Newspaper Page Text
Entered at the postoffice at Stillwater. Minnesota, as second-class mail matter. The Mirror is issued every Thursday at the following rates: One Year - Six Months... 5® Three Months To inmates of all penal institutions per year 50 Address all communications to The Mirror, Stillwater. Minn. The Mirror is a weekly paper published in the Minnesota State Prison. It was founded in 1887 by the prisoners and is edited and managed by them. It aims to be a home newspaper; to encourage moral and intellectual improvement among the prisoners; to acquaint the public with the true status of the prisoner; to disseminate peno logical information and to aid in dispelling that prejudice which has ever been the bar sinister to a fallen man's self-redemption. Each inmate is accorded the privilege of sending one paper home, or to friends free of charge. To do this you should write your own name and register number and the name and address of the person you wish to send the paper to, and hand same to your officer. If you desire to send more than one paper, each additional copy will be charged for at the rate of SO cents a year.—The paper delivered to your cell each week must be kept clean, and should be folded in the same manner as you receive it, placing it in your cell door on Friday night. EDITORIAL MISS CAREY’S REPORT TO THE STATE BOARD OF CONTROL In our last week’s issue of the Mirror we printed an extract from the report of Miss Miriam E. Carey, supervisor of institutional libraries, to the State Board of Control for the biennial period ending July 31, 1914, wherein we read that Miss Carey heartily endorsed and approved the movies which, some months ago, were introduced in the different institutions throughout the state. There can be no question about the movies be ing one form of amusement, here in this institu tion. having the hearty appreciation of all, both officers and inmates. We do not know of any other form of amusement that would have the educational effect on all the inmates as the movies seem to have. And we have no hesitancy in agree ing with Miss Carey when she says: “Moving pictures in shut-in places have brought more hap piness than any other invention.” Miss Carey in her report says that the inmates of the state institutions do three times as much reading as those of the outside world. The follow ing statistics will give you something interesting to think about: — The people to whom books mean the most are not the happy, prosperous people. They are the poor, the lonely, and the unfortunate. Many of these are living in the state institutions and are taking out books and magazines from the fourteen different libraries which may* be found there. These folks read 314,618 books and periodicals from August 1, 1912, to July 31, 1914. That means an annual circulation of 157,308. How much did they read in Mankato, St. Cloud and Virginia in the year 1912? These three li braries together circulated 120,899. Why is it that more reading is done “within the walls” than outside? One reason is that part of every day is spent by almost everybody shut in from the more active duties of life. What is the easiest way to pass the time when one is shut in? Why, in reading, of course. We all do it and so do the in mates of the state institutions, only they do three times as much of it as we do. Books have a real value which is not affected by any outward circumstance. They are just as good in one as another. That makes them indis pensable in institutions where the intrinsic value of a thing must be considered. There are a few other things in the world be sides books which are unchanged in value by out ward conditions. One of these is music. How about music in institutions? Be sure it has not been overlooked. In the several hospitals you will find pianos in many of the wards, and the majori ty of the institutions have bands, orchestras and choirs. Have you ever heard the feeble-minded children sing? Or the prison band play? Or the girls’ choir at Sauk Centre chant? All this helps out wonderfully, but best of all, perhaps, of late years we have phonographs and victrolas to pene trate to the very remotest corner of the biggest building —not too big to be carried around, and not too delicate to be handled. For four or five years moving pictures have been in occasional use on holidays and at other special times in several of the state inttitutions, but within two years eight of these have decided to add the movies to their permanent equipment. The pictures are shown at intervals ranging from two «r three times a week, as at the Rochester State Hospital for the Insane, to several times a year at the School for the Deaf in Faribault. The St. Peter Hospital for the Insane has a plan for sixteen or twenty shows during eight or nine months of the year. The Boys’ Training School at Red Wing uses them every ten days, and the State Reformatory at St. Cloud twice a month, and twice a week at Stillwater. The pleasures the moving pictures afford the whole population of an institution cannot be over estimated. Officers, employes and inmates are highly entertained, refreshed and given something different to think about. The following are some of the comments or. this phase of the subject: “It is the best amusement that we have ever attempted in our institution, and brings out from 50 to 60 per cent of our patients. We think the results are beneficial. As compared with dances, we find the moving pictures reach a much greater number of patients.” —Dr. Kilbourne, Superinten dent Rochester State Hospital for the Insane. “These entertainments are more popular than NOTICE TO INMATES: anything else we have for our children.”—Dr. Tate, Superintendent School for the Deaf. “The patients enjoy the dances very much, but these get a little monotonous toward the end of the year, so I think they would really get more pleas ure the year round from moving pictures.”—Dr. Welch, Superintendent Fergus Falls State Hospi tal for the Insane. “All inmates and a large part of the employes attend these shows. All of the pictures are en joyed.”—Superintendent Fulton State Training School for Boys. At the State Frison practically all the popula tion attend the shows, which “seem to be as popu lar as, if not more popular than, any other form of entertainment we have provided, unless possibly the annual Thanksgiving show given by a theatri cal troupe from St. Paul.” Books and periodicals, moving pictures, phono graphs and victrolas —these and other means of recreation and uplift are in use in all of the Min nesota institutions, in varying degrees. Without these additions to the scheme of things the routine of life would lack some of the factors essential to complete success. “BILLY’S ROSE’’ By A. Nobody Surely the Mirror is forging ahead and giving us a moral tone; and most surely its editor is the right man in the right place, else we should not have gotten the rare treat given to us *by the re printing of “Billy’s Rose.” We need not have been told that a young lady wrote this wonderful bit of verse. No man could catch or hold the tenderness contained therein. Little Nellie had the faith that removes mountains, and the one who gave her birth showed us quite plainly that there is but a step between pain and God. Yes, indeed, it “came to us like a breath of country air”; like the scent of a summer field at dawn, because a common occurrence had been robed in purple. What a vivid picture of disappointment were the lines showing Nellie hunting for a rose among frozen fields! What a beautiful setting: “Nellie knelt to pray” to teach us that even that little for lorn bit of humanity had not lost the finest thing in the world —Faith; faith that a God to whom she knelt would answer her prayer. There is nothing to be ashamed of if we hold an illusion or two; so when Nellie said: “Thank you, Saviour,” we, too, believed that God got busy and handed that maiden a token of His watchfulness. The climax is beauty itself —we should like to have written it: “Billy’s dead and gone to glory—so is Billy’s sister Nell; Am I bold to say this happened in a land where angels dwell? That the children met in heaven, after all their earthly woes, And that Nellie kissed her brother, saying, Billy, here’s your rose!” The flower beauties of the lyric world are in full blossom in that last stanza; the whole poem is honey-sweet with fragrances of a clean long ago day. . The simple beauty of the poem will claim the attention of all who love the highest and best, and it will grow yellow with age in many a scrap-book. The Duluth Herald and the Mirror has done its readers a real service by putting such a forceful message —Billy’s Rose —into their hearts. We have benefited by it and should like to see more by the same author. MORE MEMBERS FOR THE CHAUTAUQUA We wish more of the inmates would join the Chautauqua circle. The meetings are held every two weeks, on Sunday afternoon,, in the school room. The work is both educational and highly instructive. The least we can say for the Chau tauqua is that it is one of the educational features of the prison. Chautauqua work on the outside world is not any more successful in its way than our prison Chautauqua is successful in its way here. Many of the interesting and instructive papers read before the circle, have been reprinted from the Mirror in numerous papers which we get on exchange. Surely, this speaks well for the work which is being done by our Chautauqua. But, we need more members in order to be more successful. We wish to make this year the “banner year” of Chautauqua work in the his tory of the institution. Do not be averse to join ing because you do net happen to be a college graduate; ideas intelligently penned on paper is the only requisite- The president of the circle will gladly assist you if you need assistance. Think the matter over seriously and, should you conclude to join the Chautauqua circle, make a re quest addressed to “The President of the Chautau qua Circle/’ sign your full name and register number and give the same to your officer who will see that it is delivered. All applications will have careful attention. PROTECTIVE TARIFF Chautauqua Paper By J. M. The question we are about to take up for discus sion at this meeting is a momentous topic and I feel safe in saying one that has been debated pro and con as far back as the mind of man runeth and one that will be arged, with much heat and conviction on both sides, as long as there is a government on earth. I want it clearly understood by everyone who may hear my argument or read it, that any remarks from the speaker does not reflect upon the present administration and especially upon oar noble chief executive, who we all must admit is a most capable man and a giant of intelligence. Let us follow the example of one of our noble diplomats when he said m congress, “quarrel with principles and not with men.” I think it especially important, in dealing with a subject of this kind, that we bear in mind, and whatever difference of opinion there may be with reference to the merits or demerits of the tariff, we should discuss it from the standpoint of principle rather lhan of personalities. I do not wish to burden you, fellow members, with a prolonged argument of the varied schedules that might 4>e brought to light on this question, but would rather devote the inadequate time allotted me in a discussion of the effect of protective tariff upon that class of our American citizenship, the bone and sinew, I might say, of our body politic—the Ameri can laborer. Whenever the question of tariff is raised the general public jumps to the conclusion that it is simply a tight between the two great political part ies, republican and democratic. The former for tar iff and the latter for free trade; but allow me to say that although we occasionally find a free trader within the ranks of the democratic party, the rank and file of the party do not favor the doctrine of free trade. There never has been a platform of a national convention, since the organization of the democratic party, that has advocated free trade theories. There never has been a tariff bill enacted into law by the democratic party, that has not fa vored the doctrine of tariff for revenue as opposed to a tariff levied along free trade lines, such as the revenue of Great Britain, Therefore the true dis tinction between the two great parties of this Coun try, to my mind, is the difference between a pro hibitive tariff and competive tariff. I am in favor of prohibitive tariff that will give us those banner days of commercial supremacy which the United States enjoyed following the passage of the Dingley tariff bill which brought great blessings and remained in full force and with undiminished powers until the unavoidable panic of Pres. Roose velt’s reign, the blighting ravages of which were so speedily and effectively checked by the wise, sane, businesslike and apparently providential action of the administration in power at that time. I am in favor of protection because I want to hear the hum of the wheels of American industry. I want to smell the smoke of commercial activity. I want to hear the rumbling of factory and mill, I w r ant to know that away down in the bowels of the earth amid the grime and smoke and dirt and dust, there will be found the light-hearted, well paid, con tented American wage earner that is to be found in more favorable employment, and with less arduous duties to perform. I want the American laboring man to be the best paid, the best clad and the most contented of his class that can be found anywhere upon the face of the earth. He has received under protective tariff from two to five times as much in exchange for his hire as is received by any like person in this broad universe and he has been receiving this high wage since the adoption of the Dingley tariff bill. The laboring man who remembers the doleful years from 1893 to 1897 needs no argument to con vince him that the policy of protection is, when compared with the system which made those days a curse to the American manhood and womanhood, the most blessed and the most beneficent system ever adopted by man for the benefit of his kind. The enemies of the protective tariff, fill the air with bitter vindictive and partisan rant because a tax is levied on the breakfast table necessities such as lea and coffee. I will not say that lam in favor of tariff on tea and coffee but I want to call atten tion to the indisputable fact that there was not a laboring man in this country from 1893 to 1897 who w r ould not have been willing to pay five times the price he now pays for a cup of good coffee or tea in exchange for the privilege of receiving employment at half the wage he now receives. It was not a mat ter of cost of coffee and tea in those days but a mat ter of bread and butter and the wherewithal to pur chase them. I believe in protection because it affords greater opportunities to all classes of our citizenship than a free trade or tariff for revenue system can possibly give. There has never been a time in this country from its very foundation to the present time, when a tariff for revenue policy was in existence that the country did not suffer a commercial paralysis; and there never was a time following the adoption of a pro tective system that the country did not under its stimulating and invigorating effect take on a new and increased activity. There are other good reasons why I am a protec tionalist but I am particularly wedded to the system because of the protection it affords the wage earner. I do not want to live to see the day when the American workingman will be forced to accept the low wage scale of the foreign free-trade nations. If there be those here who think there is no substantial difference between the wages received by our labor ers and the wages received by foreign laborers, I would respectfully invite their careful inspection of the following comparison of wages in this country and the wages paid in free-trade Europe. U. S. England Germany France Belgium H. D. H. D. H. D. H. D. H. D. Bricklayers—. $ .55 $4.40 $.21 SI.OB $.13 $1.04 s.is $1.04 S.OB $.04 Stonecutters.. .42 330 .20 1.00 .12 .90 .14 1.12 .07 .50 Stonemasons.. .40 3.08 .21 1.08 .13- 1.04 .14 1.12 .08 .04 Hodcarriers— .29 2.3* .13 1.04 .08 .04 .10 .80 Carpenters SO 2.88 .20 1.00 .13 1.04 .15 1.20 .07 .50 Painters 35 2.80 .18 1.44 .12 .90 .13 1.04 .07 .50 Plumbers 44 3.52 .20 1.00 .11 .88 .15 1.20 .08 .04 Machinists 27 2.10 .17 1.30 .18 1.04 .13 1.04 Laborers 17 1.80 .10 .80 .08 .04 .10 .80 .05 .40 (NOTE) H. and D. indicate wage per hour and day. If tbe above table ia correct, and it is correct, and if the protective tariff system is responsible for the great difference in wages received by onr wage earners and those received by our wage-earners of Europe, and it certainly is so responsible, then it is beyond me to understand how it is possible for any man who is compelled to earn his bread by toil to so forget his own interests as to want to change the protective system. The American laborer is better educated than his foreign brother. He has better opportunities for acquiring information concerning public affairs than is afforded abroad. He knows the value of the franchise and knows how to exer cise and can be counted upon to do the right and in telligent thing when it comes time to the protecting tbe protection which protects him. The way to keep America prosperous is to keep the American workmen employed. To do this we must prevent Europe from taking the American market. You can not employ men in European factories to make goods for American consumption without thiowing American workmen out of em ployment. What advantage do we gain by being able to buy foreign made goods cheap if to do so we are first compelled to shut off our forge and loom? What would it profit us to have Europe take our market while we are seeking theirs? The American market stands supreme of all the markets of the world. It amounts to twenty-seven billion dollars per annum, while the export trade of the world, in cluding the United States, amounts to but twelve billions annually. Do we want to give up the home market and take a chance on the foreign market? I hope not. It does not appeal to me as a wise proposition. My plan is to keep the American workman em ployed, pay him good wages, keep him happy, make it possible for him to buy goods made by his fellow citizens, make the tariff sufficient to pro tect the American workman, but not so high as to cause an inflation of prices, to be exact, I should like to see the tariff just enuf to make the differ ence in cost of production at home and abroad so that our own workmen can find employment in making goods for home consumption, hold the home market, and thus maintain the high standard of wages and living. In conclusion I wish to say that if protective tariff has done all these things I have claimed for it, and there can be no doubt of that as we have learned from past experience, I say it protective tariff has given our workman the great advantage he has, if protective tariff has caused us to be so justly proud of our commercial standing, if protective tariff has placed our market as the standard for the aim of the entire world, then if it has done all this, I say let us forget party affiliations and stand by that which has made us a properous people and envied by all peoples. I stated at the beginning that the tariff ques tion has been discussed from the formation of our government, in season and out of season, down to the present good hour, and I will wager that when Time rolls his scroll into eternity and Gabriel blows his horn the gentlemen then representing or mis representing the standard of protective tariff, even tho it then be too late will cry out: Protection! Protection! Protection! NO KICKERS THERE I hope to go to the realms above, When I lie down to die; I hope that choirs all clad in white Will greet my wandering eye. I know that I’ll be filled with joy. In regions free from care, For angels tell me in my sleep There are no kickers there; Though rugged be the jasper pave, No soul will dare complain; Though sunlight shines the ages through. No spirits call for rain. Though crowns be half a size too small, No seraphs tear their hair, And all is joy above For there are no kickers there, The music may be out of tune, No one will hold his ears; • The robes may not be tailor made, There’ll be no moans nor tears; The sandals may be often worn. None ask a better pair. For glory to the Lord of Hosts! There are no kickers there. And when the celestial council Call for paving on the street, The man who gets the contract May walk onward swift and tieet; No spirit will injunction bring, Or cranks or croakers swear; The realms above are free from chumps, There are no kickers there. Then take me from this vale of tears. Where cranks come to the front. Where men who never work or toil Still lie around and grunt; I long to wear celestial robes And climb the golden stair, For well I know that in those lands There are no kickers there." —Selected. Our reliable Beau Esprita has decided to fill the ‘ Rumination Column” while 11. S. Me. D, takes a much needed and well deserved rest. H, S, Me. D. will not, however discontinue writ* ing for the family sheet We welcome Beau to this column and hope he has as much success as our faithful Mac has had.