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• 3s he prison fpcirrur.
Edited and Published by the Inmates of the Minnesota State Prison. Entered at the post office at Stillwater, Minn., as second-class nail matter. This paper will be forwarded to subscribers nwtn ordered discontinued and all arrears are paid. Should THE MIRROR fall to reach a subscriber each week, notice should be sent to this office and the matter will be attended to at once. Contributions solicited from all sources. Rejected manuscript will sot be returned. • THE MIRROR Is Issued every Thursday at the following rates: One Tear - -- -- -- -- - - - 81 - 00 Six Months - -- -- -- -- "- -- .BO Three Months - -- -- -- -- - - * 26 To Inmates of penal Institutions 50 cts. per year Address all communications, Editor PRISON MIRROR, Stillwater, Minn. THE MIRROR Is a weekly paper published in the Minnesota State Prison. It was founded In 1887 by the prisoners and is edited and man aged by them. Its objects are to be a home newspaper; to encourage moral and Intellectual Improvement among the prisoners; to acquaint the public with the true status of the prisoner; to disseminate penological Information and to aid In dispelling that prejudice which has ever been the bar sinister to a fallen man’s self-redemption. The paper is entirely dependent on the public for Its financial support. If at any time there should accrue a surplus of funds, the money would be expended in the interests of the prison library. ALL PERSONS receiving; copies of THE MIRROR who are not on onr regular lists will please consider snch as sample copies. If, after reading;, yon conclude that THE MIRROR is worthy of patronage send yonr name to this office for a trial subscription at rates as published above. Possibly it is a good thing to be well informed regarding the affairs of yonr neighbors, but certainly it is much better to mind your own business. This is a truth that a lifetime fails to impress on some so-called men. It is a sad fact that the pitiable grey haired busybody is about as common a spectacle as his younger brother. He is a bigger nuisance than the latter, because of the respect his years com mand. The man that minds his own business is pretty sure to be contented with his lot, even if he is not always deliriously happy. He respects himself and consequently is respected by his fellows. He is usually successful in business because he devotes to his own affairs the time and grey matter the meddler wastes on the affairs of others, and the principal factor of worldly success is concentrated thought and persistent work, and plenty of it. The man that minds his own business is in variably popular and usually has some friends worthy of the name. This is largely due to the fact that he is not a knocker, that he doesn’t deal in scandal or gossip, nor does he strive to be sarcastic. The person with a bitter tongue may make others fear him, but they will hate him at the same time, and if ever the hour comes that he is in trouble and. needs friends he will find that the world repays sneers and nasty speeches with interest. It doesn’t pay to be what George Ade calls a “Buttinsky.” It is sure to get you in trouble in the long run. Who is most frequently injured in street fights? Why the curious party who rushes out half dressed to see what is going on, of course. It seems as tho Mother Nature herself has an antipathy to the busybody. He is marked for trouble from the cradle to the grave. Cast about among your acquaintance and see what sort of a man he is whom you most admire and respect. Isn’t it one who works quietly and steadily, doing his duty and taking his pleasures without bluster or bravado, one who makes it a practice to attend to his own affairs and pass up the affairs of others? Assuredly it is. It is certaintly not a meddler who spends part of his time prying into things which do not conoem him in the least, and the balance in retailing petty gossip or malignant lies as the case may be—for the busybody is always a scandal-monger. Such a creature couldn’t win the respect of a gorilla. Meddling, like most habits, grows rapidly, start ing as a mild and harmless form of curiosity and finally becoming a ruling passion. But, on the other hand, the habit of minding one’s own business also grows and is amenable to cultivation. It is within the power of every man to choose which of the two methods he will adopt and follow—to decide whether he will check the inclination to pry into his neigh bors’ affaire, or whether he will become a busybody and a disgrace to his sex. “Prison Industries” is the title of a pamphlet from the pen of Mr. Edward Grubb, who has suc ceeded Mr. William Tallack as secretary of the Howard Association, of London. Notwithstanding the fact that the subject is one with many sides, and that every person who is at all interested in it has some theory to be tested, still Mr. Grubb has man aged to compress and present it in a fairly compre hensive manner in hie little booklet. From a legal aspect, prison labor ie a form of NOTICE. punishment, and the more tirespme and monotonous it is, th*e better it answers its purpose. The utili tarian regards it as something that may be turned to the state’s advantage, .He believes it should be productive and that through it the worker should support himself. Still another view is that it should not only assist in supporting the prison, but also that through its medium the prisoner should be enabled to learn some trade or occupation which would be of benefit to him after his discharge. A fourth view, held by some modem students of penology, is that prison labor should not only be instructive, but that it should be work which tends toward oharaoter building. In other words that econo my should be sacrificed to efficiency. If the man with criminal tendencies or habits oan be reformed, it is of little consequence whether he is self-supporting during the process of reformation or not. It is upon this latter theory that the system employed in the Elmira reformatory is based. These various views of prison labor, along with others, are presented by Mr. Grubb in his essay. He favors the plan inaugurated by Mr. Brockway for prisons as well as reformatories, but admits that it will be some time before it is generally adopted. He recommends “Sloyd” work as a prison industry, as it “is good as a means of discipline for body, and mind, and character; it makes the prisoner more fit to earn an honest living on his discharge; and it does not compete with outside labor.” He also strongly rec ommends some kind of outdoor work, saying that it is “good both for the mind and body, and is unlikely to cause trouble through competition.” No one will dispute that the system advocated by Mr. Grubb is excellent, and most people will admit that the time is coming when it will be uni versally adopted, but it probably will be many years before this will be brought about. Outside the few who have devoted considerable thought to the ques tion, the idea of and uncompro mising, for those who have offended against the law, is a sort of fetish. Even an occasional judge enunciates the phrase “hard labor” with gusto and unction; and this being the case much education is necessary before the reformatory idea will take root and grow among the masses. Mr. Grubb’s paiHph let can be read with profit by all interested in the subject. It is evident that the principal purpose of President Roosevelt’s western trip is to familiarize the people with the questions engaging the atten tion of the Administration, the laws enacted during the last session of Congress and the general policy of the Government, and not to gauge the public pulse regarding future legislation. He can accom plish this purpose more readily through the medium of a series of addresses in different parts of the country than by interviews with newspaper corre spondents in Washington. So far his speeches have been but reiterations of his previous utterances and writings. In Chicago he discussed the Monroe Doctrine, a subjecf upon which his views are well enough known. Some years ago he said that the Monroe Doctrine will be respected by European powers only so long as we have a strong navy to support it, and that is the gist of his Chicago speech. “I believe in the Monroe Doctrine,” he said, “but 1 would infinitely prefer to ses us abandon it than to see us put it forward and bluster about it, and yet fail to build up the efficient fighting strength which in the last resort can alone make it respected by any strong foreign power whose interest it may ever happen to be to violate it.” At Milwaukee the regulation of the trusts was the subject of his address. And here again his views are well known to newspaper readers. He recalled the pledges he has made in the past and recounted the manner in which they have been fulfilled, saying that the anti-trust lawe Congress has enacted are sufficiently far-reaching to accom plish their purpose, and he pledged the Administra tion to enforce them. The tariff formed the subject of the Minne apolis address. He advocates a course of action similar to that hinted at by President McKinley in his Buffalo speech. In certain instances the Presi dent believes the tariff may be safely modified, and under certain conditions reciprocity treaties may be entered into, but he emphatically asserts that tariff revision “stknds wholly apart from the question of dealing with the trusts. No change in tariff duties can have any substantial effect in solving the so called trust problem.” To remove the tariff, the President believes, would be to destroy our pros perity. His short addresses before the students of Northwestern and Minnesota universities were such as one would expect from him, being full of sound advice and a fine enthusiasm. President Roosevelt likes to meet the people, his fellow citizens. He likes them and is pleased when they approve of his policy. And the people like him, wholly and unreservedly. They meet him not only as the chief executive of the nation, but as the one whom they are pleased to call their leader, a specimen of the highest type of American manhood. The cheers that greet him come from the heart. The people like him for his impetuosity, his splendid scorn of petty things, his love for manly sports and pastimes, as well as for his great ability as a states man. It is sometimes said that New York distrusts President Roosevelt. The West has better judg ment; it appreciates and admires him, regardless of its politics, ■ ODDS AND ENDS. A great many people give them selves as much uneasiness about the race question as they would over some matter that really con cerned them. Some good people would drive the colored man off the earth. But are not the colored people being tamed pretty nearly as rapidly as are the whites? If God created man he must be re sponsible for the existence of all races and if the colored man had had the same length of time and opportunity in the civilizing pro cesses that the whites have had, who knows but that he would have made as much progress as the latter? It cannot be doubted that a few generations under the in fluence of such men as Booker T. Washington would work great changes for the better among the people of his race. Mr. Washing ton is certain tly a wonder and is working wonders among his people. As he is still comparatively young, it seems very probable that he may yet achieve greater wonders than those already accomplished. Commenting on the race ques tion and on Mr. Washington’s achievements, The Mail and Breeze of Topeka, Kansas, says: The more we read of that man Booker T. Washington the more we are im pressed with the belief that he is really one of the greatest men of his age, either white or black. Booker’s greatness is manifested most in his wonderful exhibition of plain common sense and evident honesty of purpose. He recog nizes the fact that his race is up against a hard proposition. He has the good sense to recognize conditions as they exist. He knows the only way in which a black man can make himself a power is to be honest, industrious and frugal and accumulate property. Born a slave, no boy could be poorer or ap parently more friendless than he was, and yet he educated himself and built up one of the most mar velous institutions in the country and became the acknowledged leader of his race. Not only that but he commands the respect of the white race both north and south. 9 9 9 If Battle Creek doesn’t wake up and discover or invent a few more breakfast foods it may soon have some formidable rivals to contend with. Minneapolis and St. Louis are already doing business in the production of breakfast foods and there are other cities that cater to the needs of the morning stomach. So many delicious, healthful break fast foods are on the market that it sometimes seems as tho it would be nice to do nothing but eat breakfast from morning till night. A Kansas editor has just made what is supposed to be the cheap est, most healthful and appetizing discovery in breakfast foods and it would not be surprising to see him drive some of the others out of business, because his is so simple and cheap. He says, when shred ded, washed, steamed, malted, rolled and toasted, old newspapers make an excellent breakfast food. 9 9 9 Mr. Exchange has been saying a number of things this week and they are mostly about Missouri people. According to him there is a woman in that state who, when ever she hears of a mule selling for three or four hundred dollars, just can’t help wishing her husband had long ears. He also informs us that a young lady wrote a young man triend in St Louis, saying: “Dear John:— We are all well and the puppy you gave me is now the sweetest, long legged rascal you ever saw. Hop- ing you are the same, I am, yours, Gertie.” He tells us also that a young school-teacher who was an noyed because the boys of hqr olass had a habit of coming into the room puffing and panting after climbing the stairs. One day she decided to stop the nuisance. “See here, boys,” she said, “you’re mak ing altogether too much noise. Hereafter when you come into the class room I want you to leave your puffs and pants down stairs.” And again, ability increases or diminishes in ratio with our exer cises or idleness. The more we do the more we can do and more we neglect the more we must neg lect. » ¥ » The Mail atid Breeze , published at Topeka, Kansas, is a fanners’ newspaper, so much so in fact that you can see and smell the corn, potatoes, whiskers and other agri cultural products right in the paper and type, but it generally gets in some live thoughts or sound philosophy, of which the following paragraph is a sample: “It don’t make no difference what happens to a feller, his dog and his mother will always be with him.” 9 9 9 North Dakota still keeps well to the front in the production of wheat and wind. The other day a farmer of the state ordered a bi cycle from a St. Paul dealer and requested that the tires be not in flated and discount allowed ac cordingly, as North Dakota is full of wind. 9 9 9 An exchange says there are not many men who can sew, but men generally find it easier to learn to sow than to mend their ways. 9 9 9 When was the first steel pen made? k 9 9 9 Now that seedless grapes, seed less apples, seedless watermelons and other seedless fruits are grown, as well as producing tomatoes from potato plants, we should not be surprised if, in the v not distant future, potatoes will be grown on apple trees, apples on potato trees, cabbage on pineapple trees, gold on any kind of a tree and rice pudding be made of limburger cheese; for, according to the Kan sas City Star Uncle Sam has a plant wizard in the person of Herbert J. Webber. For quite a while he has been making new fruits and vegetables, and some of the things he has accomplished * are little short of miraculous. The other day he handed to the secre tary of agriculture an unfamiliar looking object, golden yellow, which he said represented the long sought cross between the tangerine orange and the grape fruit or pomelo. He called it the “tangelo,” and promised that before long it should be on our markets com mercially. Here was a fruit un thought of by nature and created ' purely and simply by human in genuity. The thornless black berry is an accomplished fact, having been produced recently at Benton Harbor, Maine, and the “pit” has been eliminated from a new and promising variety of plum. There seems to be scarcely a limit to the wonders which may be aooomplished in the line of ex perimentation in which Dr. Web ber and his fellow experts are en gaged. A Mr. Burbank, a Cali fornia plant breeder, has just an nounced the production of a new berry that is a cross between the raspberry and strawbeny—a de licious morsel which, as it melts on the tongue, conveys mingled suggestions of both of those fruits. ...8Y... H. J. B. *