OCR Interpretation


The mirror. (Stillwater, Minn.) 1894-1925, November 16, 1905, Image 4

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90060762/1905-11-16/ed-1/seq-4/

What is OCR?


Thumbnail for

MINNESOTA’S EARLY HISTORY.
fatter tinut H~f<ne ’I" Cli mtauqua Circle.
AT THE outnel I desire to say
that I Imve gleaned my facts
from a “History of Minneso
ta,'* written by Judge Charles
<3. Flandrau, who, I am told, re
sided in Minnesota through nearly
adt of this state’s political exist
* once and took part in nearly all of
chief events of her history.
“History,” some one has said,
"“is like India rubber, assuming
shapes iu different hands.”
Headers of history will, I believe,
admit the truth of this quotation.
’Conceding the right of historians
draw upon their imagination to
supplement their narratives, and
this in mind, the reviewer
las only to concentrate his mind
spon the historical facts —not the
xnanner of depicting them, nor the
specific language chosen. There
fore, I have eudeavored to touch
briefly upon the historical faots of
early history.
In reviewing this state’s history
sre become, so to speak, acquaint
<ed with those who endured the
hardships of pioneer life; hewed a
’Commonwealth out of a wilderness,
and left to their progeny the fruit
age of a grand conquest: the con
quest of a land where prior to
"their coming nothing flourished —
■4>nly as nature ordained. While
4he East, West and South were
being populated, the great North
west was slumbering. Her vast
were undreamed of. She
only awaited the coming of civi
lized men to yield up the products
•of the farm, the mine, the quarry,
the forest, and to establish com
merce. What a wonderful change
lias taken place in the Northwest
the last fifty years! Of
ifhe many states carved out of the
•wilderness, Minnesota stands fore
most. Therefore, it is commend
able for us to familiarize ourselves
with her history; the state that
?has so benevolently thrown around
tub the mantle of protection, cur
tailed our propensities to idly
meander along life’s pathway,
»nd provided us with shelter from
the storm.
A general supposition is that
ILouis Hennepin was the first
"white man to set foot in Minneso
ta; but this assumption is contra
dicted. and documentary evidence
sets forth the fact that two French
onen, Radison and Groselliers, ex
plored Minnesota as early as 1652.
They remained in the Northwest,
"visiting various tribes of Indians,
'jnntil 1684. About 1679 one Du
Xiuth arrived at Kathio, an Indian
town then located on the south
west side of Mille Lacs Lake.
From here he wrote to Frontenac,
who was at Montreal, and on July
2nd, 1679, Du Luth caused the
French arms to be planted at
Fathio. But as to the exploits of
these early comers there seems to
be no trace other than to claim
priority, which has been accred
ited to Hennepin. Hennepin and
two others left Peoria, Illinois, in
Feb. 1860. Reaching the junction
of the Illinois and Mississippi
they then ascended the Missis
sippi to Minnesota. Hennepin
visited the Indians, baptizing their
twbies, and collecting information.
"While in Minnesota he named the
Falls of St. Anthony. Upon his
Teturn to France he published an
account of his travels. He died
in France unregretted, owing to
bis having published a second edi
tion of his travels, which was con
sidered reprehensible.
In 1689 there arrived in Minne
sota one Louis Perot, who estab
lished a trading post at Lake
Pepin, the first trading post estab
lished in Minnesota, and took pos
session, in the name of the King
of France, of all the land inhab-
ited by the Dakota trib< s Six
years later (1695) another, trading
post was- established at the head
of Lake Pepin by one Le Sueur,
who explored part of Minnesota.
He took a party of Indians to
Montreal to impress them with
the importance of the French, and
after returning with them he built
a fort ou the St. Peter’s River
which he called L’ Hullier. Le
Sueur enjoyed the unenviable dis
tinction of being the first man to
supply the Indians with guns.
Le Sueur County was named after
him.
Prior to 1766 those who came to
Minnesota were French explorers
and priests. Their influence in
making Minnesota a great state
may be summed up in a few words.
They blazed a trail, named locali
ties, and spread the gospel among
the Indians.
Jonathan Carver, born in Con
necticut in 1732, was the first
Euglishman who came to Minne
sota. Carver was evidently of an
adventurous spirit. It is said that
his parents tried to make a doctor
out of him. But the study of
medicine was uncongenial to him
and he gave it up. He then
joined a Connecticut regiment and
took part in the French war. In
1763 France, in a treaty, ceded the
Northern Territory to England.
Carver then decided to explore the
Northwest. Leaving Boston in
1766 he proceeded to Mackinaw,
Mich., thence to Green Bay, then
down the Fox and Wisconsin
Rivers to the Mississippi. From
there he proceeded up the Missis
sippi to Lake Pepin, thence to
St. Paul where he found a cave in
what is known as Dayton’s Bluff.
This cave became his headquar
ters. He had various experiences
with the Indiaus, and claimed to
have received an instrument from
them conveying to him a large
tract of land. At his death his
heirs claimed the land. The com
missioner of the general land office
appointed Gen. Leavenworth to
investigate the claim, and as a re
sult the claim was rejected.
In 1805 the government sent
Lieut. Zebulon Montgomery Pike
with a party to explore Minnesota,
expel traders who were violating
the laws, make treaties with the
Indians, and procure a site for a
military post. A treaty was made
with the Dakota tribes in Septem
ber, 1805, which secured for the
government a large tract of land
for a military reservation. Two
thousand dollars was paid for the
land thus secured. However, it
was fourteen years later before the
government finally decided to
build a fort in Minnesota. The
reasons given were as follows:
“To cause the power of the
United States government to be
fully acknowledged by the Indians
and settlers of the Northwest; to
prevent Lord Selkirk, the Hudson
Bay Company and others from
establishing trading posts on
United States territory; to better
the conditions of the Indians, and
to develop the resources of the
country. ”
In 1820 a site was selected about
two miles north of the present site
of Fort Snelling and called “Fort
St. Anthony.” But in August of
the same year Colonel Joshua
Snelling changed the site to where
Fort Snelling now stands. The
fort was oalled Fort Snelling in
honor of the colonel. Tho inter
esting, time will not permit me to
delve into the history of Fort
Snelling. It has been for years
the protecting arm to the inhabi
tants of this state and many dis
tinguished persons have sojourned
there. In 1828 the first steamboat
(The Virginia) to ascend the Mis
sissippi River arrived, at Fori
Snelliug. About this time tlie
first sawmill was erected in th s
state and the lumber sawed whs
used in building the fort. About
the year 1835 George Catlin and
one Featherstonehaugh came to
Minnesota. The former was an
artist. He made Sketches of the
Indians, and published statements
about his adventures. The latter
made a geological survey of the
Minnesota Valley for the govern
ment. Returning to England he
wrote a book concerning his ex
periences in the Northwest, and
the people he met. I am told
that his book reflected unjustly
upon the people he met in Minne
sota.
In 1832 the government sent
Henry R. Schoolcroft with thirty
men to visit the Indians of the
Northwest and to make treaties
with them. While in Minnesota
this exploring party discovered
the source of the Mississippi. The
honor of the discovery has been
acoorded to Schoolcroft, while the
honor of naming the lake has been
accorded to Mr. Boutwell, a Latin
scholar, who was in Schoolcroft’s
party. In order to give the lake a
name which would indicate its
position as the source of the Mis
sissippi, Mr. Boutwell took two
Latin words, “Veritas,” meaning
truth, and “Caput,” meaning head.
He decapitated the word Veritas
leaving Itas; and curtailed the
word Caput leaving Ca, joining
the two he made the word Itasca,
thus the source of the Mississippi
derived its name.
Among the later explorers of this
state perhaps the most noted is
Mr. Jean N. Nicollet. He was an
astronomer and it is said that the
Indians were disappointed with
him. He had no presents for them
and spent a great portion of his
time looking through a tub at the
heavens. After exploring various
parts of this state he went to
Washington, D. C., and was com
missioned to make further explor
ations of the Northwest, with John
C. Freemont as his assistant.
They journeyed up the Missouri to
Fort Pierre, and from there as fpr
as Devil’s Lake. Nicollet made a
map of the country which, with
his astronomical observations, has
proved to be of great value. Like
Hennepin and Le Sueur, Nicollet
has been honored by having a
county in this state named after
him. I have briefly touched upon
the chief historical events of Min
nesota’s history prior to the Ter
ritorial period, which period I may
review at another time. E. D.
Muldoon’s Rem
gg iniscences.
There are momints in the career
av ivery man whin the opprissive
sinsation av conscience, pinytrat
in’ thru the soobjective mind,
cause him to remimber that at
laste wan time grane apple c; oo
sades an’ osculatin’ kisses wid
Katie wur joost as hilayriously
intoxyoatin’* as the convintional
ixtry dhry av today.
Yis, thim are plisant drames till
yez happin to recollict ye are the
sivinth hoosband av a naggin’ fay
male at home. Why, ’tiz enough
to ostracize a man’s silf-respict. I
spake from ixperience av frinds
an’ ricolliction av me own, in the
manetime convayin’ the gintle
imprission that I mesilf hov drilled
hooryzontal ziz zags betwane the
sidewalks av manny a road.
Ye see, whin artificial stimulints
inter the brain the prociss av
blindin’togither makes yer cray
nium top hivey; at the same time
mitamoorphosic hulloocinations
take posission av the eyebawls,
multiplyin’ an’ creatin’ objects
wid surprisin’ ingenooity. Plaze
SS, FRAQMENTS....
000000 i ▼
I | By Bill Nye, Jr.
Broadcloth does not always f-hi♦*l c 1 a narrovv-niinded person.
Baseball magnates are alreadv beginning to roll the ball for the
season of 1906.
Newport society belles recently attended a ball attired as farmer
girls. It must have been a novel scene indeed, as a gathering of this
kind at a full-dress function is something out of the ordinary.
It is said that hearing is more distinct in the right ear than in
the left. However, strike your best friend for a short loan and you
will find both his sound receivers in a state of serious weakness.
Merchandise to the value of $1,000,000 was imported to Egypt
from the United States last year —also, several consignments of
healthy missionaries.
A Missouri farmer is swelled up with pride due to his beard,
which measures over fourteen feet. “Shorty,” our local whisker am
putator, could reduce the swelling in much shorter time than a Kan
sas cyclone.
About the unhealthiest occupation a man can be engaged in now
adays is that of soliciting life insurance. We would much rather
work in a dynamite factory with a lighted cigarette in our mouth than
tackle the above job.
A South Dakota woman will apply for a position as umpire in the
Western league the coming season, she having successfully acted in a
similar position the season recently closed. That her official decisions
would stand unchallenged goes without saying.
A brute in human form doing a sprinting stunt with a howling
infant in his arms at two a. m., compelled his wife to get up and play
ragtime melodies on the piano. Cutting off the nose to spite the face
is clearly illustrated in this incident.
For want of patronage, a physician has committed suicide in
Readlyn, lowa. The coroner’s jury were perhaps hasty in reaching
the verdict which caused the tragic death. It is very likely the de
ceased accidentally drank some medicine he had prescribed for one of
bis patients.
A Guttenburg, lowa, man fishing for clams is responsible for the
story that he saw a sea-serpent fully two hundred feet long in the
Mississippi River. As a sequel to the above, his wife threatens to
bring suit on the parties who sold her hubby the “disturbance” which
caused his hallucination.
“Kid” McCoy has at last decided to quit the ring at an early date.
We infer by his statement that his mother-in-law, who has recently
been sojourning at his place of residence, has deoided to remain and
make it her permanent home.
don’t git confused if I suggist
that a short midytation will lit
yez recognize the symtons. The
phenomeny mannyfisted in this
stage approxymate in magnitood
to tillyscopes an’ saysickniss, de
pinds materially on the timpera
mintal affiny ties av the individjooal
his self. Fer instance, while some
can only see frogs on the wall par
per, others detict riptiles foor
miles long. But this en passant.
Sooffize to know that I hov amal
iorated beyant the alluremints av
timptation.
In the precaydin’ chapter, the
stoodint will observe, I spoke on
artificial agitation av the brain, its
cause an’ effict, accoompaynied be
fohotygraphic display. I may al
so add whin a cemint sidewalk
stands on its hind ligs, ’tiz caused
be a law av gravytation. The fol
lowin’ will deal wid personal re
trospiction av mesilf, hince liss
violince is preferrable do yez mind.
As I langwidly recline in the
bloo room av the shatoe me vision
is blurred be savnes av thim palmy
days befoor I waz civylized. Av
coorce, I wazn’t wild like a hay
then barbayrian, nayther did I ro
tate around society on me own
axis. Shure, I waz blackbawled
sivin times fer me lack av convin
tional decoorum. Ye see, I had
owchyopagic tmdincies to chaw me
finger nails, besides I talked wid
an awful brogue. Wance in a
momint av absint mindedniss I
bit a choonck out av me ingage
mint ring thinkin’ it waz me
thoomb. WudD’t that frost ye?
A recapitulation av me social
stroogles, howiver, might be afther
scandalizin’ some foor o’clock tay,
so ’tiz bist I close me faoe indifi
nitely. Years ago while stoomp
in’ the state fer a will known
candydate, I had the
misfoortune to land im Galvy; wan
av thim insignififycant spicks that
hilp to fill space in geographical
maps. Imagine, if yez can, a
labyrinth av cowpaths intersieted
here an’ there be wooden lamp
posts or gooseberry booshes as the
case may be, an’ ye hov a fine
birdseye view av Wawtawgy, dyin’
almost instantly I hov been tould.
Those an’ other thoughts flashed
thru me mind as I siparated the
majority av me imbonpoint from
a railroad tie. Ensconcin’ mesilf
in the daypo I passed the inter
mission betwane trains countin’
yillow davvgs an’ other light amuse
mints. Naturally, this incraysed
the perturbation av me mind till I
filt like the -sicond edition av a
socialistic tract. B’gorry, I waz
no more disgusted whin Mrs.
Grogan fill in a State Strate coal
hole knockin’ foor aces out av me
hand. E. E. H.
Judicial Verdict.
Judge—“ You are accused of
having beaten this person cruelly.”
The accused —“Well, I had to
beat him to make him do his
work. He is an idiot.”
Judge (severely)—“You should
remember that an idiot is a man
like you or me.” —Les Annales.
No jHelp For It.
Magistrate —“You say your ma
chine was beyond your control?”
Chauffeur —“Yes, your honor.
If I could have controlled it, the
cop wouldn’t have caught me.”—
New York Mail.
Garried Out.
Police Magistrate—“ With what
instrument or article did your wife
inflict these wounds on your face
and head?”
Michael—“Wid a motty, yer
anner.”
“A what?”
“A motty—wan o’ these frames
wid ‘Happy Be Our Home’ in it.”
—Cassoll’s.

xml | txt