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SELECT HEADING «w GLEANINGS.,. MANY SOCIAL LAWS ADOPTED IN EUROPE. French tabor Office Reviews Labor Legislation Enacted in 1912. The French Labor Office has pub lished an interesting review of the de ire lopment of the social legislation in Hurope during the last year. In no less than ten countries laws relating to wages and labor conditions have been drawn up, the most noteworthy of which is the minimum wage bill for minors in England, in which a legal ^minimum wage was recognized. An other law provides for an embargo to be placed upon ships in cases where the loaders have not been paid. A new taw in Greece stipulates that all wages S&ust be paid in cash, either weekly or three times weekly, and that amounts up to one-quarter of the wages only may be deducted in payment of fines or for other purposes. Another special law provides for all disputes between worker and employer being brought before a justice of the peace. In this way rapid legal action will ~e assured without cost to either party. In Austria a new law exists under which the miners are to be paid every four teen days. Employers are forbidden to take more than cost price from their workers for tools, or pay wages in a beer house or on licensed premises. A further law raises the amount of wages or pension which may not be seized in payment for debt. A law has come into force in Italy making industrial instruction, for children of twelve to fourteen years of age who are engaged in factories, compulsory. A bill for the establishing of commer cial high schools was also approved by the Parliament. Laws concerning female and child labor, work in fac tories, workshops, mines, and on rail ways, sanitary, and other precautions for the safety and welfare of the work ers, as well as the weekly day of rest, were introduced in eight different countries. In seven other countries similar bills are at present before the government. A Swedish law amends and combines the old laws relating to the regulating of the working condi tions for all industrial workers. It also prohibits the employing of children un der twelve years of age in industries, and boys under fifteen years of age in the mines (women may not be em ployed in the mines at all). Children between twelve and thirteen must not be employed more than six hours daily between thirteen and fourteen not longer than eight hours, and four teen to eighteen not more than ten hours daily. Six weeks' rest to be al lowed in cases of confinement. A law has come into force in Greece regulat ing the employment of women in in dustrial concerns. Children under twelve years of -age. may not be em ployed unless they work with their parents, when the minimum age is ten years. The working time for children of from twelve to fourteen years must not exceed eight hours for juveniles, fourteen to eighteen, ten hours daily. On the days preceding Sundays and holidays, eight hours is the maximum working time allowed. A pause of half an hour must be grant ed to children, and to juveniles and Domestic Compiled specially for The Catholic Bulletin LESSON XXXVIII. FRYING. Frying means cooking in hot tat deep enough to cover the material to be cooked. The fat used for cooking may be olive oil, lard, beef drippings, cottolene, etc. A combination of 2-3 lard and 1-3 beef drippings is con sidered better than lard alone. To Try Out Fat— Cut fat into bits, put it into a pan in the oven with enough cold water to cover, and let simmer slowly sev eral hours. When fat is melted and nearly free from water, strain it. Another way is to put the small pieces of tat in the top of a double boiler. To Clarify Fat— Melt fat, all raw potato cut in K inch slices, and allow fat to heat gradually. When fat ceases to bubble arfd potatoes are well browned, strain (through muslin or double thickness of cheese cloth placed over a strain er) into a jar or pan. Points About Frying— Fat should be hot enough to form crust on the food cooked in it. So long as the fat bubbles it is not hot enough. Anything that cools the fat, tends to make the food greasy. Do not &ut too much into the fat at a time, as it lowers the tempera ture. Reheat the fat after each frying. All fried food should be drained on soft paper. Rules for Testing Fat for Frying— When the fat begins to smoke, drop into it an inch cube piece of bread. If this browns in forty counts or seconds, the fat is hot enough for cooked mixtures. Ex., croquettes, cod fish balls, etc. Use same test for un cooked mixtures, allowing the minute for bread to brown. Ex., doughnuts, etc. NOTE— Nearly all food not containing eggs, is dipped in eggs and crumbs, flour or meal to protect them from absorb ing fat. The heat of the fat hardens the albumen of the eggs and forms a coating. DOUGHNUTS. Doughnuts No. 1— 1 sugar S eggs v 7&?$£ 2% tbsp buffer *4 tsp cinnamon FOR THE FAMILY. WAYSIDE.™ ,^V-^TTt^— 1 women two hours (Saturday one hour). Night duty for females and children is forbidden. The law provides for fac tory inspection. In accordance with the Berne Congress, a law has been introduced in Spain for abolishing night duty for females and children. Another law stipulated that females employed in business houses and offices must be afforded an opportunity to sit down. A new shop law has come into force in England, which comprises all pre vious laws in reference to shop assist ants, etc. A new amendment to the Swedish law permits shops being open ed only between the hours of 6 a. m. and 9 p. m. week days. A law has been introduced by the Reichstag pro hibiting the employment of children under fourteen years of age in smelt ing or rolling works. DISCIPLINE OF DIFFfcULTIES. There is a story of a tender-hearted woman who, seeing within a cocoon the struggle that the butterfly was making to free itself, thought to help by breaking the meshes, and letting the silken-winged creature loose but the butterfly, thus released, was too weak to lift itself, too undeveloped to care for itself, and died before its rescuer's eyes. It needed the battle. Beginnings ought to be hard. The people whose beginnings are made easy for them are the handicapped. Attainment, achievement, fulfillment cannot be made easy—and beginnings should not be. Patience, determina tion, thoroughness come hard to those who have never known hard begin nings. The bright pupil who learns his lesson without special effort usually receives a poorer preparation for life than any other boy in the class. It is not only the virtues essential to success that are to be associated with hard beginnings family affection flourishes best when there are diffi culties or dangers to enrich the soil of home life. VAMPIRES. Jesuit Priest's Opinion. A London evening paper, referring some time ago to the persistence of the belief in the reality of vampires, asked the question, "Do vampires ex ist?" It reported a case where the head of a family resident in a small Russian village died, and since then nine other members of the family have also died. Believing that their deaths were the result of the roving spirit of their chief, the remaining sur viving members of the family assem bled together a few evenings recently, disinterred the remains, and cut off the head, again burying the body. They hope by this means to prevent any further evil happening to the family. Interviewed on the subject by one of the Catholic Herald representatives, a well known Jesuit Father pointed out that in Proverbs xxx, 15, there was an allusion to the Alngah, whose daugh ters are said to cry "Give, give." The Alngah might, he said, be the horse leech, and probably was, but it might also be the alng or ghnl, an Arabic female spector which sucked blood. "To know that which before us lies in daily life is the prime wis dom." —Milton. "To know that which before us lies in daily life is the prime wis dom." Milton. 4 tap baking powder Vz tsp grated nutmeg 1 milk 1% tsp salt 3% flour and enough to roll. Cream butter, add *4 of the su gar. Beat eggs until light, add milk, remaining sugar, and combine. mix tures. Add 3% flour, mixed and sifted with baking powder, salt and spices, then enough more flour to make a dough stiff enough to roll. Toss of the mixture on floured board, knead slightly, pat and roll out to Y* inch thickness. Shape with doughnut cutter, dipped in flour. Fry in deep fat and drain on brown paper. Doughnuts should rise to the top almost immediately when put in to smoking hot fat. Doughnuts No. 2— 2 flour 1 beaten egg tsp salt *4 milk sugar tsp cinnamon 3 tsp baking powder tsp melted butter tsp grated nutmeg Mix and sift flour, baking powder and seasoning. Beat eggs, add to it the sugar, milk and melted butter. Add to dry ingredients and mix with knife. Pat, roll and shape as in recipe No. 1. Sour Milk Doughnuts— 4 flour and enough to knead tsp soda sweet milk tsp salt 1 sugar 1 tsp baking powder 1 tbsp melted butter 1 well-beaten egg tsp cinnamon sour milk Mix according to directions for doughnuts recipe No. 2. Add enough flour to knead, pat, roll and shape fry as in recipe No. 1. Apple Fritters— 2 apples cut in cubes 1% flour 2 tsp baking powder 3 tbsp sugar tsp salt milk 1 egg Mix and sift dry ingredients add milk to well beaten egg. Combine mixtures then add apples. Drop by spoonful and fry in deep fat. Drain on brown paper and sprinkle with powdered sugar. r" :r/jpf^ W Asked what a Catholic could believe about vampires, he said: "A Catholic will treat the whole business as an af fair of evidence. It would, of course, be insolently unscientific to say there are no sorts of created beings in the universe save those of which we are conscious. Scientifically, fkere may be religiously, we believe there are (i. e., spirits of different kinds—an gels and devils). And if so, it would be quite as unscientific to lay down offhand what such beings could or could not do. "Catholics are inclined to diagnose an element of diabolic activity in Spiritualism. If this is so devils can apparently utilize matter to some ex tent, clothe themselves in it, and ex ercise material effects on men and things. It is impossible then to as sert dogmatically that a devil could not behave in some such way as vam pires are said tb behave, if God per mitted this. Whether it has ever hap pened is entirely a matter of evidence, and I should say that my personal opinion is, that there is no evidence whatever for the apparition and ex istence of vampires. "Mystically speaking, however, I should say that the myth of Vampires testifies to a belief very deep-seated in humanity, namely, that the blood is the life, and that if you drink blood from a living creature you are drink ing and absorbing its life. The same held in a less degree for eating its flesh, especially before the blood had left it. All sorts of nations at different times had rituals based on this, some very gross, some very mystic in in tention, yet for the most part horrible and materialistic. "Christianity is so marvellous a re ligion," said the Jesuit Father, "among other reasons, because it is so sublime, yet never scorns what is low and be cause it condescends to the most When little children sink to sleep, Above them white-winged angels keep A loving watch from dark to light, All through the terrors of the night. And when in dreams they softly smiU With hearts and lips that know no guile, Their souls forsake- the haunts of men And wander back to heaven again. —Mart E. Mannix, in Ape Maria TENDEREST OF MOTHEfitft. A Story of an Old Soldier. An old soldier who for more than forty years had led a life of irreligion, and who was not known by his com panions or neighbors ever to have been a Catholic, suddenly stopped the priest one day as he was passing the little cottage wherein he lived, and surprised the good old man by tell ing him that he wanted to go to con fession. "But are you a Catholic?" inquired the priest. "Yes, father," was the reply. "That is to say I was once a Catholic." "Certainly you may come to con fession, whenever you wish," said the priest. "But I am curious to know what has impelled you to this step. It can hardly be fear of immediate death, for you look as well and as hearty as ever I saw you." "I was never better in my life," re plied the man. "For the past fortnight I have been feeling unusually well. But something has taken hold of me, father a vague unrest which I can not describe. For several days I have been saying to myself that the next time I saw you I would ask if I might not be permitted to go to confession." "And afterwards?" queried the priest. "You intend to lead a good Christian life to the end of your days, I hope?" "That is my intention," responded the soldier—"with God's help, father." "With God's help, of course," ob served the priest. "Without His help we can do nothing. I am rejoiced at your good dispositions, my friend and you may come this evening at seven o'clock." "Very well, father. But you will help me, I hope. I have forgotten all about confession, and I do not know any prayers." "No prayers at all—not the *Our Father'?" "I have forgotten it." V "Or the 'Hail Mary'?" "I have forgotten that Well, well, but you must have said some prayers now and then to have s THE CATHOLIC BULLETIN, SEPTEMBER 27, hUr man elements in man, yet never de grades itself. It is truly Catholic and universal, and links the highest with the lowest. It caters for the whole man, body and soul. It takes account of all his instincts. It is not like paganism, ancient and modern, which simply recognizes the claims of the body and its pleasures, nor like the old or new philosophers, who despise the body and sacrifice it utterly to the spirit, as if we were, or even could be, an angel." Oneness of Life. Now the center of Christianity is the Incarnation. And the Incarnation prolongs itself in the Eucharist. And in the Eucharist we feed in an abso lutely true, yet most spiritual and mys tical fashion, upon Christ's Body and Blood. There is nothing horrible about its ritual it has no materialistic asso ciations. We take unto ourselves Christ's life all our fellow Christians do so, too, and we are linked with them in one life. The Eucharist is the most truly "social" institution, for it unites God, and every Christian liv ing or dead, into one better than by ties of political party, country, or uni formity, because the unity it effects is that of oneness of life in each and all concerned. THE CHILDREN'S HOUR. THE CHILDREN AND THE ANGELS. When little children wake at morn To greet once more the day new-born, The angels take each tiny hand And lead them forth from Slumber land. When little children laugh and play 'Mid snares and perils of the day, The guardian angels stand between Each lure and pitfall dark, unseen. received the grace which Almighty God is working in your bouI?" "No, I have never said any prayer, because, as I told you, I do not know any now. But there are a couple ol little verses my mother taught more than fifty years ago. Often at night when I am in bed they com into my mind—a matter of habit you see, and frequently I have fallei asleep murmuring them to myself." "Will you say them for me now?' asked the priest quietly. *1 woulc like to hear them." The old man began without least trace of self-consciousness: "I put my trust forever, O Mary pure, in thee! Then show thyself a mother, And daily succor me. And when death's hand shall touch me, Thy pity I implore: Oh, lead me, dearest Mother, To God—for evermore!" "My dear friend, don't you know," said the priest, "that, though you may have been entirely unconscious of it yourself, the Blessed Mother of God whom none has ever invoked in vain, has always had you in her keeping? You have great cause for gratitude. Come to me this evening it will not take long to restore to your memory the 'Our Father,' the 'Hail Mary' and the Act of Contrition." As the priest pursued his home ward walk he said to himself: "I be lieve in spite of his apparent good health, that the hand of death has touched him." And so it proved. The old man made a good confession and received Holy Communion the next morning. The following day he was found dead in his bed. A SMILE AND A TASK. Keep a smile on your lips it is better To joyfully, hopefully try For the end you would gain than to fetter Your life with a moan and a sigh. There are clouds in the firmament ever The beauty of heaven to mar, Yet night so profound there is never But somewhere is shining a star. Keep a task in your hands you must labor By deeds is true happiness won For stranger and friend, and for neighbor, Rejoice there is much to be done. Endeavor by crowning life's duty With joy-giving song and with smile, To make the world fuller of beauty Because you are in it a while. CONTRIBUTION TO THE CHINESE MISSIONS. Miss Edith McLaughlin, of 2348 West Pico Street, has demonstrated the true missionary spirit by depriv ing herself of the luxuries of life that twenty-eight cents would have pur chased and this small young lady of eight years has handed in her pennies for the Chinese missions. If more lit tle girls would ^emulate fefete good ex ample the "heathen Chinee" would soon be only a memory and Christian China would be an assured fact. The amount has been forwarded to Father Koesters, Society of the Divine Word, at Techny, 111. Speaking much is a sign of vanity, for he that is lavish in words is a nig gard in deed. If yeur eyes rebel=see UBEL Eyes Examined, s Fitted Soientifioillj Oculists Prescriptions Fiiied Accurately I can refer you to thousands of pleased Clergymen and taymen Customers in the Northwest. FRANK A. UBEL SCIENTIFIC OPTOMETRIST AND OPTICIAN *78 Wabasha Si. St. Paul. Minn. LOOK H:RE! FAMA STONEWOOO "THE MODERN FL00RlN6" For Hospitals, Schools, Churches, Dormi tories, Convents, Etc. Fama Stonewood Flooring is absolutely sanitary, fireproof, jointless, and of extreme durability. Fana Fireproof 6ypsun Tila The mast efficient and economical partition material available far partitions. fireproof and durable Samples and catalogs win be gladly furnished upon request. Minnesota Fama Stonewood Sibet, Swar, Hoiiov aid Ca. Incorporated Office and Factory 1704 Ronde St., St. Pail C. H, KLEIN, President C. P. KLEIN. Yard Mgr. Daily Capacity 200.000 C. H. KLEIN BRICK CO. Manufacturers of tfce Cefefirated Cftaska Brick Fin '. o! B-'r t0 Ne* CaSietiri We Manufacture CMMM Brisk CHASKA, MINNESOTA H9RRIGAN LIVERY 444-446 WacovU Street Phases: Tri-State 996 N. W. 991 Hearses, Carriages and Light Livery AS TJP-TO-DATK OUTFIT 1913. Merchants Hotel GEo. E, Ma St. Paul, Minn. EUROPEAN PLAN RATES—$1.00 and $2.00 per day. With bath $1.50 to $2.50 per day. Hot and Cold Running Water in Every Room. For Unexcelled Service and Un equalled Cuisine give our Cafe a Trial. Two blocks from Union Depot and but one from Steamboat Landing. Street Cars pass in front of the ho tel for all points in the city. Jefferson Lumber Co. Lumher and Mill Work Telephones N.W.Cedar 436 Tri-State 43S 194 South Franklin Street Bet. Eagle and Chestnut SAINT PAUL, MINNESOTA S O K E If you value Accuracy. Prompt Service and a Square Deal in all your Druir buying tben you will trade at this up-io-date Pharmacy. I please others and can please you. Come in and let me prove it. E. A. E K E 680 Selby Ave., Cor. St. Albans ST. PAUL GEIST, Jeweler Diamond importer MAKER OF ART JEWELRY 28 E. Sixth St. St. Paul, Mfffif. STEAMSHIP TICKETS To and from Europe at LOWEST RATES FIRE INSURANCE, REAL ESTATE, LOANS GXBO. W. STENGBR 23 East Sixth Street Before placing- your order for Printing- ask us •for "figures. HANDFOMT& WELLCK PRINTERS T. S. 2870 N. W, Cedar 3495 62-64 E. Third St. ST. PAUL, MINN. pwrytrpfMST ttttos. N.UMBING, NEAUNG AND TINNING 20 East Sixth Street E. H. BAILEY, President Ol M. NELSON, Assistant CaiUcr *$m rr 5-r^f? %^W^V7^s"''j[V VSMKiS t*-k King that beats an Ace SEALOF MINNESOTA CIGARS 2 for 25c—Straight Ten 3 for 25c There's a LITTLE SEAL For Five Sold Everywhere LBT MoCOLL BE TOUR DRDGOI8T" HENRY McCOLL Prescription Druggist Moore Building Seven Corners ST. PAUL, MINN. Phone Your Drug Wants Prompt Delivery MARBLE TILE CUT STONE THE RIHEEN STONE 60. S Ml anil KASOTA For DRUGS Gall IAMBS I HOWARD ELLIOTT. President Northern Pacific Railway Co. EDWARD N. SAUNDERS, President Northwestern Fuel Co. CHAS. W. AMES, President West Publishing Company E. H. BAILEY. President THEO. A. SCHULZE, President Foot, Sctaolze fe C*. CH AS. W. GORDON, Presideat Gordon & Ferguson W. A. MILLER, Vice President HAYDN S. COLE, Vice President Nortbwestern Trast WATSON P. DAVIDSON. Capitalist MOST MODERN BEN BAER, Pres. HAROLD CUSHING First National Bank OF ST. PAUL, MINN. UNITED STATES DEPOSITORY Capital $3,000,000 Surplus $2,000,000 O I E S !-r&fX'?&3<.tr\+ THE MERCHANTS NATIONAL BANK OF SAINT PAUL SIXLLL AND MINNESOTA STREETS Capital $2,000,000 Surplus and Profits $2,000,000 Deposits Over $20*000,000 Commercial, Individual and Savings Accounts cordially invited. On deposits in our Savings Department we pay interest at the rate of 3% per annum, computed quarterly. O I E S THORSON, WE PAY 3Wh INTEREST ON DEPOSITS CARE AND MANAGEMENT OF PROPERTY ENDICOTT BUILOIMO ST. PAUL, MINN. SAVE YOUR MONEY and deposit it in STATE W. JL MILLER, Vice President CHAS. H. BUCKLEY, AssistantCashier I E O S V- '. SAFE DEPOSIT VAULTS 5% TRUST ttaiiflt/UES 5% fARM MORTGAGE BONDS In any Amount, $10 and over $100. $500 and $1000 CHOICE FARM MORTQAQES AND MORTGAGES ON CITY PROPERTY FARM MORTGAGE BOND COMPANY Hi Endicott Arcade. St. Mul, Minn. DIRECTORS Otto Bremer Louis W. Hill Walter Bntler H. H. BIgelow William Butler JesseA.Greg? F. B. Lynch Wm. Joyce Louis Betz E.S.Warner J.B.Sullivan Pierce Butler W. S McCurdy John A. Hartigan, Pres. Webster Wheelock AMERICAN NATIONAL BANK BUILDING Cor. Fifth and Cedar Sts. ST. We offer you the facilities of this institution for savings accounts Vice-Pres. L. H. ICKLER, Cashier U S E E S Chas. H. F. Smith Otto Bremer Harold Thorson Ben Baer Jas. H. Weed L. H. Ickler C. C. Emerson B. L. Goodkind J. W. Cooper Will buy a good safe Public Utility Bond Yielding 5% to 6% a n i A a i s 405 Pioneer Building SAINT PAUL A IT |V No matter what heritage you leave, your child will some day be dependent *jj» on SELF. If left with a fortune already earned, the habits formed in early years will determine how wisely that fortune will be administered. The best object lesson your child can have in the care of money and its earning power, is a savings account at the Capital National Bank. A dollar will start an account and secure a steel home savings bank. CAP!141 NATIONAL BANK i Capital Bank Building Fifth and Robcrt'streets ST. PAUL, MINI. VA.V.V LUTHER S. GUSHING WALTflt J. DRISGOLL. DRISCOLL AND REAL ESTATE BROKERS, MORTGAGE LOANS GENERAL INSURANCE SAVINGS BANK 93 E. 4th Street, ST. PAUL, MINN. 3i per cent interest computed semi-annually. Every dollar deposited in this bank is secured by first mortgage or a high class bond. Deposits. $5,000,000.00 Surplus $190,000.00 CHARLES P. NOYES, President KENNETH CLARK, Vice-Pres. LOUIS BETZ, Treasurer O. WfTXITTS. A-«'t Tress. JOHN C. LOUIS W. HILL, Chairman ol the Board WALTER BUTLER, Butter Brothers, Contractors WILLIAM B. DEAN, Nicola, Dean A6n( DARIUS MILLER, President C., B. ft EWGEIf, Ass't I i S 34 PAUL, MINN. Treas. F. A. NEINHAUSER, C«sltier EDWIN MOTT, Asst. Cashier Q. Railway CoBtpaay ALBERT N. ROSE, Jos. Ullmann ALBERT L. ORDEAN, President First Nat.Bank, Duluth, Mitsn, RICHARD A. JACKSON, Vice President Great Northern Ry. C THEODORE L. SCHCJRMEIER, President C. Gotzian WILLIAM H. DUN WOODY, Washburn-Crosby Co, Minneapo DAVID C. SHEPARD, II, With Finch Van Slyck JOHH J. TOOMEY, Great Northern alfway Cowoany A Co. „U, V 7.. If A McConril'