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- TX*" Minnesota. Sta.te MINNESOTA' •|, HISTORICAL • 7 / - “IT IS NEVER TOO LATE TO MEHP,» SOCIETY. I ' Vol. XVI.— No. 32. h AS DESIRE, “the seed of the mind,” impels humanity to ward the unknowable, so also has it been the means of evol ving from the word “suggestion” a variety of definitions. It has, in a sense lost its specific meaning, while the different uses of its present enuncia tion render it almost a generalized term. i i The potency of the force which it repreßbnts, and the erroneous construc tion put upon the uses of suggestion, has been largely responsible for its diversification. The primal element of its influence has been lost sight of, in a whirl of fatuous philosophic-theologic al teachings that would disarrange the differential calculus itself, were there the least compatibility between the two. The 'potency of simple suggestion has but lately thrust itself into the path of the metaphysician, the pathologist, and the criminologist as well; and from it have grown a number of cults, who in the exclusiveness of their egoism, have eventually lost the funda mental principle on which theft faith was builded. > term, suggestion defines itself as “the presentation of an idea.” What of the potentiality of an idea? Ideas have ruled the world, swayed kingdoms— men have died for an idea. What of the association of ideas ? Their amal- gamation gives birth to a grandeur per ception of the truth in its entirety— the process being transmutation. The idea presented to ethers by suggestion, is nothing more than simple transmis sion, and yet its power for good or evil is incalculable. A personal research after the origin of an idea, admitting the success of the operation, invariably leads one to a for eign influence. The idea in a majority of instances will be found to have origi nated in transmittance, not from trans mutation. The very plebeian “you had better do” so and so, wields a'mighty influence on any preconceived idea or action, and affects the attitude of mind. Altho the subsequent action appear entirely volitionary, it is nevertheless -effected by the suggestion, in a varying proportion to the mind’s receptivity. A previous suggestion is invariably the incentive for all action, resulting effica cious or otherwise. We can expeud no force without its equivalent having been taken on at a period antecedent. It matters not whether an idea, or an experience through sense perception, has been absorbed in a past existence, or within the present .hour; the equiva lent has become a personal force an terior to the action. Turning from the moral aspect of suggestion, to that which applies to mental therapeutics, the underlying principle is the same; and it is but just to state that mental science has de parted the least from frankly acknowl edging the source of its success. The condition may be reduced to a phrase. Receptivity on the one hand, and the implanting of an idea on the other. Christian Science unconsciously works along the same line, having lost sight of the true principle, in a forced effort to regard the cosmos as an intangible non-materialistic dream —a hypothesis, which if taken, ought to be immediate ly followed by an emetic. The real un recognized, wonder-working principle in Christian Science is the same: the law of suggestion, otherwise prayer suggestion, and a condition of receptiv ity on the part of the patient,—in other words, faith. 1 It is with no apology that the state ment is made, that faith in anything is but a condition of mind, induced by suggestion, foreign or auto. Paracel sus said hundreds of years ago: “It matters not whether the object of your faith be real or false, the effect is the same.” And so it is. Witness the mir acles at Lourdes and kindred other * Che Power of Suggestion. In the abstract and commonly applied STILLWATER, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY, FEBRUARY 26,1903. shrines—the belief in amulet and charm. Was it the object in question that worked the cure ? It was the con dition of mind, inspired by the sup posedly potential qualities of the object. This leads up to an interesting sub ject: the power of certain states of mind over matter, For the discrimi nating it might be well to state here, that the term “mind” is separated as a quantity which has no tangible equiva lent in the material; for thought can no longer be considered but as a form of movement of a universal principle; a principle individualized in the single human mind as an indestructible entity. It follows of course, that it is no longer logical to maintain that the death of the organism results in the death of the intelligence. This extreme view is taken, rather than the antithetical one of the physicists, who maintain that cerebral anatomy accounts for every thing, it being more in consonance with the subject in hand. The recent developments in hypnotics have done much for psychology, clear ing the way fora more enlightened view, and forming a line of demarcation on rational grounds. To reach the unknow able, we must first pass through the known. The condition of hypnosis is usually produced by the reiterated statement that the subject will “go to sleep.” A point or object before the eyes is simply to concentrate the atten tion and remove it from externals. Suggestion in one form or other is really what produces the phenomena. The presentation of the idea “sleep.” After a perfect hypnotic condition has been attained by the operator, sugges tion still plays its part, and is the means by which the subject receives the impetus for every action,exhibiting a rational sequence of action for every idea implanted. The most curious phase of hypnosis is that which reveals what appears to be a separate person ality in the subject. The objective mind, the mind of externals, the senses, remains dormant under the influence; while the sub-conscious or subjective mind untrammeled and free, rises to the threshold of consciousness, and by implication or direct suggestion, dis closes an apparently distinct entity. It appears to be a complete storehouse of the memory, wherein every action, every word, every scene, is ingraven, with a fidelity to the actual past, un approached by the recollection of the waking, or objective mind. It never questions the validity of any claim made upon it; and is ruled entirely by the suggestion of the operator The subject is too intricate and will not admit of detail, except under a caption of its own; and is only intro duced to exemplify the power of sug gestion and its relation to psychologi cal science. From the ordinary: “I think you had better go tomorrow,” the auto-sugges tion: “I ought,” the mental science: “the fever will abate by night,” the hypnotist’s: “you will awake refreshed,” up to the Christian Science: “by faith are ye made whole,” suggestion in its multifarious applications, plays its subtle role. Paradoxical in its many aspects, a seeming inconsistency in an alogy, it yet remains and will remain the wonder worker of the world. X. M. Bjenks—Do you believe in the possi bility of the cure of disease by sug gestion V Bjinks—Why, certainly. I was feel ing pretty sick last week and my wife suggested that I go to a doctor, and it cured me right away.—Ex. “Which do you think should be more highly esteemed, money or brains ?” “Brains/’ answered Senator Sorghum. “But nowadays the only way a man can convince people that he has brains is to get money.—Ex. . Brave Cove. The following anonymous poem is regarded by James Whitcomb RUey as the finest of its kind in American literature: He’d nothing but his violin; I’d nothing but my song— But we were wed when skies were blue And summer days were long; And when we rested by the hedge N The robins came and told How they had dared to woo and win When early spring was cold. We sometimes supped on dewberries. Or slept among the hay— But oft the farmers’ wives at eve Come out to hear us play The rare old tunes—the dear old tunes!— We could not starve for long While my man had his violin And I my sweet love song. The world has aye gone well with us, Old man, since we were one!— Our homeless wandering down the lanes It long ago was done; But those who wait for gold or gear— For houses or for kine, ( Till youth’s sweet spring grows to brown and sere, And love and beauty pine, Will never know the joy of hearts That met without a fear. When you had but your violin And I a song, my dear. Europe and the Mon- roe Doctrine. Paper Read Before the Chautauqua Circle. IT IS wonderful how popular the Monroe Doctrine is becoming in Europe, how anxious the Eu- ropean powers now are to assert and repeat their affection for it and their , willingness to abide by it. This certainly is very flattering to the pride of the people of the United States. Our lare war, J, Pierpont Mor gan and our developments in general have made the respect our might. We have told them: “You may collect debts in South America, but you must not seize nor occupy terri tory,” and they have meekly knuckled down to us. „ At the same time we have told them what we dare do in the Orient, and they have dared raise no Objection. We have given them to understand South America is our private babk yard and trespassing is not allowed. While doing this we have not considered this a valid reason why we should keep out of the Orient, as we consider and look upon the Eastern Hemisphere as a common in which we have just as good a right to play as any other nation. It is quite pleasing to the more peace able amongst us, that our logic in this regard is eo humbly accepted by the foreign powers. But it must be some what dispiriting to Senator Mason and others more warlike amongst us—who cry “War! War! Glorious war!” that the European powers do not show some signs of fight. Of course we could lick these powers good and hard after Con gress opens the national purse for more warships like the one just completed, the Connecticut. There is something suspicious about this sudden friendship of Europe for the Monroe Doctrine. Why*shouldthe powers of Europe be so much more anxious to have President Roosevelt be the arbitrator of the Venezuelan diffi culty than The Hague Tribunal? Of course Europe’s suggestion of President Roosevelt was a nice compliment to him personally; it also showed the great respect of Europe for American people and for the Monroe Doctrine; for all our statesmen, from Monroe down, who have affirmed, broadened, extended and emphasized the Doctrine, it was in the nature of a great triumph. Yet President Roosevelt, while he doubtless appreciated the compliment, nevertheless told Euroire he did not want it. It was a good thing he did, as we have troubles of our own that need all of his attention and spare time. He begged to be excused, but Europe was deaf to his begging. Usually when a gift or a compliment is not acceptable to a person or a nation, it is withdrawn, and the sooner the incident is forgot ten, the better pleased is the disappoint ed donor of the gift or compliment. But in the case of Europe’s compliment to President Roosevelt and the United States, the more chary our statesmen at Washington have been of accepting, the more pressing has been Europe’s insistence that we accept. What does it mean ? It is a curious situation. Judging from what I have read it means simply this: The powers of Eu rope see greater opportunities for the extension of their trade in South Amer ica, if the United States will guarantee order and payment of debts due them by the South American republics. The broader construction of the Monroe Doctrine seems to them to indicate all this, and who could be better deputy sheriff to collect their claims than President Roosevelt, backed by the might of a great people willing to shed their blood for the Mpnroe Doctrine and for all that it involves ? E. T. B. H Dream. Ob, it was but a dream I bad While the musician played— And here the sky, and here the glad Old ocean kissed the glade; And here the laughing ripples ran, And here the roses grew That threw a kiss to every man That voyaged with the crew. Our silken sails in lazy folds Drooped in the breathless breeze; As o’er a field of marigolds, Our eyes swam o’er the seas; While here the eddies lisped and purled Around the island’s rim. And up from out the underworld We saw the merman swim. And it was dawn and middle day And midnight—for the moon On silver rounds across the bay Had climbed the skies of June— And here the glowing, glorious king Of day ruled o’er his realm, With stars of midnight glittering About his diadem. The seagull reeled on languid wing In circles round the mast; We heapd the song the sirens sing As we went sailing past; And up and down the golden sands A thousand fairy throngs Flung at us from their flashing hands The echoes of their songs. —James Whitcomb Riley. In The Darkness. IT WAS a terrific combat. The night was pitchy dark and the feeble rays of light emitted by the lantern securely fastened in the bow of the small boat, dispelled but little of the surrounding darkness, and but ac centuated the outer gloom. From my position in the boat I caught a fleeting glimpse of the dying embers of our campfire, some two hundred yards distant on the shore. Struggling fiercely for thd mastery, it seemed as tho the small craft which formed our battle ground must be overturned by our violent exertions. Back and forth we swayed, now in this end of the boat and now in that. Time and again he almost broke my hold as he struggled like one in the last agonies of despair. It meant life or death to him; while to me it meant — ah who can say what! How long we battled, exerting every ounce of muscular strength contained in our bodies, I know not, when sud denly he had seized my thumb between his teeth and I could feel Qie strong jaws close upon it with all the savage ness of some wild animal. I could scarce suppress the cry that arose to my lips; the pain was intense, and I could feel my strength going from me. For the moment I thought to give up the contest. It was only for a moment, however, and then my declining pow ers reasserted themselves, and I return ed to the conflict with a Spartan-like determination to conquor. After some preliminary skirmishing, I succeeded in forcing his body to an extended po sition in the bottom of the boat, where the struggle still continued My breath came in quick, short gasps, and my muscles were tense and hard with the great strain placed upon them. With my knee upon the prostrate form of my adversary, I slowly and cautiously worked myself into such a position that I was enabled to reach my which I had dropped in the forward part of the boat, early in the struggle. With one swift stroke of the keen 'Terms- j M-OOper year, lnadvanoe itKMs.j su Months BOcents. blade, I all but severed the head from the body. It was some time before I recovered from the severe strain to which I had been subjected. When I had gained sufficient strength, I unshipped the oars and slowly pulled in the direction * of the flickering light of our dying campfire. Arriving there lat once aroused my sleeping companions, who had taken advantage of a quiet period to enjoy a short siesta after the fa tigues of the day and early night, and proudly exhibited my prize. It was a 7 pounder and the largest eel I have ever seen, and I—well, I wasn’t much larger myself those days. G. B. M. , Augury. A horseshoe, nailed, for luck, upon a mast; That mast, wave bleached, upon the shore was cast! I saw, and thence no fetich I revered, Yet safe, through tempest, to my haven steered. The place with rose and myrtle was o’er grown, Yet Feud and Sorrow held it for their own. My garden then I sowed without one fear— Sowed fennel, yet lived griefless all the year. Brave lines, long life, did my friend’s hand * display, Not so mine own; yet mine is quick to-day, Once more in his I read Fate’s idle jest, Then fold it down forever on his breast. —Edith Thomas. History of Monroe Doctrine. Paper Read Before the Chautauqua Circle. Persons so often ask: “What is the Monroe Doctrine ?” and so much mis information exists in regard to it, that a short history of that famous measure is not out of place at this time. In few words, it declares that no European nation shall be allowed to acquire more territory nor to extend its institu - tions on this hemisphere. It will no doubt surprise many to learn that it was first suggested by Great Britain, but such is the fact. It resulted from the Napoleonic wars, which were really responsible for our war of 1812, grew principally from the impressment of American sailors into the British service. George Canning, of the British Ministry, was prominent in settling that war and in securing peace. Later when he became Secretary of the Foreign Office, he told United States Minister Rush, in his official capacity, that if President Mon roe would take strong grounds on the subject of the independence of the South American Republics he would receive the moral support of England. Between that time and the date of Napoleon’s incarceration at St. Helena, the Holy Alliance had been formed at the Congress of Yerona (1822), to estab lish legitimacy in Europe, and help Spain recover her colonies; for during the Napoleonic wars she had lost all her American possessions, save Cuba and Porto Rico. Great Britain was satisfied with Napoleon’s capture, but Spain was not; therefore the Holy Al liance. Acting on Canning’s hint, the Monroe Doctrine was formulated by John Quincy Adams, then Secretary of State, and, with slight amendments, its few sentences were included in Presi dent Monroe’s next message to congress (Dec. 2, 1823). Its adoption caused the plans of the Holy Alliance to be given -s up, so far as this hemisphere was con cerned. But this was solely because of Great Britain’s attitude, for the United States was certainly in no condition to defy the whole of Europe, and the mor al aid tendered through Canning set tled the paramount question of the day. To explain the apparently contra- / dictory subsequent acts of Great Brit- ' ain, it must be said that the govern ment of that country has since claimed that the Doctrine was merely a tem porary affair, designed for the needs of the moment. But in spite of this, and in spite of the fact that France once defied it, when she undertook to seat Maximilian as Emperor of Mexico, and altho other nations have protested against it, the Monroe Doctrine has always remained in force by the desire of the American people. J. F. S.