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%\t Jttinw Established 1887 H*”™" FFICES are now being furnished at 511 Fifth Avenue for the United j| Retail Stores Corporation, which plans to throw a chain of stores around the earth. The mov ing spirit in the new corporation is George J. Whalen, popularly known as the tobacco king of America. Mr. Whalen’s success as head of the United Cigar Stores Company has evidently filled him with a desire for new worlds to conquer, or encircle with chain stores. \ Mr. Whalen, who is chairman of the board of the United Cigar Stores Company, is now located at 511 Fifth avenue and is giving his time, as are several of his col leagues, to the organization of the United Retail Stores Corporation. Three vice-presidents of the United Cigar Stores Company are now with Mr. Whalen at the head quarters of the new concern. They are; Edward Wise, Elliott Averett and H. S. Collings. To a representative of the “Nau tical Gazette” Mr. Collings said: “Yes, it is quite true that the United Retail Stores Corporation is planning to extend the chain store idea to foreign countries. We possess already through the British American Tobacco Com pany and other organizations with which Mr. Whalen is connected, the necessary machinery for carry ing out our ideas. “However, we shall devote our attention first of all to the domes tic field and establish our ideas there. It is our intention to form various chains of stores, each chdin being independently organ ized and working separately from the others, but all of course being subsidiaries of the United Retail Stores Corporation. Candy, dry goods and groceries will probably be among the first lines to be dealt with and it is also likely that we shall organize a chain of depart ment stores.” _ It should be explained that there is an organic relation between the new corporation and the United Cigar Stores Company. In a word the United Retail Stores Corpora tion has been formed as a holding company for the United Cigar Stores Company and the other chain store companies now in pro cess of organization. When the United Retail was organized a few weeks ago, under a Delaware char ter, it was announced that the United Cigar Stores shareholders were to receive two shares of Class A common stock of the United Re tail Stores Corporation for one share of the United Cigar Stores Company. It was also announced that the United Retail expected to establish a chain of retail stores in Europe, South America and the Orient in addition to new chains of stores in the United States. To bacco, confectionery, groceries and clothing were mentioned among the lines in which the new Corpor ation would likely do business. Closely connected with the United Retail Stores Corporation is the newly organized American Foreign Trade Corporation, spon sored by the Tobacco Products Corporation and affiliated interests of Mr. Whalen and James B. Duke. It is a $20,000,000 corpor ation and is understood to include some of the largest trade organize t.iarirt in the United States. One of the principal markets to be developed by the American Foreign Trade Corporation is the territory tributary to Constantipo- CHAIN STORES ENCOMPASSING GLOBE American Plan of Selling Goods for One Fixed Price to be Tried Abroad The Nautical Gazette, New York. pie. Headquarters are to be established there as soon as possi ble. From Constantinople branch offices will be thrown out to reach far into Smyrna, Armenia, Syria, and Black Sea territory. These posts which to some extent, will follow the pattern of the pioneer Hudson’s Bay Company in Can ada, will distribute American mer chandise and in return will receive the products of those districts. Caravans and other local transpor tation facilities will transport the goods to the near East parent office in Constantinople, whence they will be shipped direct to this coun try. Of special interest is the name of Ernest M. Bull, of the Bull Steam ship Company, on the board of directors of the American Foreign Trade Corporation. The connec tion with a steamship company was sought, it is announced, to protect the Corporation in its over seas communications. It is hoped to establish regular sailings from New York at sixty-day intervals. The bold proposal of Mr. Whalen and his associates has at tracted attention to the existing chains of stores in the United States. Perhaps those best known are the five and ten cent stores with which the spectacular rise of the late F. W. Wool worth was prominently associated. The in vestment in this class of chain stores grew from $250,000 in 1893 to $250,000,000 in 1918, and their gross sales in the same time from $750,000 to $500,000,000. Successful chain stores have been built up in the field of gro ceries. One of the best known is the Great Atlantic & Pacific Tea Company. It dates from 1859 and operates in two-thirds of the states of the Union. The Company’s sales exceed at the present time $10,000,000 a month. Another grocery chain is that of the Amer ican Stores Company, of Philadel phia. This is a successful com bination of five tea and grocery chains operating over 1,200 stores in four adjoining states. Its total sales last year were $33,582,000. The James Butler Grocery Com pany, of New York, operates some 500 chain stores, chiefly in the metropolitan district. Their sales are very large, The Kroger chain of grocery stores now operates in several cities after starting in Cin cinnati with a very modest capital. Other grocery chain stores are the Jones Bros. Tea Company, Jewel Tea Company, Grand Union Tea Company and Acme Tea Company. In the retailing of drugs the chain store has seen an extended development. The United Drug Company has 7,000 “Rexall Stores” in a chain, which does not represent, however, a corporation, but simply a close association formed for the purpose of advan tageous buying and selling. The American Druggist Syndicate has 22,000 agency stores and a capital of $10,000,000. Other chains closely affiliated with the United Drug Company are the Riker & Hegeman Company, with a capital of $15,000,000 and the Louis K. Liggett Company, with $4,534,000 capital. Noteworthy are also the J. C. Penny stores, which started out in an insignificant way in Wyoming in 1902, with a capital of but SSOO. This chain has now some 200 stores doing a volume of over $20,000,- 000. The corporation has today a capital of $3,500,000, all of which has been obtained from the business. OUR MOTTO:—“It Is Newer Too Late to Mend.** Stillwater, Minnesota, Thursday, October 2, 1919. The winding road, the twisting roadl It calls me through the misty dawn, When all the world is fast asleep, “Come follow on! Come follow on!” “Come follow me, if you would see A world all fresh with morning dew; The birds, awakening from their rest, A lilting song shall sing to you.” The dusty road, the shining road! It calls me in the clear sunlight, And draws me to the distant hills With snow-capped summits gleamiDg white. “Come follow me, come follow me! Around the bend adventure lies; Leave humdrum tasks and care behind And wander ’neath the smiling skies; “Perchance you’ll find your heart’s desire, Perchance you’ll find the pot of gold. Ah, come before it is too late — The years are swift to make you old.” O laughing road! O road of youth! I hear you through the throbbing night. Lead on! My heart is following To distant fields of far delight. —I la M. Montgomery VICTORY OVER SOUTH STILLWATER Second Visit of Visitors Results in Defeat at the Hands of Locals by a Score of 3 to 2. By J. R. 8. The South Stillwater base ball aggregation who invaded our recreation park last Saturday was principally composed of the best semi.- professional players that could be picked up in Stillwater, and the class of ball they were able to produce was something marvelous. The locals, still en tertaining memories of the sting ing disaster tney received at the hands of this team earlier in the season, stepped right out to take measures necessary to prevent a recurrence of any such episode. The locaL by outplaying the visi tors at every stage of the game, came out victorious by a score of 3 to 2. The game was punctuated right off the reel with some fast and brilliant playing. This not only Brad was caught stealing second occurred by the locals defensive work but the visitors did some wonderful tossing of the ball as well. Anderson who was the first man to bat was unfortunately hit with a pitched ball, giving him free transportation to first. Sand berg drove one right back at the pitcher that had the speed of a cannon ball for it was invisable to the naked eye and no one knew where to look for the bail till it went smack into Wells mitt. An derson who had started for second on the play was an easy out, thus completing a very fast double play. Berger, Stillwater’s Interstate Lea gue catcher, was the next man to bat. By being aided by the umps he was successful in working the pitcher for a pass on balls. The Road of Youth P. Byers the next man up hit a bounding grounder to Brad forc ing out Berger at second. The locals turn at bat netted them nothing. Burn and Fros went out by the strikeout route, while Brad drew a base on balls, giving them renewed life for the time being but it was of very short duration. Brad decided to try to steal on the first ball delivered and the pitcher correctly guessing his intentions, delivered the ball high and wide, giving the catcher every advantage of a quick and perfect throw, therefore, the .ball was at second base waiting for Brad to arrive upon the scene to complete the •third out. In the opening of the second frame the visitors got bus.v and scored two tuds. C. Byers was al lowed to get safely on by Hicks error and as the ball went wild he was allowed to proceed on to second. J. Peulen went out on a fly to Well. W. Peulen was given a base on balls. Both runners were now advanced one peg each on Well’s wild throw to second when no one was there to cover the base. Alvin struck out but Goul after making a half dozen fouls made a safe hit, scoring C. Byers and W. Peulen, Goul going to second on the play to home plate. Anderson for the second time is hit with a pitched ball. It was now beginning to look rather serious for the locals. Six men had faced the pitcher, two of them had completed the circuit, two were safely on and two had been retired. Sandberg tried hard to keep the good work in operation but all his efforts were in vain for he was re tired by the strike out roule. In the locals turn at bat they went out right rapidly after Hick had drawn a base on balls* Jam struck out, Lohr hit a grounder to P. Byers forcing out Hick at second and Iver went out on a fly to J- Peulen. The opening of the third frame the visitors heavy batters were re tired in the one, two, three order. Berger the first man up, struck out. P. Byers was thrown out, Brad to Hick and C. Byers struck out. The locals how considered it was time to even up the counts and if possible to take the lead. Bud- (Continued on pact, column O Minnesota SOCIETY ESKIMOS ENJOY MODERN COMFORTS Police Officer Tells of Wealth, Peacefulness and In dustry of Natives Who Dwell in Herschel Island Mary Clendenan who ave never SiHiPi Deen Buu th of the Arctic pgib circle, but live in snug wooden houses, sleep on spring beds, run up the family garments on nifty sewingmachines, travel in gasoline launches, hunt with expensive rifles and while away the six weeks’ night of win ter with first class Victrola music and English reading matter, are among the warm personal friends of a R. N. W. M. P. officer, who is in Winnipeg this week on his way home for a visit after spending two years on Herschel Island. He is primed with interesting infor mation on the northland and its reactions to the touch of civiliza tion, but his own identity, one of the most interesting parts of the story, he will not allow to be pub lished. Herschel Island is almost two months travel from Winnipeg, by rail to Fort McMurray and north from there by canoe or dog train. According to his description it is a “heap of mud” in the Arctic ocean, nine miles long. It is near ly always draped in fo'g, and snow flurries every week in the year are a regular occurrence. During the brief summer season when for more than six weeks the light lasts 24 hours a day, a green growth something like prairie wool ap pears on the muddy hummocks. Beautiful moss, a little flower re sembling heather, and low-grow ing willow are the other chief forms of vegetation, the timber line being left behind somewhere in the McKenzie river delta, more than 100 miles south. On the island are posts of the Hudson Bay company, the North ern Trading company, of Edmon ton, and the H. Liebs company, of San Francisco. A Royal North west Mounted Police station, es tablished there in 1903, is in charge of Inspector S. Woods and two constables. The inspector’s wife, the first white woman to travel north to the real land’s end where limitless ice fields begin, has been on the island for several months and likes the life fairly well. The chief duty of the force is to collect customs on goods sold to the Eskimos from American trad ing ships which come north from California around the Alaska coast laden with all the trappings of civ ilization and go back with a cargo of furs for which thousands upon thousands of dollars have been paid to the Eskimos in cold cash. The natives hunt with the best rifles of the market and are crack shots. They spend freely, and the duty on sales made on a ship dur ing one visit amounts to thousands of dollars. All this trading is done during one week in the middle of August. There are no Eskimos living on the island, but they gather from the creeks and inlets many miles away to use it as a trading rendezvous. It is the duty of the mounted police to prevent the sale of intox icants to the Eskimos. The health of the community is also in their care, and last year they kept the influenza at bay by preventing in tercourse with Indians to the south. The education of children in mental as well as practical ac complishments is by no means neglected, the father acting as tutor to his family and conduct ing a primitive school in the igloo during the long, dark winter. The mounted police officer describes Vol. XXXIII: No. 9 them as wise and kind in their treatment of their children and prodigal in the exercise of hos pitality. If one goes hungry all go hungry, and he who is a better hunter and therefore richer than his neighbors augments their lean store from his plenty. The visitor from the north states that many an Eskimo can' lay his hand at a moment’s Dotice on sev eral thousand dollars in gold coin and has extensive banking busi ness done for him by friends in Alaska or British Columbia. That is not remarkable when $55 is be ing paid for one marten skin, $27.50 for white fox, with beaver, ermine, bear, muskrat and other furs priced in proportion. Three bales of marten skins, any one of which would have gone into a small trunk, were valued at $26,000 each. He remarked especially bn the fact that every enterprise to open up the arctic country is financed and operated from the United States. As an example, the Lamb son Hubbard company of Boston is this year building & stern wheeler to operate on the McKen zie river, the machinery having been brought from Victoria and the finest timber from B. C. In construction and interior fittings it is to be equal to the most up-to date Mississippi river boat and the idea is eventually to offer tourists a trip from Saa Francisco to Ed monton by way of the Alaska coa>t, McKenzie river and inter lacing waterways. The same company has secured two 75 b. p. gasoline tractors, built caterpillar style to haul goods over the 12-mile portage on the McKenzie river. By the old way it took a couple of days to haul 800 or 1,000 pounds across by dog train. Now the tractors pull four trucks, with a cargo of 20 tons and make the trip in five hours. They cost $5,500 each in the United States, but Capt Lean, of Seattle, the official in charge, is confident that they will soon pay for them selves. G. H. Bryan is head of the fur branch of the company’s activities at Herschel. Mail is received on Herschel Is land twice a year but news of the outside world is obtained more fre quently from the wireless station at Fort Yukon, Alaska, more than a hundred miles away. The Eski mos were keenly interested in the progress of the war and avidly devoured all news that came their way. All these modern tastes and tendencies, of course, apply only to the Eskimos who trade with white people and who have been undergoing a transformation dur ing the last 15 or 20 years. The Eskimos of the hinterland still live in igloos and know not the sound of the Victrola, the motor launch and the rifle. Preparations for building two gigantic ocean liners are being made by the shipping board. These huge vessels will be some 50 feet longer than the Leviathan and will have a gross tonnage of 55,000. Accommodations will be provided for 1,000 saloon passengers, 800 second cabin passengers and 1200 steerage passengers. Gun em placements will be built on the decks in order that the vessels may be converted into commerce destroyers in time of war. The crew will comprise 1,000 officers and men. To relieve congestion in New York harbor special ter minals for the ships will be built at Montauk Point, L. I* —Ex. t » & i . f¥ C