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Vol. IX Vrilltn tirr Thr I* rim it Mirror. PRISON FLOWERS | 15V I’ANMK Fl I.I.KH'I'ON. | The roses cannot bloom beneath The birds slug o’er your head, lint yet we know behind the walls True impulse is not dead. 'Though, fragrance of the roses, sweet. Or songs of sweetest bird. Behind your locks or ’neatli your waits May not be known or heard. mere are the roses of the heart. The blossoms of,t lie brain. The earnest lives, the active work A “lost life” to reclaim. . No life, how great the blight may he. But can begin anew. And cultivate the heart's best flowers. The Good, the Pure, the True. Though we are hlaek with earthly sin. God still reigns on. in heaven. He did not say, " The blest may knock Ami peace to them is given.” Bat, “Caine ye one. and come ye all. Ask. and ye shall receive; The door will open if ye knock And in the good believe.” No heart so black, but has its germs Of goodness smothered there. No day so bleak but God in heaven Will listen to its prayer. TWO ENGLISH COLONIES. lias England reached the height of her power? is the question that any student of English history will natu rally ask himself when reading of her great growth, it is the conviction of the writer that the question can only be answered in the atlirmative. and that the decline of her power will come from the source that now constitutes a strong element of her strength, viz.,her colonies. Indications are not wanting that at least two of them will not long remain a part of the English nation, Canada and Australia. The former certainly does not prosper under Uritish rule, she is heavily burdened with debt, contracted mainly in building military highways for the use of the mother ■country in case of war. She has more emigrants than immigrants, and her population has declined from eight to live million, and the country remains undeveloped. The Canadians are an intelligent people and must ask them selves why all this is so. What is the cause of the difference in the position of the two nations, whose people have lived side by side for more than a cen tury? Why is it that upon one side of t he boundary line there has grown up a nation of seventy million, and on the other a nation of scarcely live million? Why is it that as you go down the separating line of lake and river you lind on the one side great and wealthy cities, thriving industries, and a prosperous people, and on the other a few strag gling villages and towns,no great man ufactories, and a people impoverished? It cannot be the climate, for there is scarcely any difference between Canada and the bordering states in this respect. The natural resources of Canada are very nearly equal to those of the United states, so this cannot be the cause. It is the difference in the system of gov ernment that is responsible for this state of affairs. The Canadians have recognized this, but a sentiment of pa triotism has thus far restrained efforts for a change, but how long will this sentiment endure? Will not self-in terest inevitably overcome it and the proper remedy be applied? Australia also is drifting away from England, but in a different manner than Canada. The English are the most conservative people, it requires years of agitation to effect any impor tant reform. The Australians, on the other hand, are the most libeial people in their movements for reform. They are experimentalists, and are willing to try any measure that promises to better their condition. The government has been empowered to construct all public works, to build and maintain railroads; Henry fieorge's single tax theory has been enacted into a law, female suffrage granted, which carries with it the power to hold any office: their ballot system has been adopted by us and in some states also their system of land trans ferral known as the Torrens system. These are not English ideas, but Aus tralian, and living as these people do in a far away country, in a different climate, under dissimilar conditions and environments they are drifting away from conservative England in their laws, manners,customs, and ideas; and these will eventually cause such a divergence of interests that only one result is possible -separation. I'ADMI >. IRRELIGION AND CRIME. is crime one of the natural results of ; a life of irreligious This question is I suggested by a recent discussion in the : Minneapolis Tinns- and some other j papers. The controversy seems to have ; let loose all tlie dogs of war on the ag nostic side of the question and set them all to barking in praise of their cham pion. From the noise they make one would think they are a mighty host. Still they write some true things with, which the Christian theist must reckon. We are ready to admit that a religion without morality is no better than a morality without religion. A religion of merely ceremonial observances, or a religion of dogma alone is no more able | to restrain the criminal instincts of men | than practice of military tactics or the j study of English grammar. The ques tion is not logical or theological so much as biological. In other words, it is a question of life. Stated as it is at the beginning of this article, it seems that if there is a common understand ing of the terms, there could be no dif ference of view as to the correctness of an affirmative conclusion. lloth religion and irreligion may ex ist in the mind as abstract theories. Theories have a tendency to express themselves in the conduct of life, but; do not always, and they never bringj forth their full fruitage unless they are 1 ; thus expressed, For this reason a man i may be an orthodox believer in the j theory of the Christian religion and not j upright in life, and another may be an i agnostic unbeliever and have a reputa ; tion for morality which cannot be ques-j titmed. The first instance is the case of j one who absorbs enough religion from j the Christian atmosphere to make him ; a theoretical believer, while the agnostic from the same source has absorbed i enough morality to make him decent. | This is according to the law of environ i ment. Not every man exposed to the I contagion of smallpox takes it. Only ! when the poison enters the blood does | he suffer the consequence of his expo sure. Not every one who lives in a | pure atmosphere is in perfect health. I There may be germs of disease in the • system corrupting the streams of phys -1 ical life. To know, then, the natural I effect upon life of any doctrine or be lief about religion we must ask for its results after it enters the very heart of life. “As a man thinketh in his heart, so is he." lleliefs are helpful and sav ing. and disbeliefs are hurtful and de stroying according to the vital impor tance of the subject to which they per ! tain, and according to the motives ! which lead men to cherish them. Truth ! is more important than any theory of : truth. The fact of light and right re | lations to it are of more account than j any theory of light abstractly held. 1 One may know little or nothing of the science of light, but if he lives in it he will receive its invigorating benefits. On the other hand, if one cherishes such a doctriue of light as leads him to “IT IS \EVER TOO LATE TO MEAD." STILLWATER, MINNESOTA, JANUARY 2U, 1890 shut himself away from it, how can tie , ship, exhibiting no interest whatever escape the consequence of living in jin national affairs; they abhor any true darkness? So if God be the great re-! semblance of labor reform, they are ality in religion and in the universe, it the instigators and sole supporters of is a matter of supreme moment that i the reduced wage system, they area men should live in right relations with source of delay to universal fraternity, him. This is religion, moral harmony ' a menace to society, and an evil to the with God, his life in the soul by its own community at large, and competitors consent and desire. To deny the reality \of the rankest type to a young and of (iod is to give the intuitions of ! struggling nation. This is why 1 favor human nature the lie. This leads to ' the actions'of the Immigration Restric the distrust of all our higher intuitions,, tion Leagues and sincerely trust, for and gives loose rein to our lower pas- the welfare of the republic, that they sions. the indulgence of which may issue will meet with loyal support in their in crime. To deny that God can he! endeavors from the higher powers known is a softening of atheism but it that be. T. A. 1 practically amounts to the same thing. It shuts out the light from the soul, weakens the moral sensibilities and tends to their ultimate destruction. The reason why all irreligious men are not as bad as irreligion allows them to be. is because their unbelief does not wholly exclude from them the light which, like the sun, shines upon the evil as upon the good. More signili ; cant of evil is the motive for unbelief | than unbelief itself. If the irreligion j of a man proceeds from a love of dark i ness rather than light, it must be. as ; Christ said, because his deeds are evil There is a striking analogy between the criminal's choice of the night as the time for the perpetration of his evil ! deeds, and his denial or forgetfulness ! of the (iod who c.pi see in the night as in the day and from whom no man can hide.. 11 is irreliginn is as much in what | he forgets as in what he denies, and in either ease it is a choice of darkness j rather than light. The conclusion tol-, lows that irreligiou. as a rule of life, is one of the. fruitful causes of crime. ( '. 1 M. Heard. I>. !>.. in North and West. THE MODERN IMMIGRANT. As the progressive march of civiliza tion advances, it causes one to pause and consider if the immigrant operated upon the same tactics in the pioneer days, as those now in our own country, and if they represented the same grade of humauity that pour into our own midst at the present date. lam in- clined to believe that the process of j evolution has evolved a decided change j in both. Today we must divide the question into two parts, and in doing j this, we develop the factor of discrimination, distinction betweeni the desirable and undesirable immi grant.. The movements of the latter j in the past, few years have convinced; me that restriction is as essential for j the welfare of the commonwealth as ) the Protective Tariff' is for the thriv- j ing of commerce. 1 am a firm he-! liever in placing an iron hand upon j this incessant flow of illiterate and j pauper home seekers, and regard the j recommended amendments of the pres- j ent restriction laws as the initiative! step towards the progress and safety of ; our republic. When we exclude the; illiterates we shield the country from j this undesirable class that are contin- i uously in conflict with American labor j and succeed by their ruinous com- j petition in driving established firms— high priced competitors—into insol- j vency. They are the descendants of struggling humanity, who are unable to exist in their own nativity because of the oppression which issues from monarchial administration and pre dominates over the already oppressed, hence they emigrate, and embark for a land of freedom, hospitality, and gov erned by the people, but being un accustomed to these privileges of a higher sphere, they abuse the liberty, by violating the first principles upon which their prospects depend, in de moralizing the cost of labor’s cash value, and disloyalty to their i fellow man, consequently, they possess the tendency of degeneration as their , effects fully indicate. They come here i for the purpose of accumulating our i wealth, with no intention of citizen THE EXCUSE OF WANT OF TIME There is noexcuseso frequently urged for the non-observance of duties, or the omission of desirable actions, as that of the want of time. From the tailure to answer a letter, or to keep an ap pointment, to the neglect of a regular occupation or the non-performance of a palpable obligation, this plea is con tinually made in apparent good faith that it will be received as sufficient apology by those to whom it is ad dressed. It would be a matter of sur prise to most of us could a computa tion be made as to what proportion of the letters we write and receive are de voted to this single excuse. And few would believe how many times a day the same plea of the want of time passes their lips. Is it then a wise, reasonable and suflicient one? Are we prepared to acknowledge all the im plications which it indicates? '• You have all the time there is” was the pertinent reply made to one who was uttering this favorite complaint a statement which it would he diilicult to controvert. The question is, how ever, having all the time, have we the power to control the use of it, or is it heavily mortgaged against our will? In times of slavery the slave had none of this power, save as it was granted as a favor by his master. The free man, on the contrary, owns his time, and may do with it as he will. If he put it under the directions of another, it is only as a contract, for an agreed com pensation. No service that lie can ren der, from that of a street laborer to the highest government otlicial implies any loss of freedom as to the disposal of his time. It is quite true that circumstances and necessities surround us all in vari ous ways and that a feeling of must governs us largely in this matter. Yet the final decision of how far such a feeling is right and to be obeyed, or wrong and to be resisted, rests with each of us at last, and we cannot escape the responsibility. It is, of course, in cumbent upon every man to earn his living, to support his family, to educate his children; but in what way he shall do this and how much of his time will be necessary to devote to it is a matter for no one but himself to determine. The man who immerses himself inbusi ness that he may accumulate vast prop erty, or that his family may live luxuri ous and idle lives, has certainly no right to plead want of time for other claims. It is not true that he cannot comply with them, but that he has chosen not to do so. The woman who. absorbed in a round of gayety and society, declares that she has no time to train her chil dren and superintend her household, is uttering an excuse as vain as it is false. She simply decides to use her time for other purposes. And this liberty of choice belongs to every one, in spite of any desire or attempt to disclaim it. Many persons complain of the multi plicity of things which they are asked and expected to do, many of which they would like to do were they able, but which they could not accomplish were life ten times as long as it is. Does not this very truth, which is so fully real ized in all our city life, call rather for an increase of self-government than for Tcdr/io. ' SI.OO per year, in advance i ckiwo. ( .Six Months . r iocents. fretful regrets and weak excuses V Is not the ordering and apportioning of time one of the chief duties of every free and self-respecting man and wom an ? And having done this to the best of his power, and satisfied his own con science. need he make apologies to the world for declining to attempt the im possible? If everyone must thus de termine for himself, others should allow him to do so without interference. We have no right to demand that he shall help in this reform, or assist in that charity, or till this or that otlice, or join in a certain enterprise, however good, or worthy we may deem them. We may present them to his notice, but not insist on his co-operation, or criti cise him for refusing it, for we cannot know his claims or his needs, nor. if we did. could we relieve him of a responsi bility all his own. ' It is true that this freedom of choice j imposes upon us-an obligation which |it is no light matter to fulfill. The ! consciousness that we have not done * this often makes us falter and waver : when we should be self-reliant and ; rirm of purpose. To detect the essen ' tial from the non-essential: to arrange | in order our occupations and recrea i tion so as to give each its reasonable quota of time, to adjust the various claims upon us, so that nothing that we ought to do shall be crowded out, and nothing that is superfluous shall be admitted, is certainly no easy task, but it is one which will well reward all the pains and efforts it costs in the in creased value of our lives and the self ! respect and peace of mind we shall 1 enjoy. Much oi the difficulty of such a study will melt away when we discover how many things that we are m the habit of doing might reasonably be set aside. Marcus Aurelius, one of the most hard tasked and conscientious of rulers, and one who seems to have neglected no duty, however small, says: ‘‘The great est part of what we say or do, being unnecessary, if a man takes this away, he will have more leisure and less un easiness. Accordingly, on every oc eassiou, a man should ask himself, ‘ls this one of the unnecessary things?’” Doubtless we should be surprised at the frequency with which this question would receive an affirmative answer, and at the amount, of time that would thus be released for worthy purposes. On the other hand, we shall find that some things we have neglected are all important. There will be a frequent shifting and regrading of pursuits, with every increase of intelligence, and the result will be evident in the greater efficiency of our work and the greater happiness of our lives. —Phila- delphia Ledger. How frequently is the honesty and integrity of man disposed of by a smile or a shrug! How many good and gen erous actions have been shrunk into oblivion by a distrustful look or stamp ed with the imputation of proceeding from bad motives, by a mysterious and seasonable whisper? How often does the reputation of a helpless creature bleed by a report, which the party who is at the pains to propagate it beholds with so much pity and fellow feeling that she is heartily sorry for it—hopes in (lod it is not true. However, as Archbishop Tillotson wittily observes, she is resolved ia the meantime to give the report her pass, that at least it may have fair play to take its fortune in the world to be believed or not, accord ing to the charity of those into whose hands it shall happen to fall—Addison. 1 do believe the common man’s task is the hardest. The hero has the hero’s aspiration that lifts him to his labor. All great duties are easier than the little ones, though they cost far more blood and agony.—Phillips Brooks. A good intention clothes itself with sudden power.—Emerson.