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Intend at the poatoffice at Stilhrater, Minnesota, aa second* class mail matter. Thb Mnnon is issued every Thursday at the following rates: One Tear SI.OO She Months ——— 1 .60 Three Months .25 To Inmates of all penal institutions per year .60 Address all communications to Thb Mibbob, Stillwater, Minn. Thb Mrnhon is a weekly paper published in the Minnesota State Prison. It was founded in 1887 by the prisoners and is edited and managed by them. It aims to be a home newspaper; to encourage moral and intellectual improvement among the pris oners ; to acquaint the publio with the true statue of the prisoner; to disseminate penological information and to aid in dispelling that prejudice which has ever been the bar sinister to a fallen man’s self-redemption. NOTICE TO INMATES: Each Inmate is accorded the privilege of sending one paper home, or to friends free of charge. To do this you should write your own name and register number and the name and address of the person you wish to send the paper to, and hand same to your officer. If you desire to send more than one paper, each additional copy will be charged for at the rate of 60 cents a year. The paper delivered to your cell each week must be kept clean, ana should be folded in the same manner as you receive it, placing it at the foot of your bed on the morning following the day on which it is delivered to your cell. CHURCH NOTICE Services in the Prison Chspel at nine o'clock every Sunday morning, Protestant and Catholic service every alternate Sunday. Rev. C. E. Benson and Rev. Fr. Corcoran, Chaplains. NOTlCE—Contributions submitted to The Mirror for publication must be absolutely original; if not original, pro per credit must be given, if known; if writer’s name is not known, it should be so specified by said contributor. Should contributor fail to comply with this request he will hence forth be dropped from The Mirror's contributing staff. —Editor. Approved by Warden. COMMENTS .% Truth may be barred for a time, but it cannot be debarred for eternity. Wisdom, after all, is the adaptation of what you have to what you need. You can always tell when a man’s in love he lis tens to the girl when she isn’t saying anything at all. Be Genuine Some people are rusty; their harsh, ungainly man ners cut out whatever is good in their own character. Some people are gilt; a very brilliant exterior they present, but the first brush and hard using rubs off the gilding and reveals the bare metal beneath. A third class of people are polished. The polish indeed is on the multifarious crosses of human life, the more it is rubbed the brighter it grows. Life He alone fails who gives up and lies down. We cannot fail if we live always in a brave and cheerful attitude of mind and heart, and hope and courage are great producers. Like creates like, and like attracts like. As is our prevailing type of thought, so is our prevailing type and our conditions of life. Unfore seen helps will spring up all along the way for him who makes the start, and who works true to the pat tern. No life at whatever age or under whatever cir cumstances, can fail to do wisely in realizing that the glories of the sunrise or sunset colors may be just as brilliant and just as beautiful for it, as they have ever been. The better we understand life, the more we come to realize that happiness is a duty.— Selected. Have You a Maya? A missionary who had spent many years in India, returned at last to his native town. Among his friends was one of whom he had been especially fond when he was young, who was then a modest, retiring youth. Now all was changed. The man regaled the mis sionary at length, regarding his own greatness. He was the best lawyer in the country. No one could plead a case as well as he. His views on the tariff, the labor situation, the high cost of living, and international affairs, were the last word. In short, the man was convinced that no one was quite as clever as he. The missionary listened patiently; then, as his friend paused for breath, he said, smiling a little sadly, “John, you have a maya, and the sooner you get rid of it the better.” Maya is an East Indian word, and means an illusion. As the Indians put it more strongly, “a great, big illusion.” It would appear, therefore, that in India, as well as in the United States, there are men with mayas. A good deal of the trouble with things as they are today, is that too many people are possessed of mayas. And there are mayas of every description. The man who labors with his hands, the workman, the me chanic, the miner, -the clerk, who has some way gotten the idea that his services are all-important to the wel fare of the country, has a maya. The employer who proclaims that his success is due solely to his own cleverness in conducting his busi ness, without taking into consideration the great part played by his employes, also owns a maya. The politician who is sure that his way for sav ing the country from ruin and disaster, and bringing about a rational condition of things again, is the only feasible one, is possessed of a large-sized maya. The theologian who asserts that his particular church or creed is the only gateway through which we may pass into heaven will be found to have a maya for a bosom companion. When the emperor of Germany believed that no nation nor combination of nations could defeat his army and navy, And that his submarines would quickly bring the Allies to their knees, he possessed the biggest maya of the century. The man who looks upon the capitalist as an ogre; he who considers that labor is a thing to barter with; the man who believes that pull is the only way to “get there;” the fellow who thinks that the world owes him a living, all are men with mayas. Most of us have mayas of some kind. Some are only little ones, just born. That is the time to strangle them and forever rid ourselves of their in sidious influence. Some are full grown, and difficult to kill, while others have become so large that they dominate their owners’ entire personality. One great difficulty of the world today is that men in line of activity, are possessed of mayas. And the trouble is that the maya is not the right kind. If the iqaya was the idea that you could do good to your fellow men; that you were the most sunshiny per son in the world, and you then went out to prove it; that you could create more happiness among your acquaintances by being cheerful than by being blue, this would be a better world. But the trouble is that the maya, generally, is a thing born of conceit and egotism, and reared in selfishness. Wouldn’t it be a good idea to have a “spring cleaning” and start driving out the bad mayas from our lives, as we would vermin from the house? Look around at the men and women whom you meet every day, and see how many of them have mayas. Then start in with yourself and clean house, unless, of course, you have the maya that every one has a maya but you.— The Dearborn Independent. Eternal Watchfulness Price of Liberty As in the Revolution and during the Civil War, so in 1917 and 1918 the men and women of America gave and dared immeasurably for the cause of self government, freedom and equality. No one dares question our national courage and loyalty to high ideals. But eternal watchfulness is the price of Liberty. Right now the free institutions that we fought for are in danger. Organized forces of unrest, class hatred? and mob rule are seeking to array class against class— to undermine our Government and to put in its place something similar to the “people’s rule” as it exists today in Russia. This is not rumor or idle fear. It is proven by the facts. There is a strong, alert enemy within our gates.” Unchecked this enemy will increase in strength until the heroes of Flanders’ Fields will have died in vain. Today, therefore, it is the duty of every indivi dual to take stock of the Americanism in his or her community—to take a stand for America or against America. It is a clear out issue. There isn’t any “no man’s land.” You must get into one camp or the other. If you believe in the rule of the soviet, in sabotage, confiscation of wealth, revolution, class rule, join the I. W. W.’s, the Socialists the communists or some of the ’ists. If you believe in our constitution, in a representa tive “Government of the people, by the people and for the people,” if you have faith in the nation of Wash ington, Lincoln and Roosevelt, then join with the forces of Americanism and fight the enemies of that nation. The war is over, but Americans must “carry on.” They must do comething besides talk. They work and save and fight for their Government in 1920 if they are to enjoy what they fought and sacrificed for in 1918.— Hon. A. R. Rogers, Chairman Liberty Loan Executive Committee Ninth Federal Reserve District, Minneapolis. Our Soldiers’ Graves It was my good fortune to arrive in Perigueux early on All Souls’ day, the French memorial day, writes Hudson Hawley in the Home Sector. “Aha!” the bright eyed little girl back of the desk at the Grand Hotel de France exclaimed when I gave myself away by my accent. “M’sieu’ is an American, and has come down to visit his comrades’ graves on La Journee des Morts! Quel beau sentiment!” And I, who had forgotten all about its being All Souls’ day, felt very much abashed and touched. I asked her where the cemetery was, and she gave me general directions—such as women, being not all long on geography, always give you. But the dingy garcon of all work around the hotel, no doubt ex pecting his pourboire, offered to take me out to the corner and point the way more explicity. I was the only living American in that area, the only ex-soldier there to pay respect to those of his com rades who lie buried in what is pretty nearly the farthest south cemetery of ours in France. But our allies, the good people of the countryside, had pre ceded me in their devotons to my countrymen. In a central position in the cemjetery, so disposed as not to favor any particular grave, was a great wreath with a ribbon of silver and horizon blue, bearing the inscription, “Aux Soldats Amiericaine. J> At least every other of the little mounds was decorated with a bunch of wild flowers, brought by some child, no doubt, for as I entered the inclosure I found many of the young sters of the neighborhood going silently and daintly about laying their offerings on the graves. A fair sprinkling of middleaged and elderly X Frenchwomen were on hand, moving about among the plots, read ing what they could of the names and depositing their humble wreaths. And as I stood there with bared head before that spectacle of friendly solicitude for the fallen sons of American mothers, Monsieur le Oure of St. George, with his two young assistant priests, came marching in with cassock and surplice and cross, and uncovering, stood before the ranks of the graves and began to recite the Latin commemorative service for the dead. It was biting cold and snowing hard little pellets, yet the kindly old priest and the two young men be side him stood there a good quarter of an hour, giving antiphon and response for the strangers who remained within their gates. At the final “ Requiscat in pace ,” with its concluding “Amen,” they remained standing in meditation for a moment, and then solemnly made a short tour around the cemetery before filing out as they came. “Taking the Cure" in Tuberculosis Manufacturing tuberculosis “antitoxin” privately, for personal use, that is what “taking the cure” really is. Your own body is the factory. We have never discovered any other way of making any antitoxin, except in the living body. A very necessary part of the “plant” for making tuberculosis “antitoxin” consists in a good supply of the tuberculosis germs. If you are not infected with the germs, you can’t make the antitoxin. This is where you with tuberculosis have it all over uninfected people—the latter may “take the cure” as much as they like, but it won’t immunize them— whereas with you, because the germs are present, “tak ing the cure” literally manufactures “antitoxin;” and when enough is made, the germs go out of effective business—they can’t hurt you any more. It is easy to understand. Your body is remark ably like the whole nation, in small bulk. We had no soldiers to speak of before the war; but in reaction to the demand on us which the fighting made, we turned out four or five million soldiers in the most rapid order. So the body, not attacked by tuberculosis, makes no antitoxin to combat it; but introduce the “bugs,” and the body begins at once to make “anti toxin” to attack them and their poisons, learning better and better how to do it as time goes on; just as we learned better and better how to make and handle and use soldiers as the war went on. Now, the “piping times of peace” before the war did NOT produce sol diers, but no incentive to do it. Then in the rush and turmoil and excitement of the war, with expenses high and great demands of all kinds on us, we DID produce soldiers, because we needed them,. It is true we SHOULD HAVE been prepared for war befdre war began, but no kind of human na ture yet discovered ever does prepare for war in time of peace—nor does the human body. No amount of “taking the cure” will immunize anybody, unless the germs are present. This is just what happens in other diseases; it is not exceptional at all. The child who is b">rn healthy and well and active lives healthy and happily for years; then suddenly “catches” Measles in spite of it. It was his week or two of desperate illness that resulted in his immunity—an immunity that will last him the rest of his life. Just so in tuberculosis or in war. You don’t make the antidote until you are attacked. Why not leave it then to the germs in your body to fight it out Why “take the cure?” Now, our country turned its mind to making sol diers during the war and succeeded, as all the world knows. But suppose that, besides the war itself, we had been carrying on a thousand other great activities —we could not have done what we did for our own defense. It was because the nation as a whole turned its numerous pre-war activities of all kinds to the one purpose of war that we succeeded.— Dr. H. W. Hill, Executive Secretary Minnesota Public Health Assn. CHAUTAUQUA CIRCLE On Sunday afternoon, April 25th, the Pierian Chautauqua Circle met in the school room for their regular meeting, sixteen members answering to roll call. Minutes of the April 11th meeting were read and ap proved after which class leaders distributed library books among the several classes. Pres. F. O. O. feeling that the final papers read at the last gathering had not been allowed sufficient time for the deserved questions brought them up for the member’s discussion. Numerous facts and opinions were expressed on the two subjects, “Land Drainage” and “How Mych Should a Salesman Know?” The friendly rivalry between advocates of different methods served to bring out various angles and viewpoints, thereby adding interest to the data contained in the original papers. Class D presented two papers: “American Pro duction and Consumption of Oils” by Mr. F. E. W. and “Some Facts About the Automobile Industry,” by Mr. C. S. E. Both of these papers dealt with live topics and were written and presented in a laudable manner. The prodigious growth of these industries quite astonishes the average man and the facts and figures as presented by Messrs. W. and E. were in deed iteire of interest to members of the Circle who had not had an opportunity- to gather and concentrate facts concerning consumptinon of oils or the marvel ous development of the automobile industry. These papers dealt with to distinctly separate subjects but as the discussion that followed their reading tended to combine them, and both were from Class D they are reported conjointly. So much interest was shown by the asking and answering of questions that M. M. G. was obliged to give an abbreviated critic’s report so that adjournment could be declared within our alloted time. • F. T. P., Secy. QUERIES * '*—■■■ 1 ■■ 'l ■ '■■■■■■■ I ~ 0 nonox to inmates Tor the benefit of any who appreciate and aee the opportunity that their spare hours give toward a means of self ed ucation through correspondent school courses, study of good litera ture, acquiring an education in our Right Schools, or, who need helpful information in connection with tWi- work in our various departments, will herewith be privileged to use the “Query” col umn. Tou are welcome to send in any queries of serious interest to yourself, Tu Mibbob with the kind collaboration of Miss Miriam X. Carey, Supervisor of Institutional Libraries, will gladly endeavor to supply the requested information. Notice—ld order to regulate the conduct of this column inmates must sign their name, register number and lock num ber to all queries submitted for publication. Inmates names, of course, will not be published, only the initials of each querist being used.—Editor. Q: —How does our national debt compare with that of Great Britain and France?—F. L. A:—U. S. national debt is something like $26,000,000,000, or about $235 per capita. Great Britain’s debt is nearly $38,- 000,000,000 and that of France $35,000,000,000. Great Bri tain’s debt per capita is about SI,OOO and France’s nearly S9OO. Q: —Where was Admiral Grayson, President Wilson’s physician, educated?—O. T. A:—He attended William and Mary college, 1895-98. He received his Ph. G. degree at the university of the South, Sewanee, Tenn., in 1902, and the same year received his M. D. degree at the same college. He graduated from the United - States naval medical school in 1904. Q-' —What is the origin of the name “Miami”?—L. D. A:—lts origin is disputed, but it is believed by some authorities to be derived from the Chippewa “Omaumeg,” meaning “people who live on the peninsula.” Q: —How many American soldiers’ graves are there in Europe?—T. B. A:—Approximately 58,000, distributed as follows: France, 54,000; England, 2,000; Germany, 1,050; Belgium, 400; Russia, nearly 200; Luxemburg, 100 and Italy, about 75. Q: —What is the average length of a moving-picture reel?—W. A. A:—A reel is usually 1,000 feet of film. This would mean that in a five-reel picture there is almost a mile of film. Q: —What town in Belgium is to be left unrestored ? —J. J. A:—According to present plans Ypres is to be left in its ruined codition as a war monument Q: —What is the length and other dimensions of the Panama canal?—D. W. A:—From deep water to deep water it is a little over 50 miles long. Maximum width of bottom is 1,000 feet; minimum, 3000 feet. Greatest depth is 45 feet and minimum depth 41 feet Q: —May Alaska become a state whenever it chooses?— A. J. S. A:—A territory is admitted into union of states by act of congress. When a territory has gained sufficient popula tion and importance it petitions congress for admission and when it has convinced that body that it is worthy of a place in the great sisterhood it is admitted. The time at which congress will consider Alaska up to the standard is impossible to forecast. Q: —Was there such a person as William Tell?—C. T. A: —While the story of William Tell has been questioned by some modern writers, we have little doubt that the man himself was a reality, and that he played a prominent part in the liberationTof his country from the Austrian yoke in the fourteenth century. Tell was of peasant parentage, a na tive of Burglen, in the canton of Uri, Switzerland. He was distinguished by his skill in archery, his strength and courage. According to the story, handed down from century to cen tury, Herman Gessler, the Austrian governor, placed his hat in the market-place at Altorf in 1307, and ordered all resi dents to bow to it. Tell refused to do this and was ordered to shoot an apple off his son’s head or forfeit his life if he failed. He skillfully pierced the apple with an arrow and saved his —life. Q: —About which one of the presidents of the United States is the anecdote, “True politeness,, told?—F. O. A:—lt is told about president Jefferson. While a mer chant, Jefferson returned with an air of kindness, the bow of a negro who passed. “How,” said the merchant, “does your excellency condescend to salute a slave?” To which remark Jefferson replied: “I should certainly be sorry if a slave could exceed me in politeness.” ' NOTICE—AII inmates using the Query Column and desiring more detailed information to their queries are invited to use the splendid reference books in our library to be bad on request. The International Text Books are especially complete in their informa tion on technical subjects. Consult the Reference, Useful Arts, Literature, Chemistry, Biography and Science divisions of our library catalogue for diversified subjects. Every Hour Will Mean $ $ Increased Prosperity WHEN YOUR MONEY IS INVESTED IN Government Savings Securities Buy War Savings Certi ficates; for by so doing — w ~ you help to increase the w!s£ y£ im rSm financial strength of the i s4.i« *5.00 $0.84 country and at the same ? ,!•“ I*2 time insure yourself for $ 12.48 15.00 2.52 n • l • J j 4 16.64 20.00 B.to financial independency o so.oo B*:S for your future. Earn l 212 Aggressively; Save 5 ”5 &S Consistently; Invest nSw 944 Thoughtfully. It Rrill is 46.98 ao.oo lo.os Increase Wonderfully. 15 54.08 65.00 10.98 rfi. . llu “ I u 58.84 70.00 u. 76 JLhe road to wealth is to 16 80.00 IM4 save money and invest \l “•!" }*-?f it securely and profitab -19 7944 95.00 1546 ly* War Savings Stamps 8o 88.80 ioo-oo i 640 are reliable government luyWAA.,iteMtaiszs securities. (Bead the table of profits.) 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