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The Catholic bulletin. [volume] (St. Paul, Minn.) 1911-1995, January 07, 1911, Image 1

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'1 LETTER OF THE MOST
& REVEREND ARCHBISHOP
In Approval of The Catholie Bulletin.
To the Clergy and the Laity of the
*t Archdiocese of St. Paul:
•&*' Beloved brethren: In the early
3^ days of the new year, a new messen-
V«er of Catholic truth, a new advocate
and defender of your holy faith, appeals
to you for a cordial welcome to your
homes, for an earnest and loyal sup
port in the purposes it holds in view,
in the work to which it consecrates
itself—"The Catholic Bulletin," edited
by Rev. James M. Reardon, of St. Paul.
To "The Catholic Bulletin" I give
my full approval. I will follow it in
its onward career with deep interest.
I will do everything within my reach
to increase its power and influence,
f,' And what I do in this regard, I trust
the clergy and the laity of the Yrch
diocese will strive to do.
If I am so ready to encourage and
commend "The Catholic Bulletin," it
is because I have confidence in it
it is because I am convinced it will
be at all times what it professes to
{$be—a Catholic journal, devoted to the
interests of religion, serving those in
terests, to the exclusion of all else,
earnestly, intelligently, disinterestedly.
The benefits, intellectual and spir
itual, to be had week after week from
close acquaintanceship with the pages
of a Catholic journal, need not be com
mented upon. The press is today a
most valuable agency in the dis
semination of instruction, whatever
the branch of knowledge in which the
instruction is given or received. Why
should not the press be put to profit,
and most extensively so, in behalf of
religion? The pastor of souls, who
does not labor to put a Catholic jour
nal in every household of his parish,
,t cuts off from his Catechism-class and
E his pulpit a most efficient auxiliary
the Catholic who is not a reader of
a Catholic journal, is without zeal for
the growth of Catholic life in his own
mind and heart, without zeal in pro
viding himself with arms to defend
before the world his Catholic belief
the Catholic parent who does not put
into the hands of his child a Catholic
paper is sadly neglectful of his obli
gation to use every means to educate
his''child into the fullness Catholic
u£e and Catholic spirit.
i
41
I
ie
fJ
Knowing as I do the Catholics of
I the Archdiocese of St. Paul, I do not
hesitate to promise to "The Catholic
Bulletin" their warmest support. I
should be disappointed, and sorely
pained, if, glancing, within the coming
few months, over the list of sub
scribers to "The Catholic Bulletin," I
do not discover that few are the Catho
lics in the Archdiocese of St. Paul
whose names are not there inscribed.
To the Catholics of the Archdiocese,
Without exception, I say: Subscribe
to a Catholic newspaper, whichever
one you choose. "The Catholic Bulle
tin," or any other you may prefer as
'more suited to your particular need
or taste. To Catholics who heretofore
have been without a Catholic paper,
or who can afford, as nearly all can,
to add to the one they are already
receiving, "The Catholic Bulletin," I
say subscribe to "The Catholic Bulle
tin," so many features of which com
mend it in a very special manner to
the Catholics of the Northwest.
Other Bishops of the Province of St.
Paul have pledged their support to
"The Catholic Bulletin," and so, we
foresee for its activities a wide and
i\ fertile field even now we cangratu
late it on the success in store for it,
i on the knightly deeds it is to do for
God and for souls.
I beg leave to ask that pastors com
mend to their parishioners "The Cath­
olic Bulletin," and see that in the sev
i\ eral parishes one or more agents be
chosen to gather to it readers and
subscribers.
JOHN IRELAND,
I Archbishop of St. Paul.
St. Paul, January 1,1911.
^CATHOLICS IN PUBLIC OFFICE.
America comments as follows on the
movement for Catholic representatives
in public office: "In view of complaints
sometimes urged that an apparent dis
crimination is being exercised against
the Catholics of this country in the
matter of holding public office, it may
be just as well to recall a fact not suffi
ciently noted. If our co-religionists
have failed to secure a due proportion
of offices in the various departments of
the government, they are largely them
selves to blame. The Civil Service
system has been extended so far in
this country as to include positions
paying salaries as high as $4,000 in
many branches of our govenment, and
these positions are open to competition.
The Consular Service is now on a
Civil Service basis, and almost all the
positions in the Forestry division and
in our Insular possessions as well.
The secretaries of our embassies and
legations are now appointed after ex
aminations. We think it advisable
that our Catholic colleges should have
departments for the guidance and in
struction of pupils who are ambitious
for a career in the government service.
In the Catholic schools of the British
Empire classes for pupils wishing to
compete for the Civil Service are a
leading feature. In France, too, and
Belgium, the Catholic youth find oppor
tunity in Catholic schools to fit them
selves for examinations required before
entrance into governmental service.
The National Civil Service Board in
Washington will, it is known, gladly
furnish information to those interested
ill this subject."
1 tr-i
FERRER AS AN "EDUCATOR"
In the second of his two articles on
the Ferrer case in "McClure's Maga
zine" (Oct., 1910, p. 241, col. 2) Mr.
William Archer declares that the no
torious Spanish anarchist was "not the
least among the victims of obscurant
ism, the martyrs of progress." When
I read this amazing assertion, I was
immediately reminded of the well
known exhortation of Samuel Johnson,
'endeavor to clear your minds of cant."
And I could not help thinking that
Carlyle exaggerated less than usual
when he called caht "a double dis
tilled lie the second power of a lie."
Of all the canting catchwords of to
day, "progress" is probably the most
superficial and the most deadly. It is
Mr.. Chesterton who observes that the
cry of the modern man for progress is
usually equivalent to: "Let us not set
tle what is good but let us settle
whether we are getting more of it."
Among other meanings progress de
notes movement but it is too often
loosely taken to mean movement away
from what we have to an indefinite
something that we have never taken
the trouble to conceive clearly, much
less to define precisely. The import
ant thing seems to be movement what
the end may be does not seem to
matter.
In all seriousness I ask, how can Mr.
Archer, who is not of the unthinking
crowd that plays with shibboleths, call
Ferrer a "victim of obscurantism, a
martyr of progress?" Obscurantism
means opposition to enlightenment,
while progress is not progress unless
it denotes improvement. Assume that
the "malignantly stupid" Spanish
judges condemned Ferrer not so much
because they believed him guilty of
the offence with which he was charged,
as because they hated and feared his
ideas and his teaching. Did that teach
ing make for true enlightenment, and
genuine improvement? Let us con
sider it for a moment in its main as
pects and tendencies, meantime en
deavoring "to clear our minds of cant."
What I may call the "Ferrer tradition"
represents him as mainly if not mere
ly a schoolmaster, a provider of
schools for a people 50 per cent, of
whom, says Mr. Archer, are illiterate.
Had Mr. Archer consulted a recent
authority, for example, "La Estadistica
Escolar de Eipuna," the official report
on this subject for 1908, he would
have found that the percentage of
illiteracy is now only 30. That is,
indeed, exceptionally high among en
lightened nations moreover, the
schools in Spain are badly equipped,
the teachers poorly paid, and the in
struction considerably below a desira
ble degree of efficiency. A partial ex
planation of these conditions is to be
found in the fact that so large a pro
portion of the Spanish population is in
country districts, and comparatively
indifferent to education. If any part
of the responsibility rests with the
directing classes, who may have acted
upon the theory that the masses of
the people are better off in a state of
"innocent ignorance," the former are
now apparently reaping the whirlwind.
It is neither wise nor just to neglect
giving all the people a certain mini
mum of elementary education, at least.
How much more than this should be
provided will depend upon individual
and national resources. If it is a good
thing to be a man rather than a brute,
to have a mind rather than to have no
mind, then, it is a better thfng to have
a better mind, that is, a trained mind.
And the better a mind is trained, the
more nearly does it become the image
and likeness of its Creator, and the
more capable does it become of doing
the Creator's will in the world. Ignor
ant contentment with remediable in
justice may be a satisfactory condi
tion temporarily and exceptionally, but
it is always a dangerous condition, and
it tends to promote the reign of un
necessary injustice. More wise and
more just is the policy which would
fit the minds of the people to recog
nize unjust conditions, and to distin
guish between the true and the false
in doctrines of reform.
But there is a true and a false educa
tion, and the latter may be worse
than no education at all. With the
truth that it imparts it may combine
so much untruth as to leave the last
state of the man, or the child, worse
than the first. Now this is precisely
the kind of instruction that Ferrer in
tended to give and did give in his
schools. According to Mr. Archer him
self: "There are very few countries
in which teaching so openly hostile
to the existing form of government
and to the whole social order would
be endured. One can scarcely imagine
what would happen if such a school
were established, and found numer
ous imitators, in America or England
but assuredly the principle of toler
ation would be stretched to its limit"
(48,1). If the most enlightened and
tolerant nations would have taken this
view of Ferrer's teachings, we are
justified in concluding that it was of
that bad kind which is worse than
none. Moreover, these general state
ments of Mr. Archer do not exhibit
with sufficient deflniteness the utter
virulence and depravity of the senti
ments which Ferrer diffused in his
schools and text books. Here are a
few specimens. The first is from his
Compendio de Historia Universal:
"This sweet Savior is devoid of filial
sentiment, and lets pass no oppor
tunity to repulse His mother" (p. 43).
The following appears in his Third
Reader, entitled, "Patriotismo y Col
onizacion: "Don't get excited about
the flag, which is only three yards of
cotton stuck on the end of a pole"
(p. 15). "Property has been estab
lished by spoliation, cunning, trick
ery, by rapacity and deception, under
the name of commerce and industry"
(p. 24). "The words, country, flag,
family, arouse in me no more than
hypocritical echoes of wind «nd
sound" (p. 80). "Government, usurpa
tion, tyranny,—a question of words
not only all government, more or less
legitimate, but all power, is tyranny"
(p. 121). The last quotation is from
his Historia de Espana. No wonder
Mr. Percival Gibbon refused to believe
that teaching of this sort was "any
more possible in Barcelona than in
Philadelphia" (McClure's, Oct, 1910,
703,2). I have borrowed these ex
tracts and references from La Revolu
cion de Julio en Barcelona, by Mo
desto H. Villaescusa (Barcelona,
1909). I have no reason to doubt their
genuineness.
Clearly, it were better for the chil
dren who frequented Ferrer's schools
that they had never seen him or his
text books, even though they might
otherwise have remained ignorant of
some natural science which he taught
them in a perverted perspective, and
with false interpretations and conclu
sions. Not as an educator was Fer
rer a "martyr of progress."
JOHN A. RYAN.
MONSIGNOR ANATOLE OSTER.
(Communicated.)
The fifth day of December, 1910,
there died, in the Hospital of St. Jos
eph, in the city of St. Paul, 'a vener
able priest, to whom the Diocese of
St. Paul is deeply indebted for many
and valued services, wjiose name will
long endure in its annals as the lucid
synonym of all the eminent virtues
that compose the ideal priesthood of
the Catholic Church—Monsignor Ana
tole Oster.
In the death of Anatole Oster we
see the passing away of a good priest,
and at the same time, the closing of
a glorious era in the history of the
Diocese of St. Paul, that of the labors
of its pioneer apostles.
Anatole Oster arrived in St. Paul, in
the June of 1854, under the guidance
of Augustine Ravoux, who had been
sent to France, in quest of apostles,
by St. Paul's first Bishop, and wbo,
returning to St. Paul, presented to
the Bishop seven future co-laborers—
Caillet, Tissot, Robert, Sommereisen,
Hurth, Keller, and Oster—the latter,
the youngest of the band, the one
whom Providence destined still to
stand erect on the field of honor, when
the others had fallen in the fray.
It was the Cretin era in the history
of the Diocese of St. Paul. I name it
so, not only because Bishop Cretin
was the leader but, also, because the
spirit of Bishop Cretin, spirit of lofti
est apostolic zeal, dominated the
whole field, and lived in full force
in the souls of his co-laborers I may
add, in the souls of the whole flock,
so strong was that spirit in its effu
sions of supernal grace and love. An
era it was of the truest apostleship.
Missionary heroism was in demand
it was given in unstinted offering.
Men they were, bishop and priests,
utterly forgetful of self, with the one
purpose—to preach Christ's Gospel
with the one resolve—to give salvation
to souls, whatever the hardships in
wait, whatever the sacrifices the work
might impose. Apostles they were, in
every thought, in every act, worthy of
their Master, reincarnating in them
selves the ardor of the Master, to
gether with His utter unselfishness,
His utter consecration of mind and
heart to the task set before Him. "I
have come," had said the Master, "to
cast fire upon the earth, and what will
I but that it be kindled?" So thought,
and so spoke through their daily work,
Bishop Cretin and his fellow mission
aries.
So long as Anatole Oster tarried
with us, the Cretin era tallied. He
spoke of it, as of what he had seen
and touched anear, as of what he
himself had helped to create and
he set before us through the virtues
of his own life the virtues that had
given fragrance to its years.
During his long priesthood of fifty
four years, Anatole Oster was always
the ideal priest. Archbishop Ireland
preaching over his remains said:
"You wish to know the great work
done by Father Oster, the notable
monument erected by him to the glory
of the Almighty? Well, the great
work was his priesthood—the great
monument to the glory of the Almighty
was his priestly soul." It is St. Vin
cent de Paul who wrote, "The highest
work of divine grace in union with
the human will is the good, the true
priest." And this Father Oster was to
a pre-eminent degree. Stainless ever,
devoted ever to duty, ceaselessly
teaching by example, no less than by
word, ceaselessly seeking opportuni
ties to serve God and fellow men—this
his record in the several missions to
which at one time or another he had
been assigned—this his record, one
year after another, during his career
in the Diocese of St. Paul. O'ondiose
achievements were not asked of him
the usual parochial work, amid quiet
and unpretentious communities, was
largely his allotted portion. But be
fore God what is it that counts? Not
the external grandeur of the task—not
the plaudits of the on-looking world.
What is it that counts? The fidelity
with which the task, small or great,
is done, the degree of divine love,
with which it is permeated.
In St. Paul, Byrnesville, Clontarf,
Mendota, the more immediate scenes
of the labors ,of Father Oster, whence
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ST. PAUL, MINN., JANUARY 7, 1911
the radiance of his life spread over
the whole diocese, the name of Father
Oster is held in benediction. He was
the shepherd, caring diligently for
sbeep and lambs, one and all, prompt
to every call, present wherever good
might be done. Kind and affectionate
to all, the adversary of none—never
angered, never complaining. Sweet
ness and gentleness were his peculiar
characteristics yet firmness of pur
pose and constancy in action were
there, whatever the effort needed,
whatever the time required in the ful
fillment of the task. The parish over
which Father Oster presided was a
paradise of holiness, so attentive were
the people to his counsels, so frequent
w-ere their kneelingS at the table of
Communion,
Father Oster possessed an intelli
gence of no mean order: and he was
always the student, the reader. The
collection of books that formed his
library covered a wide range of sub
jects, and few were the volumes that
he had not fondly perused. His ser
mons, plain and practical, but rich in
doctrine, were the evidences that he
had not thought and read in vain. His
books were his sought-for companions
whenever his ministry allowed him
repose and leisure.
Be is gone from us—but gone to
Heaven. We mourn not. He was
with us long the hour of the reward
could not be distant. We must not
begrudge him his well-earned crown.
With ourselves must be our concern—
tl|at we fall not too far behind him
in faithful service while we tread the
earth, nor In blessed hopefulness when
comes the summons to depart.
RECENT DECREE OF POPE
PIUS X.
f4According to the teaching of the
A^ostle Faul 'no mam being a soldier
to'God, c.itangleth hnnself with secu
lar bu&ir :ss' (II Tim. ii, 4), the con
stant di?.- ipline and sacred law of the
Church vas ever been that clerics
must no. assume the administration of
secular msiness except in certain
special. and extraordinary circum
staulef and with legitimate permis
si'( For regarding themselves as
ra ftoi'ttlon-.above temporal af
H&mj it is accessary, as tko SacreS
Council of Trent has it, (Sess. XXII,
Cap. 2 de reform), that they observe
with all diligence, among other things,
'those that have been copiously and
salutarily ordained concerning absten
tion from worldly business.'
"And as in our own time, with the
help of God, many works have been
founded in Christian society for the
temporal welfare of the faithful, and
especially banks, institutes of credit,
rural banks and savings banks, these
works are to be highly approved and
greatly favored by the clergy, but not
in such a way as to distract them
from the offices proper to their condi
tion and dignity, to involve them in
earthly contracts, and expose them to
the anxieties, cares and dangers at
taching to such business.
"Wherefore, Our Most Holy Lord,
Pius X, while exhorting and ordering
the clergy to give their assistance and
advice for the foundation, protection
and prosperity of such institutions, by
the present decree absolutely forbids
ecclesiastics secular and regular to
accept, or to retain if they have as
sumed them, these offices which im
port the cares, obligations and dangers
arising from the administration of
them, such as those of President, Di
rector, Secretary, Treasurer and the
like. His Holiness, therefore, lays
down and orders that all ecclesiastics
who at present hold such offices shall
within four months from the promul
gation of this decree send in their
resignation, and that for the future
no member of the clergy can under
take and exercise any office of this
kind unless he first receives permis
sion from the Apostolic See. All
things to the contrary notwithstanding.
"Given at Rome at the Seat of the
Sacred Consistorial Congregation,
November 18, 1910.
"C. CARD. DE LAI, Secretary.
"S. TECCHI, Assessor."
«!R FRANCIS BURNAND.
Great Catholic Humorist Just Cele
brates Seventy-Fourth Birthday.
Sir Francis Cowley Burnand, re
cently observed his seventy-fourth
birthday. He is an example of one
of many Englishmen of French Hug
uenot descent who have found their
way back to the Catholic Church.
The conversion of Sir Francis took
place fifty-three years ago, when he
was studying for the Anglican minis
try at the College of Cuddesdon, then
recently founded by Bishop Samuel
Wilberforce, and since that time the
nursery of innumerable converts. For
a time young Burnand turned his
thoughts towards the priesthood, and
he was actually a postulant with the
Oblates at Bayswater where traditions
are still preserved of his inveterate
love of joking.
Called afterwards to the Bar, he
soon found his real vocation in the
path of light literature and play
writing. His unceasing flow of humor
found vent in the pages of "Punch,"
of which he became editor in 1880.
During his quarter of a century's
tenure of the editorial chair, the whole
tone of the comic journal, which had
been for years notorious for its violent
and spiteful attacks on Catholicism
changed.
V,
i
THE APOSTOLATE OF THE
PRESS.
The Circulation of Catholic News
papers.
The recent storm of calumny against
the Church which has swept over the
press in this country appears to have
at last awakened Catholics to the
necessity for being up and doing.
The need for such action presents
itself in many shapes, for the minds
of our countrymen are being poisoned
by the continuous infiltration of anti
Catholic literature in the shape of
books, pamphlets and newspaper arti
cles. Every department of Catholic
truth is being assailed, dogmatic and
moral. Weapons are sought for in his
tory, in science, in sociology, in com
parative religion, and above all in
current events—or imagined events.
There is the "special correspondent"
who telegraphs lies which are so pre
posterous that we wonder how any
one can swallow them until we remem
ber that the public mind has been pre
pared for their reception by
Calumnies of Home Production.
A public which devours its Horton
and its Hocking, its "Maria Monk" and
its escaped nuns, will find no difficulty
in assimilating stories of Jesuit assas
sins in Portugal or convent cruelties
in Spain. Nor need we suppose that
the "special correspondent" is con
sciously and maliciously telling lies.
He shares in the current prejudices
and he has the current fantastic no
tions about monks and nuns, Cardinals,
Jesuits, and Inquisitions. He inter
prets what he sees or hears in accord
ance with his prepossessions. He sees
a coal-cellar and his imagination
transforms it into a torture chamber.
He talks nonsense, not so much be
cause he is bent on telling lies as be
cause his mental background is all
wrong. But the result is the same—a
result which would be entertaining
were it not quite so serious. It is
serious because about half of his read
ers will have their mental background
similarly warped in all matters con
cerning the Catholic Church.
It is something to nail each lie to
the counter as it appears. This is
y. worlj, ft# tho lie has ar. nr.
blushing habit of getting into circula
tion again. But it has to be done, and
the
New Information Bureau
recently started in Paris by an inter
national committee of Catholics will
help us to do it. Yet it will not be
enough to wait until the damage has
been done and then endeavor to repair
it. Of those who swallow the calumny
not one in twenty will read or be
convinced by its refutation so long as
their minds are warped by anti-Cath
olic prejudice. Or if they are con
vinced that Catholics have been ma
ligned in this one particular instance,
they will remain persuaded that the
main charges against the Church are
still true.
Hence we must make a systematic
effort on a large scale to deal with
the evil at its sources. An enormous
mass of
Hereditary Prejudice
has-to be dislodged from the minds of
our countrymen a mass of prejudice
which is constantly being augmented
by the Rationalist press and similar
agencies. The task might well appall
us were we not assured that we have
the truth on our side and that our non
Catholic countrymen are still to some
degree accessible to reason.
About the production of literature
little need be said here, since the
matter has often been dealt with. We
have much excellent literature, and
though more is wanted, it is likely to
be supplied in the near future. A more
pressing question is that of distribu
tion—first of all, among Catholics. We
must fortify ourselves in our Catholic
faith before we can hope to carry the
standard of our faith among others.
Catholic Newspapers.
Taking first of all the question of
Catholic newspapers, the time would
seem to be ripe for the systematic
organization of their sale in every
parish. Such organization is in ac
cordance with the earnest desires of
the Church. The form which it might
take would be determined by the
parochial clergy in each instance. It
might well, be Conducted by existing
institutions, such as the Conference of
the Society of St. Vincent de Paul, or
a men's club, or a woman's sodality.
When necessary a "sub-committee for
the press" might be established in an
existing society or where no suitable
society exists a special committee of
parishioners might be formed. As an
example of what may be done let me
quote from a letter received some
months ago from a member of a St.
Vincent de Paul conference in the
North of England:
"It is twelve months since we com
menced this work, and we find the
following arrangements to work most
successfully. We divided out parish,
which is a very scattered one, into
eight districts. Two brothers were
chosen for each district to wait on
every Catholic in the parish and re
quest them to take one or more Cath
olic papers from a list which had been
selected. The following reasons were
given why the conference had under
taken this work: first, to assist the
poor of the parish from the profits of
the sale second, to support the Cath
olic press third, and mainly, to edu
cate ourselves to be able to defend
our holy religion and to love it. The
"Sk
MINKJ—'TA
HFTt^-jCAL
bOC.i i.
Number
result of the canvass was that we ob
tained over 300 orders, from 99 per
cent, of the people called upon, of
whom 90 per cent, had not been re
ceiving Catholic papers before. We
also are supplying non-Catholics with
our papers, and if there are any of our
parishioners too poor to buy them we
supply them free. We receive the
papers straight from the publishers
every Friday morning, when they are
divided into separate parcels by the
friend of a brother, and sent to the
homes of the brothers, who deliver
them every Friday night or Saturday
at the homes of the customers. We
are also arranging for the distribution
of the Catholic Truth Society publica
tions on the same lines as the pa
pers."
The writer adds that work of this
kind might easily be taken up by other
conferences, by
Guilds, Young Men's Societies, Con
fraternities
and the like, and that such work is
full of consolation and is evidently
blessed by God.
It is much to be hoped that this
splendid example of what can be done
by zeal and enterprise may encourage
others to take up similar methods.
It is also much to be hoped that a
special section will be established at
the next Catholic Congress to deal
with this important matter of the
Catholic press. Some suggestions on
this head will be offered later it is
enough to say here that such a section
might do much to concert methods of
circulating Catholic newspapers by
means of parochial organization of
this sort.
Interest in the Church.
This, then, is the first of our needs
—the systematic circulation of Cath
olic newspapers among Catholics. If
we can secure that we shall have se
cured much. In the first place we
shall develop and maintain among all
classes of the Catholic body a keen
and intelligent interest in their re
ligion. Some words spoken by Dean
Shine deserve to be repeated:
"Unless we are interested in the
Church—in her life in this and other
lands, in her victories and defeats, in
her gains and losses, in her pronounce
ments and the exposition of her doc
trines, in the progress of her liturgical
year, in the hardships, needs, and suc
cesses of her jni^onarlps—unless, 4a
a woru, ..«'''in(t:febf.ea lief'
world-wide life in all its phases, ire
are not worthy of the Catholic name.
And yet legion is the name of those
who are not so interested, to judge by
the numbers who never read a Cath
olic newspaper. A Catholic newspa
per should be taken in every Catholic
home. The Catholic who does not
read his Catholic newspaper is only
half alive he misses the pleasure of
the fulness of Catholic life. I can
quite understand Cardinal Mercier say
ing that he would put off the building
of a church in order to provide money
for the founding of a good Catholic
newspaper."
Moreover, the reading of Catholie
newspapers, while giving readers "the
pleasure of the fulness of Catholic
life," will at the same time help to
fortify them against the
Persistent and Insidiou* Attacks
upon their faith which assail them
both in the secular press and in their
converse with others. If they are not
thus fortified, too many of our people
will go down like nine pins before
the bombardment of anti-Catholic
calumny and shallow rationalism, from
which they cannot escape. The half
baked, half-instructed Catholic, with
out interest in his religion, who every
day of his life hears the Church be
littled and bespattered, will begin by
being shamefaced and perplexed, and
in time will come to acquiesce. If we
are to enable him to keep the price
less heritage of his faith, we must
strengthen the Catholic spirit within
him and make him proof against the
lying sophistries which he is sure to
encounter. For this purpose the Cath
olic press is a most valuable ally
There is no exaggeration In calling the
work of propagating it
An Apostolate.
No one has urged the duty more em
phatically than the Pope and the
Bishops. Their stirring injunctions
have often been quoted in the columns
of the press but space must be found
for a few sentences taken from a Pas
toral issued by the recent First
Plenary Council of Quebec:
"We are forced to the conviction
that the establishment, diffusion, and
loyal support of journals Catholic*in
the fullest sense of the word is a work
of supreme utility, and we have a?
hesitancy in saying that it is in ojif
day even an absolute necessity.
It is our cherished wish that the faith
ful subscribe for them and uphold
them in every way, and that the clergy
give them every encouragement and
labor for their greater diffusion. There
is probably at the present time no
more effective means of defending the
stronghold of good than solidly to
man the outposts erected by our faith
with the fearless sentinels of Catholic
journalism."—Rev. C. Plater, S. J., in
Liverpool "Times."
BIBLICAL INSTITUTE.
In Rome seven students of the Bibli
cal Institute have won its difficult d4K
gree. They are: Rev. Ottmar Hellman,
Minor Conventional John Schimt, of
the diocese of Utrecht, Chaplain' to
the Church of the Anima Theophilus
Wetzel, Franciscan Emile Clayea,
Salesian Eugene Driessen, Carmelite
Antonio Picconi, of the Lombard Col
lege of Rome. w
$
*,»

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