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i r~ ' , **- Vol. X.—No. 40 LIFE’S MIRROR. There are loyal hearts, there are spirits brave, There are souls that are pure ami true! Then give to the world the best you have And the best will come back to you. Give love, and love to your life will how, ' A strength in your utmost need; Have faith, and a score of hearts will show Their faith in your word and deed. Give truth, aud your gifts will be paid in kind, And honor will honor meet, And a smile that is sweet will surely find -A smile that is just as sweet! Give pity and sorrow to those who mourn; You will gather, in flowers again, The scattered seeds from your thought out borne, Though the sowing seemed but vain. For life is the mirror of king and slave. 'Tis just what we are, and do. Then give to the world the best you have And the best will come back to you. —Madeline S. Bridges, Written for The Prison M irror AN INTERPLANETARY VOYAGE In the early days of the twentieth century there lived an aged doctor who devoted the greater part of his life to studying methods in vogue in our penal institutions. After an exhaust ive research in this country and Europe, he decided upon further investigation, declaring that the results, so far as the individual was concerned, were un satisfactory. The theory which he advocated was universally rejected by the leading criminologists of the day. The mam object sought by them in the way of prisons in order to be classed as model institutions, he claimed, was to place the plant upon a self-sustaining basis and to keep the inmates indus triously employed. Our scientists at this time had elec trified the people with the intelligence that the airship was no longer classed with "perpetual motion;” “the arrival of the millennium;” “love thine en emies.’ etc., as unsolved problems. In navigating the air the dream of the nineteenth century was realized. The doctor became quite enthusi astic over the airship and immediately began making arrangements for build ing one under his own personal super vision with the avowed purpose of making a trip among the unexplored planets in quest of further information in regard to penal work. During the construction of the-airship I was a frequent visitor at the doctor’s ranch. At first I imagined that the doctor was suffering from a conglom eration of worn-out wheels. But as 1 listened to his conversation I was simply astounded at the vast amount of information he possessed, and the lucid manner in which he would clinch his arguments. When he would drift upon the subject of penal methods you would imagine the man was inspired as you listened to his quotations from ancient and modern history showing the cause of the gradual increase of crime. Being seriously impressed with the •doctor’s honest, patriotic feelings to ward his fellow countrymen, I gladly accepted his invitation to accompany him upon his voyage to the far distant habitats of unknown races of people. As the time approached for our de parture, I questioned the doctor as to what means he had taken in case the planets were inhabited by a savage race of people. He replied: “Before extending you an invitation to accom pany us upon this unprecedented voyage, I thoroughly investigated your ability and accomplishments and dis- covered that you possessed a knowl edge of hypnotism and the power to control the actions of others in case of an emergency. I also learned that you possessed the secret of telepathy, or thought transference, by which you are able to converse with people of an unknown tongue. This was really the case. Among his crew of seven per sons, each possessed a profound knowl edge in their respective calling. The doctor seemed to think of every thing, and the events of the journey proved it was well that he did. In pas sing from our atmosphere it was neces sary to have air and heat artificially supplied, and for this purpose he had selected men proficient in these nranches of science. The body of the doctor’s airship was of a clear transparent celluloid and perfectly air tight, so that none of the air could escape. lie was very fortunate in securing Prof. Iconoclast who distinguished himself and played such an important part in the great battle which is known as *‘The Last of the Ironclads.” He was enabled to produce air by an arrangement of tubes containing oxygen and nitrogen compressed to a liquid; and with the aid of an instrument of his own inven tion, collect the air after it had become foul; and by a process known only to himself, separate the elements and again reduce them to liquids, free from all impurities. The car bonic acid gas seoured in this process was collected in a retort and used in the elaboration of heat. The instru ment used to produce heat was the invention of another member of our little company, the eminent Dr. J. F. J., who had made a thorough study of the laws of vibrations. He had evolved the theory that everything in existence was the result of vibratory action. Through complex calculations he had discovered the formula of heat; in other words, the exact number of vibra tions per second required to produce heat, and with an instrument scarcely larger than Ex-president Cleveland’s heart, he was enabled to produce the desired temperature with nothing but the carbonic acid gas mentioned above. The rest of the crew consisted of the great historian “Leonard,” who had a gilt edge contract with the Smithsonian Institute; “P. A. F.,” who acted as war correspondent; “Jasper,” who acted as press reporter; “Sinbad,” the erstwhile sailor from the Emerald Isle, whose duty it w’as to man the rigging and guide the airship; and “C. E. C.,” who filled the office of chief minstrel and entertained the company with song. At last the important day arrived. When 1 got aboard all was in readiness. The doctor pressed a button and the ship arose as gracefully as a young maiden starting upon her wedding trip. The doctor pressed another but ton and down dropped a large canvas sign containing the following words: “Just tell them that you saw me,” which was our parting salute to the planet Terra. When we had ascended well into space and looking back to Mother Earth it appeared no larger to us than a doughnut does to a hungry convict. The doctor proposed that we take a vote in order to determine which planet should receive our first attention. Jasper suggested that as the doctor had invented the ship he should make the selection. Accordingly he named Venus as our first point of destination. Our flight was rather uneventful, and if it hadn’t been for the “basso-pro* f undo” tones of our songster, C. E. C., we would have died of ennui. We all know that there are a few people in our complex social media who are endowed with exceptionally commanding talents, and such a person was our war correspondent. He had an inexhaustible store of crisp anecdotes and stories of hair-breadth escapes “IT IS NEVER TOD LATE TO MEND.” STILLWATER, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY, APRIL 29, 1897. while helping the Cubans in their late struggle for liberty. At last we came to what we supposed to be Venus, and slacked speed pre paratory to making a landing. When a favorable site was found adjacent to a large city we slowly sailed to ground. Leaving Sinbad in charge of the air ship we went on a tour of investiga tion. We were surprised at the simi larity to our own world; but, while the people were surely far advanced in civilization, yet we could see that they were behind our world in some re spects. Their airships were, however, models of convenience, aerial naviga tion having been in vogue for centu ries; but it was only very recently that they had navigated outside their own atmosphere, and then only to their three moons, one of which was used as a penal institute. Here at last was what the doctor was looking for and on making inquiries in regard to the moon on which lived the convicted criminals, we were told that it was nearly opposite to Terra (our world) and would not be visible for several hours. Our informant also stated that it was about 34 degrees left declination from Venus at that date. Venus! Then we were out of our road and on some other planet. We had miscalculated our course and discovered that our present stop was at Mars. Returning at onoe to the air ship we held a oounoil and Sinbad was roundly scored for his carlessness. He retorted that the ship hadn’t a better man for the “Price.” After a short deliberation we de cided to continue our journey, and having distributed a number of Copies of The Prison Mirror as represent ing the best journalism of Terra, we again assembled ready for the start. The doctor pressed the button aud away we sailed. Having stopped but a few hours on Mars we were all heartily glad when at last the good ship was safely landed on Venus and our journey for a time, was at an end. We found Venus in a much higher state of civilization than either Terra or Mars. The doctor, true to his pur pose of discovering some method of improving the condition of the penal fortresses on Terra, at once began to make inquiries along that line. What must have been his surprise at the re sult! They had no penitentiaries on Venus, no courts, no jails, no sheriffs and what was most surprising of all on a planet far superior to our own in civilization—no laws. After making exhaustive enquiries we elicited the fact that at some far remote period they had had laws and* penitentiaries, but it had been discovered by them that “it was the laws that made the criminals.” When they had their code of laws, men endowed with a superior intellect preyed on those less fortunate until most of the surface of their globe was owned by a few, and the balance of the population were in dire need. This condition was a fruitful source of crime, and the population was further impoverished by the expensive execu tive machinery necessary to preserve this unnatural state of affairs. With them crime was absolutely un known. There seemed to be no in centive to crime, the people were happy and contented. The doctor, though thwarted in his design to dis cover new methods of treating crimi nals, was delighted with the people and their freedom from the ills that make life on earth a burden to the inhabit ants, but believing that their mode of life was unsuited to the people of our world, we made but a short though a delightful visit. One peculiarity of the inhabitants of Venus is their form of greeting. In stead of “How do you do,” or “Good morning,” they use words the equiva lent of which in our language would be “You are looking beautiful this morning.” I think this custom results from the extraordinary beauty of the inhabitants, and from the fact that they never see their own reflected im mage. Their brooks give back no re flection, and the looking glass so common with us is unknown there. It was an amusing sight, when we had distributed sample copies of our paper among them to see the fair Venuses admiring themselves in The Mirror. But all good things as well as bad must have an ending, and our return to earth was somewhat hastened by the fact that our war correspondent could no longer join us in our pleasure trip, but remained all by his lonesome ness in the airship. He had lost his visiting ticket. [This true story was written from notes taken by Jasper on the return trip, and has since been copyrighted on Mars and Venus—a copyright on earth seemed unnecessary.] A. C. 11. and Jasper. THE VALUE OF AFFLICTION Few people know how to estimate the value of what is commonly reck oned to be misfortune. Perhaps a ma jority will not want to admit that it has any value, except a negative one; as when in algebra we add a minus quantity thereby securing a result less than nothing. Nevertheless, it is a fact, and to us prisoners should be a most encouraging one, that the re verses and hardships of life may be the means of great benefit to us. The pleasant fragrance of many a flower is revealed only after the flower has been crushed. Some of the noblest of lives have often been developed from misfortune. “Not a truth has to art or to science been given, but that brows have ached for it and souls toiled and striven.” The men who have come to prominence in our national history have done so, not because of rare good fortune, but in spite of mis fortune and the lack of good opportu nities, except as they made them. Grant and Lincoln knew the days of poverty and distress before the great ness within them could be exhibited in their good services. Washington witnessed the stains of blood from the exposed feet of his soldiers on the line of march and himself cried to heaven out of a distressed heart during that winter at Valley Forge, before the morning of his glory dawned. David came to the front with a bound as the champion of Israel’s army; but he had previously fought with a lion and a bear; and even after such a signal vic tory as his, in the presence of both armies, it was necessary, in order that the best in him might be developed, for him to be driven out from home into the dens and caves of Judea, and be hunted on the hills like an animal before he was qualified to be the great king of a rising nation. The history of heroes is a history springing from the depths of misfortune and hardship. Fellow prisoners, our confinement within these walls may be of great benefit to us if we will so have it. The one great thing is for us not to allow our imprisonment to make our lives bitter. You have been harshly dealt with? Very likely. Few prisoners es cape harshness at all points from the time of arrest to the day of final re lease. But you cannot afford to curse the hand that smites you. The hand deserves it? Very likely. But you can not afford to do the cursing on your own account. It does not pay. Some of us may be here of absolute injustice and wrong; yet some good end may be accomplished by it. Yielding to the inevitable fate and profiting by harsh experience does not mean that we should softly and indif ferently lose our sense of justice and right. When Job’s cup of affliction was full he boiled all over. But we Tppua. ( SI.OO per year, in advance ■ turns.-} six Months 50 cents. can accept the inevitable—just or un just—in a spirit that will of itself de velop our better nature. “Gentleness of heart is Increased by sorrow. And grief may hang today upon the brow Whereon a crown shall rest tomorrow.’’ J. C. H FELONS AS STUDENTS. The school at the state penitentiary at Deer Lodge, Mont., seems to have become one of the fixed institutions of the state. Started a little more than a year ago, simply as an experiment and to furnish some kind of occupation for the inmates, it has proved from the first a pronounced success and up to the present time teachers and pupils are alike interested and enthusiastic, while the state board of prison com missioners, on retiring from office at the beginning of the year, earnestly recommended to the incoming board the continuance of the school. The school has been maintained chiefly by voluntary contributions from outsiders interested in the success of the enterprise and its progress has been greatly hampered by the lack of books and other necessary supplies. Of effi cient teachers in the different branches there is no deficiency. Many of the in mates are men of natural ability and good education, some of them being graduates from the leading schools and colleges of the United States and of other countries. But whatever the hindrances and obstacles which these teachers and their pupils have had to encounter, in the lack of supplies, tfrey have made the best possible use nf all that hae been furnished to'fbem, l'he branches taught are reading, spelling, grammar, history, geography, arithmetic, algebra, penmanship, book keeping, typewriting and telegraphy. The men have manifested an unusual degree of interest in telegraphy and to facilitate study in this direction the state board of commissioners purchased a complete telegraphic instrument and apparatus and this has proved one of the most interesting studies of the school. A number of typewriting ma chines, which had been in use for sotne sime in the various state offices, were repaired and sent to the penitentiary for the benefit of the students. Contrary to the expectation of many who were engaged in the experiment, all classes in the penitentiary are alike interested in the school. From the oldest to the youngest of the prisoners all show a willingness to take advan* tage of this opportunity for improve ment and it is apparent that a decided advance has been made, mentally and morally, by those who have been able to attend the school regularly. Great pains have been taken by the state board to bring the efficiency of the school up to the highest possible stand ard with the means at its command and every effort has been made to im prove the conditions of the prisoners and to make their time pass as rapidly and as profitably as possible. A great change for the better is noticeable in the appearance and conduct of the con victs. The total number of convicts in the penitentiary is 312. Of this number twenty-two are serving life sentences, one a sixty-year sentence and two are serving forty-year sentences. There are a few in for sentences of thirty-five twenty-five, fifteen and eleven years, while twenty-eight have sentences of ten years. A great many are in for still shorter sentences—thirty-seven for five years and twenty-three each for three years and two years, so that most of them have a prospect for long terms in which to advance in their mental condition. Of the various counties in the state, Silver Bow has furnished fifty-eight convicts, the largest number of criminals from any one county.— Chicago Record.