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Published every Saturday at 315 New terfiildg., Fifth and Minnesota Streets, St. Paul, Minnesota, by The Catholic Bulletin Publishing Co. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $1.50 a year, payable in advance. Advertising Rates on Application. All advertisements are under editor* tal supervision. None but reliable firms and reputable lines of business are ad vertised and recommended to our read ers. A mention of THE CATHOLIC BULLETIN, when writing to advertisers, will mutually beneficial. B. P. KOLESKY, be The mailing label on your paper is a receipt for your subscription, and a re minder of the date of its expiration. To insure change of address, the sub scriber must give the old, as well as the new, address. Remittance may be made by Draft, Post Office or Express Money Order or Registered Letter, addressed to THE CATHOLIC BULLETIN, 315 Newton Bldg., St. Paul, Minnesota. REV. JAMES M. REARDON, Editor. Advertising Manager. Entered as second-class matter, Jan uary 12, 1911, at the post office, St. Paul, Minn., under Act of Marcb S. 1$j9. SATURDAY, OCTOBER 26, 1912. Emperor Francis Joseph of Aus tria has bestowed the Grand Cross of the Order of St. Stephen on His Excellency, Cardinal Van Rossum, the Papal Legate to the Eucharis tic Congress held last month in Vienna. By a recent decree of the Con gregation of Religions, all novices of religious congregations of both sexes, who, in the judgment of a doctor, are in danger of death may be allowed to make their pro fession so as to be able to avail themselves of the spiritual graces attached to their state. In the event of their recovery, they must complete the usual term of novi tiate and then renew their profes sion. Some people seem to be under the impression that the fast and abstinence heretofore observed on the vigil of All Saints was abro gated by the Papal Decree on Holydays. No such change has been made. Thursday, October 31, the vigil of All Saints, is a day of fast and abstinence. In ac cordance with the provisions of the Papal Decree in regard to Holydays that fall on Friday the law of abstinence does not bind the faithful on All Saints. The first issue of the Records of the American Catholic His torical Society of Philadelphia," since its amalgamation with the Americsfn Catholic Historical Re searches conducted by the late Martin I. J. Griffin, has just ap peared. By arrangement with Mr. Griffin's literary executors the American Catholic Historical So ciety has come into possession of a collection of his unpublished historical notes and papers. These will be published from time to time in the Records. The Almanac and Calendar of the Sacred Heart for 1913 has just been issued by the central office of the Apostleship of Prayer, 801 West 181th Street, New York. It can be obtained for twelve cents a copy from the publishers or from the directors of the League in parishes or institutions throughout the United States. One-third of it is devoted to an explanation of the aim and pur pose of the League and the re mainder contains reading matter of general interest to Catholics. Many of the illustrations are very good. The following paragraph gives a unique, and yet truly Catholic, picture of the venerable Emperor of Austria, Francis Joseph, in presence of his Eucharistic Lord: "The devout monarch himself seemed rapt in prayer with bow ed and bared head and clasped hands he drove past his people. The ruler and the subject under stood one another. They were equal in the presence of the Su preme and Adorable Majesty. The soldiers stood at attention and saluted the passage of the Blessed Sacrament, but they ren dered no honor to their Emperor Commander-in-Chief as he came by some of them were kneeling in prayer or gazing after the dis appearing carriage. Such had been the order of Francis Joseph, and it was obeyed. 'I am not to be saluted in the presence of One greater than the kings of the earth,' he had said some weeks previously, when the procession program had been presented for his approval." In the course of an article on the Eucharistic Congress in Vien na the foreign correspondent of "The Living Church," the official organ of the Protestant Episcopal denomination, says: "Four hundred thousand com munions were made in Vienna in three days. The court, known throughout Europe as the proud est, the most exclusive in its aris tocratic notions and usages, gave, the grandest, most marked exam ple of Christian socialism. It seemed to proclaim the truth that social distinctions, distinctions of etiquette, quarterings of nobility of which so much is made at Vienna, are mere matters of con vention, necessary for the due or dering of worldly affairs and of society, nothing more. In the faith all are one, the proudest noble -and the simplest peasant, brothers in Christian fellowship." CATHOLIC SINGERS IN PROT ESTANT CHURCHES. It is ft well-known fact that no inconsiderable number of Cath olic musicians give their services to Protestant choirs, whether as organists or singers. They do not seem to realize that by so doing they cannot escape the charge of participating in false worship. They take it for granted that the Church tolerates, at least, such a participation, whereas, in reality, she has placed upon it the stamp of her entire disapproval. It may be well to recall that in 1889 the Congregation de Propa ganda Fide, in response to a re quest for a decision in regard to the morality of Catholics taking part in the musical portion of non Catholic religious services, declar ed that it was unlawful for Catho lics to play the organ in Protes tant churches, because it involved a participation in false worship. While this decree, which was rati fied by His Holiness Pope Leo Xin, has direct reference only to organ playing, it applies, like wise, to singing because the latter is, if possible, a ipore proximate and direct participation in false worship than the former. Furthermore, theologians de clare that it is not morally lawful for Catholics to sing or play the organ at non-Catholic services, for by so doing they cooperate in false worship. It would seem, therefore, that these actions are illicit because they are essentially a participation in a function that is unlawful. The Catholic singer in a Protestant choir really per forms a part of the very act of false worship—an act which is objectively bad, no matter what the intention or disposition of the participant may be. Nor can it be said that the Cath olic who sings or plays in a Prot estant choir is guilty only of ma terial cooperation in an act. of false worship. While it is true that the Catholic does not wish to offer false worship and, therefore, is not guilty of explicit formal co operation. nevertheless, he does cooperate with the bad will of the Protestant sect to the extent that he is willing to perform an act which is objectively bad and that cannot become anything else. Hence he is guilty of implicit for mal cooperation. From whatever standpoint we view the question, therefore, we cannot escape the conclusion that a Catholic is not justified in taking part in a Protestant serv ice either as singer or organist. Every Catholic knows, or ought to know, that he is not permitted to take any part in a form of wor ship other than that prescribed by the Catholic Church. Hence, it is unlawful for Catholic musicians, no matter what excuse may be alleged in their behalf, to give their services, either gratuitously or not, to Protestant churches as organists or singers. "NO GOD, NO MASTER." Such was the inscription on a banner borne by the Industrial Workers of the World at a demon stration whieh took place not long ago in Lawrence, Mass. A squad of patrolmen under the direction of the chief of police insisted that the leaders remove the objection able banner before the parade would be allowed to proceed. After some protest on the part of the marchers the banner was finally hauled down. The Buffalo Enquirer comment ing on this incident says: "A parade with 'No God' upon its banners looks appalling—until matched against the solid masses with faith in God. "The might of the column which marched under the 'No God. No Master' banners in Lawrence, Mass., the other day will be dwarfed next Saturday. Th&t wild assembly seemed ominous in numbers, terrible in ferocity, por tentous in power. It will be in significant when, on Columbus Day, the believers in God and country in Lawrence show $heir colors. "It will do defilers of God and country good to take a look at the forces they are up against., It will do supporters of God and country good to take a look at themselves. The former will learn their weakness and the latter their strength." This prediction was fulfilled when an army of 32,000 marched through the streets of Lawrence on October 12 under the folds of the Stars and Stripes. It was a patriotic demonstration which will not soon be forgotten. Let us hope that the I. W. W. will take warn ing and not insult the American public with such another display of unpatriotic citizenship as that referred to in the foregoing. That such a parade could be contemplated, much less set in motion in an American city is a sad commentary on our vaunted civilization. The red flag of an archy is becoming altogether too common in many states of the Union, and the sooner the right thinking element in our popula tion take measures to insure re spect for law and order, the bet ter for society. Unless the spirit of religious reverence for the con stitution be ingrained in the hearts of the leaders of the people, there is grave reason to fear for the future stability of the repub lic "No God, No Master" is the cry of anarchy. The seeds of rebellion should never be allowed to yield a harvest in this country. GOVERNOR POTHIER. Governor Aram J. Pothier is rounding out his fourth consecu tive term as Governor of Rhode Island. He has been prevailed upon to accept a nomination for another term. In his letter of ac ceptance he states that he has been moved to seek another term not through personal considerations— for his desire is to lay down the exacting burden of public office— but because he believes that he can serve the State advantageous ly in its present political condi tion. His record as chief execu tive is an enviable one. In his official capacity he has given satis faction to all the people irrespec tive of political, national, or relig ious affiliations. He is one of the two Catholic governors in the United States, the other being Governor John Burke of North Dakota. Governor Pothier, like Governor Burke, is a devout Cath olic who is proud of his religion and of all that the Church has done for America. The people of Rhode Island have great confi dence in his executive ability and it is not unlikely that he will suc ceed himself in the governor's chair. TUBERCULOSIS SUNDAY. The third annual national day set apart for the study and pre vention of tuberculosis will be ob served next Sunday. It is ex pected that churches and religious societies to the number of one hundred thousand will devote spe cial attention to this dread dis ease in an effort to impress on their people the necessity of coop erating with the national associa tion to prevent its spread. There is no reason why this movement should not receive the hearty support of the Reverend Clergy in their respective par ishes. The health of the people is a matter of vital importance to them, and in showing their solici tude for the material welfare of their parishioners they are imitat ing the example set by Him Who "went about doing good." He healed the sick, restored sight to the blind, hearing to the deaf and life to the dead. His disciples should be no less vigilant in pro moting the well being of the peo ple entrusted to their care. It cannot be denied that tuber culosis, or consumption, is very prevalent at the present time. It is terrible in its ravages: it pur sues its' victims with relentless energy and few who contract it succeed in obtaining a permanent cure. The teachings of modern science are to the effect that tuberculosis is largely preventa ble if proper regard be shown for the elementary laws of hygiene. Fresh air, sunlight, wholesome food, and due attention to bodily welfare go far to prevent its spread and lengthen out the lives of those afflicted with it. Many people do not know what simple precautions should be taken to avoid contracting it or to secure relief from its ravages when con tracted. Many of them believe that, once contracted, it is impos sible to secure relief and hence they do not have recourse to medi cal attention. These people and many others must be instructed nn mn »n ."iiwr^iirfiiiBt^i^h wiwitviiiiMWi THE CATHOLIC BULLETIN, OCT. 26,1912. by their pastors to whom they look for guidance in this as well as in other matters effecting their temporal welfare. A priest, therefore, should deem it part of his duty to instruct his people in regard to the recognized methods of preventing tubercu losis or of ameliorating the con dition of those who have fallen victims' to it. By so doing he cooperates with the national and state organizations which are now so activtly engaged throughout the country in endeavoring to im press upon the people the neces sity of taking at least ordinary precautions to prevent the spread of this terrible disease. The movement for the observance of a national Tuberculosis Sunday is interdenominational, and it is the desire of its promoters to secure the cooperation of all churches in the work of calling to the at tention of the people the nation wide movement against the spread of consumption. THE TURKISH WAR. A formal declaration of war was made last week between Tur key and the Balkan Provinces of Servia, Bulgaria and Montenegro. Efforts were made to prevail upon Greece not to take part in the conflict, but she took sides against Turkey. Already a number of battles have taken place along the Turkish frontier in which, accord ing to the most reliable press re ports, the allies were victorious. What the final outcome of the struggle will be, it is too early to predict. The situation in the Balkan Peninsula is a peculiar one. The country is made up of a number of independent provinces and others more or less autonomous. Prior to the year 1878 these pro vinces were all under the domina tion of the Turkish Government at Constantinople. A large pro portion of the population is Chris tian and, consequently, they were made to feel their subjection, for the Turk has always been noted for his fanatical hatred of Chris tians. His treatment of the Christians living in the Balkan Provinces has been most cruel and barbarous. Not only had they nothing to say in the government of the country, but they were sub jected to the most terrible perse cution. The indescribable out rages inflicted upon them by their masters prove the Turk to be the world's most inhuman butcher. Under such circumstances it is not to be wondered at that these provinces revolted against Turk ish rule in an effort to secure their independence. When Tur key became embroiled in a war with Russia in 1877 the Balkan states realized that their op portunity had come and they took advantage of it and rose in re bellion against their oppressors. In 1878 Turkey was forced to grant independence to Servia, Bul garia, Rumania and Montenegro, while Bosnia and Herzegovina be came crown provinces of Austro Hungarv. Albania and Macedonia remained under Turkish rule and during intervening years they have been the theatre of most in human persecutions in which thou sands of their citizens have been massacred by the Turkish arms. It seems strange to us that such atrocities should be permitted by the civilized countries of Europe. It is true that the indignities in flicted upon the Christians in the Balkan Provinces have stirred the hearts of Christian nations, but nothing has been done to relieve the situation owing to the jealousy among the powers of Europe who cannot decide what to do with Constantinople in the event of the subjugation of Turkey. It may be that the present war will bring about a situation in which protec tion will be guaranteed to the Christians of the Balkan Penin sula. They constitute a large pro portion of the population and nearly three-quarters of a million of them are Catholics. In this war, therefore, tfie sym pathy of all Christians should go out to the Balkan provinces in their struggle to throw off entire ly the Turkish yoke. Nothing less than entire liberation from the domination of the Moslem will give the Christians that peace and security to which they are en titled. As long as they remain under Turkish rule they need not look for entire liberty, either political or religious. The Turks do not know how to grant liberty of conscience to their Christian subjects. History shows that they liave been most fanatical •iiftHiyifN V*' V/ "gjlli'l'llij t|lffli]iil,i»iniiiiiii| and, despite their protests to the contrary, it will show itself in their attitude towards the Chris tians. Some years ago when the young Turks came into power it was hoped that a change for the bet ter had taken place, but the his tory of their rule shows that the condition of the Christians has not been bettered in the provinces subject to them. With a Govern ment that is powerless to grant its Christian subjects that measure of religious toleration to which they have a right what hope for im provement can there be unless the Turks are driven entirely out of the country? Our sympathies, therefore, should go out to the oppressed Christians of the Balkan states in their struggle for that plenitude of religious liberty which will en able them to worship God in ac cordance with the dictates of their conscience. Since this would seem to necessitate the overthrow of Turkish despotism, let us pray that such a victory may be granted to the allied forces.' II PROTEST AfiijNST ANARCHY The Citizens of Jn their hatred of Christianity throughout the ages and no mat ter how well-disposed the Gov ernment may profess itself to be, it is impossible for it to do any thing to render the situation of the Christians secure. Fanatacism is bred in the bone of the Turks Lawrence, Mass, Par ticipate in a Grand Parade as a Protest Against the I. W. W.—All Classes and Creeds Represented— 32,000 fn Line. Two weeks ago the Industrial Workers of the World organized a parade in Lawrence, Mass., and bore through the streets of that city the red flag of anarchy and rebellion. To show their contempt for American institutions they refused to carry the Stars and Stripes in their parade. One of their flags bore the sacrilegious motto, "No God No Master." The whole proceeding was regarded as an outrage 'by the respectable people of the city. As a counter demonstration for the purpose of showing their loyalty and devotion to the country, the people of Lawrence, irrespective of creed and nationality, held a monster parade on Columbus Day, October 12, in which thirty-two thousand people marched through the streets under unfavorable weather conditions in one of the greatest and most impressive pageants which that city has ever wit nessed. The fact that it was Colum bus day was forgotten in the desire to uphold the honor of the American flag. No .'insignia, no badge of civic or military authority, save the flag borne by the defenders of the Union in the Civil War, were in evidence. The men who flaunted red flags in their parade a week previously did for the city what its citizens had not been able to do for months. It aroused them to a sense of their duty it stirred their civic pride, and as a result every man, woman and child in Lawrence was thrilled anew with patriotism as they rallied round the American flag and bore it in proces sion. One of the most impressive features of the parade was the "Arch of Pro test" of red, white and blue bunting which had been thrown across the street near the I. W. W. headquar ters. Blazoned across the arch in large letters were the words: "For God And Country—A Protest Against the I. W. W., Its Principles and Its Methods—The Stars and Stripes For ever—The Red Flag Never." Every head was uncovered while passing un der this arch and the five thousand school children in the parade sang America as they marched and the bands played stirring airs. In the parade were Grand Army veterans, Spanish War veterans, the public school children, the children of the parochial schools, many church societies, the Holy Name Societies, Boy Scouts, Masons, Oddfellows, Knights of Pythias, the Ancient Order of Hibernians, Father Mathew Socie ties and the local Councils of the Knights of Columbus, together with hundreds of men and women from the different mills in the city. These were followed by members of the vari ous trade unions and other local organizations. It was one of the most cosmopolitan parades ever witnessed in Lawrence. At the closp of the pa rade Mayor Scanlon said: "The magnificent demonstration in the city of Lawrence today is highly gratifying to erery law-abiding citizen of the community and must be grati fying to every peace-loving and God fearing citizen of the entire country. It has been demonstrated that ninety per cent of the citizens of Lawrence are neither anarchists nor mill owners. "This movement sprang from, and the success of it was almost entirely due to, the spontaneous enthusiasm of the people of the city of Lawrence, whose sense of decency was outraged by the display of anarchy that was ex emplified in the parade two weeks ago, in which were flaunted banners bearing the sacreligious inscription, 'No God* no master.' "This should demonstrate, to the country at large that but a very small minority of the workingmen and wom en of the city of Lawrence are will ing to affiliate themselves with or countenance the disrespect to this country and its institutions, or to the God of ns all. In behalf of the city council and the parade committee, I desire to heartily thank those socie ties and individuals who so nobly as sisted in making the demonstration such a grand success." *).*1'I1''1"'"1* 3" yi'^i'wi111!1*1!1^ .*"11""n_f"T» y «S 'f 9*».' V ~V7i» v y&y' DOMAIN OF TEMPERANCE. PSYCHOTHERAPY IN TEMPER ANCE WORK. Psychotherapy is a pretty big word for the man in the street, but as its greatest usefulness, according to the Catholic Encyclopedia, is in alcohol ism, he should be satisfied to see its effects rather than ask for its defini tion. But he must not expect too much from it" in temperance work, for the writer in the Encyclopedia says: "There is no remedy that will cure alcoholism. We have had, during the past half century, hundreds of ad vertised cures we know now, that all of them owed their success to in fluences on the patient's mind. When a new cure is first announced many are benefited by it. Afterwards it sinks to the ordinary level and comes to be recognized as only a helpful physical treatment with a strong men tal factor attached. When the pa tients are in the midst of the attacks of alcoholism their physical state makes them crave some stimulation. At this time they must be given other than alcoholic stimulants, and must be under such surveillance as shall help them to keep away from liquor. After a variable time—from a week to two or three weeks—they are quite capable of resisting the craving by themselves, if they really want to." "The cure of alcoholism is easy, when they want to be cured," writes Father Lambing in the Pittsburg Ob server. But if they don't want to be cured? "But relapses are easier still" than cures, "because the patients think that they can take a glass and go no further When they are tired or chilled, or fear that they are going to catch a cold, or when friends suggest it to them, they indulge in a glass and then a second and a third, and the old habit has to be broken again." And the last state of the patient is worse than the first. "We have any num ber of examples, however, of men who have not drawn a sober breath for ten, twenty, or thirty years who have resolved to drink no more and have kept their resolutions. If a man inclined to alcoholism is put in the way of temptation" or puts him self in the way of temptation, or temptation is put in his way, "he will almost surely fall. He is more sus ceptible than otherwise he must be kept from contact with it in every way, and then it is comparatively easy for him not to relapse into the habit." Does he mean to remove the saloon if necessary to keep the poor fellow from contact with liquor? For if they will not keep away from it, per haps it might be kept away from them. "Probably the most helpful factor in the treatment of alcoholism is for the patient to have some friend, physician or clergyman, whom he thoroughly respects, to whom he turns with confidence in moments of trial." It "is easy enough to say what would be a good thing when one is writing far away from the scene of action. If one were out among those who stand in need of cure, he might ex perience the truth of the old saw: "Every man can cure the sick horse but the man that has him." It is so easy to give advice, just as it is easier for a physician to prescribe for than to cure a patient. "There is no rea son, except in case of distinct dete rioration, why he should not be com pletely cured but no drugs, but mem tal influence and will power is the im portant remedy. Moral factors mean much more th^n physical. If the pa tients want to, it is not, as a rule, hard to correct the habits." It is back again to where we started: "If they want to." Will some one give us an efficacious means of getting them to "want to," with the avarice of the liquor traffic giving as many opportunities as possible to the poor unfortunates to procure the drink their depraved' appetite is craving? The worth of psychotherapy or any other remedy for the drink habit is not to be undervalued but when one sees how very seldom cures are ef ficacious, it emphasizes the old adage that "An ounce of preventive is worth a pound of cure." If we wish to pro mote sobriety, one, or two, of two things should be done. "Teach young men to be sober." Organize those who do not drink and increase their number," is the first thing to be done then, to the more surely keep them from drink, keep drink from them by cutting down the number of places where it can be got to the minimum or abolish them entirely. If one does not want to be a total abstainer, let him not do anything that might be construed as discouraging it in others, of as discouraging the lessening or abolishing entirely of the places where drink can be got. And write over the ones left what Dante saw written over the gates of hell: "All hope abandor ye who enter here." DRINKING TO GET BUSINE88. If you must drink to obtain business, forego the business, writes A. M. Harris in his "Letters to a Young Man." You will be solicited by all sorts and conditions of men to join them in drinking, and they will feel offended if you refuse—but refuse. Don't think they will respect you more for your drinking. Not they. The psychology of the drinker's mind is this: He wants to see all men share his weak ness, and hates the silent disapproval implied in a refusal to join him. If it is a choice between the enmity of drink and the enmity of the man whose hospitality you refuse, take the lesser and eschew the insidious, far reaching destruetiveness of drink.