Newspaper Page Text
QUE 5 s &v 41*"- t.'^t A,\ .iWTl -y3 rh ,' *, V v'4 Has a priest the right to refuse to baptize a child if the parents are not members of the Church or if one is a non-Catholic and the other is trying to bring the child up as a Catholic? A child who is baptized a Catholic Is held responsible for obeying the laws of the Church as well as the Ten Commandments. If there is no probability that the child will be brought up a Catholic, a priest, in charity for the child, must refuse to place it under the obligations that Baptism entails. When neither of the parents is a member of the Church, the probability that the child will receive the necessary instructions does not seem to exist. If one of the parents is a Catholic and the other is not, the Catholic is obliged to bring the child up in the Catholic faith. If the evidence that this will be done is satisfactory to the priest, he will baptize the child. Has a priest the right to refuse the Holy Sacrament to any one in any way, especially If they are a little behind with the pew rent, or for any little personal grievance? We presume the sacrament the en quirer refers to is the Holy Eucharist. In certain cases a priest is obliged to refuse Holy Communion to a per son who comes to receive It. For instance, if a person is a public sin ner, known to be living in mortal sin, the priest would be right in refusing him Holy Communion until he made reparation for the scandal given by his conduct. By the law of justice, all who contribute to the support of their pastor have a right to his serv ices but, by the law of charity, the pastor will be only too glad to ad minister the sacraments to all, un less he Is deterred from doing so by reasons much more grave than those stated in the question. 1. What it the Catholic population of St. Paul and Minneapolis? 2. Where can one find statistics giving the Cath olic population of the principal cities Of this country at the present time? 1. The. Catholic population of the city of St. Paul is at least SO per rent of the entire population. The Catholic population of Minneapolis is estimated at between 30 and 35 per ceut. 2. The census taken up every ten years by the United States Government gives the population of this country accord ing to religions and the information desired can be found tn-.thie official re ports of the census. What occurred at Zumbrota, Minn., some time ago concerning an ex-priest who spoke there and who, it is said by non-Catholics, offered $5,000 to any Catholic in the town to prove that the Knights of Columbus oath was not true? It is said that no Catholic accepted the offer. The facts of the case are as follows: This anti-Catholic lecturer visited Zumbrota and delivered a lecture there one evening last fall. In the audience was Mr. Schaefer, the only Catholic business man in the town. He is not a Knight of Columbus. When Mr. Schaefer heard the lecturer in the course of his talk challenge any one to show that the so-called K. of oath was not true, he took him up and said that he had $.",000 to back his assertions that it was not genuine. He told the lecturer, if he wished to take up the challenge, to meet him at the bank the next morning and sign the necessary papers in presence of witnesses. Mr. Schaefer's questions became so embarrassing to the lec turer that he asked to "have Mr. Schaefer removed from the audience, which was done. The next morning Mr. Schaefer. accompanied by his at torney, who is a non-Catholic, went to the bank to meet the lecturer who, when asked to put up his money and sign the papers, refused to do so on the plea that his attorney was in New York and could not get to Minnesota for thirty days. Of course, this was only a subterfuge to escape the net into which his own rash statements had led him. He made the challenge as a bluff and when it was taken up. he refused to sign the papers and put up his money although Mr. Schaefer had deposited $.,000 in the bank to make good his claim that the lecturer's assertions in regard to the K. of C. oath were false. For many months Mr. Schaefer's money remained in the bank awaiting a taker and his chal lenge was published in the local paper SO that if this anti-Catholic lecturer or any other of his kind, or the Guardians of Liberty, the A. P. A., Knlgths of Luther, or other anti-Cath •»*, ?:%C? 11 cax% Did the Blessed Virgin Mary receive any of the sacraments? If not, why? Though the name of the Blessed Virgin is not mentioned specifically, there is no reason to doubt that she, as well as all the other Christians, re ceived the Holy Eucharist. St. Luke tells us in Acts (II-42, 44, 46) that all who believed were persevering in the doctrine of the Apostles, in the com munication of the breaking of the bread and in prayer. Our Lord gave the Blessed Virgin to the personal care of His beloved Apostle and evi dently St. John, when offering the Holy Sacrifice, would give the Holy Eucharist to her. Again, in Acts (1-4) we are told that the Christians were all together, that is, the Apos tles, disciples and holy women, num bering in all one hundred and twenty, when the Holy Ghost came upon them on the day of Pentecost. Evidently, the Blessed Virgin was with them and, consequently, she received the Holy Ghost in the Sacrament of Con firmation as did the others. As she was sinless, there was no need for her to receive the Sacraments of Baptism, Penance or Extreme Unc tion. v-s* v" v~ "fefA]N5WERi la this department, questions of general interest in regard to religion will be Answered each week in the order in which they are received. All communi* vationsSmost be signed, though the*name will not be published. Address: ^Question and Answer", The Catholic Bulletin, 315 Newton Bldg., St. PanL olic organization wished to accept his offer, they could do so. As far as we know the money is still on deposit and Mr. Schaefer is prepared at any time to accept the challenge made by the bigots who assert that the so called K. of C. oath is genuine. The assertion mrde by the non-Catholics referred to in this question that there was no one to accept the challenge of this anti-Catholic lecturer is on a par with the other statements made by those who take part in this un-Ameri can and bigoted campaign against Catholics. (Continued from page 1.) THE ACTS OFJE APOSTLES But to return. To suggest, as per haps Stephen did that there would be another worship than that of the tem ple and that God would be adored in other places and that the temple, as the one place of worship, had become an anachronism, was blasphemy to the non-Christian Jew and worthy of death. Nor was every Christian yet ready for such bold conclusions. Such briefly were the causes of the Jew's deep attachment to his ancient wor ship and of the Christian Jew's en deavor to make Christianity rather the support than the crown of Juda ism. Such also was the need of a great outpouring of the Holy Spirit to win the hearts of Jewish converts to Chris tian rites. It is a source of scandal to some that, when the Apostles imposed hands and gave the Holy Ghost, the recipients were filled with intense joy and ecstasy, whereas now Christians receiving the same Holy Spirit are not favored with these sensible gifts. If we remember how much sentiment the converted Jew would soon have to sacrifice for belief in Jesus, we shall not begrudge him all the consolations of the Spirit. Transition Inevitable. For, however gently the Apostles acted, a change was bound to come. Just as surely as the ripe fruit droits from the parent stem carrying with it all the virtue of the parent tree, so surely was Christianity to dissever it self from Judaism. It was in the na ture of things. Judaism was for one race, Christianity was for all races. Judaism was temporary with only the great charge of bringing forth "the hope of the nations." Christianity was for all time to realize that hope. The worship of Judaism was in one temple, and that, was soon to be destroyed, practically forever the worship of Christianity was to be everywhere from the rising to the setting of the sun. The priesthood of Aaron was to cease and the priesthood of Jesus Christ to take its place. With Chris tianity, therefore, the reality had come, and Judaism with its types and figures must fall by its own weight. To intimate that those figures were still needful, was to deny that their promise had been realized. In fact there was little room for them. When the ordinances of Christ were fulfilled, the ordinances of Moses became super fluous. In that first discourse of Pe ter on Pentecost morning, Mosaisin was, unconsciously perhaps, yet com pletely thrust aside by the apostle. Only repentance and baptism, instead of the prescribed sin-offerings, were given by him as the condition of salva tion. Very soon another rite distin guished the baptized from the unbap tized Jews. While the former met in the temple in the morning for the Mosaic rites, they also met "from house to house" in the evening for "the breaking of bread,"—the liturgical rite prescribed by Christ at the Last Supper. This rite was pre-eminently destined to break down the old bar riers between Jew and Gentile, if the latter were once admitted to the fold. It was a joyous spiritual feast in the love of Christ cementing with bonds of brotherhood all who had been regen erated in the waters of Baptism. The old contemptuous language of the Jew for the rest of the world could no long er be applied to the converted Gentile. Solemn was the injunction.to Peter, "What God hath made clean call not thou common" (Act XI. 9). The Gentile Church. And the Gentiles were soon admitted to the fold. Peter acting on the light of the vision he had received, on the God-directed request of Cornelius, and on the fact that the Holy Spirit had with visible signs fallen on the Gen tiles, had baptized them, and "had gone in to men uncircumcised and did eat with them." Subsequently lie so clear ly satisfied the Zealotes of the Law and justified his conduct that for the time they glorified God saying: "God then hath also to the Gentiles given repentance unto life"( XI. 18). Thus through the action of Peter the portals of the Church were swung open to the Gentiles to come in without any re striction. St. Paul, the champion of this move ment, had nothing to do with its in auguration. It took place most nota bly at Antioch. There the refugees from Jerusalem and from Saul's perse cution preached to the Greeks. "And the hand of the Lord was with them and a great number believing was con verted to the Lord" (IX. 21). 'When Barnabas, "the good man full of the Holy Ghost and faith," sent by the Apostles to investigate this new com munity, found that the new converts had received the grace of God, he fol lowed the example of Peter rnd re joicing approved the work, which the Holy Ghost by visible signs !ad ap proved. Thus was the Gentile or at least mixed Church of Antioch affili ated through their envoy to the leader ship of the Apostles, over whom Peter Mi *-,•,?) M' n still presided. Barnabas went further. He sought out Saul at Tarsus and brought him to Antioch, where the two, perhaps as presbyters only, labored together with rich fruits. Thither Peter, a fugitive from prison on his way to Rome, came, and he came not as a stranger, but as one to his own church. He established the Episcopate and apparently favored for the su preme place one of the founders of the Church. We find, in confirmation of this statement, that subsequently at the command of the Holy Spirit this Church imposed hands on Barnabas and Saul and sent them on their mis sionary journey. Saul, now called Paul, always reported back to this Church, by whom he had been sent out. But the Church of Antioch was a church of Peter, if not founded by himself, at least aggregated to the fold by Barnabas, his envoy. Antioch is by the Orontes, which flows into the Mediterranean, Jerusalem by the Jor dan, which flows into the Dead Sea, —faithful picture of the influence of these two churches. Jerusalem Loses the Supremacy. While thus Christianity was being organized on lines radiating from the mother Church of Jerusalem, events were fast accumulating to displace this church from the center of gravity and to prevent it from imposing its cus toms on all. The selection of James to be the shepherd of this flock, while gratifying to the zealots, owing to his love for Mosaism, must in the long run be fatal to the prestige of the Jerusalem Church. Peter was now free and where Peter went the head ship of the Church went. Herod's per secution, or rather Divine Providence sent him far forth into the Gentile world. In his absence, a new element came into the Jerusalem church. St. Paul calls them "false brethren, who came in unawares." They tried to push things to extremes and to extend the customs of Jerusalem as far as the Church of Antioch. Thus party spirit grew. Persecution, famine, poverty tried the mother Church, but did not abate the fanatical zeal of its ad herents to extend Mosaism every where. Then a great event happened. Peter quietly returned from his seven years long wandering. The matter, as far as Gentile converts were con cerned, could be definitely settled. To Jerusalem, therefore, Paul and Barna bas posted, and obtained the memor able decision, that the converts from Gentilism should not be subjected to a yoke, which Peter said, "neither we nor our fathers could bear." If Paul had seen what Peter saw, Christ weep ing over the city and prophesying its utter destruction and the extinction of its people, he might have sympathized with Peter's later action at Antioch jnore, and found another means, beside that of upbraiding Peter, to quiet his own converts. Peter's cry from the first was: "Save yourselves from this perverse generation," (Act II. 40), and he would make every possible conces sion before the breaking of the storm. The Last Days. The subsequent history of the Church of Jerusalem is very sad. All the zeal of James for the Law did not satisfy the' non-Christian Jews. He died a martyr's death. Then came the horrors of war. Before the city of Jerusalem was encircled with the be siegers under Titus, St. Simeon, the Christian Bishop, aware of the prophecy of the Lord, withdrew his flock across the Jordan. They re turned afterwards to dwell in the ruins of the city. Finally, after another Jewish revolt, they with all other Jews, falling under the proscription of Adrian in A. D. 135, were banished and the church of Jerusalem was no more. No heresy has ever been laid to the door of this church or of her fifteen Bishops. The Church of Jerusalem gave to the world the example of the purest brotherhood, it bravely with stood persecution, it has left indelible marks on our Gospels. It made the mistake of clinging to a servitude, that was past, and many of its members made the still greater mistake of en deavoring to impose this yoke on non Jews. Like the prisoner of Chillon, it could not appreciate liberty long de layed: "My very chains and I grew friends. So much a long communion tends To make us what we are:—even I Regained my freedom with a sigh." Returning, as much as Christian faith would permit, to Jewish servi tude and identifying itself too closely with the Jewish nation, the mother church went down with that nation in one common ruin. Meantime was begun the conquering march of the Gentile Church, which henceforth went "through the shadows of the globe sweeping into the younger da RtSH CHARITIES BENEFIT $330,000 LEFT IN TWO WILLS. Irish charities benefit largely by two recent wills. By that of Mrs. Emily Clarke of Blackrock, County Dublin, a fortune of some $230,000 is divided amongst various Catholic tshorities. Another woman left an estate of $100,000 amongst fifteen Dublin char ities, Mrs. Winstanley of Southport, England, who was Irish by birth. CATHOLIC ACTORS' GUILD ELECTS OFFICERS FOR THE COM ING YEAH. The Catholic Actors' Guild cele brated its first anniversary as an or ganization at a meeting held on April 9 in the Hotel Astor, New York, at which the following officers were elected: President, Jerry J. Cohan: vice-presidents, Francis X. Hope and Arthur S. Colborne: secretary and treasurer, William C. Cotter. Final arragements were made for holding a three-days'* retreat In. theChureh of St. Malachjr. j.,v. «y v t* 'i- .•»,«• ,' faffi CATHOLIC WtEETIN, "APRIL 24, 1015. TIE OATHEDRM. IN COMMEMORATION Of THE OPENING OF THE NEW CATHE DRAL OF ST. PAUL. (Blanche Ingersoll Chapin, in the St. Paul Dispatch.) (The Past.) Fair o'er the valley the cloud mists are lifting— The Father of Waters gleams calm on our sight Purple and amethyst bluffs in the dis tance, Aglow with the gold of the morn s ing's Boft light. O'er dense wooded upland a faint smoke is curling, Lonely and wreath-like against the blue sky A glad, solemn hash pervades all the woodlarids •r And bright-starred with flowers the verdant plains lie. In a tiny log chapel, rough-h£w& from the forest, Builded with labor and infinite care, Pere Gaultier is kneeling—the faith ful surrounding— With hearts of thanksgiving and reverent prayer. Deep in his soul is golden-hued vision Of Faith, Hope and Charity biding o'er all Out of the wilderness new life is dawning, As he christens his altar of ifrprship, "St. Paul." (The Present.) Still from the summit of Mars' hill, in Athens, Re-echoes the voice of the prophet anew In the temple of God, fair crown of our city, Its dome gleaming white 'gainst horizon of blue! Quaint is the work of the old master builders What love and wh»t worship in Art's early dawn? How rich is the treasure of modern possession, True heir of the glory of ages agone! Hark! through the purpling dusk of the twilight, The Angelus floats, silver-tongued on the air, And gleaming afar through the deep ening shadows Bright flames the Cross on the Temple of prayer! Its message of life to man and to na tion, Erring and torn with the throes of despair, u Is infinite love and tender compassion Encompassing all, and the every where! Ring, silver bell\ from thy granite^ crowned Srfnimit, An anthem of courage that never will cease But will live in all hearts as tenderest music— The ftng of a great Universal World Peace! PEACE EGGS AN ANCIENT CUSTOM AT THE EASTERTIDE. The Feast of the Resurrection, the "Queen of Festivals," is remarkable for the almost universal practice of giving "peace eggs." As an Easter dish Easter eggs are in point of an tiquity deserving of first mention. Some antiquaries see in the Paschal egg a symbpl of the resurrection, and have constantly pronounced the cus tom to be of Christian origin but it is far older than Christianity. Eggs were eaten (after having been col ored) in the very remotest antiquity during the festival of the spring. To this day they are a prominent feature in the Feast of Norub (or New Year), held throughout Central Asia about March 25th. The custom is also com mon to Norse nations. In the old "Sagas" the earth was symbolized by an egg. The egg was the emblem of the world, and ancient temples in con sequence sometimes received an oval form. The word pays, pas, pace, pasche, passhe, etc., still used in the north of England, come from the He brew, through the Greek. The Danish Paaske-egg, and the Swedish Pask-egg both likewise signify colored eggs. In England the old "Pace eggs" were hard-boiled and dyed with various col ors. In fact, "Paste-egg Day" was one of the names in England for Easter Day "paste" being a natural enough corruption of "pasch." It is curious to note that, though the word Easter is itself derived from the names of the Saxon deity "Eostre," this title has been preferred and preserved rather than the Biblical one of Pascha, or Passover, for this greatest of all Christian festivals. EASTER LILIES. (Rosetta Kelly.) Like shadow of an angel's wing, So pure—so white, Lilies of the King, s" f(4 Heaven's delight. Dream-child of the eternal snows So pure—so white, Lilies of the King, Earth's delight. A starry-petaled crystal cup, So pure—so white, Fragrance floating up, Heart's delight. Breath of Heaven is ne'er so sweet So pure—so white. Censer of. the King. ((jaw^* kl 1 His deligUL ./ ..•" I i 0 BOOKS Br CATHOLIC AUTHORS In tbe St. Paul Public Library (N. B. Keep this list for reference and present it at the Public Library.—Ed.) HISTORY (Continued). Spain, Russia, Turkey and the Nether lands. Burke, U. R.—History of Spain From the Earliest Times to the Death of Ferdinand the Catholic. 1895. 946B946h Curt in, Jeremiah—The Mongols a History. 1908 *•,....... 950C978m Curtin, Jeremiah—Mongols in Russia. 1908 ..947C978 Dunn, A. J.—Rise and Decay of the Rule of Islam. 1877 949.6D921r Gibbs, P., and Grant B.—Adventures of War With Cross and Credent. 1913 i)19.GG444a Gilliat-Smith, E.—Story ©f Bruges. 1901 949.3G48 Gilliat-Smith. E.—Story of Brussels. 1906 949.3G45S Jaime I, King of Aragon—Chronicle of Francis I, King of Aragon, Sur named the Conqueror. 1883 946.5J23cf Lynch, Hannah—Toledo. 1898..... 946.4*L987tm Madden, Dr. R. R.—Turkish Empire in Its Relations With Christianity and Civilization. 2 v. 1862 956M180tu Molloy, J. F.—Russian Court in the 18th Century. 1905 947.06M727r Robinson, W. C.—Antwerp an His torical Sketch. 1904 .949.3R6G6 Asia. Lilly, W. Si—India and Its Problems. 1902 954Y731i Lynch, George—War of the Civiliza tions being the record of a "for eign devil's" experience with the allies in China 951L986w Malleson, G. B.—History of Afghan istan From the Earliest Period to the Outbreak of the War of 1878. 1879 958.2M2.r)3h Malleson, G. B.—History of the French in India From the Found ing of Pondichefy in 1674 to the Capture of That Place in 1761 954M253hf Malleson, G. B.—Historical Sketch of the Native State of India in Subsidiary Alliance With the British Government. 1375 954M253h Malleson, G. B.—History of the In dian Mutiny, 1857-1858. 1S80 954M253 Malleson, G. B.—Indian Mutiny, 1857. 1891 954M253in Parker, E. H.—China, Her History, Diplomacy and Commerce, from the Earliest Times to the Present Day. 1901 ..f....951P238c.'T i Germany. Janssen, J.—History of the German People at the Close of the Middle Ages. Ifi-v 1...943.02J33 Liitzow, F. H. H. O. Graf von— Bohemia an historical sketch 943.71L975b Liitzow, F. H. H. O. Graf von— Lectures on the Historians of Bo hemia 943.71 L975L Liitzow, F. H. H. O. Graf von— Story of the Prague 943.71L975sp Malleson, G. B.—Battlefields of Ger many, from the Outbreak of the Thirty Years' War to the Battle of Blenheim 943.04M2531) Malleson, G. B.—Refounding of the German Empire, 1848-1871 943.07M253r Africa. Butler, Sir W. F.—Campaign of the Cataracts being a personal nar rative of the great Nile expedition of 1884-5 9Ci2.fi B98 Davitt, Michael—The Boer Fight for Freedom. }902 ... 968.2D266b Ohrwalder. Joseph—Ten Years' Cap tivity in the Mahdi's Camp 962.6039t WHY 5TUITE IDLE? (Written for The Catholic Bulletin by George Benson Hewetson.) In God'3 vast Vineyard there is work for all Those that stand idle He will there employ Some tend and dress the Vine and some destroy Those sins that cause His grapes ere ripe to fall Others extend the Vineyard at His call, 4 Bringing the suckling and the girl and boy Into the fulness of the parent's joy, Away from worldly vinegar and gail. Why stand ye idle in the market place When there awaits you work so full of grace, Transcending all the toil that ends in dust? Go ye in faith, and undertake the task, Nor reason on the wages ye shall ask, _• .V*/ For He Who calls ybtt loves you, and is just. TERGENTEifiRYJF THE O'NEILL WILL BE CELEBRATED IN ROME IN JULY, 1tli. On July 20, 1916, the Eternal City will observe the tercentenary of the death within her walls of The O'Neill, Prince of Tyrone, that indomitable old monarch who died on this date in 1616. From Ireland, the United States, Australia, New Zealand, Can ada, South Africa, and South America, men of Celtic blood will come to stand by the graves of The O'Neill and The O'Donnell, who sleep side by side in the Church of St. Pietro in Montorio on the .Taniculum Hill, and do honor to the two great Chieftains who sleep on its summit. mm I si i i it 6 .ii^iiiwmii1 1 Air--r Hi v n i J| P. FREY, Pres. and Gen. Msr. SAINT PAUL 2 i,r (i «ni«WfH«|i jpWili'iliyt^iLiii?'^* i 1 •I S i 3f wf „ts I f, ,$ h, -L. £V I* i mm mmm*- mm 1 ur' a U (f r$ fi k a #5 Since it is a necessity most desirable and will last a life-tinfce, isn't it thoughtless not to get a modern, up-to-date bath room NOW instead of later? QUALITY GUARANTEED—PRICES RIGHT Every one of our fixtures is of known quality no substitution of un known or inferior goods. Come and visit our Luxurious Display Rooms, and select your plumbing and heating equipment from our large and varied display of fixtures. You will be assured of satisfactory goods and prompt service. Central Supply Company "THE QUALITY HOUSE" Manufacturers and Dealers Plumbing, Heating, Engineers, Gas, Water and Mill Supplies 312-314-316 Third Street South, Minneapolis, Minn. a. c. A. 1,. l'OTTICIt, Mgr. of Sales. The Time-^The Coal ARE YOU GOING TO FORGET COAL UNTIL NEXT WINTER i/UlN 1 I The natural, logical, sensible time to meet and settle your coal problem is in the spring. A dollar saved is a dollar earned and to piut in your winter sup ply at this season means a material credit to your earnings. HANNA BLUE GRASS BLOCK HANNA WHITE ASH HANNA HARD COAL KKJIAN, 1 silSF 1 f' isLji -1?* i 1 llJ k i)3^ ts OSS*** vice Pres LUMP This is the combination that insures you absolute satisfaction Y as regards next winter's heating problem. One of these is the ideal coal for your repuirments. Talk it over with your coal man, put in your supply and await the coming winter in perfect confidence and peace of mind. The M. A. Hanna Coal Co. MINNEAPOLIS DULUTH I BE A HAPPY BOY THIS $1.00 "GOCYCLE" FREE Boys, do you want to have this wonderful Gocycle "for your very own?" Bring us two new subscriptions to The Catholic Bulletin with the money to pay for them and the big prize Gocycle is yours. The price of the paper is $1.50 a year. You can get the two subscribers in one afternoon and then you may ride a Gocycle in happiness all sum mer. Call at 315 Newton Building as soon as you get the subscrip tions- but you will have to hurry. Out-of-town boys may send in their orders by mail.