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The mirror. (Stillwater, Minn.) 1894-1925, February 17, 1921, Image 2

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90060762/1921-02-17/ed-1/seq-2/

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<gy iHtrror
Entered at the postoffice at Stillwater, Minne
sota, as second-class mail matter.
Thi Mirror is issued every Thursday at the
following rates:
One Year SI.OO
Six Months .50
Three Months .25
To inmates of penal institutions per yr. .50
Address all communications to
The Mirror,
Stillwater, Minn.
The Mirror is a weokly paper published in
the Minnesota State Prison. It was founded
In 1887 by the prisoners and is edited and
managed by them. It aims to be a home news
paper; to encourage moral and intellectual im
provement among the prisoners; to acquaint
the public with the true status of the prisoner;
to disseminate penological information and to
aid ii^dispelling that prejudice which has ever
been the oar sinister to a fallen man’s self
Each inmate is accorded the privilege of
sending one paper home, or to friends free of
charge. To do this you should write your
own name and register number and the name
and address of the person you wish to send
the paper to, and hand same to your officer.
If you desire to send more than one paper,
each additional copy will be charged lor at
the rate of 50 cents a year.
The paper delivered to your cell each week
must be kept clean, and should be folded in
the same manner as you receive it, placing it
at the foot of your bed on the morning fol
lowing the day on which it is delivered to
your cell.
Services in the Prison Chapel at nine o’clock
every Sunday morning, Protestant and Catho
lic service every alternate Sunday. Rev. 0. E.
Benson and Rev. Fr. Corcoran, Chaplains.
NOTlCE—Contributions submitted to The
Mirror for publication must be absolutely
original; if not original, proper credit must
be given, if known; if writer's name is not
known, it should be so specified by said con
tributor. Should contributor fail to comply
with this request he will henceforth be dropped
from The Mirror’s contributing staff.
Approved by Warden. —Editor.
Promptness is the soul of business.—
An acre of performance is worth the
whole world of promise.— Howell.
“You can learn a little each day—un
less you are one of those persons who
know it all.”
Of the half million dollars worth of
Thrift and War Savings Stamps pur
chased during the war by the residents of
Mower County, Minnesota, more than
$350,000 still remain in the hands of the
original purchasers.
First President of United States
Born February 22, 1732, at Bridge’s Creek,
Virginia; Died December 14, 1799.
We know all of Washington we shall
ever know. His purity of purpose stands
unimpeached; his steadfast earnestness and
sterling honesty are our priceless exam
ples. We love the man. We call him
“Father.”— From Elbert Hubbard’s George
JV'ashington Little Journey.
American Poet, Critic and Diplomat
Born February 22, 1819, at Cambridge,
Mass.; Died August 12, 1891.
With the exception of Lincoln, Lowell
accomplished more than any other man
toward the freeing of the slaves. Lowell,
at one time expressed himself in these
w'ords: “My calling is clear to me. I
am never lifted up to any peak of vision
. . . but that when I look down in hope
to see some valley of the Beautiful Moun
tains, I behold blackened ruins, and the
moans of the downtrodden the world over,
but chiefly here in our land, come to my
The estimated wealth of the United
States today is three hundred billion dol
lars, a gain of fifty billion since the out
break of the Great War in 1914. It should
not be thought, however, that this country
alone profited during the war, for the
estimated wealth of Great Britain is
placed at two hundred and thirty billion,
and increase of one hundred billion since
1914. This gain is due to the wealth ob
tained through the acquisition of Mesopo
tamia oil fields, the African territory taken
from Germany and the free field left to
Britain for the time being as the result
of Germany’s elimination as a trade rival.
Likewise the wealth of France, estimated
at one hundred billion, has increased
thirty-five billion since 1914. Italy and
Belgium are reported to have added one
third to their wealth and Japan about
fifty per cent.
On the other hand, Germany’s wealth
is said to be down from eighty-five billion
to about twenty billion while Austria is
said to have dropped from forty billion to
one billion.— Selected.
From the lowly and sticky molasses is
being produced “motor alcohol”—a sub
stitute for gaoline. Discovered by J. P.
Foster, chemist of one of the big sugar
plantations on the Island of Maui, Ha
waii, production w’ithin the next few
months will be sufficient to furnish fuel
for all cars on the islands should a gaso
line shortage occur. According to the first
reports of the new fuel brought to San
Francisco “motor alcohol” gives more
power, greater mileage, easier starting
and more freedom from carbon than gaso
line. It can be used without an adjust
ment of the carburetor.
The new fuel is performing in auto
mobile, marine, stationary, truck and trac
tor engines. In a 36-hour test made w T ith
a 75-horse-power tractor the consumption
of “motor alcohol” was four gallons an
hour compared to four and a half gallons
of gasoline in the same engine on the
same work. Examination of the cylinders
showed most of the old carbon deposit
removed and the remainder so soft it could
be removed with the fingers.
Sugar plantations have been letting
their molasses run to waste or burning it
for the potash recovery. Nitrogen and
phosphoric acid are also valuable by-pro
duction of the new fuel is found to be
more profitable than obtaining other by
At present there is enough molasses
available to produce 9,000,000 gallons of
“motor alcohol”—enough to supply all
automoblies in Hawaii. Development of
this industry will release shipping space
formerly used for transporting gasoline
from the United States. — Ex.
It was the people of Holland who first
adopted the rooster as a medium for the
weather vane, soon to be followed by Eng
land, because of the incident in which the
cock figured when the Apostle Peter denied
his Lord.
“As changeable as a weathercock,” is
an old adage, which illustrates the swing
ing of the vane. But because the vane
may point to all four points of the wind
has changed that many times from its
original quarter.
A man raking up the leaves on a lawn
rakes with the wind. He has the leaves
piled up and the wind is blowing steadily
from the North. Then there is a sudden
gust from the South, a cross-current, a
whirling eddy, and the leaves are blown
back over the lawn. But the man does
not begin to rake tow-ard the North, for
the wind is still in that quarter. He
knows that the gust which drove the leaves
back was merely a caprice of the breeze,
and so he still rakes them again with the
wind. It is only one of those happenings
which occur in the day’s work, and which
can be repaired by patient labor.
In the cross-currents of life the same
thing holds true. A man who has always
lived a good, upright life may, in a
moment of moral or physical weakness,
give way to a sudden temptation. A
cross-current has struck him and, for a
time, faces him in the opposite direction
to that in which he has been traveling.
He may have thought too highly of his own
ability to resist temptation. He may not
have guarded his weak point as he should.
He may have been in a boastful frame of
mind, which always preceeds a fall. But
even though he fell, he should not be re
paired, although it will take time and
patience and suffering.
Many people are apt to say, when a man
or woman, who up to that time has lived
an exemplary life, makes a misstep, “Now
we see him in his true character; all that
has gone before was but a masquerade.”
Oh for a little of that charity which
was extended to Peter when, for a
moment, he was swerved by a cross-cur
rent! Why try to tear down and destroy
a reputation which has been built up by
years of right living? How much better
it is to have sympathy for the one who
has been caught in the cross-current amid
the winds of life, and help him to steer
straight again.
Aviators will tell you that after climb
ing to a great height and then flying with
the wind, they will suddenly encounter a
cross-current of air, which causes them to
go tumbling from their course, sometimes
to their destruction. If they can recover
their equilibrium, they turn about and be
gin the long, laborious climb to reach their
former height again.
If you have climbed to a height of moral
attainment, if for years you have been a
respected member of the community, if
your face has always been set toward the
sun, and you have been caught, in a cross
current, faced about the other way,
crushed to the earth, perhaps, and are sick
and bleeding, don’t despair.
It was probably your own fault that
you fell, and you deserved the punishment
that your act has caused you, but by your
own efforts you can rise again to the
heights you once attained. Yes, and you
can go to sublimer heights, if you so will
it. It will take time, the road will be full
of discouragements and temptations to give
up the fight, but you will win again if
you will only press on.
“One ship goes east, another west,
By the selfsame winds that blow’;
’Tis the set of the sail, and not the gale
That determines the way they go.
Like the winds of the sea are the ways
of fate,
As we voyage along through life,
’Tis the set of the soul that decides the goal
And not the calm, or the strife.”
—Dearborn Independent.
A regular meeting of the Pierian Chau
tauqua Circle was held in the school
room, Sunday afternoon February 13th,
with eighteen members in attendance.
Meeting called to order by Pres. O. and
one new member seated, being assigned
to Class D. One application for member
ship was received and one referred to the
membership committee.
Minutes of the last regular and quar
terly meeting were read and, after atten
tion was called to an omission, and cor
rection made, were approved by the mem
All library books belonging to the Cir
cle having been brought in as requested
a twenty minute period was devoted to
making up a list so that members could
select books most suited to their taste and
research. As soon as the listing was com
pleted, class leaders issued the desired
volumes to their respective classes.
The paper entitled “Investments and
Savings,” read at the January 16th meet
ing by Mr. B. B. having been held over
for discussion, was brought before the
members and various phases of the sub
ject talked over.
Mr. L. J. W., Class C, read a paper
entitled, “Development of Transporta
tion.” Mr. W’s. papers always abound
with thoughtful logic and in handling the
transportation subject his essay extended
from the primitive to the present time
with hints on what may be expected in
the near future. A general discussion fol
lowed in which all agreed that transpor
tation is one of the most vital elements of
national and international progress.
Pres. O. announced that no papers
would be read at the next meeting and
assigned each member a topic for oral
presentation on which not more than four
minutes would be allowed to a theme. As
a- variety of subjects were given out the
next meeting will probably be a lively
The critic’s report was given by Mr.
W. O. and the meeting declared ad
—F. T. P., Secy.
For the benefit of any inmates who appre
ciate and see the opportunity that their spare
hours give toward a means of self education
through correspondent school courses, study of
food literature, acquiring an education in our
light Schools, or, who need helpful informa
tion in connection with their work in our var
ious departments, will herewith be privileged
to use the “Query'’ column. You are wel
come to send in any queries of serious interest
to yourself, The Mirror with the kind col
laboration of Miss Miriam E. Carey, Super
visor of Institutional Libraries, will. gladly
endeavor to supply the requested information.
NOTICE—In order to regulate the conduct
of this column inmates must sign their name,
register number and lock number to all queries
submitted for publication. Inmates names, of
course, will not be published, only the initials
of each querist being used. —Editor.
Q: —I have been told that Washington
was born prior to Feb. 22, and that the
time has been changed since his birth. Is
this true?—H. C.
A:—The Gregorian calendar now used
was not adopted in England until 1752,
and at the time of its adoption there was
a difference of 11 days between it and the
old Julian calendar. Computing by the
old calendar Washington’s birthday
would be the 11th.
Q: —What writings of Christ are avail
able today?—C. T.
A:—We have no authentic information
of our Saviour Christ’s ever writing any
thing excepting once in the sand. One
tradition asserts that he wrote a letter to
an African monarch, but there is no proof
of it. None of the New Testament books
claim to have been written by Him. The
oldest existing Manuscripts of the New
Testament date from the third century A.
D. There are four of these which are
known as uncial as Capital letter MSS. and
are written on parchment in narrow col
umns, generally four to the parchment
width. One is, or w T as, at Petrograd, one
in Oxford University, one in Paris, and
one in Rome. There are-many later cur
sive (or small letter) manuscripts. But
much of the New Testament and more of
the Old Testament may be gathered from
early Christian writings dating from the
Apostolic ages. Our English Bibles, Old
and Revised Versions, are translated from
the original languages. The Old Testa
ment was most scrupulously preserved by
the Jews down to the Christian era, and
is translated directly from the original
Hebrew and Chaldaic in our English ver
sions. A valuable translation of the Old
Testament into Greek made at Alexandria
by seventy Jewish scholars, known as the
Septuagint is o‘f great value to translators.
Q: —Will you inform me if the finger
print system of identification is considered
infallible?—M. K.
A:—This system is now usually con
sidered to be the most accurate means of
identification known. There is said to be
about one chance in 64,000,000 of any two
people’s finger prints being exactly alike.
Q: —Is there any scripture which refers
to the oath taken in court or other legal
business affairs?—R. G.
A:—The passage of scripture “But I
say unto you swear not all” is taken by
Quakers and other religious bodies as
authority for refusing to take oath in a
court of law.
NOTICE—AII inmates using the Query Col
umn and desiring more detailed information to
their queries are invited to use the splendid
reference books in our library to be had on
request. The International Text Books are
especially complete in their information on
techinal subjects. Consult the Reference, Use
ful Arts, Literature, Chemistry, Biography and
Science divisions of our library catalogue for
diversified subjects.

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