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Volume 2 NEW PARISHES Four Recently Opened—Two in the Twin Cities, Two in the Country— Pastors Appointed—Indicative of Increase Among Catholics. Four new parishes with resident pastors have been recently added to those already organized in the Arch diocese of St. Paul, and in the course of a few weeks two additional parishes will be opened. One of these new parishes is located within the corporate limits of the city of St. Paul and comprises the territory which centers in St. Anthony Park, in the Midway district. Heretofore this parish has been attended as a mission from St. Mark's in Merriam Park. During the past few years there has been a very marked increase in the number of Catholic families in this district, and they now feel able to support a resident pastor and to build a church commensurate with their present needs and future prospects. Up to the present services have been held in a hall. This new parish has been assigned to the Rev. F. X. McDermott who for some years has been pastor of the Church of St. Pius, Cannon Falls, Minn. Father McDermott will take charge next Sunday, June 30. This makes the twenty-sixth parish with resident priest in the city of St. Paul. A new parish has been added to the twenty-two parishes of Minneapolis by the appointment of the Rev. William Blum of Buffalo Lake to the pastorate of the Church of the Sacred Heart, Robbinsdale. During the past year a new church was erected in this suburb of Minneapolis under the direction of the Rev. J. Harrington of the Church of the Ascension. Father Blum will take charge of the parish on Sunday, April 14. Robbinsdale is located to the North of Minneapolis between it and Osseo. Many Catholic families have settled in and around it of late years and they rejoice that their ef forts to organize a parish of their own have met with such success. Outside the Twin Cities two new parishes have been organized, one at Forest Lake, and the other at Monte video. Forest Lake was formerly a mission attached to Rush City. Now it is given the status of a parish with the Rev. T. F. Gibbons as its first resident pastor, who will also attend the missions of Taylor's Falls and Franconio, heretofore attached to the parish of White Bear Lake. St. Joseph's Church, Montevideo, has been placed in charge of the Rev. John Fahey who formerly attended it from Renville. During recent years Monte video has developed into quite an important center with prospects of greater growth and it was deemed advisable to form it into a separate parish. A new parochial residence is being erected on the church property which occupies one of the most, im portant sites in the town. The organization of these new parishes as well as the prospect of others soon to follow is gratifying not only to the Catholics benefited by them, but to the whole Catholic body in as much as it is indicative of a consider able increase in the number of Cath olics within the limits of the Arch diocese. It is in keeping with the history of the Church in the North west which has been one of unusual growth and development during the past half century. CATHOLIC MASTER OFTHERDLLS Rt. Hon. C. A. O'Connor, Master of the Rolls in Ireland Is the Third Cath olic to Hold That Office Since the Union. The new Master of the Rolls in Ire land is the Right Hon. Charles Andrew O'Connor, who is the third Catholic to hold office since the Union. Mr. O'Connor is fifty-six, a native of Dub lin, and an ex-Senior Moderator of Trinity. He joined the Bar in 1878, took silk in 1896, and became Bencher of King's Inn, Dublin, two years later, subsequently serving as First Serjeant at-law, as Solicitor-General, and finally as Attorney-General. He is a Senator of the National University, and was admitted to the Irish Privy Council last year while his old school-days at Clongowes have their memento in his Treasureship of the Clongowes Union. The Mastership of the Rolls is a judicial office, and with Mr. O'Connor's appointment, it can be computed that five of the fourteen High Court Judges belong* to the national faith of Ireland. He is suc ceeded in the Attorney-Generalship by another Catholic, Ignatius O'Brien, the Solicitor-General. Mr. O'Connor was educated at the Jesuit College of Tullabeg and Mr. O'Brien at the Chris tian Brothers' School and the Catholic University. (fatft o li .E. .A. Holy Cross College Confers Degree on St. Paul Physician who was a Mem ber of the Class of 1881—A Gradu ate of Columbia University—Su preme Physician of the Knights of Columbus. At the commencement exercises of the College of the Holy Cross, Wor cester, Mass., held on June 20, the honorary degree of Master of Arts was conferred upon Dr. E. W. Buckley of this city. The Right Reverend Bishop Beaven of Springfield, Mass., presided and Dr. Buckley was pre sented by the Reverend J. N. Dinand, S. J., President of the College. Dr. Buckley was born in Minnesota in 1860. After passing tnrough the high school at Mankato he attended St. John's College, Prairie du Chien, Wis., conducted by the Christian Brothers, and later on, the College of the Holy Cross, Worcester, Mass., being a member of the class of 1881. He pursued his medical course in Columbia University, New York, where he received his diploma in 1888, and two years later graduated from the Charity Hospital of that city. Since then he has been a successful physi cian in St. Paul. He is medical ex aminer for a number of fraternal soci eties, and for the past five, years has been Supreme Physician of the Knights of Columbus. He served as Grand Knight of the St. Paul Council, was the second State Deputy of the Order in Minnesota, and was largely instrumental in promoting its growth and expansion in this and the neigh boring states, as well as in Western Canada. WHERE LARGE FAMILIES ABOUND French-Canadians a Prolific Race— &ow Number 3.300,000—Larg« Fam ilies the Rule—Encouraged By the Government and Fostered By Re ligion. "M. Leroy Beaulieu, one of the best known French economists, recently said, 'Give us 10,000 French-Canadians and we will re-people France.'" In this sentence, says Eugene Rouillard in the course of an article on "Where Large Families Abound" in "Exten sion" for July, he has stated the truth of the situation. France has deliber ately restricted its birth-rate the French-Canadians have not. As a re sult the French-Canadians have grown quantitatively as well as qualitatively. In 1754 the last census under French regime was taken the French in Canada at that time numbered 55,000. Guiltless of any race-suicide tendencies this number has doubled every twenty-five years, so that now the French-Canadians number 3,300, 000. Of this number 1,600,000 are in the Province of Quebec 232,000 in the Province of Ontario 60,000 are scattered through the western Cana dian provinces and 200,000 Acadians inhabit the Maritime Provinces of the Dominion. About 1,200,000 have set tled in the New England States. When we compare the increase as regards numbers among the French Canadians with the situation in France there is but one explanation to be made. The French-Canadians have kept the Faith. The early French settlers had to endure all the hard ships of pioneer life. During these early days the French clergy con stituted themselves the guides and protectors of their people. They in structed them the sound principles of morality they taught became inter woven into the very fabric of the, social life of the French-Canadians. Even today this deep attachment be tween people and clergy exists, and the salutary influence exerted is every where felt. Thus spiritually fortified, the French-Canadians have victoriously withstood the forces that have weak ened others. Their Faith is pure their morals uncorrupted, and their home life reflects Christian ideals. It must not be imagined that there cannot be found individuals of French-Cana dian birth or descent who have de parted from the ways of their fathers, but the number is so small as to be almost negligible here. The one fact stands out that the French-Canadians as a race have preserved their purity and integrity and in proof of this it is but necessary to point ,to the big birth-rate among them. In 1890 the Government of the Province of Quebec passed a law granting a piece of land to every head of a family that could boast of twelve or more children. This grant was later changed to a cash premium. Until 1905 a total of 5,414 families re ceived the premium. Of this number 150 families had 14 to 18 living children in some cases where one or the other of the parents was married twice, the number of living children ranged from 18 to 27 children. Since the foundation of Quebec in 1608 there have been entered upon the parish registers up to 1883, a total of 2,900,000 births, or 67.25 per one thou sand population. French-Canadian families of eight and ten children are not uncommon. The average size of a family is five children—an average that will be maintained, unless alco holism, which is beginning to plague our race, pervades the rural districts. The fact that the INCORPORATION FEES Supreme Court Decides That Religious and Other Corporations Are Exempt From the Large Filing Fee Required By Law—Fees to Be Refunded to Them—Ten Churches Affected. Some time ago the Legislature of the State of Minnesota enacted a law whereby corporations were required to pay to the State Treasurer the sum of fifty dollars before their articles of incorporations would be filed in the State Department. An opinion given by former Attorney General Simpson in 1911 held that all corporations must pay ft minimum filing fee of fifty dol lars before their articles can be re corded. He excepted those operated solely for raising or improving live stock, for the cultivation or improve ment of crops, educational societies, curling clubs and one or two others. Accordingly, churches and benevolent institutions of all kinds were classed with business corporations and sub jected to the same filing tax—a de parture from the old-time custom in this regard. Recently an appeal was taken to the Supreme Court of Minnesota, and in its decision handed down last week it says that this law "has no application to a corporation organized without capital stock and not for pecuniary profit"—an interpretation of the law manifestly fair and just. This exempts from the operation of the law all re ligious, social, moral, educational, scientific, benevolent, fraternal and reformatory organizations. The filing fees paid in by such corporations since the act went into effect will have to be returned to them. These fees amount to about one thousand dollars of which six hundred was collected from church corporations. Secretary of State Schmahl will prepare a bill to be presented at the next session of the Legislature providing for the refunding of these fees. Among others ten Cath olic churches are effected by this rul ing, and the fees paid by them over and above the nominal tax formerly levied for filing their articles of in corporation with the Secretary of State win be returned to them. DISC0VERS_L0ST VALLEY Priest Makes Public Interesting His torical Facts. A valley in the San Jacinto Moun tains, long lost to modern history, has been re-discovered by Rev. B. Florian Hahn, M. A., rector of the Indian school and mission in Banning, and one of the oldest priests in point of service in Southern California. Father Hahn's discovery reveals some unpublished and interesting historical facts. He finds that in 1781, the year in which the mission of San Gabriel was founded, a large caravan of Catholics emigrated from Sonora, Mex., to the Land of Promise, near San Gabriel. On this pilgrimage the caravan did not pass through the Banning Valley, as historians con tend, but reached its destination via the Lost Valley of San Calos. There were 120 Catholics in the expedition, led by two priests, and driving a thousand cattle. The record secured by Father Hahn is from a diary left by one of the priests of the expedition, which was written in Spanish, and yet, after more than a century, is legible. ST. PAUL, MINN., JUNE 29, 1912. Evidences of the Catholic Origin of Oxford—The Inception of a New Catholic Life Seen in the Return of the Religious Orders and the Pres ence of Catholic Students—Cardinal Bourne's Visit. V' French-Canadian families have not yielded to any con siderable extent to the tendencies of the times, one can not repeat often enough is due entirely to their splendid Catholic Faith. The fear of God has actuated them in their lives. The dread of poverty, so frequently associated in the minds of some with the existence of a large family, has not influenced them to thwart the laws of nature or to outrage the laws of God. Their reward has been a progeny that is physically, mentally and morally equal, if indeed not supe rior, to any people on the face of the earth. The Rev. Father Pope, S. J., at a deception given by the Newman So ciety of Oxford in honor of Cardinal Bourne, speaking of the losses the Church had sustained said, according to the Sacred Heart Review: "Not least among our heavy losses has been ,the loss of the Universities. To nar row our view to what concerns us as religious in Oxford, there are Durham College and Gloucester Hall (now Trin ity and Worcester Colleges) lost to the Order of St. Benedict, there is St. John's College lost to the Cistercians, Christ Church to the Augustinian Canons while of Oseney Abbey and Bowley Abbey, Austin Friars, and the convents of Franciscans and Domini cans, scarce a trace remains. Our ancient homes are destroyed or know us no more, but the Religious Orders once more live in Oxford—living sons of St. Benedict and St. Francis and of St. Ignatius, too for, alone of Reli gious Orders, the Society, having nothing to lose, positively gained by the loss of Oxford it gained, as Oxford lost, Campion, Parsons, and holy and distinguished men even down to our own day. We are resuming our native place in the city and in the life of the nation. Oxford, alas! is far from Catholic, but our eyes behold some seeds of Catholic truth germi nating within her." His Eminence Cardinal Bourne, re plying to the addresses presented to hitn on that occasion, dwelt on the duty of Catholics in the University and on the progress and influence of Cath olics in that institution during the six teen years which have elapsed since |he Holy See gave them permission |&vattend the universities of Oxford and Cambridge. Continuing, he said: "Anyone looking back over the history of the past two great universities must realize that only the Catholic Church could have created them. The very conception of such a university as that of Oxford was dependent upon the teaching of the Church, and it was because the Catholic Church had taken such complete possession of the uni versity that all the influences which afterwards arose could not destroy the evidence of that possession. And it was significant that when the divorce took place between the Church and the university there set in a period of intellectual stagnation." TRIBUTE TO JFHE SULPICIANS Cardinal Gibbons Lauds the Work of the Sulpicians in Forming a Learned and Virtuous Priesthood—Ideal Teachers of the Young. In the course of an address deliv ered at the commencement exercises of St. Charles College, formerly located at Ellicott City, Md., now at Catonsville, near Baltimore, His Eminence Cardinal Gibbons paid the following noteworthy tribute to his former teachers, the Fathers of St. Sulpice: "The arrival of the Sulpician Fathers in this country is coeval with the establishment of the American hierarchy. They were invited by Bishop Carroll about the time, I be lieve, of his consecration. What Bishop Carroll has been to the hierarchy of the United States, the Sulpician Fathers have been to the clergy he has been the model of the American episcopate, they have been the model of the clergy. They have been with us now nearly a century and a quarter, and during all that time they have upheld the honor and dignity of the priesthood. No stain has ever sullied their bright escutcheon. No breath of calumny has ever tarnished the mirror of their fair name. I have met and known Sulpicians of various kinds, characters and temperaments, but I have never in the whole course of my life met a Sulpician who was not worthy of his high calling. "About six years ago, I think in 1906, Pius issued a letter of instruc tions regarding the rule and discipline which should govern ecclesiastical in stitutions. I am glad to be able to say that long before that decree was issued its spirit and its regulations were strictly observed in St. Charles' College. Indeed, they have always been observed in institutions under Sulpician control. The founder of St. Sulpice, Father Olier, inspired by the Council of Trent and the example of St. Charles Borromeo, taught his fol lowers the best means to take for the -X formation of true priests, and they are the same means which are fol lowed in good seminaries, for they embody the wisdom and spirit of the Church which our Holy Father re affirmed. "When I came to St. Charles I knew very little about discipline. The Fathers taught us to love God, they taught us by word and example to practice genuine charity and polite ness towards one another. They al lowed us liberty without license, granting every freedom commen surate with good order and they showed us the example of how to rule without tyranny. They held over us the aegis of their moral protection without interfering with the God-given rights of conscience. They shared in our pastimes and amusements, and their greatest delight was to contrib ute to our happiness and contentment of mind. They sought every means to cure us of that disease which is terrible to young students,—nostalgia, or homesickness. It was a kindly but strong discipline, which developed the moral qualities of those who were called to the priesthood and eliminated those who were unfit and I trust for the good of the American clergy that the character of the moral training given at St. Charles will re main always the same. What we de sire above all are priests who are up right and manly and put holiness in the first place. As to the intellectual training of the college, the St. Charles' boys everywhere prove its excellence by the high standing they take in any Seminary they enter." PfjOTESTOJA! ORDERS Protestant Episcopal Church has Re ligious Communities for Men and for Women—An Order of St. Benedict for Laymen Recently Established. It was Dr. Pusey who started in 1844 the first Anglican sisterhood, says the New York Sun. Now there are said to be more than five thousand women in religious life in the various Church of England orders, and there are about one thousand men in the monastic orders. Two orders for the priesthood of the Protestant Episcopal Church exist in this country. One is the Society of Saint John the Evangelist, founded at Cowley in England, of which the American branch is independent. The other and native order is the Society of the Holy Cross. That these two orders are not suf ficient to meet the demand for religi ous life in the most advanced or ritu alistic wing of the church known as the Protestant Episcopal is shown by the recently established Benedictine abbey in a diocese of the Northwest, with the Bishop as its abbot. The Order of Saint Benedict has been adopted on the ground that its rule is best suited to the uses of a monas tic house in the present time. The community is mainly for laymen, al though there may be admission to a small number of priests. That such an order should exist within the Protestant Episcopal Church and that its head should be the Bishop of the diocese in which it is situated affords evidence of the in fluence of the ritualist party in the Northwest, where, to be sure, they have been most progressive and pros perous. But it is a striking develop ment of the movement that brings into existence in a church called Pro testant a community devoted to the teachings of Saint Benedict. magyalparish Organized in Cleveland in 1892 Under Father Boehm—Parochial School Has Eight Hundred Children. The first parish in the Diocese of Cleveland, Ohio, founded exclusively for the convenience of the Magyars is dedicated to St. Elizabeth. It was organized in 1892 and placed in charge of the Rev. Charles Boehm, who came from Hungary for that purpose. He built the church and a small parochial school. The former was dedicated in 1896 and in 1900 a new and com modious school was erected and placed in charge of the Ursuline Sisters, who now teach eight hundred Magyar children. A few years ago Father Boehm resigned his pastorate to de vote himself to missionary work among the Magyars in the Eastern States. The present pastor of St. Elizabeth's Church is Father Szepessy who contemplates the erection of a new church next year which will be expressive of the architectural beau ties typical of Magyar churches in Hungary. Number 26 ARCHBISHOP'S LETTER HIGHER EDUCATION—THE COL LEGE OF ST. THOMAS. The following letter has been ad dressed by the Most Reverend Ardt bishop to the priests of the Diocese of St. Paul: Reverend and Dear Father: I write to you today in behalf of the College of St. Thomas. It is my earnest wish, towards the realization of which I fain would labor with all my might, that at the opening session, in the coming month of September, every parish in the Diocese shall have its representation among the pupils of the College. Larger parishes, of course, are expected to have the larg er representation: but every parish, without exception, is urgently invited to have its name on the list of patrons, were it only by the presence of the one pupil. The Church needs priests: the Church needs educated men among its laity: therefore students are needed in ecclesiastical Colleges. No further argument is required to enlist in the cause of Catholic higher education, I do not say, the sympathies, I say, the plenitudes of activity of priests whose ideals of work are the welfare and honor of religion, whose souls quickly vibrate in response to the call to give service in the furtherance of noble and holy causes. Something goes awry in the Catho lic community, where vocations to the priesthood fail to germinate, where no aspiration springs leading to high er and better things than an ordinary school curriculum affords. There is there no power of uplift, no ambition of movement upward and onward. There is there—so far as the situation relates to vocations to the priesthood —a distressing poverty of superna tural life. Or, may be, there is there —quod Deus avertat ab hac alma dio cesi—a sluggishness on the part of the leader in intelligence of the needs of religion, or in effort to attune minds and hearts in fit harmony with the music of those needs. The time is propitious, as it was not in earlier years of colonization In Minnesota, to sound loud in the ears of Catholics the call of ecclesiastical colleges in favor of higher education and of vocations to the priesthood. Heretofore, Catholics were poorer in the possession of earthly goods and poorer, too, in their outlook of the future afforded to the rising genera tions of men and to the Church itself in those Western regions of America. Today Catholics are more ambitious of the higher life they are more able to spend of their means in the uplift of their children. Now nought is lack ing save the awakening of their souls to the requirements of the moment— an awakening that must come through the leadership of the priest, that will, in large measure at least, come only through this leadership. My appeal, then, to the priests of the Diocese of St. Paul, is that during the coming months of July and August they constitute themselves into active and earnest solicitors of pupils for the College of St. Thomas—putting themselves in readiness to report to me during the Retreat the rich and flattering results of their zeal and good will. Let there be at an early date a well-, prepared and warm discourse fronk the pulpit on higher education and (Hi vocations to the priesthood. In ad dition to this, let there be the visita tion from house to house, wherever lives the family, from whose ranks a pupil may be obtained. Catalogues of the College, whenever called fori" will be sent from the College: those should be placed in the hands of all parents and children whom it seems at all possible to influence, and the perusal of the Catalogue should he supplemented by seasonable and imp* gent words of the priest himself. Priests should not ask that special solicitors come to their aid. Special solicitors cannot be sent through the whole Diocese: and, moreover, special solicitors will never do as well as the local pastor, and, at best, would only be a hindrance to the recognition of zeal and efficiency I am desirous to accord to the local pastor himself, who, all things said, will be the chief worker in the task of gathering la the harvest I am now looking forward to—a harvest that will gratify me as few other priestly achievements can do, that will be one of the most reli able tokens of the high Catholic life I should wish to see abundant and strong among priests and people of the Diocese. I pray God, Reverend and dear Father, to bless you and your people in reward for the labor which yoa will quickly give yourself in.response to my appeal in favor of the College of St. Thomas. +JOHN IRELAND, Archbishop of St. Paul. St Paul, June 27th, 1912.