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Interesting Reading and Information
Gathered From Many Sources American coal is said to be the cheap est in the world. The United States is using more than 6,300,000 automobiles. Seven species of wasps secrete and store up honey just as bees do. In proportion to its thickness, frog skin makes the toughest leather. Kansas wheat acreage is 3,366,284 acres below the record of last year. England’s average winter temperature is 8 degrees above feezing point. There are believed to be 8,000 lenses in the eye of the ordinary housefly. A pearl necklace valued at SI,OOO four years ago would cost SSOOO today. The manufacture of paper from wood pulp involves 28 separate operations. In Paris and in Berne there is no 13 in house numbers, 12being used instead. Paris was the first city in which fire escapes were used, the date being 1761. In a socialist’s trial at Boston, President Wilson’s writings were read as examples of socialistic doctrine. Canada comes to the front in the Lea gue of Nations with the offer to take the mandate for Armenia if it is offered her. California housewives are discussing the abolition of Sunday motor rides in order to conserve fuel for tractors, irrigation pumps and trucks. A “funeral thief” has been discovered in the West. His specialty was to rob homes when the family was away burying one of its members. “The British Government has never promised as a means of compelling Ger many to fulfill the terms of the treaty that she should starve.”—Lloyd George. A “dry” body of sixty Deputies exists in the French Chamber of Deputies. It is backed by the French prohibitionists who call themselves The League Against Alcohol. Chauncey Depew was a member of the Republican National Convention that nominated Abraham Lincoln. He is also a delegate this year. He says he wants to live to see four more national conventions. Not more than five per cent of the far mer boys who left home for the army and navy during the war, have returned to the farms. This will be reflected in next year’s crops. lowa and Nebraska sent 166,000 of such boy*. The shortage is therefore very great. “The resurrection cocktail” is the latest offering of the barrooms of Paris. It looks to the "wine and beer” amendment which thg “wets” hope for the United States. The drink is two-thirds larger and one-third port. \ \ \ i s;i An egg expands when it is frozen and breaks its shell. Apples contract so much that a barrel will shrink until the top layer is a foot below the chine. When the frost is drawn out the apples assume their normal size and fill the barrel again. Cer tain varieties are not appreciably injured RELATA REFERO By Scissors by being frozen if the frost is drawn but gradually. Apples will carry safely in refrigerating car while the mercury is re gistering fully 20 degrees below zero. Potatoes, being so largely composed of water, are easily frozen. Once touched by frost they are ruined. Municipal authorities do not always know when they have got hold of a good thing. A picture was presented to Coven try, England, in 1855, but so little was it valued, and it was so big and clumsy— -25 feet long, and 10 feet high— that the City Council and aldermen of Coventry tried to give it away! Even the council’s dustman seems to have declined the gift. Yet today it is one of the glories of Coven try, being in fact Giordano’s “Bacchus Springing from his Car at Sight of Ariadne,” and is valued at tens of thou sands of dollars. Mexico is not the only place where earthquake and volcanic disturbances bring ruin and devastation in their train. Samutra is fertile ground for active cra ters and volcanic chasms. The Boekit Barisan, a series of mountain ranges run ning the whole length of the island, near the western coast, splits in the north into parallel chains which encircle the broad -Karo-Batak plateau and the vast area of Toba Lake. In these partially explored ranges, there have already been discovered ninety volcanies, twelve of which are now active, the constructive and destructive forces of Sumatra’s formation. Opals have recently been found in the form of fossilized trees, which grew and flourished thousands of years ago, in what is now the state of Nevada. These opals are described by one who saw them as clear, glass-like fragments of former trees, which send out a rich ultramarine glow like a pool of light. Other pieces flash with brilliant red, orange, blue, and green, shifting and varying with every change of position. Broad sheets of colors and harlequinade-like shadings contrast. A unique specimen is of dark, smoky color, which, when it catches the light at the right angle, reflects back a dull glow of red and’ orange, almost as if there still burned in it some of the fires of the extinct volcanoes which were probably the first factors in its metamorphosis. The three tallest trees in the world are believed to be two eucalypti in Victoria, Australia, estimated to be 435 and 450 feet respectively. The lake which has the highest elevation of any in the world is Green Lake, Colorado. Its surface is 10,252 feet above the level of the sea. In some places it is over 300 feet deep. The greatest depth of the ocean is 27,930 feet. The largest sheet or pane of glass in the world is set in the front of a building in Cincinnati, Ohio. It was made in Mar seilles, France, and measures 186 by 104 inches. At Alleghany City, Pennsylvania, there was recently rolled a steel spring six inches wide, one-quarter of an inch thick, and 310 feet long. It is the largest coiled spring ever rolled. A giant gorilla was killed after a ter rific fight in the forest of Bambio in Afri ca. The brute had a height of about nine feet, and even after the internal organs had been removed the frame weighed over 650 pounds. One of his hands alone weighed more than eleven pounds. The animal is the fiercest and strongest of the monkey tribe and can easily tear a man apart with his bare hands. The death of the gorilla was an occasion of great rejoicing, and a feast lasting several days took place, to which members of the tribe came from far and near. The gorilla is a troublesome neigh bor to any village and causes great de struction by his raids. Sometimes when his depredations get beyond bearing a gathering of the villagers takes place and a hunt is organized. This is seldom suc cessful except at the expense of the lives of a number of the hunters. The gorilla has, however, his milder moments, and there is a legend among the elders of the tribes that if the brute comes across a man wandering in the forest he will not kill him unless resistance is offered. He will turn him about, examine him curiously and after a while let him go. The reason bread becomes stale has been investigated recently by Professor J. R. Katz, of Amsterdam, who has discovered that the staleness is due to low tempera tures, and not merely to loss of moisture. The experiments of Professor Katz were based upon the keeping of bread for forty eight hours after it was taken out of the oven. He found that if the temperature was maintained at 140 degrees Fahrenheit the bread was quite fresh at the end of the period, but if the temperature was re duced to 122 degrees Fahrenheit a certain amount of staleness was discernible, the process becoming more rapid until a tem perature of about three degrees below freezing point was reached. Curiously enough, at lower temperatures than this the degree of staleness is reduced, until at a temperature of liquid air the bread is again perfectly fresh. On the strengh of these experiments it has been suggested that bread could be kept fresh till re quired for use by placing it in a fireless cooker immediately after removal from the oven. Some interesting facts in connection with the utilization of tin cans which are not generally know were recently referred to in Salvage, the official journal of the Sal vage Club. Large works for recovering the solder, tin and iron from old tin cans were established by a German company at several places in England long before the war, and one hundred and fifty thou sand tons of steel plates derived from this source were exported to Germany an nually for many years. No difficulty at taches to the process of recovering the sol der, which is melted off in special fur naces. The tin is not so easily removed, and various methods have been tried, in cluding the use of acids, chlorine, and caustic alkalis, the tin being afterwards recovered by an electro-plating. After being cleaned, the iron plates are formed into blocks of about one hundredweight each by hydraulic pressure. At first the tin was removed from the plates before they were shipped but latterly only the solder Yf as recovered, the tin being re moved in Germany by the chlorine pro cess, yeilding tetrachloride of silk, after its natural oil had been removed. BASEBALL The Truax & Swanson base ball team of Minneapolis, that was scheduled to play here on June 12th, failed to fill their en gagement, the Twin City Business Col lege ball tossers coming instead. The team was so late in arriving that it was necessary to call the game in the early chapters. By mutual consent between the managers it was decided to let the game go upon record, regardless of the number of innings played. At the end of the fourth inning the locals had collected a total of twelve scores to their opponent’s three. The locals started right off the reel to cinch the game if possible and to this end they were quite successful. Before the side had been retired they had accumu lated a total of hits that were good for twenty-one bases, which netted them a total of ten runs. Fourteen batsmen had faced the opponent’s pitcher before the side was retired. Rudolph, who had pitched the first inning for the visitors, was re lieved in the second frame by Diebler, who was able to hold the locals to only two hits for the remainder of the game, and the two scores made off his deliveries were due to errors by his team mates. San, who pitched for the locals, hurled a good class of ball although he was a little wild at times. The visitors scored their first run in the second frame on a base by balls, two stollen bases and a wild pitch. In the second frame they collected two more runs on a hit, a sacrifice a two bagger and an infield error. The locals have now played a total of seven games, including the unrecorded game with the Stillwater high school. They have won four, lost three, thus giv ing them a percentage of .571. The team now has a batting average of .259, and their fielding average is .846. O’N heads the list in both batting and fielding aver ages. He has been to bat eighteen times and pounded out nine hits, some of them for extra bases. His batting average is .500, while he comes clean with 1000 in fielding. Two or three other players stand 1000 in fielding, but they have not played in every game as O’N has. Visitors ab bh r po a e Wareham, ss 1 0 0 0 2 0 J. Lindgreen, 3b 2 0 1111 O’Connell, lb 2 10 3 11 B. Lindgreen, c 2 0 0 4 1 1 Nelson, 2b 10 1110 Staffels, cf 2 0 0 1 0 0 Chryst, rf 0 0 0 0 0 0 Diebler, If and p 10 0 10 0 Rudolph, p and If 11112 1 Totals 12 2 3 12 8 4 M. S. P. AB BH R PO A E Iver, ss 3 1 0 0 0 0 Bona, If 2 0 2 0 0 0 O’N, cf 3 3 3 1 0 0 Hick, lb 3 2 1 4 0 1 Loh, 2b and c 2 0 14 10 Fros 3b 3 2 2 1 1 0 Bil, rf 3 110 0 0 Burn, c 1112 0 0 San, p 2 110 3 1 Biers, 2b 1 0 0 0 0 0 Totals 23 11 12 12 5 2 Visitors 012 0 — 3 M. S. P. 10 1 1 o—l 2 Summary—Two base hits, Fros, 2; O’N, O’Connell. Three base hits, San, Hick, 2. Home runs, Burn. Left on bases, Visitors, 1, M.S.P., 1. First base on errors, Visi tors, 1, M.S.P., 1 Earned runs, Visitors, 1, M.S.P., 10. Sacrifice hits, Wareham. Hits off Rudolph, 10 in one inning, off Diebler, 2 in three innings, off San, 2. Struck out by Rudolph, 1, by Diebler, 3, by San, 6. Passed on balls by Rudolph, 1, by San, 2. Wild pitches,* by Rudolph, 1, by San, 1. Batsmen hit, by Rudolph,, Bona. Umpire, Mr. Glenn. LEAGUE CLUB STANDINGS Corrected June 17, 1920 AMERICAN ASSOCIATION Clubs Won Lost Pet. St. Paul 40 17 .702 Toledo 30 23 .566 Milwaukee 30 28 _ 517 Minneapolis 29 28 .509 Columbus 27 26 .509 Louisville 24 28 .462 Indianapolis 21 31 .404 y Kansas City 18 38 .321 NATIONAL LEAGUE / Clubs Won Lost Pet. Cincinnati 29 21 .580 j Brooklyn 28 21 .571 I St. Louis 29 23 .558 I Chicago 27 25 .519 Pittsburgh 23 22 .511 ; Boston 21 25 .457 New York 21 30 .412 Philadelphia 18 30 .375 AMERICAN LEAGUE Clubs Won Lost Pet. Cleveland 35 16 .686 New York 35 20 .636 Chicago 28 23 .549 v V Boston 25 23 .521 \ Washington : 24 25 .490 4 St. Louis 24 27 .471 J Detroit 18 33 .439 1 Philadelphia 16 38 .296 J r !