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Emm t»e Western Poets.
“Seen and Ye Stoll find ” Co a Boy. If for faults among your friends you look, My, boy when passing thru this life, You will dud them without doubt, Some rough old spots you 11 And, If you give and look for kindnesses, Your troubles will at times be rife, You will find them all about. To you they’ll not be kind. Of such texture human nature Is, A friendly word, a smile that s g ad Like an echo It gives back wlll be llke goldto yo “* The last word, whatever li may mean, And don’t forget that others, lad, And good sense may sometimes lack, Appreciate them, too. Like the minnow In the gentle brook, Tbe SUDBhlne in this world, my boy, Broken quite with pebbles thrown. You’ll find It scarce enough; But serenely smiling all the day, Qf course, you’ll get your share of joy, Where the sunbeams play alone. E>en tll o your path be rough. So It goes, this busy life of ours, But words and smiles when you are sad Seeking what we most desire, Will mean a lot to you; Win It, when we give It all away— So, don’t forget that others, lad, The love that lifts us higher. Appreciate them, too. —Mbs. E. E. Orcutt. —Denver Post. Sayings of Famous Men. Everybody likes and respects self-made men. It is a great dea better to be made in that way than not to be made at all. Holmes. Oue thorn of experience is worth a whole wilderness of warning —Lowell. It is by presence of mind in untried emergencies that the native metal of man is tested. —Lowell. Honest men esteem and value nothing so much in this world as a real friend. Such a one is as it were another self, to whom we im part our most secret thoughts, who partakes of our joy, and comforts us in our affliction; add to this, that his company is an everlasting pleasure to us. —Pilpay. The truth is always the strongest argument.— Sophocles, Silver aad gold are not the only coins; virtue too passes current all over the world. — Euripides. Alcibiades had a very handsome dog, that cost him seven thou sand drachmas; and he cut off his tail, “that,” said he, “the Atheni ans mayjhave this story to tell of me, and may concern them no further with me.”—Plutarch. O slavish man! will you not bear with your own brother, who has God for his Father, as being a son from the same stock, and of the same ’ But if you chanced to be placed in some superi or station,"will you presently set yourself up for a tyrant?— Epictetus. Let not others’s disobedience to Nature become an ill to you; for you were to be depressed and unhappy with others, but to be happy with them. And if any is unhappy, remember that he is so for himself; for God made all men to enjoy felicity and peace.— Epictetus. Mark how fleeting and paltry is the estate of man—yesterday in embryo, tomorrow a mummy of ashes. So for the hair’s-breadth of time assigned to thee live rationally, and part with life cheerfully, as drops the ripe olive, extolling the season that bore it and the tree that matured it.— Marcus Aurelius. Forward, as occasion offers. Never look round to see whether any shall note it. . . . Be satisfied with success in even the small ?st matter, and think that even such a result is no trifle.— Marcus Aurelius. The question was once put to him, how we ought to behave to .ur friends; and the answer he gave was, “As we should wish our friends to behave to us.”— Diogenes Laertius. When a man assumes a public trust, he should consider himgell as public property.— Jefferson. Our ancestors are very good kind of folks; but they are the lasi people I should choose to have a visiting acquaintance with.—Rich ard Brinsley Sheridan. In oliarity to all mankind, bearing no malice or ill-will to any human being, and even compassionating those who hold in bondage their fellow-men, not knowing what they do. — John Quincy Adams. It is very true that I have said that I considered Napoleon’s pres ence in the field to forty thousand men in the balance. This is a very loose way of talking, but the idea is a very different one from that of his presence at a battle being equal to a reinforcement of forty thou sand men. — Wellington. If you choose to represent the various parts in life by holes upon a table, of different shapes—some circular, some triangular, some square, some oblong—the persons acting these parts by bits of wood of similar shapes, we shall generally find that the triangular person has got into the square hole, the oblong into the triangular', and a square person has squeezed himself into the round hole. The officer and the office, the doer and the thing done, seldom fits so exactly that we can say they were almost made for each other.— Smith. The Handling and Training of Wild Animals. Paper Read Before the Cluutauqua Circle. ' , URINGr the seasons of 1902- || 03, I was engaged by the 11 management of the Carl Hagenbeck’s Trained Wild Animal Arena, to give the lecture before the performance and to in troduce the different features of the show before each act. The show at that time was playing one and two weeks’ engagements in the first-class theatres of this country. That was before the Hagenbeck management thought of going into the circus field of this country. That idea was brought to a head while the Hagenbeck show was exhibiting at the St. Louis World’s Fair. Before going deeper into the sub ject of this article it may be well for me to state that Carl Hagen beck controls the importation of wild animals. In fact he has a monopoly on the wild animal bus iness, furnishing directly or indi rectly all the large zoos and circuses thruout the world with animals. During the time I was connect ed with the Hagenbeck show, I became very friendly with the different trainers, and was an in terested spectator at their rehears als, and made it my business to be present when a pew animal was to be broken into one of the different acts. So I think I can safely tell you some of the meth ods the trainers use in breaking wild animals, as well as give you at second hand the ideas of such great animal trainers, as Herman Boger, the big German, who trained and performed the big group of mixed animals. In his troupe are Bengal tigers, polar bears, leopards, pumas, black panthers, (the only black panthers ever trained successfully) lions, etc. This act is conceded to be the greatest animal act in the world. It takes some studying to understand how this troupe of mixed species of wild animals per form in harmony such wonderful stunts as eating raw meat from* the trainer’s naked hand, while all are seated around a large table, and the meat stacked up high. Yet not one of these animals offers to touch that meat until the train er offers it to them. That is truly wonderful. Mr. Boger never whips his ani mals unless they do something pretty bad, and then, as he says, they get it good and plenty. He once told me the following when I asked him regarding an article in one of the leading magazines stating that a oertain young lady trainer never whipped her ani mals, but when they got bad, she simply threatened them with a Bteel bar such as all trainers of wild animals carry: “If they did not know what that steel bar oould do to them, and fear it, why should she threaten them with it?” Of course I knew what he referred to, as I had seen that steel bar brought into play on many occa sions, and the logic of Mr. Boger’s remark struck me as beiDg pretty good. He also told me that the very first thing the trainer has to do, is to subdue his animals, and next to let them know that you are the boss and not they. He al so claims that successful animal training is not a trade, but an en dowment from God. To illustrate, he said: “Go into some theatre, and see some player come on the stage, and before he has opened his mouth to speak, he has made what is commonly known as a hit. Why? Personal magnetism. And the more animal magnetism you are endowed with, the greater trainer you will make.” I suppose his meaning of animal magnetism, is magnetism appealing to the animal nature. Mr. Rubin Castins, the funny clown, who with his goats and dogs is a wonder, but quite a different person when you see him in the arena with his riding Bengal tiger and the elephant. Mr. C told me that when he mentioned break ing this wonderful act to Mr. Hagenbeck, that gentleman told him he was crazy, and said in his droll way: “Rubin, my boy, let me feel of your head; what in the world are you talking about to bring the two natural enemies of the jungle together, and make them live as well as perform in harmony! Impossible; it can’t be done!” Nevertheless it was done, and the aot today is one of the wonders of the amusement world. The public does not real ize while watching this wonderful performance that the long, whit© hood running from the elephant’s head to the pad on its back, con ceals from view hundreds of small nails, put there for the protection of the elephant, as the tiger very often will try to sink his teeth in to the elephant’s neck. Mr. C uses two tigers for this act working one at the after noon performance and the other at the evening performance. Mr. C claims that a trainer’s best protection is concentration. He says the oloser you concentrate your mind on the work, the better influence you have over the aui male; in other words, it is simply a case of mind over matter. But he says, on the^ other hand, relax that concentration, and your ani mal is aware of it iu one second. He olaims that it is then the trainer meets with the accidents we read of. Mr. Ghas. Judge, the little Eng lishman, who has the great troupe of' seals and sea lions, as well as the riding leopard and the horse, says that seals and sea lions are the easiest of all animals to train, and the wonderful stunts we see them perform on the stage, are only play for them. Mr. J says they are natural jugglers, and that they love tobacco smoke. And when you come to think it over that is about all they do on the stage. The trainer is respon sible for the success of the act. If he is slow and dead in his movements, so are his animals. On the other hand, if he is full of “ginger,” his animals are, too. It was fortunately my privilege to be present when Mr. J was breaking a new seal into his act. How long do you think he was in breaking that seal? Two days, that’s all. Mr. J told me that iiji breaking his other act, the rid ing leopard and the horse, eleven horses were killed before he could get one that would not show fear of the leopard. He would lead the horses into the steel arena and up to the pedestal on which the leop ard was sitting. If they became stampeded it was all day with them, they never got out of the arena alive. He told me that he was about to give up the idea, when he got his present horse, a beautiful cream-colored stallion. When he led him into the arena, Mr. J says that he went up to the leopard, sniffed at him a couple of times, and then stood as uncon cerned as tho he was in his stall in the stable. He also told me that it was a toss up as to which was the meanest, the leopard or the stallion. I know I would just as soon go into one of the cages as to go near that horse. lam will ing to bet that he is the meanest stallion alive, and that is saying a good deal. In fact the only being or thing the horse is afraid of is Mr. J , and as strange as it may seem, this gentleman does not weigh over one hundred and twenty pounds, but is all thegoods with animals. Mr. Boger claims that next to the tiger the polar bear is the hardest animal to train. He says that it not only takes longer for the polar bear to conceive the meaning the trainer wishes to impart, but when they do understand what is re quired of them, they uever forget it. He claims the polar bear is the only animal which does not give' warning of attack. He has no tail to wag and he always car ries his head down in a swinging manner, so that you can never tell when they are going to rush you as Mr. Boger puts it. Rex. A normal desire for wealth, hon ors, power, social preferment, etc., is a very admirable quality in ev ery one, and in fact is absolutely essential to every success of life. Nothing at all of any value can be wrought or accomplished by an unconcerned passivity, entirely destitute of either active sympa thy or active resistance. In a word, ambition is that incentive, that magnet, which by its unseen —and, might say almost unknown —force impels us to combative ness, or to occupy a stand of mor al resistance, whioh will give to us, or at least assist, the things which civilize. Custom and in Ambition. herent desire proclaims to be our legitimate and natural inheritance. Without fixed purposes, often, necessarily upheld by strenuous efforts and guided by a reasonable ambition, human progress would cease and our present glories and great achievements would rapidly decline into utter oblivion. Consider how indispensable a certain amount of ambition is to the fulfillment of the ordinary and every day requirements. Then, indeed, this must increase in pro portion to the magnitude of the undertaking we desire to promote. Like all other psychological qualities this one can, and may, by wise discretion and pure aims, be directed to the accomplishment of priceless service or lasting ben efits to individuals or nations. Or by the reverse of such discre tion and aims, its potency may be made a determing factor in ulti mate ruin and degradation. In the successful ending of all great endeavors this attribute has most invariably been accepted as a divine inspiration. Likewise where its conception and designs have been base or impure, and its attainment opposed to universal good, it has always been subjected to severe and just criticism from a fairly discerning and scrupulous public. • Witness the achievement of the pioneers of our own Amerioal Men who could not be contented to inertly abide in the old ruts of an unprogressive and almost stag nant civilization! But led by a sublime and almost holy ambition, amidst much toil and hardships and multiplied dangers, led the van of civilization into the hearts of the then, mighty wilderness. Generally speaking the ambiti ons man is one who 6eeks political power, believing it alone can add that luster to fame which cannot be obtained from any other source. How often when striving for this goal do they descend below the common virtues and thereby sully the very splendor they have sacri ficed so much to obtain. Such ambition as Caesar and Napoleon had, were partly if not wholly, especially in the case of * the latter, of that character which undisguisedly seeks personal ag grandizement. This quality, which is either debased or made noble by its very intent, perhaps, reached a higher altitude in Napoleon than ever in any other individual. And being exerted, solely, to grat ify a prodigious desire, wholly in excusable in an ordinary intellect, almost amounts to an unpardon able sin in such a genius; the more so when we reflect on the enormous number of lives he so ruthlessly sacrificed on that insane and inhuman altar. With Caesar we can afford to be, and I believe are, more lenient. Even his ambition great ly exfceeded the limit we are wont to attach to such a quality, we cannot but reflect fhe vast amount of good he did his countrymen by his wise and judicial policy of discipline and government. And after all was it not a false, if an honest, ambition that slew him? Brutus undoubtedly esteemed and even loved Caesar, but even he was, as he himself declared, will ing to sacrifice those affeotions to the welfare of his country. Thus it is with ambition, as with every other quality of our moral make up. By prudence, high ideals, and respect for the true principles of life, of whioh. our conscience never fail to en lighten us, we can live in obedi ence to the laws that be, in har mony with our fellow man, and attain that end for whioh we were created. Paul. # 1