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’T 6/>e MIRROR Published Weekly j jb) TT~ Minnesota. Stale Vol. XVII.—No. 17 mind on the mountain. Suddenly fallen In blue enchanted weather, like a sea at Its highest heave and farthest run, Blue beyond blue, asleep, in the wind and sun, The mountains! Here, with only our arms for tether, In the rose-heaped laurel and ankle-deep in the heather, With the wind on the mountain are we o’er a world at rest, The wind in your wild skirts binding us breast to brest, hair in my face as we cling to gether. Close in my arms! If now at the wind’s wild prime, If wej should be snatched on the wind’s wild wildest sweep, Snatched and whirled and blown as light as a feather, BQI away from our bride-bloomed summit of time, Ont and afar where the peaks of eternity sleep, We may vanish at least and fall at the last to gether. —Joseph Russell Taylor, In Scribner’s. The Philippines. AT no time in the history of this country has a crisis arisen but the administration has found itself embarrassed by a minority. The Philippine problem is no exception to this rule. This minor ity, small when compared to the entire population, comes trailing along be hind like the tail to a kite, loaded with objections but noticeably devoid of anything better to offer. The question is not whether the control of the Phil ippines is without evils. Evils can be found in all matters depending upon humau agencies as long as human na ture has its present weaknesses. The question i 6: Was not thefcourse pur sued by the McKinley administration and continued by the present adminis tration subject to less evils to all part ms concerned than any other course that could have been pursued ? After the battle of Manila Bay the government found itself practically in possession of the Thilippipe Islands. It was necessary to do one of two things, either to withdraw and leave the islands to the mercy of Spain and a continuance of her rule of cruelty and oppression, or to take control of them. There was no chance for the is lands to secure independence for them selves. The insurrection against Spain was ended July, 1897, upon the promise of Spain to inaugurate reforms, and the withdrawal of the leaders of the uprising, including Aguinaldo, to Hong-Kong in September of the same year. The insurrection was practically ever. Snch was the condition of things when war between the United States and Spain was declared. As soon as the leaders found Spain had her hands ; full with the United States the insurrec- j iion took on a new lease of life. The chiefs in Rong-Kong communicated with United States Consul Wildman at that place and offered to aid us against Spain, stating that they wished annex ation to the United States and relief from Spanish rule, but made no men tion of independence. Aguinaldo was brought back to the Philippines through the influence of Dewey. When the Spanish ships were destroyed and Manila Bay was in possession of Dew ey; the insurgents took heart and some small victories were won by Aguinal do and his followers. Aguinaldo then commenced making claims looking toward independence, forgetting the laet that but for the United States he and the other leaders would have still been in Hong-Kong. Let us look at the proposition that the United States Bhould turn over the is lands to the people, with absolute inde pendence, for a moment. There is nothing about the condition and char acteristics of the Filipinos that war rants the belief that they are capable of self-government. As shown by the census recently taken, the population •f the islands is about 6% millions. Of this number 650,000 are classified as belonging to the “wild tribes,” i. e., sav ages. These are divided into eighty different tribes. The savages will thus be seen to be about 10 per cent of the STILLWATER, MINNESOTA, THURSDAY, NOVEMBER 12, 1903. total population. This fact alone would make the chance of successful eelf-gov ernment very difficult, if not impossi ble. But what of the other 90 per cent of the population? If they were com posed of English, Americans or others whose nationality and temperament fit them for self-government the problem would not be so difficult. But a race of people ruled, or rather misruled, by Spain for years, suddenly thrown upon their own resources, could end in but one way—a series of dictatorships or anarchy. Regarding Aguinaldo and his actions, I have come to the conclu sion that he had in his mind at the time of his turning against the author ity of the United States the idea of a dictatorship for himself under the guise of securing independence for the islands. Take into consideration the condi tions and temperament of the people, there is absolutely no foundation upon which to base a belief in a capable self government. But suppose for the sake of argument we leave them to themselves, can anyone be insane enough to think that they would remain so? We must remember that the European countries are strictly in the real estate business. They are “it” when any new territory is in sight. Because of their geograph ical position and value, the islands would become their prey; they would be swallowed up for debt or some oth er excuse before the young republic was fairly started, as would have been the case in South America but for the Monroe Doctrine. We hear the claims, “violation of the Declaration of Independence” and “a government can receive its just powers only from the consent of the governed.” We can have no better authority upon the “consent of the governed” claim than the founders of this government. At the very beginning the Louisiana Purchase was made practically by signers of the Declaration of Independ ence. No one ever dreamed of holding an election, to find out whether the in habitants of the Louisiana Purchase Territory gave their consent or not. Again, we have Alaska added to our country without the consent of the in habitants, Such a proposition was never heard of until given birth in con nection with the Philippine question, at the same time the anti-imperialist mi crobe came into existence. Through the payment to Spain of $20,000,000 j and the war this country secured a title to the islands not only through con quest, but also by purchase. As against control by a foreign government with an uncertain future, depending much upon what country secured control, is independence, with its inevitable strug gles upon the part of the people against would-be dictators and against disorder, they have brought order out of chaos, linked with a strong govern ment aiding and assisting on every hand. While I have not the faith some peo ple have in our government, imagining it can make a few cents’ worth of sil ver equal a gold dollar, or buckwheat cakes legal tender simply by putting upon them its stamp of approval, I still believe this country through its representatives can and will handle the future of the Philippines to the entire satisfaction of the people of the islands as well as the people of America. The benefits to the islands, even at this early date, are not theoretical or imaginary. A vast system of improv ements, embracing sound currency, san itary regulations and a system of educa tion, looking toward moral, physical and financial advancement is in opera tion. The control of the Philippines marks the commencement of an epoch in the affairs of this country larger and broader than ever before. It will ne cessitate widening our previous nar row limits as a nation and making our influence felt throughout the civilized world. We will become, in fact, a world power, a position the mere mention of which has been a night mare to the anti-imperialists. It is the entering wedge toward securing a larger share of the vast trade of the “IT IS NEVER TOO LATE TO MEND.” Pacific, which will necessarily be car ried largely in our' ships. It will bring into existence a merchant ma rine ranking with that of any other country. It is possible that some time in the future the islands may bring about a partial solution of the race problem, through the colonization with government assistance, of the islands by Southern negroes. They are exactly adapted to the climate and the climate to them. I be lieve the time is not far distant when this matter will receive serious attention. Notwithstanding the oppo sition in some quarters, when we take into consideration the advantages to be derived both by the Filipinos and ourselves the action being taken toward them would seem to be the most logical and reasonable solution of the problem possible. G. J. New York’s Election. THOSE who judge the ideals of the voters of New York City by the puritanical standard of a New England village were surprised by the unexpected victory of Tammany. New York is a great cos mopolitan city filled with all classes, nationalities and conditions of men. Tammany has been successful in giv ing this diversified multitude the kind of government it wants. Whether Tammany’s methods of administering the affairs of New York are ideal and above criticism concerns none but the people of New York City. They have never complained a great deal about Tammany rule and have never endured any other for any great length of time. One thing is certain —New Yerk Is done with reform politicians, and their methods of making people good, whether they will or not. Perhaps the real factor in Tammany success is the fact that the great majority of voters in New York are among the poorer classes. The rich man who lives up town has no influence in a city elec tion. The voters in the crowded dis tricts are always on the side of Tam many. The reason for this is too obvi ous to mention. Pendennis. Silence—a deeper sea— Now suDders thee, Save from thefprlmal tone— Thy mother’s moan. Within her waves hadst thou No voice as now: A life of exile long Hath taught thee song. —John B. Tabb, in Scribner’s. An Autumn Homily. WHEN a man in or out of prison sighs and says he longs to lead a better life, I no longer suspect him of reckless or profligate practices. He has said it a good many times in my hear ing, for he and in pretty much the same position—find ourselves ad vancing ominously in years, and in creasingly attentive to the possibilities that remain for us in this life. At first I would reflect on what a mess he had made of it all, from beginning to end, al ways choosing the wrong thing, always a failure, always sinking a little lower; all his efforts incomplete. Then I would realize that his sigh and familiar exclamation are the genuine tokens of an aspiration which most of us share and which, while its vehemence varies according to seasons and circumstances, cannot long be altogether missing from the consciousness of any growing soul. I sympathize with my fellow penitent. No doubt you'do, too. Each of us whose spiritual state is at all healthy harbors a wholesome measure of chron ic dissatisfaction with his progress in grace. We should like to get on faster, to make fewer missteps, to be saintlier, less greedy, less bothered by recurring spasms of repentence over recurring incidents of misbehavior. We don’t grudge the repentence, bat we would the Shell gladly eliminate the misdeeds that ne- 1 ceseitate it. \ Most of us incline to the conviction A that we could lead a better life if we j had a better income and got it easier. , “Easy money has brought many a man j to hard labor.” We grudge the time ] and thought we have to devote to \ money-gettiug, or to spreading rather , a thin layer of funds over a large area , of expenditure. If we were richer j maybe we would have more time and inclination to be good. If the margin ] between our needs and our receipts ( were a little wider, we could practice , divers virtues of benevolence. If we ■ could live under such reasonable con- , ditions as we would choose, and be quit of sundry trials and annoyances that assail our tempers and strain our pa tience, surely we. should make out bet ter. If we had a better time we could lead a better life —that is what most of us are prone to think, and we are apt, ac cordingly, to try hard to have a better time, and to enlarge our means, if pos sible, to that end. So long as we make the end fit the means by legitimate practices and a conscious rectitude of purpose there will not be the ignomini ous failure that so many of us are now experiencing. We are told that in these days Amer icans are in greater haste to be rich than any people. Very likely. And probably it is partly because we are such an aspiring people, and because so many of us long to lead better lives. The reasoning that armies of us seem to follow is: “Be rich and you will be hap py; be happy and you will be good.” It is not altogether false reasoning. The eld sew that used to be in all the copy-books in school was, “Be virtuous and you will be happy.” Now, it is a poor saw that won’t cut both ways. We can’t lay down, “Be happy and you will be virtuous” as a sure rule, but still it is a fair corollary to the other more important propositions. Certain ly folk who are happy—truly happy— are more apt to be good, and have less excuse for not being good, than those who are wretched. Certainly, too, folk who have what they consider about enough to live on are more apt to be happy than those who have not. That you want to get rich means in these times hardly more than that you are civilized and have developed wants; and we certainly believe that we are warranted | in considering the civilized people in ,the world who keep wanting to grow | richer better people than the less civi ! lized peoples who have little regard for j money. The general impulse to make more money is defensible at least, espe cially when we consider tt»e cases of lazy persons who seem not to be doing their best in that line. All the same, when my fellow peni tent longs to lead a better life it does not merely mean that he wants to be C richer. Bread and such things are in s dispensable, but man does not live by i, bread only; and it isn’t the lack of f bread, nor even of automobiles and 3 steam-yachts, that you and I and our - fellows are conscious of when we have 3 these yearnings for betterment. They mean that we are tired of being con fessed and conscious sinners day in and day out, and should like to square our conduct with higher standards. We should like to be only aDout so sel fish as to save prudent persons the trouble of taking care of us; only about bo thrifty as to avoid having sound reasons to regret that we were not thiftier; only about so critical of our neighbors as is indispensable to the maintenance of a proper standard of righteousness; only nice enough as to our employments to secure our doing the sort of work suited to bring out the best we have in us. Perpetual self-seek ing, and self-coddling, and the avoid ance of all avoidable pains and duties ought to make us discontented, and they do. Part of oar time and strength we have need to devote to labors whereof the pay comes not in cash, nor in ordinary pleasures or advantages, but in satisfactions which are spiritual and benefit our souls. We all know that theoretically; but in practice we are very apt to overlook it. When we Tedus.l Sl.ooper year, In advance i tKMB.-j gi x Months 60centk have plenty of food and no appetite, we know that it will pay us better to work up an appetite than to seek a new species of tempting food; but when the conditions under which we live are reasonably good, and we have pleasures and privileges in fair quanti ty and are still restless, we don’t always recognize that what we need is not more enjoyments, but a better appetite for those we already command. It is conceivable that when the mil lennium comes everything will go right on the earth, and there will be nothing to bother about. But meantime, while there is much to bother about, I cannot think any one entirely fortunate who is not bothered in reasonable proportion to his powers. To have no anxieties, to be subject to no annoyances, to have no unwelcome duties, and no occasion for self-denial, is not by any means to be in a good case. Anyone finding him self in such a predicament is bound to go out and hunt up labors and troubles merely to make life worth living. Ev ery one of us is a wheel with cogs in it, meant to fit in with other cogged wheels —making a harmonious whole— and turn more or less laboriously and effectively in the great human machine. Either we fit ourselves into that ma chine and turn with the other wheels, or we go to the scrap pile. Let us ponder over this well, for it is the ne cessity of our circumstances, that each one of us must get himself into line and harmony with this system of things. Otherwise each one of us will find himself working at cross-purposes with the human machine.. Usefulness, success, satisfying fruition of all our work are possible only when our work is in harmony with the general sweep of human activities. Did you ever think why it is that crime cannot possibly be successful, no matter how able the criminal ? It is be cause the criminal is combatting every settled method of civilization. Every device of business becomes a detective; and the criminal’s operations are in con flict with the whole course of the daily life of eighty millions of our people—of all people. Let him take precautions ever so cunningly, the criminal finds his plans utterly irrational and is bound to run up against it sooner or later, when, if he be wise, he will mend his ways and consecrate himself to higher pur poses and become a useful member of society and an honor to himself and the world at large. There was a pris on warden who once announced that he had made a new consecration of himself to public duties. He was an honest and honored man, but not especially holy, and the public press de rided his consecration a good deal. But no doubt he had, on a somewhat larger scale, the same feeling that you and I have when we weigh our past efforts and review our progress, and disparag ing a little our daily course, sigh and long to lead a better life. I don’t know that there is any better way for us to mark the return of Thanksgiving than by taking out new consecrations for our own use. It is not necessary that we should do it dismally. Nothing that is dismal fits the Thanksgiving season. We should be determined to be as good humored as possible about everything, to accept cheerfully and kindly our share of life’s labors, to practice charity, avoiding evil and moving along on life’s highway with as little friction as possible. “Spite of all the sorrow, Spite of all the song, Mountain top or valley, Movin’ right along! “In the Icy winter Still a summer song, Any sort o’ weather Movin’ right along.” E. D. M. Indians Educating Whites. The Quapaws, of Indian Territory, a small tribe, to provide against illiteracy among their white lessees, established last year a public school system, and several schools were maintained for six months, attended by thirty-two In dian and 200 white children. The Qua paws paid 91,000 from their funds, but Che whites failed to pay their tax of one cent an acre from each white lessee and 91 per annum from each white laborer, and the schools had to be closed.—The Indians’ Friend.