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Entered at the postoffice at Stillwater, Minne sota, as second-class mail matter. Thi Mirror is issued every Thursday at the following rates: One Year SI.OO Six Months .50 Three Months .25 To inmates of penal institutions per yr. .50 Address all communications to The Mirror, Stillwater, Minn. The Mirror is a weokly paper published in the Minnesota State Prison. It was founded In 1887 by the prisoners and is edited and managed by them. It aims to be a home news paper; to encourage moral and intellectual im provement among the prisoners; to acquaint the public with the true status of the prisoner; to disseminate penological information and to aid ii^dispelling that prejudice which has ever been the oar sinister to a fallen man’s self redemption. NOTICE TO INMATES Each inmate is accorded the privilege of sending one paper home, or to friends free of charge. To do this you should write your own name and register number and the name and address of the person you wish to send the paper to, and hand same to your officer. If you desire to send more than one paper, each additional copy will be charged lor at the rate of 50 cents a year. The paper delivered to your cell each week must be kept clean, and should be folded in the same manner as you receive it, placing it at the foot of your bed on the morning fol lowing the day on which it is delivered to your cell. CHURCH NOTICE Services in the Prison Chapel at nine o’clock every Sunday morning, Protestant and Catho lic service every alternate Sunday. Rev. 0. E. Benson and Rev. Fr. Corcoran, Chaplains. NOTlCE—Contributions submitted to The Mirror for publication must be absolutely original; if not original, proper credit must be given, if known; if writer's name is not known, it should be so specified by said con tributor. Should contributor fail to comply with this request he will henceforth be dropped from The Mirror’s contributing staff. Approved by Warden. —Editor. Promptness is the soul of business.— Chesterfield. An acre of performance is worth the whole world of promise.— Howell. “You can learn a little each day—un less you are one of those persons who know it all.” SAVINGS STAMPS BEING HELD Of the half million dollars worth of Thrift and War Savings Stamps pur chased during the war by the residents of Mower County, Minnesota, more than $350,000 still remain in the hands of the original purchasers. GEORGE WASHINGTON First President of United States Born February 22, 1732, at Bridge’s Creek, Virginia; Died December 14, 1799. We know all of Washington we shall ever know. His purity of purpose stands unimpeached; his steadfast earnestness and sterling honesty are our priceless exam ples. We love the man. We call him “Father.”— From Elbert Hubbard’s George JV'ashington Little Journey. JAMES RUSSELL LOWELL American Poet, Critic and Diplomat Born February 22, 1819, at Cambridge, Mass.; Died August 12, 1891. With the exception of Lincoln, Lowell accomplished more than any other man toward the freeing of the slaves. Lowell, at one time expressed himself in these w'ords: “My calling is clear to me. I am never lifted up to any peak of vision . . . but that when I look down in hope to see some valley of the Beautiful Moun tains, I behold blackened ruins, and the moans of the downtrodden the world over, but chiefly here in our land, come to my ear.” THE WEALTH OF NATIONS The estimated wealth of the United States today is three hundred billion dol lars, a gain of fifty billion since the out break of the Great War in 1914. It should not be thought, however, that this country alone profited during the war, for the estimated wealth of Great Britain is placed at two hundred and thirty billion, and increase of one hundred billion since 1914. This gain is due to the wealth ob tained through the acquisition of Mesopo tamia oil fields, the African territory taken from Germany and the free field left to Britain for the time being as the result of Germany’s elimination as a trade rival. Likewise the wealth of France, estimated at one hundred billion, has increased thirty-five billion since 1914. Italy and Belgium are reported to have added one third to their wealth and Japan about fifty per cent. On the other hand, Germany’s wealth is said to be down from eighty-five billion to about twenty billion while Austria is said to have dropped from forty billion to one billion.— Selected. MOTORS RUN ON MOLASSES From the lowly and sticky molasses is being produced “motor alcohol”—a sub stitute for gaoline. Discovered by J. P. Foster, chemist of one of the big sugar plantations on the Island of Maui, Ha waii, production w’ithin the next few months will be sufficient to furnish fuel for all cars on the islands should a gaso line shortage occur. According to the first reports of the new fuel brought to San Francisco “motor alcohol” gives more power, greater mileage, easier starting and more freedom from carbon than gaso line. It can be used without an adjust ment of the carburetor. The new fuel is performing in auto mobile, marine, stationary, truck and trac tor engines. In a 36-hour test made w T ith a 75-horse-power tractor the consumption of “motor alcohol” was four gallons an hour compared to four and a half gallons of gasoline in the same engine on the same work. Examination of the cylinders showed most of the old carbon deposit removed and the remainder so soft it could be removed with the fingers. Sugar plantations have been letting their molasses run to waste or burning it for the potash recovery. Nitrogen and phosphoric acid are also valuable by-pro duction of the new fuel is found to be more profitable than obtaining other by products. At present there is enough molasses available to produce 9,000,000 gallons of “motor alcohol”—enough to supply all automoblies in Hawaii. Development of this industry will release shipping space formerly used for transporting gasoline from the United States. — Ex. CROSS CURRENTS It was the people of Holland who first adopted the rooster as a medium for the weather vane, soon to be followed by Eng land, because of the incident in which the cock figured when the Apostle Peter denied his Lord. “As changeable as a weathercock,” is an old adage, which illustrates the swing ing of the vane. But because the vane may point to all four points of the wind has changed that many times from its original quarter. A man raking up the leaves on a lawn rakes with the wind. He has the leaves piled up and the wind is blowing steadily from the North. Then there is a sudden gust from the South, a cross-current, a whirling eddy, and the leaves are blown back over the lawn. But the man does not begin to rake tow-ard the North, for the wind is still in that quarter. He knows that the gust which drove the leaves back was merely a caprice of the breeze, and so he still rakes them again with the wind. It is only one of those happenings which occur in the day’s work, and which can be repaired by patient labor. In the cross-currents of life the same thing holds true. A man who has always lived a good, upright life may, in a moment of moral or physical weakness, give way to a sudden temptation. A cross-current has struck him and, for a time, faces him in the opposite direction to that in which he has been traveling. He may have thought too highly of his own ability to resist temptation. He may not have guarded his weak point as he should. He may have been in a boastful frame of mind, which always preceeds a fall. But even though he fell, he should not be re paired, although it will take time and patience and suffering. Many people are apt to say, when a man or woman, who up to that time has lived an exemplary life, makes a misstep, “Now we see him in his true character; all that has gone before was but a masquerade.” Oh for a little of that charity which was extended to Peter when, for a moment, he was swerved by a cross-cur rent! Why try to tear down and destroy a reputation which has been built up by years of right living? How much better it is to have sympathy for the one who has been caught in the cross-current amid the winds of life, and help him to steer straight again. Aviators will tell you that after climb ing to a great height and then flying with the wind, they will suddenly encounter a cross-current of air, which causes them to go tumbling from their course, sometimes to their destruction. If they can recover their equilibrium, they turn about and be gin the long, laborious climb to reach their former height again. If you have climbed to a height of moral attainment, if for years you have been a respected member of the community, if your face has always been set toward the sun, and you have been caught, in a cross current, faced about the other way, crushed to the earth, perhaps, and are sick and bleeding, don’t despair. It was probably your own fault that you fell, and you deserved the punishment that your act has caused you, but by your own efforts you can rise again to the heights you once attained. Yes, and you can go to sublimer heights, if you so will it. It will take time, the road will be full of discouragements and temptations to give up the fight, but you will win again if you will only press on. “One ship goes east, another west, By the selfsame winds that blow’; ’Tis the set of the sail, and not the gale That determines the way they go. Like the winds of the sea are the ways of fate, As we voyage along through life, ’Tis the set of the soul that decides the goal And not the calm, or the strife.” —Dearborn Independent. CHAUTAUQUA CIRCLE A regular meeting of the Pierian Chau tauqua Circle was held in the school room, Sunday afternoon February 13th, with eighteen members in attendance. Meeting called to order by Pres. O. and one new member seated, being assigned to Class D. One application for member ship was received and one referred to the membership committee. Minutes of the last regular and quar terly meeting were read and, after atten tion was called to an omission, and cor rection made, were approved by the mem bers. All library books belonging to the Cir cle having been brought in as requested a twenty minute period was devoted to making up a list so that members could select books most suited to their taste and research. As soon as the listing was com pleted, class leaders issued the desired volumes to their respective classes. The paper entitled “Investments and Savings,” read at the January 16th meet ing by Mr. B. B. having been held over for discussion, was brought before the members and various phases of the sub ject talked over. Mr. L. J. W., Class C, read a paper entitled, “Development of Transporta tion.” Mr. W’s. papers always abound with thoughtful logic and in handling the transportation subject his essay extended from the primitive to the present time with hints on what may be expected in the near future. A general discussion fol lowed in which all agreed that transpor tation is one of the most vital elements of national and international progress. Pres. O. announced that no papers would be read at the next meeting and assigned each member a topic for oral presentation on which not more than four minutes would be allowed to a theme. As a- variety of subjects were given out the next meeting will probably be a lively session. The critic’s report was given by Mr. W. O. and the meeting declared ad jounrned. —F. T. P., Secy. QUERIES NOTICE TO INMATES For the benefit of any inmates who appre ciate and see the opportunity that their spare hours give toward a means of self education through correspondent school courses, study of food literature, acquiring an education in our light Schools, or, who need helpful informa tion in connection with their work in our var ious departments, will herewith be privileged to use the “Query'’ column. You are wel come to send in any queries of serious interest to yourself, The Mirror with the kind col laboration of Miss Miriam E. Carey, Super visor of Institutional Libraries, will. gladly endeavor to supply the requested information. NOTICE—In order to regulate the conduct of this column inmates must sign their name, register number and lock number to all queries submitted for publication. Inmates names, of course, will not be published, only the initials of each querist being used. —Editor. Q: —I have been told that Washington was born prior to Feb. 22, and that the time has been changed since his birth. Is this true?—H. C. A:—The Gregorian calendar now used was not adopted in England until 1752, and at the time of its adoption there was a difference of 11 days between it and the old Julian calendar. Computing by the old calendar Washington’s birthday would be the 11th. Q: —What writings of Christ are avail able today?—C. T. A:—We have no authentic information of our Saviour Christ’s ever writing any thing excepting once in the sand. One tradition asserts that he wrote a letter to an African monarch, but there is no proof of it. None of the New Testament books claim to have been written by Him. The oldest existing Manuscripts of the New Testament date from the third century A. D. There are four of these which are known as uncial as Capital letter MSS. and are written on parchment in narrow col umns, generally four to the parchment width. One is, or w T as, at Petrograd, one in Oxford University, one in Paris, and one in Rome. There are-many later cur sive (or small letter) manuscripts. But much of the New Testament and more of the Old Testament may be gathered from early Christian writings dating from the Apostolic ages. Our English Bibles, Old and Revised Versions, are translated from the original languages. The Old Testa ment was most scrupulously preserved by the Jews down to the Christian era, and is translated directly from the original Hebrew and Chaldaic in our English ver sions. A valuable translation of the Old Testament into Greek made at Alexandria by seventy Jewish scholars, known as the Septuagint is o‘f great value to translators. Q: —Will you inform me if the finger print system of identification is considered infallible?—M. K. A:—This system is now usually con sidered to be the most accurate means of identification known. There is said to be about one chance in 64,000,000 of any two people’s finger prints being exactly alike. Q: —Is there any scripture which refers to the oath taken in court or other legal business affairs?—R. G. A:—The passage of scripture “But I say unto you swear not all” is taken by Quakers and other religious bodies as authority for refusing to take oath in a court of law. NOTICE—AII inmates using the Query Col umn and desiring more detailed information to their queries are invited to use the splendid reference books in our library to be had on request. The International Text Books are especially complete in their information on techinal subjects. Consult the Reference, Use ful Arts, Literature, Chemistry, Biography and Science divisions of our library catalogue for diversified subjects.