Entered at the postoffice at Stillwater, Minne
sota, as second-class mail matter.
The Mirror is issued every Thursday at the
’ following rales:
One Year SI.OO
Six Months .50
Three Months .25
To inmates of penal institutions per yr. .50
Address all communications to
The Mirror is a weekly paper published in
the Minnesota State Prison. It was founded
in 1887 by the prisoners and is edited and
managed by them. It aims'to be a home news
paper; to encourage moral and intellectual im
provement among the prisoners; to acquaint
the public with the true status of the prisoner
to disseminate penological information and to
aid in dispelling that prejudice which has ever
been the bar sinister to a fallen man’s self
NOTICE TO INMATES
Each inmate is accorded the privilege of
sending one paper home, or to friends free of
charge. To do this you should write your
own name and register number and the name
and address of the person you wish to send
the paper to, and hand same to your officer.
If you desire to send more than one paper,
each additional copy will be charged for at
the rate of 50 cents a year.
The pa tier delivered to your cell each week
must be kept clean, anti should be folded in
the same manner as you receive it, placing it
at the foot of your bed on the morning fol
lowing the day on which it is delivered to
Services in the Prison Chapel at nine o’clock
every Sunday morning, Protestant and Catho
lic service every alternate Sunday. Rey. C. E.
Benson and Rev. Fr. Corcoran, Chaplains.
NOTICE —Contributions submitted to The
Mirror for publication must be absolutely
original; if not original, proper credit must
be given,.if known; if writer’s name is not
known, it sliotild be so specified by said con
tributor. Should contributor fail to comply
with this request he will henceforth be dropped
from The Mirror’s contributing staff.
Approved by Warden. —Editor.
“Nice juicy Turkey may be a powerful
incentive to Thanksgiving, yet is not neces
sary w'hen there is genuine appreciation of
the real blessings of the year.”
Irresolution on the schemes of life, which
offer themselves to our choice, and incon
stancy in permitting them, are the greatest
causes of all our unhappiness.— Addison.
Man is unjust, but God js just; and fin
ally justice triumphs.— Longfellow, r
THIS DAY, Thanksgiving, is a recog
nition of God and His Mercies. Thanks
giving is an institution. Because it was
born of the gratitude of sturdy human
souls it has withstood the vicissitudes of
three hundred years. And it will con
tinue to live while the republic endures.
Thanksgiving is as solid as Plymouth
Rock, where is was cradled in the midst
of hardships and nourished in the name
of religious freedom.
One hundred and sixtv-eight years after
the members of the little Plymouth Rock
colony and Massasoit’s ninety braves
feasted in the out-of-doors on wild turkey,
vension, cornbread and fruits of the field,
George Washington wrote the first presi-
dential proclamation. In it he recom-
mended that “Thursday, the 26th day of
November next (1789), be devoted by the
people of these States to the service of that
great and glorious Being who is the benefi
cent author of all the good that was, that
is, or that will be.”
Seventy-four years after Washington
gave official presidential recognition to
Thanksgiving Day, Abraham Lincoln
' sanctified it. In 1863, though in the tur
moil of civil war, he did not forget. Out
of the gratitude of his great, full soul he
“The year that is drawing to a close
has been filled with the blessings of fruit
ful fields and healthful skies. To these
bounties, which are so constantly enjoyed
that we are inclined to forget the source
from which they came, others have been
added which are of so extraordinary a
nature that they cannot fail to penetrate
and soften even the heart which is habit
ually insensible to the ever-watchful provi
dence of Almighty God .... No human
counsel hath devised nor hath any mortal
hand worked out these great things. They
are the gracious gifts of the Most High
God, who, while dealing with us in anger
for our sins, hath nevertheless remembered
This republic has been fortunate in its
great, God-fearing leaders. They have
set up a government on a foundation of
faith, simple but unshakable. We have
had our Marne miracles. In our helpless
ness we have floundered around for ex
planations, forgetful that “no human coun
sel hath devised nor hath any mortal hand
forked out these gerat things.”
Again, as in Lincoln’s day, the year that
is drawing to a close ha\ been filled with
the blessings of fruitful fields and health
ful skies. While the far-away world is
still suffering from shell shock, Americans
are getting back to steady-mindedness and
sober thinking. An overwhelming major
ity of the people have turned their
thoughts toward the Americanism of the
nation’s immortals. We have a leader
who believes that our sure path is the
American path; one who does not believe
“the wisdom of Washington and Jefferson
and Hamilton is to be ignored, or the chiv
alry of Lee or the magnanimity of Grant is
to be forgotten. Nor can the supreme belief
of Lincoln in upion and nationality be for
gotten, or the outstanding Americanism of
Roosevelt to stir our hearts.”
Thanksgiving turns hearts toward home,
the birthplace and everlasting citadel of
American freedom. Around the hearth
stones of this nation God and His great
mercies have always found humble recog
nition. In these sanctuaries of faith the
American spirit is safe for all time. The
sanctity of this day, is as secure in the
souls of Christian American people as the
Strmon on the Mount.— Ex.
SECRETARY HUGHES’ ADDRESS
The following excerpts taken from
Secretary Hughes’ address, delivered at
the opening of the Disarmament Congress,
cover in a very few words the aims of
“We not only have the lessons of the
past to guide us, not only do we have the
reaction from the disillusioning experiences
of war, but we must meet the challenge
of imperative economic demands. What
was convenient or highly desirable before,
is now a matter of vital necessity. If
there is to be economic rehabilitation, if
the longings for reasonable progress are
not to be denied, if we are to be spared
the uprisings of peoples made desperate in
the desire to shake off burdens no longer
endurable, competition in armament must
* # *
“We can no longer content ourselves
with investigations, with statistics, with
reports, with the circumlocution of inquiry.
The essential facts are sufficiently known.
The time is come, and this conference has
been called not for general resolutions or
mutual advice, but for action.
“We meet with full understanding that
the aspirations of mankind are not to be
defeated either by plausible suggestions of
postponement or by impracticable counsels
of perfection. Power and responsibility
are here and the world awaits a practica
ble program which shall at once be put
TO POTATO, SHIPPERS
Attention has been called to the fact that
potato shippers are using straw to line
cars in which potatoes are being shipped.
This does not seem to be worth public
mention, but owing to the fact that straw
thus shipped from the Red River Valley
is quite likely to contain Sow thistle seeds,
the matter is of importance. The result
is obvious. These cars are billed to var
ious parts of Minnesota and to parts in
ether states. The straw is scattered from
the car at the unloading points and tne
burlap bags are likely to harbour thistle
seeds. The thistle seeds become scattered
and produce plants for new infestations.
This practice should not continue. The
potato shippers should use marsh hay
which is usually about 100 per cent free
of weed seeds.
The state is now trying to control the
spread of noxious weeds. The work
necessarily incurs expense. Let us not
enhance the spread of weeds and add to
the expense by thoughtless methods. The
county agents, school teachers, bankers
and all others interested or who shall be
interested should call attention f to this
practice and advise shippers against the
use of straw and urge the use of -hay.
Those who buy should request that hay
be used to “bed” the cars. No one wishes
to see these weed pests scattered freely,
but we all are, at times, guilty of acting
without thought of the possible conse
quences. The Sow and th? Canada this
tles have already cost us much extra loss
of crops, cost of production and incon
venience. Let us not add to these, but on the
ether hand, use every precaution to prevent
the further spread of these noxious weeds.
C. P*. BULL,
State Weed Inspector,
Dept, of Agriculture.
A regular meeting of the Pierian Chau
tauqua Circle was held in the school room,
Sunday afternoon, November 20th, Pres.
W. J. McC. presiding. Attendance fifteen,
absent one, dropped from the roll one, ad
mitted (o membership one. In commemor
ation of the Circle’s esteem for the staunch
friend lost by death, a year ago, the name
of an absent one, Honorary Member J. W.
Backland, was called. The response came
back, “Gone, but not forgotten.” The
verses, reproduced below, prepared and
recited by Mr. A. R. G., express, as nearly
as mere words can, the Circle’s remem
"GONE BUT'NOT forgotten"
Graved deep on memories scroll,
Friend of our brighter hours.
Is the name that heads our roll
Yea! ’tis thine, friend of ours,
Faded and gone are the flowers
That were laid o’er thy grave.
But well do w f e recall the hours
Spent with thee. Hours we crave.
Many an eye was dimmed with tears,
As thou dids’t dying lay.
And eyes that had not wept for years,
Still weep for thee today.
Thou for whom there was naught but
In all thy days on earth.
Thou who had in all thy ways,
Proved thy sterling worth.
Thou are gone, but friend of ours
Memory loves thee still.
Friend of our best, brightest hours,
Memory always will.
The routine of reading and approval of
minutes, and exchange of library books
was followed by a few words of welcome
from Pres. McC. to the newly seated mem
ber and presentation of two books,
“Oratory”, by Beecher and “The Land of
the Blue Flower,” by Barnett, to Messrs.
I. and G. as awards for the best papers
in the recent contest.
A discussion of the paper, “Aerial
Transportation,” carried over from the
last meeting, was held. Actualities, proba
bilities, possibilities and hypothetical sur
mises were so closely interwoven that its
eventual status must be left for time and
ingenuity to settle.
A paper entitled, “Commercial Selling,”
was read by Mr. M. V. H. While this
title covered a general subject Mr. H.
admirably confined his paper to the specific
phase of the subject he was treating and
illustrated his arguments ( with aptly ap
plied extracts from various selling organi
' nations. The discussion that followed be
came so general that the purport of'Mr.
H’s. paper became lost in a maze of
psychology and chimerical conjectures.
A debate on the following subject was
arranged for the Dec. 4th meeting. Re
solved: “That the United States does not
need a powerful navy, and that all ex
penditures, beyond a small sum to provide
a few vessels for peace service, is money
wasted.” Affirmative—Messrs. 8., F., H.
and M. Negative—Messrs. G., G., P.
The critic’s report was given by Mr.
M. G. in his usual clear, concise manner.
A few cheerful words and a favorable
comment on the paper read was followed
by an earnest request that the discussions
adhere more closely to the subject before
the Circle, at least that abstruse, ambigu
ous and unanswerable questions, leading
nowhither, should not be introduced and
time lost by trying to solve profundities
outside the particular theme treated in the
papers read. , ,
A motion to adjourn was carried and
meeting dismissed. t
NOTICE TO INMATES
For the benefit of any inmates who appre
ciate and see the opportunity that their spare
hours give toward a means of self education
through correspondence school courses, study of
good literature, acquiring an education in our
Night Schools, or, who need helpful informa
tion' in connection with their work in our var
ious departments, will herewith be privileged
to use the “Query” column. You are wel
come to send in any queries of serious interest
to yourself, The Mirror with the kind col
laboration of Miss Miriam E. Cary, Super
visor of Institutional Libraries, will gladly
en to supply the requested information.
NOTICE—In order to regulate the conduct
of this column inmates must sign their name
register number and lock number to all queries
submitted for publication. Inmates names, of
course, will not be published, only the initials
of each querist being used.—Editor.
Q:—Where can I get the book of Men
del’s Law pertaining to plant and animal
A:—Webster’s New International Dic
tionary gives a brief statement of the prin
ciples of Mendel’s Law. •
Q: —Have the following towns weekly
papers? If so kindly let me know: Wau
kegan, 111.; Manitowoc, Wis.; Kenosha,
Wis.; Marquette, Mich.; Wabeno, Wis.;
Green Bay, Wis.; Sturgeon Bay, Wis.—
A: —Waukegan, 111., no weekly papers;
Manitowoc, Wis., Pilot, $1.50 per year;
Kenosha, Wis., Telegraph Courier, SI.OO
per year; Wabeno, Wis., Northern Wis.
Advertiser, $1.50 per year; Green Bay,
Wis., Landsmann (German) SI.OO per
year; Sturgeon qjßay, Wis., Door County
Advocate, $2.00 per year; Door County
News, $2.00 per year.
Q • —How old is the Minnesota state
prison ?—C. E. v
A:—The first prison was built in 1851,
seventy years ago.
Q: — any of the Bridgeport, Conn,
papers permitted?—L. F. H.
A:—Advocate (weekly); Bridgeport
Q: —To settle a dispute w'ill you kindly*
state how many feet high the water tower
is for this institution.—S. F.
A:—To the peak of the water tower is
J4B feet, to the highest water-level 116
feet. There are two water tanks in the
tower, the one for domestic use having a
capacity of 42,000 gallons, while the one
for our fire protection system is 75,000
NOTICE—AII inmates using the Query Col
umn and desiring more detailed information to
their queries are invited to use the splendid
reference books in our library to be had on
request. The International Text Books are
especially complete in their information on
technical subjects. Consult the Reference, Use
ful Arts, Literature, Chemistry, Biography and
Science divisions of our library catalogue for
—F. T. P., Secy,
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