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\FR0M oust SPECIAL
ARCHDIOCESE OF ST. PAUL. Confirmation at Cathedral: Two hundred children and one hundred adults received the Sacrament of Con firmation at the Cathedral last Sun day afternoon at three o'clock. Bishop I«awler was assisted by the clergy of the Cathedral and of St. Joseph's -Church and by Reverend J. C. Coffee, S. J-, pastor of the Church of St. Igna tius, Winnipeg, Man. St. Paul Seminary: Right Reverend "Jlishop Lawler addressed the students Saturday afternoon, May 10, in the Aula Maxima under the auspices of the Clerical Total Abstinence Society. The Bishop spoke on the Self-denial -«f the Priest, developing the thought that total abstinence from intoxicating Ttquor is the most necessary and use ful form of self-denial for a young priest. To demonstrate that total ab stinence is not a new movement nor Smacking of innovation, Bishop Law ler referred to St. Jerome, St. Basil and St. Bernard of Clairvaux as illus trious, examples of this practice. Moreover, during the first six centuries of the Church the monastic orders ab stained not only from meat, but from wine also. And later, though the practice did not remain universal among the friars, many of the orders continued this form of self-denial. The Bishop said that in his own personal experience, he had invariably found that even at banquets and other sim ilar gatherings not only Catholics but Jews and Protestants as well es teemed the total abstaining priest more highly than any other. College of St. Catherine: A dra matic recital was presented by Gladys Thorstad Wednesday afternoon, May 14, at three o'clock. Miss Thorstad was assisted by Margaret Carnel, Odiel Loisel and Louise Tousignant. College of St. Thomas: The annual military inspection of the College of St. Thomas will take place on Tues day and Wednesday, May 20 and 21. Captain W. H. Raymond of the Gen eral Staff, has been detailed by the War Department to conduct the in spection. The feature Of this year will be a sham battle which will be fought on the college grounds Wednes day morning. In past years St Thomas and the University of Minne sota have been rivals in this annual sham battle, but owing to the difficulty on the part of the College to meet the convenience of the University, the rival forces will not be together this year. Church of St. Agnes: The three new bells for the Church of St. Agnes, St. Paul, will be blessed Sunday after noon, May 18, at three o'clock, by Right Reverend Bishop Trobec, of St. Cloud. Doctor Seliskar, of St. Paul Seminary, will preach the sermon. The bells, which are to be placed in the tower of the new church, weigh respectively, 3,000, 2,000 and 1,500 pounds. The cost of the two larger bells is $1,800. A new statue of St Agnes for the facade of the church will also be blessed Sunday afternoon The St. Agnes' choir celebrated the silver jubilee of its organization on Monday evening, May 12, by a con cert and the presentation of a Ger man operetta in the parish hall. The choir is under the direction of J. Kerker and has forty members. It was founded by Bishop Trobec, who was the first pastor of the parish He was also the first director and or ganist of the choir. Church of St. Cecilia: The new church of St Cecilia, Bayless and Cromwell Avenues, St. Anthony Park, will be opened Sunday, May 18. Low Mass will be celebrated at half past eight o'clock, and High Mass, at which the new choir will sing for the time, at ten o'clock. flTSt A. O. H. Field Day: The Ramsey County Board of the Ancient Order of Hibernians held a meeting at Hiber nian Hall on Monday evening, May 12, and discussed plans for the second annual Irish field day at St. Thomas College next August. Catholic School Games: Five games were played among the school teams Friday, May 9, in competition for The Daily News pennant, the Kennedy Bros. Arms Co. and St. Thomas trophies. St. Francis team was again win ners, defeating St. Adalbert's by 14 to 5. Cretin won over St. Joseph's by 15 to 2. St Bernard's emerged the victors over St. John's by 4 to 2. St. Matthew's won from St. Mich ael's by 13 to 2. St Luke's won over St. Vincent's by 9 to 5. The game between St. Mary's and Sacred Heart teams was postponed till Wednesday. In the games on Tuesday, May 13, the results were as follows: St. John's, 20, St. Michael's, 6 St Mary's, 6, St. Mathew's, 5 St. Bernard's, 10, Sacred Heart, 0 St Francis', 11, St. Luke's, 4 Cretin, 9, St Vincent's, 6 St. Joseph's, 12 and St. Adalbert's, 2. Church of St. Patrick: The mis sion conducted by the Dominican Fathers, at St Patrick's Church, St. Paul, came to a successful close on the evening of Whitsunday, with all the solemn ceremonies connected with such an occasion—the renewal of baptismal vows, the bestowal of the Papal Blessing and Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament. Rev. J. M. Eckert, O. P., preached the closing sermon. A substantial testimonial of their gratitude was given to the mis sionaries by the members of the con gregation. Guild of Catholic Women: The letters and art department of the Guild held a special May meeting in honor of the Blessed Virgin, last Tuesday afternoon at the home of Mrs. J. W. Bishop, 1817 Summit avenue^ St Paul. About eighty were present to hear the address on "Our Lady Queen of Martyrs," by Reverend J. C. Byrne, pastor of St. Mary's Church, St. Paul. A troupe of little girls specially trained for the occasion sang hymns in honor of the Blessed Virgin. Light refresh ments were served at the close of the meeting. Church of St. Mary: A sacred con cert was presented in St. Mary's School hall Sunday afternoon, May 11, at half past two o'clock and was repeated Monday afternoon for the special benefit of the children. The concert was given by the pupils of the school under the direction of the Sisters and was a well balanced en tertainment, consisting of songs, recitations, drills and choruses, fol lowed by a one-act play entitled, 'Aunt Polly's Visit" Two songs were rendered by Miss Gessner, and James Fahey, of St. Thomas College, gave a recitation. Special mention should be made of the musical playlet, "God's Little Garden," presented by the members of the Fifth grade, assisted by the "minims." Miss Elsie M. Shawe, organist of St Mary's choir, was accompanist. League of Catholic Women: "The Suffragette," a one-act play and Three Girls From School," a musical comedy in two acts, have been pre pared by members of the expression class of the Minneapolis League of Catholic Women for presentation at St. Joseph s hall, Fifth Street between Eleventh and Twelfth Avenues North, Friday evening, May 16. Three girls selected by the Minne apolis League of Catholic Women will serve tea at the American Women's Exposition in the National Guard Armory, May 20. The regular meeting of the Minne apolis League of Catholic Women was held last Monday afternoon at three o'clock at the Minneapolis Council, Knights of Columbus rooms, 527 First Avenue S. Rev. James Klein ad dressed the meeting, taking for his subject "The Social Mission of Cath olic Women." At the regular monthly meeting, Monday afternoon, May 13, the league voted to establish a playground in Northeast Minneapolis and to continue the work during the summer months which it has been doing during the winter, but to have most of it out of doors. The kindergarten work, sew ing, millinery and other work will go on during the summer. The sewing class of the league which has been conducted in the kindergarten rooms at 625 Main street SE will close Saturday after noon with a party for the girls from two to four o'clock. There are seven ty-five girls who belong to the class. Women's C. O. F.: A May party was given by St. Cecilia's Court of the Women Catholic Order of Foresters, Minneapolis, on Monday, May 12, at their hall, Fourth and Central avenues. Seton Guild: The Seton Guild of Minneapolis has placed Mrs. Mary Graves in charge of the free informa tion and employment bureau at 206 South Fourth Street. The Guild gymnasium class closed Thursday evening of last week, and nearly all the members joined the riding class which is conducted every Tuesday and Friday evening. The riding class bids fair to prove the most popular of the many classes con ducted under the auspices of the Guild. Officers were elected at the annual business meeting of Seton Guild last Monday as follows: Mrs. W. Browne, president Miss Annie Hayes, vice president Miss Alice Hanson, recording secretary Mrs. John Miller, treasurer Miss Rose E. Kane, chairman of the committee on ways and means. Mrs. J. T. Estabrook, re tiring president, is the other member of the board of management. The new officers will enter on their duties August 28, Mother Seton's birthday. University Catholic Association Thomas Q. Quigley, of Bird Island, Minn., was elected president of the Catholic Association at the State Uni versity Friday, May 9. Mr. Quigley is a member of the junior engineering class. The other new officers and directors of the association are Bern ard Galleghar, Waseca, vice presi dent Estelle Moynihan, Minneapolis, secretary Marie Peterson, St. Paul, treasurer Alice Leahy, Joseph Gainor, Joseph Fournier and Prof. Edward M. Lehnerts, directors. Faribault: The site for the new parochial school of St. Lawrence was blessed on Sunday, May 4, by the pastor, Reverend F. H. Smalian, and on Monday a hundred and fifty of the school children aided Father Smalian in the turning of the first sod. The building will be of brick with stone trimmings, 49 by 79 feet and two stories high above the basement. The auditorium will be on the second floor. Robbinsdale: A class of thirty-two children received their solemn First Communion in the Church of the Sa cred Heart on Sunday morning, May 11, at nine o'clock and in the after noon at two o'clock the new church bell was blessed by Right Reverend Monsignor Guillot of Minneapolis. The pastor, Reverend William H. Blum, announced that plans for the buildin of a new parochial house are bein formulated. Marysbur'g: The people of the Im maculate Conception parish were very successful in their entertainment on Thursday, May 1. Dinner and supper were served in Marysburg hall by the ladies of the parish and during the afternoon a sale of fancy articles was conducted in the hall decorated for the occasion. In the evening a large crowd gathered to enjoy the comedy, "Muldoon's Blunders," pre sented by the young people of the parish. The choir of the Immaculate Conception Church and Hobbe's or chestra of Mankato, added much to the attractiveness of the program. The proceeds of the entertainment are for the benefit of the Immaculate Con ception Church of which Reverend P. C. Moloney is pastor. Farmington: Final preparations are being made for the laying of the cornerstone of the new Church of St. Michael on Sunday afternoon, May 18, at three o'clock. In the morning there will be three Masses, at seven, eight and half past ten o'clock. The women of the parish will serve din ner at noon in a tent erected on a lot east of the new church grounds. The Right Reverend Bishop Lawler will officiate at the laying of the cornerstone and will preacn the ser mon. Many priests of the neighboring parishes and from the Twin Cities have promised to be present and un doubtedly there will be also a large gathering of the laity. Northfield: The Forty Hours' De votion was conducted in the Church of St. Dominic last week, ending on Sunday, May 11. The sermons were preached by Reverend Henry G. Mc Call, pastor of the Church of St. Au gustine, South St. Paul. The pastor, Reverend Peter Meade, was assisted during the devotions by several of the neighboring priests. Holy Rosary Chapel: A benefit en tertainment for the building of the new Holy Rosary Chapel at Minne haha Falls was given at the audi torium of the Soldiers' Home Mon day, May 12, by the Nokomis Dra matic Club. "His Model Wife," a one act farce comedy, was one of the fea tures. William Streett directed the presentation of the comedy. Forest Lake: The two side altars and communion rail erected in St Peter's Church this week by the Giuliani Statuary Company of St. Paul will be dedicated Sunday, May 18, and on the same day a large class of children will make their solemn First Communion. The new communion rail is of composition material having a marble top. The new altars, one of the Blessed Virgin and the other of St. Joseph, are of composition ma terial with marble and onyx finish. They were donated to the parish a few weeks ago. Reverend Thomas F. Gibbons is pastor. Loretto: At the close of the Thir teen Hours' Devotion in the church of Sts. Peter and Paul, May 7, a new set of the Stations of the Cross and Pieta, lately purchased from the Guiliani Statuary Company of St. Paul, were blessed by the former pas tor, Reverend A. Van Den Heuvel. The Pieta, an exquisite piece of stat uary, was donated by a few special benefactors of the parish, mostly mem bers of the Altar Society. The people of the parish under the direction of their present pastor, Reverend Alfred J. Kern, are planning other statuary and decorations for the beautification of their church. Italian Boys' League So that small boys may be kept busy during the sum mer months, when school closes in the Italian district of Minneapolis, Reverend A. R. Bandini, pastor of the church of Our Lady of Mount Carmel, is organizing two baseball teams. An appeal for aid in this enterprise was made to the Minneapolis League of Catholic Women at the monthly meet ing and already suits have been ob tained for one team, but there is still need for nine other suits besides balls, bats and gloves which the ladies will supply. DIOCESE OF BISMABCK. Dickinson: Extensive improve ments are being made in St. Patrick's cemetery northeast of the city. A well has just been drilled which tests twenty-five gallons of water per min ute. The flow was found at a depth of one hundred feet and the water comes within about fifty feet of the surface. A pump will be used this season but eventually a tank and gas oline engine will be installed. Trees and shrubs have been recently planted and much care will be given to the cemetery hereafter. Last year the association fenced the grounds at an expense of about $1,000. Richardton: A corps of Catholic Cadets is being organized similar to the one at Mandan, the only corps in the State heretofore. Captain Francis Snyder of the Mandan Catholic Cadets visited Richardton on Sunday, May 4, to make preliminary arrangements for the new organization. When the dele gates of the General Association of German Societies of North Dakota met at Mandan last year the Richard ton delegation expressed a desire to establish the company. Reverend Lucas Feigenwinter, O. S. B., pastor of St. Mary's Abbey became interested and has been planning the new corps for some time. One of the chief difficulties will be found in the lack of a competent drill master Richardton has no militiamen or anyone able to drill the boys accord ing to modern methods, though many of the priests there are familiar with Old Country methods. The question of membership and interest will not be a factor at all, for the college there will supply a membership, at least during the winter months, of 150 to 200 Cadets and all of the boys are highly interested. Captain Snyder will visit Richard ton again before June to give the new corps its first drill, and to help solve the problem of getting a resident drill master. SIOCESE OF DULDTH. Umcmui Correspondent. Rev. P. J. Lydon, Box 772. Duluth. Minn. Duluth: The Right Reverend Bishop confirmed nearly a hundred children and adaite last Sunday ia the Cathe dral. Dates for Closing of Schools: The following were the dates fixed for the closing of the various schools at a recent meeting of the School Board: THE CATHOLIC BULLETIN, MAY 17, 1913. Girls' Cathedral High School June 12, St. Anthony June 13 in the forenoon, St. Mary June 16 in forenoon. Cathe dral School June 16 in the evening, SS. Peter and Paul Julie 17, Brothers' School June 18, St. John the Baptist June 19 and St. Clement's June 20. The Villa Scholastica will close for the summer at 3 o'clock, June 13. The Bishop's Namesday: May 1st, the Namesday of Right Reverend Bishop McGolrick, was celebrated at the Villa Sancta Scholastica by the presentation of St. Walburga, a re ligious drama of four acts. This drama is historically accurate. It takes us back to the "Ages of Faith" and vividly portrays the missionary spirit of royal and great women sacri ficing comfort and homes in order to convert the barbarians of other lands. The Right Reverend Bishop com mended the thirty-five performers very highly upon their excellent ren dition of the play, and upon their intelligent and sympathetic interpre tation of t!?e characters. General Picnic for Orphans: The pastors of the city will meet at the Bishop's house on Friday, May 16, to devise plans for a united picnic on July 4 for the benefit of the or phanage. Virginia: Two Polish Jesuits from Milwaukee recently gave a very suc cessful mission in St. John's Church, Virginia, of which Reverend Michael Sengir is pastor. Chisholm: Reverend John Schif frer, of Chisholm, intends to sail for Europe on June 7. Reverend Francis Missia, of St. Paul Seminary, will have charge of the parish during his ab sence. Father Schiffrer is at present pre paring for a bazaar to be held at the end of this month. Hibbing: Rev. Dante Gill recently arrived from Italy to become pastor of the Italian church in Hibbing. Many of Father Gili's townspeople are living in Hibbing. On his arrival they gave a banquet in his honor. DIOCESE OF FARGO. Dloceaan Correspondent: RfeV. "V. J. Ryan, 608 Broadway, Fargo, N. D. Fargo: An oratorical contest was held at the Sacred Heart Academy on Wednesday afternoon of last week. All the class of 1913 participated and eight were selected as worthy to en ter a second contest to be held on May 30th. In this second test the best three will be selected for a pub lic contest to be held at the end of the scholastic year. On Tuesday evening, May 13th, the Catholic Dramatic Club of Moorhead, Minnesota, presented "Tony, the Con vict," a five-act drama, in the audi torium of the Cathedral Club. The performance was a great success and reflects much credit on the Catholic home talent of the sister city. The music was supplied by the Knights of Columbus orchestra. Wahpeton: A four days' mission was preached in St. Adalbert's Church commencing on Ascension Thursday and ending on the Monday following. The exercises were conducted by Rev erend Joseph Laufer, O. M. I., the sermons in the Bohemian language being supplied by the pastor, Rev erend Joseph Gaydusek, and Reverend Al. Gaydusek, of Lidgerwood, N. D. Father Laufer devoted the rest of the week to a mission at Mooreton, clos ing it on Pentecost Sunday. Moore ton is attended by Father Gaydusek, of Wahpeton. Bottineau: Reverend Joseph An drieux, for the past several years pas tor of St. Mark's Church, left last week for a visit to his old home in France. Father Andrieux expects to return about September first. In his absence his parish will be attended by Reverend A. Sammut. Minto: During the past week Forty Hours' Devotion was held in the Church of the Sacred Heart. DIOCESE OF LEAD. Rapid City: The Right Reverend Bishop Busch has purchased twenty seven acres of land in the Province addition for $800. The land lies in the artesian belt, which has already been tapped by adjacent land owners for water and is susceptible of irriga tion for farming. The purchase is the first made by Bishop. Busch in pursuance of a col onization scheme he Is perfecting. Sturgis: The Young Ladies Sodal ity of the church of St. Aloysins, con ducted a social in the auditorium of the old church building, on Monday evening, May 12. A large class of children made their solemn First Communion on Pentecost Sunday and many non-Catholics were present to witness the beautiful cere monies. Cheyenne Agency: On Sunday, May 11, immediately after Mass, the whole congregation of Corpus Christi church went in procession to the cemetery to decorate the graves and to pray for their dead. In this grave yard over a hundred have been buried all except two being Indians. DIOCESE OF SIOUX FALLS Elkton: The Knights of Columbus received a large class of candidates on Sunday, May 11. Many visiting Knights from the surrounding towns took part in the ceremonies, among them a large delegation from Flan dreau. Bryant: A farewell reception was tendered to Reverend P. C. Cafferky on his departure for his new field of labor in the state of Missouri. During Father Cafferky's pastorate of St Mary's Church he has made many friends and not only his own parish ioners but a large number of non Catholics were present at the recep tion to express their- regret at his departure. DIOCESE OF WINONA Rochester: The new school build ing erected by the Parish of St. John's was ready for occupancy, Friday, May 9, and all the boys and girls attending school in the four rooms of the frame structure on Sixth and Clark streets were transferred to it. The rooms on the lower floor are to be occupied by the primary grades permanently, and in the fall, the boys of the seventh and eighth grades will occupy the new Brother school which is to be opened in September. The high school girls are still at the Academy of Lourdes and no change will be made this school year. The wooden school house which is one of the landmarks of Rochester, is the property of the Sisters of St. Francis and it will probably be moved from its present location. Waseca: The Ladies' Auxiliary of the Ancieflt Order of Hibernians, will give an entertainment at the city hall on Friday evening, May 23. "A Dream of Fairyland," a juvenile cantata, was given in the Palace Theatre, Thursday evening, May 15, at half past eight o'clock, by the pu pils of Sacred Heart School. ODE TO ST. PAUL (Written for The Catholic Bulletin by Maurice Le Doux.) Where yonder mighty river Leads the gathering waters of the plains, Of prairies and of woods, 'tween lofty banks, And weaves them in her continental flow, The roving Indian watched the otter's pranks With bow and quiver, Tracked the red-deer Along these shelving cliffs and sheer, And worshipped in his wigwam fanes Till fifty years ago. Now, amid groves Of lofty elm and sturdy oak there roves The youthful cleric on the sloping lawn, Where scent of lilacs' purple bloom, Of cherry-blossoms, roses,—all per fume The breath of eve and morning's silver dawn. The gowned levite, though he pore On treasured lore Of wisdom's 'sober books, Feels all the air around Vocal with mingled psalmody of sound The warbling birds, the whispering breeze, the laughing brooks. The rattling cars that come, The buzzing automobiles whirling by Bring echoes of the distant cities' hum— The clash and roar of modern restless life, A jungle of the fierce, commercial strife Where struggling men forget they have to die. But here, where chimes of silver throated bell Each quiet hour, each peaceful duty tell, The humble cleric breathes the air of peace, His heart from bustling thoroughfares withdrawn. Waking, he learns to greet the dawn With benediction to the Lord Through studious days Among these wood-girt paths strays he The while he ponder* o'er historic creeds And nightly learns anew how sweet the slumbers Induced by magic numbers Dripping from the beads. FORTUNE TELLING REASONS WHY THIS PRACTICE 18 CONDEMNED BY THE CAYM OLIC CHURCH. In answer to a letter of a corres pondent to the Bombay Examiner on the question of the licity of fortune telling, the editor gives the following reasons for the condemnation of this practice by the Church: 'It is fairly safe to assume that the ordinary professional money making fortune teller is a charlatan, with nothing of insight into either the fu ture or the past. The only puzzle is how does he manage to startle peo ple and secure the credence of those who go to consult him? In the first place, those who are willing to spend money with a fortune-teller are al ready highly credulous, and in the best disposition to seize upon any thing which seems to hit the truth and to believe whatever else that they are told may also be true. But apart from this, fortune-telling is an art and a very subtle one. If you have ever been to a phrenologist you will find that he professes to tell your character by feeling the bumps on your head. Much of what he says will strike you as true the rest, if you are dis posed to believe, will strike you as a new light on your own character which you never noticed before, and now you will begin to believe that also. Then again, much comes simply from his following the ordinary code of bumps but he does not depend on this alone. From the first instant you enter the room he was taking your measure. Your general appear ance would suggest something your manners and deportment would tell something a few casual exchanges of conversation would tell some thing and by the time he has finished with you he has picked up enough knowledge of you to write down your character quite independent of your bumps. What he is certain of he will put down definitely what he is doubt ful of he will express ambiguously and vaguely, so as to have room for two Interpretations and so on. The art of the fortune-teller in per sonal interviews, at least, is partly exercised in a similar way. He takes your measure from the very first, no tices how his different tentative re- marks affect you, and by shrewd guess ing tries to create the impression that he sees into your past. It is a sort of mental conjuring in which he con ceals his art, and leaves you wonder ing how it is done. Especially he has the art of concealing his mistakes, just as the conjurer does, by diverting your attention from them as soon as he finds them out. Where the divination is carried on by letter these particular forms of art cannot, of course, be practiced. The only means in that case must be pure guesswork, ambiguous suggestion and calculation of probabilities. As to "whether Catholics are for bidden to believe in it," that requires a distinction. It is not forbidden for Catholics to believe that there is such thing as divination or occult quest for knowledge from evil spirits. On the contrary, we clearly believe that such a thing exists. Instances of it are given in the Bible, for example, the Witch of Endor, and Elymas the Sorcerer. But it is at the same time forbidden for Catholics to make use of it, because this should be a form of dealing with the devil. But a 'prac tical question occurs: "Is it forbid den for me to consult a fortune-teller, believing that he is merely a charla tan, and that there is no devil in it and merely going for fun just to see what it is like?" Answer: Before doing this you must be sure (1) that there is really no devil in it and (2) that the magi clan himself also knows that there is no devil in it. But these two points are not easy to ascertain. There may be some devil in it after all, or at least the magician may think that he is in communication with the devil, or has tried to become so. In that case you must not co-operate in his evil intention, but must leave him alone. If these two points are secured, there still remains the fact that the magician is practicing a fraud on the public and you must not therefore lend yourself to co-operate in his dis honest intention. So practically speak ing, on one ground or other, you should never have anything to do with such people. It would be differ ent if there were some useful purpose in view. For instance, suppose you were a detective trying to catch an imposter or a professor of science or theology wishing to prove by ex periment that astrology was a fraud etc. In that case the conducting of experiments under the guise of credulous client might be justified, but not otherwise. RELieiQUSJIlM DIFFERENCE IN ORIGIN AND SPIRIT BETWEEN CATHOLIC AND PROTE8TANT HYMN8. The following passages from an arti cle in the Portland Oregonian on the history of hymns, although written by a non-Catholic, contain some refresh ing truths: "The Catholic Church has Latin hymns dating back to the Middle Ages, which breathe the deepest devo tion and are full of mystical charm It has others, like the famous 'Dies Irae,' which denounce the terrors of the judgment day upon the unrepent ant sinner. But Catholic hymnology has followed a development of its own quite unlike that of Protestant sacred poetry. Its music has always been of the best, and the sentiment chaste and reverent. The elder branch of the Christian family has never deemed it necessary to worship God by whining through the nose or per forming vaudeville antics in the choir. It has taken the best music from all sources and consecrated it to the pur poses of worship. "The sentiment of the early Protes tant hymns came almost entirely from the Old Testament. The spirit of the new dispensation was entirely too meek and submissive to suit them. In Germany, France, Holland and Scot land, as well as in England, the Re formers were rebels. In the Teutonic countries they wrecked the Cathe drals and coated sacred pictures with whitewash. In France they would have broken up the unity of the na tion had it not been for Richelieu* craft and Henry IV's compromising policy. In Scotland they drove out the elder church and assimilated its benefices. In England they cut off the king's head and routed his armies. Everywhere they were ferocious but drawling singers. It is strange that such active fighters should have been such wretched musicians. Probably Puritan church music has upon the whole been the worst ever conceived, though one must not forget brilliant exceptions to the dismal rule. The hymns of the Lutheran church, brought over by the Scandinavian im migrants, are fully as despairful as those of the Scotch Covenanters of the New England Puritans." BEFORE THE s In some cases his guesses may be rather striking, in others disappointing but no matter which happens, the man has got his money. Those who are disappointed will not patronize him again while those who are satisfied are likely to do so. They are more over in the best disposition for a fa vorable interpretation. For instance, suppose you are told that in early youth you fell in love but failed to se cure the first object of your affection. This is quite likely to be true of nearly' everybody. Also that at the age of seven you escaped a great dan ger. You say at once: "Quite likely, although I was too young to know anything about it." At about your twentieth year a grave calamity fell upon the family. "Quite likely that one of my aunts died just about that time." You were harassed by the ma chinations of an enemy. "Yes, course, there was So-and-So, who dis liked me and tried to do me harm." But he will never tell you that in your twenty-first year you came in for a fortune of a thousand pounds or that your marriage took place on April 25, 1879, or that your first child died at the age of two years, or that five years ago you lost a thousand rupees in a bankruptcy. Definite dates and specified facts like these would soon reveal the fraud, which is not so easily detectable in vague general izing. PILGRIM FATHERS CATHOLIC MI8SIONARIE8 BORE THE CR08S TO THE HEART OF AMERICA A CENTURY BEFORE THE PILGRIMS LANDED AT PLY MOUTH ROCK. At Southampton, England, recently was laid, says the Emporia (Kansas) Times, the corner stone of a monu ment designating the spot from which the Pilgrim Fathers embarked in the Mayflower for the voyage across the sea to their future home In the wilder ness of America. The Mayor of the town and other notable personages made addresses in which the virtues of these clean-minded but stern and intolerant champions of a set of ideas were extolled. In this connection, however, one is reminded of the historical fact that Catholic missionaries had been at work in the very heart of the con tinent almost a century before the Pilgrim Fathers landed at Plymouth Rock in 1620. In the year 1541 Cor onado marched from Mexico northward across the region that now forms the Western States. He had with him four Franciscan Fathers, two of whom Father Juan Padilla and Father Louis La Cruz—quit the expedition when it had reached what is now Cen tral Kansas, and cast their lot among the Indians in an endeavor to convert them to Christianity. Father La Cruz perished in an un known manner on one of his mission ary excursions. Father Padilla, how ever, was murdered by some hostile natives while kneeling in prayer Christmas morning, 1542. Friendly Indians tenderly gathered up the re mains of this first American martyr and buried them. They made a rude monument of stones that, after nearly four centuries, still stands, according* to the Kansas historian, Noble Pren tis, "crowning the brow of a hill, near Council Grove." Another monument to this pioneer priest stands in the city park at Her ington, Kansas, erected by the Qui vera Historical Society. The new Church of the Sacred Heart of Jesus at Emporia, Kansas, has a beautiful memorial window dedicated to this early martyr. The window, most ap propriately, was placed there by com mercial travelers, a delicate tribute to the pioneer from a class of men who must in a limited way leave home and friends to ply their vocation. II UUMNELSON DESCENDENTS OF THE GREAT ENGLISH ADMIRAL ARE CON VERTS TO THE CHURCH. The grea,,t-great-nephew of Admiral Nelson died recently in England, in his ninetieth year. Earl Nelson was a devoted member of the Anglican Church, but Lord Merton, who suc ceeds to the earldom, has been a con vert to the Catholic Church for many years. His heir-presumptive, the Hon. Edward Agar Horatio Nelson, also a Catholic, has five sons and three daughters. 8AINT CLARA COLLEGE, NIWA, WISCONSIN. SIN8I- On the afternoon of May 4, Mr. Lud wig Becker, violinist, assisted by Mr. Arthur Granquist, pianist, both of the Columbia School of Music, Chi cago, gave one of the most interesting musical programs of the year. On May 10, the preparatory depart ment presented a short farce, Truth, followed by the serious little three scene play, Germaine Cousin, the Shepherdess of Pibrac. Especial credit is due to each little actor for the way she entered into her part and helped to make the whole "a thing of beauty" and a real joy to the hearts of all present. THE MISSIONARY. Published Monthly at the Apostolic Mission House, Catholic University, Washington, D. C.—Official Organ of the Catholic Missionary Union—A Magazine Devoted to the Conversion of America. A subscription to THE MISSION ARY does not mean merely a cold, business transaction, of which you and the editors are the only ones to derive benefit. No! Your subscrip tion provides you with an excellent monthly magazine, 'tis true, but it also aids us in carrying on the work of winning souls to God, and you become a sharer in this noblest of all works. Surely you can do nothing that is better calculated to win for yourself the compassionate Heart of Him Who prayed so earnestly that there might be but "One Fold and One Shepherd." Do not delay! Subscribe now that you may read the stirring accounts of Missions to non-Catholics, and the in teresting stories of conversions to the True Faith. Subscription Price, One Dollar a Year. CATHOLIC COLONY DUCK AND FIQ FARM8. Series No. 1, consisting of Fig Or chards, sold out. Series No. 2 com prises 500 combination five-acre duck and fig farms, adjoining Catholic town, Celeste. $25.00 down and $10.00 monthly. No experience necessaryt. Expert direction. No failure. Splen did profits. Sure income. Write to day for references and full particulars on lots or farms, to GULF COAST FRUIT FARMS CO., Knights of Columbus Bldg., 106 8fc Joseph St., Mobile, Ala. CATHOLIC TOWN. $5.00 down and $5.00 montTily" buy* a ltt in exclusively Catholic tow% Celeste, in the hills of beautiful Soutlle ern Alabama. Lots $75.00 and upu Winter homes—Health resort—Fiat investment—Excellent business oppoJS tunlties. No interest, no taxes.