, makes us of every talent; com prehends the claims of the body and the mind, as well as those of the heart and the soul. It may be said that natural powers of any kind, however admirable in themselves, do not redound to our credit, nor their absence to our dis credit, as we had neither part nor lot in placing them there; but it must be re membered that every such gift increases our responsibility, both in cultivating it and in putting it to good uses. Of course no innate ability is either moral or immoral, but its possessor must be either the one or the other, according to the way in which he develops and employs it. There is always something which each of us can do better than other things, and moral excellence de mands that we discover what it is, fos ter and strengthen it, and devote it to the best purposes we can. All this de mands the exercise of intelligence and wisdom, as well as will and effort; there fore no one who contentedly remains ignorant and thoughtless has any right to plume himself upon being a good and moral man, whatever, or however nu merous, be the virtuous practices which he performs. This truth needs much emphasis in our day. It is very common to exhort men to be temperate and pure, truth ful and honest, just and generous, with out ever urging them also to cultivate their powers, to preserve their health, to add to their knowledge, to strengthen their judgment, to use their opportuni ties. Yet these latter duties are equally binding and necessary. Indeed there is no moral virtue that can be successfully acquired without the help of intellectual qualities. To be honest and fair one must be able to appreciate human rights; to be truthful, one must be able to see and hear with accuracy and remember with exactness; to be just, one must know in what justice consists; to be truly generous, one must have wisdom to guide the generous im pulse. Moral duty not only demands such intellectual discipline, it also requires that the ends in view may be good. A man may have health and wealth, op portunity and powers, culture and genius, patience and energy, yet not be a moral man, because he uses them all for selfish or even criminal purposes. But when the motive is good and the aim beneficent, no effort is too great to bring every power into play, and every talent into exercise, to compass his pur- A strong mind may exist with out a pure and noble aim, or a devoted spirit; but no worthy design can be car ried out, and no devoted spirit can triumph, without the co-operation of whatever knowledge and wisdom and power can be brought to bear upon it. This does not lead to any confusion of the mental and moral natures. It rather tends to show that, while they may be closely defined, they can only work ad vantageously in close connection and in perfect harmony. Just as the notes of a chord in music, while each in itself distinct, yet blend in sweeter and richer sound than either one alone can give, so the powers of the intellect and those of the moral nature must be blended together for the effective accomplish ment of any worthy purpose and for the ennoblement of any individual life. —Philadelphia (Pa.) Ledger. A WARNING TO YOUNG MEN The fall of A. J, Whiteman contains a terrible warning to youth against the gambling habit. No young man ever started out in life with more brilliant prospects. He was the child of respect able parents; he received a good educa tion; he inherited considerable wealth; he possessed unusual abilities. When a very young man he took up his resi dence in the thriving and rapidly grow ing city of Duluth, where he at once as sumed a leading position. He was sent to the legislature as a representa tive of that community, and there was apparently higher honors in store for him. The rock on which his fortune and reputation were wrecked was the speculative mania, which afterwards degenerated into the gambling habit. He became a reckless plunger. Soon his fortune was swallowed up. It is probable that Whiteman would have remained an honest man if he had been successful; but after his money disap peared he resorted to desperate, and, as it appears, often criminal methods to obtain a new supply. Like all em bezzlers who steal money for gambling purposes, he undoubtedly intended to pay back the proceeds of his crooked operations out of his winnings; but he gradually got in deeper; his criminal operations increased in boldness until detection became inevitable. He was pursued by detectives everywhere. He was arrested a number of times, and escaped through technicalities or the help of friends. But tinally he was brought up with a round turn in San Francisco, and landed in the peniten tiary for nine years. People who knew Whiteman in this state in his prosperous days will regret his sad fate, and the blighting of a career which was at first so full of promise. Let others who are tempted to abandon slow and safe business methods for the allurements of hazard, profit by his example.—Minneapolis Tribune. There is something absolutely hid eous and revolting in the disgusting cant of this whisky ring about their particular industry—an “industry” in which colossal fortunes go to the maker and a bare subsistence wage to the worker; dog-carts and diamond rings for the wholesale merchant, and sixteen hours’ work a day and a bare living for the waiter who has to retail the precious product that fills our luna tic asylums with the hapless victims of dipsomania, our jails with criminals, our streets with unfortunates, and tens of thousands of homes with squalor, want, and misery, while it fills the coffers and pockets of the distillers with untold wealth.—Michael Davitt. t cdmc ,( SI.OO per year, in advance i t.Kivio. sj x Months 50 cents. AMATEUR CRIMINOLOGY The newspaper writers who are amusing themselves by applying Lom brosian tests to persons under arrest for murder, are making themselves exceed ingly obnoxious to sensible people. A week or two ago a Chicago woman re porter interviewed a woman now un der examination by the grand jury in Minneapolis and sent to her paper a detailed description of the physical peculiarities by which in her opinion, the woman's criminal nature announced itself. A New York reporter has per formed a similar service for a woman in that city arrested on a charge of having poisoned her own mother. This last victim of reportorial science has a mole on her right upper lip, long narrow hands, a hooked nose, and smokes cigarettes. These and other equally incriminating circumstances are de tailed for the edification of the public. Worst of all, the woman’s picture is printed side by side with that of Gab rielle Bompard, one of Lornbroso's choicest specimens. This sort of exploiting on the part of persons unqualified by special training to judge of the physiognomy, criminal or otherwise, of any given man or woman, is to be condemned on two grounds. In the iirst place, it is abso lutely without significance or value. Anybooly who has read Lornbroso’s studies of types knows that he, the reader, can find a dozen women in his own acquaintance who have some one or more of the physical characteristics set down by the Italian as indubitably significant of sinister tendencies. Lom broso himself would perhaps say that wherever the indications appear strong ly the tendency certainly exists, al though latent or, as the astrologers and chiromantists say, “counter-balanced by other forces.” But Mr. So and-so’s opinion as to whether the signs are there, is worth just nothing at all. In the second place, even Lombroso him self would have no right to make such an assertion publicly concerning a person not yet convicted of guilt. It is an unpardonable insolence, even if it did not bear with it a possibility of prejudice to the cause of the prisoner in the public mind, at least. In either of the cases mentioned, it may yet be proved beyond doubt, that the accused is not guilty. In that event, the enter prising space writer will probably con sole himself by saying that if the woman is not a murderer, she ought to be, which will give him the gratuitous satisfaction of adding one more insult to those of which he has already been guilty. If they are both proven guilty, which is also possible, the amateur criminologists will be encouraged to exercise their cheap proficiency on some new victim. Sooner or later their charalatanism will succeed in adding an intolerable sting to the sufferings of some falsely accused person.—St. Paul Pioneer Press. LIFE S OPPORTUNITIES. Some one said that ‘‘Every face ought to be beautiful at forty” and another that “Xo old person has a right to be ugly, because he has had all his life to grow beautiful.” That is to say, life's opportunities of nobleness, of even forty years of opportunity, if well used are enough to make so much beauty within that it cannot help coming through to the surface in graceful habits of the nerves and muscles. The transfiguration of a pleasant smile, kindly lightnings of the eyes, restful lines of self-control about the lips, pure shinings of the face as great thoughts kindle inwardly—these things no parent makes inevitably ours, and no fitful week or two of goodness gives them, and no schooling of the visage, either; but only habitual nobleness and graciousness within; and this will give them all. Xor does a wise man think he knows another till he has watched the quick expressions which flit across the face unconsciously. The truth will come out, and in the flashing motions sometimes we catch the rascal under a handsome mask, and sometimes catch the angel w’here we had not looked for one.—Rev. W. C. Ganuet.