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Thursday, January 24, 19«7. t>HISON OFFICIALS. BOARD OF CONTROL. S. W. I.EAVETT - - - Litchfield L. A. ROSING Cannon Falls P. M. RINGDAHL Crookston M. C. Cutter, Secretary REBIDENT OFFIOIALB. HENRY WOT.FER, M. C. COLLIGAN, Act. Dep. Warden J. BACKLAND, Act. Asst. Dep. Warden H. W. DAVIS, Clerk and Acct. Officer ROBERT M. COLES, - Steward B. J. MERRILL, MISS MARY McKINNEY, - Matron S. J. KENNEDY, Protestant Chaplain CHAS. CORCORAN, Oath. Chaplain PRIBON AGENT. J. Z. BARNCARD, - - - St. Paul TO INMATES. For the Information of new arrivals and all others desiring to send The Mirror to friends we wish to say that the privilege will be granted by com plying with the following rules: Write out your owu name and register num ber and send to this office with name and address of person to whom paper is to be sent. Each paper must be kept clean and folded in the same manner as it is when you receive it and placed in your door every Fridr.y night. All in mates are requested to comply with this order whether sending out a copy or not. CHURCH NOTICE. Service in the Prison Chapel at nine o’clock every Sunday morning. Pro testant and Catholic service every alternate Sunday. Rev. S. J. Ken nedy, and Rev. Fr. Corcoran chap lains. f LOCAL NEWS. Only six prisoners were in the third grade last Tuesday. This is a remarkable good showing for an institution of this kind. A very neat cabinet for filing records was made by the state carpenters and placed in the Warden’s office during the past week. Anyone finding the book “Con iston in his cell will confer a favor by leaving the same with the captain of the cellliouse marked to cell 118. The occupant of 335 would like to exchange the San Francisco Examiner for the Butte Miner, Denver Post, and Women’s Home Companion. One of our typos received a per mit to gr >w a beard one day last week. As yet he is undecided whether to grow the Kansas or Minnesota brand of whiskers. i> The chief engineer was seen on Main Street last Saturday survey ing and measuring the height of the buildings. He appeared to be chuck full of business, and we are at loss to imagine what object he has in view. The occupant of cell 520 would appreciate it very much if some inmate would send him the Hus ton, Texas, Semi-Weekly Post. He is from that section of the country and would like to see a paper from there. The following transfers were made during the past week: 23 to 48; 8 to hosp..; 261*t0 274; 80 to 261; 174 to 8; 67 to liosp.; 104 to 80; 434 to L 46 to 645; 645 to 146; 215 to 270; 112 to 8; 8 to 18; 18 to 8. Guard Raske was around test ing the bars on the cellhouse win d >ws ast Saturday. While in The Mirror office no one volun teered to show him the type ver min, as he is a first-class printer and made the acquaintance of these lime animals years ago. One of the inmates asked us to publish the following problem: In a collection containing twenty seven coins, each silver coin is worth as many cents as there are copper coins-; and each copper coin is worth as many cents as there are silver coins; and the whole w it,ll one jdollar. How many coins of each kind are there? The first load of ice was hauled into the icehouse last Saturday. It is of good quality and about eighteen inches thick. This is a trifle thiner than last year’s crop. For the benefit of the new ar rivals, we wish to say that the library slips are taken up by the night guards on the following evenings: On galleries one and two, Wednesday and Saturday. On number three gallery, Monday and Thursday. On number four, five and six galleries, Tuesday and Friday. The slips should be placed upon the crossbar of your door, on the nights designated, be fore the gong rings to retire. Mr. P. M. Ringdahl was ap pointed a member of the State Board of Control last Saturday by Governor Johnson, to succeed the late Judge Gould. Mr. Ringdahl is engaged in the marble business at Crookston and is a well-known business man of that city. For merly he was a member of the railway and warehouse commission, and has served his state in the up per house of the legislature. Mr. Ringdahl fills ont the unexpired term, and will be reappointed for the six-year term beginning next April. 3«dgc 0. B. Gould Dies The sad news that Judge O. B. -! Gould, chairman of the State 11 Board of Control, had died at the * Northwestern hospital a week ago 1 . last Wednesday, was received with considerable surprise by the ■: officials of this institution. Altho i Mr. Gould had not been in the i j best of health for some months,no one expected a fatal turn at this time. About two months ago Mr. Gould went to Michigau to take treat ment for rheumatism, as he had been suffering from this ailment ; for some time. While returning from there two weeks ago he slip ped from a street car in Detroit, I and had the misfortune to break his hip. Other complications set in and resulted in his death. Judge Gould was sixty-six years old at the time of his death. He was born in Eastern Canada of New England parentage, and came jto Minnesota in 1867, locating at Winona. Mr. Gould was well | known thrnout the state and held many positions of trust. In 1901, Gov. Van Sant appointed him a member of the State Board of ; Control, which position he was well qualified to fill in a creditable manner to the state. While in this responsible position his legal training as a jurist assisted him in discharging his duties with strict impartiality and in a business like manner. During the civil war Mr. Gould enlisted in the Fifty-fifth Ohio in fantry, and served with distinction thruout the war. When discharged in 1865, he held the rank of major. As a mark of esteem to the de parted public official, the House of Representatives passed the fol lowing resolution: “Whereas, It has pleased divine Providence to remove from this sphere to that of the realm beyond the grave Maj. O. B. Gould of Winona county, a member of the State Board of Control for many years, a member of the judicial bench of the southwestern portion of Minnesota, and for several terms a member of the legislature therefore be it Resolved, By the House of Representatives that in the death of Judge Gould the state has lost an honest and upright citizen, ever careful and watchful of the Interests of the state, a noble soldier and distinguished jurist and able legislator; be It further Resolved, That a copy of these resolutions be properly engrossed and forwarded to near rel atives of tbe deceased, and th it the speaker ap point a committee of nine to represent the House at the funeral.” The deceased is survived by his wife and three children. The fun eral was held last Saturday at Winona, his home town. It whs one of the largest held in that city for some time, as Mr. Gould was j hignl> respected and held in es- j teem by his fellow townsmen. The night fire department made a practice run one evening last week. They are quite fast, but not so fleet of foot as the day de partment. Altho the boys on the night crew are full of enthusiasm, they lack beef in order to keep the carts from hitting nothing but the high places. We have a new writer this week who will contribute to the column formerly used by E. W. M. He starts out very well. In his in troductory he modestly assures us “That our circulation will. not go down, neither will it go up.” We hope our inside readers will not be too severe in criticising his writ ings, but rather encourage than find fanlt. Criticism is well enough when well meant. Some years ago there was a chap who used to contribute about three or four columns every other week. The weeks his articles appeared he was lavish in his praise, but at other times he couldn’t find any thing worth reading. Of course such criticism provokes pity and is a good thing to measure a man by. Still, it would be more be coming to say nothing under such circumstances. €bape[seroice. The following is the program of the service Leid in the chapel, Sunday, January 20th, Father Corcoran officiating: March—“Priucess Pocahontas” Orchestra Hymn—“ All the Way My Savior Leads .Me” Congregation Scripture Father Corcoran Violin Solo—“ Serenade.” Schubert Bandmaster Burchard Prayer Father Corcoran and Congregation Gospel Reading Father Corcoran Sermon father Corcoran Hymn “Holy Is the Lord” Congregation Marcli “Polly Prim” Orchestra Chautauqua meeting. All members were present at the fortnightly meeting of the circle held on January 20. After the transaction of the usual routine business aud the distribution of the new studies, the following program was given: “The Management of Large Department Stores” Member of Class D Recitation Member of Class C “A Few Phases of the Fur Trade” Member of Class D Piano Solo —"Polish Dance No. 15”..Sharwencha Secretary "Woman Suffrage” Vice-President “The Art of Posing” Secretary The first paper dealt with the subject indicated by the title in an exhaustive and informative yet concise manner. The author com bines ease of delivery with well chosen language and his paperb are extremely pleasant to hear on ac count of the soothing tones of his voice. I owe an apology to tbe mem ber who gave the moving recita tion, or rather impersonation, which followed, inasmuch as I carelessly omitted to inquire the title. That does not prevent me, however, from expressing the cir cle s and my own personal thanks to the gentleman in question for liis excellent “act.” Much scorn was vented by the member who followed on those would-be trappers who fancy thev knowsomething about furs. There are perhaps few trades so little known as the fur trade and inside information is hence always wel come. When the Heliogram man rolled up his shirt-sleeves and started in to discuss the topic of female suffrage, Mrs. Nation grew pale and Susan B. Anthony got some j excellent physical culture turning |in her grave. It has been sus | pected, indeed, that the vice-presi dent, when a youth* had his bud ding affections blighted by some fair, but heartless, charmer and that he has ever since regarded the weaker sex with a prejudiced eye. The critic gave some useful ad vice to new members and found 1 muoh to praise and little to blame! in the entire program. J. C., Secretary. Prison Population. The population of the prison has been wavering around the 700 mark during the past week. There were six arrivals and fourteen dis charged on expiration of sentence. The population of the prison is 700, distributed as follows: First grade, 547, second grade, 147, and third grade 6. The last register numberis2oso. Marcus Aurelius. Of the many Roman emperors perhaps the least mentioned is Marcus Aurelius. Among them, from an intellectual standpoint, he is by far the greatest ruler since the reign of Romulus. He was born in the city of Rome 121 A. D. His original name was Marcus Annius Verus. Previous to his time Rome had many rulers who had made themselves famous, but it is impossible to name one of them whose learning, states manship, and virtues were equal to those of Marcus Aurelius. By birth he was considered a plebe ian; but from an intellectual standpoint he was considered the most gifted ruler that ever occu pied the throne. As an emperor, Marcus Aure lius is less known than any of his predecessors. Perhaps this is due to the fact that he did not partici pate in any great war; for his ideals wei'e not of war and con quest, but rather toward a peace ful and domestic life. It is as a thinker, a profound scholar, that the world holds his name in im perishable remembrance. Men of intellectual pursuits were his con stant friends; and his love for knowledge, especially such studies embracing mathematics, meta physics, music and poetry, was unbounded. He was not the author of as many books as were credited to some of his predeces sors, such as Plutarch, Herodotus, and Sophocles, or as some of our modern authors are credited with. His only legacy to posterity was “Meditations,” a compi'ation of thoughts written during the last two years of his life. O As a ruler, he combined firm ness with toleration, and in no sense was he a tyrant such as Sulla, or Marius, who caused the streets of Rome to become satu rated with the blood of its citi zens. Nor was he addicted to the vices which were so conspicuous during the reign of Tarquin the Proud. Nor did he dream of con quering the world and make it pay tribute to Roman supremacy. At all times he was calm and dig nified, traits which .he had ac quired from the school of stoics. His decisions were models of im partiality, and no Roman, no mat ter how humble he was, ever accused him of duplicity, or of betraying the rights of his country. Possessing supreme power, he used it with mildness, and rarely did he order his lictors to perform the duties of their office, and then only under extreme provocation. Altho be belonged to the school of stoics, he agreed with Plato that a live man was more profit able to the state than a dead one. Marcus Aurelius reigned over the haughty Romans for twenty years. When he died, his death was considered a national calam ity. It is said by historians that after his death he was deified, and for over a hundred years his image was included among the sacred household gods of the Romans. This is truly a remarkable tribute to pay to his memory, but he mer ited all the honors conferred upon his memory, for if there ever was a noble Roman, he was personi fied in the life of Marcus Aure lius. Y ■ Wise and Otherwise. * | a-Br c. a, y.he j Any one may reasonably con clude that he is making good if those who know him best like him most. A small boy, asked to define a friend says it is one who knowing all about you, still likes you. This* is one of the most satisfactory definitions 1 ever ran across. I am beginning to feel real “stuck up,” whatever that is. » Every time anything real good appears, unsigned, in The Mirror, I am asked if the authorshi-p can be charged to me. “Sunday Mus ings,” signed X, in a recent issue is a case in point. This tendency to conceit on my part reminds me of a little quib I ran across the other day. It was headed, “A Mean Insinuation.” “Very gratifying!” said a young and conceited novel ist. “A gentleman writes me that he took a copy of my last work to read during a railway journey, and as a result suddenly discovered he had gone twenty miles beyond his destination.” “Dear me,” commented the young author’B friend; “sleeping in trains is a bad habit!” One of the boys who works m my crew spoke of me theotherday as the “old man.” Had we been outside, he would at once have found himself in the storm center of a Dutch cyclone. I am only forty, and lam not old. No man of forty must think himself old, nor allow any other man to say he is. hile I have seen a good deal of the world, yet I am only getting ready to really live. So long as a man can grow he can be useful, and when any man, no matter what his age may be, ceases to grow there is no one at fault but him self. There cau be no question but that age is more a question of waning enthusiasm than of years. Look at Senator Morgan, is he old? Perhaps as we count in years, yes, but in enthusiasm and vigor of thought and action he is as active as a man of twenty, to which he adds the ripe judgment of the mature man—an ideal combina tion. While I am utterly unable to endorse the idea that Christian Science amounts to anything as a soul-saving means of grace, yet I am forced to admit that in a phys ical sense the mind does possess great influence over the body. Our bodily ailments, whether real or imaginary, cast a gloom over us that is difficult to dissipate, but if you love yourself .don’t allow it to encompass you; tight as you would fight a tangible deadly enemy; keep it at arm’s length, and try to make yourself good company for yourself; if you succeed in so do ing you will find that youaregood company for others. Grin once in awhile, and try to think of some thing funny as often as possible even tho your environment be one of grim, gray and forbidding walls. The best time to smile and joke is when you are up against it good and hard; when death even stares you in the face. Life at its worst is pleasant; the instinct of any manly man is to live, but after all why fear death? So far as we have thus far been informed we are called upon but once to die. It takes more real courage to live to die. Any fool can die. That is the easiest thing in the world; but there are many occa sions, and we all meet them, when it takes real bravery and determina tion to live. No sane man, excepting a coward, takes his own life, and the world is better off with the coward dead!