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The mirror. (Stillwater, Minn.) 1894-1925, July 22, 1915, Image 1

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Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90060762/1915-07-22/ed-1/seq-1/

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Established 1887
YALE STUDENT'S DESCRIPTION
OF AN IDEALNEWSPAPER
Paul Jacob Banker, of Middletown, Ohio, Class of
1915, Wins Prize Offered by New York Even
ing Post for the Best Essay on:-“The Ideal
Newspaper.” Fifteen Essays Were Submitted.
Now, more important than these
really minor points of “make-up”
is the manner in which the writing
must be done. Needless to say, it
must not be wordy —limited space
automaticly takes care of that —it
must be clear and direct, if not lit
erary in style, and it must, above all
things, have “irterst.” The so-cal
led “yellow” journals, whatever
may be their deficiencies in other
directions, certainly cannot be ac
cused of being dry. They see the
human quality in an occurrence and
“play it up,” and the great public
likes it. Mr. Arthur Brisbane’s
maxim of “Sport for the men and
love for the women,” if applied
with judgment, ought to be a pretty
safe one for the newspaper that
seeks to have readers. Dignity of
the prayer-meeting sort may at times
be dispensed with by a paper that
aims at a wide influence. The great
masses of the people are a veryv hu
man lot of folks, after all, and news
paper-writing should be done with
the idea that it is to be read by av
erage human beings. It is not a
question of pandering to the public
taete —one can be interesting with
out being vulgar—but it is a ques
tion of speaking a universal language
such as will readily appeal to the
of thinking men and
women. You must not approach the
people as though they are children
who must be taught a lesson, nor
yet as superlative cultured scholars,
but as reasoning and reasonable
beings, whose minds are open to
new ideas, and who can be trusted
to draw logical conclusions once the
facts are presented to them.
The newspaper which on hotly
contested question like prohibition
or woman suffrage, or the rights of
the European war, comes out and
dogmatically affirms through thick
and thin that its own side is right,
and that all who disagree are fools
or knaves, or both, cannot command
the respect of any community for
long, and its influence will decline
with its circulation. An attitude
of superiority may not safely be
assumed by any newspaper, but the
people must be met on their own
level, and left to reach their own
conclusions, The ideals of Amer*
ican liberty are too deeply imbed
ded for a public long to endure the
flauntings of a newspaper which is
blind to all ideals but its own im
portance. We are individualists,
most of us, and we reserve the right
to do our own thinking. I do not
mean by this that a newspaper may
not express an opinion, that it must
be a mere colorless bulletin of pass
ing events; the most influential or
gans are those which have very de
cided opinions upon most questions,
and who shout them from the house
tops —but my point is that the
shouting must be done respectfully,
not blatantly —logically and clearly,
without ' dogmatism, yet without
timidity.
It seems to be a fairly obvious fact
that a strictly “party” paper can ne
ver have the influence upon all fac
tions which non-partisanship and
individual thinking will give it. A
party organ must support its own
party, whatever happens, and it is
almost under contract to oppose its
Selected, from the New York Evening Post,
(Continued from last week)
wV . \ ' ''
political adversaries in their every
move. As it so happens that there
is very little difference in the ex
pressed tenets of our two principal
parties, a newspaper which con
stantly attacks the one and defends
the other is open to the very palpa
ble charge of placing its party before
its country. The sphere of influence
of such a paper is limited strictly to
the members of its own political
party. The independent paper will
be in the “long run” the more influ
ential, as it has the option of cham
pioning the cause which it deems
just, rather than that which its party
dictates.
The most beautiful typography in
the world, a staff of the most brilliant
writers that it would be possible to
assemble, and an editorial policy
as lofty as the stars, would not av
ail to make a newspaper a wide
spread force in the community, if it
did not have a wide circulation.
Without a big circulation, it is im
possible to get advertisers, and with
out advertisers it is inconvenient to
pay its writers and its paper bills,
and hence hard to maintain its in
dependence of commercial control
Here is a sort of interacting, vicious
circles, everything depending on
circulation, and circulation depend
ing upon the appeal of news in the
columns. Before a newspaper can
educate or form the opinions of the
public, the public must read it, and
the public will not read it unless it
finds in its columns that which ap
peals to it. Authority and popular
ity are the two attributes which an
ideal newspaper must have at all
costs, in order to attract and com
mand the attention of the public
through any extended period.
At the beginning, newspapers
were compared with two other insti
tutions which have as their object
the form of public opinion, namely,
the schools and the church. Each of
the three is important in its own
field. The schools undertake to ef
fect men mentally, and by properly
training their intellects, to make of
them better memders of society.
The Church aims at the betterment
of men spiritually, and, by impress
ing upon them religious truths, to
promote morality and brotherly
love in the world. The newspa
pers 5 aim should include both of
these, as well as a third, namely, to
educate men politically and to make
them better citizens. All three, in
the last analysis, are seeking, or
should seek, to make men better
citizens, and to make it possible for
them to live together with a mini
mum of friction and incompatibility
The influence which a given
school or college exerts on a com
munity depends altogether upon the
personality and ideals of its teach
ers, the power of the Church in
touching men’s lives depends even
more upon the example and inspir
ing characters of its ministers, and
the effect which a newspaper makes
upon its public is dependent no less
upon the individuality and resource
fullness of its editor. A good editor
will make for a healthy influence,
and a bad editor for its opposite.
An ideal newspaper must have
l idealistic editor. The mere mech-
OUR MOTTO:—“It Is Never Too Late to Mend."
Stillwater. Minnesota. Thursday. July. 22. 1915.
anics of newspaper-making may be perfect in their operation, but if the
man in charge be not a-thrill with the conviction that his is a sacred
calling, and that making a newspaper is a solemn privilege, the exercise
of which places him in the position of a mentor of the public weal, the in
fluence of his paper for righteousness will be negligible; whereas, on the
other hand, if he is possessed of a sense of responsibility, his organ may
be for the public “a pillar of cloud by day, and by night a pillar of fire.”
The newspapers of this country have been great actors in the
drama of history, and whether they are to play equally great roles in the
future depends upon the ideals of the rising generation of editors. If
the young men who enter journalism go into it as a business or a
game, merely, in which the winner receives fair rewards both in money
and excitement, the influence of the press will not be remarkable for
moral strength; but if the coming editor considers that his task is a form
of public service, if he regards the business of journalism not as an end
but as a means to a larger usefulness, if he believes optimistically in the
future of his country and the human race, then the public conscience is
in safe keeping, and the newspapers of the future will be institutions of
ideals. —The End.
A |Jrauer.
These are the gifts I ask of thee. Spirit serene,—
Strength for the daily task;
Courage to face the road:
Good cheer to help me hear the traveler s load;
And for the hours of rest that come between.
An inward joy m all things heard and seen.
These are the sins I fain would have thee take
away,—
Malice and cold disdain;
Hot anger, sullen hate;
Scorn of the lowly, envy of the great;
And discontent that casts a shadow gray
On all the i>ri ght ness of a common day. 4
- —Henry Vandyke
LUCK
/
Taken from the 44 REFORMATORY RECORD"
This is a very common word. Every one is familiar with it. We
have noticed that our grandfathers and spoke of lucky and
unlucky days. We have heard our fathers and mothers speaking of good
and bad luck, when engaged in conversation with us around the family
fire-side. Our brothers and sisters made use of it when conversing with
us while we were engaged in our childish games. When we grew up
and began to intermingle with other people of the world, we found all
classes of society, both high and low, using the term. On account of its
early use in our hearing and also, its universal use among all classes of
society, we have adopted it into our own vocabularies without inquiring
into the ideas conveyed by it, nor is it probable that those did from
whom we heard it. We make use of it in the same way that you did,
and probable as frequently too. For when anything is undertaken by
any one: and the result of it meets or goes beyond your expectation, we
invariably find ourselves saying, “He had good luck,” if on the contrary
it falls short of what we looked for, we say, “He had bad luck.” Or
when one, of whom we would not expect a great deal, undertakes and
accomplishes something which we think is beyond his ability, we say, “It
was more through luck than good sense.” What do we mean by such
language; and what did they mean by it? The impression conveyed is
that things happen thus and so, some ill, some well, without any partic
ular cause. The very word luck is of itself suggestive of a want of reg
ularity in the affairs of the world, of want of belief that worth, merit and
character play a part in determining the station of man in life; or that
attentiveness, untiring energy and an indomitable will, figure in the suc
cessful results of undertakings.
Where the idea of luck came from is not known; but grave men
tell us that most of our superstitious notions have been inherited from the
Middle Ages, where rank ignorance held sway in the mind. This notion
of luck is certainly superstitious and may have probable been among that
heritage which was transmitted to us from that time.
However or whatever may have been its origin, we know that it is
among us and that it clings closely to the minds of some people. They
look upon luck as a something that does all things among men which
they cannot account for. They regard it as a something whose favor is
to be desired, a something under whose displeasure success would be im
possible.
Many hard working men, believers in luck, have started in bus
iness with the hope that luck would favor them and give them success.
They try one business a while; and luck does not seem to be on their
side, so they give up. They engage in something else and yet the long
looked for and much worshipped goddess does not appear. They try
another business, still no lnck is seen. They thus dally along attempting
all things, but succeeding at nothing; until the best part of their lives
have been spent. Then, saddened and disappointed, make no more ef
forts. Oh! this has been the cause of many of the wretched failures that
some have made of their lives. Its devotees swell the number of our
gamblers, train-robbers, house-breakers, and murderers. They fancy
that every rich or honored man has attained his wealth or honors not by
any effort of his own; but by some* peculiar turn of luck in his favor:
and consequently has no special right to them; and they will get ihem
away from him if they can. The last act is murder, robbery or the like.
Some men have gone West thinking that their luck might cross
their path and win for them honors or wreaths; but those who go and are
not disposed to win them by honest effort and constant toil or through
wise and well directed steps, return very much disappointed.
In a world like ours in which everything from the smallest par*
(Continued od page 2)
VICTORY AGAIN SELECTED TO
PERCH ON RIVAL’S STANDARD
Game of Last Saturday one to be Long Remembered
by the Fans as a Game Noted for its Many
Rapid and surprising Shittings of the Balance in
Favor of the Visiting Team.
By T. W. L. Official Score-Keeper M. S. P.
The M.S.P’a. must have a power
ful Hoodoo, Jinx or Boox, in their
line-up; for we believe they about
made a record for errors in their
game laSt Saturday contested
with the Gelhar Colts when they
went down to defeat to the tune of
16 —11. The weather was simply
splendid, attendance good, and con
ditions favorable all around for a
first class game, yet, the exhibition
given by the home team was simply
tierce.
There was only one or two play
ers who put up any game at all.
Grummy, the twirler, did some good
work, striking out eight, while he
only gave three passes and twelve
safe hits, but as he got little support
from the field lost heart and was
benched at the end of the seventh
when Van replaced him. Van did
good work the two innings he was
in the box, striking out three while
he only gave one pass and one safe
hit. Laff with the mask on played
a very fair game, Grummy’s del
ivery was a little too swift for our
vetran catcher to handle. Carl,
Saxo, Red and Bergie made a good
showing in their turn at the plate,
* -
particularity the former as he actu
ally stole three of the runs scored.
But in the field there was hardly a
man who played. Some idea mav
be gained when we mention that
there were thirteen errors chalked up
against the fielders and both infield
and garden men were on par.
As we said in the beginning it
certainly looks as tho there was a
Jinx about the home team some
where of late;for if it has not effected
the clubs form, it has sure been trans
fered to the weather. Now a hoodoo
is mostly immagination. So if the
boys both players and fans will get
the following verse into their
“domes” and believe it we sure will
have a string of victories in the fut
ure a yard long. Arthur E. Scott,
an eastern newspaper man is res
ponsible for the following:
“I heard today the startling news
That poor old Jinx is gone;
But I don’t think I’ll shed a tear.
Or put my mourning on.
I well recall the many times
He knocked the home team out;
When victory seemed close at hand
He turned it into rout.
But now he’s gone, we’ll let him rest
In peace for evermore;
This season we are free from his
Attacts upon the score,
Yet don't forget he had a twin,
Likewise of evil fame;
And very much I fear that twin
Will be at every game.
So when you step upon the plate
In hope you’ll make a score,
And hit the pill an awful clout,
While all the people roar,
There’s one thing to bear in mind
When flinging down the stick,
And dashing for the base at first;
You’ve got the Boox to lick.
His ax may cut your score to bits,
You’ll lose each game by flukes;
And so each fan should be on guard
To drive away the Boox.
Now, when the cry “play ball’’ is heard
Sit fingers crossed —both dukes;
Remember that it’s up to you
To crumple up the boox.’’’
(Keep this in mind at the next game
And watch the home team lead.)
The Gelhar Colts played a nice
game; their pitcher worked here
some weeks ago. At that time being
one of the Starkel’s twirlers, and
while he pitched a fair game, he did
not make as good a showing as our
local boxmen as he allowed three
passes and eighteen safe hits while
he struck out eight. The fielders,
both out and in, supported him well,
particularity Pommerville, Byle,Du
gan and Benning, while Shattuck
and Hoy were the shining lights at
the plate and in base stealing. While
it was disappointing to see the home
boys take such a slump there is no
dcubt but what they would have
had to put their best foot forward
had they been in the best of form
to have scored a victory over the
visitors. We trust that the Gelhar
Colts will play a return engagment
in the near future.
In the first, Hoy whanged out a
three bagger to center and came
home on au over throw. Pommer
ville was fanned. Byle lifted one
to Wood at short. Shattuck drove
a double to center, stole third. Mc-
Clellan raised one to right infield
that Carl should have cared for but
let slip, scoring Shattuck. Loney
fanned. 2 hits—2 runs —1 error.
For the M.S.P. Lovely singled to
center, stole second,but was caught
trying to repeat at third. Carl rais
ed one to second that Shattuck
muffed, stole second, and made the
plate on an overthrow. Harry got
first on balls, stole the next two and
came in on Saxo’s single to left.
Laff singled scoring Saxo. Laff
stole second but when he tried to re
peat was nailed. Bergie grounded
to second and went out. 3 hits —3
runs —1 error.
In the second, Benning securred
a pass. Easton raised a single to
center that Bergie muffed. Dugan
and Hoy were whiffed. Pommer
ville popped one to short but Wood
let it slip. Benning scored on the
error and Easton came in a minute
later on a passed ball. Byle singled
to left and the base runner made a
double steal and both came in on
Shattuck’s grounder to first. Carl
should have had this easily. Mc-
Clellan fanned. 1 hit —3 rilns —3
errors.
For the M.S.P. Wood bunted to
first for an out. Red fanned. Gram
my got first on a passed ball but
Lovely was whiffed. o—o.0 —0.
In the third, Loney opened with a
grounder to short that should have
been candy for Wood but again he
muffed it letting the batter make
first, however Loney was nabbed
trying to annex second. Benning
popped a nice one to second that
Harry actually got his hands on bat
after a bit of juggling let fall, the
batter took first and after a little
negotiating reached third. Easton
got a pass and stole second. Dugan
singled to right, both base runners
came in. Hoy doubled to center,
Dugan scored. Pommerville’s bant
was unaffective. Byle popped an
easy one to Red at third. 2 hits —
3 runs —2 errors.
For the M. S. P. Carl whiffed
Harry tried bunting, but it proved
a fizzle. Saxo singled to center.
Laff raised one to Byle at left. I hit
—0 run.
In the fourth, Shattack singled to
left. McClellan drove a fly to right
and Saxo muffed it, allowing the
batter to make second—the man on
base scoring. Loney drove oat a nice
clean two bagger to center enabling
V .. ••
a
ORfOAt
GOGiuTY,
Vol. XXVIII: No. 51
(Continued on page three)

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