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The mirror. (Stillwater, Minn.) 1894-1925, December 08, 1921, Image 1

Image and text provided by Minnesota Historical Society; Saint Paul, MN

Persistent link: https://chroniclingamerica.loc.gov/lccn/sn90060762/1921-12-08/ed-1/seq-1/

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Established 1887
By Alexandre Dumas
44 TV LL for one; and one for all!”
JJk This was the oath of the
‘ * four comrades: of d’Artag
nan, the young guardsman, and of
Athos, Porthos and Aramis, the Three
Only three months had d’Artagnan
been in Paris, yet already he was the
chosen companion of the noblesMhree
in M. de Treville’s picked company of
musketeers, in the service of Louis
XIII. A true Gascon, fiercely proud,
ready to fight at a word, the 'eighteen
year-old provincial had won the re
spect of the glorious three by challeng
ing them, and their friendship by help
ing them to drive off the cardinal’s
guards who would have arrested them
for dueling. Indeed, this latter ex
ploit had won for d’Artagnan more
than a glance from the king himself,
who was not displeased to see Riche
lieu’s men worsted by his own.
At Meung, even before reaching
Paris, d’Artagnari had had an honor
able encounter, his adversary being a
tall, commanding stranger of olivine
complexion and scarred on the cheek.
A beautiful woman had accompanied
this man. Both their faces were
-tamped en d’Artugnan’s mes.ie;y.
Before he could be admitted to the
musketeers, d’Artagnan was to serve
probation as a guardsman; but already
he was a musketeer in spirit and his
comrades longed as keenly as he for
the day when he would be allowed to
join their company. Athos, Porthos
and Aramis'were alike only in soldier
ly qualities. Athos was of noble bear
ing, and when he was drunk, he would
talk of a secret sorrow; Porthos was
a great lover of ladies, and declared
that his conquests would bring his
downfall; Aramis, who had friends in
the church and a sweetheart at court,
pretended that he was only temporari
ly a musketeer, and would willingly
change his plumed hat for a monk’s
cowl when the time came.
One day d’Artagnan’s landlord,
Bonancieux, burst into the room with
news that Madame Bonancieux, a
pretty seamstress in the service of the
queen, had just been abducted. From
the landlord’s description d’Artagnan
recognized the abductor as his man of
Meung, and was anxious to help, the
more so when he learned that the ob
ject of the abduction was to force the
lady to tell what she knew of the love
affair between the queen and George
Villiers, Duke of Buckingham, who
was coming secretly to Paris.
It was in their resolve to protect
Madame Bonancieux, for whom the
impressionable d’Artgnan had sudden
ly conceived an undying affection,
that the four comrades came together
in their oath.
“Remember,” said Aramis, “hence
forth we are at issue with the Cardi
Aided by d’Artagnan, who fought
off the Cardinal’s officers, the lady
contrived to escape. He declared his
love for her, but she would promise
nothing. Next time he saw her she
was conducting the Duke of Bucking
ham, disguised as a musketeer, toward
the royal palace. If d’Artagnan had
followed he would have learned that
the queen did indeed love Bucking
ham, but was loyal to the king. As a
token she gave Buckingham twelve
diamond studs the king had given her.
A spy reported this to Richelieu,
who saw in it an opportunity to attack
the king, the queen and the duke all
at once. First Richelieu asked the
king to give a ballet for the queen and
to ask her to wear the diamond studs,
and then he sent a message to Lady de
Winter in London, telling her to steal
two of the studs from Buckingham.
Learning of this plot through Ma
dame Bonancieux, d’Artagnan re
solved to serve both his lady and his
queen by recovering the jewels. For
London the four comrades set out.
Beset by the Cardinal’s men on the
road, three were wounded, and only
d’Artagnan reached London. There
was just time to replace the stolen
studs and return to Paris, which
d’Artagnan reached on the night of
the ballet, foiling Richelieu’s plot.
He now set out to find his com
rades, Porthos he found in bed at an
inn, Aramis disputing with doctors of
theology, and Athos drunk in a wine
cellar, airing his secret sorrow and
defying the landlord to eject him. 11l '
his youth, Athos confessed, he had
been tricked into marriage with a
beautiful fiend, who, he later discov
ered, carried on her shoulder the ex
ecutioner’s brand, the fleur de lys.
Horror stricken, he had slain her.
In church next day d’Artagnan’s
eye was caught by a very beautiful
lady whom he recognized as the one
who had been with the stranger at
Meung. Following her from the
church, he saw her talking with an
Englishman, and drawing close he
heard her call this man her brother
in-law, Lord de Winter.
D’Artagnan fell deeply in love with
Lady de Winter, but his ardor cooled
when he learned that she was a car
dinalist plotter. By a trick he ob
tained from her a sapphire ring, which
he showed to Athos.
“Where did you get this?” cried
Athos. “It was my mother’s.”
D’Artagnan told him.
“Renounce that woman,” said
Athos. “She is a fatal creature.”
That night d’Artagnan accused
Lady de Winter of treachery. She
rushed upon him and in avoiding her
blow he pulled her dress from her
There was the executioner’s brand
—the fleur de lys.
At this time the war between Eng
land and France was at its height and
the siege of la Rochelle was begin
ning. Richelieu, learning all that
d’Artagnan had done, tried to buy
him into his own service. D’Artag
nan refused, knowing that refusal
might cost him his life. The Three
Musketeers set out now to discover
the cardinal’s next move. Eavesdrop
ping, they heard Richelieu instruct
Lady de Winter to go to London and
there tell Buckingham to order that
Stillwater, Minnesota, Thursday, December 8, 1921.
4Nib» i&.
the English surrender, warning him
that if the war Continued Richelieu
would expose the queen. If Buck
ingham refused, he was to be assas
sinated. For her part, the lady asked
Richelieu for the death of d’Artag
nan, who knew her- secret, and of
Madame Bonancieux, who had
thwarted her so often.
Half an hour later Athos was alone
with the woman.
“The Count de la Fere,” she cried,
deathly pale.
Yes, my lady,” said Athos. “You
thought me dead, as I thought you
dead, and the name of Athos con
cealed the Count de la Fere, as the
name of Lady de Winter concealed
Anne de Breuil.”
Athos took from his false wife the
carte blanche passport Richelieu had
given her and sent her to the coast,
where a boat waited to take her to
England. She could not disobey,
knowing that Athos could expose her.
Back to the siege the four comrades
then went, and, in order to be to
gether to discuss their plans, they
spent an hour in the Bastion of St.
Gervais, withstanding all assaults. Be
tween attacks they talked, and as a re
sult they sent messages to Lord de
Winter, exposing his false sister-in
law and heiress, and to an influential
friend of Aramis, asking for the name
of the- convent where Madame
Bonancieux was confined.
Thus on her arrival in England
Lady de Winter was seized and im
prisoned in her brother-in-law’s cas
tle; but, exercising her wiles upon
her young jailer, she contrived to
escape, and so poisoned the jailer’s ears
against Buckingham that he was ready
to do her deadly work. Sent by de
Winter as a messenger to the duke, he
plunged a dagger into Buckingham’s
side. De Winter arrived in London
one minute too late to save the duke,
but a messenger from Paris was just
in time to deliver to Buckingham the
queen’s pledge of love. He died with
the queen’s name on his lips.
Now Madame de Winter had fled
to France —to the convent of Bethune,
where Madame Bonancieux was. By
poison she accomplished her purpose,
and when d’Artagnan and his com
rades arrived at the convent they
found the body of the pretty seam
stress. They set out in pursuit of the
.murderess, and when they found her
they held a formal trial and con
demned her to death. An executioner
was found—the very man who had
put the brand upon her shoulder years
The next day d’Artagnan was ar
rested and taken before the cardinal,
his captor being none other than his
“man of Meung,” who now called
himself the Chevalier dc Rochefort.
D’Artagnan told the cardinal of the
crimes of Lady de Winter, and final
ly produced the cardinal’s own pass
port, absolving the bearer.
Admiration overcame anger in the
cardinal. Instead of ordering d’Ar
tagnan’s imprisonment, he wrote out
there and then a lieutenant’s commis
sion in the Musketeers. (Page s.Coi.t)
Vol. XXXV: No. 19
By Mr. L. J. W.
THE development of commercial
aerial transportation represents
an inversion of the ordinary laws
of progress. The growth of the rail
way and ship as carriers of goods and
passengers, followed the line of slow
progress from small beginnings, and
during that progress each step in
technical development was designed
to meet some new commercial need.
By a mere co-incidence the World
War broke out at a time when the
science of aeronautics was, if not in
its infancy, at least in its childhood.
The problem of speed, weight-carry
ing, stability, and navigation have
been worked out under the stern and
arduous conditions of military exper
ience. Not thus were the railway and
ship tested before their respective com
mercial possibilities were established,
they are of course, factors of military
value with a commercial past behind
them, while aircraft, brought sudden
ly to a high state of technical develop
ment, must look to the future to pass
the test and satisfy the standards of
commercial transportation.
The outstanding features of "the use
of the air for commercial transporta
tion T*' r :k*. the imagination at once,
namely, speed and the absence of a
track, it may safely be said, that sub
ject to the limit of the weight which
can be carried by aircraft, the average
speed of air-borne traffic will in a few
years be three or more times that of
any traffic carried on land or water at
least over distances reckoned in hun
dreds of miles. Such a prediction is
based on the use of aeroplanes, but
''even in the case of an airship, which
may be said to occupy a half-way pos
ition between the aeroplane and the
train, the comparatively heavy load
carried will generally be transported
at a greater speed than would be pos
sible in any form of land conveyance.
The absence of a track means more
than would a mere removal of hedges,
trees, and other obstructions which in
a Utopian age might conceivably form
part of a process for rendering the
whole countryside a universal high
way. It is a truism to refer to the un
limited room afforded by the air space
in two dimensions, but a truism which
it is well to emphasize in our con
ception of the air as capable of com
mercial use. A railway with six
tracks which could be used for six
different kinds of traffic would not
rival in its facilities an ordinary over
land air route of the future, except in
the matter of weight carrying.
We are apt to think of transporta
tion in terms of life here in America
with all that civilization has brought
us. From this standpoint we inquire,
what will be the effect of aerial trans
portation on our habits? Shall we
visit our friends in the country by
aeroplane, and shall we avoid the
miseries of deep sea crossing by ship,
and take a through flight to London
or Paris? Will the frequent passage
of air-craft affect the (Page»,Ooi.3)
tail ; lilCks

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