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vlii 'r I iit!-'»V^"M, W The Dominican Year Book for 1913 contains a well-selected as sortment of general reading for the family circle, in addition to monthly calendars of feasts and of indulgences which may be gained during the year. One of the most interesting articles is a flistorical sketch of St. Rose Priory, Kentucky—the Mother house of the Dominican Order in the United States. The Year Book is published by the Dominican Fathers of the Province of St. Joseph in North America and is issued from- the Rosary Press, Somerset, Ohio. At the beginning of the year it would be well if the subscribers to Catholic newspapers and per iodicals would make a resolution to help the Catholic press by se curing at least one new subscriber for their favorite paper. This is not asking too much of them. They are expected to show a per sonal interest in the spread of sound Catholic literature by help ing to extend the circulation of Catholic newspapers. If each one would add but a single subscriber it would double the circulation of each paper and render its work for religion more effective. Have you thought about it? If not, think and act quickly. It is the best testimony of appreciation you can give to the paper or papers in which you are interested. A WORD OF WARNING. It becomes necessary once more to call attention to the fact that certain rules have been laid down for the guidance of those who patronize the "Question and An swer" department of The Catholic Bulletin. Many enquirers seem to be unfamiliar with these con ditions. If they turn to this department they will find a brief statement of the conditions which must be fulfilled in order that their questions may receive atten tion. Many letters are received which do not cbntain the names of the senders. In all cases the name of the writer must be signed as a guarantee of good faith. The name will not be published. If the name is not signed to the let ter, the letter finds its way into the waste paper basket. We have no time to devote to anonymous correspondence. If one has not the courage to sign a letter he writes, he should not write it. At least, he should not expect to receive an answer to it. Many other letters contain ques tions which relate to personal mat ters or deal with local conditions and abuses. These we cannot an nwer. The Question and Answer Y, department is for the benefit of our readers and we cannot allow it to be used as a medium for "Vw "f, 1 s CATHOLICJFE^UIKFIN. Published every Saturday at 315 New ton Bldg., Fifth and Minnesota Streets, St. Paul, Minnesota, by The Catholic Bulletin Publishing Ci. SUBSCRIPTION PRICE: $1.50 a year, payable in advance. Advertising Rates on Application. All advertisements are under editor* ial supervision. None but reliable firms and reputable lines of business are ad* vertised and recommended to our read* ers. A mention of THE CATHOLIC BULLETIN, when writing to advertisers, will be mutually beneficial. The mailing label on your paper is a receipt for your subscription, and a re* minder of the date of its expiration. To insure change of address, the sub* senber must give the old, as well as the new, address. Remittance may be made by Draft, Post Office or Express Money Order or Registered Letter, addressed to THE CATHOLIC BULLETIN, 315 Newton Bldg., St. Paul, Minnesota. REV. JAMES M. REARDON, Editor. B. P. KOLESKY, 1 Wfeff j*** t» A Advertising Manager. Entered as second-class matter, Jan uary 12, 1911, at the post office, St. Paul, Minn., under Act of March 3, 1879. SATURDAY, JANUARY 4,1913. On the principle that good wishes are always in order, The Catholic Bulletin says once more, "A Happy New Year to all," and especially to its subscribers whose number it hopes to double, at least, during the coming twelve month. It can do so if each one will help a little. Many Catholic exchanges came to our desk recently in holiday attire and well filled with inter esting reading matter appropriate to the season. W»e hope that their readers and patrons will appre ciate their enterprise and show it by supporting them loyally during the coming year. The world says that good reso lutions are made only to be broken: therefore make as many as you like. Religion says make few resolutions—one practical one is enough—and keep them. There is one important resolution which each one should make at this holy season, namely, to destroy that besetting sin which has rendered spiritual progress impossible, or hampered the soul in its endeavors to attain a clearer vision of "the things that are above." ''^-"f '"ay** w- answering personal questions or those which have no general bearing on religion. If time per mits, we have no objection to answering questions of a personal nature, provided the writer en closes a stamped and addressed envelope for the reply. Many patrons of the Question Box become impatient when their questions are not answered in the next issue after they are sent in. This is impossible owing to the large number of questions re ceived. Only a limited number can be answered in each issue and the questions are taken up, as far possible, in the order in which they are received. A little pa tience will be rewarded. We invite the readers of The Catholic Bulletin to make fullest use of the Question Box by send ing in enquiries of general interest on the subject of religion. In fact any questions appertaining direct ly or indirectly to the Church will receive an answer in due time, provided it fulfills the conditions laid down at the head of the department. SERMONS FOR JANUARY. According to the prescriptions of the recent letter of the Most Reverend Archbishop the follow ing subjects are assigned for ser mons in the churches of the Arch diocese of St. Paul on three Sun days of this month: I. Supernatural Revelation.'' (a) The meaning of revelation. The difference between knowl edge received through revelation, and that received through human reason, between the supernatural and the natural. (b) The right of God, if He so elects, to give forth a super natural revelation. (c) The blessing to men of a supernatural revelation, taught throught it, as they are, by God Himself. II. "Faith, the Adhesion of the Intellect to the Teachings of Revelation." (a) The meaning of faith. Human faith, belief in the word of man divine faith, belief in the word of God. (b) Faith, the acceptance of divine revelation, onee the revela tion is duly authenticated, is no disparagement to human reason. Opposition to faith on the part of reason is most irrational, besides being a rebellion against God's authority and veracity. (c) The solemn duty of faith —of intellectual submission to the revelation made by God, once proven to have been made by Him. The refusal of faith, an open re bellion against God's majesty and authority. III. "The Need of a Supernat ural Revelation: Its Bles sings to Men." (a) The teachings of reason, while duly establishing vital truths, such as the existence of God, the supremacy in the moral order of God as legislator, the immortality of the human soul, etc., etc., are limited in extent and in efficacy, and call for further illumination through revelation. (b) In a particular manner is a revelation needed to enlighten us as to our more intimate rela tions with God—His fatherly love. His mercy when we have trans gressed. (c) The absolute need of a supernatural revelation, should God have raised man to a super natural end, to be gained through supernatural means—as later we learn from the teachings of the Christian religion. SUNDAY DESECRATION. The wide-spread desecration of Ihe Lord's Day, at the present time, has attained to such propor tions as to enlist the attention of all right minded people, both in Europe and America. The con tinuous whirl of amusement on Sunday, together with the scarcely interrupted rush of labor, makes it appear that a vast number of people have forgotten that one day of the seven is claimed by the Almighty as His own, to be conse crated to His honor and worship. The relentless grind of the wheels of modern industry on the one hand, and the insatiable demand for pleasure on the other, bid fair, says the Northwest Progress, to efface from the minds of men, especially from those of the rising generation, the obligation con tained in the third commandment of the Decalogue: "Remember thou keep holy the Sabbath day," which has the same binding force today as when it was given to Moses amid the thunders and lightnings of Mount Sinai. The law of rest and religious worship is broken by the pleasure seeker and the worker with the utmost unconcern, and yet none of the other commandments carries with it so solemn an injunction as does this one. "Remember/ it says, as though to add a special signific ance to this precept above the others. An infraction of the Sab batliieal rest was visited under the Mosaic law by the severest penal ties. but under the Christian dis pensation its severities have been greatly relaxed, except by the Calvinistic sect which followed the Jewish law in its rigid observ ance. The reaction from the Hebrew '^ji -s.5, W j»r v«t Sabbath and the gloom of the Puritan Sunday has nearly touched the opposite extreme of making the day one of ordinary labor or unlimited license. The Catholic Church, as the authorized interpreter of the Divine Will, has always allowed her children the largest liberty compatible with the laws of God, and in imitation of her Divine Founder she regards the "Sabbath as made for man, and not man for the Sabbath." Consequently, she has never de barred innocent recreation, or works of absolute necessity, after due attendance at divine worship. But not a few Catholicsi caught up by the irreligious spirit of the day, transgress even these mild bounds, and think it a matter of no moment to give the entire day to work that might easily have been avoided, or to pleasure-seek ing that takes little or 110 cogniz ance of God or His service. Even Catholic employers are not seldom found who require their employees to work during the hours when they should be attending church, thus depriving them of the spir itual uplift and also the bodily rest necessary for their welfare. It is a startling thought that in this so-called "Christian" nation there are sixty millions of people to whom the third commandment is a dead letter, and Sunday, at best, but a day of recreation or of rest from toil. While Catholics are not bound by the stringent regulations of the Hebrew or Pur itanical Sabbath, there is a strict obligation to sanctify the day from which they cannot lightly excuse themselves. The trend of the times is in the direction of unlimited license, and away from God and the wholesome restraints of religion. The American public has been aptly termed ''amuse ment mad," and therefore, what ever tends to encourage and strengthen this too prevalent ten dency, and to- cause people to for get the purpose cf the Lord's Day, whether this be the theatre, the fraternity picnic, the athletic field, hunting, rowing, automobiling, or other forms of amusement or labor, is open to very serious ob jection. Catholics, appreciating the aim of our Holy Father's pontificate. "To renew all things in Christ" ought to aid powerfully in bring ing about a change in those un christian conditions and restoring the true spirit of the Lord's Day. AN EVIDENCE OF PROGRESS. With this issue The Catholic Bulletin enters upon a new jour nalistic year with brighter hopes, a wider horizon and a stronger determination to "make good" than ever before. As an evidence of this it makes its first appearance as a seven column paper The change was rendered necessary on account of the demands made upon its spaee by advertisers who have learned its value as a medium for placing before the Catholic population of the Northwest their different lines of business. Then, too, more room was needed for general news and articles of interest. We hope that our readers will appreciate these efforts to give them a Catholic weekly newspaper second to none in the country. With their co-operation we aspire to surpass the very gratifying rec ord of progress made during the past year. They can help the cause of Catholic truth not only by inducing their friends to sub scribe for The Catholic Bulletin, but by patronizing those wbo ad vertise in it. To commemorate the seeond an niversary of The Catholic Bulletin our friends among the business men of the Twin Cities have en abled us to offer a supplement to this issue in which the attention of the public is called to what they have to offer in their respec tive lines of business. If our friends patronize them as well as our regular advertisers it will help to place this paper on a high plane as an advertising medium that gets results. Give our adver tisers the preference whenever you can do so, and let them know that you saw their advertisement in The Catholic Bulletin. It will be mutually beneficial. We thank all who have contrib uted to the success of the past and we bespeak a continuance of their esteemed support. DISREGARD FOR HUMAN LIFE. During the past few months an unusually large number of people have been killed or maimed in the Twin Cities as the result of reck lessness on the part of automobile drivers. It is a wonder that more people have not fallen victims to the speed mania which seems to possess these drivers who, in open defiance of the law, place the lives of their fellowmen in jeopardy by ignoring the speed limit set by the statute as well as the rules of the road. It is about time to put a stop to this insane desire to put on speed. Pedestrians and those who make use of the older and slower methods of transportation have rights which automobiiists should be taught to respect. If the laws regulating the speed of motor vehicles of all kinds are sufficient THE CATHOLIC BULLETIN, JAN. 4, 1913. to put a stop to the speed nuisance the penalty ought to be strictly and impartially enforced in every case. The aristocrat of wealth or position ought to be dealt with just as severely as his less prominent brother. There should be no favors shown in the enforce ment of these laws. If the laws do not provide a sufficient penalty to deter chauffeurs from endanger ing the lives of those who use the public thoroughfares, more strin gent enactments ought to be passed, and policemen and magis trates should be empowered, to deal with offenders in such a way as to abate the evil. In this connection it is not un interesting to note that the courts of British Columbia have decided that in future all persons killed by the carelessness of automobile drivers shall have their families supported, if they require it. by those responsible for the accident. This obligation will be imposed hereafter as a part of the criminal penalty. Already two chauffeurs have been sentenced to support the families of men for whose death they were criminally re sponsible through carelessness. They were forced to furnish bonds to this effect. Would it not be well for our legislators to consider the ad visability of enacting such a law? It would make the owners and drivers of motor vehicles more careful and place a wholesome re straint upon the speed mania which has taken possession of so many chauffeurs. IMPROVING CONDITIONS IN THE BLACK HILLS. Some time ago the Right Rever end Bisliop Buseh published an open letter to the citizens of Lead in which he deplored the absence of a proper respect for the sane tity of the Sunday. He called at tention to the widespread disre gard for the religious significance of the Sunday and pointed out the conditions which militated against the dlie observance of the Lord's Day in the Black Hills. The primary cause fo-r lack of Sunday observance, he asserted, was the necessity which compelled so many of the working class to continue their labor on Sunday as on the other days of the week. This Sunday labor is a relic of the pioneer days when the Black Hills was on the outskirts of civiliza tion and law and order had not yet been established in the com munity. Now that the community has emerged from the primitive conditions that made mining towns centecs of uninterrupted labor, the due observance of the Lord's Day should receive more attention. "From a purely civic standpoint,'* says the Bisliop, "Sunday as a day of rest and in spiration is an imperative need. A man who works every day with out interruption becomes more animal than human, and, there fore, an undesirable and danger ous citizen without the Sunday, especially for the laborer, family life, except in its most rudimen tary elements becomes next to im possible, the members of the fam ily are estranged from each other and their interests become divid ed without the Sunday our young men and women find the oppor tunity for social intercourse lim ited to- the night and the dance hall, both a special source of dan ger in a community so congested as this without the Sunday the moral tone of the whole com munity is lowered and the sense of the brotherhood gives place to selfish individualism." The necessity for a continua tion of physical toil on Sunday prevents the working man from attending to his religious duties and in time begets an atmosphere which is unfavorable to Sunday observance. Those who are not obliged to work are tempted to imitate the example of those who do work and remain away from church. One of the great difficul ties the Bishop encountered in hie efforts to bring about a better ob servance of the Sunday was the need of carrying on work in the gold mines which are the chief source of revenue for the com munity. He requested the mine owners to limit as much as pos sible the necessity for Sunday labor and called for a cessation of work in other lines of trade which are as much forbidden by the statutes as the opening of saloons and the conduct of a mer cantile business. The efforts of Bishop Bosch to bring about a better observance of the Sunday from the religious point of view met with hearty co operation on the part of the Fed erated Churches of Lead whose ministers commended his efforts and pledged themselves to co operate with him in an effort to remedy existing conditions. Not only that but the Board of City Commissioners at their re cent meeting adopted the follow ing resolution presented by Mayor Howard: "Be it resolved by the Board of City Commissioners of the City of Lead, S. D.. that we are in sympathy with the movement re cently inaugurated in Lead for the better observance of Sunday, be lieving that the ancient custom of working six days and not work ing on the seventh is proven by mm history to be the right one. We advocate one day of rest in seven on the broad ground that no im provement in men's physical or mental condition has ever proven .permanent unless preceded or at least accompanied by improved moral conditions. "And whereas, it is the settled policy of this city to perform only such work on Sunday as is abso lutely unavoidable, we therefore resolve to continue such policy during our term of office and fur ther resolve that in all future con tracts to which the city of Lead may be a party it is ordered that said contracts eontain a clause in which the contractor agrees to perform only such work on Sun day as may be absolutely un avoidable. The attitude of the HomestaTce Mining Company on the question of Sunday labor is expressed in the following quotation from a letter written by Superintendent Grier to Bishop Busch which was read at the different Masses in the Pro-Cathedral on a recent Sun day: "I advised the mine bosses, through the employment office,, that no order would be issued from this office making Sunday observance compulsory, but that they were to continue the prac tice observed for so many years, of allowing all who desired to work on Sunday to do so, and that those who wished to lay off on that day, might also do so, by giving notice on Saturday of their intention to lay off on the follow ing day." Bishop Busch, commenting on this letter, said that he had taken the matter up with the company and had been assured that the men who remained away( from work on Sunday would not lose favor with the mine owners. He commended their action in notify ing the men to this effect and hoped that it would produce good results. Men in other lines of business have assured the Bishop that they will strive to minimize as far as possible the amount of work which must be done on Sunday and in this way contribute to a better observance of the day. The city garbage contractor has given as surance that he will do no work under his contract on Sunday and the different coal dealers have also promised their co-operation to wards a better Sunday observance and thus the movement is gradu ally spreading. From the foregoing it is evident that the work of Bishop Busch is beginning to bear fruit in the Black Hills. The conditions which obtain in that locality make it difficult to bring about an entire cessation of Sunday labor. There are certain kinds of work in the mining industry which cannot be entirely stopped on Sunday with out great inconvenience and loss but there is no excuse for the or dinary lines of business ignoring the Sunday as a day of rest. The citizens of Lead owe a debt of gratitude to Bishop Busch for his efforts to bring them to a reali zation of their duty. It required no small amount of courage and prudence for him to take up the fight against this traditional dis regard for the sanctity of the Sun day in a community dominated by a single corporation which, while is has done much for the physical and social betterment of its em ployees, has paid little attention to their spiritual welfare. The attitude of this company towards Sunday observance has been copied by other business concerns, by city officials, merchants, and professional men. It will require time and patient labor to effect a change in local conditions but, no doubt, the religious sense of the community which has so long lain dormant will assert itself and the citizens, as a body, will see how reasonable is the attitude taken by Bishop Busch and will co-operate with him in his desire to ameliorate the conditions that have made Sunday observance so difficult in the Black Hills.. I Continued (rem paire t.) SERMON QFTHE MOST REVEREND ARCHBISHOP. A Religion Wfthout Dogmas. Those there are who dare not alto gether blot from their title-roll the name of Christian, who feel they must in some manner bow on Christ mas Day to the crib of Bethlehem, who, however, hid the Christian re ligion come to them in the form they themselves have chosen. Let it be an uprising of the soul, a sentiment, an emotion towards a better living. But away with dogmas and doctrines: the world has outgrown dogmas and with the world around we must keep pace. An insult to their own reason, no less than an insult to the authority of the Saviour, language of this kind. What is religion without its dogmas and doctrines? To be at all admissible, a religion must define itself, declare its principles, its methods of acting, its conditions of service: and this is dogma, doctrine. Does the nation ex ist without its constitution, without its principles of government—in other words, without its dogmas, its doc trines? Man is not a mere sentient being, ruled merely by impulse and emotion. The intellect must first have spoken before the will moves: and the voice of the intellect is argu ment and principle—dogma and doc trine. Jesus entered the world to draw men towards Him: must He not tell us who He is, what His purposes? Must He not propose to us the goal towards which He would have us K k'-KVi travel, and read out to us the means through which we may reach it? And this is dogma, doctrine. And Jesus spoke, "as one having author ity." By what right shall we, in re bellion to His teachings, hold our selves free to reject His words—all or any single one? Shall we say, His words are not truth and if they are truth are we at liberty to reject the truth? Shall we say, that, as if in insanity, Jesus spoke to the winds, careless as to who listened to them or bade them pass by? No—the God man does not cast His pearls to the swine: He does not insult His eternal majesty, by telling men to do as they please with the offerings of His love. He taught, and He exacted that His teachings be accepted, that no cme iota be dropped from them: "Going, therefore, teach all nations, teaching them to observe all things whatsoever I have commanded unto you." "He that believeth not shall be con demned." A Philanthropic Reflgfon, Well, yes—we hear it said—we shall have a Christian Church: but one more fit to appeal to present humanity —a church less religious, more philan thropic—a church that will serve bet ter the requirements of men, that will turn more to earth than to Heaven. I answer: the preaching of Christ was essentially and primarily religious. "What doth it profit a man to gain the whole world, should he lose his own soul?" What man supremely need* is the teaching of religion. Of earth he can by himself take suffi cient ease: of Heaven he knows by himself but little. It is in His reach ing towards Heaven that a Saviour, a Redeemer is needed. If religion is no longer the prime office of the Chris tian Church, in vain were the good tid ings of the first Christmas morn: "To day is a Saviour born to you in the City of David." In vain was the shed ding of the blood of Christ on Cal vary "unto the remission of sin." In vain was Christ's whole coming, Christ's whole preaching, Christ's whole work from Bethlehem to Cal vary. Blot Christ from memory, sink Him into oblivion, rather than dese crate His name by affixing to it a so called church, philanthropic rather than religious.. Of course, the religion of Christ is philanthropic—most truly so, because by its dogmas and mandates it lays the foundations of purest, strongest, sweetest charity and justice. He who serves God, will serve the neighbor for God's' sake. He who fulfills the law of God, will be just—seeking to give to all men their rights and char itable, spending himself in love to assuage eveny human sorrow, and re lieve every human misery. The re ligion of Christ created a new human ity, wherein justice and charity shone, as never before. But this it did be cause it was a religion linking man to God by belief in revealed truth, by submission to the divine commands of purity of souL and of immolation of pride and appetite upon the altars of divine love and service. A sad day for the philanthrophy even of the present time, when, yet more loosened from the religious principles, which still, with more or less consciousness on the part of its advocates, impart to it inspiration and strength. Thrown back upon its own resources of thought and motive, it should quickly wither and decay, utterly incapable of battling with the chilling words of human pride and human selfishness. A Re-Statement of the Religion of Christ. Well —we hear it finally said—let the old religion of Bethlehem and Calvary survive, and still continue its course through the world of men: but of its teachings, such as they have been, a re-statement must be made, a recast of form so as to clothe them with modern vesture a recast of sub stance even, so far as this is no longer expressive of present-day aspirations and conditions. What, humanity has today BO V V $ & grown in stature that it no longer, bends under the ruling hand of God: its intellect has become so en lightened that it no longer bears with the truths of divine revelation: its needs are so expansive that the rem edies provided for them by the Saviour of Bethlehem no longer are adequate to satiate them! The time has come, men dare to assert, when the world has outgrown the religion brought to it from Heaven when it must seek a life of its own making, in dependent of Him, who heretofore has reigned as Sovereign teacher and Master! Veriest of follies and of inr sensate rebellions—this audacious declaration that the revelation of Jesus must re-state its formulas of belief and practice, or make way foe a new religion, such as the one or the other in the world of men may at will excogitate and enforce. Christ taught —teaching with the authority of the works of the Infinite. He founded the Church, to subsist in all ages, to re peat even to the end of time the truths He had revealed. Christ re mains: His Church remains: "Jesus Christ yesterday and today, and the same forever." Those Who Receive Je«us of Bethle hem. Brethren, children of the Church of Christ, my words are for you, to guard you from the vagaries of an un believing world, to make you fast upon the rock of the divine faith, "once for aye delivered to the Saints." The world around you does not know the "Word Incarnate." "He was in the world, and the world was made by Him, and the world knew Him not." Children of the Church, yon know Him. But do you receive Him, as He wishes you to receive Him? "He came unto His own, and His own received Him not." Are you among those of His own who received Him not? Yes —if, only in belief, and not also in actual regeneration of soul, you have received the salvation, of which He was the herald, the Master. Have you on holy Christmas Day washed your souls in His sacramental blood? Have you for the coming years set your thoughts and resolves in har mony with His teachings and com mands? Is it so with you that all may say: "Of His fullness we all have received, and grace for grace?" 4W \w V '^T' f'***&' If so—in all truth, as in all sincerity, I wish you a happy Christmas. If so, a happy Christmas, indeed, is yours, for yon are of those of whom the Gos pel says: "But as many as receivedi Him, He gave them power to be made the Sons of God, to them believe in His name." BJILKITLF MHOLICS STATISTICS OF THE CHURCH IN BALKAN LANDS. It is not without interest for as to know the status of the CathoHe Church in the Balkans, now that all eyes are directed toward Bulgaria, Ser via, Montenegro and Greece, says Catholic Missions. Servia number only 8,100 Catholics.. Although Belgrade iB an episcopal see,, it has no incumbent Titular Bishop, and the kingdom is placed under the jurisdiction of the Archbishop of Scutari (Albania), the Most Rev. James Sereggi. There are ten secular priests, seven regular priests and four teen churches or chapels, the expenses of which are mainly borne by the Aus tro-Hungarian government. The Cath olics enjoy perfect freedom of wor ship, but are not allowed to influence members of the State Church (Ortho dox Church) to' adopt the Catholic faith. Montenegro, with a population of' about 300,000, counts about 7,240 Cath olics. There is an Archbishop at Anti vari, the Most Rev. Matthew Kardum,. O. F. M., who bears the title of Pri mate of Servia. He is, ex-officio, a member of the popular assembly (Skupschtina): Although the Greek Orthodox Church is the state religion, the Catholic Church is officially recog nized by the state since October 8, 1886. There are 13 secular priests and 10 regulars, 12 parishes, 27 churches and chagels. Bulgaria numbers about 41,080 Cath olics and 168 priests. It has several' dioceses: 1. The Diocese of Nicopolis, whose ordinary is Bishop Henry Doulcet, a Passionist, with 12,000 Catholics of the Latin rite, 5 secular priests, 4 Assump tionists, 15 Passionists, 14 parishes and 3 stations. 2. The Vicariate Apostolic of Sofia and Philoppopolis, that comprises nearly half of Bulgaria and all eastern Rumelia, and partly lies under the dominion of the Tzar of Bulgaria and partly under the Ottoman empire. The Rt. Rev. Bishop Robert Menini, O. M. C., is the Vicar Apostolic. There are 14,880 Catholics of the 1,000 of the Greek priests of the Latin Greek rite and 27 regulars. N Latin rite and' te, 18 secular rite, 5 of the 3. The Vicariate Apostolic of Mace donia, for the Catholics Bulgarian rite, at Sa Epiphanius Scianow of the Greek Slav rite. There are 10,200 Greek Catho lics, 33 secular priests and 10 regu lars. 4. The Vicaria te Apostolic of Thrace, for the Greek Catholics of Thrace and eastern Rumelia part of the vicariate is under the Ottoman empire and part under the Bulgarian empire. The Bishop is the Rt. Rev. Michael Petkoff. There are 3,000' Catholics, 15 churches* 5 chapelfe, 16' secular priests, 25 Resurrectionists and 10 Assumptionists. of the Qraeco aniki Bishop The Tzar of Bulgaria, King Ferd inand, is a Catholic, but in 1896 he had: his son Boris enter the Greek Ortho dox Church. Greece is divided into several: dto» ceses: 1. The province of Athens, with 25,000 Catholics of the Latin rite, 18'• secular and 14 regular priests, par ishes, 7 other churches and 9 chapels,, under Archbi8hop Anthony Delenda. 2. The province of Corfu, under Archbishop T. A. Polito, with about 6,000 Catholics of the Latin rite and 8 secular priests. It has one suffragan* bishopric, Zante-Cfephalonia. 3. Zante-Cephalonia, with about 1,000 Catholics, 2 secular priests and 4' regulars. The diocese is administered by the Archbishop of Corfu. 4. The Archdiocese of N&xos, with 250 Catholics, 1 parish and 6 secular and regular priests, under Arch bishop Leonardo Brindisi. This arch diocese has 6 suffragans. 5. Andros, with 30 Catholics, ad ministered by the Bishop of Genos. 6: Milo, administered by the Bishop of Santorino. 7: Santorino, with about 600 Catho lics,. 13 secular and 3 regular priests under Bishop Michael Camilleri. 8. SyroB, with 8,000 Catholics of the Latin rite, 21 secular and 8 regular priests, under Bishop Dominic Dar manin. 9-. Tenos, with 4,080 Catholics of the Latin rite, 23 secular and 6 regular priests, under Bishop John M. Prir ilegio. 10. Chios, with 400 Catholics of the Latin rite, 4 secular and 5 regular priests under Bishop Denis Nicolosi. Altogether on the side of these four Balkan states, that do not belong to the Turkish empire, we count about 101,670 Catholics of the Latin and the Greek rite, 348 secular or regular priests, mostly all of the Latin rite, and 12 Bishops. THE DIRGE ETERNAL. In the fall of the year Comes the fall of the tear And winds gray and drear Are sad. In the spring of the year Will hearts sing of thee, dear, Vaguely feeling thee near, And glad. But the fall of the year Brings the fall of the tear, Making all of us here Heart sad. O, the fall of the year With its fall of the tear Is the gall and the fear— Of the dead! —Rev. Henri1B. Tlernep, in The Atlantic. Learn to entwine with prayer the small cares, trifling sorrows and the little wants of daily life. Whatever affects you, turn it Into prayer and send it up to God. 'is***?