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The Catholic bulletin. [volume] (St. Paul, Minn.) 1911-1995, March 11, 1911, Image 1

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Volume 1
International Catholic Defence League
—Catholic Features of the Forth
coming Coronation—Events in
Portugal, Spain, France.
Of course I refer to the warfare
which the Church is compelled to wage
with the united hosts of Freemasonry,
unbelief, and modern paganism which
have taken such a hold on the world
of today, and, having captured fortress
after fortress, are endeavoring to drive
the Church back to the catacombs
from whence she rose so gloriously
centuries ago. Just at present we are
here in Britain, because a most im
portant movement fraught with far
reaching consequences, is here in prog
ress of formation, and with the
strangeness of coincidence this coun
try, whose inhabitants decline military
service, is the first to submit a care
fully thought out scheme of conscrip
tion for Catholics, that all may take
their places in the fighting ranks of
the Church's army.
International Catholic DcfenceLeague.
Catholic Events in Europe
London, Feb. 28,1911.
We hear a good deal of talk these
days of wars and rumors of wars be
tween nations of the Old World, and
even within those nations. But war
between two great hostile powers has
already broken out, and the opposing
armies of each are to be found in
every European country, while the
struggle becomes fiercer and the en
counters more frequent every day. As
war correspondent of the Church Mili
tant we shall pass from one battle
ground to another, surveying on our
journey the conditions which make
for victory or defeat in the various
countries involved, getting a glimpse
sometimes at the strategical position
of this or that outpost of our Holy
Faith, and looking through the ene
mies' plans of action when we have
the chance.
You have no doubt already heard of
the suggestion mooted at the first Na
tional Catholic Congress in England
last August, by an energetic and en
thusiastic northern priest, Father
Dowling, for the raising of an Inter
national Catholic Defence League.
That suggestion was received with ap
plause which has been echoed by the
Catholic world, and subsequent events
in Portugal and elsewhere have only
served to emphasize the need of a new
force in our struggle. The wave of
irreligion accompanied by a corres
ponding degeneration in morals, which
is sweeping over Europe, the increase
of crime, and the revolt against all
authority even in the civil order, which
has come to the front now that we
are enjoying the companionship of
those first fruits of the secular educa
tion introduced so universally some
thirty years ago, and the effects of
which are typified in the present gen
eration, has already engulfed many
fair ideals of the human race, and left
nothing but desolation behind. That
the enemy is well pleased with the
results of capturing the children is
only too well evidenced in the fight
which is raging or pending everywhere
for the schools of the land. In France
it is desperate, in England it is ap
proaching, in Catholic Germany where
the schools are jealously guarded there
is a host which can make its will
felt in the laws and councils of the
nation, and a people, be it also noted,
that has a strong Catholic press.
There is one little spot of green earth
that still resists the encroachments
of the godless teacher—Ireland. In
the House of Commons the other day,
the Chief Secretary floored one of his
most formidable adversaries, Sir Ed
ward Carson, who was fulminating
wildly against Home Rule, by the one
little question, "Could you deal with
Irish education? You know you dare
not touch it." And all the brilliant
K. C. was able to reply was, "How
can I?" If only France, and Spain
and Portugal had been able to cry as
Catholic Ireland has done, to the one
who would rob their little ones of the
faith: "/ou know you dare not touch
it," how different would be their con
dition today.
Well, Father Dowling having that
quality in him which makes for suc
cess has not been content to talk, but
has begun to act. He has taken a
very big step towards realization this
week by securing the first episcopal
sanction of the scheme. It comes
from the Catholic Hierarchy of Ireland,
and is dependent upon the approval
of the Vatican, It is probable that
the English Bishops 'will also consider
the plans of Father Dowling's League
favorably when they meet in Low
Week, and the good priest has lost no
time meanwhile in preparing his me
morial to the Holy See and obtaining
influential signatures thereto. This
document will set out the Constitution
and aims of the League which are
briefly, as follows:
.- v v v
The defence of the rights and liber
ties of the Church and her children in
all parts of the world, wherever such
liberties are attacked. The moral de
fence of the Church's honor by means
of agents in every place who will take
up and sift, and obtain contradiction
for, every scandalous story published
by the anti-Catholic press, making en
quiries on the spot, through fellow
agents established there, and bringing
the facts as prominently before the
public as the rumor itself. The pro
vision of a fund to be used in fight
ing legal actions for any Catholics,
clerical or, lay, who are penalized in
any way on account of their faith, such
fund to be provided by the small an
nual subscriptions of the members of
the League, which, taken at Father
Dowling's figure of twenty millions for
the Catholic world—a moiety of the
240,000,000 of which that world is com
posed—would give £1,000,000 sterling
to start with. Other offensive meas
ures recommended by the militant
priest, but which he is prepared to
surrender if the weight of opinion is
against them, have among them, re
prisals by boycott of the goods of any
country whose administration perse
cutes the Church. One of the most
daring and original of the ideas of
the League's founder is to form a com
pany which could be entrusted with
the duties of Trustee of Church Prop
erty threatened with confiscation, and
could thus step in with all the au
thority of its universal nationality to
demand justice and resist confiscation.
No one can deny that such an or
ganization as this is needed, and
though Catholics are apathetic in
parts, twenty million is not too large
a proportion from whom to expect en
thusiasm and active support, and
twenty million is enough to start with.
Catholic Women's League—Boys*
Britain has already done much in
the way of Catholic organization dur
ing the past few years. There is now
the Catholic Women's League which,
though numbering only 1,500 members
as yet, is an organization that has
done much to foster good feeling
among Catholic women and is engaged
in many useful works, all of which it
does thoroughly. There is also the
Catholic Boys' Brigade, a pioneer oi
the now famous Boy Scout movement
that has been taken up by the whole
country, and one which does an incal
culable amount of good among our
boys during the difficult years that fol
low their departure from school. For
this body a new work has been found
by another enterprising priest, Father
Plater S. J., who has impressed the
boys in a northern town into the serv
ice of the Catholic press and its dis
semination, with great success. The
idea is to post boys outside the Catho
lic Church of the district, with Catholic
papers which they offer to the faithful
as they come from Sunday Mass, thus
gaining a number of new subscribers.
Catholic Features of the Coronation.
As the time for the Coronation fes
tivities draws near it is interesting to
note how at every step those con
cerned, or the crowd which follows
(Continued on page 4.)
s ?W\S ¥ft**? S
An Interesting Volume of Addresses
and Reports—Every Phase of Cath
olic Charity Work Discussed—
A Handbook of Informa
tion for All.
The report of the First National
Conference of Catholic Charities has
just issued from the press. Our read
ers will recall the remarkably success
ful gathering which was held at the
Catholic University of America, Wash
ington, in September, 1910, for the
purpose of identifying the lay charities
of the United States more closely with
one another and to promote the na
tional interests of Catholic relief work.
The volume before us contains about
450 pages. It is cloth bound. The
first part is taken up with the de
scription of the beginnings of the con
ference, which was created at the
Catholic University of America in
February, 1910. The second part in
cludes the official record of the gen
eral sessions, of which there were five
In the first we find a magnificent ser
mon by Most Rev. Archbishop Blenk
on "The Spiritual Element in Charity."
In the second, which was presided
over by His Eminence, the Cardinal,
we find besides the eminent chair
man's address, the paper of Monsignor
Shahan on, "The Practical Mission of
the Conference," and a most eloquent
address by the Hon. Matt O'Doherty
a c- i
of Louisville on, "Catholic Ideals in
Charity." In the third session state
ments were received from cities, states
and dioceses, showing the conditions
of lay Catholic charities. Digests of
these statements appear in the report.
The main feature of the fourth ses
sion was the exhaustive paper by Mr.
Robert Biggs of Baltimore on, "The
Dependent Family," the reading of
which was followed by thorough
going discussion. The next session
took up the problem of "Delinquency,"
under the direction of the Hon. Mi
chael F. Girten of Chicago, who read
a very searching paper on that sub
ject. The reading was followed' by
In two other general? sessions de
voted to an exposition of principles ex
clusively, papers were read by Mr.
David F. Tilley of Boston on, "The
State and Private Institutions," and by
Mr. Paul Fuller 6f New York on, "The
Recognition of the Religion of Depen
dents by the State." At the second of
these sessions papers were read by
Monsignor White of Brooklyn on, "The
Reform Problems Which the Church
Should Meet," by Very Rev. Joseph
McSorley, C. S. P., of New York on,
"The Catholic Layman and Social Re
form," and by Mr. Thomas Woodlock
of New York on, "The Church and the
Social Conscience."
The third part includes the record
of the section meetings of which the
chief were those on The Protection of
Young Girls in our Large Cities, Tuber
culosis among the Poor, the Care ot
Dependent Children, the Juvenile
Court, Day Nurseries and Social Settle
ments. Scattered throughout the
volume, but arranged in logical rela
tion to the general topics, we find
some 25 papers on subjects vitally re
lated tc the work of relief.
The Appendix contains the Consti
tution of the Conference the Financial
Statement and the reprint of two
papers from the Catholic World writ
ten by Rev. Dr. Kerby in reference
to the organization and interpretation
of the work of the First National Con
ference of Catholic Charities. The
value of the report for purposes of
reference^ is greatly enhanced by in-"
dexes of names and of contents.
One is glad to learn from the report,
as was announced in the press at the
time, that the Conference effected per
manent organization and adopted a
Constitution, which calls for national
meetings every two years. The
officers represent many sections of the
country and every department of the
great field of Catholic lay charity.
The report conveys an immense
amount of information as to Catholic
activity in relief, and it ought to serve
as a source of splendid direction in
the further development of such work.
The papers throughout show a highly
commendable combination of a pro
foundly Catholic spirit which is worthy
of the finest traditions of the Church's
charity, and a wide-awake eagerness
to adopt every method which com
mends itself as improving the effici
ency of relief work without robbing it
of its original spiritual character. The
touch of the master is found in the
papers for in every case the authors
brought to their labors great wealth
of experience in personal service of
the poor.
The report would make excellent
spiritual reading for all Catholics. It
is a volume which ought to be found
among the books in Catholic homes
generally. Its wide distribution ought
to be encouraged by charitable organi
zations, for no better handbook in
Catholic charities has come to our
notice in the United States. Those
among our readers who feel that the
love and service of the poor has been
and must remain the pride and glory
of the Catholic Church, will undoubt
edly look forward to the day when
we may possess a dozen equally
worthy reports of as many inspiring
National Conferences. We read with
pleasure that there is promise of or
ganization of committees in all of
our large cities to study the problem
of the Protection of Young Girls and
that the work of perfecting the federa
tion of Women's Catholic charitable
organizations will be pushed as rapidly
as circumstances permit.
The mechanical features of the re
port give evidence of commendable
care throughout. It sells for $2.00 a
copy and is published from the Catho
lic University.
*At present there are 1,440 Catholic
Bishops in the entire world. Of these
Italy has 268, France 84, Spain 5, Aus
tria-Hungary 52, Russia 13, Portugal
12, Turkey in Europe 7, Greece 7, Bel
gium 6, Holland 3, Switzerland 5, Bos
nia Herzegovina 3, Roumania 2, Den
mark, Bulgaria, Luxembourg, Monaco
and Barbary have each 1, Ireland 28,
England 16, Scotland 6, Malta 3, East
Indies 32, Japan 4, Turkey in Asia 3,
Persia 1, Canada 26, United States 93,
Newfoundland 3, the Republics of Cen
tral and South America 130, Australia
and Oceania 19, New Zealand 4, the
Philippines 9, Cuba and Porto Rico 5.
ST. PAUL, MINN., MARCH 11,1911
I, -. ,, -,
On March 7th the College of St.
Thomas celebrated the feast of its
patron Saint. High Mass was solem
nized at 10 o'clock, with Rev. Joseph
Corrigan as celebrant, Rev. James
Cleary as deacon, and Rev. James
O'Hara as sub-deacon. Bishop Lawler
presided in the sanctuary. The Col
lege Choir, under the direction of Pro
fessor Pardo, rendered Bordese's Mass
in E flat. At noon dinner was served
in the seniors' dining hall, which was
tastefully adorned for the occasion.
The College Orchestra enlivened the
meal with a choice programme of mu
Among the guests were the following
priests: Rev. J. M. Cleary, Rev. R.
felughes, Rev. J. Gaughan, Rev. J. Guil
lot, Rev. J. C. Byrne," Rev. E. Wilbee,
Rev. J. M. Reardon, Rev. P. Bandini,
Rev. R. J. Fitzgerald, Rev. M. O'Brien,
Rev. W. Hart, Rev. J. J. O'Brien, Rev.
T. Rehill, Rev. Dr. Ryan, Rev. J. Cor
"igan, Rev. T. Minogue, Rev. J. Klein,
iev. P. Lucey, Rev. Fr. Victorin, Rev.
Kaesan, Rev. F. McCarthy, Rev. C.
3remin, Rev. P. Loeffen, Rev. W.
3iisch, Rev. W. P. Walsh.
Besides the visiting priests there
vere also present forty-five students of
he St. Paul Seminary—deacons and
tlumni of the College.
At the High Mass Rev. Dr. McGin
lis preached an eloquent eulogy on
3t. Thomas Aquinas. We subjoin a
"St. Thomas," he said, "was blessed
y God with prodigious intellectual
powers. His mission in the Church
Was of a particular nature. He ap
pears to have beeti selected by circum
stances and nature to make a syn
thesis of Christian doctrines. The
preceding ages were periods of pure,
tjnalloyed, and unquestioning Faith,
pearly all the controversies were cen
tered abotit the doctrines of faith: the
freapons used in the combat were
|rawn chiefly from the armory of the
Divine Deposit revelation, rather than
reason, was appealed to in the ma
jority of cases in order to settle an
disputed question. In Alexandria there
soon arose a school of teachers who
endeavored to resuscitate the defunct
and the dying doctrines of Plato', and
to apply them in whole or in part to
an explanation or a refutation of
Christianity. Clement and Origen
placed themselves as a strong barrier
between the Church and the array of
Neo-Platonists who would mar her
beauty. Even these two champions,
however, as a last resort would have
recourse to the Scriptures to defend
their positions.
"Speculation in matters of religion
had ever produced heretics, because
they had followed the principle that
Faith and Science were irreconcila
ble—a principle that to the present
hour continues to count its votaries
among the misguided minds of the day.
"Here and there during the Middle
Ages a sporadic 'gleam in the gloom'
of the circumambient darkness and
withering blight that had fallen upon
Europe revealed a man who, like
Erigena, strove to apply the principles
of pure reason to matters of Faith, for
the elucidation of the latter. Former
ly when a heresy had reared its pois
onous head above the horizon of the
Christian world, a valiant champion—
an Augustine, a Jerome, a Basil, a
Chrysostom, a Cyril—had suddenly
arisen and had struck down the traitor,
and eradicated the venomous reptile
from the fair world-garden of the
Church. But these were more or less
individual efforts aimed at a particular
foe. Later on Abelard with his Dia
lectics introduced considerable con
fusion in the contemporaneous world
of thought.
"The thirteenth century witnessed a
revival of the work begun by Anselm.
St. Thomas Aquinas now appeared as
the divinely-sent genius who was to
gather up the scattered fragments of
arguments, doctrines, and disquisitions
left by the early Fathers, and in one
synthetic grasp to present them to the
Church as a compact, solid and
thoroughly rational body of teachings.
He was eminently fitted for this hercu
lean task. Endowed by nature with
the prestige of noble birth, incompara
ble talent, and an unusually powerful
mind with a soul embellished in the
order of grace with the choicest gifts
of purity, humility, and intense faith
with a spirit free from the cares of
the world, and safe under the white
mantle of St. Dominic—St. Thomas
stood forth as the rightful representa
tive of all that was high, and pure,
and intellectual in the Church. His
profound grasp of Scripture, patristic
teaching, and the power of reason were
all turned upon the task of reconciling
Faith with the highest principles of
rational thought. Sounding the very
depths of the Aristotelian system of
thought he extracted therefrom the
quintessence of logical demonstration,
and applied it to the doctrines of Faith
with such consummate success, that
'.-v/ •$»*• ::-r
1 y
from the most ordinary matters of
Christian polity he soared to the im
penetrable maze of the divine mys
teries, proving the perfect accord be
tween revelation and reason, andidem
onstrating the reasonableness of those
very ^mysteries which transcend the
perfect comprehension of the human
intellect. This complete synthesis of
Christian economy was so masterful
that it not only cleared the intellectual
atmosphere of every mist of heresy,
but furnished weapons for the utter
discomfiture of all future heresies that
might possibly arise. In the words of
Pope John XXII. he "wrought as many
miracles as he wrote articles" words
confirmed by the testimony of Christ
Himself: "Thou hast written well of
Me, Thomas."
Ludwig Auer, Schoolmaster, Printer,
Publisher, Founder of the "Cassia
neum," Gives Product of Forty
Years' Labor to the Cause
of Catholic Education.
We' do not often hear of Catholics
giving large sums for purely pedagogi
cal purposes, says a correspondent of
the Philadelphia "Catholic Standard
and Times." Hence when some one,
no matter where, breaks the rule his
example deserves to be held up not
only for admiration, but also for imita
Forty years ago Ludwig Auer was
a country schoolmaster. Schnufen
hofen, the little Bavarian village in
which he dispensed knowledge and
other things, could not be expected
to pay a very large salary for the edu
cation of its few hopefuls, but he had
a talent for writing little things that
were read with eagerness by the sim
ple country folk, and in this way he
turned many an honest penny. In 1875
he founded a boys' training school at
Donauwoerth, which he called the
"Cassianeum." The little institute
grew rapidly under Auer's able man
agement. An elementary school and a
preparatory gymnasium, a pedagogical
library, scientific collections, a tech
nical school, an up-to-date publishing
house and second-hand book store
were called into existence in rapid
succession. No less than six excellent
monthlies—"Monika" (for Christian
mothers, circulation 95,000), "Schut
zengel" (for children, circulation 120,
000), "Notburga" (for servant girls,
circulation 85,000), "Raphael" (for
young men), "Stern der Jugend" (for
students, circulation 5,000) and
"Pharus," founded just a year ago,
which is considered by many to be
the best educational review in Ger
many—owe their existence and almost
unexampled success to the indefatiga
ble energy of "Uncle Ludwig." At the
close of the last business year the
"Cassianeum" represented a cash
value of 1,404,670 M., and this product
of forty years of incessant self-sacri
ficing labor in the glorious cause of
Catholic education Auer presented to
the Catholics of Germany as a Christ
mas gift. The generous donor has him
self set forth the purpose of the foun
dation, viz., "the promotion of educa
tion in the spirit of the Catholic
Church, with due regard to the legiti
mate requirements of the age." The
institute is to be immediately supple
mented by a model training school, the
object of which is to furnish object
lessons for correct home training. The
experiment will, no doubt, be watched
with the deepest interest by all edu
In spite of his multitudinous duties
and cares as director of the "Cassia
neum," Auer's pen has never been idle,
and German educational literature is
indebted to him for several high-class
treatises on the theory of education.
Is a Catholic and Loves the Land e#
His Forefathers.
Sir Charles Fitzpatrick, Chief Jus
tice of the Supreme Court of Canada,
is a Catholic and was born in Sillery, a
suburb of Quebec, on December 19,
1853. His education was received at
Quebec Seminary and Laval Univer
sity. After being graduated from the
last-named institution in 1876, he be
gan the practice of law, and three
years later he was appointed Crown
Prosecutor for the city and district of
Quebec. He was at one time presi
dent of the Irish Land League of Cana
da. In 1890 he entered the Legislature
of Quebec. The following year he was
offered, but refused a portfolio in the
De Boucherville ministry. On Sir
Wilfrid Laurier assuming office in 1896
he invited Mr. Fitzpatrick to join him
as Solicitor-General, and since then his
relationship to Federal affairs has
been constant and unremitting. In
1901 he was promoted to the post of
Minister of Justice, where he remained
until his appointment to the Supreme
Court In 1906.
-v v
Number 10
The closing days of last month wit
nessed the downfall of Aristide Briand,
Prime Minister of France, and his cabi
net. The religious policy of the min
istry had been the subject of discus
sion for some days in the Chamber of
Deputies. Complaint was made that
the laws against the religious associa
tions were not being enforced and it
was practically charged that evasions
of the law were being winked at.
President Fallieres tendered the
Prime Ministership to Antoine Monis,
who accepted, and, after some delay,
succeeded in forming a new ministry.
In view of these changes the following
communication which we have receiv
ed from a well-informed correspondent
sheds light on the causes which led
to the overthrow of the Briand min
istry. He says:
Public worship in France was until
late years looked after by a special
Minister of the Cabinet it is now
included in one of the other minis
terial portfolios. Aristide Briand was
"in charge" of this supplementary port
folio in the long Clemenceau ministry,
and prepared the famous and iniquit
our Spoliation and Association Laws.
In July, 1909, he succeeded Clemen
ceau at the head of the Government,
and retained the portfolio of Public
Worship, to finish the work he had
Whenever the representatives of the
French people in the Chamber of Depu
ties show by their "interpellations"
that they are dissatisfied with the pol
icies of the Cabinet, it is customary
for the Premier to "put the question of
confidence" and call for a formal vote
of approval or disapproval.
Well, after having for years been the
tool of the Masonic persecutors of the
Church in France, Briand saw himself
taxed with "laxity in the carrying out
of the Laws against Religion." Thus
had fared before him Waldeck-Rous
seau, who began the persecution
against the religious orders ten years
ago, and Clemenceau, Briand's imme
diate predecessor. They also had de
lighted the Masonic lodges in the be
ginning of their administrations, but
when their anti-religious zeal no longer
kept pace with the rabid instincts of
the anti-Catholic Deputies, they were
by them called "clericals," to the utter
astonishment of outsiders, and dis
Briand declared last week that he
was disgusted, and "tired of it all,"
and put the "question of confidence."
He was given a majority of but 15
votes out of 550, which meant disap
proval. A conference of the Ministers
followed, and it was decided that the
members of the Cabinet would tender
their resignations after the funeral of
the Minister of War, who had died
suddenly. This has effectively been
done, and President Fallieres has ac
cepted the resignations.
The downfall of the Briand Ministry
is of great interest to Catholics, inas
much as it indicates how much head
way the Church has made in her war
against Masonry in France.
If Briand became "lax in carrying
out the Laws against Religion," it is
because he saw "that the task had be
come difficult and impolitic.
When the persecution began, some
ten or twelve years ago, it was said on
all sides that until the Bishops would
be thrown into prison, there would be
no stemming of the tide. Now Bishops
and Cardinals have been indicted and
condemned, and Catholic France is
finally believing that a persecution ifc
going on. These words may seem
strange, but they contain the key to
the situation.
The number of Bishops appointed on
their merits, and not in consideration of
the patronage of the Government, has
been considerable since the "rupture"
of the Concordat and these Bishops
have fearlessly spoken of late. Books,
detrimental to the innocence of chil
dren, have been condemned, although
they had been approved of by the Gov
ernment. Newspapers, openly attack
ing the) Church, have been forbidden
to Catholics. Hence the above men
tioned indictments and condemnations.
But the Bishops, nothing daunted, are
continuing their apostolic mission with
apostolic liberty and courage. What
can the Government do? Indict the
Bishops "en masse?" This would un
questionably be a very impolitic move.
What then? Close its eyes? That is
what Briand thought wise to do, and
it has been his downfall—"lax in car
rying out the laws."
The situation is interesting and mo
mentous. On both sides the leaders
are conscious of the fact that the
moment for a pitched battle has come.
Who will be the next leader of tha
Masonic forces? No prominent one is
in sight.. It is to be hoped that he will
be a servile executive of the Grand
Orient, ready to double the persecu
tion for that will bring the final tri
umph of Hotly Church so much the
-iv* 1 i -v' i -t W. "su.1 iShk'

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