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In this year of grace, 1915, Ash Wednesday, the first day of Lent, will be the 17th day of February. All the faithful, unless legimately excused or dispensed, are bound to conscience, uuder the penalty ot' griev ous sin, to observe the Lenten regu lations. The Lenten Fast. All the days of Lent, the Sundays fcxcopted, are days of fast. The precept of fasting restricts the Use of food to one meal towards the middle of the day, and a collation in the evening not exceeding the fourth part of an ordinary meal—custom, however, authorizing the taking in the morning of a cup of coffee, tea or chocolate, with small piece of bread. Theologians allow for the collation food to the amount of eight amices. The solid food taken in the. xnorning should not exceed two ounces. When the meal or principal repast cannot be taken without serious in convenience towards the middle of the day, the order of repasts may be Veversed, the meal or principal repast being taken in the evening, and the collation at an earlier hour. The Lenten Abstinence. The use of fish meat is allowed at all meals on Sundays, and at the principal meal on Mondays, Tuesdays, Thursdays and Saturdays, except the Saturday of Ember Week (Fob. 27LU) and tho Saturday of Holy Week (April yrd.) The use of flesh meat is forbidden on Wednesdays, Fridays, the Satur day of Ember Week and the Saturday of Holy Week on the other days, outside of Sundays, it is forbidden at all repasts, except the one meal, or principal repast. The use of lard, however, is permit ted at all times in the preparation of food. Both fish and flesh meat cannot be taken at the ^ime^ieal even on Sundays. Persons legitimately excused or dis pensed from the precept of fasting may use llesli meat at all meals on whatever day there is general per mission to use it at the principal re past. Exemptions from the Precepts of Fast and Abstinence. I From the precept of fasting are excused: Those under the age of twenty-one years or over the age of sixty the infirm and the convales cent women bearing or nursing chil dren those engaged in hard labor or other duties exhaustive of physical strength those who from poverty are unable to procure for the principal repast a sufficiency of nutritive food. From the precept of abstinence from flesh meats are excused: The young under the age of seven years the sick those who are so situated as not to be able to procure for them selves abstinence food. Special Exemption for "Working People." In virtue of the authority conceded to Bishops in the United States by a recent Pontifical Indult, permission is granted the "working people" to use meat on all days of Lent, with the exception of Fridays, Ash Wednesday, the Wednesday and Saturday of Holy Week. This dispensation from abstinence extends to all three repasts in the day. The usual prohibition Remains against using flesh meat and fish at the same meal. Where the wage-earner, in virtue of the Indult, uses meat, all the members of the household may likewise use it The Church does not wish to impose upon the household the inconvenience of double cooking. lUit in cases of this kind, those members of the house hold who may be bound by the pre cept of fasting are allowed the use of meat only at the principal repast. The Sovereign Pontiff exhorts all who may make use of the privileges of the indult to be still mindful of their duty to practicc self-denial, and he counsels that instead of the absti nence from meat some other sacrifice of bodily comfort be practiced, the Sovereign Pontiff himself suggesting as much sacrifice abstinence from intoxicating drinks. Days of Fast and Abstinence Outside the Lenten Season. Other days of fast and abstinence occurring during the year are the Ember days and the Vigils of certain festivals. The Ember days are: Wednesday, Friday and Saturday, Feb 24th, 2Gth and 27th 9 LENTEN REGULATIONS OF THE ARCHDIOCESE OF ST. PAUL FOR THE YEAR 1915 Wednesday, Fri day and Saturday, May 26th. 28th and 29th Wednesday, Friday and Satur day. September 15th, 17th and 18th: Wednesday, Friday and Saturday, December -15th. 17th and 18th. The Vigils are: The Vigils of Pentecost May 22nd that of the Assumption August 14th that of AH Saints October 31st and that of Christmas December 24th. All Fridays are, of course, days of Abstinence. The abstinence which formerly was obligatory on Saturdays has been dispensed with by Apostolic favor to the faithful of the United States. The Pontifical Indult, of which we have spoken, exempts "working peo ple" from the abstinence on Vigils and Ember days, except when such Vigils and Ember days fall on Friday. Pastors will make to their flocks, in the usual terms, due announce ments of approaching Ember days and Vigils, adding to such announce ments a statement of the privileges given by the Indult to "working peo ple." General Remarks. When ft doubt exists as to whether one's condition or circumstances allow exemption from the precepts of fast ing and abstinence, counsel should be asked from confessors or pastors, who are the authoritative interpreters of the law, and who even are em powered in special cases, for good and sufficient reasons, indicated or suggested in Catholic theology, to commute the precepts of fasting and abstinence to other penitential works. In enjoining upon the faithful the precepts of fast and abstinence, Holy Church is mindful of the evangelical law of self-denial, of which the Saviour and His Apostles were, by example and by word, most eminent teachers. Without self-denial there is no Christianity. Indeed, without self denial there is no natural morality. The man who has not acquired by habit the power of self-restraint will not be victorious over sin amid the storms and temptations of life which all are compelled to encounter. The observance of the fasts and abstinences prescribed by the .Church is taken as a public and fearless pro fession of Catholic faith. He who, without sufficient or obvious reasons, eats meat or takes his usual meals when abstinence or fast is enjoined, becomes an occasion of scandal, and is not accepted as a practical Catholic. Ix Catholics, therefore, have the couragc of self-denial for the sake of Christ and of their own souls, and be on their guard lest by their acts scandal be given, and the fair name of their religion be dishonored. During Lent pastors will hold special exercises of devotion in their several churches at appointed times. Instructions of a practical character upon the Christian duties, the nature of the sacraments and the preparation for their reception, shouFd be given on those occasions. The devotion of the Way of the Cross will be observed, if at all pos sible, in all churches and chapels on the Friday evenings throughout Lent. JOHN IRELAND, Archbishop of St. Paul, Whatever collection is taken up in churches on Good Friday is, as usual according to a letter of the Holy Father, to be applied in aid of the mis sions of Palestine. St. Paul, February 10,1915. LEIOEB IIJKIU WORK FRANZ BRANDTS, HEAD OF THE VOLKSVEREIN, WAS A PIONEER IN SOCIAL WORK IN GERMANY. By the recent death of Franz Brandts at Muenclien-Gladbach in Ger many, Catholics have lost one of their most successful social workers, a pio neer and pathfinder for the present eneration. Outside of Germany his work is better known than his name. There is no one familiar with Catholic social organizations who has not heard of the great Volksverein with its al most S00.000 members. Comparatively few, however, may know of the im portant part played in its foundation and development by this Catholic leader who was placed at its head, with Windthorst as honorary presi dent. and who remained its constant director. Its program of social instruction, its activity in every field of social service, its unequalled literary productiveness have long been the admiration of friend and foe. Socialists themselves, against whom the influence of the great Catholic organization was always directed, have accorded to it their highest tribute of praise for its thor oughness and efficiency. While still a young man Franz Brandts had foreseen the course which social and economic development must take, and had rightly measured the dangers of that radicalism which was then gaining ground. He therefore prepared himself to meet successfully the issues of the future and remained to the end of his long and fruitful life a guide and inspiration for the fellow-workers who had been trained under his leadership. His name, like wise, is inseparably connected with the enterprising Catholic working men's movement known as the "Ar beiterwohl." It was largely due to the labors and devotedness of Franz Brandts that the great Catholic social ideals «f.^Windthorst were so conn pletely realized in Germany.^ PIONEER PRIEST DEAD FATHER SMITH OF OMAHA, NEBR., LABORED IN THE DIOCESE FOR THIRTY-EIGHT YEARS —TWEN TY YEARS PASTOR OF ST. PAT RICK'S CHURCH. The Rev. John T. Smith, pastor of St. Patrick's Church, Omaha, Nebr., died last week after a brief illness. His funeral took place from St. Pat rick's Church in presence of the Right Reverend Bishop Scannell who gave the last absolution. Father Smith was born in County Cavan, Ireland, February 2, 1850. At an early age he came to America with his parents and settled in Connecticut. He made his studies for the priest hood in the Grand Seminary, Montreal, and at St. Bonaventure's Seminary, Alleghany, N. Y., and was ordained by Bishop Ryan of Buffalo, June 24, 1887, for the Vicariate of Nebraska. His first appointment was to O'Neill where he remained until 1886, when he was transferred to Cheyenne, Wyo., as pas tor of St. Mary's of the Plains. After two years he was appointed to the pastorate of Hubbard, Nebr., and in 1S90, took charge of the Sacred Heart parish, Omaha. Five years later he was appointed pastor of St. Patrick's Church where he remained until his death. During his pastorate the debt on the old edifice was paid off and the new church, costing about $40,000, was erected and dedicated on May 21, 1911. He was one of the six diocesan consultors and a member of the Board of Examiners. il CARDINAL FARLEY DESIGNATES CHURCH AND CHAPLAIN FOR MEMBERS. Cardinal Farley met representatives of the Catholic Actors' Guild in the hall of Cathedral College on February 1, and formally designated a church for them to attend and named a chap lain for them. The church is St. MalaChy in West Forty-ninth street and the chaplain is its rector, the Rev. J. F. Delany. The actors had applied to the Car dinal for a Mass on Sunday mornings at 1:30. The Cardinal told them that it was beyond his power to grant it, but that if the need appeared, it would give him pleasure to apply to the proper authority and to have the Mass granted. The Rev. John Talbot Smith presided. The guild now has a mem bership of about o50. The president is Emmet T. Corrigan. NIM5ML MIWS SOI AT +HE HEAD OF HIS REGIMENT FALLS IN ACTION. Among those who have been killed in the war is Colonel Patrick de Mac Mahon, the eldest son of the late Mar shal MacMahon, who was created Duke of Magenta in 1859 for turning the stubborn fight at Magenta into a brilliant French victory. He after wards commanded the French army which was defeated at Woerth in 1870, reorganized it at Chalons-sur-Marne, and was ordered by the Paris Regency to relieve Marshal Bazaine at Metz, via Sedan, where he was wounded and defeated. The late Colonel MacMahon was killed in Lorraine at the head of his regiment, the Thirty-fifth Infantry of the line. He was married to one of the Orleans princesses, Marie, daughter of the Duke of Chartres, uncle of the Duke of Orleans. Deceased was fifty-nine years of age and was due early for promotion to general of brigade. He leaves two daughters and a son, who now becomes the third Duke of Magenta. FATHER HURTER DEAD AUTHOR OF TEXT-BOOK ON DOG MA TAUGHT 56 YEARS IN INNSBRUCK. The recent death att Innsbruck, ©f Father Hugo von Hurter, S. J., comes home with personal sorrow to all who thumbed his "Compendium Theologiae Dogmaticae" in the Seminary. He taught to the very end. iirAi being over fifty-six years professor of theology. He was born at Schaffhausen in Switzerland, in 1832. His father was the famous historian, Frederick Em manuel von Hurter. a Protestant min ister. noted for his defence of Chris tianity, who came into the Church. His two sons, Henry and Hugo, were ordained priests and became authors of note. Hugo completed a brilliant course of philosophy and theology at the Gregorian University, and' was ordained to the priesthood in 1855. Two years later he entered the Jesuit novitiate of the Austro-Hungarian Province. On November 4, 1857. the theological faculty of the University of Innsbruck was established and he became professor of theology, a posi tion which he filled to the end. ST. PAUL, MINN., FEBRUARY 13, 1915. CATHOLIC WOMEN OF MINNE APOLIS WILL GIVE MUSICAL PROGRAM IN DONALDSON'S TEA ROOMS NEXT MONDAY. TheCatholic wompn of Minneapolis will give a card and musical social in Donaldson's tea' rooms Monday evening, February lj, for the benefit of the suffering Belgians. Many of the women have been doing their share toward Belgian relief individu ally as well as in the several civic and social organizations which have taken up this work, but their zeal has outrun these agencies and they have organ ized in the various parishes of the city for one big united effort of Catholic charity. Tickets for the social are be ing sold at $1.00 and the sale all over the city has been quite large. In addi tion to the proceeds from the sale of the tickets, bolts of cloth have been donated to the cause as prizes. These will afterwards be matle into garments by the women, and sent to the war ridden Belgians. L. ,J5. Donaldson has given the free use Of the tea rooms for the afternoon. The exercises will begin at half past two o'clock Mon day afternoon and will consist of card games and a musical program. Mrs. L. S. Donaldson is president of the general committee in charge of the work. Mrs. James L. McNall is secretary, and Mrs. W. P. Devereaux, treasurer. Miss Ely, Simms is chair man of the reception committee and Mrs. H. Sanders, of the press com mittee. The musical program is in charge of Mrs. A. H. Sanders assisted by Mis. Liudley N. Butler. The fol lowing parishes of Minneapolis are represented by parish chairman: the Pro-Cathedral parish, by Mrs. W. J. Moorehead St. Stephen's, Mrs. Grace Gunn Ascension, Mrs. G. Barry In carnation, Mrs. VV. S. Daggett Iloly Rosary, Mrs. J. M. Gleason St. Clem ent's, Mrs. John Gormlcy: St. Helen's, Mrs. A. H. Hanson St. Thomas, Mrs. C. M. Bracelin St. Elizabeth's, Mrs. D. J. Wintheiser, St. Anthony's, Mrs. George V. Zeimer Sacred Heart, Mrs. Thomas Girling. These women rcpn'-t the most en couraging success, tfrqyighout the city and are meeting with hearty co-oper ation of all people. The announce ment of the social was made in the various churches last Sunday and the pastors are doing all in their power to aid the women in this worthy charity. HONORED JIHHE POPE DR. MEEHAN OF ST. BERNARD'S SEMINARY, ROCHESTER, MADE A DOMESTIC PRELATE. The title of Monsignor lias been conferred by Pope Benedict upon Rev. Andrew B. Meelian, professor at St. Bernard's Seminary, Rochester, N. Y., who has been associated with the Diocese of Rochester since his ordina tion in 1892. He is the author-of a treatise on Canon Law which is used as a text-book. Mgr. Meehan was born at Scottsville in 1867 and made his early studies in St. Andrew's preparatory seminary, from which he was sent to the Ameri can College, Rome, where he com pleted his studies for the priesthood and received the degree of Doctor of Divinity from the Propaganda. Re turning to America, Dr. Meehan at once took up his work in St. Bernard's Seminary, where he has since labored with such signal success. FOB BELCIIH RELIEF FIRST CITHBIIC JUBCE WAS PASTOR OF ST. PATRICK'S CHURCH, MILWAUKEE. FOR THIRTY-FOUR YEARS—A CON VERT TO THE CHURCH. The funeral of the Very Reverend Hiram F. Fairbanks took place from the Church of St. Patrick, Milwaukee, Wis., of which he was pastor for thir ty-four years, on Monday, February 1. The Solemn Requiem Mass was cele brated by Mgr. Rainer and the Most Reverend Archbishop Messmer preach ed the sermon. Father Fairbanks was born at Leon, N. Y., May 25, 1845, the son of a Prot estant minister. He was received into the Church in March, 1863, and ordained on January 29,1868. He was appointed Rector of the Church of St. Patrick, Milwaukee, in 1881. He trav elled extensively in the old world and wrote a book on his visit to Europe and the Holy Land. He was a kins man of former Vice President Fair banks and could trace his lineage back to Henry Adams, an ancestor of John Adams and John Quiney Adams. In his will he disposed of an estate valued at $25,000. He left $2,000 to St. Patrick's Church, the income of which is to provide free text books for the school children, and $200 for a parish library: $2,000 to the Sisters of Mercy: $1,000 for the benefit of de serving students of St. Francis Sem inary $1,000 to the Association of the Holy Childhood, Pittsburgh, and minor bequests to several other institutions. 11?1 "imli JUDGE DE COURCEY, NOT JUDGE CARROLL, WAS FIRST CATHO LIC MEMBER OF THE SUPREME COURT OF MASSACHUSETTS. A writer irt the Sacred Heart Re view of Cambridge, Mass., calls atten tion to the fact that the first Catho lic Judge of the Supreme Court of that state was not Justice Carroll who was appointed recently by Governor Walsh but Justice Charles A. De Cour cey, a graduate of Georgetown Univer sity who has served for three years on the Supreme Bench. In this connection the Sacred Heart Review calls attention to the address delivered recently by Governor Walsh in New York wherein he dwelt on the fact that only four years ago, although the population of Massachusetts is from forty-five to fifty per cent Catho lic, there was only one judge of the Catholic faith out of a total of fifty four judges. Matters at present stand somewhat better, the Governor said. Out of the seven Supreme Court judges two are Catholics—Judge De Courcey and Judge Carroll—appointed not because they were Catholics but because of their fitness for office—and of the twenty-eight trial court judges, seven are Catholics. POLISH PRIESTS' UNION CONGRATULATES PRESIDENT WILSON FOR VETOING LITER ACY TEST—NATIONAL CONVEN TION HELD IN BUFFALO, N. Y. During the recent convention of the Polish Priests' Union of America which met in Buffalo, N. Y., a tele gram was sent to President Wilson "on behalf of 1,000 of their fellow clergymen and 4,000,000 of their fellow countrymen" expressing sincere, ap preciaton and grateful acknowledg ment for the stand he had taken on the obnoxious literacy test clause of the Smith-Burnett immigration bill. The telegram was sent by the Right Reverend Bishop Rhode of Chicago, President, and L. Krakowski, Secre tary. The business meetings took place in the Hotel Statler where at the opening session an address was delivered by the Apostolic Delegate on the Poles in America. A number of papers were read during the con vention. One of the most notable events of the day was the approving of a bond issue of $60,000 for the benefit of St. Joseph's Home, New York. It was decided to assist in every way possible in obtaining funds for the benefit of destitute Poles in Eu rope and to support the Polish cen tral relief committee. The Alliance embraces sixteen groups of Polish Catholic priests in this country, representing a total mem bership of more than six hundred. MOHIISTERjr DIMIGED MONTE CASSINO SUFFERED FROM EARTHQUAKE LIBRARY CON TAINS PRICELESS TREASURES. The historic monastery of Monte Cassino, near Naples, Italy, where St. Benedict in 529 A. D., founded the re ligious order bearing his name, was extensively damaged by the recent earthquake. The library is almost at the point of collapse. In Emperor William's hall, so called from the visit paid by the Emperor of Germany to the Mon astery in 1904, there is a large fissure 200 feet long. The right wing of the building, almost detached, stands at the edge of an abyss into which it would be precipitated, should there he a recurrence of the shocks. In the library is a priceless codex of the Bible. The threatened right wing contains many objects associated with the early Christian era and with the Middle Ages. Government engineers will under take to restore the monastery. NEW ROMAN COLLEGE FOR EDUCATION OF PRIESTS TO CARE FOR ITALIAN EMIGRANTS. The new Roman College for priests who wish to devote themselves to the spiritual care of Italian emigrants will shortly be opened in the edifice until recently occupied by the Roman and Pian seminaries. Through Cardinal De Lai the Holy Father has made an appeal to all the Bishops of Italy to establish in every parish in their dio ceses an annual collection for the sup port of the new institute. Italian emi gration has been almost entirely stopped by the war, and by the crisis in America, but it is believed that when these obstacles are removed it will increase by leaps and bounds, and the establishment of the College will become more and more urgent. FAVORABLE ANSWERS GIVEN BY EUROPEAN RULERS TO POPE BENEDICT'S APPEAL FOR RE LEASE OF WAR PRISONERS UN FIT FOR FURTHER MILITARY SERVICE. The Holy Father has received the following replies to his appeal for the release of prisoners of war who are unfit for further military service. The first answer to reach the Vatican was that of King George, and the second that of the Emperor William. The King of England. To His Holiness, the Pope, Vatican, Rome: I am glad to thank Your Holiness for your telegram. It is with profound satisfaction that I and my Government ?.ve given the best welcome to Your Holiness' proposal, which has strength ened the one we have already sug gested to the German Government. A moment ago that Government has made known its consent, and I have confidence that agreement will be ef fected within some few days of the New Year. GEORGE R. I. London, January 1st, 1915. The German Emperor. To His Holiness, the Pope, Rome: In thanking you for your telegram it is grateful to me to assure Your Holiness that, your proposal tending to mitigate the lot of the prisoners in capable of continuing their military service meets with my entire sym pathy. The sentiments of Christian Charity which inspire this proposal correspond fully with my own con victions and wishes. WILLIAM. Berlin, January 1st, 1915. The Emperor of Austria and King of Hungary. To His Holiness, Pope Benedict XV, Rome: Profoundly touched by the senti ments of Christian charity which have inspired Your Holiness in your mag nanimous initiative to secure the ex change of prisoners of war recognized to be unfit for military service, 1 have already telegraphically charged my Ambassador to the Holy See to inform the Cardinal Secretary of State that my Government heartily accepts on general principles this generous idea and will hasten to b6gin negotiations with the hostile states with the ob ject of reaching the practical realiza tion of Your Holiness' proposal. Im ploring the Apostolic Blessing from Your Holiness, 1 am,. Your Holiness' most obedient son, FRANCIS JOSEPH. Vienna, January 1st, 1915. The Emperor of Russia. Congratulating Your Holiness on your generous initiative, I agree will ingly to your eminently humanitarian proposal for the exchange of the pris oners recognized to be unfit henceforth for military service. I profit by this occasion to renew to Your Holiness my sentiments of high esteem and sympathy. NICHOLAS. Zarkoie Selo, January 5th, 1915. MR. HURLEY OF DAVENPORT AP POINTED TO FEDERAL TRADE COMMISSION. Edward W. Hurley of Davenport, la., was named last week by Presi dent Wilson as a member of the new Federal Trade Commission recently established by Congress, which will investigate trade conditions, look in to tariff changes and make recommen dations to congress for needed legisla tion. Mr. Hurley is a prominent Knight of Columbus, president of the Hurley Machine Company and the Illinois Manufacturers' Association, a direc tor of the Chicago & Great Western railway, and of several other Illinois corporations. GIFT TO PJBE DIME EMINENT BOTANIST AND AUTHOR PRESENTS VALUABLE BOTANI CAL COLLECTION—WILL JOIN STAFF SOON. .. --I. Dr. Edward Lee Green, one of America's foremost botanists, has given his complete botanical library to the University of Notre Dame. It consists of 5,000 valumes and 200,000 plant specimens, one of the largest collections in the country. It contains many rare books and many rare plant specimens it will fill two box-cars and is valued at $35,000. The government held an option on the library, but this ran out in May. The Canadian gov ernment and also the Leland Stanford University wished to purchase this val uable collection, but Dr. Green deter mined to donate it to Notre'Dame. At the present time Dr. Green holds a position in the Smithsonian Insti tute, where he has been working for .-r MINNESOTA HISTORICAL SOCIETY. RULERS REPLY TO HOLY FATHER 5 Number 7 The King of Servia. To the Most Holy Father, Benedict XV, Rome: Let Your Holiness be persuaded that Servia will not fbil to do what the other belligerents will do in the ques tion of the exchange of the prisoners recognized to be henceforth unfit for militarv service: PETER. Nisch, January 1st, 1915. The King of Belgium. Cardinal Gasparri, Rome I appreciate highly the thought of Christian charity which inspires the message which has been addressed to me it corresponds with my own senti ments. I reserve the best welpome for the proposal which is to be made to me in the sense indicated. ALBERT. Belgian Headquarters, January 5tli, 1915. The President of the French Republic. To His Holiness, Pope Benedict XV, Rome: In reply to the benevolent proposal which Your Holiness has done me the honor to transmit to me by your tele gram, I hasten to give the assurance that France, faithful to its tradition^ of generosity, has always treated tho prisoners of war with humanity and that it is studying the means to ex change totally those who shall bo found definitely unfit for military service. POINCARt The King of Bavaria. Count llertling, Prime Minister and Minister for Foreign Affairs of the Kingdom of Bavaria, to Baron Vdf* Kilter, Minister of Bavaria to tho Holy Sec, January 1st, 1915: I beg to inform llis Eminence, tho Cardinal Secretary ot State, that the, Royal Government has received will* the warmest sympathy the proposal of the Sovereign Pontiff to exchange the prisoners who are no longer capable of bearing arms. VON HERTLING. The Emperor Of Turkey#- v To His Holiness, Pope BenediCtTXV, Rome: Appreciating highly the humanitar rian end, which has inspired Your Holiness' proposal concerning the ox change of prisoners recognized unfit for further military service, I am happy to give it my adhesion. MAIlOMfiJT y." Staniboui, 7 January, 1915. The Ottoman Government. The Ottoman Government to Monsig nor, the Delegate Apostle, January 1st: If there are prisoners wounded so as to be unfit, we accept exchange of prisoners with the necessary condition that the hostile Governments also con sent. The King of Montenegro. The King of Montenegro has also communicated, through the Archbish op of Antivari, his acceptance of the Holy Father's proposal for the release of incapacitated prisoners. the past five or six years. But as soon as he finishes his work there he will laks up his duties at Notre Dame to teach a post-graduate course and to pursue his work of research and the publishing of books. During the fifty years that he has been botanist he discovered many new specimens of plants. One of his books, "A History of Botany," in four volumes, is iu»w in the hands of publishers. A strong friendship has grown be tween Dr. Green and Father Nieuland, who holds the chair of botany at Notre Dame. Father Nieuland is the founder and editor of the Midland Naturalist. LORD MAYOR DEAD MR CLANCY, LORD MAYOR OF DUBLIN, WAS 74 YEARS OLD. John Joseph Clancy, who was ele&» ed Lord Mayor of Dublin on January. 23, died a week later at the age of 7 4. He was once imprisoned for Fenianism. lie was a stauch sup porter of Parnell and of John Red mond. i John Joseph Clancy was Nationalist member of parliament for North Dub lin county when he was elected Lord Mayor of Dublin. He had been assist* ant editor of the Nation, then editftr of the Irish Press Agency in Englahd and later a member of the editorial staff of the Irish Daily Independent. BISHOP WURD ILL OPERATED ON LAST WEEK—WILL RECOVER. The Right Reverend John Ward, Bishop of the Diocese of Leavenwoitfl, Kan., underwent a serious, though not dangerous, operation at Saint Margaret's Hospital on February 2, and speedy recovery is looked for.