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1 IECTURE BYJUOGE WILLIS HE DESCRIBES THE ORIGIN OF RELIGIOUS LIBERTY IN THE UNITED STATES BEFORE THE CARROLLTON CLUB—PAPER BY S A A E U S I A PROGRAM. At the regular monthly meeting of the Carroll ton Club, held in the Knights of Columbus auditorium last Tuesday e.vtfiing, the Hon. John W. Willie gave a very interesting address C/rt ''The Origin of Religious Liberty in the United States." After showing that no persecution or civil disability U\i account of religion was tolerated in the parts of the New World settled by the French and Spaniards, he de scribed the establishment of the first English colonies on the Eastern sea board in New England, Virginia and Maryland. The colonies in New Eng land at Plymouth and Massachusetts Way were founded by the Puritans. The Virginia colony was settled by members of the Church of England. In these colonies there was no re ligious toleration and Catholics were subjected to all sorts of persecution and civil disability because of their religion. In contrast to this he pointed out that religious liberty in the full sense of the word found its first home in the New World, if not in the entire world, in the Maryland Colony estab lished by George Calvert, Lord Balti more, a convert to the Church, and his Hon and successor who received their patents from King James the First. This colony was established in 1 The early records of its legislation have been lost, but in 1649 the laws then on the statute book allowed full est liberty of conscience to all and Maryland became the home of the op pressed. He then cited other facts to show that the Catholic Church has ever been the foremost advocate of religious liberty and never seeks to coerce the individual conscience into accepting any form of religious be lief. After the lecture, several ques tions were asked which brought out more fully the important, role v iic. the Church has played in safeguard ing religious liberty. In addition to the lecture, Mrs. P. J. Gallagher, formerly connected with the Immigration Bureau of New York, read a paper on "How the Alien Is Re ceived in New York," which proved very instructive to the large audience. Miss Margaret Masek furnished the musical program for the evening. The next meeting of the Carrollton Club will be held on the evening of March 11, and the principal address will be given by Albert W. White, Senior Professor of History at the Uni versity of Minnesota. His subject will be "Ireland and the Beginning of Mod ern Civilization." The meetings of the Carrollton Club are open to the public and all who desire to attend may do so without the payment of any mem bership fee. SERBIA iO THE IIITIIl KING PETER APPOINTS MINISTER TO THE HOLY SEE. In fulfillment of the Concordat con cluded last year between the Holy See and Serbia, the Government of King Peter has appointed as Minister to the Vatican Michael Gravilovic, who is at present Serbian Minister to Montenegro, and who has an inter national reputation for historical writ ings. In reality, the appointment of a diplomatic representative does not form one of the conditions of the Con cordat, but as that act provides for the settlement of controverted ques tions by amicable arrangement be tween the Holy See and the Serbian Government, the presence of a Ser bian Minister at the Vatican is a dis tinct advantage to both parties to it. His appointment furnishes an addi tional example of the importance which the Powers of Europe attribute to the moderating influence of the Holy See in the world, and the as sistance it may render them towards tho maintenance of peace in the fu ture. Besides, such representation preserves internal harmony between the government and the Catholics in the countries represented. NEW IELGII! ESVOT M. VANDEN HEUVEL SUCCEEDS BARON D'ERP AT THE VATICAN. It is explained semiofficially in Vatican circles that the resignation of Baron D'Erp, the Belgian minister accredited to the Holy See. should not be interpreted as evidence of a lack of cordiality between the Church and the Belgian government. Mgr. Tacci, the Papal Nuncio to Belgium, is re maining at his post, while Belgium is sending to Rome to take the place of Baron D'Erp, M. Vanden Heuvel, a well known statesman who is persona grata to the Papacy. Diocese of St. Paul: Beloved Brethren: The annual collection for Home and Foreign Missions will be taken up in the churches of the Diocese of St. Paul on the third Sunday of Lent, March 7th. The collection of last year amounted to the sum of $4,489.44. This sum was given over to the Society of the Propa gation of the Faith in Paris and the Negro and Indian Missions in the United States—a small part going to impoverished parishes in the Diocese of St. Paul itself. In view of the present direful situa tion of the missions in foreign lands— mostly heathen—it is proposed that, this year, in the distribution of the pro ceeds of the collection, the Society of the Propagation of the Faith, upon which depends the maintenance of those missions, shall be the main bene ficiary—the whole surplus over the sums usually given to other purposes, going to this Society. Wars in Europe have made nearly penniless the Society of the Propaga tion of the Faith. Countries, hereto fore its chief support, are themselves reduced to piteous misery and can do nothing to replenish its treasury. The consequence is that today the most serious problem confronts the Missions of the Church in heathen lands—one of life or death. Today, in Asia and Africa, in the Islands of Oceanica, thousands of missionaries are on the verge of starvation thousands of mis sionary stations, schools and asylums, are in deplorable penury. The most distressing appeals, we are told, are reaching the offices of the Society of the Propagation of the Faith, hitherto the sure-refuge of the Catholic aposto late'.1* "Sgence, however, in its. present situation, no relief is to be had. The Catholic Church must not allow the pall of death to spread over its missions to heathen lands. Those missions are its glory, the evidence of its divinely-given universality. Some where and somehow the remedy to menacing misfortune must be found. Catholics in Europe can do nothing: Catholics in large-hearted America will be the saviour of the Church in its missionary work. In America we are blest. No war shatters our cities or desolates our plains. Our harvests are plentiful: our industries thrive. Wars in other lands bring us even greater prosper ity, than might otherwise have been ours. Let us show our gratitude to Almighty God by returning to Him, in service to charity and religion, a generous portion of the gifts with which His bounty has endowed us. Shall we say—We have burthens 0f our own—missionaries of our own to support, churches to build, works of religion and charity to uphold? True this may be: true it is. But shall we see only ourselves and our limited confines, when elsewhere the Church WHAT THE LEAGUE OF CATHOLIC ANNUAL COLLECTION FOR HOME AND FOREIGN MISSIONS SPECIAL APPEAL IN BEHALF OF THE SOCIETY OF THE PROPA GATION OF THE FAITH. To the Clergy and the Laity of the WOMEN IS DOING FOR THE SYRIAN AND ITALIAN CHILDREN —KINDERGAR TEN—SEWING CLASSES—NEIGHBORHOOD VIS ITING—SOCIAL WORK—A DE SERVING CHARITY. (Written for The Catholic Bulletin by Rev. E. F. Casey.) A visit to the little flame building at the rear of the Italian Cliurch, 625 Main Street, Northeast, Minneapolis, is well worth while to any one inter ested in the care and training of the city's poorer children. It is here that the Minneapolis League of Catholic Women is engaged in settlement work among the Syrian families of the neighborhood. The quarters have be come too small for the number of children who attend the kindergarten, the sewing classes, the gymnasium, millinery and choral classes. In charge of the work is Mrs. G. C. Barry, gradually their disposal permitted. Baron D'Erp is advanced in years and it is felt that more could be accomplished in this post by a younger statesman. as sisted by a committee of nine Catholic women of the city. For two years the work has been steadily progress ing while the women have enlarged its scope as tho funds at The Kindergarten. The directress of the kindergarten is Miss Otilla Ackerson. She is as sisted by three teachers from the Min neapolis kindergarten training class. Every morning from nine to twelve the little tots, aged from three to six years, gather in their class rooms for systematic work and play and prayer. There are more than eighty of them this year, mostly Syrians, with sev eral Polish and a few German chil of God is in suffering? When extra ordinary needs arise, shall we be in capable of extraordinary sacrifice? The foreign missions of the Church :nust be safeguarded: unless we do Dur part, they will perish. What else shall we say, but that our part will be done—done cheerfully and generous ly? Nor must we forget that help from the Catholics of America to the So ciety of the Propagation of the Faith is not only an act of religion and of charity: it is, too, an act of strict jus tice. In the early days of its history, when its children were few and poor, the Church in America received mun ficent contributions from the Society of the Propagation of the Faith. It was indebted to that Society for its life, for the foundations of the pros perity which later came to it. In deed, the fact is not to be overlooked that the Society was first established in the City of Lyons, under the sug gestion of the Bishop of New Orleans, with the express purpose of lending assistance to missions in the United States of America. Year by year it was most liberal to those missions— its gifts reaching into the millions. Our own Diocese of St. Paul was its beneficiary to the amount of tens of thousands of dollars. The Society of the Propagation of the Faith support ed our early priests, maintained their missions among Indians and pioneer colonists: it assisted in building in St. Paul the Cathedral to which lately we hade farewell—three-fourths of the cost of this Cathedral being derived from the gifts of the Society. So far, our debt to the Society of the Propagation of the Faith has been repaid only in small part. Let us be more just towards it. The present day is the opportune time to remem ber its favors. The Society is in sor est straits: countries, its long-time friends and benefactors, are devasta- l.ed by wars. Unless other countries —notably the United States of Amer ca—come to its assistance, its great md holy, work, the missions of the Church in heathen lands, is doomed to suffering, if not to death. This letter will be read at the sev eral Masses in the churches of the Diocese of St. Paul, on the Second Sunday of Lent, February 28th and on the following Sunday, the Third Sunday of Lent, March 7th, the col lection will be taken up, as hereby prescribed—the proceeds to be sent without unnecessary delay to the Dio cesan Chancery Office. Tho total sum collected on this Third Sunday of Lent will be remitted to the Chancery office—no deductions for ordinary parish expenditures be ing allowed. I pray the Almighty God to bless the priests ai\d the laity of the Dio cese of St. Paul. JOHN IRELAND, Archbishop of St. Paul. St. Paul, February 25th, 1915. A detailed report of the collection for the Home and Foreign Missions in the parishes of the Diocese of St. Paul for the year 1914 is given on page 5. dren. On Saturday afternoon, Miss Tellish conducts a "story hour," be ginning at two o'clock. Instruction in gymnastics is given to a class of fifty girls on two afternoons in the week from four o'clock to five. A millinery class for the larger girls is held one evening of the week from seven o'clock to nine. A choral club also has been organized among the school girls and has its weekly hour for singing. Sewing Class. Perhaps the most useful and prac tical class of all is the sewing class in which a hundred young girls of the district are enrolled. These girls range in age from nine years to fifteen and are divided into two grades ac cording to age. Those from nine to eleven are taught the rudiments of needle work, while those from eleven to fifteen compose what is called the garment class. They are taught prac tical dress-making with a view to en abling them to make their own gar ments and aid their mothers in the family sewing and mending. The ear nestness and enthusiasm with which many of these young daughters of the poor pursue this work is delightful to one who realizes that this interest in their lives, while giving to them skill in one of the most useful of the house hold arts, preserves them from the vicious amusements about them and cultivates a taste for the wholesome, sober and useful things of life. Their eagerness, too, speaks much for the skill and sympathy of the volunteer teachers.—eleven young women who freely give their services every Satur day morning for three hours to this work. The progress made by the members of the sewing and other classes is of deepest interest to their mothers and in order to stimulate this interest Mrs (Continued on page 8.) liatfi li ulIcT: nJ ST. PAUL, MINN., FEBRUARY 27, 1915. MHIST F1IJBSIEHEIIED VERY REVEREND 0. RENAUDIER, S. M., PROVINCIAL TREASURER OF THE SOCIETY DIES AT THE MARIST COLLEGE, WASHING TON, D. C. The Very Reverend Onesimus Renau dier, S. M., Provincial Treasurer of the Society of Mary, commonly known as the Marists, died at the Provincial House and Scholasticate of the Socie ty, Brookland, near Washington, D. C., on February 20, in the seventy-eighth year of his age and the fifty-third of his religious profession. His funeral took place from the Marist College last Monday. Father Renaudierl was b9rn in France and came to tlie United States over fifty years ago. After his ordi nation he was pastor of a parish in Louisiana for twenty years. He was then transferred to San Francisco, where he built the Church of Notre Dame des Victoires. Later on he was appointed pastor of tl|e Marist Church in Boston, where lio? remained until about ten years ago when he became Provincial Treasurer of the Society. He bought the property near the Cath olic University, Washington, D. C., and erected the present Scholasticate and was active in the management of the affairs of the Society until the end. FATHER GANNON OF "THE TRUE VOICE," OMAHA, ASSUMES PAS TORATE OF ST. PATRICK'S CHURCH. The Ilev. Peter C. Gannon, editor of "The True Voice," Omaha, Nebr., has been appointed pastor of the Church of St. Patrick in that city in succes sion .o the late Father Smith. He will retain the editorship of "The True Voice" for the present at least. An associate editor has? been appointed in the person of Rev. 'P^X Moran. Father Gannon is a native of Grand Junction, la., where he was born in 1873. He gradautcd from Creighton University, Omaha, in 1S98, and en tered the St. Paul Seminary, where lie was ordained June 5, 1913. In the following September he was appointed editor of "The True Voice" and has succeeded in making it one of the best known Catholic papers in the West. GREEK MELGHITE CHURCH NEW CHURCH FOR SYRIANS BLESSED BY MGR. LAVELLE OF NEW YORK. A new chapel, the first of its kind in New York for the Catholic Syrian community of the Greek rite, known as the Melchites, was opened on Feb ruary 14. This community, in whose religious history the event marks a new era, has been established in lower Manhattan about twenty-five years, during whicli time its pastor, the Very Rev. Abraham Bechawatee, has been holding services in the base ment of St. Peter's Church, Barclay street. The new chapel occupies the upper floor of a business building located in the very heart of the Syrian colony. It is well lighted and roomy, measur ing twenty-two by seventy-five feet. \Vith the aid of generous contribu tions from many members of this community, and the help and assis tance of many American friends from among the Catholic clergy of New York, it has been made possible to have the chapel beautifully refitted, painted, decorated and very neatly and artistically furnished. The sanc tuary with« its beautiful Greek iconos tasis and altars is also appropriately fitted up. The chapel is dedicated to St. George, who is greatly venerated by the Christians of the East In the presence of a large con course of Syrians from New York and Brooklyn the new chapel was blessed by the Right Rev. Monsignor Lavelle, assisted by the Rev. Dr. Oussani, of St. Joseph's Seminary, and the Rev. Father Wakim, pastor of the Mar onites. Solemn Mass in the Greek Melchite rite was celebrated by the Very Rev. Father Abraham Bechewa tee, Economos and Archimandrite, ably assisted by six cantors. SMEMMRJ QUEBEC HON. P, LeBLANC SUCCEEDS THE LATE SIR F. LANGELIER. Hon. Pierre Evariste LeBlanc, K. C., of Montreal, former leader of the Conservative Party in Quebec, and ex Speaker of the Legislative Assembly, has been appointed Lieutenant-Gov ernor of that Province in succession to the late Sir Francois Langelier. A FEW NOTES ON THE POSITION ASSUMED BY EX-PRESIDENT ELIOT OF' HARVARD UNIVER- SITY. (Written for The Catholic Bulletin by Rev. C. F. McGinnis.) Among the many questions aroused by the present great upheaval in Eu rope that concerning the part played by Christianity seems to stand forth most conspicuously. We are told by a certain class of unbelievers and dis believers that the fact of the terrible war now raging beyond the Atlantic is incontestable proof that Christianity with all its boasted teachings on char ity and brotherly love, its leng his tory adown the ages, and its vaunted beliefs in universal brotherhood—that Christianity is a self-confessed and a dismal failure. Mr. Charles Eliot, for mer president of Harvard University, following along the lines laid down by himself some time ago for the regen eration and purification of Christian ity, seizes upon the present catas trophe as a triumphant argument of the truth of his contention. Christian ity has failed, for "the present holo caust has been planned deliberately with the utmost intelligence and fore sight, and is being carried on with terrible efficiency by the nation which is chiefly responsible for it—a Chris tian nation." Moreover, "during fifty years past, Christian nations in Europe have giv en their best efforts to devising and storing up the means of making war in the most destructive manner and on an unprecedented scale." Let us sec if Christianity should bear the burden of wrongs and ills that follow from a contest at arms between two belliger ent states. The Right of War a Natural Right. The right of war usually is consid ered to be a natural right. The psy chology and the ethics of war lie deep and latent in the very main springs of human nature. They are based intrinsically on the law of self preservation, whether this law be ap plied to the individual as such, or to the collective units of the nation. Personal liberty in this country, as upheld in the Declaration of Indepen dence and guaranteed by the Constitu tion, is nothing more than a simple application of the natural law which affords every human being the right to be "born free and equal," yea, and to enjoy freedom and equality with other human beings. This law of self-preservation with regard to the individual is inherent in his physical and his moral nature. For existence when applied to a hu man being pre-supposes the right to a continuance of that existence, unless a higher law intervenes. Moreover, this right is both positive and nega tive, that is, it justifies the individual in using the lawful means necessary to preserve his existence, and it per mits him to repel those forces or agen cies which threaten the unlawful de struction of that same existence. As a corollary from this law there flows the right to protect his family, his dependents, and his other posses sions. When these are menaced by an enemy, domestic or foreign, one who does not represent a higher law, such a person is within his lawful rights if he seeks to remove that enemy. Mul tiply that individual right by the popu lation of a country, and you have the foundation of a civic virtue which has been called patriotism. When the col lective rights of a nation are threatened by a foe, the individual certainly is as fully justified in assisting his fellows to repel the common enemy as he is in putting forth his hand to crush the enemy of his own fireside and family. War, therefore, is but the combined effort of many units acting in harmony and unison to repel the invader of the individual as well as of the national rights. v National Defence. In the present state of society the leaders of a nation are presumed to ex ercise for the common weal the right of defense. This right naturally passes to the State, represented by its rulers, as the only ones who are In a position efficaciously to enforce the law of self-protection for the multi tude as well as for the individual citi zen. It may sometimes happen, as past records evidence, that a war is unjust: in fact, war itself would seem to indicate injustice somewhere. The multitude is swayed by the arguments ©f its leaders, and immediately acts in self-defense. Even supposing that the war is most unjust: this fact will not deprive the inhabitants of an invaded country of the right to defend them selves from attack. No one is justified in upholding wrong but the injustice of the leaders cannot compel the citi zens to submit to the destruction of their lives and property. Generally speaking, it may be conceded that in every war each party is convinced of the justice of his cause: hence he is not to be blamed if he prays for suc cess and victory: in much the same way that two parties to a law-suit may adopt every lawful means to insure a successful issue of the case. IS CHRISTIANITY A FAILURE? IHTH DIIKOTi MISSIONART Christianity Not An Issue fit Present War. Now, Mr. Eliot contends that Chris tianity has failed inasmuch as Chris tianity has not prevented warfare. In the first place it may be remarked that Mr. Eliot's idea of the Christian re ligion, and of religion in general, is a concept based on the modern interpre tation of religion. Christ did not come to build up a kingdom in this world: "My kingdom is not of this world," He emphatically declared. Chris tianity is not, nor can it be, an issue in the question of armed conflict. The counsels interspersed throughout the Scriptures pointing to meekness and submission have no bearing on the present question. Suffering endured with Christian fortitude is fraught with merit: persecution borne in the cause of Faith, when Faith is at stake, a incumbent as a duty upon the be ever. But- the shielding one's life from hostile attack outside the realm of religion is but the exercise of a natural right. Will Mr. Eliot admit that our forefathers acted wrongly in seeking to preserve their independence -and their liberties, unhampered by un just restraint? Was the war of the Revolution a proof that Christianity had failed up to that particular epoch? Is the present existence of this coun try, the haven for the oppressed of all nations, merely the result of a fail ure of Christianity when put to the test during the dark and bitter days of Valley Forge? The historical fact is, that Christianity in itself had noth ing whatever to do with the whole matter, as an antecedent, concomit ant, or subsequent factor. Eliot's Naturalisnt. The fundamental error in Mr. Eliot's reasoning is derived from a form of Naturalism, so prevalent at the pres ent time. He cannot see any distinc tion between the soul eudowed and enriched with divine grace, and the cultured pagan living according to purely natural laws and ideals. In other words, Christianity is and al ways has been dogmatic: true Chris tianity always- will -be dogmatic. When the flood-gates of irreligion were opened wide in the sixteenth century, the crux of the upheaval was found to be the spirit of rebellion against authority. Dogmatism palled upon the human spirit that had been chafing under restraint. The firmness of the divine law, the uncomprising attitude of the Christian Church with regard to her doctrines furnished a plausible pretext for those of her chil dren who yearned for greener pas tures, for untasted springs, for more delectable mental pabulum. The in flexible sameness of the manna spread ever before them nauseated their vitiated appetites, and they fain would (Continued on page 4.) mOOESJCHOUil AMBROSE A. PAOLI SECURES DIS TINCTION FOR PRINCE EDWARD ISLAND—E N I E S HIM TO THREE YEARS AT OXFORD UNI VERSITY. Mr. Ambrose A. Paoli has been ap pointed Rhodes Scholar for Prince Ed ward Island, Canada. This scholar ship is worth $1,500 a year for three years, during which the holder pur sues a course of studies at Oxford University, England. Mr. Paoli is a native of Charlotte town, where he was born twenty-two years ago. After graduating from Prince of Wales College he taught English at St. John's College, Riviere du Loup, Quebec, and then entered Queen's University, Kingston, Ont., from which he will graduate this year with the B. A. degree. He is an all around athlete and a non-commis sioned officer in the Fifth Field Com pany Canadian Engineers. He will en ter Oxford University next September and will continue the study of civil engineering. Mr. Paoli is the fourth Catholic Rhodes Scholar from Prince Edward Island. PRIEST'S SJjflDEH DEATH FATHER DILLON OF LOUISVILLE FOUND DEAD IN BED. Rev. Michael Dillon, sixty-five years old, was fdund dead in his bed at St. Thomas Orphanage, Louisville, Ky., on February 13. He had been in ill health a number of years, but was not under the care of a physician. Death was due to pneumonia. Father Dillon was a native of Ire land, coming to this country when about four years old. He was edu cated for the priesthood at St. Thomas College, Bardstown. spent most of his life lie as a teacher, for a number of years being a mem ber of the faculty of the Preston Park Seminary, which is now St. Thomas Orphanage. Later he was chaplain at the O'Leary Home on Barret avenue. He retired five years ago. No im mediate relatives survive. V MINNESOTA HISTORICAL, SOOIEL Y.- Number 9 FATHER BELCOURT'S W O OF SECULAR NEWSPAPER. K AMONG THE INDIANS—TRIBUTE Among the missionary priests of the great Dakota territory no single man, says the "Devil's Lake Journal," stands forth more prominently than Father Belcourt, famous for his great work with the Indians, particularly the Chippewas. In 1849 he was a mis sionary at Pembina and later at St. Joseph (Walhalla). Major Woods of the United States army during the 31st congress was sent' to Pembina to investigate the conditions in Da kota, and his report of the work of Father Belcourt is full of the high est praise for the work of the mis sionary. Father Belcourt performed the valuable service of compiling a dictionary of the Chippewa language, spending many a weary day question ing the Indians and learning the mul titude of words used in the Chippe wa tongue. At the time Major Woods was at Pembina Father Bel court asked for assistance from the government to publish the dictionary he had prepared. The work done by these early mis sionaries cannot be too highly re garded. Theirs was the task of driv ing the entering wedge of civiliza tion into the wilderness of the prairies and this task they nobly per formed. The fact that they kept faith with the Indians, never deceived them, and always endeavored to see that justice was done them, made it. possible for the missionaries to pene trate the wilds of the Dakotas and safely go among the warring tribes when no other white man could do so with impunity. Some day North Da kota will recognize the service per formed by these men who gave their lives to teacli the savage civilization and Christianity. FAUCI! CHURCH DEDICHTtD NEW YORK CHURCH WILL BE A PLACE OF PILGRIMAGE—WILL COST $500,000—A GOTRtC BTmflST*"* TURE WITH DOME. The beautiful Chapel of Notre Damo de Lourdcs, erected by Ihe French Catholics of New York under the di rection of the Fathers of Mercy as & shrine to Our Lady and a place of pil grimage, was solemnly dedicated by His Eminence Cardinal Farley on Thursday, February 11, the feast of Our Lady of Lourdes. French people from all parts of the city filled the edifice and a large number of priest* attended. After the blessing of the exterior and the interior of the edifice by the Cardinal, a Solemn High Mass was celebrated by the Right. Rev. Patrick J. Hayes, Auxiliary Bishop of the Archdiocese, with the Cardinal presid ing. The music of the Mass was ren dered by a choir composed of 100 little boys and girls from the French Or phan Asylum of St. Vincent de Paul. The sermon was preached by the Right Rev. Monsignor Joseph F. Mooney, V. G. Although the edifice is not finished, lack of funds preventing the complo tion of the magnificent dome, the church is one of the finest in the city. The total cost will be about $500,000* of which more than $350,000 has been thus far expended. The style of the new church Is French Gothic. The walls are of Caen stone and marble. The dome when completed will be 56 feet in diameter and 215 feet in height. The church has wide aisles and a coverfed cloister particularly designed to ac commodate pilgrimages and' contains a baptistry and five chapels, in addi tion to the grotto chapel. Forming a part of the church and conforming to it in architectural design, is the chapel containing a grotto of Lourdes. which for the past four weeks has been a place of pilgrimage for devout Catholics of all nationalities, but es pecially of French-Americans. With the dedication of the 'church Notre Dame becomes a new parish. Heretofore it has been a part of the St.. Vincent de Paul parish. M|a (eraldyn Redmond gave a large part of the money thus far expended. THREE PRIESTS PERISH REDEMPTORI8T FATHERS KILLE0 BY ITALIAN EARTHQUAKE. Six Redemptorist Fathers of thfl Roman province were conducting mis sions at Cerchio and Orluchio, and were hearing confessions when the earthquake occurred which demolish ed the churches and buried the mis sionaries in the ruins. One father escaped unhurt, two others wore slightly injured, but three of th#B| perished. The dead are Fathers Anthony Mira bella and Emilius Annessi, who met their death at Cerchio, and Father Alexius D'Arpino, who perished at Or luchio.