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~—n *hr- ■ .ivr-rf.." IdiUd Ana PmiliaMl by thS iwLtmmtjH <Bf Minnesota stst# .; ~i » - - - Satered at the postoffice at Stillw»tci, Minn., as second-class ■tall matter. A „• Contributions solicited troin all sources. Rejected manuscripts Will not be returned. THB MIRROR fs v t«saed everf at the following rates: One Year ------ * ' ttx Months - . . - .50 Three Months • 35 To inmates of all penal Institutions - - 50 c*s. pec year Address all communications to THB MIRROR, Stillwater. Minn. THB MIBBOR Is a weekly paper published In the Minnesota State Prison. It was founded 1b 1887 by ttie prisoners and Is edited and man aged by them. It alms to be a home newspaper; to encourage Moral and Intellectual Improvement among the prisoners; to acquaint the public with the true status of the prisoner 1 : "tO dlestenrtnate penological Information and to aid 1h dispelling that prejudice which has ever been the bar sinister to a fallen man’s self-redemption. The paper Is entirely dependent on the public for Its financial support. IT at any time there •hall Accrue a surplus of funds, the money wll be expended In the Interests of the prison library. TO INnATBS. For the information ®f new arrivals aa J all others desiring to send The Mirror to friends we wish to sav that the privilege will be granted by complying with the following rules: Write your own name and register number and send same to_Jhis office with name and address of person to whom paper is to be sent. Each paper must be kept clean and folded in the same manner in which it is received and placed in your door every Friday night. All inmates are requested to comply with this order whether sending out a copy or not. CHURCH NOTICE. Service in the Prison Chapel at nine o’clock every Sunday morning. Protestant and Catholic service every alternate Sunday. Rev. C. E. Benson and Rev. Fr. Corcoran chaplains. Che man UPbo Ulins. The man who wins is the man who works— The man who toils while the next man shirks; The man who stands in his deep distress * With his head held high in thedeadly press— Yes, he is the man who wins. The man who wins is the man who knows The value of pains and the worth of woes Who a lesson learns from the man who fails And a moral finds in his mournful wails; Yes, he is the man who wins. The man who wins is the man who stays In the unsought paths aDd the rocky ways, And perhaps, who lingers, now and then, To help some failures rise again. Yes, he is the man who wins. The man who wins is the man who hears The curse of the envious in his ears, But who goes his way with his head held high And passes the wrecks of the failures by— Ob, he is the man who wins. —Selection. EDITORIAL. “Nothing so becomes a man as modesty and hu- * mility,” goes a trite saying or something similar 1 thereto. The French people are called monkeys by the English speaking race which is stolid and solemn. The Latin races know manners, possess and practice 1 them. The Frenoli “receive” guests in their homes ( —the Americans “admit” them. Quite 1 a difference. ■ The Latin languages are liquid, beautiful and ' most expressive. For singing the Italian language 1 stands at the head of the list and after that come 9 the French linguism. The Spanish tongue or lan guage is also most beautiful in its softness and liquid ity. The Saxonsareagutteral people—speaking in the throat as it were—or from it. There are 2,500 dia lects in the German language and the Berlin Ger man is almost as musical to the ear as the Latin lan guages. The high German possesses mannerisms in consonance with the beauties of his language. The Americans and their British cousins are cold in speech and frigid in manners in comparison with the higher and middle classes of Southern Con tinental Europe. A bad trait of the average Ameri can is to thrust himself upon others, nolens volens or willy-nilly. The European of good taste will not do that. He first inquires whether or not it will be agreeable to receive him. No European will receive a visiting friend without previous notice. In Amer ica neighbors “drop in” on one another without invitation and very generally. That is oalled neigh borliness in this country, bat it is not good man ners. In everyday business life the American is most obtrnsive and in many instances “forces” himself up on others. When an obnoxious person crosses the mental horizon of one who has no desire to see him he is committing a breach of etiquette, but few Americans so regard it- They look upon the party protesting against each actions as a boor. However, such is not* the case. In this country it IB an axiom that “ugly names and ugly ftfcsß may always be found in publicplaces.” else may be said, it is indubitably trii'e that Europeans ire the politest and best polish ed people on earth. tJpon the granting of a request, no matter how insignificant, a Frenchman never fails to say, “merci, Monsieur,” (thank you, Mister,) amf a Spaniard is equally polite and prolific with Bis “grttfrios, Isfenor.” The American mumbles, “much obliged,” or snaps out a chopped-off ejaculation, “thabks.” It takes very little extra breath to say? “thank you,” and sounds much better. Another disagreeable trait of many Americans is the wearing of hats in their offices. This is es pecially true among American railroad men'—and is a bad habit. It superind uceS baldness and leads one to believe that those guilty of tbs breach of decency [do not “belong” to the business pi sees in which they are found. Eufopeau tradespeople bow upon receiving cus tomers ahd upon their departure. “Takes too much time to be so dammed polite,” brusquely snaps the average American, but it is a noticeable and indis putable fact that after an American business man has spent six months or a year abroad he returns home a more finished citizen in manners—and they are the best. No American girl is “finished” in etiquette un til after she has made a European tour and “brushed up against” the best society people of the old world. You may air and fumigate Americans as you will but the odor of money-grubbing in a harry clings to them still—until after they have been abroad and learned the utter futility of the slapdash haste of liv ing in a crude way. “Politeness costs nothing,” but it is a negligible quantity with ninetynine Americans out of a hun dred. An improvement in that direction will make Americans a better, prouder and nobler race of be ings. Whenever an Englishman is illegally incarcer ated in a foreign country or unjustly dealt with —a British warship is immediately despatched to the scene of trouble. The result is that an Englishman is safe anywhere. It is about time the United States followed the same excellent example. Too many Americans lose their lives in foreign countries on ac count of the leniency of Uncle Sam. Good thing hats are not worn here. The many encomiums of the press showered dpon The Mirror contributors would create havoc in regard to the nor mal sizes. The panegyrics of the press are deserved by the local contributors and their craniums do not swell very readily while in duraDce vile. It is a splendid thing, however, to have the good opinionsof the press in general. The Mirror is proud of all of its contributors. They are all good writers and have matriculated here. The writings of AnglicuS are especially clever, the wit of Heliograms is famous, the short stories of Si Jaskell and the Duke of Oxford are among the very best, while Erid’s philosophy is proverbial to say no thing of Mr. D. M., and other local poets and contrib utors. The United States is—(notice that “is”) —the fourth Catholic power in the world and is surpassed only by France, Austria and Italy in the number of votaries of the Church of Rome. During the Revo lutionary war there were less than three hundred Catholic families in this country. This is a marvel ous showing. It appears there are some good fellows in lim bo —judging by the amount of literature purchased by publishers from prisoners throughout the coun try. The quantity of prison-made literature sold to publishers is more than one unacquainted with the facts would imagine. Mr. Andrew Carnegie, has “given away” one hundred and sixty million dollars in round figures. Mr. John D. Rockefeller has “given away” one hun dred and fifteen million dollars. And yet some peo ple are never satisfied. Moving pictures may now be shown in broad daylight, by a new invention. Thus the mind oi man overcomes matter. Selfeducation is possible with all who have am bition. No one is ever too old to learn. Only tbirtyseven deaths from football during the season just closed. Fine business! Nobody seems to oare anything about discover ing the poor old South Pole. Woman Suffrage is growing rapidly in Conti nental Europe. Under t) • * . SSi AN Well, Iso9’s eaten up. Nor# lot 1910 and dome resolutions. It's rather difficult to Hod anything to off, ain’t it? Yea? No? No good saying this party’s going dry, t&> cigar bill is already reduced. A happy thought l ~V\ hy not swear off newspapers for a while? If only this advice were generally adopted, but hist l Bales of harder to handle than newspapers, One might swear off kioking. There’s an idea: In future, when Che Farm Journal and Dressmaking at Home, that I paid for with good money earned by the sw£at of my brow, are delivered to Mr. Jones, three doors up, I am going to keep silent about it. Chances are it was done on purpose of course, but that’s all right. Or why not swear off read ing Bertha M. Clay? The precious hours that we have wasted, whioh might have been spent in improv ing our minds by reading a little of Graustark or Shakespeare or some other of “them olddead clas sics,” like the young lady in a re cent magazine story. Another thing I’m going to swear off—playing skittles in my apartment nights. Mr. Heliogramß will be pleased to hear this—he lives underneath, in Pedagogue Row. And going to court, how about that? And ar guing and making bad excuses? And profane language and unneo esß ar y language and back-lan guage? Finally, why not swear off swearing off? So Dr. Cook’s “records” turn out to be worthless, according to the decision of the University of Co penhagen. The obvious inferenct is that the worthy explorer was mis taken when he imagined himseli at the North Pole. It was not really the North Pole but another place ot a similar appearance. At least that is the attitude that a harsh public may be expected to adopt Of course, these absurd prejudices, to quote onehalf of the press, wil> be set at naught when the full data of the intrepid etc. (to quote again) are brought back from Etab, where they are securely hidden in a cache, lest any jealous rivals should get hold of them. And all this unrea sonable doubt about the ascent of Mount McKinley will be triumph antly refuted when the full data concerning that ascent are recover ed from the summit of the moun tain. It will take time of course to assemble and six months to pre pare them. But meanwhile any suspicious that may be entertained should be allowed to rest. Dr. Cook has one great point in bis favor— he wears a beard. It is a pity that the Ohautauquas will turn him down, but there is always vaude ville. And what does a man want with millions, who has dared the utmost rigors of the frozen North? Why, put him in his underclothes in January in Main Street, Medicine Hat, and he will write hymns to the gentle zephyr that blows around those parts (parts, not pauts—you should be careful, Mr. Compositor.) A free lunch every other Friday ought to run rings around dog .and gumdrops as a steady diet. To fool all of the people some of the time was a laudable ambition. It is a pity that the graft won’t work twioe. The man who finds the South Pole will have to bring back a chip of it. Where be those brave hearts that censured Peary so se verely? How would you like it if you had accomplished the work which from boyhood you had aim ed at, only to find some other non descript individual butting in and claiming all the credit? The selection of the best paper read before the Chautauqua Circle during the past quarter was an in vidious task 1 . There were many excellent papers read, seine of then* He xisH. GLICUS. dashed off in a hurry, others the result of weeks of careful thought and preparation. To read an essay before' £ literary circle (al though to read well is TiQty but to write something suit able is diffi cuff. There are topiee in which very few are interested,, and there are topics in which every body is interested but which need very careful handling. The easiest paper to construct is that in which the writer takes a central figure or a central eventof history and writes around it. The defects in this kind of paper may be summed up in d word—unoriginality. When a writer, on the other hand, takes a. great essayist or a great poet, and! says something both new and true about him, he accomplishes some thing. Papers dealing with per sonal experience may be interests ing; but they are seldom valuable - . On the other hand, those which take a large subject of general in terest frequently suffer from lack of careful arrangement. Th» tendency is to dwell too much on details, thereby obscuring the larger view. It is also important to re*- member that there are many sub jects which cannot even be imper fectly covered within the space of a quarter of an hour. While the report of the committee on selec tion, printed on another page of this issue, may be said to have the writer’s concurrence, as is therein stated, that concurrence applies particularly to the selection of the best paper, and not to the individ ual markings or to the selection of other papers. “NoTof an age, but for all time,” is frequently said of writers, but it is a large boast. There are certain Greeks, Hebrews and Romans ta whom one is almost convince 4 that the description would apply. But literature itself—is that destined to continue for “all time?’* In one of H. G. Wells’ books, When the Sleeper Awakes, the weird proph ecy is made that in centuaies to come books themselves will be su perseded, that every use that the book now possesses will be fulfilled by a combination of mechanical powers. There is, on the surface, a great waste in reading and writ ing. Indispensable as they are at present, and as they will be for ever in most opinions, it is not dif ficult to conceive of a world in which .heir U6e might pass. The memory, for instance, might be developed by an entire revision of the system of education, so that everything that is now learnt by the printed word might be t&ught by a combi nation of speech and picture. The science of eugenics would help on this state of affairs, by leaving the unfit unborn, until we should be all bu per men. Or again, education might be transmitted to the brain automatically by the turn of a. wheel. But without indulging in wildspeculation.it is possible to see even at present that the in fluence and authority of books are not necessarily paramount in hu man affairs. Certainly it is next to impossible to attain to eminence or even to prominence without be ing able to write and read, but there are many respectable and worthy souls of whom this is about all that can be said. As far as mere finan cial success is concerned, an un obtrusive education is a handicap. A man can certainly be too highly, that is, too generally, educated to make a money-grubber of himself, to put his whole heart and sotil in to business. With the widened view comes division of interest, and division means that the great prin ciple of specialization, which is at the core of all financial success, is violated. With the development of industry comes an opportunity for a further clads of slightly educated men. This was a ohahce which was lacking to those who livetjfa century ago. It is trie' that thofe was always skilled labor; but there | wad by no flteank so much of if.