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Published every Saturday at 315 New ton Bldg., Fifth and St. Minnesota Streets, Paul, Minnesota, by The Catholic Bulletin Publishing Co. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $1.50 a year, payable in advance. Advertising Rates en Application. All advertisements are under editor* ial supervision. None but reliable firms and reputable lines of business are ad vertised and recommended to our read ers. A mention of THE CATHOLIC BULLETIN, when writing to advertisers, will be mutually beneficial. The mailing label on your paper is a receipt for your subscription, and a re minder of the date of its expiration. To insure change of address, the sub scriber must give the old, as well as the new, address. Remittance may be made by Draft, Post Office or Express Money Order or Registered Letter, addressed to THE CATHOLIC BULLETIN, 315 Newton Bldg., St. Paul, Minnesota. REV. JAMES M. REARDON, S. L. Editor. O'CONNOR, Business Manager. B. P. KOLESKY, Advertising Manager. Entered as second-class matter, Jan uary 12, 1911, at the post office, St. Paul. Minn., under Act «f March 3. 1171. SATURDAY, JUNE 22,1912. Last week's issue of the "Northwest Progress" of Seattle, Wash., was a Diamond Jubilee Number commemorating the es tablishment of the Church in the State of Washington and illustrat ing its growth and development since the first Mass was said in 1838. In its one hundred and twenty pages it contains much interesting reading matter, espe cially for the Catholics of the State of Washington. A Gaelic Literary Association was formed recently in New York by men of all creeds who are in terested in the preservation of Irish literature stored in libraries and museums. Rev. Michael J. 0'Flanagan, envoy of the Gaelic League, is directing the work of the Association. A national head quarters will be opened and lec tures by men and women versed in Irish lore will be given. On June 9, His Eminence Car dinal Farley officiated at the lay ing of the corner stone of St. Jo seph's Cathedral, Buffalo, N. Y., which is being erected under the direction of Bishop Colton of that See. The sermon was preached by the Most Reverend Archbishop Keane of Dubuque. The parade which followed the sermon mar shalled more than thirty thousand men from all the parishes in the Diocese. During the pontificate of Pius X, forty-six new dioceses have been erected throughout the world. Eleven of these are in the United States. They are: Fall River, Mass., and Great Falls, Mont., erected in 1904 Superior, Wis., and Oklahoma City, in 1905 Rockford, 111., in 1908 Crookston, Minn., Bismark N. D., and Toledo, Ohio, in 1910 Des Moines, Iowa, in 1911 Corpus Christi, Texas, and Kearney, Neb., in 1912. On the occasion of the presenta tion of the Laetare medal to the Honorable Thomas Mulry of New York, Mr. Edward Lauterbach, representing the Jewish Chari table Association of New York, paid a noteworthy tribute to the Catholic Church for her charitable work. Although his co-religion ists, he said, were proud of their charitable institutions, yet, "there was not one of these that did not owe its being to Catholic example. They have followed the lead of the sisterhoods, the brotherhoods, the St. Vincent de Paul Society and the Catholic body as all must do who would institute or de velop any work of organized charity." He concluded by stat ing that the Jews and the Cath olics of New York had stood to gether in securing and defending the rights of their charitable in stitutions, and thej were prepared to do so in future if necessary in order to ward off the attacks of! bigotry. Elsewhere in this issue we pub lish the letter of Mr. Max Pam of Chicago to Cardinal Gibbons, in which he communicates to the Board of Trustees of the Catholic University of Washington his in tention of founding therein five scholarships of five thousand dol lars each for the study of the so cial sciences. I* this letter he* pays a noble tribute to the Cath olic Church as the great conserva tive force in our modern life. Mr. Pam is a firm believer in the necessity of religion in education and on more than one occasion he has manifested this interest in a manner that might be imitated with profit by others, and especially by well-to-do Catholics. Mr. Pain is a Jewish-American jurist, but he recognizes the fact that the Catholic Church stands for the principle of religion in education and he knows that any gifts made to her for that purpose will prove of lasting good to the nation. His gift of fifty thousand dollars to the University of Notre Dame for the founding of a Chair of Journalism is on a par with his bequest to the Catholic Uni versity. For many years retreats for lay men have been given in the East, especially in New York. The work is now being taken up in many parts of the Northwest. These retreats usually open on Friday and close on Monday morning so that the business and professional men who participate in them lose very little time from their or dinary engagements. The object of the retreat is to give the busy layman an opportunity to meditate upon the great truths of religion under the guidance of a retreat master, and to devote a few days to prayer followed by the recep tion of the Sacraments in a place whither the noise and bustle of the busy world of which he forms a part does not penetrate. In this spiritual oasis the layman re freshes himself for the battle of life by giving due consideration to the things that appertain to God and to the welfare of his soul. GRAND JURY REPORT. The final report of the Ramsey County Grand Jury submitted last week calls attention to the faet that the cases brought before it fall into two classes, namely, offenses against the persons of young girls, and offenses due wholly to the illegal selling of liquor. In regard to the first class the report says that they are due "primarily to the entire absence of moral responsibility on the part of the offender, and secondly, to the ignorance and carelessness of the parents or guardians of the young people." Under the second head it charges that the laws regulating the selling of liquor, in so far as they apply to minors and to intoxicated persons, as well as to the presence of wanton women in saloons, are being constantly violated. To remedy this, it says, the license of the of fenders should be revoked. "We believe that the revocation of a dozen saloon licenses in St. Paul would lessen the work of future grand juries by at least one-half, and we recommend to the Board of Police Commissioners a more vigorous supervision of saloons, and to the proper authorities that violations of the law be followed in every case by a revocation of the license of the offender." This suggestion is a very prac tical one and, if carried out with impartiality by those in authority, would instill a wholesome fear of the law into the minds of those who now transgress it ap parently with impunity. St. Paul has four hundred and ten saloons and if the licenses of a dozen or more of the violators of the law were revoked it would work no hardship on the public. On the contrary, it would be a great blessing if many more than that were put out of business. It would purify the moral atmosphere of the city polluted by the presence of so many disreputable saloons The report of the Grand Jury is very emphatic on this point. It says: "Both young and old are being debauched and criminal ized, and the law is repeatedly violated to the sole end that saloon keeper may add a few dimes to his till." The mad rush to make money by any means, no matter how questionable, lies at the root of this unwholesome state of affairs. Where saloons are so numerous what can be expected but violation of the law In addi tion to paying the license fee, the saloon keeper must live and where competition is keen he must, per force, resort to illegal and im moral methods in order to make it worth his while to continue in the business. Such a condition is detrimental to the moral welfare of any city that tolerates it. In view of what the Grand Jury says regarding offences against the persons of young girls parents ought to awake to the responsibility that rests upon them of doing all that lies in their power to purify the moral atmosphere of the city and minimize the number of pitfalls that beset the pathway of the young and innocent. In the words of the report, "it should be evident to the mind of every parent that young girls must not be allowed unrestrainedly to select their associates or to spend a large portion of their time en tirely free from parental influence and supervision." It is not im probable, however, that the report of the grand jury will be placed on file and forgotten by the public who alone can remedy the dis graceful state of affairs to which it refers. CATHOLIC COLONIZATION SOCIETY. The Catholic Colonization Soci ety is an organization incorporated under the laws of the State of Il linois in 1911 for the purpose of fostering, promoting and protect ing Catholic interests through Ca tholic colonization. It is national in scope in as much as its opera tions are not confined to any one section of the United States, and its membership comprises repre sentatives of the different races that go to make up the Catholic population of this country—Bel gians, Germans, Irish, Bohemians, Italians and Poles. It has the ap proval of the American Hierarchy who are represented officially by the Most Reverend Archbishop Glennon of St. Louis, its Director General, and the Most Reverend Archbishop Messmer of Milwau kee, Chairman of the Executive Committee. The officers of the So ciety are: President, Rev. Julius De Vos, Chicago Vice President, Right Reverend Mgr. McMahon, New York Secretary, Very Rev. E. J. Vattmann, Wilmette, 111 Treasurer, Rev. A. Spetz, C. R., Chicago. Its office is located in the Temple, Chicago. 111. The Catholic Colonization Soci ety is desirous that other coloniz ation societies, whether national or diocesan, affiliate with it in order to facilitate the work of establish ing Catholic colonies in the newer parts of the country. The Society is in no sense of the word a finan cial organization established for money-making or profit-sharing purposes. It has no capital, buys and sells no land, does not control any land or polony and is not fi nancially interested in any land company. Its sole purpose is to assist Catholic immigrants in find ing a home in the United States and forming a colony in which fa cilities will be' afforded for the practice of their religion. To that end it deals with reputable land companies whose honesty and re liability are beyond question. The policy which the Society follows in dealing with land com panies desirous of starting one or more Catholic colonies on their holdings is as follows: It exam ines, by its own selected agents, the particular tract of land offered for a Catholic colony, giving speci al attention to climate and sani tary conditions, the quality and productiveness of the soil, the fa cilities for transportation and marketing, the means of communi cation with other towns, the sup v ood, timber and fuel, good and healthful drinking water and so on. When the Society has suf ficient assurance that the land of fered is well adapted for coloniza tion and may be safely recom mended to prospective settlers, it arranges with the land company for the reservation of such por tions of the land as will be neces sary for the location and develop ment of a colony. It then agrees upon the most favorable prices and terms for which the land will be sold to Catholic settlers. Besides all this the Society ar ranges with the land company for the building of a suitable church, school and priest's house to be erected within a certain time or as soon as a given number of Catholic families shall have settled there. The Company must, more over, guarantee the salary of a priest for a certain time to be agreed upon. None of these ar rangements are made without the previous eonsent of the Bishop of the diocese in which the colony is located. When these prelimina ries have been settled in a satisfac tory manner the Catholic Coloni zation Society gives a formal en dorsement or recommendation of the colony and brings it before the Catholic public in this country and in Europe. This recommendation applies only to the land examined by the Society and described in its contract with the company and not to any or all other lands owned by the company, even though they are in close proximity to the tracts approved of by the Society. Once the Society has given its approval to a colony Catholic set tlers may rest assured that every precaution that may be reason ably demanded has been taken to proteet their temporal and spir itual interest. Naturally, as far as the future is concerned, it re mains entirely with the colonist himself to make his land bear fruit and profit. Here, as elsewhere, labor is the source of wealth. All land companies are given an offi cial endorsement for the tracts ap proved by the Catholic Coloniza y .r* C* *C7"*» «pr$ THE CATHOLIC BULLETIN, JUtfE 22,1912. tion Society and are able to pro duce this documentary evidence of good faith when called upon to do so. BACK TO THE CATECHISM. The ordinary Catechism, as every one knows, contains a brief outline of Christian doctrine in its simplest form. It does not pur port to give more than an ele mentary exposition of what the Church teaches in a form suited to the child mind. This may be paid to furnish a framework upon which will be disposed in after life that fuller knowledge of Catholic truth in all its phases which comes with mature years and a fuller realization of the value of a more intimate acquaint ance with the deposit of faith en trusted to the Church. The compilers of the Cathechism tried to accommodate it to the average mental capacity of chil dren. The lessons are short and their contents set forth in simple language. Those who have tried to put the Church's teaching into the accents of childhood know how difficult is the task and hence it is not to be wondered at that here and there the Catechism is not as simple as the learner would wish it to be. It leaves much to be explained and illustrated by the competent teacher. Notwithstanding its simplicity it is safe to say that the majority of children look upon the study of the Catechism as a drudgery to be escaped from as soon as pos sible. How many there are who give a sigh of relief on the day of Confirmation and rejoice that the bond between them and the catechism is at last broken. They feel it a relief to be rid of the burden which the catechism imposes on those who have not mastered its contents. Even though they realize that they are not as familiar with its contents as they ought to be, they feel that they are no longer expected to scan its pages after they have left th Sunday school. No greater mistake than this could be made. The catechism should not be cast aside forever when recourse to its chapters is no longer enforced by the demands of Sunday school. It should be a companion through life because for the majority of Catholics there is an ever-present necessity to refresh their minds with its simple and direct teaching. Why should a Catholic be ashamed to be seen reviewing its lessons from time to time after his graduation from the Sunday school class? For most of us it is the text-book of reli gion. It is true we are expected to supplement its teaching by the study of more complete works dealing with the doctrines of the Church: but, nevertheless, the Cathechism always remains the text-book of religion. Professional men, doctors, law yers, etc., do not cast aside their text-books at the close of their university courses. They are ever on the alert to add to the store of knowledge gleaned from this source. If they did not do that, if they did not strive to keep in touch with the latest develop ments in their respective profes sions, they would soon fall behind in the race for position and compe tence. So also it must be with Catholics, who do not refresh their minds with the principles of relig ion learned in their youth and add to their store of knowledge year after year. They, too, will fall below the standard of intelligence demanded of those who should take part in that great battle for God and truth which the Church is waging among the sons of men and become incapable of doing a layman's share in the task of preaching the Gospel "to every creature" which was assigned to the Church by the Savior Him self. Back to the Cathechism, then, if not in reality, at least in spirit Drink in once more its simple ex position of Christian doctrine and, by adding to the store of present knowledge, obtain a firmer grasp of the truths of eternal moment Back to the Cathechism in order that each one, by familiarity with its concise teaching, may be able to set before non-Catholics the truths of religion in all their sub lime beauty and attractiveness and be ready to solve the objec tions and answer the questions asked by those who are not mem bers of the one true fold. Back to the Cathechism for the comfort to be derived from the consciousness of being equipped with sufficient knowledge to serve the Church of God in the sphere of life to which each one is called. Nothing short a thorough acquaintance with the teaching of the Cathechism can make a Catholic a fit minister of the Gospel and enable him to shed upon minds darkened by ignor ance and obscured by prejudice the light of God-given truth. THE BLACK Ml DO IIIIII Famous German Shrine with Historic Past. 1 had never attended a pilgrimage before, says a recent writer, but I was advised to take the Abbey of Einsiedeln, on my way to Lucerne. "It is off the beaten track," my friend said "but, then, you say the tourist beaten path is abhorrent to you, so it won't matter." So we started off over the Hacken Pass, where, in the strenuous days before railways were invented, the pilgrims wended their weary way to the wonder-working shrine. It was easy enough for them to follow the beaten track across the steep, stony mountain, but since the pilgrim wanders no more, the path has also ceased to wander, or, rather, wanders away, and loses itself in space, and we also lost ourselves. But at last we gained the right road, and we followed it tenaciously—no more short cuts for us after our experiences on the Hacken—and suddenly over the quiet green meadows two twin spires rose into view. The holy Meinrad, a scion of the House of Hohenzollern, tired early of the world, the flesh, and the devil, and sought a retreat in the dark wood behind the forbidding peaks of the twin Mythen. Here he built himself a little chapel, and spent his time in prayer and meditation, and in caring for the souls of the simple peasants and here one dark day he was mur dered by two robbers, who, hearing of his sanctity and of the crowds who traveled from far to attend him, fondly imagined that his treasure must be as certain as his fame. Two ravens the holy man had fed led to the robbers being handed over to justice, Meinrad was avenged and canonized a saint, and on the spot where he built his little chapel in 828 stands now the lordly Abbey of Ein siedeln. Abbey of Einsiedeln. The Abbey itself has been five times devoured by fire, but Meinrad's little chapel—famous for its consecra tion by angels and for its curious Black Madonna and Child—escaped the flames each time, only to be torn asunder and scattered to the winds in the stormy days of the Revolution, an act of sheer vandalism that will aways be a stain on the record of the French. But even this brutal act did less harm than might have been expected. The denizens of the Klos ter were warned in time, and the more famous relics and papers were re moved to a place of safety. The Black Madonna, to whom Einsiedeln owes part of its fame, was carried away and buried on a mountain pass, and then removed by safe stages finally as far as Trieste, where she remained for two long years, being brought back in triumph at last to her ancient home. In the meantime the scattered rem nants of the little chapel had been carefully gathered together, a beam taken from here, a marble pillar from there, and when the materials, scat tered far and wide, had all been care fully collected, the chapel was rebuilt in exactly the same spot, and as nearly as possible in its original shape and dimensions. Many precious relics have been lost, but the head of the Holy St. Meinrad had been preserved by a Protestant friend of the Church, and was delivered up in safety and placed back on the altar beneath the Madonna and Child once more, and then the Abbey was erected yet once again, built round and over the little Gnaden-Kapelle, a chapel within a church. Here the sick come to be healed, both mentally and physically, and their crutches are hung up near the chapel to testify to the power of the wonderful Black Madonna. Pilgrims Numerous. No child is brought to Einsiedeln till he has made his first Communion, and then he is brought to the little town, or, rather, village, in the Alp thai, on a pilgrimage to impress the great event of his life on his memory. Napoleon III was brought to Einsie deln by his mother, the beautiful Queen Hortense, on this momentous occasion, and when he became Emepror of the French he presented the Abbey wi** a wonderful candelabra of which the inhabitants are very proud. Lights, however, are seldom used in the church, all devotions are carried on by the twilight of the candles burning at the various shrines, and lit by the hands of the pilgrims for, although the 14th of September, the day of the mysterious consecration of the little chapel, is the day for the great pilgrimage at Einsiedeln, yet every week-end pilgrims from the sur rounding villages, even as far away as the Black Forest, troop into the place, and pray audibly and fervently at the various shrines, and, after the final singing by the monks of the "Salva Regina," at the evening ceremony, each little band of pilgrims, with an appointed leader, goes reverently and kneels before the shrine, and their cry goes up to heaven in a curious rushing babel of sound that swells and swells till the very rafters ring, prayers that are probably all the more welcome on high because they rise, like Abel's incense, from the lips of the true heart. "OUT tokens of love are lor the most part barbarous, cold and lifeless because they do not represent our life," says Emerson. "The only per fect gift is a portion of thyself, there fore let the farmer give his corn the miner, the gem the sailor, coral and shells the painter, his picture and the poet, his poem." DOMAIN OP TEMPERANCE. A ftTAONG ARGUMENT FOft TOTAL ABSTINENCE. Whatever their differences In other directions, social workers in Europe seem to be agreed on one point, name ly, that one who is working to save victims of the drink habit, must, in order to be successful, be himself a total abstainer. Experience has shown that a moderate drinker can not work with advantage for the permanent up lift of drink victims. Total abstinence is the only safe ground for one who has been a drinker and the only one who can inspire in a drinker the ambi tion to be absolutely free from the habit is one who is himself a total abstainer. The fact, conceded even by some who favor the restriction as against the abolition of the liquor traffis, is a strong argument in favor of total abstinence, on the principle stated by Paul: "Wherefore, if meat make my brother to offend, I will eat no flesh while the world standeth, lest I make my brother to offend" (I Cor. 8:13). -Life and Health HOW'MUCH ALCOHOL MAY BE TAKEN DAILY? Professor Abel of Johns Hopkins University is quoted by the liquor papers as stating that a man may drink one and one-half ounces of whisky a day without damage. This would be at most three-fourths of an ounce of alcohol. Dr. Arnold Lorand, a Carlsbad physician, states that one or two tablespoonsful of whisky three times a day is a large quantity which would be at most an ounce and a half of alcohol. Of course, what a physician regards as a large quantity cannot be taken without damage. But whether the quantity of alcohol and consequent damage be great or small at first with the man who can drink and let it alone, they both grow, the damage becoming such that the man cannot let it alone if he would. The only way to escape the damage is to avoid the cause. PROHIBITION DECREASES INSAN ITY IN KANSAS. The report of the superintendent of the State hospitals of Kansas shows a decided decrease in the number of pa tients committed to the institution for the care of the insane. The report contains the following: The superintendent of the State in sane hospitals and the members of the State board of control believe it is due to the enforcement of the pro hibitory law and the laws suppressing the social evil that the number of commitments to the State institutions for the insane is falling off each year. In 1904 when the prohibitory law was not so well enforced as it was in 1910 or as it is now, there were 924 com mitments to the institutions for the insane. In 1910 the number was 886. In 1904 the number per thousand pop ulation was 62.4. In 1910 it was 52.4. STATESMEN CONDEMN DRINK. Mr. W. E. Gladstone.—"It has been said that greater calamities are in flicted on mankind by intemperance than by the three great historical scourges—war, pestilence and famine. That is true for us, but not for Europe and civilized countries in general. It is the measure of our discredit and disgrace." Mr. Winston Churchill.—"Unless progress is made in grappling with the evils of the drink traffic, much of our social legislation will be brought to naught or long delayed. Every moral and social cause is involved in the victory of the temperance movement." Mr. Lloyd-George.—(Speech at Edinburgh, 1908). "If they reduced the drink bill of Great Britain to the standard of that of the United States of America—and it was high enough there—they would save seventy mil lions a year. It would be seventy millions less than it was today. If they reduced it to the standard of drinking in Canada, they would save one hundred and twenty millions a year and provide wholesome food and recreation and shelter and clothes, and training, and surroundings, for the men, women, and children of this land. This was what they were aim ing at. That was their object—a land where they would meet no drunkard staggering on the road towards his door a land where they would have no slums for humanity to rot in a land with two-thirds of its prison cells empty a land with its workhouses vanished a land with its children well clothed, well sheltered, well trained, with their merry laughter ringing through the streets a land where the curse of drink should be driven from its hearths." Mr. Joseph Chamberlain.—"If I could destroy tomorrow the desire for strong drink what changes we would see! We should see our taxes reduced by millions sterling a year should see our jails and work houses empty. We should see more lives saved in twelve months than are consumed in a century of bitter and savage warfare. We should trans figure and transform the whole face of the country." Lord Peel.—"I entered upon the en quiry (regarding drink) without any conscious bias, and during more than three years I studied the question from many points of view. The result was, in my own mind, a deep conviction of the magnitude of the evil to be grappled with, and of the necessity of stringent remedies, if any definite im provement was to be effected." Lord Brougham.—"Drink is the mother of want and the nurse of crime."