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G 'he Mirror
Thi rsday, February 25, 19(»9. PRIBON OFFICIALS BOARD OF CONTROL. S. W. I.EAVETT - - - Litchfield L. A. ROSING ■*- Cannon Falls P. M. RINGDAL - Crookston J. D. Mills, Secretary RESIDENT OFFICIALS. HENRY WOLFER, - - - Warden M. C. COLLIGAN, Deputy Warden J.BACKLAND, Asst. Deputy Warden H. W. DAVIS, Clerk and Acct. Officer T. W. ALEXANDER, - - Steward B. MERRILL, - - - Physician MISS MARY McKINNEY, - Matron CHAS. CORCORAN, Cath. Chaplain C. E. BENSON, Protestant Chaplain PRIBON AGENT. J. 2. BARNCARD, - - - St. Paul TO IMKATBtI. For the information of new arrivals and all others desiring to send The Mirror to friends we wish to say that the privilege will be granted by complying with the following rules: Write your own name and register number and send to this office with name and address of person to whom paper is to be sent. Each paper must be kept clean and folded in the same manner as it is when you receive it and placed in your door ever Friday night. All inmates are requested to comply with this order whether sending out a copy or not. CHURCH NOTICE. Service in the Prison Chapel at nine o’clock every Sunday morning. Pro testant and Catholic service every alternate Sunday. Rev. C. E. Benson, and Rev. Fr. Corcoran chaplains. LOCAL NEWS. The Warden of the Nebraska state penitentiary was the guest of Warden Wolfer last Saturday. A German Lutheran service was held in the chapel last Sunday morning by Rev. Schafnilt of Stillwater. Another woman prisoner was added to Miss McKinney’s depart ment during the past week. There are now twelve inmates in the wo man’s ward. House Steward Anderson was absent a few days during the past week. Guard Westluud had charge of the cuisine department during the meantime. The occupant of cell 588 has lost a book entitled “A Little Brother of the Rich.” He will appreciate the kindness if the tinder will return it. The moving pictures by the Pink and Gray Shows of Stillwa ter made a fine bit among the old timers. This attraction is quite new to them and is a source of never-ending delight. Supplies for the present quar ter are now arriving at this insti tution. This keeps the boys in Steward Alexander’s department on the jump getting everything in the right place and checking each article. Another pattern maker was add ed to Supt. Downing’s department during the past week. There are now eight citizens working on the binders and mowers, getting things in first-class shape to begin oper ations for the coming season. Those two chaps who did the singing and dancing act deserved a bouquet. Webb and Zim also should have been presented with a potted chrysanthemum. Their act was the right thing in the right place, and it hit the right spot. Mrs. Clark, of Minneapolis, was a caller at the institution last Fri day interviewing several ofr the inmates. Mrs. Clark belongs to that noble band of women who are known as the prisoner’s friend, and who occasionally find time to bring a little sunshine into the lives of the men here. Four of the inmates were trans erred to the new prison daring the past week. The following transfers were during the past week: 138 to N. P.; 436 to N. P.; 661 to N. P.; 18 to N. P.; 617 to hosp. The first carload of twine to be oaded this season for shipment was made Taesday. From now on it is likely that the shipping season will be quite brisk. Mr. Ford did very well as an imitation preacher in the vaude ville performance. We will have to start a movement to send him to the Fiji Islands as a mission ary. Ris talent is being wasted here. Our local street commissioner has not very nihch to do on the main thoroughfare of the prison while it is covered with snow. Still he keeps it free from all rub bish and looking first class not withstanding. We learn that Usher Clapper ton is now taking part in the re hearsals of a play to be presented in Stillwater on St. Patrick’s Day. The piece is entitled “Sham us O’Brien,” and Mr. Clapperton says it will be one of the best shows ever given in the Auditorium. The following are the titles of the papers to be read at next Sun day’s meeting of the Chautauqua Circle: “The Philippine Islands,” “Cuba and the Lottery,” “The Value of a Technical Education,” “Comment a la Chop Suey,” and “Personal Factors of Greut Men.” On another page of this issue will be found an essay on the life of George Washington. The writer gives a concise but complete out line of the stirring events in the brilliant career of the Father of our Country. The article is time ly, and therefore we respectfully call our readers’ attention to it. The tonsorial artist in the front office has discovered a method whereby he can keep nicks out of his razor. Wonderful improve ment! If he can now avoid put ting nicks in the chin and upper lip of his patrons he will have ac complished something worthy of mention. The state prison bill, which car ries an appropriation of two mil lion two hundred and fifty thou sand dollars, has passed both houses of the legislature. The lawmakers of Washington Co. de serve credit for the expeditious manner in which they handled this measure. Our local painter is having a hard job of it to keep the roof clean of snow above The Mirror shop. Every time it snows and thaws the water comes in as if the roof above our shop was made of w T ire netting. We hope the paint er does not get discouraged, for the exercise will do him good. Mr. Binker has a beautiful rug in his guard stand that he takes considerable pride of, but the oth er day he came near losing it as the chief engineer thought it was a bundle of waste and tossed it onto the scrap heap. Mr. Binker now has his rug tacked down so as to prevent profane hands from destroying it. The first religious services were held in the new state prison Sun day at 9a. m. Rev. E. C. Teach out of the Methodist Episcopal church, officiating. About fifty prisoners gathered in the neat, airy dining room and gave the closest of attention to the sermon on “Happiness and the Religious Instinct.”—Stillwater Gazette. ttJasl)iitdton’s Birthday. The customary holiday privi leges were extended to the inmates on Washington’s Birthday. In the morning there was a vaude ville show in the chapel presented by home talent. The show was perhaps one of the best that the boys have taken part in. The singing was far above ihe aver age, aud the jokes, dancing and acting were all that could be de sired under the circumstances. Mr. Gnuine’s singing is deserving of special mention, as he possessts an exceptional good voice of rare tone and sweetness that is very pleasing. The opeuing and closing pieces of the performance consisted of moving pictures by the Pink and Grey Shows. The pictures thrown on the canvas were mostly of a comical nature and all were greatly enjoyed by the inmates. Warden Wolfer and a party of friends were present at the enter tainment, and we believe the visit ors were favorably impressed by by the show given by the inmates of this institution. After the exercises in the chapel were over the prisoners were given the customary holiday in the cell house corridors. In the afternoon the men were locked in their cells and each was permitted to write a special letter. Monday’s show marks the close of this season’s entertainment by the local mummers. The boys need not feel ashamed of their work for we feel sure that their efforts were appreciated by the in mates. During the past few weeks we have printed several articles about whales, and this week Sinbad tells what he knows about these fami liar pets. In the main all three writers appear to be well posted on this subject, and they only dif fer in regard to details. These articles are very instructive as few of us have had the good fortune to see whales in their native element. Regarding the ttlbale. In a recent number Mr. T. »J. W. wrote an excellent article about whales and whalers and stated that he had first-hand knowledge of the sea and all therein. Now I do not wish to dispute this point, but merely wish to say that I too know something about the sea and what it contains. My knowledge is not hearsay but practical, gain ed by years of experience; nor has it been gained from histories or novels. In the first place I believe it was not the New Bedford whalers who won the sea battles in 1812, but the Gloucester cod fishermen. Those timber davits mentioned by T. J. W. *were not strong enough to raise a whale out of the water to the deck. The blubber is not the fat lining the interior of the whale’s body, but lies just un der the skin or between the skin and body. It varies from twelve to eighteen inches in thickness. When I was at sea we did not cut the body up but stripped the blubber off, took its head and then allowed the carcass to sink. That is termed cutting in the whale. There is do blood or entrails on the deck of a whaler, and there is no bone in a whale to be saved ex cept that in his head. A whale is not chopped and cut to pieces. On the contrary, the blubber is taken off in a scientific manner. Great harpoons but it makes me sore to hear these landlubbers talk about cutting up whales. Why 1 have helped to cut up more whales than I have hair on my head, and lam not baldheaded either. We first made an incision thru the skin and then hooked on with a blook and tackle, this being fast- ened to the lower masthend about thirty fret high. As soon as the blabber is hooked the man sings out to the men at the windlass to heave away. Two men have long handle spades and they cut thru the skin and blubber about two feet wide. As the men heave on the tackle the whale revolves in the mooring chains and we cut off the blubber and let it swing in on deck. It is now cut and chopped to pieces. Whales do not blow water ex cept when they are eating. Then they blow the water out to allow them to swallow their food. At all other times when they blow it is nothing but hot air and vapor. When one is hunting the sperm whale in the torrid zoue on a calm day when the air is hotter than the whale’s breath, you can hear them blow two or three miles away. But you see no water or vapor. The man on the lookout has to locate the whale by the sound of ts blow. t When you are fast to a whale with the harpoon and get him played out so you can get close enough to lance him and strike a vital spot, he blows blood and a heap of it —and it is hot. That is all the blood you see abont a whale. Sometimes when the whale is dead he sinks and is lost. They put a buoy over him and in twelve or fifteen days they get him, but generally the whale is lost. The writer named the finback, humpback and sperm whales, but the right or arctic whale has two blow holes. Nature made him so that he could go under tLie ice. This is strictly an arctic whale. You will not find any whales with two blow holes in the antarctic, but you will find the humpback, bow head and finback in both the frig id and temperate zones. It is from these four whales that you get whalebone. The sperm whale contains no whalebone. Instead he has in his head ten or twelve barrels of oil which has but to be boiled to keep it from spoiling. It is pure spermatic oil. The rest of the oil from a sperni whale is like any other blubber oil. Old whalers say that he has this oil in his head to ballast him. The sperm whale is the only one that has teeth, fifteen on a side in the lower jaw. Eacii tooth will weigh six or seven pounds, and here is where those immense tim ber davits are used to raise the head of the whale after it is cut off. The other whale heads go thru the same process to get the whalebone. There are times when a whale is moored to the ship’s side and men are busy cutting in when he will sink. Then you have to slip the mooring chains or the weight of the whale w T ould capsize the ship and take all on board down to Davy Jones’ locker where all good sailors go to wait the final call. Sinbad. Chapel Service. The followiDg is the program fo the service held in the chapel, Sun day, Feb. 21st, Father Corcoran officiating: March —"Caroline” Orchestra Flower Sons —"Hearts and Flowers” Orchestra Hymn—‘ ‘Blessed Assurance’ ’ Congregation Scripture Father Corcoran Intermezzo —“A Bird of Paradise.” Matthews. .. Orchestra Prayer Father Corcoran and Congregation Gospel Reading Father Corcoran Sermon Father Corcoran Hymn—“ Nearer, My God to Thee” Congregation March —"The Great Divide” Orchestra mov. of Population. Total number of inmates 699 Received during week 2 Discharged during week 8 Number in First Grade 512 Number in Second Grade 184 Number in 'third Grade 3 Paroled 1 Last serial number 2642 Diverse Reflections V • BY ERID • 0 Blackened characters—Zini’s minstrels. Waiters here are plentiful—for reedom. The anxiety hours are those of useless worry. The “evil spirit” is mostly a con dition of the jtnind. When one has a bank account he may feel naturalized. The ideal life is conjured men tally but practical life leaves little time to attain the ideal. Those wdio would close public schools to foreign races are of the class which connives at mob law. Sympathetic public opinion oc casionally causes the rendering of verdicts inconsistent with statute laws. Some persons boast of their in dependence who would soon real ize their dependence should the cook become sick. Congressmen can soon breath easier as Teddy will leave the White House in March—then the “Outlook” may be better. A woman in Chicago, worth $5,- 000,000 recently secured a divorce on the ground of neglect—her for tune must have been “tied up.” When an office boy falls in love with the pretty stenographer, several years his senior, the cleri cal force smile —for no particular reason. Prohibitionists should oppose appointments of women us police officers and thereby prevent men from the temptation of being captuied by a woman. The man who proceeds by sys tem is seldom discouraged, lor fail ures teach him how to gradually perfect the system and persistauce begets success—while others won der at his luck. Others may praise Lincoln and Washington while I voice the sentiment that every President should be honored by declaring a holiday on the day they were born —after my release from here it would be immaterial. Currie Nation deserted a hus band in Kansas to carry oil her prohibition mission. As she is reported to be in museums receiv ing $lO9, or more a week it ap pears that her mission is appre ciated more across the pond than in America. But six years have rolled away since I paid my local expenses for a straight decade here. Since then several have arrived here to serve life sentences and have de parted. On one hand is the door of freedom, on the other hand the grave, between the two is existence. The stroke of a pen would open the first door, the snap of life’s thread the second, thus existence bears fate hoping to be changed to real life. The chef in the officers kitchen practices a code of conduct which may be summarized as followe: Get out of my way; keep moving; aint expecting any sympathy nor expressing any; take what you get; never mind relating troubles for we all have them; just pass on for duty demands alertness. Time, blessings of providence, charity of mankind, have apparently enabled the chef to realize how easy it is to live enjoy ably by just tending to one’s own business.