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THE APOSTOLIC DELEGATE SENDS A SCATHING LETTER TO THE CATHOLICS OF LEAD IN BISHOP BUSCH SUSTAINED ANSWER TO THEIR PROTEST AGAINST BISHOP BUSCH AND COMMENDS THE BISHOP'S ZEAL AND COURAGE IN PROTESTING AGAINST SUNDAY DESECRA TION IN LEAD. Some weeks ago the Catholics of Lead who protested against the refer ence made to the Homestake Mining Company in the address delivered by Bishop Busch of Lead at the Mil waukee convention of the Federation of Catholic Societies, sent a copy of their protest to the Most Reverend Archbishop Bonzano, the Apostolic Delegate at Washington, D. C. Last week His Excellency returned the protest and wrote a scathing letter, in which he condemned the action of the Catholics of Lead who denounced Bishop Busch for the statements con tained in his Milwaukee address. The following is a copy of the let ter which is addressed to James L. Curran, Lead, S. D.: 'Dear Sir: Herewith enclosed, I am sending back the protest, that you and your friends sent me against the Right Rev. Jos. F. Busch, Bishop of Lead, because it is full of disrespect for him and is unbecoming of Catholics. The Bishop, in his address before the Convention of the Federation of Catholic Societies in Milwaukee, and in his circular letter treating of Sun day inobservance in Lead, amply acknowledged the liberality of the Homestake Mining Company toward its employees in general and towards the Catholic Church in particular. If you had only carefully read these two documents, you would not have felt the need of sounding the GERMAN CATHOLIC SOCIETIES OP THE STATE HOLD CONVEN TION IN ST. CLOUD—MANY IM The seventeenth annual convention of the Staats-Verbandes, the State Federation of German Catholic So cieties, opened in St. Cloud, Minn., last Sunday, and closed on Wednes day, after a very successful meeting. Jt was also the thirty-fifth annual convention of the German Catholic Mutual Aid Society. The convention opened with Solemn High Mass in the Cathedral, in presence of Right Reverend Bishop Trobec who preached a sermon on "Faith." In order to accommodate all the delegates, another service was held in St. Mary's Church where Pon tifical High Mass was celebrated by the Right Reverend Abbot Engel, O. S. B., of St. John's Abbey, College ville, Minn., at which a sermon on "The Holy Family as a Model for the Christian Family" was preached by the Rev. Alfred Spirig, S. J., of Man kato. In the afternoon there was an im posing street parade in which nearly 5,000 members of the various societies participated. At the public meeting which fol lowed addresses were delivered by the Rev. Eugene Scheuer, Holding ford, on "St. Joseph as a Model for Men," by M. C. Tautges, on "Mary as a Model for Women and by the Rev. Joseph Koesters, D. D., S. V. D., a missionary from China, on "The Child Jesus as a Model for Youth." On Monday morning the delegates attended a Solemn High Mass at St. Mary's Church at •eight o'clock at which the Right Reverend Monsignor Nagl was celebrant, and the sermon was preached by the Rev. Valerius Nelles, O. F. M., of St. Paul. After Mass the delegates repaired to the convention hall where the usual routine business was transacted with President Pan) Ahles of fat. Cloud in the Chair. During the convention the follow ing subjects were discussed: "Lay men's Retreats" by Rev. Robert Schlinkert of New Ulm "Higher Edu cation" by the Very Reverend Alcuin Deutsch, O. S. B., Rector of St. John's University, Collegeville and "Mixed Marriages" by the Very Reverend J. G. Stiegler of Pierz, Minn. The Staats-Verbandes was organized in New Ulm in 1894 and has a mem bership of 11,388, representing 134 associated societies. The present con vention is the third held in St. Cloud since its organization. The reports of the different officers showed the societies represented at the convention to be in a flourishing condition. The reserve fund of the Mutual Aid Society is now over $500, 000. The society was organized at St. Paul in 1877 with 500 members. Today it has a membership of 15,000 and a Ladies' Auxiliary of about 3,000. i11 W. Company's praises as if the Bishop had not already fully lauded its gen erosity. The Bishop denounced, as contrary to the laws of God and of the State, the habitual inobservance of Sunday in Lead, placing the greater part of the responsibility for it on the Home stake Mining Company. And thus far this has not been de nied by anyone, not even by the friends of the Company, when they formed their resolutions in their meeting of the 6th inst. This fact of Sunday inobservance being once established, it was not only a right of the Bishop, but it was also a duty for him to protest, which he did precisely in virtue of those "religious prerogatives" that you attack in your protest, and yet at the same time, say you "are not in any manner at tempting to interfere with." You similarly disregard these religious prerogatives when you haughtily de clare that "you are opposed to the formation of any Catholic Working Men's Union in the diocese," as if it belonged to you and not to the Bishop to look after the welfare of the faithful. And withal you boast of the facts that you are Catholics. You ,say you are true and loyal friends of the Homestake Mining Company and of this I have nothing to say, provided your friendship for the Company does not cause you to grieve and offend a Bishop of whose apostolic zeal and courage you should be proud. I am sending enclosed in this let ter the copy of an editorial taken from the Telegram, a paper of Dead wood, So. Dakota, that will enlighten you about the true situation in Lead. A copy of this letter will be sent to the Right Rev. Bishop. I am, GERMAN SOCIETIES CONVENE PORTANT SUBJECTS DISCUSSED —IMPOSING STREET PARADE ORGANIZATION IN A FLOURISH ING CONDITION OFFICERS ELECTED. Yours respectfully, JOHN BONZANO, Archbishop of Miletene, Apostolic Delegate. The election of officers resulted as follows: President, Paul Ahles, St. Cloud Financial Secretary, W. Eibner, New Ulm Recording Secretary, Frank Jungbauer, St. Paul Treasurer, Martin Walser, Mankato. The mem bers of the executive committee are: Anthony Henle, New Ulm George Stelzle, Minneapolis George N. Ger lach, St. Paul Right Reverend Max Wurst, Wabasha and John Juene mann, St. Paul. Tuesday was observed as Catholic Day, and on Wednesday morning the convention was brought to a close with a Solemn High Mass of Thanks giving. The following officers of the Mutual Aid Society were re-elected: President, George Gerlach, St. Paul Vice-President, M. J. Aretz, Chaska Secretary, J. Q. Jueneman, St. Paul Treasurer, John R. Schroeder, Minne apolis Traveling Organizer, George Stelze, Minneapolis Ben Gerlach "of St. Paul, member of the finance com mittee, was re-elected for three years. THE CLORYJF TRIER ANCIENT CHURCH OF ST. MA THIAS TO BE RESTORED. The work of restoring the most ancient Christian sanctuary in the Rhine province has been taken in hand with the consent of the State, the cost to be borne from a special pious foundation. This ancient monu ment of religion is the Church of St. Mathias in Trier, a place of pilgrim age on account of the shrine of the Apostle whose body reposes there. The church was erected on the site of a Temple of Venus in the time of the Emperor Constantine, who before his conversion had thrown several thousands of his prisoners of war to wild beasts in the arena of Trier. The sanctuary as we now possess it dates from the twelfth century, and the body of the Apostle is contained in a rich sarcophagus, which is surrounded by numberless votive offerings. MEMORIAL OF LEPIHTO CHAPEL OF THE ROSARY IN VENICE TO BE RESTORED. There was, in Venice, attached to the Church of SS. John and Paul, a beautiful Chapel of the Rosary built on the plans of Vittoria to commem orate the victory of Lepanto, but it was destroyed by fire with all its treasures of art in the year 1867. A committee under the presidency of Signor Pompie Melmonte has been formed for the reconstruction of the famous chapel, and now, after four years' careful study, the approbation of the Minister of Fine Arts has been obtained to the designs. The Holy Father has given 25,000 lire towards the work, and Count Venier, a de scendant of one of the heroes of Le panto, has donated 10,000. The com mittee have collected 160,000 and are now appealing to all Italians to as sist in the restoration of a monument raised to this glorious victory. PRIEST DROPPED DEM FATHER CAISSE, S. J., STRICKEN SUDDENLY AT NIAGARA FALLS. While running to catch a Gorge car at Niagara Falls on September 23, Rev. Theophilus Caisse, ,S. J., of St. Mary's College, Montreal, dropped dead. Father Caisse had been to Buffalo, where he* visited Canisius College, and also Very Rev. George J. Krim, S. J. He was on his way to Toronto, where he was to hfive taken a boat for Montreal. In his endeavor to make the car he broke into a run. The exertion overtaxed his heart and he dropped on the sidewalk, expiring al most immediately. Father Caisse was 72 years old. His identity was established by let ters found on his person. REiMlE EVENT THREE RELIGIOUS, SISTERS IN BLOOD, CELEBRATE GOLDEN JUBILEE. One of the most remarkable events in the history of the Church in this country took place on September 24 at Fort Smith, Ark., when Mother Augus tine and Sisters Dominic and Vin centia, sisters in blood, and members of the same order, the Sisters of Mercy, celebrated their golden ju bilees. The jubilee, which was observed with elaborate services, was presided over by Rt. Rev. J. B. Morris, Bishop of Little Rock. Pope Pius in a cable gram bestowed his blessing upon the Sisters, who went to Arkansas from Ireland with Father Byrne, afterwards the first Bishop of Little Rock. They entered the sisterhood at He lena, Ark., fifty-four years ago and, after spending four years in training, were received into the order. They have resided in Forth Smith forty-nine years. They are apiong the oldest Sisters in point of service in the United .States. IGTING COM GLYNN FIRST CATHOLIC TO OCCUPY EXECUTIVE CHAIR IN NEW YORK SINCE THOMAS DONGAN. Lieutenant- Governor Martin H. Glynn, who became acting-Governor of New York State on the impeach ment of Mr. Sulzer, is the first Cath olic to govern the State since the days of Thomas Dongan, illustrious in Colonial times. Lieutenant-Governor Glynn has al ready established a remarkable rec ord as a public official and has won the admiration of even those who are politically opposed to him. He was seriously considered as a candidate for Governor at the Syracuse convention last fall. Martin H. Glynn was born in Kin derhook, Columbia County, N. Y., September 17, 1871. He received his education in the public schools, and while still a student, took a position as assistant bookkeeper in a cotton mill. He was graduated with honor from Fordham University in 1894, and following his graduation began his career as a newspaper man on the staff of the Times-Union in Al bany. Later he became managing editor of that newspaper, and spent his leisure hours in the study of law. He is now editor and proprietor of the Times-Union. In 1897 Mr. Glynn was admitted to the bar, and the following year he was elected to congress, where he served two terms. He was appointed by President McKinley a member of the Louisiana Purchase Exposition Commission and subsequently was elected its vice-president. The nomination for controller of the State was given to Mr. Glynn by both the Democratic party and the Independence League, and notwith standing the fact that Charles E. Hughes, the successful candidate for governor, was a Republican, he was elected, and was controller from 1906 to 1908. It is admitted by all sides that his administration of this office was one of the ablest ever given the State. FATHER REANEY AND FATHER RENNOLDS SENT TO NEW STATIONS. Two important assignments or changes in station of officers of .the United States navy have just been an nounced by the Navy Department. Chaplain William Henry Ironsides Reaney, the senior of the Catholic chaplains, has been transferred from the battleship Utah to the training sta tion at Newport, R. I. and Chaplain Louis Paul Rennolds has been de tached from the battleship Nebraska and assigned to duty at the naval training station at St. Helena, Navy Yard, Norfolk, Va. ST. PAUL, MINN., OCTOBER 4, 1913. THE HOLT SEE MOVEMENT t4WaRd^ CONVER SION TO THE CHURCH OF ROME. The ruin of the dream of a greater Bulgaria whose limits should be con terminous with those of the Bul garian race has led, says the London Times, to a movement among the Bul gars of Macedonia, interesting, not only in itself, but as an example of the interplay of religion, nationality, and politics which is especially char acteristic of the Near East. Our cor respondents in Sofia and St. Peters burg have reported that various spokesmen of the Bulgars in those parts of Macedonia which the Treaty of Bukarest has given to Servia are advocating secession from the Ortho-. dox Church and submission to the Church of Rome as the best means of preserving their Rationality. A ten dency to turn to itome for the further ance of their national aspirations is not without precedent in Bulgarian history. Without, going back to the ninth cfentury and King Boris, who after his conversion to Christianity— itself a political expedient—wavered for a while between the obedience of Constantinople and that of Rome, or to Kaloyan, third of the Asen dynasty of Tirnovo, who in the thirteenth cen tury bowed to the supremacy of Rome and took his crown from a Papal Le gate, we may recall the strong move ment in favor of reunion with Rome which grew up in 1860. As the Bul garians, from one cause or another, again became conscious of national interests distinct frqm those of the Greeks, with whom they had for cen turies been confounded, they inevita bly expressed this consciousness in a revolt from the jurisdiction of the Orthodox Patriarch of Constantinople for, under the Turkish system, all those who submitted to this jurisdic tion were officially classed as "Greeks." And revolt from the Ortho dox Patriarch naturally suggested an appeal to his secular rival, the Pope of Rome. The Romeward movement was stopped by the influence of Russia and by the action of the Porte, which was as little disposed as the Byzan tine Emperors to allow any extension of the jurisdiction of ©Id Rome in the Eastern Empire, to-which the Sultans had succeeded and of which they largely carried on the traditions. Abdul Hamid II was astute enough to see the advantage, on the principle of divide ut imperes, of a Bulgarian schism as Kaisar-i-Rum he was the fountain of ecclesiastical jurisdiction and in 1872 he satisfied the aspiration of Bulgarian nationalism by the berat establishing a separate Bulgarian Church under an "Exarch" of its own. The situation thus created has been fundamentally altered by recent events in the Balkan peninsula. So long as Macedonia remained part of the Turkish Empire the Bulgarian Ex archate was the nucleus round which all the elements of Bulgarian national ity were gathered, and the process of gathering did not always tend to edi fication. The outcome of the second Balkan war dashed the hopes of the Bulgarians the effective jurisdiction of the Exarch, beyond the frontiers of Bulgaria itself, has been confined within the narrowed limits of the Turkish pale, while his scattered Macedonian flock, which he was to have led triumphantly into the pas tures of a Greater Bulgaria, has been rapt from him and penned into alien folds. Hence the recent resolution of the Bulgarians at Kustendil. Rather than be fed, and fleeced, by a pastor who will seek to change their creed, they will turn to one remote enough to be impartial in these local questions of race, and strong enough to protect his outlying flocks from alien hire lings. So they appeal from the Metro politan of Servia to the Pope of Rome, and call upon the Exarch himself to save the Bulgarian nationality of his Church by placing it under the juris diction of the Holy See. The process would involve no violent breach with the established usages of the Exarch ist Church. Bulgarian Uniates, scat tered in small groups, have been in existence since 1862, and their rite— a word which covers all the practices and customs of the Church—is indis tinguishable from that of the Ortho dox Bulgarians. As for the specifical ly Roman doctrines—the infallibility of the Pope and that old stumbling block to reunion, the Filioque clause in the Nicene Creed—these might prove insuperable objections in the case of theologians or of bigots, but the mass of Oriental believers are more concerned with outward forms than inner meanings, and it is quite conceivable that, under*the influence of strong excitement, they might sacrifice religious scruples to their national aspirations. AMERICAN HECTOR HONORED FATHE* CROZET APPOINTED PROCURATOR GENERAL OF MIS SIONARIES OF LA SALETTE. Rev. Father Celestine Crozet, M. S., rector of the Church of St. Joseph, Fitchburg, Mass., has been appointed Procurator General of the Mission aries of La Salette. The provincial house of the Mis sionary Fathers of La Salette is situ ated at Hartford, Conn. The congre gation has charge of eight parishes. THE FOUNDER AND EDITOR OF THE "IRISH WORLD," SERVED HIS ADOPTED COUNTRY AS WELL AS THE' LAND Of* HIS BIRTH.- As we were about to go to press last week, dispatches from the East brought the news of the death of Patrick A. Ford, founder and editor of the "Irish World" of New York. His death occurred after an illness of four days of pneumonia. He was born in Galway, Ireland, on April 12, 1837, and at the age of nine emigrated to America with his parents and settled in Boston. He obtained employment in the printing office of William Lloyd Garrison, at that time editor and publisher of "The Liberator." In 1855 he began his journalistic career by writing for the Boston newspapers. In 1860 he was the editor and pub lisher of the Boston Sunday Times. When the war came Mr. Ford en listed in the Ninth Massachusetts. He took part in the desperate charge at Fredericksburg. After the civil war he removed to Charleston, S. C., where he founded the Charleston Gazette. Four years later he issued in New York the first copy of the Irish World, with which his name was to be identified for the next forty-three years. When the Land League came into existence in 1879 he founded 2,500 branches of it in the United States. Through the Irish World he collected and forwarded to the treasur of the Land League in Ireland almost half a million dollars. He is survived by twelve children. Mrs. Ford died eighteen years ago. CHyiIABLE_BEI]UESTS SEVERAL CATHOLIC INSTITU TIONS REMEMBERED IN WILL OF MR. PERKS OF MAINE. The $40,000 estate of Charles E. Perks, of Houlton, Maine, who died last month, will be apportioned among several Catholic institutions in Maine and New Hampshire. St. Dunston's parish of Fredericton, N. B., will receive $4,000 Fredericton Hospital, $1,000 St. Vincent de Paul's of Fredericton, $2,000 Misericodia Home, of St. John, $1,000 St. Mary's Convent, Houlton, $3,000, and the Ecclesiastical students' fund of the Catholic diocese of Portland, $1,000. The remainder will be divided be tween St. Mary's Church, of Houlton and St. Dunston's parish of Frederic ton* which are made residuary lega tees. GENERAL MEAGHER'S SWORD WILL BE PRESENTED TO NOTRE DAME UNIVERSITY BY HIS NEPHEW. The sword of General Thomas Fran cis Meagher, commander of the fa mous Irish Brigade renowned for its gallant service during the Civil War, is to be presented to Notre Dame by Senator Clark, of Montana, a nephew of the General. It was General Meagher, who in 1861, organized the Sixty-ninth New York Infantry which took part in most of the decisive battles of the war and made for itself a name that will re main forever on the pages of the story of that great struggle. It is only natural that Notre Dame University should be the last resting place of this famous soldier's sword, for the torn and tattered flag of the brigade has been a cherished treasure there for years, and Father Corby, aft er which one of the halls of Notre Dame is named, was the chaplain. There is a beautiful painting at the university depicting Father Corby giv ing general absolution to the soldiers under him at the Battle of Gettysburg. CATHOLIC ARTIST HONORED FRANK DUVENECK, OF CINCIN NATI, WILL EXHIBIT HIS WORK AT THE PANAMA EXPOSITION. Frank Duveneck, Dean of the Cin cinnati Art Academy, will receive a unique distinction at the art exhibit of the Panama Exposition to be held at San Francisco in 1915. Director Trask, of the Fine Arts Department of the Exposition, has officially re quested Mr. Duveneck to assist in ar ranging for an exhibition of his work, to occupy an entire gallery at the Ex position, as representing the be ginning as well as some of the best products of the present American school of painting. One of Mr. Duveneck's most recent works is the beautiful three panel mural painting, which adorns the Chapel of the Blessed Sacrament in the new St. Mary Cathedral, Coving ton. The central panel is an inspir ing picture of the Crucifixion to the left is represented the sacrifice of the New Law, a bishop holding aloft a monstrance with the Blessed Sacra ment to the right is a High Priest offering the sacrifice of the Old Law. It is Mr. Duveneck's gift to the Ca thedral. deith IF PITIIEI FHIIBISHOP- STOPS HOLY NAME PARADE BISHOP CANEVIN OF PITTSBURGH ASKS THAT THE LOCAL PARADE OF THE HOLY NAME SOCIETY BE OMITTED THIS YEAR LEST IT AROUSE SECTARIAN BIG OTRY. For some years past an annual parade of the Holy Name Society has taken place in Pittsburgh during the month of October. On these occasions more than 30,000 men belonging to the different Holy Name Societies marched through the principal ^treets on their way to the Cathedral where the ceremonies of the day came to a close with Benediction of the Blessed Sacrament. These parades have been marked by quietude and solemnity. There has been no sound of stirring music to enthuse the marchers. In their ranks prelates and priests, pro fessional men and artisans have walked side by side under the Stars and Stripes and the banners of the different societies. Notwithstanding the orderly man ner in which these processions were conducted, and the edification they gave to all that witnessed them, they have been the means of arousing sec tarian bigotry in some quarters. Realizing this and fearing that a repetition of the Holy Name parade this year would still further accentu ate the spirit of intolerance which is so rampant in Pittsburgh, the Right Reverend Bishop Canevin sent a letter to the Holy Name Societies of that city asking them to abandon the usual parade, the purpose of which has been misconstrued by many non-Catholics. The Bishop's letter is as follows: "To the Holy Name Societies of the Diocese of Pittsburgh: "It is well known that the American people are now passing through one of the most trying periods of preju dice and intolerance that rise and spread over this country every 10 or 15 years, like an epidemic of anti Catholic frenzy. "That a bigotry so unfounded, so unjustifiable, so virulent and so dis graceful, can be called forth period ically in the United States and suc ceed in blinding the judgment of in telligent men end destroying all feel ings of good will and brotherly love in their hearts, is the strangest, as it is the most shatneful fact in American history. "The large majority of the Ameri can people who are separated from us in belief are honorable, trustworthy, fair-jninded and just. They would not do their neighbor a wrong, even in thought, but there does exist in our midst a malicious and treacherous faction of fanatics and unprincipled demagogues, who are seeking to wage religious and political war against their Catholic fellow-citizens by meth ods wholly un-American and destruc tive of the principles and traditions of our free institutions. "In these days of excited bigotry, when the entire Catholic Church is condemned and execrated for the crimes and scandals of a few degen erate members, a criterion by which no other society is judged when there is a market and a demand for fabrications no matter how absurd, and calumnies, no matter how gross, against Catholics when political in terests and ambitions are to be served by appeals to bigotry con PSALM XXVIII AFFERTE DOMINO. An Invitation to Glorify God, With a Commemoration of His Mighty Works. (Written for The Catholic Bulletin by Helen Hughes Hielscher.) Bring the Lord thy God, O children, Offerings worthy of His name, In His holy court adore Him, Bring Him honor, praise and flume. Lo! His voice is on the water, Thundering o'er the ocean wide, In its power it breaks the .cedars On Libanus woody side. Lo! His voice divides the fire flame, Thrills through Cades' waste of sands, Starts the timid deer in terror, Pierces through the desert landi. All shall worship in His temple, He shall hold the floods in plaee, And shall reign our King forever, And give strength unto our race. PBEMIER_OF BAVABIA A STAUNCH CATHOLIC WHO DE SERVES WELL OF HIS COUNTRY —A LEADER OF THE CENTRUM EMINENT IN SCIENCE AND LET TERS. Congratulations from all parts of the world poured in on Freiherr von Hartling, premier of Bavaria and leader of the centrum, who celebrated his seventieth birthday last month. He deserves well, not only of Cath Number 40 siderations of charity, or truth, or justice, or peace, do not restrain the malignity of distempered zealots and anti-Catholic politicians in their ef forts to incite intolerance, injure others in their civil and religious rights, and destroy the peace and con fidence which fellow-citizens and neighbors ought to cherish toward one another. "Because, at a time like this, spe cial prudence and caution should guide every word and action of Catho lics, I feel it my duty to request our Holy Name societies to omit their public procession which was to take place next month and I recommend that, instead of the procession, appro priate church services be held for the societies during October or No vember. "While we may have no fears of provocation or disorder, it is better to avoid anything that might tend to arouse hostility or increase prejudice in a community where, but recently, the public villification and malevolent denunciation of Catholics and their religion were openly planned, ap proved and applauded by men and women who call themselves Chris tians. "The annual procession is an in spiring and edifying spectacle, but it is not by any means the chief purpose of Holy Name societies. They have for their end the fortifying of their members in the love of God and their neighbor, by prayer, by the sacra ments, by the power of mutual kind ness and edification, and by the imita tion of Christ in daily life. To these things the procession is, indeed, a help. It is a solemn avowal of belief in God, of readiness to obey His law, or reverence of His Holy Name of faith in the divinity of Jesus Christ, and of loyalty to Him and to our country! But when the procession might be regarded as an ostentatious display of numerical strength to chal lenge the intolerant and evil-minded, or viewed, or misrepresented, as a disguised political demonstration, then Christian charity and prudence coun sel us to pause and rather forego our intentions and plans of this year, than exasperate still more minds al ready excited and unbalanced by the fervor of anti-Catholic prejudice and rancor. "Let us-follow after the things that are of peace, and keep the things that are of edification, one toward another. HJ. REGIS CANEVIN, "Bishop of Pittsburgh." A somewhat similar state of affairs existed in Philadelphia. As soon as it became known that the Holy Name societies intended to have their annual procession last Sunday, an effort was made to prevent the Director of the Department of Public Safety from issuing a "permit" on the ground that it was against the city ordinances to allow bands in connection with re ligious parades in the streets on Sun day. The protest was sustained by representatives of the Federation of Protestant Churches, of the Associated Sunday School and other religious or ganizations. The question was sub mitted to City Solicitor Ryan who de clared that there was no law for bidding a parade with music on Sun day, and the Mayor accepted this judg ment as final. The Holy Name so cieties had determined to march with out bands if necessary. The parade took place last Sunday and was an imposing demonstration. olics, but of the empire, for in addition to his many services to Church and State, he has become emi nent in letters and in science as well as politics. The son of an old Ba varian house, he was born in Darm stadt in 1843. During his student days he brought his strong living faith into the foundation of the students' corps, and it is not generally known that the stirring song of Catholic students throughout the empire: "Den Gruss lasst erschallen, zum ewigen Rom," "Let us salute Eternal Rome," was composed by him. Despite his bril liant capacities it was long years be fore his academical career was signal ized by a professorship in Munich. Meanwhile, however, he had com menced his great work for Catholio science, the founding of the Gorres gesellschaft, of which he is still presi dent. As scientist he has thus shown how a little science leads away from God, while a thorough science recon ciles with religion. He has written many works. His parliamentary life began in 1875 and, like every strong man, he has met with enemies and opposition, but all these he has conquered, and now, to use his own words of another, "A Catholic learned man who remains faithful to his Church is worth a dozen books for the defense of the faith," and this leader of the centrum undoubtdly is. cmoim zooms There are still in Canada some fifty survivors of the little army which, went to defend Pope Pius IX in Rome. On the occasion recently of the jubilee of Archbishop Begin of Quebec, twa V of these veterans received from the venerable jubilarian the decoration o€ St. Gregory the Great, obtained for* them by the Archbishop on his las%, i visit to the Holy Father.