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Edited and Published by the Inmates of the Minnesota State Prison. Entered at the Post-ottice at Stillwater, Minn., as second-class mail matter. This paper will be forwarded to subscribers until ordered discontinued and all arrears are paid. Should THE MIRROR fail to reach a subscriber each week, notice should be sent to this office, and the matter will be attended to at once. Contributions solicited from any and all sour ces. Rejected manuscript will not be returned. THE Mirror is issued every Thursday at the following rates: One Year ______ SI.OO Six Months - - - .50 Three Months ------ .25 To inmates of penal institutions, 50 cts. per year. Address all communications. Editor, PRISON MIRROR. Stillwater, Minn. THE 71EHKOU is a weekly paper published in the Minnesota State Prison. It was founded in 1887 by the prisoners and is edited and man aged by them. Its objects are to be a home newspaper; to encourage moral and intellectual Improvement among the prisoners; to acquaint the public with the true status of the prisoner; to disseminate penological information and to aid in dispelling that prejudice which has ever been the bar sinister to a fallen man’s self-redemption. The paper is entirely dependent on the public for its financial support. If at any time there should accrue a surplus of funds, the money would be expended in the interests of the prison library. NOTICE. THOSE receiving copies of The Mir ror who are not subscribers will please consider them as sample cop ies. If, after reading them, you should conclude that The Mirror is worthy of your patronage, send one dollar to this oilice and we will enter your name on our books for a year’s subscription. There are no brilliant successes in this life for those who place en tire dependence on the backing of influential friends. The children who are coached to utter juvenile witticisms for so cial effect very often grow up into geniuses of the lunk-head variety. Many a man has wrecked his own destiny by putting more faith in others than he was willing to place in himself. Learn to have confidence in yourself, then use the advice of others. The Greeks are now trying to make matters as interesting for their leaders as they originally in tended to make them for the heathen Turk. King George and his family are barricaded in their castle awaiting the decree of popu lar sentiment among the Greeks. When Ave learn to treat others with proper respect in conversa tion whether in their presence or to acquaintances we will have ac quired that which will cause mer ited respect for us from others. The flippant talker who seldom thinks of anything good to say of another can expect only the same treatment as he gives, and makes a very bad impression of himself to a sensible listener. Vice increases in weight with years. Just as the sack of flour we raise to our shoulders with ap parent ease increases in weight in a ratio with the distance we have to carry it. So also is it with crime. It is seemingly easy to commit it but as we progress in it the moral and physical punishment becomes unbearable, and Ave die shackelled to it if we have not the stamina to throw off the load in time. It requires the chastening arm of adversity to recall many of us to a proper understanding of life and its duties. Continued prosperity breeds indifference to the higher duties of our existence. As the Avorld has noted in the past feAV years, general adversity is some times necessary to bring to us col lectively and in a forcible manner the puissant fact that there is more in life to be considered than mere eating, drinking and money getting. One phase of the Cuban trouble that should appeal to the Ameri can sense of honor and at once urge them to see that the island is placed on a peaceful footing, even though immediate war be the re sult, is the following item from the telegraphic columns of the daily press: Havana, June 4. —Guerrillas oper ating around Mantua, Cimarones, San tana, Lomasaltos and Umbas, upon their return to Dimas, Sunday last brought in 009 prisoners, of which 332 were women and 106 children. The pretty girls were parceled out among the officers of the local garrison and many of the children were given to charitable families of the locality. Two guerrilla lieutenants are said to have fought a duel over one of the fair Cu ban prisoners, SenoritaFelipaMalazon, 10 years old, daughter of a well-known insurgent chief. To any one having a meagre knowledge of the degraded, scrofula-infected scions of the families whose children usually officer the regiments of depraved dynasties the above will bear the strong imprint of truth. The slavery existing in our own country years ago w T as the acme of civil ized respectability when compared to the atrocious conduct meted out to female prisoners of war in Cuba by the degraded scum of second hand Spanish aristocrats. The sister of a prisoner in this institution has undertaken a re markably meritorious effort in be half of the imprisoned brother whose offense has left a stain on an otherwise highly respected family. This lady is well advanced in years and has saved considerable money from her salary as a school teacher, she having worked con tinuously at that vocation in a western state. She is in this state now and has resolved to make res titution of every dollar that people have been defrauded out of by her wayward brother. Even the cost of the trial she is determined to make good to the county in which he was convicted. This is really a stupendous undertaking as there are several charges still pending against the brother for any of which he could be returned here. She made a visit to the prison and had her brother give a detailed statement of all his fraudulent transactions that she might the easier make the loss good. This lady is certainly remarkable in her honesty and deserves the highest praise for her laudable efforts to take a stain from her family name. She, it may be truly said, is one out of a thousand. UNACKNOWLEDGED HEROISM. “All the Avorld lo\ T es a hero,” says a favorite saw. But it may be added that noAvadays heroism is acknoAvledged by the amount of advertising it receives rather than the quality of the deeds. Do Ave ever give more than a passing thought to the poor, worn-out AvidoAvs drudging through lives of misery to rear a family of father less children? Do our ladies of fashion ever ponder over the blood SAveated out of some unfortunate sister who bastes and seAvs all day long on the garments that are of fered “so cheap” at the bargain counter? Does our lady as she sits back in her landau think of the poor, suffering sister to whom the merchant princes of our up-to date industrial system pay fifty cents for from tAvelve to fourteen hours of incessant labor that they may place on their counters gar ments made enticing to prospective buyers at the cost of blood draAvn from the unfortunate Avomen who must Avork for what their employer feels like paying or starve? This is a free country? Certainly, these Avomen do not have to Avork—per ish the thought! They have an other alternative: they and their children may starve, if they so desire. The magnanimous em ployer will kneel in his cushioned pew the following Sunday and offer up a prayer to heaven for the welfare (?) of their souls. Yet many of these poor women succeed by the most thorough self-denial in keeping together the little family and fitting them for life’s struggle. But at what a cost! Generally a premature death plays an important part in the lives of these noble heroines whose true worth the busy world seldom recognizes. The world is making wonderful advances in machinery —and also in barbarism. Go into the factories engaged in the man ufacture of wearing apparel and watch the continuous labor of the women employed there; then go to the office of the establishment and look over the pay rolls and you will find inspiration for a profound study in sociology. Go to the homes of the ones employed by these same concerns on the “piece price” plan and you will find ma terial for another profound study on the barbarism of the industrial system of a country that is con tinually railing about the atrocities of the Turks and the benighted condition of the “poor heathen” in foreign lands. When you have done with these studies just ask yourself what can be expected from the children of the unacknowl edged heroines whose very blood is the cheapening factor of the lovely garments that hang in your wardrobe. THG TRAMP EVIL. Many of our leading periodicals are giving considerable space of late to the discussion of “The Tramp Evil” and how it may be overcome or its continued exist ence abated. We are pleased to see the influential publications of the day take up the discussion of this subject which is in reality a vital issue in the general progress of humanity. In the present industrial stag nation it will be found a rather difficult matter to sift the actual “tramp” from the distressed work ingman who may be placed in the “vagrant” category through cir cumstances not necessarily attrib utable to shiftlessness on his part. Many a man is nowadays called a tramp, or, perhaps, forced to be one in our social index, for the reason that no other mode of ex istence is open to him save a hand to-mouth living that he must glean through the charity of his fellow beings. Personally we have seen and spoken to individuals of every shade and degree of wdiat is gen erally termed the tramp species. With this fact painfully in view the description and grading of the species and their various vices and qualifications as set down by some well-intentioned writers is a posi tive novelty. This talk of free masonry and the sign manual as practiced by the tramp is simply bosh. The simon-pure tramp is too lazy and indifferent to attempt the labor of acquiring a sign lan guage. And right here we may state that there are practically but tw’o classes of this vagrant species, the hobo and the never-work. The hobos are very erroneously called tramps, however. They do not properly belong to that degraded species at all. Hobos are alw T ays willing and anxious to work. Their great fault—if such it can be called —is that they love to wander from state to state and see as much of the country as possible. If they hear of high wages and plenty of work in a particular section of the country they will immediately betake themselves thither by the cheapest mode of transportation—that of the tramp, stealing a ride. The Dakota farmer and the foreman of sugar houses throughout the south are able to tell to a nicety the willing hobo from the degenerate “never- work” tramp. Let the hobo ele ment stay away from the grain belt region of Minnesota and the Dakotas for one season and you will hear a wail from the farmers that will strongly emphasize the statement that the derided “hobo” is in reality a very essential ele ment in the transient labor market. Usually they are a good-natured, reckless set of men who spend their money too freely for their own benefit. But they should never be classed with the real tramp, though they indulge in trampish methods of getting a meal when they are “broke,” which is too often the case after they have made a little “stake” and spent it like princes with unlim ited means. The real tramps, the men who have gotten so low as to be but animals are far worse in a com munity than criminals. If they do not steal it is because there is work connected with the effort, and such a word as work is not in their vocabulary. It may be said, to the credit of the west, that the real tramp is found in the east and remains there, traveling up and down certain railroad lines and re sorting to the comforts of the county jail in winter. The west is not yet populated thickly enough for him. It is “too long between eats” when he has to take the turnpike. There may be some “cure” for these degraded “never-work” speci mens of humanity; if such panacea is discovered it must have as its principal component work in large quantities and frequent doses. As for the hobo element, their trampish proclivities will diminish in the same ratio as the industrial situation improves. Though im provident they are a very neces sary element in the upbuilding of our agricultural regions and in public works on the frontier and in isolated regions where rugged constitutions capable of withstand ing all kinds of hardships are a necessity. The domesticated la borer does not take kindly to such work, so we may say in closing, that the hobo, as this class is called, is deserving of sympathy rather than frowns when he is in hard luck—even though such con dition is partly due to his own im providence. The June issue of Demorest’s Magazine deals in an interesting manner with topics that uncon sciously hold the attention of the reader by their real merit. “The Colonial Dames of America,” by Carolyn Halsted, will be eagerly read by all ladies imbued wfitli the patriotic fervor that dignified American ancestry. Other timely topics and short stories make this issue interesting to the average reader. The “Municipal Ownership of Street Railways” is one of the many features of Donalioe’s Maga zine for June. The pros and cons of this subject are handled in a business-like way by a symposium of men whose commercial training enables them to deal with such matters in an aggressive yet logi cal manner. The agitation of this vital matter will be earnestly wntched by students of municipal economy. “The average young man is the agreeable fellow who earns enough money to take care of himself and to put by a little for special occa sions,” writes Ruth Ashmore in the June Ladies’ Home Journal. “But he is not a millionaire, and he is not the young man drawn by those illustrators who, in black and white, give us so-called society sketches. A combination of fool ish influences makes the girl of to day expect entirely too much from the young man of today. She reads, or is told, that when a young man is engaged to be married he sends his fiancee so many pounds of sweets, so many boxes of flowers, as well as all the new books and all the new music that may appear each week. * * * If there were more honest girls in this world—honest in their treat ment of young men—there would be a greater number of marriages and fewer thieves. Yes, I mean exactly what I say. It is the ex pectation on the part of a foolish girl that a man should do more than he can honestly, that has driven many men to the peni tentiary, and many more to lives of so-called single blessedness.” One finds the expected variety in the contents of the American Monthly Review of Reviews for June. The subjects of the sugar tariff; a sixty years’ retrospect of the British Empire; the recent visit to the United States of M. Brune tiere, the French critic; the de fective eyesight lately developed among American children, and the movement for the pensioning of school teachers, are treated in special articles. The editorial de partment entitled “The Progress of the World” covers such topics as American intervention in Cuba, the relation of Hawaii to the sugar question, the use of money in politics by corporations, the en larged metropolis of New York, the fate of the arbitration treaty, European alliances and the Gfreco- Turkisli war, the future of Greece, etc. There are very few newspaper men in the penitentiaries. It takes all their time watching the other fellows’ meanness. —Bellingham Times. Farmer Oatbin—“Bring me sum more corn —” Waiter—“ Hey ?” Farmer Oatbin— “No! Corn, goi dern ye!”—Up-To-Date. “Some men,” said Uncle Eben, “kin train er dog ter do anyt’ing dey tells ’im an’ at de same time raise de mos’ disobejintest chillun in de neighborhood.”—Washington Star. An Austrian physician is talking up the virtues of birch sap as a remedial agent. The virtues of the birch rod is an old story in many families.—Pine Island Record. Old Sol may resent the story wired from Vera Cruz, Mexico, to the effect that clouds of flies cover his face from view. Spots are bad enough, but the imputation of fly specks is liable to make a self-re specting luminary boiling hot. —St. Louis Republic. Many a man owes his success in life more to the hisses of his ene mies than to the plaudits of his friends. Out w’est farm mortgages have become so heavy that they have to bore through them with an auger in order to plant corn. —Orange (Va.) Observer. Sunday is a great day in Glasgow and some of the people there want to make it still more remarkable, by compelling the cows to observe the Sabbath. The way that it is to be done is by docking the allow ance of feed so as to dispense wdtli Sunday milking. By such means the cattle will have a day of rest; also the milkers.—St. Paul Dis patch. Three thousand years ago a Greek philosopher wrote, “Law is like a spider’s w’eb —it is made to hold the little flies while the large ones escape.” The dismissal on technical grounds of the case pend ing against Piute Havermeyer, president of the sugar trust, proves these words to be as true today as when written thousands of years ago. —Martin County Sentinel. Warden Wolfer fears our state prison will be unable to supply all binder twine ordered this season. Orders are coming in at a rapid rate and bookings to date aggre gate 120 cars. The factory is run ning over time and by the first of July will have nearly 2,000 tons on hand. This twine manufacture has saved the farmers of Minnesota many thousands of dollars and has relieved them from the grasp of the twine trust.—Mower County Transcript. >4F