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Published every Saturday at 315 New ton Bldg., Fifth and Minnesota Streets, St. Paul, Minnesota, by The Catholic Bulletin Publishing Co. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $1.50 a year, payable in advance. Advertising Rates en Application. All advertisements are under editor ial supervision. None but reliable firms and reputable lines of business are ad vertised and recommended to our read ers. A mention of THE CATHOLIC BULLETIN, when writing to advertisers, will mutually beneficial. REV. JANES M. REABDON, S. P. be The mailing label on your paper is a receipt for your subscription, and a re minder of the date of its expiration. To insur|( change of address, the sub scriber must give the old, as well as the new, address. Remittance may be made by Draft, Post Office or Express Money Order or Registered Letter, addressed to THE CATHOLIC BULLETIN, 315 Newton Bldg., St. Paul, Minnesota. Editor. L. O'CONNOR, Business Manager. B. KOLESKY, Advertising Manager. Entered as second-class matter, Jan uary 12. 1911. at the post office, St. Paul. Minn., under Act of March 3, 1879. SATURDAY. OCT. 7. 1911. The October grand jury began its sessions in St. Paul this week. There is not a single Catholic name on the list of grand jurors. It would be interesting to know the reason for this omission in a city which is at least fifty per cent Catholic. Is it possible that those whose duty it is to prepare the list believed that there was not a single Catholic business man in St. Paul worthy to serve the public in this capacity Who is to blame for this state of affairs The Cath olics v The Catholic University, Wash ington, D. C., resumed the work of another scholastic year last Tues day. The Mass of the Holy Ghost at which the members of the facul ty will renew their allegiance to the Holy See will be celebrated on October 8. The Rector, Right Reverend Thomas J. Shahan, D. D.. will preach the sermon. Very Rev. Charles P. Grannan, S. T. D., professor of Sacred Scrip ture, has resigned his position at the University and will devote his attention to the administration of the Henry McCaddin Junior Fund for the education of young men to the priesthood, of which he is joint trustee with Rev. John McQuirk, D. D., pastor of St. Paul's Church, New York City. No one will be appointed this year to fill the va cancy caused by Doctor Grannan's retirement. At the request of His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons the ordinance declaring Monday, October 16, a municipal holiday in honor of his double jubilee was laid on the table at the recent meeting of the Baltimore City Council. As soon as the Cardinal learned of the pro posal to grant a holiday in his honor he begged the members of the City Council to reconsider their action and withdraw the resolution. The reasons he gave for this request were: First, it might not be acceptable to the parents of thousands of children attending the schools who would be released from discipline and spend the time in idleness second, the business interests of the city ifiight be interfered with third, many of the laboring class would be thrown out of employment and would lose the day's wages. During his "swing round the Circle" President Taft visited the St. Louis University in company "With Archbishop Glennon of St. Louis, and made a brief speech to the six thousand football fans who had gathered on the University campus to witness the first game between the St. Louis University and Shurtleff College. 1 He also visited Nazareth Acad emy, Michigan, which is under the direction of the Sisters of St. Jo seph. In his address he said among other things: "I understand the great tenet of the Catholic Church is loyalty to constituted authority and love of country. The great welcome which I have received at this notable institution of learning shows that, instead of love of Church and interest in the Church being inconsistent with the love of country and the interest of the na tion, the better Catholic you are the better American you are. I do not doubt that the Sisters are building character in the students of this great school to make them good and useful citizens in every way, and I congratulate them upon the success of their work, and wish this institution God-speed in every One of its departments.'' FATHER MATHEW. Next Tuesday, October 10, is the one hundred and twenty-first an niversary of the birth of the Rev. Theobald Mat-hew, the apostle of total abstinence. The event will be commemorated by his followers not alone in the land of his birth but throughout America wherever total abstinence societies are estab lished. He had reached his forty-eighth year before he mustered up cour age to free himself entirely from the habit of moderate tippling which seems to have been the tradi tional attitude of his countrymen towards drink. In response to the oft-repeated appeal of a quaker, William Martin, Father Mathew, then in the twenty-fourth year of his priesthood, signed the total ab stinence pledge on April 10, 1838, with the-ever-memorable words: "Here goes in the name of God." Thenceforth he was not only a pro fessed total abstainer but the rec ognized leader of a movement for the spread of total abstinence which has done more to break the chains of drink-slavery than any other method advocated since his time. On this1approaching anniversary the Catholic total abstinence unions throughout America will commem morate the birth of this renowned apostle of total abstinence for the purpose of recalling his heroic ef forts to banish the vice of intem perance from the hearts and homes of men, and to urge upon all the necessity of continuing the cru sade he inaugurated on behalf of humanity. It is fitting that his name be held in loving remem brance that his memory be hon ored from generation to genera tion that his self-sacrificing devo tion be dwelt upon as an inspira ton to others to set no bounds to their zeal and activity in behalf of the cause he loved so well. The whole world has been his benefi ciary for "large as mankind was his splendid humanity, large in its record the work he has done." Notwithstanding the lapse of more than half a century since he laid down the burden of his life-work, the sweet perfume of his influence has never ceased to pervade the so cial atmosphere the beacon-light of his example continues to guide his followers he is still their model and leader. The cause he cherish ed, they cherish the principles he advocated, they advocate the good he accomplished^ they strive to accomplish. Although the world has changed considerably during the past half century in its attitude towards the drink problem, there is yet urgent need for faithful and consistent temperance workers for men and women whose daily lives are open books wherein all may read the story of their devotion to the cause of total abstinence. In every walk of life men are beginning to realize more and more the value of total abstinence as a prerequisite to suc cess. The strenuousness of Ameri can life the energy of American enterprise the strain of commer cial pursuits the intensity of ap plication in the professional world —all conspire to place the laurel wreath upon the brow of the total abstainer. In the arena of modern life the palm of victory is won by the man of alert and clear brain, of sound body.and steady nerve and total abstinence from all kinds of intoxicants helps to mould such men. By their advocacy of total ab stinence as "the proper and truly efficacious remedy'' for the mani fold evils attributable to indul gence in strong drink, Catholic to tal abstinence societies play a very important role in qualifying men for the battle of life. They main tain that only by the practice of this heroic form of temperance can the individual and the community be absolutely safeguarded against the allurement of alcoholic bever ages. As a means to this end they utilize the method so successfully adopted by Father Mathew him self, namely, moral suasion strengthened and sustained by the vivifying influence of religion. They appeal to all without excep tion—to men and women, to old and young, to rich and poor—to enroll themselves beneath this standard and by the compelling force of their exemplary lives give encouragement and support to their weaker brethren. The silent influence of such blessed example has done more to regenerate hu manity than the worjd will ever know until the life-history of the race is laid bare in the evening of time. Since the St. Paul Catholic Total Abstinence Union was organized in 1872 it has allowed scarcely a year to elapse without commemorating the birthday of Father Mathew. This year will be no exception to the rule and all the friends of "the cause" are invited to assem bleat the old State Capitol on next .Tuesday evening for the purpose of* recalling at least, if not of re newing once more, the glorious past during which Minnesota was the favored home of a total abstin ence propaganda unequalled else where in America. THE CATHOLIC BULLETIN, OCTOBER 7, 1911. CONVENT EDUCATION. The value of the intellectual and moral training given in convent and academy is clearly shown by the support they receive not only from Catholics but from non-Cath olics. Few non-Catholics are so an tagonistic to the Church as to close their eyes to the advantage of hav ing their daughters educated in Catholic schools: The majority of Catholic parents are not slow to show their appreciation of the edu cational training given by the teaching sisterhoods, as is evi dence by the demands made on the accommodations of their institu tions. A few Catholics, however— their number is small, fortunately, and their influence in the commun ity insignificant—persist in ignor ing convent schools. They are ani mated by a desire to break into what they call "society" and to satisfy their worldly ambitions at any cost. For these reasons they consider it necessary to send their daughters to supposedly fashion able institutions of learning, pri vate or public, where they are freer from wholesome restraint and moial supervision than they are under the care of the Sisters. It is interesting to note that the views of such Catholics regarding the inability of convent schools to graduate young women as cultured and refined as the finished product of the nop-Catholic institutions which they patronize are not con curred in by non-Catholics who are capable of judging of the relative merits of these institutions. The following paragraphs from the Chicago Inter-Ocean are deserving of consideration by our snobbish Catholic parents who relegate their Catholicity to the back ground when there is a possibility of adding to their mess of pottage. "Despite the novelties of co-edu cation and the attractions of public institutions of learning, convent education still has a charm anf1 power which all are free to admit. Thorough instruction in religious truth, correct moral teaching, and a high sense of duty are known to be fully in accord with the,most profound knowledge and the wid est range of truth in every field of study. Hence the convent-bred girl can have every intellectual ad vantage afforded by a secular col lege and in addition, moral, artis tic, and social associations of a superior order. It is not surpris ing, therefore, that men and wom en of every shade of belief very considerately have chosen for their daughters a convent education. "In our country, pioneer condi tions have passed away, and with them the educational limitations they imposed. Privation and nar rowness in the education of many were not of choice, and the ab sence of culture was unavoidable. The future points to wider and more varied obligations, which de mand a. higher and broader edu cation for all. Opportunity for learning and culture is now ope'n to young ladies whose mothers knew such blessings only as a dream. Iii the field of science and letters, convent instruction is not excelled. In the realm of art and music, convent training stands pre-eminent: while in the forma tion of character its standard of true womanhood is the loftiest conception the world has ever known." This splendid appreciation of convent education from a non Catholic source should bring the blush of shame to Catholic parents who rob their daughters of their birthright by sending them to schools where religious training is considered of less importance than a veneer of ballroom culture. THE ROOK RACK. One of the simplest and most effective devices for the distribu tion of Catholic literature at the church door is a book rack. The book rack is a contrivance contain ing.a number of pockets for hold ing leaflets, tracts, pamphlets, books', periodicals, etc. It is usu ally attached to the wall of the vestibule in a convenient location so as to be within easy reach of the people as they enter or leave the church. In many places the contents are for free distribution. Where a nominal charge is made for them the price is plainly indi cated on a card index attached to each pocket and a receptacle for the money is also provided. In many churches throughout the country book racks have been in use for years and large quanti ties of Catholic literature have been distributed in this way. Dur ing the past year some of the churches in thje Diocese of St. Paul have added book racks to their equipment and the results have been so satisfactory that it is not unlikely that they will come into more general use. A book rack, or a substitute for it, can be easily constructed but if one pre fers to have one of the regulation style and make that has been found best adapted to the purpose, it can be purchased from the In ternational Catholic Truth Society of Brooklyn, N. Y., for a few dol lars. The success of the book rack depends largely on the judgment and care exercised in selecting its contents. It will not do to stock it with costly literature. The five and ten cent pamphlets are the best sellers but, occasionally, more expensive books may be added. The publications of the Catholic Truth Society, Brooklyn, New York, which can be had in quantities at a very moderate cost, are admirably adapted to this pur pose. The book rack should be kept well filled with a varied selection of Catholic literature and the at tention of the people called to it on Sunday. In some churches the pastor selects a certain pamphlet or book, gives a brief outline of its contents and advises the people to procure copies for further study as they leave the church. It has been proved again and again says a writer in the London Tablet that if cheap pamphlets "are placed in front of people, and a sufficient variety of choice is provided, peo ple will buy them, and, presuma bly, read them, and having read them, they cannot fail to take a greater interest in their religion, to be prouder of being Catholics, and more willing to give their time and energies, not only to a more fervent practice of their religious duties, but to a determined effort to spread the knowledge of their faith whenever an opportunity arises." In this and other ways Catholics can be educated into a love for wholesome literature dealing with various phases of Catholic activity and thus taught to appreciate the doctrines and practices of the Church and to defend them, when necessary, against the attacks of their enemies. The value of such a work for religion is incalculable. In this connection it may not be uninteresting to quote from an editorial in "America" in which statistics are given to show what has been done in Europe for the dissemination of Catholic litera ture: "We are continually pattim ourselves on the back for the thoroughbred Catholicity of the United States. Some things, no doubt, we do fairly well, but in this particular we might well take a hint from our friends, the Eu ropeans. Thus, for instance, there is one country with only 22,000, 000 Catholics, where they sell a million of Catholic pamphlets every year. Or if we prefer to tftke Great Britain and Ireland as an example we shall find that al though they have only about 6,000,000 Catholics, yet since they have begun to organize in behalf of Catholic literature they have sold a million and a quarter copies of a devotional series, 868,000 of a book of meditations, 1,700,000 copies of a simple prayer book, 900,000 pamphlets dealing with Protestant misstatements, 389,000 discussing the various aspects of the Anglican controversy, 2,500, 000 Catholic story books, 1,878,000 of a biographical series, 100,000 of a religious and scientific series, to say nothing of pamphlets deal ing with art, music, education, his torv and social questions. "Have we anything like that to show in the United States, with our 15,000,000 Catholics?" LORD CHANCELLOR OF LAND. IRE The Right Honorable Redmond John Barry, recently appointed Lord High Chancellor of Ireland by His Majesty, King George V, is the third Catholic since the union to occupy that exalted position. His predecessors were Lord Thomas O'Hagan, who was Chan cellor of Ireland from 1868 to 1874, and from 1880 to 1881, and the Right Honorable John Naish, who was appointed to that posi tion in 1886. The Lord Chancellor of Ireland is the guardian of the Great Seal of Ireland which is a duplicate of that of Great Britain and is used only for purely Irish state docu ments. Formerly, there was a Lord High Chancellor of Scotland but, on the union of Scotland with Eng land two hundred years ago, his functions were merged in those of the Lord Chancellor of Great Britain. The Lord High Chancel lor of Ireland presides over the Irish chancery division and is ex officio a member of the Irish court of appeals. Unlike the Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain he has no seat in the cabinet. The office is a very ancient one, the first to hold it being Stephen Ridel, who was appointed in 1189. REPUBLIC AN TRIUMPH' PORTUGAL. When the Provisional Govern ment of Portugal assumed the reins of power a year ago, after the banishment of King Manuel, it showed no disposition to go to the people for ratification of its ac tion. This was a practical confes sion of the insecurity of its posi tion. If it were convinced of their sympathy and support it would ilot have 'postponed the general election as long as it did. When the appeal to the country was finally made after eight months of waiting the result was a victory for the republican form of govern ment that had supplanted the mon archy. In not a few quarters surprise was manifested that the people of Portugal who had lived so long under a monarchical form of gov ernment, should have expressed such a unanimous verdict in favor of a republican regime. Not a sin gle monarchist was elected to the Portuguese parliament.* It is needless to say that this was not the result of the free choice of the people of Portugal. During the eight months that in tervened between the establish ment of the republic and the gen eral election, the government had not been idle. It was sowing the seeds of republicanism throughout the country and, lest there should be any doubt about the result of its appeal to the electorate, it pass ed a law the primary purpose of which was to destroy the free choice of the people and insure a victory for the new form of gov ernment. The most important fea ture of this law was a pro vision that the names of all candi dates for parliament must first be submitted for approval to the gov ernment itself. Under this enact ment thousands of names of pros pective candidates were struck off the list by the government officials Is it any wonder, then, that none but supporters of the republican form of government were elected to represent the people in parlia ment The friends of the old con stitutional monarchy refused to vote at all rather than do violence to their convictions by voting for the republican candidates. With these facts before us it is readily seen that the result of the general election in Portugal \tfas not such a triumph'' for the gov ernment as the world has been led to believe. There was no free ex pression of popular wishes. Vic tory for the government was as sured before the polls opened *and the measures taken to stultify the election returns show how inse cure the government considered its tenure of usurped authority. THE NEED OF A RELIGIOUS TRAINING. The following extract from a speech of Arthur Balfour, the English statesman, is significant of the trend of opinion among those who have at heart the welfare of the rising generation. They be lieve that the education needed today must be carried on in a re ligious atmosphere. He thinks that the time will come when a religious training will be given in the elementary schools to the children who attend them. In this connection he says: "I hold it dangerous for the State to ignore the subject of religious education, and to treat it as a matter not of public but of private interest. But I recognize the difficulty of dis covering a satisfactory solution, and consider that, if the State will not provide one, it should at least permit and encourage societies or communities or individuals to do what it declines to perform. Cer tainly, for myself, I have always looked forward to the time when it will be possible to give in the public elementary schools that re ligious teaching to every child or to the great majority of the chil dren which the parents desire. That, it seems to me, is the only solution perfectly consistent with the idea of religious liberty, with the idea of parental responsibility, and with the fundamental princi ple that it is a grave misfortune for a child to be brought up with out any religious knowledge what ever. I plead for a solution which will give us a school system where in it shall not be made difficult to teach religion. But do not let us frame our system so as to pro duce the fantastic illusion that there is such a thing as undog matic religion. Let us frame it in such a manner that the legitimate, wishes,of the parent can be ef fectively carried out in the ease of the vast majority of the children of this country." DOMAIN OF TEMPERANCE FATHER MATHEW. (An Anniversary Poem.) festal day is here, Helper and Friend Of many torn on life's Sore pilgrim age— Priest of the God Incariiate, with strong hands Uplifting from the dust, as He was wont, Downtrodden sinners dying in dee* pair. The past unveils thy monument We feel Thy power redemptive—see the man who wrought At home, abroad, imperishable good, For Jew and Gentile were alike thy care, Deflowered, defiled, slain by one com mon sin. The past unfolds—we see thy early shrine, The staggering victims of a bell-bred plague Reel from their drunken dens into thy sight Thy IN And lo! the cross is shining in thy hand Above the kneeling hamlet, and thy word Smiting an ancient curse, as Michael's sword Flashed in the fields of heaven when the fiend Opposed to God rebellious insolence. Once more thy voice swells on the trembling air: "Behold the demon's work—your hap less homes— Your mothers bow in grief—your or phans wail In cold and hunger—daughters, sold to shame, And sons, all sense of manhood slain, Wallow in drunken cesspools of. their sires.. Swear by the ruin that this fiend has wrought— Your trampled wives, your children clad in rags, Your blasted hopes, and dreams of honor dead, Swear by God's image in your souls defaced, That nevermore the fatal glass will yield For parent lips the sparkling draught of hell." The hamlet swears the oath,—aye, hundreds more From vale to vale thy native Mils among, And far beyond the Emerald Isle 'tis sworn— In Britain's purlieus, Scotia's dens of death, And where, alike in guilt and peni tence, Columbia's children watch beside the wave. Five million pledges! God! what man may do— A. single soul athirst for righteous ness— What may he not achieve for earth and heaven! Such was of old the great Apostle, Paul Who brought the pearl of price to all mankind Or he who braved a thousand leagues of sea, The unknown, billowy depths, and gained a world Or he who prayed in gloomy Valley Forge While freezing night benumbed his bleeding train, And saw above the fields of stained snow The high, white, star of freedom shin ing fair. So runs the bead-roll of undyirfg fame, And such thy brethren are—that galaxy Whereon we gaze with awe, saint, hero, sage, Immortal lamps lit by the torch of heaven, Star-dials on our thorn-set pilgrimage, That point through darkness to a grander day. W. H. S. TEMPERANCE IN LABRADOR. "Practically no alcoholic liquors are sold in Labrador, says Dr. Grenfell, not a licensed house exists. Thousands of our fishermen are absolute ah* stainers on principle. We have not one policeman stationed along the whole coast, not one among 25,000 people. We have no penitentiary, and there has not been, to my knowledge, a conviction for drunkenness Surely, in a great fishing communi ty, amid extremes of cold, with little variety in food, and that often poor, this is a remarkable statement. "There is no need for liquor in these subarctic climates," adds Dr. Grenfell. "On the contrary, the first man to go down in hard physical con ditions is almost always the drinking man." HENRY CLAY ON FATHER MATHEW. Henry Clay, in supporting the reso lution to honor Father Mathew with a seat on the floor of Congress, said: "It is but a merited tribute of re spect to a man who has achieved a great social revolution—a revolution in which no blood has been shed, which has involved no dissolution a revolution which has been achieved without violence, and a greater one, perhaps, than has ever been accom plished by any benefactor of man* kind." $ Thus Father Mathew was ac corded an honor never granted to foreigner up to that time, except the gallant Lafayette. Two days later President Filmore entertained Fathefl? Mathew at a dinner, at which were present fifty of America's foremost citizens.