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C. E. Vasaly, - - - Little Falls C. J. Swendsen, - - St. James Ralph W. Wheelock, - - Minneapolis Downer Mullen, Secretary. C. E. Vasaly, Chairman. C. S. Reed, Secretary. H. K. W. Scott. Hraiitrnt Officials C. S. Reed Warden J. J. Sullivan Deputy Warden J. Backland Ist Asst. Deputy Warden John Whelan. 2nd Asst. Deputy Warden J. A. Humphreys Steward G. A. Newman Physician F. A. Whittier State Parole Agent Miss Mary McKinney Matron C. E. Benson Protestant Chaplain Chas. Corcoran. Catholic Chaplain MIRRORETTES April the First. Fools day. Hot Cross Buns on the morrow, ip Warden Reed, accompanied by friends, paid the Mirror office a short visit Friday the 2oth. “San ’Frisco’*, our poney-press man, has been transferred to Shop A. where he is learning the art of hemp and sisal twist ing. Former occupant of 107 has moved to 77-B, and would like to have his friends direct their papers and periodicals accord ingly. The “movies” have been just splendid of late, with many laughs and many, many morals we should all heed, and always a great big hours worth. When people persist in spelling “their” t-h-i-e-r, and “until” with two l’s, can you blame a busy Editor for banging desk drawers and grumbling? Our exchange table man is utilizing his spare moments in acquiring a knowledge of job press work. All he will need is a Union Card on his day of liberation. Big Chief says, “Only fifteen more days and we'll be plantin' crops on our South Dakota farmstead.” We wish we could go along and help plough, Chief! We understand that a ribbon shrouded box of assorted chocolates was received by Mr. , in the front office early this morning. We hope he didn’t bite. Deputy Warden Sullivan escorted a par ty of personal friends throughout the pris on departments last Monday, paying the humble sanctum sanctorium a visit en route. Mr. Rosing, of the front office force, was acting as prison usher last Tuesday in place of the prison Usher-in-chief, Mr. Brennen, whose time was denoted to other duties. Situation Wanted —An experienced first baseman of three years standing on Twin City commercial teams would like to sign on a local team for the coming season. For imformation consult Editor. • The latest information from Henry Wolfer, who is ill with typhoid fever at St. Petersburg, Florida, is that it is be lieved the crisis has passed and that his chances for recovery are very good. A new man was added to the Mirror staff last week; he is big and hearty, and willingly willing to learn the nimble art of “stick handling' ’, having experience along other lines of newspaper work before his retirement. Catholic services were held in the Audi torium Sunday A.M., Father Corcoran officiating. The sermon was good and the music was good, so why should we not in crease our attendance? Let every Sunday be “go to church Sunday”. , With favorable conditions of the ele ments, and favorable conditions of the soil, perchance we’ll have the opportunity to recuperate from the effects of our win ter lodgments by promenading the Parade Grounds tomorrow. —Here's hoping! Thursday, April 15th., will be Mirror Thursday, at which date the Mirror will leave our press as an entirely original sheet, all exchanges being pigeon-holed for the occasion. So get busy Ye schibas and work your pencilist’s to make it a winner. Florist King has been endeavoring to improve the home-like atmosphere of our divinia habitum by installing several potted plants of various species herein. We can water them alright, but as for sun shine —well, a red-headed printer must fust become evident. Mr. F.A. Whittier, State Parole Agent, accompanied by the Misses Whittiers and severial friends, were visitors at the insti tution last week; while visiting the print ing office, Mr. Gallagher interested them by explaining some of the complication of our ruling machine. Uncle Goshding, who dispenses Brick bats & Posies and Salmagundi (chopped meats) has been equanimitly awaiting the termination of developments in and near the Dardanelles. Goshding is vigorously neutral but we advise all controversialists to g*ve him a wide berth. There’s a reason. Sherlock, of Reversed Diverse fame, is one of the silent members of our Literary Clinique this issue. Sherlock is not pernm nently mute, but in apropos to the signifi cance of the day he thinks that it alone is a-plenty and he wishes other than to cause a congestion; and then, other duties are bolding claim to his spare moments. Soarit of Control Soard of flaralr PICKUPS AND PUNCHES By Uncle John Mass was held in the Auditorium last Sunday, Father Corcoran officiating. Night Guard Hinton, cell hall A. who has been absent for several days is again on duty. Officer Gallagher’s crew of the park, is on the dwindle, if he don’t look out he will be alone. The Dentist was at the institution sev eral times during the week doing quite a considerable amount of work. Foreman Rutherford showed a friend around every department including the movies given last Thursday evening. Our Musical Director, H. C. Christian sen will move his family to South Stillwat er, a good “move” on the Professor. For the last month we did not see any thing in the papers but war news but I bet that in a few weeks more base ball will take first place. You can’t run away from yourself but you can run away from bad companions and many a man would not be here to-day if he had done so. Father Corcoran was a visitor at the in stitution last Saturday and granted inter views to several inmates who desired to see him at the Deputy’s office. It is rumored that Paddy has collared several first class ball players. Fine! But they first must show us what they can do, ’cause we’re from Missouri. Chief Engineer Schatz was seen in cell A with several friends inspecting the cells, and judging by the Chief's gestulations they received full explanation. When a man sits down and gives up, and tells you what’s the use of trying, he is a hopeless case, and all the encouragement in the world will not help him. Officer Clapperton, of shop M. enjoyed the rest of his vacation during the week, but is again back on the job; the absence of tan would indicate the vacation was spent other than in the sun. Last Friday was a very' busy day for Tail or Nelson. Seven inmates who received their diplomas by the Board of Parole were discharged —the greatest number we have seen go out for some time. Last Sunday morning Father announced that Easter confessions will be heard in the near future and that all Catholic inmates ought to accept this opportunity to ob serve their Easter duty without fail.. Father Corcoran in his sermon last Sun day morning brought out several broad statements that are only too true, and we hope that everyone who listened to his ser mon will be benefited by what he said. Next Friday will be a holiday, if the weather keeps as it is now, the park will be dry enough for Paddy’s team to practice for awhile, if not we will perhaps enjoy a good old fashion moving picture show— perhaps. It’s not what you are to day, but what you intend to be to-morrow, that counts. Make up your mind fully to be something more to-morrow than you are today, and you are bound to succeed. Try it, and see if you don’t. * There are quite a few inmates who have the mean trick off tearing numbers other than their own. The inmates that stoop to this trick are bound to be caught, and will be deprived of a fine privilege to which they proved themselves unworthy. Enuf sed, we hope. Next Sunday will be Easter Sunday, and songs of gladness will be sung in the churches through the entire world, if the Son of God could bring peace to the nations now at war, he would not have suffered, died, and rose again in vain, but there seems little prospect of this to happen at the pres ent time, but stranger things have happen ed. CHAPEL PROGRAM SUNDAY MARCH 28 The following is the program rendered in the Auditorium last Sunday; Father Corcoran officiating. March The Win’g Fight Orch’tra Selection The Miss’pi Dip Orch'tra Hymn_.JesusK’p me NT the Cross.. Cong. Scripture Fr. Corcoran Overture Sinfonico Orch'tra Prayer Fr. Corcoran Gospel Reading Fr. Corcoran Sermon Fr. Corcoran Hymn Jesus Lover of my Soul—Cong. March The Ford Orch’tra H. C. Christiansen Musical Director. Monthly School Report The following is the record of the Minnesota State Prison night school for the month ending March 1915: Number of school sessions 14 School attendance at opening session, Mar. Ist 149 Average attendance during month 147 Highest " “ “ 149 Lowest “ “ “ 145 Average compulsory attendance 6 Average voluntary attendance 141 Number excused by physician—temporarily, li * “ “ “ —permanently. 1 No excused by Dep’y Warden—temporarily.. 0 Excused to work nights —permanently 10 Federal Prisoners Transfered Feb. 28th. 33 Number enrolled during month 6 Number (who attended school) discharged from institution 2 Number pupils reported for breach of institu tional rules 1 Number pupils reported for indolence and lack of interest in school work 0 J. J. SULLIVAN. Deputy Warden. BRICKBATS AND POSIES By Uncle Ooshdingit. 4658 The inventor who will invent a cheaper substitute for money will be blessed. The first step toward Universal Peace is the adoption of cotton missies for those of lead. Good people are the salt of the earth— but some few partake too liberally of the salt and become fresh. Most people are neutral and do not care which belligerent wins so long as their favorite has the best of it. Sin and Excuse are bosom companions, and are the first to be invited when Idle ness wants a “good time.” “A prophet is without honor in his own country.” Eh ? Did someone think we said profit ? No, we said prophet. Forget your troubles for a moment and just then some simple hearted party will come around you and tell you theirs. Happy is the man that caff tactfully use superfluous energy of the bore to pompador the lawn or help at manicuring the carpet. The folk that sincerely embraces and abide the truths found in the Holy Book have not the visits of Fear and Doubt to an noy them. Reports of the sinking of some submar ines only confirms our contention that they were invented for the purpose to be able to sink and rise. The Pharisee who sanctimoniously pro claims he is not as other men would be near er the truth, if he would but include the trifling word “good” in his proclamation. A dispatch informs us that thru the use of a recently perfected invention battleships are to have “ears.” Now will some one please invent something that will give it some sense- Have no doubts about the fellow who proudly exhibits the hammer he uses to “knock” some other fellow it wont be long and he’ll be looking for a new subject, and it might turn out to be yourself. The hubby that daily finds time after returning home from his day’s work and finds opportunity to give those little helps to his wife that lessen her burden will find no pleasure in saloons or need to become acquainted with divorce courts. WORDS 0R- “One of the most difficult problems for every man who has a proper sense of ob ligation is to determine how he shall show his gratitude for benefits conferred. As a rule we run to words about as a garden runs to weeds. We try to tell how thank ful we are, and are either too effusive, or in the effort to avoid that error we are ap parently cold and lacking in appreciation. If thele are several of us in a like case, we adopt fuesome resolutions, in which, if we try to oe original, the trite and the crudely new contend, without the benefits of the rules fathered by the Marques of Queens bury, with the result that both are in a de plorable condition “when finis comes.” Frequently, men are thought to be un grateful because they do not know how to express gratitude. Henry Ward Beecher said: “Next thing to ingratitude, the most painful thing to bear is gratitude.” Sensitive people often realize this, for it is a fact, and hesitate in their thanking lest they pain the one who has been kind to them. We who are in prisons have friends — personal friends who have thought of and worked for us individually and other friends who have devoted their efforts to bettering the conditions of prisoners generally. We are grateful. No one who has not lived with us and heard the words that come, not after deliberation, but spontaneously to our lips as we talked among ourselves, can know how grateful. And many of us have asked ourselves, not once but many times. How can I express my gratitude? Let us add another question to this one: What do these friends seek and desire when they thus serve us? Is it not, when the time comes for us to go out in the world, be that time soon or long delayed, we shall “make good?” Gratification can come to them only if, and when we prove by our lives that we are men worthy of their sympathy and help. If when we are grateful—and we are—the way for us to show it, is not by words, but acts. — Star of Hope— WHAT STRONG DRINK WILL DO FOR YOU Continued From First Page artificially is taking grave risks. His mental processes may run up against a stone wall at any moment, and he may make a scene before the audience which is not on the bill. He is apt to say too much or too little. The professional speaker or actor' cannot afford to stimulate save on bounteous draughts of God’s great out-of-doors, cold water and good food in moderation, with eight hours' sleep out of the twenty-four. Henry Ward Beecher once said; “ I never am afraid of breaking down the day I walk five miles.” That is, the five mile walk built him up, stimulated him, oxygenized his blood, gave him strength, so that he could stand that night before an audience and speak for two hours with effectiveness, and a de gree of reserve strength that carried to every auditor the feeling of power. For at the last we win by the guns we never fire. Reserve for an orator, actor, singer, is a very necessary element of success. And reverse strength never comes through stimulants. Think it over! THE RUSSIAN EMPIRE AND ITS PEOPLE (Continued from page 1) St. Louis, Odessa of Pittsburg, Lodz of Milwaukee Riga and Kiev of our Minneapolis. Even Siberia has a number of cities with a population from 10,000 to 75,000. The great obstacle in the way of Russian development is the political condition existing in that country. Russia is to day an absolute autocrat in spite of the douma. The douma is powerless to introduce legislation which conflicts with the Tsar’s wishes, and he can at any time issue and enforce any decree without the douma’s permission or approval. How such a state of autocracy is tol erated by a nation of such immense population is declared by Rabbi Lefkovits to be a result of the Rus sian character of submission, due to union of church and state. The Tsar as head of the church, can in voke both military and ecclesiastic oower to enforce his decrees. The Tsar and the Nobles like to think that there is something peculiar about their country and people that make them incapable of self govern ment; in fact thy flrmly believe their mode of government is for the best interests of the governed; while there is a growing class of educated men and women, who think otherwise. There is the division between men who build up a classical tradition, but are not quite big enough to give the tradition the new life it so bad ly needs, and the men who reject the past, altho they are not quite sure of the future, or even of the present. The fate of the country Jies between the autocratic power, surrounded by its military and ec clesiastic princes and dukes, and that class of intellectuals, or so called reformers, who are waking the people to their rights and to a sense of liberty. Of the present ruling class of all non-republic countries it may be said that no matter how great their genius and ability may be, they are enough the product of history and environment to prevent their fiats from ever be ing acceptable laws to a later gen eration. The truly wise know that freedom is essential to permanence. We have then in Russia a people whose traditions are a curious com mingling of the Scandinavian mili tary spirit with the Slav love tor community life and government. The Tartar invasions forced these communities to unite for their mut ual defense, and at the same time undoubtedly left a tinge of barbar ity behind that still crops out upon occasion. However, the study of Russian history suggests that the character of the people and of all its institutions, civil and political, was strongly influenced by its medieval religion. In so far as it was Christ ian it brought the country in its early history into sympathetic rela tion with the west, but in as much as it was Byzantine and came from Constantinople, being out of sympa thy with the Slavs of Poland who were Roman Catholic, and the Ger mans and Scandinavians farther north who were Protestant, it clos ed up the main line of expansion which eastern culture would other wise have taken, aud her face was henceforth turned to the east. Its language, both spoken and written, also had a great effect upon the es trangement of Russia from the west of Europe. The influence of Rus sian speech was wholly isolating be cause of difficulty in translating the strange characters, both printed and written. It has bound the country to models of literature and types of political conduct that has separated it from the rest of Europe more ef fectually than any mountain chain. Although the people of western Europe speak different languages, yet their languages are at least so related as to be easily acquired. We can therefor appreciate how much Russia lost on account of this fate ful circumstance. Nor could the Russian take part in or contribute to the Renaissance of the 15th and Itith centuries. That movement re newed the thought and life of Italy and gave the world a Michael An gelo, a Raphael, a Dante and a Tas so. It spread over Spain and gave us a Cervantes; to England where a Shakespeare put the soul of its peo ple into drama; and on to Germany where a Guitenberg produces the art of printing by movable type, which revolutionized the art of book making so rapidly that within fifty years Venice alone had two hundred presses printing books. Peter the Great introduced into Russia some of the western modes of dress and various handicrafts,and Catherine II did her best to intro duce and encourage modern learn ing, but as a rule, anything coming from the west was scorned. The ideals which satisfied the people in the early period of nation al existence have proved in modern times inadequate to the needs of the educated arid cultured in Russia in not yielding scope for her intel lectual development. The autocratic spirit of the ruling classes, is main taining its powers, still resorts to administrative police methods in which the police is notoriously cor rupt and cruel, inflicting punish ment without trial, and through censorship of the press and suppres sion of public speech throttles and rules the expression of the people. Altho numerous colleges and uni versities have been established since the sixties, the government has sup pressed free and liberal thought in these institutions of learning and imposed severe restriction and pen alties upon the offenders. In their courses of study the classes occupy a prominent part while science is discouraged. All this has made it very difficult for the liberal party to reach the great masses. From 1872 to 1875 a few thousand propagan dists, educated men and women,took up the task of organizing the com mon people. They went out in the country, disguised, to inspire the people with more advanced views, but the task was too great; themove ment failed. It only served to in crease the Siberian exile colonies. Thus it is difficult to avoid a con clusion that in a social, as well as material aspect, Russia is still living in its early youth. Russia has produced few states men who could look far into the future, and still fewer who had the strength to do what they saw need ed to be done. Among these few the most useful man the country has had was Count Serguis Witte, who died about a month ago. His was the difficult task of carrying out a liberal policy and holding his posi tion in the royal household at the same time. In the face of bitterest opposition, and always struggling against reactionary influence of every sort, lie kept bravely to his task of making his country econom ically a modern nation. Through his efforts the great railway system was built, many industries intro duced and the monetary system es tablished upon a gold basis. Ilis success in shaping Russia's policy to some extent will encourage others who have the vision of a “New Russia” to continue in their labor and sacrifice until “Justice exalteth the nation” Thus we see signs of a change taking place in the policies of the Russian government. Heretofore the policy has been to place the inter est of the state above that of the in dividual. When building a railroad the question was, “how will it effect the government”, rather than, “how badly do the people need it”. Its attitude toward the Vodka question also illustrates this. Iu spite of the destroying effect upon the people the manufacture and sale of Vodka has been a government monoploy, until lately, whereby the government derived in 1913 a revenue of eight hundred million roubles, or over $400,000,000. Now since the use of Vodka has seriously effected the ef ficiency of the army, in fact it is said to have been the chief cause for its defeat in the Japanese war ten years ago, the Tzar has by edict prohibited its manufacture and sale. It it claimed that the Tzai* was in clined to stop the traffic several years ago for humanitarian reasons, but his advisors in the Imperial Palace hindered him from carrying out his intentions until this war gave him the opportunity. It is said now that the Tzar intends to estab lish common schools to take the place of Vodka shops throughout his domain as soon as possible. In spite of all handicaps Russia has made great progress, especially since the war with Japan, and she is bound to demand some adjust ments favorable to its interests at the close of the present conflict, es pecially as to an adequate coast line. The Germans and the Scandinavi ans have always blocked the way to the North Sea, and Constantinople, with the aid of the European na tions, especially England, has hin dered her from obtaining an outlook to the south. Now, with England on the side of Russia and against the sick man on the Bosporus, whom he has pretended to protect these many years,the outlook to the Med iterranean is assured, and after con quest for treaty with the powers to the west, the North Sea undoubt edly will be opened to her and the broad highway on the seas shared with her great ally, England. It does not require much gift of pro phecy to see Russia in the near fut ure becoming England’s great rival for supremacy in the eastern hemis phere and for the control of the high seas all over the world. HOW TO REACH THE HALLS OF FAME I asked a friend of mine one day if he would please explain, in a sim ple, yet confident way, how to reach the halls of fame. He locked me ov er, up and down; he mumbled and he grumbled; he threw my hat upon the ground, and my patience fairly crumbled He said, “You boob! please p&t me wise as to what you’re drivin’ after; are you askin’ this to advertise, or just to hear my laugh ter.” He would not take me serious and give answer to my query, he acted most delirious ’til I began to weary. “See here!” I tells him gettin’ mad, '‘This ain’t no jokin’ matter; you’d better speak or you’ll be sad when your bones I start to scatter. I asked you civilly, ’tis true, how to reach the halls of fame, and now I think it’s up to you to get busy and explain.” So to a peaceful, quiet nook, he took my arm and steered me, and then my confidence he look and this is how he queered me: 'You do not have to be so wise to reach the balls of fame, nor do you have to analyse what you pos sess of brains. You need not be a man of wealth, with motors and a yacht, and go abroad in quest of health to where e’er health is bought. You need not daub a canvas bold — no more September mourns — or write a volume bound in gold, of eugenic bramb’s and thorns. You need not as a soldier stand, amid the canon’s roar; nor startle all your native land while as a bird you’d soar. But to reach those lofty halls of fame you must join the modern schools, be a bard and dispense the same as our bardic April Fools.” — And we did. J. L. F. Teacher —“Give a sentence includ ing the word ‘distress.’ ” Pupil—“Me mudder made me wear dis dress.” He —“ When I proposed to Flossie she asked me for a little time to make up her mind.” She (the hated rival) —“Oh! So she makes that up, too, does she?” Kelly —“Is young Cooganengaged to your daughter?” Kehoe —“Oi think he is; he’s giv ing me fivecintseegars now instid av tin.” POPULATION Week Endinc Wednesday, Mar. 31 Number of Inmates at New Prison 1035 Number in First Grade 762 Number in Second Grade 262 Number in Third Grade 11 Number of Inmates atOld Prison 9 Number in First Grade 9 Number in Second Grade 0 Number in Third Grade 0 Total Population of both prisons 1044 Received during week 6 Discharged 9 Paroled a 4 Last Serial Number 4879 Inmates Attention! SPECIAL EASTER SERVICES Rev. C. E. Benson an nounces special Easter morn ing services to be held in the Auditorium next Sunday. In accordance to the goodliness of the day we should all aim to attend.