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Edited ami Published by the Inmates of the Minnesota State Prison. Entered at the Post Office at Stillwater, Minn as second-class mail matter. This paper will be forwarded to subscribers until ordered discontinued and all arrears are paid. Should THE MIRROR fail to reach a subscriber each week, notice should be sent to this office, and the matter will be attended to at once. Contributions solicited from any and all sour ces. Rejected manuscript will not be returned. THE MIRROR is issued every Thursday at the following rates: One Year ______ SI.OO Six Months - - - .50 Three Months ______ .25 To inmates of penal institutions, 50 cts. per year. Address all communications. Editor, The MIRROR. Stillwater, Minn. THE MIRROR is a weekly paper published in the Minnesota State Prison. It was founded in 1887 by the prisoners and is edited and man aged by them. Its objects are to be a home newspaper; to encourage moral and intellectual improvement among the prisoners; to acquaint the public with the true status of the prisoner; to disseminate penological information and to aid in dispelling that prejudice which has ever been the bar sinister to a fallen man’s self-redemption. The paper is entirely dependent on the public for its financial support. If at any time there should accrue a surplus of funds, the money would be expended in the interests of the prison library. NOTICE. THOSE receiving copies of The Mir ror who are not subscribers will please consider them as sample cop ies. If, after reading them, you should conclude that The Mirror is worthy of your patronage, send one dollar to this ollice and we will enter your name on our books for a year’s subscription. An extra number of the Minnesota state Bulletin of Corrections and Char ities has reached our desk. It contains the final announcements and program of the twenty-third national confer ence of Charities and Corrections to be held at Grand Rapids, Michigan, June 4th to 10th. In looking over the pro gram we noticed that Minnesota will be well represented by its leading men and women in this line of work. Prince Bismarck, the greatest statesman Germany ever had, at the age of eighty-one sums up his life’s ex perience in this bit of philosophy: “God has planted discontent in us as a spur and we must renounce the belief that a general state of content will ever arise in this world, either by social de mocracy or in any other way. That is impossible. We should become noth ing but idle dogs who would lie under palm-trees and do nothing but eat the dates which fell into their mouths.” Ix some states clergymen, physi cians, licensed druggists, attorneys, professors or teachers, editors, office holders, railway superintendents, con ductors and engineers are exempted from jury duty, and men who read newspapers are not deemed capable of judging impartially and fearlessly on the evidence given in court, yet it is expected that intelligent juries can be easily and speedily secured. The next thing in order will be a classified serv ice of jurymen graded according to their ignorance. The souvenir edition of the Roches ter Daily Post is a superb number, and with its issue Editor Leonard has dis tanced all competitors. The paper is of sixteen pages, bound in magazine form in a neat cover, and is a com plete epitome of the history, the re sources and industries of the city and Olmsted county. It is profusely illus trated, the half-tone engravings, of which there are a score or more, pre sent views of the insane hospital, pub lic buildings and business houses. The biographical sketches of most of the prominent citizens are accompanied by photo-engravings, and the issue will long stand as a model of what a souve nir edition should be. We have received the first number of the St. Louis Weekly Post-Dispatch, and if the initial number is a criterion to judge by, we predict that it will hare a large circulation among that class of people who have neither time to read nor the money to spare for a daily. The Post-Dispatch is a seven column eight-page paper, the subscrip tion price being only fifty cents a year. It contains the cream of the news, logical editorials on the vital issues of the times, short stories, fun and humor, catchy cartoons, a women’s depart ment, etc. This excellent publication is pre-eminently a newspaper for the family, containing matter which will interest the old and young of both sexes. Fifteen would-be regulators in Florida were taught a severe lesson the other day, and the leader and several more received their just deserts and in the future will regulate no more. A negro boy and a white lad, the lat ter the son of a town marshal, engaged in fisticuffs and the darkey thoroughly whipped his opponent. The father of the boy became enraged at this, and, al though an officer sworn to obey and up hold the law, organized a mob of fifteen men who went to the home of the par ents of the negro and demanded the boy. The father, as any parent would do, refused to surrender his son. The whites attempted to batter down the door of the cabin, and the negro opened fire with a Winchester, killing the marshal and one other and fatally wounding two more. The cowardly mob lied, but returned in increased numbers a few hours later and find ing that their intended victims had lied drove the poor old grandmother of the boy out of the house and set fire to it. If there is any law and justice in the state of Florida it should be meted out to the full extent to these miscreants. We have received The Prison Mirror and welcome it to our table. It is always bright and readable. But if the horse-editor quotes any more of our jokes, like the one about the colored woman and Chinese husband raising Jewish children, and credits them to Ex., we'll lick the cuss when he comes up our way. Our wit only bubbles oc casionally and we cannot afford to lose any of its phosphorescence.—Satterlee’s Journal. We endeavor at all times to give proper credit to clippings, but some times it is not possible to do so. Bro. Satterlee being an old newspaper man he need not be told that it is the bright est paragraphs that soonest lose their identity, and having overlooked in the Journal the phosphorescent gleam of wit in question, we took it from an ex change and it had already been claimed by the hybrid author, “Ex.” However, now that we know there is a never failing stream of wit that has its source under the hairless dome of Bro. Satter lee's head-piece, we shall scan the Journal’s columns closely in the future that none of the good things shall es cape us. As to the threat of personal violence in the above paragraph, that is hardly worth noticing. We do not find it necessary in our business to travel about to any considerable ex tent, and the Journal editor knows very well that in all probability we shall never call on him at the out-of the-way place in which he is located to demand a retraction of his threatening language. ABOLISH THE DEATH PENALTY. The L'nited States is deemed the world over as the most enlightened, the freest and most progressive na tion on the globe, yet there is no coun try where the list of crimes upon which the death penalty is imposed is as large as ours. In the naval code twen ty-two offenses of this kind are found, twenty-live in the military regulations, and seventeen under the civil law, mak ing a total of sixty-two capital crimes. Vy e are apt to consider Russia a half civilized nation, but for the past one hundred and fifty years the only capi tal offense in that country has been treason, and in China only eleven crimes are considered grave enough to warrant the taking of life. Both in Europe and America quite a number of countries have entirely abolished the death penalty and statistics have demonstrated that no increase in social crimes have followed its abolition. There is at present a bill pending in the United . States senate abolishing capital punishment under the civil law and it should certainly receive the vote of every member of that august body, as the best evidence that could possibly be furnished that the death penalty is not a deterrent of crime, is the record of the United States dis trict court for the western district of Arkansas, located at Fort Smith. This court formerly took cognizance of crimes committed in certain portions of the Indian Territory, and over seventy men have been executed in the jail at that place, yet at the last session of the court more men were arraigned for capital offenses than at any prior session. The gravest objection to the death penalty, excluding the question of the right of any society, state or na tion to deprive a human being of his [life, is that it causes it to be valued lightly even in judicial circles, and that such is the case is proven by the fact that quite a number of the men executed had at one time been officers of the court and that the executive of the United States in granting an ap plication for a commutation of sen tence severely scored the judge and other officials of the court for their callousness in regard to the sanctity of human life. If such, then, is the effect on the judiciary and executive officers, would not the harmful iniluences on the community where such scenes are enacted be sufficient reason for the re peal of the death penalty? RECKLESS SHOOTING. The reckless use of firearms in the hands of officers of the law ought to be checked if the warnings conveyed by two recent occurrences in neighbor ing states count for anything. A short time ago a man traveling across lowa in company with his wife became in sane and fell from or jumped from the platform of the train. His mania took the form of fear that he was being pursued by enemies seeking his life, and when he made a show of resistance to capture, an excited constable shot him down like a dog. Xo investiga tion of the affair was made, but the doubly stricken wife carried a corpse home instead of the husband whom she was taking east for treatment in the hope of curing him of his malady. An almost identical case is reported recently from Wisconsin where an es caped inmate from an insane asylum, possessed of a similar fear that his life was in danger was mistaken for a cer tain fugitive from justice and because he would not surrender without a struggle he, too, was shot down by an other officious country officer. Luckily his wounds will not prove fatal, but this does not relieve the authorities from the obligation of investigating the case. Xo man’s life is safe from these rattleheaded petty police officers in country districts and an example should be made of some of them before any more innocent lives are sacrificed. —Minneapolis Tribune. It is not only in country districts that such heedless shooting is indulged in by over-zealous officers. There is no large city in the country where it is not of frequent occurrence, and at the present time over a score of police men are on the suspended list in the city of Chicago for this very offense. It is too often the case that when such men are invested with a little brief au thority they act in a more arbitrary manner than a member of the czar’s famous third division. The St. Louis Post-Dispatch calls loud for ‘“cheaper water for St. Louis.” One would infer from this that St. Louis is beginning to find out that water is useful for other purposes than naviga tion. —Chicago Inter Ocean. The Prison Mirror, published by the inmates of the Minnesota state prison, is as bright as a new dollar and should find a place in 4 the homes of all who desire to read a good paper. It costs only SI.OO per year.—Tyler Jour nal. In a graduating class of twenty young ladies at Columbia, Mo., only one admitted that she was willing to marry. The answers might have been different, however, if the question had been asked by eligible young men.— Kansas City Journal. The difference between a somnambu list and a messenger boy is trifling: One walks in his sleep and the other sleeps in his walk.—Philadelphia x ress. The modern magazine represents the boarding-house strawberry shortcake, with a thick dough of advertisements and a thin suggestion of mashed straw berry literature—Kansas City Journal. The new, women are doing them selves proud and so far as brains are concerned they are not at all Jacking. At the state university this year six teen out of the twenty-two commence ment honors have been won by the ladies. They also capture the vale dictory and salutatory. Miss Beach who has won the honor of valedictorian has secured the best marks ever given a university student. That is some thing for the girls to crow over. Say, boys, you will have to look out if you don’t want to get left.—Herman En terprise. When the breezy, blooming bloomers are universally the go, how will tailors press the creases in them, I should like to know? When the baby’s head is nodding and it wants to take a nap, how can mamma lull her darling in a bifurcated lap ? How can Bridget shoo the chickens with no sk'irt to flop and fling, when the creatures go a-grubbing in the garden in the spring? But the question most annoying that our spec ulations hatch: Can she vie with men in action when she goes to strike a match?—Princeton Union. Punctuation points continually breed points of law. The latest case of the kind occurred in Indiana, where the state supreme court was compelled to address itself to the task of discover ing, for judicial reasons, the true func tion of the semicolon. There cannot be a doubt that the function of all the punctuation marks is to make the meaning of written or printed language clear; but it is a question whether their use according to divergent and arbi trary standards does not often defeat this purpose, and w r hether a purer style and clearer meaning might not be pro moted by dispensing w T ith many of the marks with which eminent authorities now deem it necessary to pepper their deliverances.—Minneapolis Times. The Xew York Tribune , taking a text from the fate of Hildreth, the young train-wrecker, calls attention to the “alarming tendency to rowdyism among both city and country youths whose parents are respectable and law abiding people, and that essentially the same conditions prevail in the towns and cities.” The tragic result in many cases it attributes to the neglect of children by their parents. We often speak of “neglected children” as those of the slums, but in the same category we might place many a boy of well-to do parents. They are .personally al lowed to grow up without direct per sonal oversight and under the assump tion that they may be safely left to take care of themselves. As the Trib une says, “They give their boys less careful attention than they do their colts or their bookkeepers.’’—Christian Register. * LITEEAEY NOTES. * Dolly Madison, the wife of James Madison and one of the most charming hostesses who ever reigned in the White House, is the subject of the book sketch in the San Francisco Argonaut of May 18th. It is based on a new biogra phy, and presents in long extracts a brilliant series of pictures of social life in the early days of the republic. Bret Harte's new story and Jerome K. Jerome’s latest piece of fiction have both been secured by the Ladies Home Journal for immediate publication. Jerome’s story is called “Reginald Blake, Financier and Cad,” and sketch es an incident in fashionable London society. Bret Harte calls his story “The Indiscretion of Elsbeth,” and pictures the romance of a young American who falls in love with a Ger man princess masquerading as a dairy maid. The Lincoln paper in McClure's Magazine for June will describe Lin coln in his familiar, every-day relations with his family, friends and neighbors, at the time of his return to Springfield after serving a term in congress. It will contain a number of new facts and anecdotes, and will present Lincoln in one of his most attractive aspects. The paper will be fully illustrated. An en tirely new near view of Grant will be given in a paper written by the man who was chaplain of the 21st Illinois when Grant was colonel of the regi ment, and who lived, during that time, in the closest intimacy with him. It reports interesting conversations with Grant and relates a number of charac teristic anecdotes. JWQQETS OF QOLD. Enjoy present pleasures in such a way as not to injure future ones.— Seneca. If thou desirest ease, in the first place take care of the ease of thy mind. —Fuller. The true work of art is but the shadow of the divine perfection.—Mi chael Angelo. There is no compensation for the woman who feels that the chief rela tion of her life has been a mistake. She has lost her crown.—George Eliot. God hides some ideal in every human soul. At some time in our life we feel a trembling, fearful longing to do some good thing. Life finds its noblest spring of excellence in this hidden im pulse to do good—Robert Collyer. It is supremacy, not precedence, that we ask for the Bible; it is contrast, as well as resemblance, that we must feel compelled to insist on. The Bible is stamped with specialty of origin, and an immeasurable distance separates it from all competitors—W. E. Glad stone. When God has a great work for any one to do in the world He usually gives him a peculiar training for it, and that training is just what no earthly friend would choose for him, and sometimes it is so long continued that there seems to us to be little time left for him to work.—Mary Lyon. Myriads of our fellow creatures have perished because those around them did not know' how to feed them. The time, indeed, is at hand when syste matic lectures on food will be part of medical education, when the value of feeding in disease is admitted to be as important as the administration of medicines.—Fothergill. Every human soul has a complete and perfect plan cherished for it in the heart of God—a divine biography marked out which it enters into life to live. This life, rightly unfolded, will be a complete and beautiful whole, an experience led on by God and unfolded by his secret nurture as the trees and flow'ers by the secret nurture of the world. We live in the divine thought. We fill a place in the great, everlasting plan of God’s intelligence. We never sink below his care, never drop out of his counsel—Horace Bushnell. But however general custom may hurry us away in the stream of a com mon error, there is no evil, no crime, so great as that of being cold in matters which relate to the common good. This is in nothing more conspicuous than in a certain willingness to receive anything that tends to the diminution of such as have been conspicuous in struments in our service. Such incli nations proceed from the most low and vile corruption of which the soul of man is capable. This effaces not only the practice, but the very approbation of honor and virtue; and has had such an effect that, to speak freely, the very sense of public good has no longer a part even of our conversations.—Sir R. Steele. The envious man is in pain upon all occasions which ought to give him pleasure. The relish of his life is in verted, and the objects which adminis ter the highest satisfaction to those who are exempt from this passion give the quickest pangs to persons who are subject to it. All the perfections of their fellow creatures are odious. Youth, beauty, valor and wisdom are provocations of their displeasure. What a wretched and apostate state this is! to be offended with excellence, and to hate a man because we approve him! The condition of the envious man is the most emphatically misera ble; he is not only incapable of rejoic ing in another’s merit or success, but lives in a world wherein all mankind are in a plot against his quiet, by study ing their own happiness and advan tage.—Steele. It is when considered as the passage to another world that the contempla tion of death becomes holy and reli gious; that is, calculated to promote a state of preparedness for our setting out on this great voyage—our depar ture from this world to enter the other. It is manifest that those who are en grossed with the things that pertain to this life alone, who are devoted to worldly pleasure, to worldly gain, honor or power, are certainly not preparing themselves for the passage into an other; while it is equally manifest that the change of heart, of desires, wishes, tastes, thoughts, dispositions, which constitutes a meetness for entrance in to a happy, holy, heavenly state—the hope of which can indeed “mate and master the fear of death”—must take place here on earth; for, if not, it will not take place after death.—Whately.