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AMERICA'S TRIBUTE TOJBLUMBUS INSPIRING SCENES MARKED UN VEILING OF THE COLUMBUS MEMORIAL IN WASHINGTON. Address by President Taft—Italian Ambassador Draws the Cords— GraRd Parade With 20,000 Knights in Line—1,500 at Banquet—Vast Throngs Attend Ceremony—Wash ington En Fete. On Saturday, June 8, the city of Washington was en fete. Prom all parts ef the United States and its island possessions, from Canada on the north and Mexico and Cuba on the south, delegations of Knights of Columbus came to the National Capital to unite with their fellow-citizens in honoring the memory of Christopher Columbus, the discoverer of the west ern world. It is estimated that sixty thousand visitors crowded the plaza in front of the Union Station and the great avenues that lead to it in order to witness the festivities connected with the dedication of the Columbus memorial, the tardy, but sincere, trib ute of the nation whose foundation he made possible. In this central spot, at the gateway of the national life of America, his likeness in abiding mar ble was unveiled by the nation's lead ers while cheering thousands paid him homage. Celebration after celebration, lasting all through the day and night, marked the final outward recognition of the magnificent achievement of the great Genoese navigator. The weather was perfect for such an event. Long before the hour set for the unveiling, every point of vantage was taxed to its capacity. Promptly at three o'clock President Taft, ac companied by Mrs. Taft, Colonel Cos by, superintendent of public buildings and grounds, and his military and naval aides, took his place on the stand erected in front of the memorial which was covered with two hugh American flags beside which hung the flags of Italy and of Spain. Secretary of State Knox presided and introduced Mgr. Shahan, Rector of the Catholic University, who gave the invocation. He was followed by Justice Dowling, of the New York Supreme Court, who delivered an ad dress recounting the history of Colum bus' achievements and praising his bravery. Then former Congressman James T. McCleary, of Minnesota, a member of the Memorial Commission which chose the design and site for the monument, drew from the life of Columbus the lesson that his perse verance, bravery and intelligence teach. Memorial Unveiled. The* came the most impressive mo ment ia the celebration. After the llarquis Cusani Confalonieri, the Ital ian Ambassador, made a brief address in English and in Italian he drew the cords which unveiled the Memorial. As the flags were drawn aside the im posing figure of Columbus came into view and a battery of artillery from Fort Meyer boomed forth a salute of twenty-one guns, while the Marine *$and, stationed directly in front of the statue, began the stirring strains Of the "Star-Spangled Banner." After the unveiling President Taft delivered the principal address, in which he extolled the achievements of Columbus and told the story of the struggles Which ended in the discovery of America. The Parade. At the conclusion of his address President Taft reviewed the proces sion which was the largest parade of fraternal organizations that ever took place in Washington. It is estimated that 20,000 of the 50,000 in line were Knights of Columbus, representing all the States of the Union and all the Countries in which the Order is estab ltshed. In addition to this, there were many fraternal organizations all of whom followed the lead of 2,500 United States soldiers and sailors. In the parade there were many beautiful floats depicting scenes in the life of Columbus. At the head of the Knights of Columbus rode the Supreme Knight, James A. Flaherty, of Philadelphia. The Banquet. In tile evening fifteen hundred men, the largest number that ever gathered around a banquet board in the District of Columbus, filled Convocation Hall. At the guest table were His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons, the Supreme Officers of the Knights of Columbus, Members of Congress, prominent South Ameri can diplomats, and noted Catholic clergymen. During the course of the evening addresses were delivered by Cardinal Gibbons, Speaker Clark, Representative Underwood of Ala Catholic bama, Director John Barrett of the Pan-American Union, Representative Mann of Illinois, George F. Monaghan of Detroit, Joseph Scott of California, and others. It was a fitting climax to the day's festivities. On Sunday most of the visiting Knights and their friends gathered around Washington's Monument to participate in the second annual field Mass for the dead soldiers and sailors of the Spanish War. It is estimated that twenty thousand persons were present on this occasion. The Mass was celebrated by the Rev. Charles M. Bart, and the sermon was preached by Mgr. Russell, pastor of the Church of St. Patrick. His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons, who pre sided at the Mass, was escorted from St. Patrick's Church to the Monument lot by four divisions of the United Spanish War veterans and thousands of Catholics. COLLEGE OP ST. THO Graduates Thirty in the Collegiate Department—Seventeen in the Com mercial and Fifty in the High School—The Archbishop Presides at the Commencement Exercises and Delivers an Address. The closing exercises of the College of St. Thomas took place on Friday afternoon in the Aula Maxima of the St. Paul Seminary in the presence of an audience that thronged the hall to its utmost capacity. The program con sisted of three graduation addresses, a few musical numbers rendered by the College Orchestra and songs sung by the Choral Club. The orations pos sessed a more than ordinary interest from the fact that they dealt with topics which are burning questions of the hour—war and peace. Mr. Ray mond Scallen, of Minneapolis, strove to show that war has its roots in the very constitution of the world, and inveighed against the vices that fol low in the train of peace. Mr. Frank A. McMahon, of Waseca, pleaded for the possibility of world peace, con demning the dispositions that lead to war, and arguing that peace is a moral and an economic necessity of nations. Both addresses were brilliantly de veloped. The Valedictory was deliv ered by Mr. Leo T. Murphy, of Minne apolis. In a beautifully conceived speech he gave touching expression to the loyalty of the graduating classes to their Alma Mater. The Most Reverend Archbishop con ferred the diplomas and medals, and spoke oh Catholic Education. He had a word of commendation for the ad dresses which had formed the core of the programme, and a word of con gratulation for the successful year which St. Thomas had brought to a close. His Grace then developed the idea of education, emphasizing the need of a training which, based on sound psychological principles, de velops power of mind, and, based on Christian principles, teaches the true science of life. In the Collegiate Department thirty young men received diplomas. In the High School Department fifty students were graduated, while seventeen Com mercial students brought their studies to a happy conclusion. The past year has marked an im portant advance in the history of St. Thomas. Indeed, in many respects it has been the most successful year in the history of the institution. The examinations held at the close of the term were particularly gratifying, giv ing unequivocal evidence of the spirit of study that animated the student body. The students well deserved the words of praise bestowed on them by the Most Reverend Archbishop, who had himself visited the classes during the month of May. Then the attend ance was also very encouraging: the College roster shows that six hundred and eighty-three students were regis tered since last September. Finally, the magnificent Residence Hall, erect ed and occupied in the course of the year, gave ample accommodations for the large attendance and makes pro vision for the still larger attendance that time will inevitably bring. GIFT TOJISTERS Mrs. Thomas F. Ryan has again shown her generous zeal in the cause of Catholic higher education by the gift to the Sisters of the Holy Child Jesus of a fifty-room mansion, of gar dens, orchards and all that add charm to a country residence. It is within an hour's run of New York City, and within a mile of Montebello Farm, the Ryan country seat. In September the Sisters, who enjoy an enviable reputa tion as educators, will open a board ing academy for young ladies and a day school for the children of the neighborhood. PKULIST CHORISTERS Receive Praise From Holy Father and From Eminent Choir Masters in Europe—Their Success in the Paris Competition Proves That Chicago Has the Best Choir in the World. Last week we referred to the signal honor won by the Paulist Choristers of Chicago under the direction of the Rev. W. J. Finn, C. S. P., at the Inter national Musical Fete held in Paris on May 28. They were awarded the first prize in the honor division which means that they received the highest diploma of the whole contest in com petition with nearly five hundred choral organizations of Europe in which twenty-five thousand musicians took part. Many compliments were paid them by the leaders in musical circles in Europe. Isidor De Lara, the famous composer, said: "We have never heard anything like this choir. It is a thing apart. It is unique. This choir satisfies every desire of the musical heart. Purity of tone, precision of attack, color and singular finesse are characteristics of it. It has such finesse as belongs to great artists. They take a high note and hold it and it never varies for a moment in intona tion. They must return to us." The musical director of the Cathe dral of Ghent, who heard the Chicago choristers in Notre Dame, said: "I cannot tell how much pleasure you have given me. I never have heard voices so blended and so disembodied as these. I want them to come and sing in the Cathedral of Ghent. Theirs are not sixty voices, but one voice. I never heard anything like their cres cendo and diminuendo. It rises in the nave of the church as though it were a disembodied spirit." Choirmaster Ferrey, of Westminster Abbey, said: "I thought American voices could not be trained as English tenors are. I believed the nasal sound gave American voices a wooden qual ity. When Father Finn was here last summer he made many claims for the American voice. I have tested these claims in every way, and they are all well founded. This choir is wonder ful." On June 4 the Choristers sang in Rome for the Holy Father, who was deeply interested in the manner in which they interpreted the music of the Catholic Church. At the conclu sion of the singing the Holy Father, advancing towards Father Finn, con ferred on him the degree of Magister Cantorum and said: "I congratulate you on the admirable way in which these boys are trained and especially on the wonderful manner in which they have sung the praises of Our Lady. I hope they will ever" continue to sing as they have today—that is like angels." On June 5 the Choristers sailed from Naples en route for Chicago whither they bear with them the greatest mu sical triumph of Europe. Their suc cess at Paris demonstrated that Chi cago has the best choir in the world. FIRST SLOVAK CONVENT Will Be Erected at Middletown, Pa* by the First Catholic Slovak Union —Weekly Paper Will Be Published There Also. At the fifteenth biennial convention of the First Catholic Slovak Union held in Cleveland last week it was de cided to build a convent upon the property owned by the Union at Mid dletown, Pa., and place it in charge of the Sisters of SS. Cyril and Methodius. This will be the only Slovak convent in the United States. The novices for this sisterhood are being trained at Mount St. Mary's, Scranton, Pa., and as soon as the new building is ready for occupancy it will become the Motherhouse of the community in America. About seventy thousand dol lars have already been collected for this purpose and additional funds will be raised by a voluntary monthly as sessment upon the members of the Union. The Sisters are a teaching community and will have charge of the Slovak schools. The First Catholic Slovak Union was founded in 1890 by the Rev. Stephen Furdek, pastor of the parish of Our Lady of Lourdes in Cleveland. It has at present 33,000 members and 600 branches. During the last two years it collected $1,008,000 for mortu ary assessments and has a balance of $300,000 in the treasury. It owns the Jednota, a weekly paper founded by Father Furdek and published by him for more than twenty years in Cleve land. Last year the Union erected a printing plant on the property con sisting of 330 acres of land which it owns at Middletown, and transferred the paper to that place. 1 ST. PAUL, MINN., JUNE 15, 1912. ST. (DIES CIJIC1 WITED MAGNIFICENT EDIFICE IN AUSTRI AN BAROQUE STYLE OPENED FOR DIVINE WORSHIP. Dedication and Sermon by the Most Reverend Archbishop—Pontifical .Mass and Vespers by Bishop Trobec }—Church Cost $200,000—Father Sol nee Pastor. With impressive ceremony the new Church of St. Anges, Thomas and Kent streets, St. Paul, was dedicated by the Most Reverend Archbishop on Sunday, June 9. The services began at ten o'clock with a procession from the parochial residence to the church in which the altar boys and the semi nary choir and thirty-two priests par ticipated together with the celebrant of the Mass, the Right Reverend Bishop Trobec of St. Cloud, and the Most Reverend Archbishop accom panied by his chaplains, Father Schae fer of St. Paul Seminary and Father O'Neill of St. Michael's Church. Dur ing the dedication services which were performed by the Most Reverend Arch bishop the student choir of the St. Paul Seminary sang the litany under the direction of Father Missia. It was followed by Solemn Pontifical Mass at which Bishop Trobec officiated, as sisted by the Rev. A. Ogulin as Arch priest, Rev. G. E. Plank as Deacon and Rev. A. J. Losleben as Subdeacon. Rev. A. Ziskovsky and Rev. P. Rems kar were masters of ceremonies. After the Gospel the Most Reverend Archbishop preached a sermon on the necessity of religion and congratulated the pastor and people of St. Agnes' parish on their splendid church which was a monument to their self-sacrific ing zeal for the honor of religion and the glory of God. After Mass Bishop Trobec preached a sermon in German in which he dwelt on the progress that has taken place in the parish of Stj Agnes since its establishment, a qnurter of a century ago. Lfter Mass the prelates and priestB were entertained at dinner in the Sis ters' convent by the pastor, Rev. J. M. Solnce, and dinner was provided for the people in the parish hall. In the afternoon at three o'clock Ponti fical Vespers was celebrated by Bishop Trobec of St. Cloud. The New Church. The parish of St. Agnes was organ ized in 1887 by the Rev. James Trobec, now the Right Reverend Bishop of St. Cloud. In the early years Mass was celebrated in the school building. The basement of the present church was built in the summer of 1897 shortly before Bishop Trobec's consecration. He was succeeded in the pastorate by the Rev. J. M. Solnce and for many years the congregation continued to worship In the basement which was used as a temporary church. In the meantime plans were being perfected for the completion of the edifice by George Ries under the direction of Father Solnce. On October 7, 1910, the twenty-fifth anniversary of Father Solnce's ordination, the cornerstone was laid by Bishop Trobec and the sermon preached by the Most Rever end Archbishop. The new church which cost about $200,000, is built of Bedford sand stone and has a length of about two hundred feet. The auditorium is seventy-two feet wide, and the tran septs eighty-six. It has a seating capacity of twelve hundred and fifty. It is built in the Austrian Baroque style heretofore practically unknown in the United States. The distinctive features of this style are the central nave and two smaller side naves sepa rated by majestic pillars. The beauty of the style is particularly noticeable in the spacious facade with its carved portals and beautiful terraced ap proach. The campanile located on the Thomas street end of the church raises to a height of two hundred and eight feet above the grade and com mands a splendid view of the city. On each side of the building there is a beautiful chapel, the one dedicated to our Blessed Lady, the other used a baptistry. The pastor, Father Solnce, is assisted by the Revs. G. E. Plank, A. Losleben and P. Remskar. CATHOLIC GIRLS' DORMITORY The Catholic Women's Educational League of Texas was organized in San Antonio, Texas, on June 4, by the Catholic women of that city under the presidency of Mrs. Clara Driscoll Sevier. The organization of the League was inspired by the Rev. John Handley, C. S. P., who has been giv ing missions in the South for some time. The first work of the League will be to erect a dormitory for the Catholic girls attending the University of Texas. The President, Mrs. Sevier, started the subscriptions with a dona tion of one thousand dollars. iilktm. "COLUMBUS W I HOLIDAY In Thirty States of the Union October 12 Is a Legal Holiday—New Mexico and Arizona the Latest Additions. During the past few years a move ment inaugurated by the Knights of Columbus for the purpose of making "Discovery Day," October 12, a legal holiday has borne fruit in many states of the Union. At the present time thirty states have placed on their statute books a law making the anni versary of the discovery of America a legal holiday. The two youngest states in the Union, New Mexico and Arizona, recently passed laws to that effect and preparations are being made by the Knights of Columbus for a proper commemoration of the occa sion in these states. The thirty states are: Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, California, Colo rado, Connecticut, Delaware, Idaho, Illinois, Kansas, Kentucky, Maine, Maryland, Massachusetts, Michigan, Missouri, Montana, Nebraska, New Jersey, New Mexico, New York, Ohio, Oklahoma, Oregon, Pennsylvania Rhode Island, Texas, Vermont, Wash ington and West Virginia. BISHOP CHATARO'S GOLDEN JUBILEE Will Be Observed Quietly on June 14 —No Public Celebration. On June 14, 1862, the Rev. F. S. Chatard, D. D., was ordained to the holy priesthood in the Church of St. John Latern, in Rome. The fiftieth anniversary of this event will occur on Friday, June 14, the Feast of the Sacred Heart. Owing to the fact that Bishop Chatard, who has ruled the Diocese of Indianapolis for thirty-four years, is averse to any public com memoration of the event the occasion will not be made memorable by any official celebration. Special prayers for the Bishop will be offered up on that and the following days after Mass. Each priest in the Diocese has been requested to say three Masses for the Bishop beginning on the Feast of the Sacred Heart, and the people will offer up Holy Communion for him on that occasion. Bishop Chatard has practically retired from the active ad ministration of the Diocese in favor of his coadjutor, the Right Reverend Bishop Chatrand. NOUSTRIIL CENTERS FOR THE NEGRO Small Industrial Schools Needed for the 200,000 Catholic Negroes in the United States—Father Burke Back of the Movement. Plans for the establishing of small industrial centers all over the United States for the betterment of the negro is the pet scheme of the Rev. John E. Burke, Director General of Negro Missions of the United States, with national headquarters on the sixth floor of the Metropolitan Building, 1 Madison Avenue, New York. This in defatigable worker for the welfare of the negro is enthused over the idea and has received the encouragement of the Catholic Hierarchy. According to the Reverend Director to preach in dustry, thrift, economy and conscien tious attending to the material mat ters of life is an important feature of the Divine commission to preach "the gospel to every creature." Owing to the lack of funds the establishing of these industrial centers is still in a tentative stage. There are many rea sons in favor of small schools instead of one large industrial center. But as Father Burke observes, if we could only get the small centers, the big center would follow as a matter of course. It is an acknowledged fact that If the negro cause is to prosper these industrial schools must be estab lished to complete the work of the Church in making the negro a good Catholic and a credit to the state. There are only two hundred thousand Catholic negroes in a population of over ten millions in the United States. Already these two hundred thousand souls have shown by their lives and example what can be accomplished. Given the advantage of our holy re ligion the ten millions would become a great factor in the Church and no longer would the name of negro be a reproach or a blot on the morality of the state—as many hold. •BO'ETY, Number 24 2 S— 0110111/11II TOE SUMMO! The 1§ a Reverend Archbishop Con ferig Priesthood on Twenty-Three Ye Levites and the Subdeacon 8(/ n Eleven—Minor Orders and jre Given by Bishop Lawler— Seminary Closes for Mid-Summer Vacation. Last week was ordination week in the St. Paul Seminary. It opened on the evening of June 2 with the exer cises of the retreat conducted by the Rev. J. H. Gaughan, pastor of the Church of St. Stephen, Minneapolis. During the early part of the week the Right Reverend Bishop Lawler con ferred Minor Orders on seventeen students and Tonsure on thirty-one. In addition to this he promoted to the deaconship several students who were to be ordained to the priesthood. The Most Reverend Archbishop offi ciated at the ordination service held on Friday, June 7. At eight o'clock the celebrant and his ministers, pre ceded by the students and the young levites who were to be ordained sub deacons and priests, went in proces sion from the Administration Building to St. Mary's Chapel where, on en tering, they were greeted by the Sem inary choir under the direction of the Rev. Francis Missia. The Most Rev erend Archbishop was assisted by the Very Rev. Francis Schaefer, D. D., Rector of the Seminary, as archpriest, and Fathers Ziskovsky and Perigord as masters of ceremonies. The following are the names of the students upon whom the subdeacon ship was conferred and of the Dioceses in which they will labor after ordina tion: Revs. Leo P. Gleason, St. Paul Joseph A. Hannan, St. Paul James C. Treacy, Fargo Leo J. Chapman, De troit Mathias J. Manternach, Dubu que Herman J. McKenna, Winona Michael Schmitt, Bismarck Mathias M. Hoffmann, Dubuque Edward De Courcy, St. Paul Anthony Wojciesz czuk, Sioux Falls, and Ernest J. Mc Donald. Dubuque. The deacons who were elevated to the dignity of the priesthood were: Revs. William J. Harrington, Thomas F. Keane, Michael A. McRaith, J. Fran cis Nolan, Joseph T. Barron, Edward F. Casey, John J. Cullinan, Walter A. Daly, Andrew J. Koller, Francis J. Rakowski, Joseph B. Webber, Ernest P. Rickert and Lawrence Lynch for the Archdiocese of St. Paul Vincent J. Ryan, Charles W. Fay, Matthew G. Hart, William C. Schimmel for the Diocese of Fargo Patrick G. Ryan, for the Diocese of Sioux Falls David J. Ryszka, for the Diocese of Winona William H. Grace, for the Diocese of Green Bay Frederick W. McKinley and Joseph E. Linkenmeyer for the Archdiocese of Dubuque and Paul Wiese for the Diocese of Omaha. Dur ing the year the following members of the class were ordained: The Revs. Martin P. Weidner and Ignatius J. Mazurowski for the Archdiocese of Chicago William P. Fitzgerald for the Diocese of Omaha and John J. Oman for the Diooese of Cleveland. The Rev. Terrence T. Kelly will be or dained at Detroit next month and the Rev. Peter J. Gadient of the Archdio cese of St Paul was too ill to be or dained with his classmates. The ordination services was at tended by a large number of the rela tives and friends of the young priests who taxed the St. Mary Chapel to the limit of its capacity. There was a large number of clergymen and Sis ters present from different parts of the Northwest. With the ordination serv ice the year's work at the Seminary was brought to a close and in the afternoon most of the students left to speiid a well-earned vacation among their relatives and friends. The Semi nary will re-open on Tuesday, Sep tember 10. MOMSIGNOH LAURI VISITS AMERICA Bearer of the Scarlet Blretta to C# dlnal Machio of Spain Visits Ameri ca—Professor fn the Propaganda. The Right Reverend Mgr. Lorenzo Lauri, Apostolic Chancellor, and for twenty years professor in the College of the Propaganda at Rome, is on a visit to America, where he will spend a vacation of about two months, and during his tour will visit many of his former pupils who are now engaged la parochial and professional duties la this country. Mgr. Lauri was appointed by His Holiness Pius to bear the Scarlet Biretta to His Eminence Cardinal Cos y Machio, Archbishop of Vallidolid in Spain, who was elevated to the Sacred College at the Consistory held last November. While at Madrid he waa the guest at dinner of King Alfonso and the Queen of Spain.